A Conversation Analysis of Repair Strategies in Indonesian Elementary EFL Students
- 10.2991/assehr.k.200406.042How to use a DOI?
- Conversation Analysis, EFL students, repair strategies, repair techniques
This study investigated the types of repair strategies and techniques of repair initiation used by Indonesian elementary EFL students during the classroom interaction with their teacher. The participants were elementary EFL students at the beginner level. By using qualitative research, the study used four types of repair strategies by Schegloff, Jefferson, and Sacks (1977) and techniques of repair initiation from Finegan (2008). The data were taken from video recorded of classroom interactions that were transcribed by applying Jefferson Transcription Notation (2004). The findings of the study revealed that the students used all types of repair strategies. The most frequently is OISR which obtained 23 occurrences (37.1%). Besides, the three techniques were found in the conversation. Asking questions toward the problem is the dominant one which 31 occurrences (50.0%). Another technique was revealed which is giving a possible understanding of the problem. The results show that the speakers produced the trouble source more which affected the recipient to initiate asking for the repair, meaning that the trouble source identified by the teacher, but the students repaired. The trouble source that appeared was affected by the students’ proficiency and the lack of topic knowledge. Also, the teachers initiated asking for an explanation to raise the students’ ability in terms of their English knowledge and speaking fluency. However, the teacher should allow the students to repair their trouble source or problem themselves.
- © 2020, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
- Open Access
- This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).
Cite this article
TY - CONF AU - Tita Novitasari AU - Ernie D. A. Imperiani PY - 2020 DA - 2020/04/09 TI - A Conversation Analysis of Repair Strategies in Indonesian Elementary EFL Students BT - Proceedings of the Twelfth Conference on Applied Linguistics (CONAPLIN 2019) PB - Atlantis Press SP - 207 EP - 211 SN - 2352-5398 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.200406.042 DO - 10.2991/assehr.k.200406.042 ID - Novitasari2020 ER -