Proceedings of the 2014 International Conference on Physics and its Applications

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37 articles
Proceedings Article

Effects of Stack Position on the Optimum Performance of a Thermo-acoustics Refrigeration System using ABS (Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene) Stack Material

Ida Bagus, Wisnu Hendradjit
In this paper, the optimum thermo-acoustic stack position was investigated. Two types of parallel-plate stacks made of celluloid negative film and ABS materials were selected and investigation was carried out over three working frequencies. The ABS stack revealed that the farther of the stack position...
Proceedings Article

In Situ Measurements of Speech Intelligibility in a Private University’s Classrooms in Jakarta, Indonesia

Joko Sarwono, Indra Sihar
This paper discusses in situ measurements of the speech intelligibility of classrooms in a private university in Jakarta. Seven classrooms with and without stepping students seating area are evaluated. Impulse Response method is used to measure the acoustics condition of the classrooms. Their speech...
Proceedings Article

Earthquake Microzonation and Strength Building Evaluation at Gelora Bung Tomo Stadium Surabaya Using Micro-Tremor Method

Pebrian Tunggal, M. Ihkyaul, M. Aris
Surabaya has alluvial domination that causes high rise of implication. This research is to know the natural frequency of building and ground, the damping ratio and earth quake micro-zoning. We use FSR (Floor Spectral Ratio) and RDM (Random Decrement Method) method for building analysis, and HVSR (Horizontal...
Proceedings Article

Modification and Characterization a New Polymer Chitosan-p-t-butylcalix[4]arenes

Desi Suci, Triana Kusumaningsih, Arbianti Restuti
Modification of chitosan by p-t-butylcalix[4]arenes has been conducted using a nucleophilic subtitution reaction between chitosan, p-t-butylcalix[4]arenes and N,N-diisopropyl carbodiimide (DIC) in reagent dichlorometane at room temperature and under nitrogen atmosphere. Analysis structure of the chitosan-p-t-butylcalix[4]arenes...
Proceedings Article

Implications of Twilight Sky Brightness Measurements on Fajr Prayer and Young Crescent Observation

Dhani Herdiwijaya
The morning and evening twilight brightness are important to probe the properties of the upper atmosphere. We conducted a short survey of broad band twilight sky brightness measurements by using a portable photometer with 5 second resolution, in five places with different elevations. The darkest zenith...
Proceedings Article

Residual Strain in Welded Joint of Pre-Strained Steel Plate

Ignatius Henry, Triyono Triyono, M. Refai, Nurul Muhayat
The measurement of internal residual strain on the elastic, yield and plastic pre-strained of SS400 during welding had been performed using neutron diffraction technique. SS400 steel has been welded using gas metal arc welding (GMAW) in pre-strained condition of 0%, 1%, 3%, and 5%. This paper will present...
Proceedings Article

The Effect pf Non-Homogenous Perforation Pattern on Sound Absorption Bandwidth of Micro-Perforate Panel

Iwan Prasetiyo, Joko Sarwono, Indra Sihar
Absorption bandwidth of conventional Micro-Perforated Panel backed by air cavity is limited around 1 octave bands particularly for pore diameter close to 1 mm. Compared with porous material, the absorption bandwidth is relatively narrow. Hence, its applications may become limited. This research shows...
Proceedings Article

The Electrical Hysteresis Loop and Polarization Value of BaZrxTi1-xO3 Multilayer Films Material at Different Annealing Temperature (x = 0.1 and 0.08) based on Sawyer Tower Circuit

La Ode, Muhammad Hikam, Bambang Soegijono, Arief Sudarmaji
The crystallographic properties and ferroelectric state of BZT multilayer films which deposited on Si (100) substrate was studied in this work. XRD pattern peaks show that BaZr0.1T0.9O3 and BaZr0.08Ti0.92O3 are found well-crystallized at 800oC for 3 hours corresponding to vary annealed temperature. The...
Proceedings Article

Synthesis of Zinc Oxide (ZnO) Nano Particles Using Sol Gel Method as Active Material on Gas Sensor

Slamet Widodo, Tony Krsitiantoro
Gas sensor was needed to detect and the presence of gas, either for toxic gas or non toxic gas. The one of the important part in gas sensor instrument are the metal oxide. There are some ways to make metal oxide for sensing material of gas sensor; the one is sol-gel process. The purpose of this experiment...
Proceedings Article

Development of Human Postural Balance Monitoring System in Bipedal Standing

Yakub Fahim, Rony Wijaya
A monitoring of human postural balance in bipedal standing is an important parameter in medicine, related to balance disorder. A Human Postural Balance Monitoring System in Bipedal Standing (HPBMSBS) consists of a 3- axis digital position sensor module, a Programmable System-on-Chip (PSoC) 4, and a PC-display....
Proceedings Article

Perforated Flexible Membrane Insertion Influence on The Sound Absorption Performance of Cavity Backed Micro Perforated Panel

Harjana Harjana, Iwan Yahya
Sound absorption performance of cavity backed perforated panel on respect to the influence of flexible perforated membrane insertion was investigated by using a laboratory experiment. A layer of perforated flexible membrane was fitted inside the cavity backed MPP and the sound absorption coefficient...
Proceedings Article

Study of Induced Current Electrical Impedance Tomography Configuration on 2 Dimensional Rectangular Object

Dudi Darmawan, Deddy Kurniadi, Janivita Sudirham, Suyatman Suyatman
Sensitivity issue becomes a common problem on Electrical Impedance Tomography. One effort to overcome this issue is through inducing a magnetic field. It needs proper inducer coil configuration in order to produce a good reconstruction result. In this study, inducer coil configuration is obtained to...
Proceedings Article

Embedded-based Instrumentation System for Electrical Resistivity Measurement on Conductive Concrete using Four-Electrode Method

La Ode, Prawito Prawito, Arief Sudarmaji
Instrumentation system for testing of conductive concrete material using four-electrode method has been built. The system can measure material resistivity under the influence of voltage-injection variable, temperature changing in the characterization reactor, as well as the duration of the material characterization....
Proceedings Article

The Development of Polypropylene Itaconate (PPIA) for the Film Sensor as Preliminary Study for Meat Distinguisher

Atmanto Heru, Silami Dwi, Ryan Crysandi, Ninis Makhnunah, Budi Purnama, Ari H Ramelan, Henning Storz
A thin film of PPIA synthesized from polycondensation reaction of itaconic acid (IA) and 1,3-propanediol (PDO) with spin coating method has been made. To develop the film property, various glycerols (gly) were added during reaction to form PPIA film with 10%, 30%, 50%, and 70% of the total weight of...
Proceedings Article

Transmittance Simulation of Surface Textured Fluorine Doped Tin Oxide (FTO) for Dye Sensitized Solar Cell (DSSC) Application

Kusumandari Kusumandari, Risa Suryana
The aim of this research is to simulate the transmittance of fluorine doped tin oxide (FTO) for dye sensitized solar cell (DSSC) application. Simulation was performed using finite difference time domain (FDTD) method based on Maxwell equation for flat and nano cone periodically surface textured of FTO....
Proceedings Article

Cavity Sound Pressure Enhancement of the Second Generation Power Generating Helmholtz Resonator with X-shaped Cavity Junction

Iwan Yahya, Harjana Harjana, Eqi Muqowi
Cavity sound pressure level is a very important measure when dealing with the design of resonator based power generating sound absorbers and sound diffusers. This paper presents results from experimental study of the performance of the second generation iARG-X2 power generating Helmholtz resonator. The...
Proceedings Article

Numerical Entropy Production of Shallow Water Flows along Channels with Varying Width

Sudi Mungkasi
We study the behavior of numerical entropy production of shallow water flows along channel by varying width. The topography is assumed to be horizontal, but the channel width can be in an arbitrary shape. The flows are governed by the system of shallow water equations. These equations are numerically...
Proceedings Article

Double steps leaching and filtration in caustic fusion method to produce zirconia from local zircon concentrate

Fitria Rahmawati, Ita Permadani, Syoni Soepriyanto, Dani Syarif, Eddy Heraldy
A research on caustic fusion method of zircon concentrate has been conducted with applied single and double steps of leaching and filtration. The aims of research are to produce zirconia, ZrO2, with high purity, to study its crystal structure and cell parameters and also comparing the results of single,...
Proceedings Article

Manufacture of Nanocomposites Based On Microfibrillated Cellulose and Polylactic Acid

Lisman Suryanegara, Hiroyuki Yano
This study evaluates the manufacturing process of microfibrillated cellulose (MFC) reinforced PLA nanocomposites using a semi-crystalline grade of polylactic acid (PLA). The objective of this study was to obtain uniform dispersion of MFC in a PLA compound of semi-crystalline grade of PLA. The nanocomposites...
Proceedings Article

Handling Performance Investigation on Geometrical Frame of Three Wheels Vehicle

Wibowo Lutfiyanto, Triyono Triyono, Sinki Sinki, Nurul Muhayat
The aim of investigation was to analyze geometrical effects of frame on vehicle handling. Analysis had been done on prototype of three wheels vehicle. The prototype was designed using revolute joint frame to gain better vehicle handling. Revolute joint frame on the vehicle prototype could be set up into...
Proceedings Article

Preparation and Characterization of Hybrid Polymer-Inorganic Solar Cells Sub-Module

Erlyta Septa, Fauzie Rachman, Abdul Hafid
In this study, we propose a method for preparation of hybrid polymer solar cell sub-module, which is achieved by internally series-interconnection of 3 (three) single hybrid polymer solar cells based on MDMO-PPV and ZnO blend on a flexible substrate. The structure of the device was ITO/PEDOT-PSS/ZnO:MDMO-PPV/Ag....
Proceedings Article

Performance Improvement of Flexible Dye-sensitized Solar Cells by Addition of Larger TiO2 Particle as Scattering Layer

Lia Muliani, Mariya Q., Jojo Hidayat, Erlyta Septa
The performance of dye-sensitized solar cells (DSC) is affected by its components such as photoelectrode material, dye-sensitized, electrolyte, substrate and counter electrode materials. In this study, we investigated the effect the addition of larger TiO2 particle as a scattering layer to the TiO2 nanoparticle....
Proceedings Article

Development of Amperometric Biosensor Immobilized by Entrapment of Urease Enzyme in Polypiroll Film for the Determination of Blood Urea

Pratondo Busono
Accurate determination of blood urea concentration has gained a great clinical interest, especially for diagnosing kidney failure or lever malfunctioning. The biosensor can provide a fast response and accurate measurement about blood urea concentration. In this research, a method for fabrication of a...
Proceedings Article

Study on Polycarbosilane Fibers Cured by Thermal Process and Electron Beam Irradiation

Jan Setiawan, Pranjono Pranjono, Ryan Saptaaji, Suyatman Poertadji, Sigit Sigit
A non wovenpolycarbosilane (PCS) fibers was successfully produced by electrospinning and processed by a thermal curing and electron beam curing. PCS solution composition was 1.2 g/ml PCS with 30% N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF)/70%toluene and the applied voltage at 10 kV in spinning process. The PCS fibers...
Proceedings Article

Vibration Measurement Instrument Design Based on Fluxgate Sensor for Early Warning of an Earthquake Disaster

Yulkifli Yulkifli, Syafriani Syafriani, Dewi Sidiq, Rahadi Wirawan
Earthquake phenomena can be observed and monitored using the presence of vibration. In order to monitor the vibration, fluxgate sensor can be applied based on magnetic flux change. In this research, a vibration measurement instrument based on the fluxgate sensor for an earthquake monitoring application...
Proceedings Article

Cow Cement Sensor Based On Coil - Resistance Temperature Detector (C-RTD) Coupled with Four Wire Configuration Bridge (4-WCB)

Moh. Toifur, Bagus Haryadi, Riswanto Riswanto
Low Temperature Detection System on cow cement flask base on RTD-coil coupled by transducer 4-WCB has been made. Four kinds of sensor was prepared, that’s are coils from copper material with diameter 1 mm and set number of winding from 200 up to 500. Four-WCB circuit was chosen as transducer to facilitate...
Proceedings Article

Identification ofCalcium Carbonate (CaCO3) Characteristics from Different Kinds of Poultry Eggshells Using X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) and Fourier Transformation Infra-Red (FTIR)

Musrifah Cahya, Nuun Marfuah
Initial studies have been conducted to study the properties of calcium carbonate (CaCO3) from a wide range of poultry such as domestic chicken eggshell, Chicken Broiler egg shell, duck egg shell and quail egg shell. This initial study was conducted to determine whether the initial identification of a...
Proceedings Article

Structural and Dielectric Properties of Yttrium doped Multiferroic Bismuth Ferrite (Bi1-xYxFeO3, x = 0, 0.18) Synthesized by Sol-gel Method

Suharno Suharno, Muhammad Hikam, Bambang Soegijono, Moh. Toifur
Pure and Y-doped BiFeO3 have been synthesized by sol–gel method. the gel have been heated at 150°C for 3 h, the low-temperature heating treatment was given to obtain uniform, homogenous, and smaller size. The crystal BiFeO3 have been found after dried and grounded followed by calcination at 750°C for...
Proceedings Article

Effect of Thermal Treatment and Relative Humidity on The d-spacings of Poly(ethylene glycol) Montmorillonite Nanocomposites

Khairuddin Khairuddin
The effect of temperature and relative humidity on the d-spacing of montmorillonite (MMT) clay in Poly(ethylene glycol) Mw 600 (PEG600) nanocomposites prepared by solution casting has been investigated, since it can be significantly affected by any associated water. X-ray diffraction (XRD) traces were...
Proceedings Article

Hybrid Particle Swarm Optimization-Fuzzy Inference System for Premature Atrial Contraction Detection

Nuryani Nuryani, Iwan Yahya, Anik Lestari
This article presents a new technique to detect a premature atrial contraction (PAC). The technique employs a hybrid of particle swarm optimization (PSO) and fuzzy inference system (FIS), and is called PSO-FIS. In the detection electrocardiographic features are used for the inputs of PSO-FIS. In PSO-FIS,...
Proceedings Article

Study of EHD Flow Produced by Pin-Dual Ring Concentric Electrodes Generator

Sumariyah Sumariyah, Zaenul Muhlisin, Evi Setiawati
The aim of this research is study of Electrohydrodynamic (EHD) flow by discharge corona generator with electrodes configuration of Pin- Dual Ring Concentric. We measured the velocity of EHD flow with electrodes configuration of Pin- Dual Ring Concentric and compare the result to Pin-Single Ring electrodes....
Proceedings Article

Characterization of Solar Cells Based Natural Chlorophyll and P3HT Polymer

Agus Surpyanto, Fahru Nurosyid, Yofentina Iriani, Kuwat Triyana, Ari H. Ramelan
Characterization of organic solar cells based organic material and polymer using natural chlorophyll and P3HT have been investigated using current-voltage (I-V) Keithley 2602 instrument. Chlorophyll is extracted from Spirulina sp by column chromatography method. It is found that the absorbance spectra...
Proceedings Article

Effect of Pre-Strain on The Longitudinal Residual Strain of Dissimilar Metal Welded Between Stainless Steel and Carbon Steel

Susilo Luhur, Triyono Triyono, M. Refai, Nurul Muhayat
Welding process is generally used in manufacturing industry. It usually produces distortions in the weld metal. To reduce distortion, one of the methods used is the pre-strain. This study aims to determine the effect of pre-strain during welding process on the residual strain of dissmilar metal weld...
Proceedings Article

Synthesis of Indium Oxide (In2O3) Nano Particles Using Sol Gel Method as Active Material on Gas Sensor

Slamet Widodo, Nanang Sudrajat
Synthesizing of indium oxide (In2O3) nano particles using sol-gel process as an active sensing material of gas sensor has been carried out. As starting material, indium acetate/In(CH3COO)3 was dissolved in diethylene glycol and heated up at 1300C until homogeneity is achieved. Nitric acid (HNO3) was...
Proceedings Article

Design and Simulation Fuzzy Neuro Generalized Learning Vector Quantization-PI (FNGLVQ-PI) on Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA)

Ricky A. Daniel, M. Anwar Ma'sum, Grafika Jati, Wisnu Jatmiko
Classification is a machine learning technique that used widely for various applications. One of the classification algorithm is FNGLVQ that can be used to solve several types of classification problem in previous research. On the other side, Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) is an instrument currently...
Proceedings Article

2D Set Partitioning In Hierarchical Tree (SPIHT) On Embedded Devices For Multilead ECG Signal Compression

Grafika Jati, M. Anwar Ma'sum, Wisnu Jatmiko
Heart disease is the number one cause of death in the world according WHO data. One of the mayor cause is the lack of cardiologists. One of the proposed solution is tele-electrocardiograph (Tele-ECG) system. However, the sizeof ECG data recorded from patient is not small. Therefore, it must be compressed...
Proceedings Article

The Effect of Magnetcic Field on the Phase Transition of Swollen Liquid Crystal Elastomers

Warsono Warsono, Pekik Nurwantoro, Kamsul Abraha
The effect of magnetic fields on the swelling of liquid crystal elastomers (LCE) dissolved in liquid crystal (LC) solvent have been studied. The Flory-Huggins model used to calculate the free energy of an isotropic mixing and the Maier-Saupe model used to calculate the free energy of a nematic mixing....