International scientific and practical conference "AgroSMART - Smart solutions for agriculture" (AgroSMART 2018)
Innovative Technologies of Cultivation of Crops in the Era of the Digital Economy
N.V. Abramov, S.A. Semizorov
Based on long-term stationary and field experiments (1977-2017), the optimal parameters of soil fertility (gray forest, dark gray forest, leached chernozem) were established. The highest economically and ecologically justified productivity of agrocenoses is obtained when the density of addition for cereals...
Nutrient Concentration of Straw during its Degradation in the Conditions of Forest-Steppe Zone of Trans-Urals
Anastasiya Akhtiamova, Oksana Kulyasova
Based on the economic reasons, the agrarians refused to apply organic fertilizers on arable land. Nowadays, to obtain high yields of agricultural crops, agrochemicals have been actively used, which led to organic matter shortage entering the soil. Straw, as a by-product, is usually removed from fields,...
Use of Kinematic Analysis For Rational Choice of Parameters and Modes of Tillage Disc
A. P. Akimov, V. I. Medvedev, V. P. Mazyarov, Yu. V. Konstantinov, G. S. Yunusov, L. M. Rybakov
The paper gives a method to determine a blade line element cutting angle of tillage inclined and vertical flat disks. Formulas are obtained for the blade line element cutting angle of discs, depending on its geometric and operating parameters. Similar dependencies based on the angle, characterizing soil...
Operating Staff Optimization in Case of Headed Cabbages Mechanical Harvesting Under Adaptive Technologies
S. S. Alatyrev, A. S. Alatyrev, P.V. Misihin, N. N. Pushkarenko, O. V. Mikhailova, Yu.V. Loskutov, M.S. Volkhonov, S.A. Ovchukova
A cabbage combine harvester adapted to technological schemes of harvesting is proposed: bulk shipment of heads in the vehicle bed and shipment of heads on flexible flooring with a subsequent delicate packing in containers in the vehicle bed. The machine harvesting process of headed cabbage under the...
Productivity of Young Aberdeen Angus and Hereford Breeds
Svetlana Sukhanova, Elena Alekseeva, Nikolay Lushnikov, Oksana Nazarchenko
The article presents an analysis of the development of beef cattle industry in the Kurgan Region, as well as the research results of the productivity of beef cattle. The studies were carried out in the Kurgan Region farms in 2013-2014. During the research the young stock of the Aberdeen Angus and Hereford...
Stability of Flour Mixture under Various Storage Conditions with Addition of Fenugreek Seed Powde
Lyudmila V. Anisimova, Osama I. A. Soltan
This paper investigates storage stability (165-day period) of whole oat flour obtained by hydrothermal treatment and stored at 40 degrees Celsius in cloth bags and flour mixture containing 66.7 percent of whole oat flour obtained by hydrothermal treatment, 13.3 percent of fenugreek seed powder, 6 percent...
Content of Trace Elements in Plant Raw Materia
A.V. Fyodorov, O.A. Ardasheva, D.A. Zorin
The paper deals with the analysis of trace element composition of stevia plant raw material. The stevia plant is able to regulate excess of toxic elements and to selectively accumulate essential elements. The essential element content in the plant raw material does not exceed the acceptable standards...
Productive Qualities of Beef Cattle Breeds in the conditions of the Southern Trans-Urals
A. A. Bakharev, O. M. Sheveleva, K.A. Fomintsev, K. N. Grigoriev, B.Zh. Bugasov
The paper deals with the topic of the development of the beef cattle breeding industry in the Tyumen region. The dynamics of the productive qualities of French beef breeds for a fifteen-year breeding period in the conditions of the south of the Tyumen region are analyzed. The object of the study is imported...
Conformation Traits of Salers Cattle of Different Genetic and Ecological Generations
Aleksey Bakharev, Olga Sheveleva, Svetlana Aleksandrova, Evgeny Renev, Andrey Koshchaev
The paper describes the conformation traits of Salers beef cattle raised in the Tyumen region. The studies were conducted on first-calf cows of different generations. The imported animals belong to the zero generation, their offspring belong to the 1st generation, and the grandchildren - to the 2nd genetic...
Characteristics of Leather and Hair Covering of Nenets Deer
Aleksey Bakharev, Aleksey Aleksandrovich Bakharev, Olga Mikhailovna Sheveleva, Svetlana Sergeevna Aleksandrova, Evgeny Petrovich Renev, Andrey Georgievich Koshchaev
The paper presents the characteristics of leather and hair of Nenets deer of different age and sex groups. The results obtained in the course of study indicate that the hair covering is much better in young animals. With age, there is a gradual decrease in the hair thickness and a slight increase in...
The Efficiency of Impervious Protection of Hydraulic Structures of Irrigation Systems
Mikhail A. Bandurin, Irina F. Yurchenko, Victor A. Volosukhin, Vladimir V. Vanzha, Alexander V. Mikheyev
To prolong the service life of hydraulic structures of irrigation systems and dams there were developed and patented method and device of creating impervious coating of irrigation channels, impervious geotextile coating of low-pressure earthen dams, a device for sealing butt joints of trays providing...
Reclamation Measures to Ensure the Reliability of Soil Fertility
Irina F. Yurchenko, Mikhail A. Bandurin, Victor A. Volosukhin, Vladimir V. Vanzha, Alexander V. Mikheyev
The analysis of farming systems functioning on reclaimed lands shows the need to improve their operation, based on the greening of reclamation activities, primarily within the protection of soil from degradation, its preservation and reproduction of soil fertility. Modernization of procedures for planning...
Modeling of Kinetics of Mass-Exchange Processes for Fruit and Berry Production Preservation
Yu.G. Bazarnova, T.A. Kuznetsova, E.B. Aronova
At preservation of fruits and berries mass-exchange processes take place in liquid mediums, which define quality of the canned production. The composition of covering syrup should guarantee preservation of turgor, taste and color of fruits and berries and prevent fermentation processes. We carried out...
The Influence of Genetic Factors on the Productivity of Holstein Cows
Anzhelika Yevgenievna Belenkaya, Nina Ilyinichna Tatarkina
The article presents the data on productive and reproductive qualities of cows of Holstein breed depending on genetic factors. The cows of the line by R. Sovering were characterized by higher productive qualities during their first and third lactation. Cows of all three lines are characterized by the...
Influence of Paratypic Factors on the Productivity of Holstein Cows
A. E. Belenkaya
The article presents the dataset on the influence of paratypic factors on the productivity of Holstein cows. The best indicators of productivity were revealed in the cows with a live weight of 400-449 kg at the first successful conception. The milk yield amounted to 8863.2 with a fat mass fraction of...
Barley Productivity and Protein Content: Fertilization Effect
Raisa Belkina, Andrey Vasilyev, Mikhail Gubanov, Vera Gubanova
The results of study of yield and protein content in grains of chaffy and naked barley in the experiment with the increasing rates of mineral fertilizers were described. The relationship between the nitrogen content in the leaves of barley plants and protein content in grains were calculated. For the...
Investigation of Ultrasonic Dough Processing Influence on Bread Quality
N. A. Berezina, A. S. Komolikov, T. V. Galagan, V. V. Rumyanceva, I. A. Nikitin, I. V. Zavalishin
The positive influence of ultrasonic radiation on the fermenting microflora of the semi-finished dough product and the quality of bakery products is determined. The experiments were performed with the help of experimental ultrasonic radiators with a frequency of 100 ± 6 kHz and 20 ± 2 kHz. The ultrasonic...
Modern Methods of Etiotropic Therapy and Preventive Measures in Dogs Suffering Dirofilariasis
Nadezhda Bespalova, Sergey Semenov, Tatyana Zolotykh
The paper presents the core findings of a study aimed at therapeutic efficacy of domestic antiparasitics such as Inspector Total C and Helmimax on the basis of moxidectin used for etiotropic therapy and prevention of dirofilariasis in dogs. The dogs were infested by D. immitis and D. repens nematodes...
Identifying Mobile Indicators that Reflect the Functioning of Biological Systems Depending on the Environmental Factors
Svetlana Failievna Sukhanova, Ruslan Musarbievich Bischokov
Mobile indicators have been established (productive indicators, biological indicators and natural resistance) that show a high degree of susceptibility to influence of various external factors, including feeding ones. A large influence quantity of the feeding factors onto poultry productivity was established,...
Complex Resistance to Leaf Diseases of Spring Barley in Leningrad Region
Lyubov M. Bondareva, Tatiana N. Radyukevich, Lyudmila I. Kartasheva, Dmitry A. Danilov
The article presents a study of the comparative characteristics of new promising lines of spring barley L1623 (nutans), L1505 (pallidum) and standards of varieties Suzdalets (nutans) and Leningrad (pallidum) on resistance to leaf diseases in various meteorological conditions of the growing season of...
Effect of Enzyme Preparations with Endo-Xylanase and Exo-Peptidase Activities on the Bread Quality, Dough Properties and Fractional Composition of Wheat Gluten Proteins
A.A. Nevsky, N.V. Tsurikova, G.F. Dremucheva, M.V. Nosova, I.A. Velikoretskaya, D.M. Borodulin
Enzymes (EN) are widely used in many countries with purpose to adjust the quality of flour in baking and milling industries. It is known that the combined application of EN with endo-xylanase and exo-peptidase activities provides a higher positive effect in the bread quality compared to the use of EN...
Theoretical and Experimental Studies of Energy Consumption in Rotor Fertilizer Spreaders Operation
Alexey Dmitrievich Brovchenko, Anatoliy Petrovich Dyachkov, Nikolai Petrovich Kolesnikov, Vitaliy Anatolievich Sledchenko
Here, theoretical studies of energy consumption in rotor fertilizer spreaders operation have been given. Multi-blade rotor fertilizer spreaders have been suggested to enhance quality of fertilizer distribution. Expressions for determining all the elements of total power on the rotor shaft, such as power...
Reduction of Energy Consumption in the Siberian Agricultural and Food Sector: Priority Measures
Irina Chirkova, Alexey Bolgov, Igor Kulazhenok, Peter Pershukevich, Ludmila Tyu
Basing on the results of energy consumption monitoring during greenhouse vegetables and fish products production possibilities to reduce energy consumption have been determined. It can be done by investing into additional energy saving equipment, design changes in the main equipment stock, improving...
Criteria for Assessing the Quality of Cultivable Land in Land Use Optimization
Dmitry А. Danilov, Alexander L. Ilves, Lyudmila P. Smolina
One of the tasks of land use optimization is to exclude low-quality, unprofitable for agriculture land from active agricultural use. Preliminary it is advisable to carry out an indicative assessment of the volume of possible cultural and reclamation activities. Obviously, if the area of unused plots...
Production Engineering of the Low Fat Meat Products
М М Danyliv, M.M. Danyliv, O.A. Vasilenko, O.N. Ozherelieva, N.M. Derkanosova
One of the most significant factors in the prevention of cardiovascular diseases is the nutritional factor. According to the report of the World Health Organization, an unhealthy lifestyle, unhealthy diet, bad habits make up 80% in the formation of heart diseases. Cooked sausages, produced according...
Growing Corns by Grain-Growing Technology in Siberia
Evgeniy Demin, Dmitry Eremin
The development of animal husbandry in Siberia has led to the necessity to form stable fodder base at the expense of domestic products. Many producers and scientists consider the corn as the most promising culture. It is the integral component at the creation of a high-energy forage for farm animals...
Study of Self-Fertilization of Alfala Medicago L. in Northern Trans-Urals
N.N. Dyukova, A.S. Kharalgyn
In our research, 27-29% of alfalfa plants formed beans during self-pollination in the I_1 -I_2 generations. At the same time, there was an increase in the number of plants that bound the beans under insulators in a closed flower without auto-tripping. This means that it is possible to obtain alfalfa...
On Effectiveness of Growth Regulators for Presowing Seeds Treatment of Soybean
Lyudmila Valeryevna Eliseeva, Ivan Petrovich Eliseev, Olga Varsanofieva Kayukova, Georgy Anatolyevich Mefodiev, Svetlana Veniaminovna Filippova
To increase the acreage of soybeans, it is necessary to introduce agrotechnical methods that promote its earlier maturation and increase the productivity of plants. The object of research was the soybean variety SibNIIK 315, the seeds of which were processed before sowing with Ekopin, Lignohumate and...
Dynamics of Total Content of Antioxidants in Vegetable Products
Svetlana A. Eliseeva, Alla A. Smolentсeva, Olga I. Irinina
In the article the authors give the results of the study of the total antioxidant activity of fresh vegetables, vegetable semi-finished products after heat treatment and in the process of refrigerating storage, dried vegetables, and vegetable cryopowders when designing functional food products. Determination...
Fertility of Arable Chernozems of Western Siberia during Long-Term Application of Mineral Fertilizers
Western Siberia is the area of risk farming; however, it has always been and still remains a promising region for the development of modern agriculture. Unlike well-developed European chernozem or black soil, their Siberian counterparts are unstable to the anthropogenic impact. Therefore, the farming...
Agroeconomic Rationale for Applying Mineral Fertilizers to Cereal Crops in West Siberia
In a market economy, agricultural enterprises have switched to a new system for planning and justifying the arable yielding capacity. Soil cover patterns in West Siberia are very diverse. From an economic point of view this raises certain difficulties relating to the formation of crop yields. The given...
The Interrelation of Agronomic Character and Mineral Nutrition as a Basis for Mathematical Model of Grain Growing in West Siberia
Diana Eremina, Natalya Otekina, Svetlana Kayugina
Modern agriculture strongly relies on mineral fertilizers that make it possible to increase the arable land productivity fast and cost-effective. The traditional use of fixed doses of mineral fertilizers under a free market economy is ineffective, as it does not reflect the character of soil fertility....
Changing Soil Fertility in Chernozems of Western Siberia as a Result of Prolonged Plowing
Diana Eremina, Galina Selyukova, Svetlana Selyukiva
Agriculture in Western Siberia is a dynamically developing sector that has its firm foundation in results of agricultural research. Plowing-up of high-fertility soils led to changes in the direction of soil formation. It reflected in their quality and productivity. Vastly increased anthropogenic burden...
Applying QFD to Quality Management of Biologically Active Additives
E. Ermolaeva, J. Dymova, O. Zhukova, A. Mikhaylova
QFD is a system to convert customer expectations to fit the relevant requirements of an industry at each stage of the product development from the research stage through design and production to sales. This study uses QFD approach to determine the requirements for biologically active additives, popular...
Biochemical Status of Animal Organism Under Conditions of Technogenic Agroecosystem
Rinat R. Fatkullin, Evgeniya M. Ermolova, Vladimir I. Kosilov, Yuliya V. Matrosova, Svetlana A. Chulichkova
The biochemical characteristic of the conditions of systems allows reviewing the nature and intensity of diseases (pathogenesis). To study the adaptation of the animal organism to the conditions of ecosystem pollution by toxic elements and to establish the specific metabolism routes, we have investigated...
Accumulation of Mineral Nutrients in Leaves of Momordica Charantia L. And Trichosanthes Cucumerina L. Grown Using Grafting
A. Fedorov, S. Musikhin, I. Fatykhov, D. Zorin, O. Ardasheva
The article examines accumulation of macro- and microelements in the leaves of Momordica charantia L. and Trichosanthes cucumerina L. grown using a grafting method. It contains data on the content of key mineral nutrients in the leaves of examined crops. It marks high calcium content in the leaves, reaching...
The Impact of Biologies and Chemicals on Winter Wheat Diseases, Yield and Grain Quality
Vasily Fedotov, Nadezhda Podlesnykh, Sabir Kadyrov, Diana Chtedrina, Oleg Stolyarov
The use of intensive technologies is the cornerstone of receiving heavy yields of winter wheat. However, the agro-technology intensification is impossible without the use of pesticides increasing ecological tension which is enough already in the field husbandry. In this regard the application of alternative...
Potatoes Tuberous Reproduction Productivity Dependence On Seedlings Growing Technique
S. A. Filippova, L.V. Eliseeva, G.A. Mefodiev, L. G. Shashkarov
The analysis of various methods of obtaining potatoes seedlings was conducted. The study objects were the first and second tuberous reproduction of the hybrid generative progeny of the Nikulinsky and Breeze varieties. The aerial portion of potato plants was estimated by their height. The yield structure...
New Generation Varieties of Spring Oats Selected for Areas with the Climate as in Ural, Siberia and the Far East of Russia
Mariya Fomina, Galina Tobolova, Anna Lyubimova
New varieties of spring oats Otrada and Foma have been created in the Northern Trans-Ural Agricultural Research Institute. Midseason varieties are resistant to drowning and shedding, and mid resistant to spring-and-summer drought, have potential productivity of 7,0 - 8,0 t/ha. The top grain yield of...
Raw Materials of the Far Eastern Region are a Valuable Source of Micronutrients In Human Nutrition
N.A. Frolova, I. Y. Reznichenko
The article proposes a complex scheme of processing of fruit and berry and animal raw materials as a valuable source of physiologically valuable ingredients in human nutrition. The chemical composition of the powder of reindeer antlers and juice and phyto-powders of berries, cranberries was carried out...
On Fitotoxicity and Possibility to Utilize Boiling Lye During Grass Cellulose Producion by Innovative Methods
Minnegali Yusupovich Gilyaziv, Fannur Shuakatovich Fashutdinov, Ragat Vagizovich Minikaev
New grass cellulose production technology from straw has been developed in Republic of Tatarstan. It can give a new impact to steady development of agriculture areas. Fitotoxicity of boiling lye during grass cellulose production has been studied. This allows grounding ways of its utilization in agriculture....
Dermacentor reticulatus biorhythms in the Northern Forest-Steppe of the Tyumen Region
Yuri Valerievich Glazunov, Larisa Aleksandrovna Glazunova
Toforecast thenumberof ticks and take successful measures for decreasingthemin population it is necessary to know the features of their phenology in aparticular region. The majority of acarologists pays attention to the features of Ixodes persulcatus’activity as they transmitixodic infections. The proved...
Acaricidal Efficacy Against Ticks Delcid
Yuri Valerievich Glazunov, Larisa Aleksandrovna Glazunova
In the Northern Trans-Ural region ticks are dangerous to animals as carriers and reservoirs of viruses and parasitic diseases. New compositions with prominent acaricidal qualities, the majority of which belong to the group of synthetic pyrethroids, are being constantly created against ticks. In the search...
Abyphipr - Perspective Insecticide on the Basis of Fipronil and Abomectin for Combating Zoophilnium Flies - Intermediate Bells of Belts
Larisa Aleksandrovna Glazunova, Yuri Valerievich Glazunov
Cattle thelaziasis is widespread on many continents. The disease is characterized by damage to the organs of vision, the development of conjunctivitis, keratitis and corneal ulcers, the development of panophthalmia is often observed, and therefore, animals are culled. Since the vector of invasion is...
Regional Private Farming: from Theory to Practice
O.N. Goncharenko, L.B. Medvedeva
The paper considers the experience of private farming in the agro-industrial region, based on the theoretical insights of prominent Russian economists including A.V. Chayanova. Through output statistics, expert interviews as of 2018 and the results of the 2016 survey, it reveals the main positive phenomena...
Fuzzy Modeling in the Management of the Lumber Drying Process: Formalization of uncertainties in the problem
V.V. Gorokhovsky, V.V. Pobedinsky, A.G. Gorokhovsky, E.F. Hertz, E.E. Shishkina, A.A. Pobedinsky
The problem of lumber drying is considered. The relevance of the research is due to the need to improve the system of automated control of the technological process of drying lumber on the basis of modern information technologies, reducing the energy-intensity of these technologies, which is enshrined...
Synthesis of a Fuzzy Model in Matlab for Automatic Control of the Drying Process
V.V. Pobedinsky, A.G. Gorokhovsky, E.F. Hertz, E.E. Shishkina, A.A. Pobedinsky
The paper considers the relevant issue of improving wood drying, reducing the energy intensity of these technol-ogies, primarily by means of automated process control systems based on modern information technologies. To take into account the uncertainties of the input parameters and the influencing factors...
Aggression of European Dark Bee and Possibility of its Decrease by Selection
Nikolay N. Grankin, Ekaterina A. Fomina, Svetlana N. Bakina, Angela P. Tyapkina, Tatyana V. Fedyaeva
The paper presents the results of the study of the adaptive behavioral trait of workers of European dark bees' subspecies. The significance of the study is due to the need to decrease the level of aggression of European dark bees and increase its adaptability. The materials of the paper are aimed at...
Characterization of High-Producing Cows by their Immunogenetic Status
S.L. Gridina, V.F. Gridin, O.I. Leshonok
The selection of high-producing cows into the group of cows carrying bull calves is of great importance for successful breeding as for a single farm, as for the industry in the whole region. Present work analyses the productivity of the cattle herd in Sverdlovsk region. It was established that the percentage...
Agronomic Characters of Hulless Barley Collection
Vera Mikhailivna Gubanova, Mikhail Valerievich Gubanov, Anatoly Alexandrovich Gryaznov
The research was conducted in 2011-2013 in the northern forest-steppe of the Tyumen region. The vegetation period of hulless barley samples ranged from 63 to 80 days. The samples with the length of stages - seedling-heading - 38-42 days and heading-ripening - 29-33 days produced the yield higher than...
Research of Effect of Protein-Containing Additives on Pasta Quality and Biological Value
Galina Aleksandrovna Osipova, Natalia Aleksandrovna Berezina, Tatiana Vladimirovna Seregina, Evgenia Viktorovna Hmeleva, Igor Alekseevich Nikitin, Igor Vladimirovich Zavalishin
The paper presents the results of complex studies on protein enrichment of pasta products as a mass consumption product. Meat products, legume flour and isolates of plant proteins were used as protein-containing additives. The analysis of results of experimental studies on the protein content and essential...
Analysis of Contemporary Trends in Production of Sugar Products from Non-Traditional Raw Materials and Their Practical Use
Valentina Vladimirovna Rumjanceva, Natalia Aleksandrovna Berezina, Evgenia Viktorovna Hmeleva, Julia Vladimirovna Penkova, Viktoriya Vladimirovna Kolomytseva
All over the world, the requirement for sugary products is mainly satisfied by sugar products made from sugar beet, cane raw sugar or glucose syrup. Most of the current technologies of producing syrup, glucose, glucose-fructose syrups are based on the starch processing of different origins. For bakery...
Tiered Learning Technology for Competitive Experts in Agricultural Industry
M.V. Vinogradova, L.I. Iakobiuk
The paper presents the experience of tiered learning technology in the training of competitive experts for agricultural industry. It provides the author's approach to this technology in the study of mathematics, proposes three differentiation levels taking into account proficiency and professional orientation...
Influence of Cross-Breeding on Breed Features of Burzyan Bees
Arina S. Ishimguzhina, Aglyam Ya. Sharipov
The Burzyan population (Apis mellifera mellifera L.) of honeybees is considered the purest European dark bee breed in Russia. However, it is losing its thoroughbredness these days since its gene pool is intensively disturbed by southern imported bees. If left unaddressed, the brand asset of the Republic...
Contamination of Malting Barley by Toxigenic Fungi of Genera Fusarium and Cochliobolus
Olga Ivanchenko, Olga Baranova, Marina Danina
Nowadays investigations of safety assessment of foods might be carried out using nanotechnologies. Apart from medical diagnostics, PCR is now used in investigations of genetics analysis, discovering of genetically modified products and identification of microbial contaminants of food material. Contamination...
Using New Generation Additives in Highly Productive Cattle Feeding
I.Ye. Ivanova, А.S. Ivanova
High-producing cows react to insufficient and low quality feeding which results in productivity loss. That is why, ration should be balanced with all nutritious and biologically active substances with the use of highly effective special additives. Microelements and vitamins deficit can be reduced by...
Microbiocinosis Formation in Birds Kept in Captivity
Sh. Kakhramanova, N. Yakimenko, А. Martynov, L. Kletikova, V. Turkov, V. Pronin
Keeping swans in captivity leads to changes in their microbal background. The study of mucous membranes of larynx and cloaca as well as bedding and pool water aiming at investigation of composition of both residential and pathogenic microflora in swans was carried out. For this purpose cultural-biochemical,...
General Calculation Principles of Structurally-Unstable Soils Deformation
Tatiyna Grigorievna Kalachuk, Karina Alexandrovna Kara
A building or a construction is erected on the soil foundation. Its stability, reliability and operation are determined not only by design solutions, but also by soil properties. The main reason for load-bearing structures’ deformation is the uneven or excess foundations slumping. So, the primary problem...
Revisited Formation of Morphological Features of Gray Forest Soils of West Siberia
Topsoils of Western Siberia have not been studied in sufficient detail. The causes of it are a variability of soil formation rocks, specifics of relief in the territory, human activities, and inaccessibility of some territories. When moving to precise agriculture, lack of exact information on typology...
Assessment of Milk Production Competitiveness in Southern Areas of Tyumen Region
Svetlana M. Kayugina
The paper identifies the main criteria defining the competitiveness of milk producers in the market. They incude the level of marketability, selling price, cost, profitability, and quality of milk. The differentiation of southern areas of Tyumen region from the perspective of milk production competitiveness...
The Yield of Early Potato Varieties of Domestic Breeding, Depending on the Level of Mineral Nutrition in the Northern Forest-Steppe of the Tyumen Region
Anastasia Afonasevna Kazak, Yury Pavlovich Loginov, Ksenia Alekseevna Kendus
Research was conducted in 2013-2016. on the experimental field of the Northern Autonomous Urals SAU in the area of the Instructional Farm. The soil is leached chernozem, heavy loam in particle size, moderately supplied with nutrients, ph-6,7. The study of the mineral nutrition level in early varieties...
Design of Rotary Tillage Work Tools as Per Agro-Ecological Requirements
Yu. F. Kazakov, V. I. Medvedev, P. V. Mishin, P. V. Zaitsev, V. V. Belov, S. A. Ovchukova, N. V. Obolensky, G. S. Yunusov
The use of narrow-cut vane rotary work tools for the formation of furrows and grass seeds sowing in the sod layer promotes protection from water erosion when slope tillage. Methods to form an irregular curve blade working surface are proposed. It is a sector of the closed helical surface of constant...
Amino acid Composition and Biological Value of milk of Galshinsky-Breed Cows During Adaptation
Lubove Khromova, Galina Levina, Natalia Bailova, Artem Petrine
The aim of the research was to study, considering the modern requirements of amino acid, composition and biological value of milk proteins of Holstein cows, imported from the Netherlands, during the adaptation period in the agricultural holding "EkoNivaAgro" (Voronezh region) with the level of milk yield...
Factors Influencing Livability of Simmenthal Rearers from Birth to Transition Perio
Galina Levina, Alexander Nazarenko, Lubove Khromova, Clement Tikhonov
This research is aimed at studying the diseases and livability of Simmenthal rearers (Kursk oblast, 4011 animals were born in 2012…2017) in a herd with the yield of more than 7 thousand kg of milk per animal. It has been determined that 3.8% of rearers died in the span from birth until the age of 6 months,...
Improving Quality of Crystalline Glucose as Priority for Development of Its Technology
L. S. Khvorova, N.D. Lukin
Crystal glucose is one of the main products of starch production, pharmaceutical and food industries, veterinary medicine. Great demands are placed on the quality of crystal glucose to minimize impurities and improve microbial purity. The article discusses the sources and causes of impurities in crystals,...
Resource-Saving Approach to Planning of Repair-Maintaining Influences
Under current conditions of development of the agri-industrial complex, one of the most important factors providing the readiness of the technics for performance of agricultural works is the financial resources directed at purchase of expendable materials and carrying out scheduled operations of preparing...
Disc Seeder with the System for Automative Tracking Of Sowing Depth
Sergei Nikolaevich Kokoshin, Anatoly Sergeevich Kizurov, Boris Olegovich Kirgintsev
Observance of the depth of sowing of grain crops within the limits established by agro technical requirements is a guarantee of high yield. When the disc coulter moves in the soil, a variable resistance force acts on it, which affects the seeding depth and the qualitative characteristics of the shoots....
Technological Approaches to Cider Quality
Anna Kolobaeva, Olga Kotik
The purpose of the study was to determine key parameters influencing the quality of cider. Six apple grades of different ripeness period were considered: Ulyanishchev's Memory, Berkutovskoye, Ligol, Rossoshanskoye Striped, Bogatyr, and Lobo. All fruits were grown in the pomological garden of Voronezh...
Power - and Resource-Saving Electric Lighting Technologies in Agricultural Engineering for Protected Soil
Nadezhda Petrovna Kondrateva, Nikolai Vasilyevich Obolensky, Roman Gennadyevich Bolshin, Andrey Ivanovich Baturin, Marina Gennadievna Krasnoluckaya
Analysis of works of prominent scientists Brown (1886), Blackman (1905), Richter (1914), Emerson (1956), Warburg (1956), Mekkelson (1959), Rabinovitch (1961), Prischep (1971), Kozinsky (1978), Korzh (1975), Bolshina (1985) and others has shown that photosynthesis includes light-dependent and light-independent...
Influence of Flaxseed Flour on Dough Rheology from Wheat-Flaxseed Meal
S.I. Koneva, E.Yu. Egorova, L.A. Kozubaeva, S.S. Kuzmina, A.S. Zakharova
To add new raw materials to the bread recipe in order to increase the nutritional value is associated with the changes of the properties of the dough. First of all, these changes relate to the fermentation processes and rheological properties. Flax can be used for directional modeling of food value of...
Issues on Diffusion of Digital Payment Innovations in Agribusiness in Russia
Olga Korobeynikova, Dmitry Korobeynikov, Tatiana Dugina
The article states that to achieve the advanced development in agrarian sector and to ensure food sovereignty of Russia it is required to introduce a digital economy model. Diffusion of financial digital innovations into agriculture can occur through industrial adaptation of platforms and technologies,...
Use of Biotechnological Preparations in Pig Breeding
Olga Kovaleva, Natalia Sannikova
Biotechnological processes cover not only biological safety, but also environmental, economic, technological and food security. A special place in the system for adequate feeding of animals becomes preparing food for feeding and especially ensuring the needs of animals with all necessary nutrients and...
Pregnant Cows and Heifers Blood Profile Comparison
Anna Ivanovna Kozitсyna, Larisa Yurievna Karpenko, Alesya Aleksandrovna Bakhta, Anna Borisovna Balykina, Abram Israelovich Enukashvili
This research is aimed to establish stress intensity in pregnant cows and compare it with metabolism load in heifers. This issue has been important due to significant intensification of dairy production in recent decades. The organism of a dairy cow is under a constant load, especially in heavy-yielding...
Theoretical Justification of Optimal Design and Process Parameters of Pneumomagnetic Separation
V.G. Kozlov, E.A. Izvekov
The preparation of high-quality seed grains at seed-testing stations requires their magnetic cleaning. In case of pneumomagnetic separation, the seed mixture particle is affected by various forces, which intensity and direction change depending on design requirements of the inductor and the particle...
Analysis of the Etiological Structure of Subclinical Mastitis in the South of the Tyumen Region
S.V. Kozlova, E.P. Krasnolobova, S.A. Veremeeva
The article analyses the data of bacteriological studies of milk taken from dairy cattle for mastitis identification in 2015-2017. The studies involved standard methods to identify germ cultures and investigate their morphological and biological parameters determining the species of the germs. Microbiological...
Insecticide Efficacy of Medicines During Cats Flea Infestations in Tyumen
D.S. Kruglov, O.A. Stolbova
The paper presents the results of therapeutic efficiency of Komfortis, Foresto and Fitoelita medical agents used during flea infestation among domestic cats. For the study, the animals were divided into three groups 10 animals each. Clinical, hematologic and special research methods were conducted during...
Labor as One of the Core Values of a Competitive Expert in Agricultural and Engineering Industry
Svetlana V. Kulikova, Nadezhda N. Malchukova, Tatyana A. Konova
The education at any higher educational institution shall focus on students' ability to predict and correct their future activity within general cultural competences. The paperconsiders labor as one of universal human values aimed to improve the intelligence level of future engineers thus accelerating...
Condition of Forest Soils Under Plantations Of Scots Pine of Various Age in the Forest-Steppe Zone of Trans-Ural
The paper contains an analysis of fertility changes in dark gray forest soils under man-made forests of Pinus sylvestris (L.) with the age of 15; 30; 45 and 60 years. The studies were performed in the territory of a forest enterprise located in Abatsky district of Tyumen oblast, in the northern forest-steppe...
Use of Bio-Modified Raw Materials of Plant And Animal Origin in Technology of Functional Foods
Elena Kurchaeva, Aleksandеr Vostroilov, Natalya Derkanosova, Evgeny Artemov, Igor Maksimov, Svetlana Kalashnikova
Development of prescription solutions using plant additives based on the principles of combinatorics is promising in the food industry and is widely used. Studies of the health of the population of Russia, the structure of nutrition, the body's food substances, conducted by the Institute of nutrition...
Use of Inulin and Topinambur Food Fibers in Meat-Based System with Addition of Rabbit Meat
Elena Kurchaeva, Natalya Derkanosova, Evgeniya Shencova, Igor Maksimov, Aleksander Vostroilov, Natalya Kashirina
The purpose of the article is to evaluate the approaches to topinambur dietary fibers and inulin utilization in production of emulsified meat products that favour the regulation of gastrointestinal tract processes. The methods based on maximal water and fats absorption and retention were used to evaluate...
Influence of Probiotic Preparations on Meat Quality of Farm Animals
Elena Kurchaeva, Galina Ovsynnikova, Aleksandеr Vostroilov, Igor Maksimov
The use of probiotic additives that contribute to the normalization of microbiocenosis of the animal body, as well as their resistance to pathogenic microflora, which ultimately affects the increase in meat productivity is promising for the livestock industry. The aim of the research was to study the...
Optimization of Multiphase Technological Process Based on Simulation Modeling
Valentin N. Kurochkin
An industrial experiment and simulation modeling have been conducted in order to study process optimization possibilities. Regularities of multiphase agricultural technological process functioning on the example of harvesting transport system were the object of the study. The regularities appearing during...
Herbal Remedies Role in Improving Cows' Milk Safety and Quality
G. A. Larionov, O. Yu. Checheneshkina, R.N. Ivanova, M.G. Terentyeva, V.A. Alekseev
Production of safe and high-quality milk with the disease of cows with mastitis is the relevant objective. In the production of milk, it is necessary to strictly observe the technology and the veterinary and sanitary rules for milking, to carry out timely diagnosis and treatment of cows with subclinical...
Quality of Varieties of Spring Soft Wheat Grain and their Ranking for Baking Strength
Yulia Alexandrovna Letyago, Raisa Ivanovna Belkina
The article presents the results of the determination of the index (the ratio of the actual indicator to the standard for strong wheat) of the nature of the grain, the mass fraction of gluten in the grain, the strength of the flour, the bread volume and the overall baking evaluation for wheat varieties...
Comparison of Potato Chlorophyll Fluorescences Variables and Analysis of Clusterization
Yi Lee, Ya. M. Ivanyo, V.I. Solodun, V.V. Verkhoturov, S.P. Burlov
The article presents the results of comparative analysis of chlorophyll fluorescence parameters of four potato hybrids: "Sante?Granat", "27004", "28034-7", "9635-30" and "Sarma", a widespread variety in Irkutsk region. The values of chlorophyll fluorescence parameters have been received by the method...
Quality Indicators of Special Products with Target Functional Properties
Evgeniya Yu. Lobach, Marina G. Kurbanova, Alexander N. Avstrievskikh, Valeriy M. Poznyakovskiy
The work develops the formulation and technology for probiotic candies enriched with bifidobacteria (bifidobacterium adolescentis) and lactobacteria (lactobacillus plantarum and lactobacillus acidophilus) in respective amount of (CFU/100 g) at least 5.0 *109 and 5.0 *108.. The feature of the technology...
Feeding and Meat Quality of French Cattle Breeds in the Northern Trans-Ural
Olga Sheveleva, Sergei Loginov
The article presents the results of scientific and farming-based experience in growing and fattening cattle of French meat breeds compared with the Hereford cattle breed. The study resulted in identifying the efficiency and expediency to use French meat breeds, such as charolais and obra, which were...
Origin of Wild Types and Their Value for Selection of Cultural Potatoes (A Review)
Yu. P. Loginov, A. A. Kazak, L.I. Yakubyshina
The largest discovery of C. Columbus is not only the continent of America, but also the potato culture, which later became the main food of the population around the globe. South America is the primary genetic center of origin for many potato species. Wild species were formed here during the landscape...
Design Facilities for Air-Lift Fishery and their Effectiveness
Taras Lyapota, Mikhail Bandurin, Vladimir Vanzha, Victor Volosukhin, Alexander Mikheyev
The withdrawal of a huge amount of water for needs of municipal and agriculture, for industry and energy production significantly affects the reduction of fish stocks and reduce the economic potential of fishery water bodies. To protect aquatic fauna, water diverting structures should be equipped with...
Component composition of oat prolamins in A. strigosa Schreb., A. abyssinica Hochst., A. byzantina C. Koch. and A. sativa L.
Anna Lyubimova, Dmitry Eremin
Modern selection and seed development widely use biotechnology methods for creation of new intense cultivars and subsequent monitoring of biotypical composition. Among those methods is using storage proteins (prolamins) for analysis of genetic diversity. Prolamins and avenins are used for assessment...
Variety Check as an Element of Precision Farming in the Modern Agriculture
Anna Lyubimova, Dmitry Eremin
Maintaining constant biotypical composition of cultivars and control of their varietal purity are the mandatory requirements for achieving stable high yields of crops. Method of prolamin electrophoresis has been successfully applied for the varietal purity control of batches of original and reproduction...
Spreading of Sarcoptes Scabiei, as Psoroptes Cuniculi on Rabbits and Otodectes Cynotis on Domestic Carnivores
This article presents the results of the research of spreading Psoroptes cuniculi on rabbits and Otodectes cynotis on domestic carnivores during 2014 - 2017 in the territory of the Tyumen region. The studies were conducted by the standard methods: clinical, acarologic, haematologic. The epizootological...
Feasibility of Assessing the Developing Human Capital for the Regional Agriculture
Natalia Medvedeva, Tatiana Agapova, Nina Proka
Based on the analysis of the factors, influencing human capital in agricultural industry, this research puts forward the methodological approach to assessing the feasibility of its developmental forecasts. As an example, the article cites the purpose-oriented scenarios of human capital development in...
Influence of Mineral Fertilizers on Winter Wheat Yield
Ksenia Moiseeva, Alexander Karmatskiy, Anastasia Moiseeva
The article considers the issue revealing the impact of slow-acting nitrogen fertilizers on the formation of leaf area and winter wheat productivity. A number of research was conducted in 2014-2017 in the forest-steppe zone of the Tyumen region, on leached chernozem, a predecessor is pure steam. In the...
Theoretical Detection of Udder Coordinates under Optical Method of Manipulator Positioning
N.V. Mukhanov, D.V. Barabanov, A.V. Krupin, A.M. Abalikhin, S.A. Marchenko
Since the 2000s, we can talk about rapid development of high technologies. Technically complex devices equipped with a variety of systems and sensors became an essential part of our daily life and their absence is difficult to imagine. Technological processes, which until recently were carried out only...
Impact of Irrigation on Pedologic and Physical Conditions of Farm Soils
L.M. Tatarintsev, V.L. Tatarintsev, P.A. Myagkiy
The work was carried out on Novotroitsk irrigation massif located in dry steppe zone of Al-tai Krai. The paper studies the impact of long-term irrigation (10–15 years) by water from Ob River fed via Kulunda main canal on the parameters of ameliorative condition of chestnut soils. The re-sults discover...
Studying the Carbon-Dioxide-Driven Freezing of Turkey Meat
Evgeny Nikolayevich Neverov, Yevgeniy Nikolayevich Neverov, Igor Alekseyevich Korotky, Yelena Valerievna Korotkaya, Aleksandr Nikolayevich Rasschepkin
In recent years for refrigerated processing of poultry, development and introduction of different apparatuses operating on the principle of the direct contract with carbon dioxide have been conducted. The disadvantages of the used contact apparatuses operating using carbon dioxide are: relatively low...
The Structure and Productivity of Winter Durum Wheat Subject to Pre-Sowing Treatment
Nadezhda Podlesnykh, Nadezhda Galochkina
The paper studies the productivity of winter durum wheat of Zolotko variety subject to the treatment of seed grains with the preparations Poly-Feed, Plodorodiye Sibiri, Vitazim, Agat-25K, Micromak, potassium humate applied separately and in the mixture of Poly-Feed + Plodorodiye Sibiri + Vitazim followed...
Using Capillary Electrophoresis to Determine Acrylamide in Bakery Products
I.V. Kruchina-Bogdanov, L.P. Nilova, S.M. Malyutenkova, N.V. Naumenko
The work objective is to identify the content of acrylamide in bakery products through capillary electrophoresis. For identification, we used the "Kapel 105-M" capillary electrophoresis system with spectrophotometric detection. The study was targeted at bakery products made of top-grade wheat flour by...
Consort Relations of Elements of Arid Agrocenoses as Mechanism for Managing Their Stability and Productivity in Lower Volga Region
Elena Ivantsova, Nikolay Onistratenko, Anna Kholodenko
The need to ensure sustainable development of the agricultural complex in the face of increasing aridity, as well as the need to reduce product contamination with xenobiotics, makes agricultural producers turn to the achievements of environmental science and practically use the general patterns of the...