Illustrated by the Case of Xi’an: Job Competition Between “Urban Loser” and “Rural Winner” in Second-Tier Cities of China
- Qinglin Luan
- Corresponding Author
- Qinglin Luan
Available Online December 2013.
- https://doi.org/10.2991/mdhss-13.2013.98How to use a DOI?
- Secon-tier City, Hukou System, Human Capital, Social Capital, Job Competition, China
- Accompanied by population saturation and social segregation in first-tier cities, together with living burden increasing in rural areas, today’s new generations from both rural and urban areas tend to choose second-tier cities as their future settlements. In this paper, I have examined how one’s career condition in Xi’an as a representative of China’s second-tier city is affected by three social alternatives including Hukou system, social capital and human capital. The result reveals that compared with the other two social alternatives, in China’s second-tier cities, Hukou type turns out to be the strongest explanative term on job targeting, but Hukou type is not helpful with one’s career type because of a more developed local social network, however, education level compared to social network plays a more vital rule. Although those ”rural winner” still get chances to win the job competition against those “urban losers”, once the institutional revolution on Hukou system does not make adequate effects, there will not be significant improvement on the fair competition of labor market. Thus adequate attention on alternatives of Hukou system along with improvements on education equality will play crucial roles in the future development of job competition in China’s second-tier cities.
- Open Access
- This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.
Cite this article
TY - CONF AU - Qinglin Luan PY - 2013/12 DA - 2013/12 TI - Illustrated by the Case of Xi’an: Job Competition Between “Urban Loser” and “Rural Winner” in Second-Tier Cities of China BT - 2013 International Conference on the Modern Development of Humanities and Social Science PB - Atlantis Press SN - 1951-6851 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/mdhss-13.2013.98 DO - https://doi.org/10.2991/mdhss-13.2013.98 ID - Luan2013/12 ER -