Battle of the Aru Sea in 1962
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- Battle; Aru Sea; 1962; Seizing; Defending; West Irian; Indonesia; the Netherlands.
Aru Sea in this study is a historic sea that contains the events of the liberation of West Irian from Dutch rule. In 1962 was one of the crucial events in Indonesian history concerning the liberation of West Irian which at that time was part of the Dutch rule. West Irian is one of the regions geographically located in the eastern part of Indonesia which at that time was contested by the Netherlands and Indonesia. The liberation of West Irian is essentially an absolute national demand; in which all components of the nation fully approve and support it. The Round Table Conference (KMB); which took place in Denhaag on August 23 to November 2; 1949; and on December 27; 1949; there was a 'surrender of sovereignty' except West Irian for the time being at the latest one year to be taken over by the Indonesian government. The KMB succeeded in reaching agreement from both parties; namely between the Indonesian side and the Dutch side; regarding the "transfer of sovereignty" over Indonesia. Article 1 Thus attracting the sympathy of the Indonesian government in forming a small inter-army planning committee formed in April 1961; to develop a military operation plan for the liberation of West Irian. Thus; Sukarno's speech on 19 December 1961; a force called Mandala was formed as the name of the force led by Major General Soeharto in Operation Trikora; an operation carried out in the form of an armed confrontation with the Dutch in Papua. The Indonesian government calls this operation the name of the Liberation of West Irian.
- © 2019, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
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Cite this article
TY - CONF AU - Aksilas Dasfordate AU - Yohanes Burdam AU - Hetreda Terry PY - 2019/11 DA - 2019/11 TI - Battle of the Aru Sea in 1962 BT - Proceedings of the International Conference on Social Science 2019 (ICSS 2019) PB - Atlantis Press SP - 850 EP - 856 SN - 2352-5398 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/icss-19.2019.68 DO - https://doi.org/10.2991/icss-19.2019.68 ID - Dasfordate2019/11 ER -