Artery Research

Volume 26, Issue 1, March 2020
Short Communication

1. Pharmacological Management of Hypertension Guided by Central or Peripheral Blood Pressure Measurement: Comparison of Two Strategies on the Incidence of Intermediate Outcome

Weimar Kunz Sebba Barroso, Sayuri Inuzuka, Gilberto Campos Guimarães, Robson Pierre Pacífico, Victoria Alves Melo, Luiz Fernando Oliveira, Eduarda Silva, Gustavo Ribeiro Mesquita, Deborah Silva Cintra Valle, Priscila Valverde Vitorino, Ana Luiza Lima Sousa, Paulo César Brandão Veiga Jardim, Antonio Coca
Pages: 1 - 4
Background: Central blood pressure values and arterial stiffness have demonstrated to be a useful tool to stratify cardiovascular risk and also as a biomarker. A question that is still unanswered is if hypertension treatment guided by central blood pressure parameters will be even better to promote cardiovascular...
Research Article

2. Reproducibility in Echotracking Assessment of Local Carotid Stiffness, Diameter and Thickness in a Population-based Study (The STANISLAS Cohort Study)

Erwan Bozec, Nicolas Girerd, João Pedro Ferreira, Ichraq Latar, Faiez Zannad, Patrick Rossignol
Pages: 5 - 12
Background: Carotid Intima Media Thickness (IMT) and stiffness are associated with cardiovascular events. The study aims were to perform a head-to-head comparison of the Wall Track System (WTS) and ART.LAB for carotid IMT, distension and diameter echotracking measurements as well as inter- and intra-observer...
Research Article

3. Aortic Stiffness in HIV Infection with and without Antiretroviral Therapy. A Meta-analysis of Observational Studies

Giovanni Mulè, Giuseppe Mulè, Valeria Tranchida, Pietro Colletti, Giovanni Mazzola, Marcello Trizzino, Claudia Colomba, Antonio Cascio
Pages: 13 - 20
Background: The risk of Cardiovascular (CV) events is higher in HIV-infected patients (HIV+) compared to HIV-uninfected persons (HIV−). Large artery stiffness, a well-documented predictor of adverse CV prognosis, may mediate this enhanced risk. It is usually assessed by measuring aortic Pulse Wave Velocity...
Research Article

4. Real-world Accuracy of Transthoracic Echocardiography in Diagnosing Bicuspid Aortic Valve Morphology: A Single Center UK Experience

Oliver James Harrison, Abdul Badran, Amer Harky, Daniel Muller, Benoy N. Shah, Sunil K. Ohri
Pages: 21 - 26
Objectives: The aim of this study was to compare the diagnostic accuracy of Transthoracic Echocardiography (TTE) in assessing Bicuspid Aortic Valve (BAV) morphology. Methods: Case notes of 408 patients (>18 years old) undergoing elective Aortic Valve (AV) surgery over a 2-year period were retrospectively...
Research Article

5. Pressure Dependency of Retinal Arterial Pulse Wave Velocity in the Rat

Mahdieh Rezaeian, Dana Georgevsky, S. Mojtaba Golzan, Stuart Graham, Alberto Avolio, Mark Butlin
Pages: 27 - 33
Purpose: The retinal vasculature provides unique in vivo access to the microcirculation and presents the possibility of measuring small artery (retinal) stiffness using pulse wave velocity (PWV). This study investigates whether retinal artery PWV (rPWV) has a blood pressure (BP) dependency. Methods:...
Research Article

6. Relationship between Obesity Phenotypes and Cardiovascular Risk in a Chinese Cohort

Yueliang Hu, Shuping Zheng, Jiehui Zhao, Isabella Tan, Mark Butlin, Alberto Avolio, Junli Zuo
Pages: 34 - 41
Objective: The changing living patterns in China are accompanied by an increase in prevalence of cardiovascular disease for which obesity is a significant factor. This study investigated the association between obesity phenotypes and risk of cardiovascular disease in a Chinese cohort. Methods: A sample...
Research Article

7. Validation of a Method to Estimate Stroke Volume from Brachial-cuff Derived Pressure Waveforms

Thomas Weber, Siegfried Wassertheurer, Jessica Middlemiss, Carmel Mary McEniery, Bernhard Hametner, Christopher Clemens Mayer, Ronald Karl Binder, Hans-Josef Feistritzer, Gert Klug, Bernhard Metzler
Pages: 42 - 47
Background: Steady state hemodynamics [Stroke Volume - SV, cardiac output, peripheral resistance (Rp)] have attracted researchers in hypertension for decades. However, due to technical difficulties, they never entered clinical medicine. Objective: To investigate the performance of a model-based algorithm,...
Research Article

8. Correlation between Neck Circumference and Pulse Wave Velocity: A Population-based Study

Larissa Ribeiro Bessa, Luís Antônio Bahiana Cruz, Rodrigo Lins Sant’Ana de Lima, Maria Cristina Lima Fontenele Presta, Antonio de Assis Oliveira Alves Filho, Roberta de Castro Araújo Cunha, Alana dos Reis Silva, Juan Jailson Oliveira Almeida Costa, Cecília Freitas da Silva Araújo, Diorlene Oliveira da Silva, Lucélia Batista Neves Cunha Magalhães
Pages: 48 - 55
Background: Cardiovascular diseases are the main cause of death worldwide. In this setting, Neck Circumference (NC) and Pulse Wave Velocity (PWV) are simple and valuable tools for an early evaluation of cardiovascular risk through the assessment of upper body obesity and arterial stiffness. However,...
Research Article

9. Effects of a Personalized Physical Exercise Program in the Ventricular-arterial Coupling of Older Adults. A Pilot Study

Telmo Pereira, Inês Cipriano, Joaquim Castanheira
Pages: 56 - 63
Introduction: This study was aimed at evaluating the changes in the Ventricular-Arterial Coupling (VAC) of old adults after the implementation of a multidisciplinary intervention program comprising a tailored physical exercise component. Methods: A non-randomized pilot study, enrolling 21 old adults...