Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Separation Technology 2020 (ICoST 2020)

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40 articles
Proceedings Article

Synergistic Formulation for Turquoise Blue Dye Extraction Using Mixed Trioctylamine/Cyanex 302 in Liquid-Liquid Extraction System

Norela Jusoh, Norasikin Othman, Nurfarahin Mohd Amin, Raja Norimie Raja Sulaiman, Norul Fatiha Mohamed Noah, Syahira Nurulashikin, Muhammad Abbas Ahmad Zaini
This study presents the synergistic liquid-liquid extraction (LLE) of turquoise blue dye through the formulation of synergist extractants in the organic liquid phase, their extraction mechanism, as well as the selection of the best stripping agent. The results showed that a single extractant provides...
Proceedings Article

Efficient Delignification of Pineapple Waste by Low-Pressure Steam Heating Pre-Treatment

Norhafiza Nordin, Rosli Md Illias, Nor Hasmaliana Abdul Manas, Aizi Nor Mazila Ramli, Nur Izyan Wan Azelee
Fermentable sugars synthesized from pineapple waste (PW) biomass can be potentially used to supplement increasing demand for the application in fine chemicals, pharmaceuticals, agriculture, cosmetics, and many more. To produce fermentable sugars, pre-treatment process is required to break the complex...
Proceedings Article

Comparative Study on Bioactive Constituents and Extraction Procedure of Malaysian Medicinal Plants: A Review

Hasmida Mohd-Nasir, Zarith Asyikin Abdul Aziz, Wong Lee Peng, Siti Hamidah Mohd-Setapar
This article aims to provide an overview on bioactive constituents and extraction procedure used of Malaysian medicinal plants. Search on the electronic databases including “ScienceDirect’, ‘Scopus, and ‘Web of Science’ was done based on related keywords, ‘Malaysia’,’ medicinal plant’ and ‘extraction...
Proceedings Article

Effect of Process Parameters on the Production of Cyclodextrin Using Cyclodextrin Glucanotransferase From Bacillus licheniformis

R. C. Man, S. Selvanathan, S. M. Shaarani, Z. I. M. Arshad, S. K. A. Mudalip, S. Z. Sulaiman
Cyclodextrin (CD) is a non-reducing oligosaccharides constituted by variable number of units of glucose. CD has a doughnut-shaped molecule with hydrophilic outer surface and hydrophobic inner cavity. Such structure features enables CD to form inclusion complexes with guest compound. CD is produced by...
Proceedings Article

Central Luconia Carbonate Build-Ups: A Review and Future Outlook

Adeleke Teslim Oyediran, Ahmed Mohamed Ahmed Salim, Abd Al-Salam Abduh Saeed Almasgari
It is known that carbonate reservoirs account for about half of the world’s oil and gas reserves but not many have been put to production. In Central Luconia, Offshore Sarawak, Malaysia for example, there are about 200-250 known carbonate buildups that can account for between 40-70% of the country’s...
Proceedings Article

Sonication Technique Application on Cellulose Producing Bacteria Acetobacter xylinum

Muhamad Elias Alamin Kamaludin, Ida Idayu Muhamad, Saiful Izwan Abd Razak
Cellulose is abundantly obtained from plant however the main drawback it has to be extracted from its source and purified by chemical separation process to remove the hemicellulose and lignin. Certain bacteria such as Acetobacter xylinum produce cellulose during fermentation process. This technique is...
Proceedings Article

Valuation of Industrial Water Quality on Coconut Composite as Filter Media

Sazali Said, Iqbal Adnan, Norisha Shabri, Ahmad Syafiq, Shafiq Azman, Shahrizan Yusoff
Deterioration of surface water quality is the effect of anthropogenic activities in research areas due to rapid industrialization. The study was conducted to determine the spatial variation of the water quality of the industrial water effluent following the Malaysian National Quality Standard (MNQS)....
Proceedings Article

Saponins Rich Fractions From Eurycoma longifolia Extract

Abirame Segaran, Lee Suan Chua
Eurycoma longifolia which is a renowned folk medicinal herb in South East Asia is rich in saponins. This study investigated the different extraction and fractionation techniques of saponins from the roots of the plant. Organic solvents such as acetone and ethyl acetate were used to precipitate and partition...
Proceedings Article

Solvent Partition for Terpenoid Rich Fraction From Crude Extract of Eurycoma longifolia

Nurul Izzati Mohd Ismail, Lee Suan Chua
The root of Eurycoma longifolia or locally called as Tongkat Ali contains numerous health benefits, mainly due to the bioactive compounds. The main compound of interest is from the group of quassinoids which is also known as degraded triterpenoids such as eurycomanone, eurycomalactone, longilactone,...
Proceedings Article

Concentration of Cucumber Juice Using Progressive Freeze Concentration for Total Phenolic Content Increment

Nur Nabilah Hanani Mohd Rosdi, Norshafika Yahya, Zaki Yamani Zakaria, Roshanida A. Rahman, Mazura Jusoh
Concentration process of cucumber juice is an essential step in cucumber extracts and juice production in the industry in order to minimise the volume and weight for storage and handling purposes besides to keep the quality of the products. Enriching total phenolic content (TPC) in cucumber juice that...
Proceedings Article

Wound Healing and Antioxidant Activities of Swietenia Macrophylla Seed and Syzygium Aromaticum Bud

Nur Alaina Baharom, Nur Salsabila Md Norodin, Mohamad Khairul Hafiz Idris, Mohd Amzar Mohamed Zahari, Liza Md Salleh
This study analysed the wound healing and antioxidant activities of Swietenia macrophylla seed and Syzygium aromaticum bud. The antioxidant activity of Swietenia macrophylla seed and Syzygium aromaticum bud were determined using diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) scavenging assay. The cytotoxicity activity...
Proceedings Article

Application of Natural Starch Coagulant Followed by Membrane Filtration for the Elimination of Color From Stabilized Leachate

Zaber Ahmed, Mohd Suffian Yusoff, N.H Mokhtar Kamal, Hamidi Abdul Aziz
The existence of humic substances is the key factor for antagonistic coloration of stabilized landfill leachate, which is a remarkable pollutant parameter. To examine the performance of natural starch from oil palm trunk (OPTS) like a coagulant is the focus of the current study, for the removal of color...
Proceedings Article

Metals Hydroxide Activation of Casuarina Empty Fruit for Methylene Blue and Congo Red Removal

Fadina Amran, Muhammad Abbas Ahmad Zaini, Asmadi Ali
Casuarina equisetifolia empty fruit has been utilized as activated carbon material because it is abundantly available in nature. The fruit was activated by metals hydroxide, namely potassium hydroxide and sodium hydroxide for dyes adsorption. The present work was aimed to evaluate the adsorption properties...
Proceedings Article

Effect of Pretreatment of Carbon Black Derived From Pyrolysis Waste Tire on Adsorption of Ammonium Ion in Aqueous Solution

Nurul Balqis Mohamed, Norzita Ngadi, Khairudin Ahmad, Saat Talib, Anwar Johari, Agus Arsad, Syieluing Wong
Ammonium ion is an common pollutant which exist in municipal sewage, fertilizer plant discharge and agriculture wastewater. This study aims to investigate the potential of carbon black (from pyrolysis of tire waste) and modified carbon black on the adsorption of ammonium ion in aqueous solution. The...
Proceedings Article

Optimally Efficient Biodiesel Conversion From Used Cooking Oil by Zeolite Supported Calcium Oxide Catalyst

Nurul Saadiah Lani, Norzita Ngadi, Roshanida A. Rahman, Zaki Yamani Zakaria, Agus Arsad, Mimi Haryani Hassim
Biodiesel is conventionally catalyzed by homogeneous catalyst such as sodium hydroxide or potassium hydroxide, which possesses several disadvantages as they are difficult to separate from biodiesel products and require a multiple neutralization step. Therefore, the usage and development of heterogeneous...
Proceedings Article

Screening Factors Influencing Adsorption of Methylene Blue Aqueous Solution Onto Immobilized Glycerine Pitch/Sodium Alginate Beads

Amir Asyraf Nasarudin, Norzita Ngadi, Noorhalieza Ali, Roshanida A. Rahman, Aziatul Niza Sadikin, Nor Adha Omar
Methylene blue (MB) as a basic dye usually found in coloring usage industries can cause several injuries to human health and body. The current trend of treating MB is by using several wastewater treating techniques and adsorption technology. However, adsorption technology was considered to be efficient...
Proceedings Article

Deep Eutectic Solvents as the New Norm for Oil and Gas Industry: A Mini Review

Vinayagam Sivabalan, Jai Krishna Sahith, Bhajan Lal
As the new type of green solvents, Deep eutectic solvents (DESs) might be the key to a better future. This mini review presents a brief discussion on the applications of DESs especially in oil and gas sector published in the past half a decade. Several reviews made on applications of DESs in different...
Proceedings Article

Investigation of CO2 Hydrate Formation in the presence of Gasoline

S. Jai Krishna Sahith, Vinayagam Sivabalan, Srinivasa Rao Pedapati, Bhajan Lal
In this research, an experimental investigation was carried out in the existence of gasoline on the Carbon Dioxide hydrate. This was done to replicate or Understanding the development of gas hydrates in multi-phase transmission pipelines. The experiments are conducted in a Rocking cell Gas hydrate reactor,...
Proceedings Article

Adsorptive Removal of Acetylsalicylic Acid in Wastewater Onto Crosslinked-Chitosan

Abu Hassan Nordin, Norzita Ngadi, Noor Fathiah Haziqah Othman, Nurul Afiza Razali, Walid Nabgan, Muhd Nazrul Hisham Zainal Alam, Syieluing Wong, Er Hong An
The detection of pharmaceutical such as acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) in water bodies has gained a great concern due to causing adverse effects on the environment. This study aims to explore the potential of magnetic crosslinked-chitosan (MACsorb) adsorbent in the removal of ASA. In the adsorbent synthesis...
Proceedings Article

CO2 Transportation via Hydrates and Liquefaction: Technical Analysis and Comparison

Manvindeep Kaur, Jai Krishna Sahith, Vinayagam Sivabalan, Bhajan Lal
Carbon capture, utilization, and storage (CCUS), has been deemed an essential component for climate change mitigation. Commercialization of CCUS requires an efficient transportation method of the captured carbon dioxide (CO2). Previous works have investigated the technological aspects for conventional...
Proceedings Article

Black Box Modelling and Simulating the Dynamic Indoor Air Temperature of a Laboratory Using the Continuous-Time Transfer Function Model

Shamsul Faisal Mohd Hussein, Noor Bazila Sharifmuddin, Mohd. Fitri Alif Mohd. Kasai, Abdulqader Omar Al-Rabeei, Amrul Faruq, Siti Munirah Zulkapli, Noorazizi Mohd Samsuddin, Sheikh Ahmad Zaki Shaikh Salim, Shahrum Shah Abdullah
The air conditioner is one of the devices that uses a high amount of electricity – more electricity consumption means more heat and greenhouse gases emitted to the environment if the electricity is generated by fossil fuel sources such as coal, diesel, natural gas etc. Energy-efficient control algorithms...
Proceedings Article

Oil Removal From Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME) by Using Kenaf Core (Hibiscus Cannabinus)

Nor Halaliza Alias, Luqman Chuah Abdullah, Thomas Choong Shean Yaw, Siti Nurul Ain Md Jamil, Ahmad Jaril Asis, Nur Haziqah Rusli
Increasing attention on the environmental issue especially the wastewater from the palm oil mill effluent (POME) has become one of the great concern to many researchers. The excessive amount of untreated POME may cause the reduction of oxygen and sunlight in the water, which in turn affects the aquatic...
Proceedings Article

Effect Bed Height on Adsorption of Cu(II) by Using Corncob Based Activated Carbon

Mohamad Firdaus Mohamad Yusop, Mohd Azmier Ahmad, Nasehir Khan E.M. Yahaya, Jamilah Karim, Muhammad Azroie Mohamed Yusoff, Noor Haza Fazlin Hashim, Nor Salmi Abdullah
A variety of toxic and harmful matters contribute to the severe impacts of water sources. Toxic pollutant such as heavy metals tend to deteriorate the environment vigorously due to its mobility. In this study, corncob based activated carbon (CCAC) was prepared for Cu (II) adsorption from aqueous solution....
Proceedings Article

The Development of Indoor Air Quality Pre-Assessment Tool for Determining Risk Level at Pre-School Building

M.A.A. Rahman, M. Awang, M.K. Musa, M.S.S. Mustafa, N. Hamidon, M.H. Khamidun, N. Hashim, F. Ahmad
A tool is constructed for Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) pre-assessment of pre-school buildings on the basis of a methodology that incorporates structured expert judgment and analytic hierarchy process (AHP). The tool calculates the level of indoor air pollutants such as Carbon Dioxide (CO2), Carbon Monoxide...
Proceedings Article

Factors Contributing to Carbon Emission in Construction Activity

Nadzirah Zainordin, Dhuny Bibi Fatimah Zahra
The construction industry has become one of the world’s biggest carbon emitter with the rapid urbanization process and rapid economic growth. It is actually believed that the built environment is a major contributor to a nation’s carbon emissions. The carbon emissions connected with the built environment...
Proceedings Article

Future Flood Forecasting in Bukit Merah Using HEC-HMS Software

Nuramidah Hamidon, Chin Jun Hong, Mariah Awang, Mohammad Ashraf Abdul Rahman, Faridahanim Ahmad, Kamaruzaman Musa, Fatimah Mohamed Yusof, Suraya Hani Adnan, Mohd Syafiq Syazwan Mustafa
Flood has occurred many times in Malaysia and it has greatly affected the residents that live in flood risk area such as Bukit Merah. Due to the climate change and land use changes issues, the flood and drought events seem to be occurred more frequently in larger scale in Bukit Merah. Therefore, the...
Proceedings Article

Advancement in Gas Hydrate Water Based Produced Water Desalination: An Overview

Sirisha Nallakukkala, Zamzila Kassim, Nurzatil Aqmar Othman, Bhajan Lal
In the petroleum industry, produced water is regarded as the significant waste stream that constitutes a comparatively higher fraction of hydrocarbons, heavy metal ions & various contaminants. Because of the minimal quantity of freshwater, there is a need to investigate other resources. Using produced...
Proceedings Article

Synthesizing Green Chitosan-Magnetic Composite Particles From Fenneropenaeus indicus sp. for Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME) Pre-Treatment

Veknesh Arumugam, Muhammad Heikal Ismail
Biodegradable materials have attracted the industry with the increasingly global trend of biopolymers of low toxicity and durability. Chitosan is a high molecular weight and charging density naturally organic polyelectrolyte (biopolymer), which is obtained from chitin’s de-acetylation from the crustaceans...
Proceedings Article

Application of Recycled Fish Wastes for the Recovery of Struvite Fertilizer From Actual Landfill Leachate

Nur Zulaikha Yaakub, Mohamad Darwish, Khalida Muda, Azmi Aris, Mohamed Zuhaili Mohamed Najib
The crystallization of struvite (MgNH4PO4.6H2O) is known as an effective way for recovering nutrients from landfill leachate (LL). Recently, several studies have been done to examine nonconventional sources of phosphorus, in order to improve the applicability of struvite technology. This study aimed...
Proceedings Article

Breakthrough Analysis of Empty Fruit Bunch-Based Hydrogel Biochar Composite (EFB-HBC) for Hydrogen Sulphide (H2S) Adsorption Study Removal

Nik Muhammad Faisal Mat Yasin, Nor Hidayah Meri, Norhayati Talib, Wan Azlina Wan Abdul Karim Ghani, Zulkifli Abdul Rashid, Azil Bahari Alias
Hydrogen sulphide (H2S) is always present in biogas, and causes odours, corrosiveness, and sulphur emissions when the gas is burned. It is used regularly in internal combustion engines, turbines or fuel cells, the removal of hydrogen sulphide from biogas is required to protect the equipment. More importantly,...
Proceedings Article

A Review of Production, Properties and Application in Scavenging of Dyes of Biochar

Yeo Shi Hao, Helen Kong, Muhammad Abbas Ahmad Zaini, Mohd Azizi Che Yunus
Biochar is a charcoal that produce from biomass feedstock and act as promising agent for many application such as wastewater treatment, energy production, soil amendment and gas storage. This review summarizes recent research development on production, properties and application of biochar. This review...
Proceedings Article

Optimization of Chemical Activation Conditions for Activated Carbon From Coconut Shell Using Response Surface Methodology (RSM) and Its Ability to Adsorb CO2

Nur Afiqah Anuwar, Putri Faizura Megat Khamaruddin
Coconut shell was used as a precursor to prepare activated carbon using potassium hydroxide (KOH) as a chemical activating agent for carbon dioxide (CO2) adsorption at ambient conditions. The purpose of this study was to determine the optimum activation parameters of the activated carbon using Response...
Proceedings Article

Application of Gas Hydrate Based Technique in Wastewater Treatment - A Mini Review

Adeel ur Rehman, Dzulkarnain B Zaini, Bhajan Lal
Worldwide economic growth, professional and domestic lifestyle and the ecosystem are affected by a lack of fresh water supplies. Oceans are the 97% part of earth’s crust, due to increasing demand of growing industrialization and population it has become an important source of freshwater over the last...
Proceedings Article

High Pressure CO2-Assisted Extraction for Rapid Phenolic Isolation: A Brief on Recent Progress and Its Future Direction

Zul Aiman Mohd Ismuil, Mohd Azizi Che Yunus, Md Maniruzzaman A. Aziz, Syed Anuar Faua’ad Syed Muhammad
Phenolics are bioactive compounds produced in plants, which are primarily associated with plants defense mechanisms. The compounds possessed antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties which exert favourable effects on human health. However in order to achieve the benefit, the phenolics need to be isolated...
Proceedings Article

Cenozoic Stratigraphy, Sedimentation and Tectonic Setting, Onshore Peninsular Malaysia: A Review

Sani Ado Kasim, Mohd Suhaili Ismail, Ahmad Mohamed Salim
Cenozoic sediments in Peninsular Malaysia occur along the western and eastern part of the Peninsular as onshore basins and in the South China Sea and the Straits of Malacca as offshore basins. The study is about reviewing the stratigraphy, sedimentation and tectonic pattern of the onshore Cenozoic basins/sediments,...
Proceedings Article

Coconut Coir Mat for Slope Vegetation

A. Jaafar, M.F.A. Rahman, M.L.A. Jeni, M.H. Osman, Z. Awang, M.S. Abdullah, T.N.H.T. Ismail, M.E. Sanik
Soil erosion is a common challenge faced by geotechnical engineers, occurrings naturally in the environment due to wind, water, and gravity. The loss of soil from the land surface can be detrimental to both terrestrial and aquatic environments by depleting nutrients, increasing runoff and affecting aquatic...
Proceedings Article

Sulfonated Activated Sugarcane Bagasse as Heterogeneous Catalyst for Biodiesel Production From Waste Cooking Oil via Microwave Irradiation

Muhammad Hamza Nazir, Muhammad Ayoub, Rashid B Shamsuddin, Imtisal Zahid, Zulqarnain
In the last decade, high consumption of fossil fuels has led to a serious energy crisis because of the increased energy demand for industrialization and modernization. It caused many environmental concerns because of the greenhouse gas emission along with energy security issues. These fossil fuels resources...
Proceedings Article

Glycerol Derivatives as Fuel Additive: Synthesis of Solketal From Glycerol and Acetone With Various Acid Clay Catalysts

Imtisal Zahid, Muhammad Ayoub, Bawadi B. Abdullah, Muhammad Hamza Nazir, Zulqarnain
Currently, the huge bulk of glycerol formed during biodiesel production as a by-product offered an abundant and low-cost feedstock. Researchers have shown a growing interest in using glycerol as a sustainable feedstock to produce functional chemicals. In this work, ketalization of glycerol using acetone...
Proceedings Article

Synthesis and Characterization of Hybrid Alginate/Cellulose Aerogels as Drug Delivery Carrier

Siti Hajar Zolkepli, Ana Najwa Mustapa, Angel Martin Martinez, Maria Jose Cocero
Technology of material development on drug delivery system has expanded vastly nowadays. The potential of alginate and carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) as drug delivery carrier is presented. The alginate and CMC was prepared as hybrid hydrogels via sol-gel method and dried by supercritical CO2 and at ambient...
Proceedings Article

Batch Adsorptive Removal of Btex From Aqueous Solution: A Review

Helen Kong, Hanapi Mat, Mohd Azizi Che Yunus
This study performs a review of the adsorptive removal of volatile organic compounds such as benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and xylene (BTEX) from various industrial wastewaters. The literature has been reviewed in accordance with a variety of adsorbents that have been applied in BTEX removal based on...