Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Contemporary Education, Social Sciences and Humanities (ICCESSH 2017)

Session: Philosophy

21 articles

Knowledge as a Non-equilibrium Dynamic System

Mikhail Oseledchik, Marina Ivleva, Vitaly Ivlev
The article is devoted to the consideration of knowledge as a non-equilibrium, self-sustaining, and self-organizing system possessing the properties of openness, nonlinearity and dissipation, which shows the true value of learning and intellectual productive environment for possible diffusion of knowledge....

Self and Other in the Communicative Space of the Global World

Olga Chistyakova
The author presents the philosophical analysis of Self–Other relationship in intercultural and interreligious communications in the globalizing world. Special attention is paid to the semantic clarification of the processes of alienation and simultaneous mutual influence, strangification in a dichotomous...

Ecology of Culture in the Space of Social and Humanitarian Knowledge

Eleonora Barkova, Olga Buzskaya, Marina Ivleva, Marat Buzskij
The article investigates, on the foundation of eco-philosophical approach, the concept of ecology, in general, and the perspectives of its implementation in the sphere of culture researches; it analyzes the main approaches in ecological methodology. The authors conclude the ecological aspects of culture...

Psychosemantics and Representationalism

Alexey Chernyak
Psychosemantics is a research program aimed to naturalize meaning, demonstrate how it emerges from natural properties of mental states and processes. The present article explores what seems to be an essence of psychosemantic theories of meaning in order to bring to light their most general problem. It...

The Historian of Philosophy in Search of Sense

Anatoly Kolesnikov
In the article, conditions of actualization interpretation and translation techniques of philosophical texts of non-Western philosophy are revealed. The author marks out features of hermeneutical procedures and their correlation with existentially rational approaches. The problem translatability of the...

Philosophy of Economics in Context of the Challenges of Modernity

Andrey Orekhov, Fakhraddin Akhmedov
This article is devoted to the philosophy of economics as to the interdisciplinary area existing on a joint of philosophy and economy. Philosophy of economics - «philosophical problems of economy» is the scientific interdisciplinary direction investigating the most fundamental, basic, and most metaphysical...

Transhumanism Horizons of Convergent Technologies

Ekaterina Gnatik
The article focuses on transformation of human values under the impact of convergent technologies that create possibilities to transform human consciousness on an organic, neurobiological level. They give an impetus for developing ways to overcome fundamental limits of human abilities and methods for...

Russian Philosophy on the Value of an Individual

Igor Grebeshev
The author of the article represents the philosophy's personalist branch as an integral living process of Russian philosophical thought development in the late 19th - early 20th centuries, rich with interaction, debate and discussion. The author shows, how the reception of the European personalist tradition...

The Mentality as the Image of the Cognitive Properties of the Other

Klavdiya Vasilyeva, Osor Ochirov
The article presents a probability model of gaining insight into the mentality phenomenon as a reflection of cognitive property and another mind's abilities. The authors establish a point that mentality is a result of the external evaluation since it is not self-reflected by its subject. The mentality...

Areas of the Competence of Reason in the Teachings of Al-Ghazali

Maythem Al-Janabi, Nur Kirabaev
New methodological approaches to studying the philosophical heritage of al-Ghazali (1058-1111) are connected with the understanding of another culture as "a different culture and logic of thinking," the Arab-Muslim culture as a "phenomenon of cross-cultural interaction, the role of "the ideal of knowledge...

Specificity of Early Categorial Thinking in Ancient China

Natalya Pushkarskaya
The article is dedicated to the universality problem in early categorial thinking of Ancient China. Universal conceptual schemes generated in archaic cultures appear to be an important part of contemporary science.

Personalism–The Philosophical Movement for Human Development

Pavol Dancak
Freedom manifests itself in the creative activity of man. Through a creative act, the person expresses itself and thus fulfils its freedom. Life of man can be ruled neither by fear, nor by authoritative pressure. If there is something valuable in life and world, then it may happen only thanks to freedom....

The Repressive Hypothesis: Natural Sexuality, Suppressed Eros and a Chance of an Alternative

Philipp Tagirov
The article studies the so called "repressive hypothesis" according to which eros and sexuality are suppressed by authoritarian social order. This hypothesis is based of Freudian idea of repressive nature of culture and developed primarily by W. Reich and G. Marcuse. The current analysis points out the...

Philologist Versus Philosopher On the Translation of the Philosophical Texts

Rusana Pskhu, Galina Zashchitina, Ludmila Kryshtop, Nadezhda Danilova, Larissa Kalashnikova
The article concerns the principles of translating philosophical texts which have a number of particular features. Above all, that is the use of certain specific terminological means. The chief object and the main difficulty we deal with is looking for and revealing a correct translation for the philosophical...

Concept of the "Axial Age" in Modern Philosophy in Russia

Sergei Nizhnikov
The article shows the principles of K. Jaspers's concept of "axial age" that were stressed and developed in modern philosophy in Russia. It analyzes ideas expressed from philosophers and historians including M.K. Mamardashvili (universalism of "axial age"), A.V. Semushkin (the ruin of myth and the birth...

Social Criticism: From Utopia to Post-utopian Thought

Svetlana Rudanovskaya
The article deals with social criticism and its ideals that undergo transformation in the situation of mass media society (with its unification tendencies as well as pluralism in views and approaches to reality). Contemporary critics are characterized first of all by their sensitivity to language, its...

Neo-Vedantism in the Bengal Renaissance: Genesis, Foundations and Development in XIX Century

Tatiana Skorokhodova
The article represents genesis and development of Neo-Vedanta philosophy by thinkers of Bengal Renaissance thinkers. The reconsideration of classical Vedanta is described as continuation of its ideas as most suitable for Modern needs in cultural spheres as well as re-building of these ones based on humanistic...

Modalities and Logic

Vitaly Ivlev, Nellie Lepskaya
This article investigates the category of modality (necessity, chance and possibility) in history of philosophy, biology and logic. We study the first in the history of philosophy understanding of the types of modality of the ancient Greek thinker Democritus; identify the main use of the categories studied...

Florensky and Kant—the Metaphysics of Faith vs the Metaphysics of Reason

Vladimir Belov, Julia Karagod
The article reviews the criticism of philosophical position of I. Kant by the Russian religious philosopher Pavel Florensky. The sharpness of such criticism is explained by the Russian philosopher's recognition in Kant not just of the assertion of power of reason as opposed to faith, but the assertion...

Peculiarities of Aristotelian Scholastic Logic

Vitaly Ivlev, Marina Ivleva
The article is a retrospective analysis of Aristotle's logic, which had a great influence on the development of logic as a science, and its evolution into scholastic philosophy. With the help of the method of historical reconstruction the author singles out the major elements of logic in general such...

A View on Contemporaneity Through the Discourse of Postmodernism

Olga Chistyakova
The article discusses the basic principles of the social existence displayed as the signs of the postmodern world. The author analyses some philosophical concepts and teachings of the postmodernism (Z. Bauman, J. Baudrillard, J. Urry, A. Giddens) in their reflection of social problems of contemporaneity....