Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health

Volume 10, Issue 2, June 2020

2. COVID-19 in Turkey: Lessons Learned

Banu Cakir
Pages: 115 - 117
Turkey reported its first COVID-19 case on March 10, 2020. We present here the mitigation efforts Turkey has undertaken so far, and also review the lessons learned for future proactive strategies. High number of intensive care unit beds and ventilators, national treatment algorithms, governmental support...
Research Article

3. COVID-19 Epidemic and Public Health Measures in China

Tingting Xu, Ruoyu Yang
Pages: 118 - 123
Objectives: The study aims to analyze the status quo of public health emergency measures taken in China in dealing with the spread of new coronavirus pneumonia (COVID-19), and to put forward policy suggestions for system construction and improvement. Methods: According to the official data released...
Research Article

4. Prevalence and Factors Associated with Insomnia Among a Representative Sample of the Lebanese Population: Results of a Cross-Sectional Study

Gloria Al Karaki, Souheil Hallit, Diana Malaeb, Nelly Kheir, Hala Sacre, Pascale Salameh, Rabih Hallit
Pages: 124 - 130
The objectives of the study were to identify the prevalence of insomnia among a representative sample of the Lebanese population and to assess potential factors associated with insomnia among this group. A cross-sectional study was done in the Lebanese population from August 2017 to April 2018 enrolling...
Research Article

5. Number of People who Inject Drugs in Son La, Vietnam: Population Size Estimation Based on Official Records

Le Anh Tuan, Nguyen Thi Thanh Ha, Quan Dinh Nguyen, Giang Tong Le, Duong Cong Thanh, Meade Morgan, Abu S. Abdul-Quader
Pages: 131 - 134
Aims: Estimated population sizes of key populations are critical for resource allocation as well as for monitoring program performance to prevent HIV infection. In 2018, using official records we recruited and conducted a brief survey among People Who Use Drugs (PWUD) to estimate the population size...
Research Article

6. A Qualitative Study of Factors Influencing the Onset of Hookah Smoking among Iranian Men with Turkmen Ethnicity

Shirin Shahbazi Sighaldeh, Fatemeh Zarghami, Abdurrahman Charkazi, Reza Negarandeh
Pages: 135 - 142
Introduction: Hookah smoking has grown considerably among Iranian Turkmen in the past two decades. The reasons for this increase in the consumption of hookah are unclear. Therefore, this study was conducted with the aim of determining the factors related to the start of hookah smoking in men with Turkmen...
Research Article

7. Top Ethical Issues Concerning Healthcare Providers Working in Saudi Arabia

Amar Mansour Almoallem, Mohammed Abdulaziz Almudayfir, Yassar H. Al-Jahdail, Anwar E. Ahmed, Adnan Al-Shaikh, Salim Baharoon, Abdullah AlHarbi, Hamdan Al-Jahdali
Pages: 143 - 152
Background: Healthcare providers working in Saudi Arabia come from various nationalities, cultures, and training backgrounds. This study aimed to assess the perceptions of healthcare providers working in Riyadh hospitals about ethical dilemmas and solutions. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study...
Research Article

8. Utility of Xpert MTB/RIF Assay for Diagnosis of Pediatric Tuberculosis Under Programmatic Conditions in India

Rakesh Yadav, Pankaj Vaidya, Joseph L Mathew, Sanjay Verma, Rajiv Khaneja, Priyanka Agarwal, Pankaj Kumar, Meenu Singh, Sunil Sethi
Pages: 153 - 156
Tuberculosis (TB) diagnosis in children still remains a challenge in developing countries. We analyze the performance of Xpert MTB/RIF assay for the diagnosis of pediatric TB under programmatic conditions. We retrospectively analyzed the performance of Xpert MTB/RIF assay from February 2016 to March...
Research Article

9. Predictors of Quality of Life in Transfusion-dependent Thalassemia Patients Based on the PRECEDE Model: A Structural Equation Modeling Approach

Mina Maheri, Alireza Rohban, Roya Sadeghi, Hamid Joveini
Pages: 157 - 163
This study aimed to determine the predictors of Quality of Life (QoL) in Transfusion-Dependent Thalassemia (TDT) patients based on PRECEDE (Predisposing, Reinforcing and Enabling Constructs in Educational Diagnosis and Evaluation) model. This cross-sectional analytical study was performed on 389 TDT...
Research Article

10. Early Initiation of ARV Therapy Among TB–HIV Patients in Indonesia Prolongs Survival Rates!

Siti Maemun, Nina Mariana, Adria Rusli, Renti Mahkota, Tri Bayu Purnama
Pages: 164 - 167
Background: The HIV epidemic remains a public health problem with rising tuberculosis (TB) numbers around the world. Antiretroviral (ARV) therapy (ART) is essential to increase the survival of patients with TB–HIV coinfection. The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of ARV treatment initiation...
Research Article

11. Care-Related Quality of Life of Caregivers of Beta-Thalassemia Major Children: An Epidemiological Study in Eastern India

Bijit Biswas, Narendra Nath Naskar, Keya Basu, Aparajita Dasgupta, Rivu Basu, Bobby Paul
Pages: 168 - 177
Caregivers are the persons who provide care at the time of distress or illness. They face many stress and strain to provide the best possible medical care for their children. There are very few studies that explored the care-related quality of life (CarerQoL) of the caregivers of thalassemic children...
Research Article

12. Efficacy of DAAs in the Treatment of Chronic HCV: Real-World Data from the Private Health-Care Sector of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Almoutaz Hashim, Fadia Almahdi, Emad Aldin Albaba, Ohoud Barkia, Reem Alkasam, Asmaa Almahmoud, Ahmed Nabil, Ayman Alsulaimani, Mahmoud Mosli
Pages: 178 - 183
Background and Aim: The hepatitis C virus (HCV) is considered a global health challenge that requires urgent interventions for prevention and control. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of direct-acting antiviral agents (DAAs) for HCV-infected patients in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia...
Research Article

13. Effectiveness of Oseltamivir Prophylaxis in Influenza Outbreaks in Residential Aged Care

Mithilesh Dronavalli, Heidi Lord, Kate Alexander, Leng Boonwaat, Narugopal Pal, Stephanie Mahalia Fletcher-Lartey
Pages: 184 - 189
Influenza outbreaks in Aged Care Facilities (ACFs) can lead to hospitalizations and deaths. Influenza can spread rapidly through ACFs if precautionary measures are not taken. Along with influenza vaccination and precautionary hygiene measures, Oseltamivir Prophylaxis (OP) may be effective in reducing...