Artery Research

Volume 26, Issue 2, June 2020
Review Article

1. Magnetic Resonance Imaging for Aortic Function Evaluation in Thoracic Aortic Aneurysms

Andrea Guala, Gisela Teixido-Turá, Arturo Evangelista, Jose Rodriguez-Palomares
Pages: 65 - 70
Thoracic aortic aneurysm is a common cardiovascular disease consisting of marked dilation of the aorta. Aortic aneurysms carry a high risk of life-threatening complications such as aortic dissection or rupture. Classically, maximum aortic diameter has been used as the sole descriptor of aneurysm severity...
Research Article

2. Addressing the Unmet Needs of Measuring Vascular Ageing in Clinical Practice–European COoperation in Science and Technology Action VascAgeNet

Rachel Emma Climie, Christopher Clemens Mayer, Rosa Maria Bruno, Bernhard Hametner
Pages: 71 - 75
Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, regardless of gender, ethnicity or income. Evidence that vascular age, as opposed to chronological age, is better related to the prognosis of CVD is convincing. Despite recent technological advances for the measurement...
Research Article

3. Role of Adipose Tissue and Skeletal Muscle in Atherosclerosis and in Central Hemodynamics

Joana Ferreira, Pedro Cunha, Armando Mansilha, Cristina Cunha, Cristina Silva, Isabel Vila, Alexandre Carneiro, Amílcar Mesquita, Jorge Cotter
Pages: 76 - 83
Background: Carotid Arterial Disease (CAD) and peripheral arterial disease (PAD) are atherosclerotic diseases. Adipose tissue (AT) and skeletal muscle (SM) are endocrine organs producing polypeptides with vascular effects. The main objective of this study is to characterize the AT and SM in PAD and CAD....
Research Article

4. Myocardial Bridge Anatomical Characteristics Relationship with ECG Changes and Markers

Hussein Nafakhi, Abdulameer A. Al-Mosawi, Samet Kasim
Pages: 84 - 88
Background: The clinical significance of coronary Myocardial Bridge (MB) anatomical characteristics is controversial in the literature. It is not clear whether MB has a benign or malignant clinical outcome. Objectives: To investigate the possible relationship between MB characteristics (depth, length...
Research Article

5. Interarm Differences in Brachial Blood Pressure and their Effect on the Derivation on Central Aortic Blood Pressure

Karen C. Peebles, Isabella Tan, Mitchell T.D. Cook, Davis A. Theobald, Alberto P. Avolio, Mark Butlin
Pages: 89 - 96
Background: Inter-arm differences in brachial systolic Blood Pressure (BP) are associated with increased cardiovascular risk. It is unclear whether anatomical factors contribute to brachial Interarm Blood Pressure (IABP) differences or whether brachial IABP differences translate to differences in derived...
Research Article

6. Does the Nitric Oxide Synthase T786C Gene Polymorphism Influence Arterial Stiffness in Patients with Metabolic Syndrome?

Angela Cozma, Adriana Fodor, Lucia Maria Procopciuc, Teodora Alexescu, Vasile Negrean, Dana Pop, Doina Alina Todea, Olga Hilda Orăşan, Adela-Viviana Sitar-Taut
Pages: 97 - 101
Background: Endothelial Nitric Oxide Synthase (eNOS) is responsible for Nitric Oxide (NO) bioavailability at endothelial level. Aging (even in healthy people) is involved in arterial stiffness increases. Materials and Methods: We investigated (in the service of Cardiology, 4th Medical Clinic) 100 patients,...
Research Article

7. Rationale and Design of a Randomized Controlled Trial to Evaluate the Effects of Probiotics during Energy Restriction on Blood Pressure, Body Composition, Metabolic Profile and Vascular Function in Obese Hypertensive Individuals

Marcella Rodrigues Guedes, Karine Scanci da Silva Pontes, Débora Cristina Torres Valença, Wille Oigman, Mario Fritsch Neves, Márcia Regina Simas Torres Klein
Pages: 102 - 110
Introduction: Hypertension often clusters with other cardiovascular risk factors such as obesity, dyslipidemia and glucose intolerance. Weight loss can decrease Blood Pressure (BP) and improve cardiometabolic abnormalities. There is evidence that hypertension and obesity are associated with alterations...
Research Article

8. Association between Rutherford Classification and CHA2DS2-VASc, CHADS2 and ASCVD Scores in Peripheral Artery Disease Patients

Bilge Duran Karaduman, Hüseyin Ayhan, Telat Keleş, Engin Bozkurt
Pages: 111 - 116
Background and Aim: The classification system is important in assessing the severity of Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD) and making the treatment decision. However, classification systems may not be sufficient and scoring systems developed to predict cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events can also...
Short Communication

9. Reflections Revisited, Reinterpretation Required✩

Berend E. Westerhof, Lex M. van Loon, Nico Westerhof
Pages: 117 - 120
Case Study

10. The Curious Case of a Missing Coeliac Trunk: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

Erin Cihat Saricilar, Ashley Peter Heyworth, Animesh Singla
Pages: 121 - 124
Introduction: The anatomy of the coelic trunk is highly variable. An understanding of the variations is important in general and vascular surgery due to the implications of disruption and consequent visceral ischaemia. Case Description: A case is described of a 69-year-old woman presenting with undifferentiable...