Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health

Volume 9, Issue 4, December 2019
Review Article

1. Current Cancer Epidemiology

Camilla Mattiuzzi, Giuseppe Lippi
Pages: 217 - 222
In this brief report, we offer a concise overview on current cancer epidemiology garnered from the official databases of World Health Organization and American Cancer Society and provide recent information on frequency, mortality, and survival expectancy of the 15 leading types of cancers worldwide....
Research Article

2. Relationship between the Human Development Index and its Components with Oral Cancer in Latin America

Brenda Yuliana Herrera-Serna, Edith Lara-Carrillo, Victor Hugo Toral-Rizo, Regiane Cristina do Amaral, Raul Alberto Aguilera-Eguía
Pages: 223 - 232
To evaluate the relationship between the Human Development Index (HDI) and its components with oral cancer (OC) in Latin America. Ecological study in 20 Latin American countries in 2010 and 2017, which evaluated the relationship between the Age-Standardized Rates (ASRs) of incidence and mortality from...
Research Article

3. Impact of Advocacy, Communication, Social Mobilization and Active Case Finding on TB Notification in Jharkhand, India

Hemant Deepak Shewade, Vivek Gupta, Vaibhav Haribhau Ghule, Sashikanta Nayak, Srinath Satyanarayana, Rakesh Dayal, Subrat Mohanty, Sukhwinder Singh, Moumita Biswas, Kiran Kumar Reddy, Gayadhar Mallick, Om Prakash Bera, Prabhat Pandey, Sripriya Pandurangan, Raghuram Rao, Banuru Muralidhara Prasad, Ajay Madhugiri Venkatachalaiah Kumar, Sarabjit Singh Chadha
Pages: 233 - 242
Community-level benefits of screening for active tuberculosis (TB) disease remain uncertain. Project Axshya (meaning free of TB) conducted advocacy, communication, social mobilization, and active case finding among vulnerable/marginalized populations of India. Among 15 districts of Jharkhand state, the...
Research Article

4. Population-based Study of 24 Autoimmune Diseases Carried Out in a Brazilian Microregion

Dilceu Silveira Tolentino Júnior, Carla Meireles de Oliveira, Eliseu Miranda de Assis
Pages: 243 - 251
In Brazil, epidemiological data on autoimmune diseases are scarce due to the lack of a specific policy of attention to this group of diseases. This study aimed to estimate the general and relative prevalence of the diseases presented, as well as to know the sociodemographic profile of the identified...
Research Article

5. Maternal Factors Associated with Mode of Delivery in a Population with a High Cesarean Section Rate

Tamala Gondwe, Kalpana Betha, G.N. Kusneniwar, Clareann H. Bunker, Gong Tang, Hyagriv Simhan, P.S. Reddy, Catherine L. Haggerty
Pages: 252 - 258
We sought to identify factors associated with mode of delivery in a peri-urban Indian population with a high cesarean section rate. Poisson regression with robust error variance was applied to model factors associated with cesarean compared to vaginal delivery in a prospective, preconception pregnancy...
Research Article

6. Molecular Analysis of Mycobacterium tuberculosis Isolated in the North Central Zone of Nigeria

Benjamin David Thumamo Pokam, Dorothy Yeboah-Manu, Lovett Lawson, Prisca Wabo Guemdjom, Ruth Okonu, Laura Madukaji, Nchawa Yangkam Yhiler, Anne Ebri Asuquo
Pages: 259 - 265
Tuberculosis (TB) incidence in Nigeria is high, with a significant burden of TB/Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). Genotyping and drug susceptibility of Mycobacterium tuberculosis Complex (MTBC) are important in order to improve the control of the disease. This study sought to determine drug susceptibility...
Research Article

7. Effect of Leishmaniasis on the Performance of Elementary School Students: A Case Study among Syrian Refugees in Some Bekaa (Lebanon) Area Schools

Hussein H. Khachfe, Firyal J. Zayyoun, Ehssan Sharif-Askari, Wiam Ramadan, Nancy Hallal, Hassan M. Khachfe
Pages: 266 - 273
Since the Syrian conflict started, Lebanon became a common destination receiving a huge number of Syrian refugees that are living in camps spread all over the country, with the largest concentration in the Bekaa Valley. Generous steps are being taken to increase the access to formal education, such as...
Research Article

8. Risk Factors for Severe Pneumonia According to WHO 2005 Criteria Definition Among Children <5 Years of Age in Thai Binh, Vietnam: A Case–Control Study

Van Thuan Hoang, Thi Loi Dao, Philippe Minodier, Duy Cuong Nguyen, Nang Trong Hoang, Van Nghiem Dang, Philippe Gautret
Pages: 274 - 280
Vietnam is one of the 15 countries where the prevalence of child pneumonia is highest. It is a major cause of admission in pediatric hospitals. However, little is known on the burden of severe pneumonia and their risk factors in children <5 years of age in Vietnam. A case–control study was conducted...
Research Article

9. Rheumatoid Arthritis in the Lebanese Adults: Impact on Health-Related Quality of Life

Sanaa Awada, Roula Ajrouche, Mariam Shoker, Amal Al-Hajje, Samar Rachidi, Salam Zein, Wafaa Bawab
Pages: 281 - 287
Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory disabling disease with significant impact on the Quality of Life (QOL) of patients. Information on the effects of RA on Health-related Quality of Life (HRQoL) is lacking in the Lebanese population. The objective of this study was to evaluate QOL of...
Research Article

10. Impact of Knowledge and Practice on Fasting Blood Glucose Levels among Diabetics During Ramadan Fasting

Mohammed Al-Hariri, Soban Khan, Walid Albaker, Waleed Al Malik
Pages: 288 - 293
The aim of the present study was to investigate the impact of knowledge and practice on the fasting blood glucose of diabetic patients during the month of Ramadan. The simple random sampling technique was used to calculate sample size and the computed sample size was 112. Participants were recruited...
Research Article

11. Measles Resurgence in Europe: Migrants and Travellers are not the Main Drivers

Wei-Yee Leong, Annika Beate Wilder-Smith
Pages: 294 - 299
Measles is a highly transmissible viral infection that may lead to serious illness, lifelong complications, and death. As there is no animal reservoir for measles, measles resurgence is due to human movement of viremic persons. Therefore, some have blamed the enormous migration into Europe in the past...
Research Article

12. What Constitutes Health Care Seeking Pathway of TB Patients: A Qualitative Study in Rural Bangladesh

Tanvir Shatil, Nusrat Khan, Fakir Md. Yunus, Anita Sharif Chowdhury, Saifur Reza, Shayla Islam, Akramul Islam, Mahfuzar Rahman
Pages: 300 - 308
Given the targeted 4–5% annual reduction of tuberculosis (TB) cure cases to reach the “End TB Strategy” by 2020 milestone globally set by WHO, exploration of TB health seeking behavior is warranted for insightful understanding. This qualitative study aims to provide an account of the social, cultural,...
Research Article

13. Predictors of Intentions to Make Healthier Eating Choices among Midwestern Truck Drivers

Wan-Ju Jennifer Yen, Olabode Ayodele, Adrienne McCarthy
Pages: 309 - 314
Truck drivers constitute a highly vulnerable population with very limited opportunities for healthy foods and healthy eating choices. This cross-sectional study assessed the utility of the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) in understanding and predicting healthy eating intention among Midwestern truck...
Research Article

14. Investigating the Spatial Patterns of Common Childhood Morbidity in Six Neighboring West African Countries

Ezra Gayawan, Olabimpe Bodunde Aladeniyi, Olubimpe Mercy Oladuti, Paul Olopha, Samson Babatunde Adebayo
Pages: 315 - 323
Children in developing countries have continued to suffer morbidity and mortality arising from a few illnesses. This study was designed to examine the within and between spatial variations in childhood morbidity from cough, fever, and diarrhea among six West African countries in a manner that transcends...