Proceedings of the Twelfth Conference on Applied Linguistics (CONAPLIN 2019)

A Conversation Analysis of Repair Strategies in Indonesian Elementary EFL Students

Authors
Tita Novitasari, Ernie D. A. Imperiani
Corresponding Author
Tita Novitasari
Available Online 9 April 2020.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.200406.042How to use a DOI?
Keywords
Conversation Analysis, EFL students, repair strategies, repair techniques
Abstract
This study investigated the types of repair strategies and techniques of repair initiation used by Indonesian elementary EFL students during the classroom interaction with their teacher. The participants were elementary EFL students at the beginner level. By using qualitative research, the study used four types of repair strategies by Schegloff, Jefferson, and Sacks (1977) and techniques of repair initiation from Finegan (2008). The data were taken from video recorded of classroom interactions that were transcribed by applying Jefferson Transcription Notation (2004). The findings of the study revealed that the students used all types of repair strategies. The most frequently is OISR which obtained 23 occurrences (37.1%). Besides, the three techniques were found in the conversation. Asking questions toward the problem is the dominant one which 31 occurrences (50.0%). Another technique was revealed which is giving a possible understanding of the problem. The results show that the speakers produced the trouble source more which affected the recipient to initiate asking for the repair, meaning that the trouble source identified by the teacher, but the students repaired. The trouble source that appeared was affected by the students’ proficiency and the lack of topic knowledge. Also, the teachers initiated asking for an explanation to raise the students’ ability in terms of their English knowledge and speaking fluency. However, the teacher should allow the students to repair their trouble source or problem themselves.
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Volume Title
Proceedings of the Twelfth Conference on Applied Linguistics (CONAPLIN 2019)
Series
Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research
Publication Date
9 April 2020
ISBN
978-94-6252-952-6
ISSN
2352-5398
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.200406.042How to use a DOI?
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.

Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Tita Novitasari
AU  - Ernie D. A. Imperiani
PY  - 2020
DA  - 2020/04/09
TI  - A Conversation Analysis of Repair Strategies in Indonesian Elementary EFL Students
BT  - Proceedings of the Twelfth Conference on Applied Linguistics (CONAPLIN 2019)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SP  - 207
EP  - 211
SN  - 2352-5398
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.200406.042
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.200406.042
ID  - Novitasari2020
ER  -