International scientific and practical conference "AgroSMART - Smart solutions for agriculture" (AgroSMART 2018)

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184 articles

Nutrient Concentration of Straw during its Degradation in the Conditions of Forest-Steppe Zone of Trans-Urals

Anastasiya Akhtiamova, Oksana Kulyasova
Based on the economic reasons, the agrarians refused to apply organic fertilizers on arable land. Nowadays, to obtain high yields of agricultural crops, agrochemicals have been actively used, which led to organic matter shortage entering the soil. Straw, as a by-product, is usually removed from fields,...

Stability of Flour Mixture under Various Storage Conditions with Addition of Fenugreek Seed Powde

Lyudmila V. Anisimova, Osama I. A. Soltan
This paper investigates storage stability (165-day period) of whole oat flour obtained by hydrothermal treatment and stored at 40 degrees Celsius in cloth bags and flour mixture containing 66.7 percent of whole oat flour obtained by hydrothermal treatment, 13.3 percent of fenugreek seed powder, 6 percent...

Modeling of Kinetics of Mass-Exchange Processes for Fruit and Berry Production Preservation

Yu.G. Bazarnova, T.A. Kuznetsova, E.B. Aronova
At preservation of fruits and berries mass-exchange processes take place in liquid mediums, which define quality of the canned production. The composition of covering syrup should guarantee preservation of turgor, taste and color of fruits and berries and prevent fermentation processes. We carried out...

Influence of Paratypic Factors on the Productivity of Holstein Cows

A. E. Belenkaya
The article presents the dataset on the influence of paratypic factors on the productivity of Holstein cows. The best indicators of productivity were revealed in the cows with a live weight of 400-449 kg at the first successful conception. The milk yield amounted to 8863.2 with a fat mass fraction of...

Theoretical and Experimental Studies of Energy Consumption in Rotor Fertilizer Spreaders Operation

Alexey Dmitrievich Brovchenko, Anatoliy Petrovich Dyachkov, Nikolai Petrovich Kolesnikov, Vitaliy Anatolievich Sledchenko
Here, theoretical studies of energy consumption in rotor fertilizer spreaders operation have been given. Multi-blade rotor fertilizer spreaders have been suggested to enhance quality of fertilizer distribution. Expressions for determining all the elements of total power on the rotor shaft, such as power...

Study of Self-Fertilization of Alfala Medicago L. in Northern Trans-Urals

N.N. Dyukova, A.S. Kharalgyn
In our research, 27-29% of alfalfa plants formed beans during self-pollination in the I_1 -I_2 generations. At the same time, there was an increase in the number of plants that bound the beans under insulators in a closed flower without auto-tripping. This means that it is possible to obtain alfalfa...

Fertility of Arable Chernozems of Western Siberia during Long-Term Application of Mineral Fertilizers

Dmitry Eremin
Western Siberia is the area of risk farming; however, it has always been and still remains a promising region for the development of modern agriculture. Unlike well-developed European chernozem or black soil, their Siberian counterparts are unstable to the anthropogenic impact. Therefore, the farming...

Potatoes Tuberous Reproduction Productivity Dependence On Seedlings Growing Technique

S. A. Filippova, L.V. Eliseeva, G.A. Mefodiev, L. G. Shashkarov
The analysis of various methods of obtaining potatoes seedlings was conducted. The study objects were the first and second tuberous reproduction of the hybrid generative progeny of the Nikulinsky and Breeze varieties. The aerial portion of potato plants was estimated by their height. The yield structure...

Regional Private Farming: from Theory to Practice

O.N. Goncharenko, L.B. Medvedeva
The paper considers the experience of private farming in the agro-industrial region, based on the theoretical insights of prominent Russian economists including A.V. Chayanova. Through output statistics, expert interviews as of 2018 and the results of the 2016 survey, it reveals the main positive phenomena...

Agronomic Characters of Hulless Barley Collection

Vera Mikhailivna Gubanova, Mikhail Valerievich Gubanov, Anatoly Alexandrovich Gryaznov
The research was conducted in 2011-2013 in the northern forest-steppe of the Tyumen region. The vegetation period of hulless barley samples ranged from 63 to 80 days. The samples with the length of stages - seedling-heading - 38-42 days and heading-ripening - 29-33 days produced the yield higher than...

Research of Effect of Protein-Containing Additives on Pasta Quality and Biological Value

Galina Aleksandrovna Osipova, Natalia Aleksandrovna Berezina, Tatiana Vladimirovna Seregina, Evgenia Viktorovna Hmeleva, Igor Alekseevich Nikitin, Igor Vladimirovich Zavalishin
The paper presents the results of complex studies on protein enrichment of pasta products as a mass consumption product. Meat products, legume flour and isolates of plant proteins were used as protein-containing additives. The analysis of results of experimental studies on the protein content and essential...

Analysis of Contemporary Trends in Production of Sugar Products from Non-Traditional Raw Materials and Their Practical Use

Valentina Vladimirovna Rumjanceva, Natalia Aleksandrovna Berezina, Evgenia Viktorovna Hmeleva, Julia Vladimirovna Penkova, Viktoriya Vladimirovna Kolomytseva
All over the world, the requirement for sugary products is mainly satisfied by sugar products made from sugar beet, cane raw sugar or glucose syrup. Most of the current technologies of producing syrup, glucose, glucose-fructose syrups are based on the starch processing of different origins. For bakery...

Microbiocinosis Formation in Birds Kept in Captivity

Sh. Kakhramanova, N. Yakimenko, А. Martynov, L. Kletikova, V. Turkov, V. Pronin
Keeping swans in captivity leads to changes in their microbal background. The study of mucous membranes of larynx and cloaca as well as bedding and pool water aiming at investigation of composition of both residential and pathogenic microflora in swans was carried out. For this purpose cultural-biochemical,...

Revisited Formation of Morphological Features of Gray Forest Soils of West Siberia

Marina Kastornova
Topsoils of Western Siberia have not been studied in sufficient detail. The causes of it are a variability of soil formation rocks, specifics of relief in the territory, human activities, and inaccessibility of some territories. When moving to precise agriculture, lack of exact information on typology...

The Yield of Early Potato Varieties of Domestic Breeding, Depending on the Level of Mineral Nutrition in the Northern Forest-Steppe of the Tyumen Region

Anastasia Afonasevna Kazak, Yury Pavlovich Loginov, Ksenia Alekseevna Kendus
Research was conducted in 2013-2016. on the experimental field of the Northern Autonomous Urals SAU in the area of the Instructional Farm. The soil is leached chernozem, heavy loam in particle size, moderately supplied with nutrients, ph-6,7. The study of the mineral nutrition level in early varieties...

Amino acid Composition and Biological Value of milk of Galshinsky-Breed Cows During Adaptation

Lubove Khromova, Galina Levina, Natalia Bailova, Artem Petrine
The aim of the research was to study, considering the modern requirements of amino acid, composition and biological value of milk proteins of Holstein cows, imported from the Netherlands, during the adaptation period in the agricultural holding "EkoNivaAgro" (Voronezh region) with the level of milk yield...

Technological Approaches to Cider Quality

Anna Kolobaeva, Olga Kotik
The purpose of the study was to determine key parameters influencing the quality of cider. Six apple grades of different ripeness period were considered: Ulyanishchev's Memory, Berkutovskoye, Ligol, Rossoshanskoye Striped, Bogatyr, and Lobo. All fruits were grown in the pomological garden of Voronezh...

Issues on Diffusion of Digital Payment Innovations in Agribusiness in Russia

Olga Korobeynikova, Dmitry Korobeynikov, Tatiana Dugina
The article states that to achieve the advanced development in agrarian sector and to ensure food sovereignty of Russia it is required to introduce a digital economy model. Diffusion of financial digital innovations into agriculture can occur through industrial adaptation of platforms and technologies,...

Use of Bio-Modified Raw Materials of Plant And Animal Origin in Technology of Functional Foods

Elena Kurchaeva, Aleksandеr Vostroilov, Natalya Derkanosova, Evgeny Artemov, Igor Maksimov, Svetlana Kalashnikova
Development of prescription solutions using plant additives based on the principles of combinatorics is promising in the food industry and is widely used. Studies of the health of the population of Russia, the structure of nutrition, the body's food substances, conducted by the Institute of nutrition...

Impact of Irrigation on Pedologic and Physical Conditions of Farm Soils

L.M. Tatarintsev, V.L. Tatarintsev, P.A. Myagkiy
The work was carried out on Novotroitsk irrigation massif located in dry steppe zone of Al-tai Krai. The paper studies the impact of long-term irrigation (10–15 years) by water from Ob River fed via Kulunda main canal on the parameters of ameliorative condition of chestnut soils. The re-sults discover...

The Structure and Productivity of Winter Durum Wheat Subject to Pre-Sowing Treatment

Nadezhda Podlesnykh, Nadezhda Galochkina
The paper studies the productivity of winter durum wheat of Zolotko variety subject to the treatment of seed grains with the preparations Poly-Feed, Plodorodiye Sibiri, Vitazim, Agat-25K, Micromak, potassium humate applied separately and in the mixture of Poly-Feed + Plodorodiye Sibiri + Vitazim followed...

Investigation of Influence of Oxygen on Process of Whiskey Ripening in New Design of Extractor

D.M. Borodulin, A.N. Potapov, M.V. Prosin
The results of investigations of extraction of oak chips by 50% aqueous-alcoholic solution during the ripening of the viscous beverage are presented. Studies were carried out in an extractor of the original design using oak chips "Sweet Vanilla". When extracting chips, the gas mixture with oxygen extractor,...

Caffeic Acid Effect on Elements of Production Process of Potato Plants (Solanum tuberosum L.) Under Hypothermia

Tamara I. Puzina, Inna Yu. Makeyeva
The paper investigated the effect of exogenous caffeic acid (0.1 mM) on antioxidant enzyme activity, LPO reactions, the permeability of membranes for electrolytes, the photosynthetic activity and productivity of potato plants (Solanum tuberosum L.) under optimal conditions, as well as under the action...

Segmental Vegetation in the Wheat Agrophytocenosis of the Northern Transural Region

Natalia Sannikova, Olga Kovaleva
Data on the species and quantity composition of weed plants in wheat agrophytocenosis are given, depending on agroclimatic conditions. Features of changes in the composition and abundance of different biological groups of weed plants during the vegetative period are considered. During the years of research...

Analysis of Reproductive Disorders of Cats and Means Used to Correct Them

O.A. Stolbova, L.N. Skosyrskikh, A.V. Kruglov
The research work was carried out in the period from 2014 to 2018 in the city of Tyumen. In this period 3,237 cats of different breeds and ages were examined. The investigated reproductive disorders were found in 389 cats. It was established that these disorders are widespread in Tyumen and their percentage...

Productive and Adaptive Qualities of Saanen Goats In Tyumen Oblast

M.A. Svyazhenina, N.I. Tatarkina, E.A. Ponomareva, M.A. Chasovschikova
Dairy goat farming is one of the promising areas of animal farming. Modern milk production necessitates not only certain technical solutions in production arrangement, but primarity high yield animals adapted to industrial production. Saanen is one of the most fitting breeds for milk production. This...

Ferments Activity in Pigs Digestive Organs at Postnatal Period of Different Stages

M.G. Terentieva, R. N. Ivanova, N.V. Shchiptsova, G. A. Larionov, A.Yu. Lavrentiev, N.V. Evdokimov, V. A. Alekseev, I.N. Madebeykin, A.I. Dimitrieva
We have determined the patterns for age-specific changes related to activity of aspartateaminotransferase, alanineaminotransferase, gamma glutamyltransferase, ?-amylase, alkaline phosphatase and acid phosphatase in different parts of the stomach, liver, pancreas, duodenal, empty, ileac, cecum, colic...

Improving Technology of Biscuit Semi-Finished Products Using Pumpkin Derived Products

Irina Alekseevna Timoshenkova, Elena Vladimirovna Moscvicheva, Maya Vladimirovna Bernavskaya, Dariya Alekseevna Chernikova, Yekaterina Yurievna Fedinishina
A possibility and expediency of pumpkin seeds flour utilization for production of biscuit semi-finished product was studied; the influence of the flour on consumer properties of the product was investigated. Studies were conducted on organoleptic and physicochemical indicators of the finished biscuit...

Modelling Humus Reserves with Livestock Wastes Application

Anatoly Vladimirovich Tingayev, Aleksandr Stepanovich Davydov
Application of livestock wastes during three years has exerted generally positive influence on humus storage. Pig effluents application assisted in storing the total forms of nutrient elements in comparison to the bench-mark data and control. The more significant storage of nutrient elements in soil...

Identification of Phytotoxic and Phytopathogenic Fungi on Grains and Wheat Seedlings

A.V. Pankova, L.R. Valiullin, D.V. Afordoanyi, R.I. Safin, A.R. Valiev, R.M. Nizamov, S.Z. Validov
Fungal phytopathogens are responsible for significant losses in agriculture worldwide. Diagnosis of seed infestation by fungal strains causing plant diseases or producing toxins is important for sustainable agriculture. Since plants are always colonized by fungal strains there is a demand in approaches...

Features of Seeds Microbiome for Spring Wheat Varieties from Different Regions of Eurasia

R.I. Safin, L.Z. Karimova, R.M. Nizamov, A.R. Valiev, S.Z. Validov, D.I. Faizrakhmanov
The aim of the study was to investigate the peculiarities of microbiome and seed bacterial endophytes isolated from different varieties of spring wheat grown in different areas of Eurasia (European part of Russia (Volga region), countries of Central Asia). The main method of the microbiome studies was...

Research of Composition and Properties of Pumpkin Pomace as Functional Food Ingredient

N M Derkanosova, O A Vasilenko, O V Peregonchaya, S A Sokolova, I I Zajceva, I N Ponomareva, S A Shelamova
Food fibers are considered as nutrients, deficiency of which in a diet is pointed out in numerous studies. It is recommended to introduce both raw materials rich in cellulose, pectin, hemicelluloses, and isolated dietary fibers in the formulation of food products as sources of food fiber. On the basis...

Epizootological situation with demodicosis infestation of dogs in the Central Chernozem region of the Russian Federation

Elena O. Vozgorkova, Nadezhda S. Bespalova, Sergey N. Semyonov
The paper presents the study of epizootological situation with demodicosis infestation of dogs in the Central Chernozem region of the Russian Federation from 2010 to 2017. The retrospective and operational analysis of veterinary reports of public and private veterinary institutions was carried out. In...

Developing and Testing Model for Investment Risk Assessment in Agriculture

Liudmila Anatolievna Zaporozhtseva, Tatiana Vladislavovna Sabetova, Julia Viktorovna Tkacheva
The urgency of the present study is due to the absence of any reliable method for investment risk assessment in agribusiness which impedes attracting and control of investment processes in this sector of economy. The article presents a new approach to modelling investment risk assessment applicable for...

Influence of Biopreparation "Alirin-B" on Cytomorphometric Characteristics of Conidia of Fungus Fusarium spp. Causing Potato Dry Rot

Nadezhda Zhilinskaya, Svetlana Eliseeva, Ekaterina Milovanovich, Iulia Bazarnova
Food and agricultural product safety during manufacture and turnover is a keystone in development of food market in many countries. Fusarium dry rot is the most common plant disease. Biological protection of agricultural plants is one of the alternative methods to reduce soil damage against mineral fertilizers....

Features of Implementation of Precision Agriculture Technologies on Cultivated Slope Lands

Sergey Anatolyevich Vasilyev
The article discusses the specific features of implementation of precision farming technologies on cultivated slope lands. Culti-vated slope land is a natural-territorial complex, the natural vege-tation of which is mostly replaced by agrocenoses. Because of their ecological instability, the complex...

The Ecological and Geographical Analysis and Modeling of Spatial Distribution of Zabrus Tenebrioides Goeze with the Help of Geoinformational Systems

T.A. Avtaeva, Sh. A. Kushalieva, A.V. Skripshincky
The article with the help of the methods of geoinformation modeling determined the extent to which the conditions of different territories of the world are suitable for the habitat of Zabrus tenebrioides according to climatic parameters. The research is performed according to the data from 279 points...

Biomorphological Analysis of Forest Flora of Chechen Republi

E.R. Baybatyrova
The article is devoted to a comprehensive analysis of the structure of the forest flora of the Chechen Republic. Based on herbarium material and literary sources, 309 species of vascular plants belonging to 180 genera and 76 families have been studied. According to the groups of the biomorphological...

The Influence of Pesticide Carbocide on Soil Microorganisms

Ayna M. Dokhtukayeva, Tanzila M. Khamzatova, Yakhita S. Usaeva, Fatima S. Turlova, Luiza G. Molochaeva, Madina M. Arsanova, Amina L. Elderkhanova
Pesticides enter the nature as a result of human economic activity and represent a major hazard for people's health. As a result of studying production and experimental cartocide pesticide doses on soil microorganisms we have revealed the biodegradation capability of cartocide. In particular, it has...

Biodiversity of Plant Pathogens in the Context of International Economic Issue: Case Study of Tilletia Controversa Kuehn

A.P. Shutko
Globalization as a process of world economic, political and cultural integration requires strengthening of control over dangerous plant diseases, pests and weeds. This is evidenced by strengthening of phytosanitary requirements in some countries (the People's Republic of China imposed a ban on wheat...

Food and Ecological Safety of Grape By-Products

P.R. Tagirova, M.S. Khasikhanov, G.I. Kasyanov, S.S. Saydulaev, Erzhapova Masaeva, Malaev R.S., Dzhankhotov M.D., А.А.
The import substitution program contributed to intensive growth of domestic viticulture and winemaking. In the southern regions of Russia, more than 250 thousand tons of grapes are processed into juice and wine every year. More than 50 thousand tons of grape pomace can be used for producing more than...

On The History of Formation and Ways of Penetration of the Relict Dendroflora into Chechnya and Adjacent Territories

M.A. Taysumov, M.A.-M. Astamirova, A.M. Umaeva, Z.I. Shahgireeva, A.S. Abdurzakova, R.S. Magomadova, S.A. Israilova, R.M. Umarov
The article provides a detailed review of scientific publications devoted to the study of the forests of the North Caucasus starting with the relict tertiary flora replaced by the alpine vegetation of the ice age (Kuznetsov N.I., Medvedev Ya.S.), followed by the steppe and highland-siccocolous formations...

The Efficiency of Impervious Protection of Hydraulic Structures of Irrigation Systems

Mikhail A. Bandurin, Irina F. Yurchenko, Victor A. Volosukhin, Vladimir V. Vanzha, Alexander V. Mikheyev
To prolong the service life of hydraulic structures of irrigation systems and dams there were developed and patented method and device of creating impervious coating of irrigation channels, impervious geotextile coating of low-pressure earthen dams, a device for sealing butt joints of trays providing...

Reclamation Measures to Ensure the Reliability of Soil Fertility

Irina F. Yurchenko, Mikhail A. Bandurin, Victor A. Volosukhin, Vladimir V. Vanzha, Alexander V. Mikheyev
The analysis of farming systems functioning on reclaimed lands shows the need to improve their operation, based on the greening of reclamation activities, primarily within the protection of soil from degradation, its preservation and reproduction of soil fertility. Modernization of procedures for planning...

The Influence of Genetic Factors on the Productivity of Holstein Cows

Anzhelika Yevgenievna Belenkaya, Nina Ilyinichna Tatarkina
The article presents the data on productive and reproductive qualities of cows of Holstein breed depending on genetic factors. The cows of the line by R. Sovering were characterized by higher productive qualities during their first and third lactation. Cows of all three lines are characterized by the...

Identifying Mobile Indicators that Reflect the Functioning of Biological Systems Depending on the Environmental Factors

Svetlana Failievna Sukhanova, Ruslan Musarbievich Bischokov
Mobile indicators have been established (productive indicators, biological indicators and natural resistance) that show a high degree of susceptibility to influence of various external factors, including feeding ones. A large influence quantity of the feeding factors onto poultry productivity was established,...

Criteria for Assessing the Quality of Cultivable Land in Land Use Optimization

Dmitry А. Danilov, Alexander L. Ilves, Lyudmila P. Smolina
One of the tasks of land use optimization is to exclude low-quality, unprofitable for agriculture land from active agricultural use. Preliminary it is advisable to carry out an indicative assessment of the volume of possible cultural and reclamation activities. Obviously, if the area of unused plots...

The Interrelation of Agronomic Character and Mineral Nutrition as a Basis for Mathematical Model of Grain Growing in West Siberia

Diana Eremina, Natalya Otekina, Svetlana Kayugina
Modern agriculture strongly relies on mineral fertilizers that make it possible to increase the arable land productivity fast and cost-effective. The traditional use of fixed doses of mineral fertilizers under a free market economy is ineffective, as it does not reflect the character of soil fertility....

Biochemical Status of Animal Organism Under Conditions of Technogenic Agroecosystem

Rinat R. Fatkullin, Evgeniya M. Ermolova, Vladimir I. Kosilov, Yuliya V. Matrosova, Svetlana A. Chulichkova
The biochemical characteristic of the conditions of systems allows reviewing the nature and intensity of diseases (pathogenesis). To study the adaptation of the animal organism to the conditions of ecosystem pollution by toxic elements and to establish the specific metabolism routes, we have investigated...

Dermacentor reticulatus biorhythms in the Northern Forest-Steppe of the Tyumen Region

Yuri Valerievich Glazunov, Larisa Aleksandrovna Glazunova
Toforecast thenumberof ticks and take successful measures for decreasingthemin population it is necessary to know the features of their phenology in aparticular region. The majority of acarologists pays attention to the features of Ixodes persulcatus’activity as they transmitixodic infections. The proved...