Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Contemporary Education, Social Sciences and Humanities (ICCESSH 2017)

Session: Philosophy

21 articles
Eleonora Barkova, Olga Buzskaya, Marina Ivleva, Marat Buzskij
The article investigates, on the foundation of eco-philosophical approach, the concept of ecology, in general, and the perspectives of its implementation in the sphere of culture researches; it analyzes the main approaches in ecological methodology. The authors conclude the ecological aspects of culture...
Ekaterina Gnatik
The article focuses on transformation of human values under the impact of convergent technologies that create possibilities to transform human consciousness on an organic, neurobiological level. They give an impetus for developing ways to overcome fundamental limits of human abilities and methods for...
Rusana Pskhu, Galina Zashchitina, Ludmila Kryshtop, Nadezhda Danilova, Larissa Kalashnikova
The article concerns the principles of translating philosophical texts which have a number of particular features. Above all, that is the use of certain specific terminological means. The chief object and the main difficulty we deal with is looking for and revealing a correct translation for the philosophical...
Sergei Nizhnikov
The article shows the principles of K. Jaspers's concept of "axial age" that were stressed and developed in modern philosophy in Russia. It analyzes ideas expressed from philosophers and historians including M.K. Mamardashvili (universalism of "axial age"), A.V. Semushkin (the ruin of myth and the birth...
Mikhail Oseledchik, Marina Ivleva, Vitaly Ivlev
The article is devoted to the consideration of knowledge as a non-equilibrium, self-sustaining, and self-organizing system possessing the properties of openness, nonlinearity and dissipation, which shows the true value of learning and intellectual productive environment for possible diffusion of knowledge....
Alexey Chernyak
Psychosemantics is a research program aimed to naturalize meaning, demonstrate how it emerges from natural properties of mental states and processes. The present article explores what seems to be an essence of psychosemantic theories of meaning in order to bring to light their most general problem. It...
Anatoly Kolesnikov
In the article, conditions of actualization interpretation and translation techniques of philosophical texts of non-Western philosophy are revealed. The author marks out features of hermeneutical procedures and their correlation with existentially rational approaches. The problem translatability of the...
Maythem Al-Janabi, Nur Kirabaev
New methodological approaches to studying the philosophical heritage of al-Ghazali (1058-1111) are connected with the understanding of another culture as "a different culture and logic of thinking," the Arab-Muslim culture as a "phenomenon of cross-cultural interaction, the role of "the ideal of knowledge...
Svetlana Rudanovskaya
The article deals with social criticism and its ideals that undergo transformation in the situation of mass media society (with its unification tendencies as well as pluralism in views and approaches to reality). Contemporary critics are characterized first of all by their sensitivity to language, its...
Vitaly Ivlev, Nellie Lepskaya
This article investigates the category of modality (necessity, chance and possibility) in history of philosophy, biology and logic. We study the first in the history of philosophy understanding of the types of modality of the ancient Greek thinker Democritus; identify the main use of the categories studied...
Vitaly Ivlev, Marina Ivleva
The article is a retrospective analysis of Aristotle's logic, which had a great influence on the development of logic as a science, and its evolution into scholastic philosophy. With the help of the method of historical reconstruction the author singles out the major elements of logic in general such...
Andrey Orekhov, Fakhraddin Akhmedov
This article is devoted to the philosophy of economics as to the interdisciplinary area existing on a joint of philosophy and economy. Philosophy of economics - «philosophical problems of economy» is the scientific interdisciplinary direction investigating the most fundamental, basic, and most metaphysical...
Igor Grebeshev
The author of the article represents the philosophy's personalist branch as an integral living process of Russian philosophical thought development in the late 19th - early 20th centuries, rich with interaction, debate and discussion. The author shows, how the reception of the European personalist tradition...
Olga Chistyakova
The author presents the philosophical analysis of Self–Other relationship in intercultural and interreligious communications in the globalizing world. Special attention is paid to the semantic clarification of the processes of alienation and simultaneous mutual influence, strangification in a dichotomous...