Proceedings of the International Conference on Educational Sciences and Teacher Profession (ICETeP 2018)

Development of a Learning Module Based on Biofuel Synthesis Laboratory Research from CPO Residual of Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME) with Ultrasonic Irradiation Assistance

Authors
Agus Sundaryono, M. Lutfi Firdaus, Nurlia Latifah, Arsela Eko Listiono
Corresponding Author
Agus Sundaryono
Available Online April 2019.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/icetep-18.2019.57How to use a DOI?
Keywords
biofuel; CPO; ultrasonic irradiation; module; POME
Abstract
Indonesia is the largest palm oil producer in the world, of which 19 Palm Oil Mills (POM) are in Bengkulu Province. POM in Bengkulu generally processes palm fruit bunches into Crude Palm Oil (CPO) with the by-products of Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME) which contains CPO residues (CPO-res) as much as 0.6-1.2%. CPO-res are cheap raw materials for the manufacture of biofuels. The purpose of this study was to develop a module based on laboratory research of synthesis of biofuel. Synthesis of biofuels was done by esterification with an acid catalyst, followed by a trans esterification using a base catalyst, both reactions are carried out with ultrasonic irradiation assistance at a frequency of 45 kHz, temperature 60°C, for 30 minutes. This laboratory research was then developed as a module; the module was then used in learning chemistry after being validated by expert judgment. The biofuel has a density of 0.852 g / mL, kinematic viscosity of 1.692 cSt, fog point = 8.84 ° C, pour point = 11°C, acid number = 1.122 mg KOH / g oil and water content = 0.739%. Modules developed from research into biofuel production after being validated by expert judgment on good value (4.71) at the level of trustworthy validation trust (0.846) can be used in learning organic chemistry.
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Proceedings
International Conference on Educational Sciences and Teacher Profession (ICETeP 2018)
Part of series
Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research
Publication Date
April 2019
ISBN
978-94-6252-695-2
ISSN
2352-5398
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/icetep-18.2019.57How to use a DOI?
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.

Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Agus Sundaryono
AU  - M. Lutfi Firdaus
AU  - Nurlia Latifah
AU  - Arsela Eko Listiono
PY  - 2019/04
DA  - 2019/04
TI  - Development of a Learning Module Based on Biofuel Synthesis Laboratory Research from CPO Residual of Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME) with Ultrasonic Irradiation Assistance
BT  - International Conference on Educational Sciences and Teacher Profession (ICETeP 2018)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SP  - 239
EP  - 243
SN  - 2352-5398
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/icetep-18.2019.57
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/icetep-18.2019.57
ID  - Sundaryono2019/04
ER  -