Proceedings of the International Symposium “Engineering and Earth Sciences: Applied and Fundamental Research” (ISEES 2018)

+ Advanced search
109 articles

Mercury in Tissues of Red Fox as Indicator of Environmental Pollution

L.S. Khabarova, E.S. Ivanova, N.Ya. Poddubnaya, A.V. Andreeva, A.P. Selezneva, D.M. Feneva
Twenty-three red foxes (Vulpes vulpes L.) were tested for the presence of mercury in their internal organs. These animals were captured in the Vologda region (Northwest Russia) within 2009 and 2018. The animal's liver, kidneys, muscles, brain, spleen, chyme and intestinal wall were tested. The concentrations...

Development of Soils Containing Heavy Metals in Southwestern Administrative District of Moscow

V.M. Zubkova, N.Yu. Belozubova, F.F. Arslanbekova, O.E. Dryabzhinsky
The article presents the results of ecological and geochemical assessment of the soils of the South-Western administrative district of Moscow on the content of heavy metals. In general, a satisfactory environmental situation was observed. However, in the territories subjected to industrial zones, there...

Magnetic and Magnetostrictive Properties of Rare Earth Intermetallic Compounds

Z.S. Umkhayeva, M. S-S. Khapayeva, Z.S. Khasbulatova, I.M. Aliyev, M-A.A. Gudayev
This work presents an overview of research results in magnetic and magnetostrictive properties of rare earths-based intermetallic compounds conducted by Russian and foreign researchers. A special attention is paid to multicomponent alloys, as variation in component concentration, temperature and external...

The Assessment of Wear Resistance of Thin-Layer Carbide Coatings under Vacuum Arc Depositio

V.A. Krasnyy, A.Yu. Vazhenin
The presented research considers the tribological properties of titanium carbide coatings TiC and their areas of application. It is noted that titanium carbide TiC is one of the most effective materials used as a wear resistant coating. TiC to the greatest extent satisfies the requirements for coatings:...

Surface Characteristics of Nanosized Bentonite Suspensions as a Modifying Component of Cement Composites

A.M. Abdullaev, RKh. Dadashev, Alikhadzhiev, M.A-V. Abdullaev, R.S. Dzhambulatov, M-A.M. Israilov
The paper presents the measured data on interfacial tension of bentonite suspensions and strength of a cement stone in water solutions of Frem Giper S-TB superplasticizer. The interfacial tension of water-surfactant-bentonite suspension is experimentally measured at various concentrations of a bentonite...

Choice of Low Cost Construction Technologies

G.I. Khanaliev, I.Z. Magomadov, Istamulov, R.A. Mamatsuev, L.S. Aleroeva, A.A. Mallaev, Kh.Kh. Aptaev, N.D. Aysungurov
The paper is devoted to the choice of the best construction technology for further introduction into the corresponding branch of industry in the Chechen Republic. The main purpose of the study is to give an overview of the main modern construction technologies. Key parameters for each innovation are...

Materials and Compositions for Enhancing the Load Capacity of Structural-Unstable Soils

I.Ya. Kharchenko, S-A.Yu. Murtazayev, M.R. Nakhayev, Z.Kh. Ismailova, A.Z. Abukhanov
The work is devoted to effective ways to increase the load capacity of buildings bases and structures by impregnating soils with compounds based on complex finely dispersed binder and local raw materials. The article shows that an important factor in the effective injection fixation of structural-unstable...

Use of Nanotechnologies to Manage the Reliability of Fuel Equipment within Diesel Engines

M.A. Saidov, Kh.I. Shamsurkaev, A.F. Dorokhov, A.A. Musaev, R.S. Makhmatkhadzhieva, I.I. Kozlova, L.U. Magomadova, S-M.S. Musaev
The problem of increasing the efficiency of diesel engine fuel equipment is quite urgent due to the introduction of new environmental standards stipulating limited sulfur content in the fuel, which leads to the increase in the friction of precision pairs of fuel supply equipment and as a result causes...

Composite Polymer-Silicone Adsorbent for Platinum (IV) Ions: Investigation of Models and Absorption Kinetics

O.V. Lebedeva, Yu.N. Pozhidaev, A.A. Konovalenko, R.T. Usmanov
The adsorption of platinum (IV) in hydrochloric acid solutions of a composite based on N,N-bis(3-triethoxysilylpropyl)thiourea and 4-vinylpyridine-2-hydroxy-ethylethacrylate copolymer is studied. The value of the static adsorption capacity of the composite for platinum(IV) is found to be 215 mg/g. To...

Solution to the Problem of Lanslide-Prone Territories Using Geodesic Methods

E.I. Ibragimova, I.G. Gayrabekov, A.T. Mishiyeva, M.A. Yalmayeva, Kh.M.-S. Murtazova, A.I. Gayrabekova
The article presents the observations of the landslide-prone northern slope of the Sunzhenskiy range to the south of the village of Podgorny in the Staropromyslovskiy district, Grozny using the kinoteodolite method in dynamics. According to the observations of the slope, it was possible to predict the...

Longitudinal Vibrations of Seismic Disturbance Vertical Bar

Kh.P. Kulterbaev, L.A. Baragunova, M.M. Shogenova, M.A. Shardanova, I.M. Abdul Salam
Longitudinal vibrations of vertical bar of harmonic and random disturbance are considered. Mathematical models of free, forced harmonic and random vibrations are described. The methods of d'Alembert, separation of variables and finite differences are used. To determine the eigenvalues of boundary value...

Study of TCP FREEZE Protocol Behavior in Wireless Data Transmission Networks

I.V. Hasambiyev, I.M. Daudov, M.A. Khazhmuradov, I.A. Magomedov, L.K. Khadzhiyeva
At present there are several protocols ensuring data transmission within wireless data transmission networks. The majority of them are byte-oriented protocols with reliable data, which is delivered along the route with connection setup

Application of Algorithm Target Change of the Filled Cells of the Matrix for a One-Dimensional Bending Element in the Problems Of Structural Mechanics

S.Yu. Katerinina, G.V. Voronkova, S.S. Rekunov, L.M. Arzamaskova, O.V. Konovalov, E.E. Evdokimov
Application of Algorithm Target Change of the Filled Cells of the Matrix for a One-Dimensional Bending Element in the Problems of Structural Mechanics

Ecotoxicants in the System Water-Soil-Plant and Possible Risks to Public Health

Tamila Nasirovna Ashurbekova, Zaira Gadzhievna Natalia Gadzhibutaevna, Natalia Gadzhibutaevna Isaeva, Elmira Mugutdinovna Musinova
The article presents the results of a study on the content of arsenic, lead, cadmium and mercury in water, soil and in plant products that are directly used by humans for nutrition. During four years of observation, water analysis demonstrates high arsenic concentrations. The arsenic content ranges from...

Landscape and Geoecological Analysis of Small River Basins Within Nature Protection of Mountain Territories

P.A. Kipkeeva, Ya.V. Volosukhin, Yu.Ya. Potapenko, N.V. Shubayeva
Three large rivers of the North Caucasus, namely the Kuban, the Terek and the Kuma play a key role in water supply of adjacent steppe territories of Ciscaucasia. The mass run-off of these rivers is formed within a mountain relief. The river heads of the Kuban and the Kuma are located in the Karachay-Cherkess...

Modern Designs of Forest Fires Machines for Soil Extinguishment of Fire

Ivan Mihailovich Bartenev, Sergey Vladimirovich Malyukov, Maxim Alexandrovich Gnusov, Dmitriy Sergeevich Stupnikov, Alexey Dmitrievich Platonov
Theoretical issues of the use of a fire-fighting soil-thrower for extinguishing forest fires with the presentation of its practical use in conditions of high fire risk are considered. To assess the effectiveness of the use of new units in the article, a study of the information base for the use of existing...

Integral Estimate of Ecological Status of Nalchik

B.M. Khuchunayev, I.S. Daov, O.O. Dakhova, S.A. Bekkiyeva, S.B. Khatefova, L.V. Khuchunayeva, S.O. Gekkiyeva, R.G. Miskarova
The article presents the results of an integral estimate of pollution in Nalchik using the generalized desirability function of Harrington. As a generalized indicator of desirability, the integral indicator of pollution is used. It is based on the pollution estimate of individual components: chemical...

The Methodology of the Determination of Accumulated Damage Level and Achievement of the Limit State in Ferromagnetic Steel Structures

I.R. Kuzeev, E.A. Naumkin, A.M. Schipachev, V.A. Gafarova, V.A. Sandakov
The insurance of the safety of extended facilities, such as pipeline systems, raises the issue of continuous monitoring of their technical condition and control of accumulated damage. A similar problem arises in the operation of hazardous facilities with a large surface area, which include oil and gas...

The Construction of the Dolphinarium Building in the Seismic Area

Kh.N. Mazhiev, D. K-S. Batayev, K.Kh. Mazhiev, O.B. Radnaev, A. Kh. Mazhieva, S.Z. Kadiev, Adam Kh. Mazhiev, Aslan Kh. Mazhiev
The article presents the results of research aimed at scientific and technical justification of design solutions underlying the design of the building of the dolphinarium constructed in a seismic area. The findings include the effective technical solutions based on the use of modern composites and traditional...

The Study of Shrinking Deformations of Repair Compositions on Barkhan Sands

D.K-S. Bataev, A.A. Uzaeva, S.A. Uzaeva, M.A. Uzaev, T.A. Tuzurkaeva
Maximal use of local natural substandard raw materials in the technology of repairing concrete and ferro-concrete structures determines the possibility of obtaining modified repair compositions with improved characteristics based on barkhan sands in order to restore the bearing capacity of products and...

Effective Finishing Composites Using Non-Traditional Natural Raw Materials

Aleksandr Anatolevich Volodchenko, Ruslan Valeryevich Lesovik, Evgeny Sergeyevich Glagolev, Anatoly Nikolaevich Volodchenko, Natalia Maksimovna Tolypina, Irina Alexandrovna Cherepanova
One of the current areas of building materials science is the development and implementation of highly efficient facing materials, which can significantly improve the architectural expressiveness of human settlements. Used in modern construction autoclave silicate materials have rather low decorative...

Matrix Tools for Cost Estimate of Construction Products

T.V. Kuladzhi, M.Sh. Mintsayev, S.A. Aliyev, R.R. Salgiriyev, A.Z. Abukhanov, M.R. Nakhayev, A.T. Murtazayev, Z.H. Ismailova
The present stage of innovative development of the country is characterized by considerable changes caused by the introduction of digital technologies into the economy and the social sphere. The measures aimed to improve the institutional conditions of business, production of innovative products taking...

Differentiation of the Fourfold Mutual System Na, K, Cl, NO3, MoO4 and Phase Complex of Its Stable Secant Triangle NaCl-KNO3-Na2MoO4

B.Yu. Gamatayeva, Z.Z. Alarkhanova, A.B. Agasiyeva, D. Z. Maglayev, M.A. Aliyeva, A.M. Gasanaliyev, T.Sh. Gamatayev, S. Sh. Mutsalova
Based on the graph theory, the fourfold mutual system Na, K // Cl, NO3, MoO4 was differentiated taking into account the complex formation (NaКMoO4, K5Cl(NO3)4, Na3CI(MoO4)) and the inner secants (KNO3-Na3CIMoO4, K6CI(NO3)5-Na3CIMoO4). For the first time, the complex of the three-component system NaCl-KNO3-Na2MoO4,...

Phase Equilibria in NaBr-(Li2WO4)-V2O5 Systems

S.N. Kurbanova, A.L. Daudova, B.Yu. Gamutaeva, T.Sh. Gamataev, Z.Z. Alarkhanova, A.M. Gasanaliev, D.Z. Maglaev
Phase equilibria in two-component systems NaBr-(Li2WO4)-V2O5 were studied for the first time by physical and chemical analysis. The corresponding state diagrams are constructed. It was found that the systems are eutectic and are characterized by congruent (2Li2WO4?3V2O5, 3V2O5?NaBr) and incongruent (Li2WO4?V2O5)...

Multicomponent Binders with Organic Mineral Additive Based on Volcanic Ash

S-A.Y. Murtazaev, M.Sh. Salamanova, R.G. Bisultanov, A.Z. Abukhanov, A.Kh. Alaskhanov
This paper is devoted to the development of multicomponent binders with the usage of finely dispersed mineral additives. In the course of the research it was found that mineral components of binders, combined with chemical additives favorably affect the process of structuring of cement stone, control...

Study of Ice-Forming Properties of Zinc Oxide and Silver Iodide Nanoreagents

B.M. Khuchunaev, G.V. Kupovykh, N.V. Teunova, B.M. Khuchunaev, M.Yu. Bekkiev, A.A. Tashilova, V.P. Panaetov, A.Kh. Budaev
The article is devoted to the development of methods for dispersing nanoreagents based on zinc oxide and silver iodide and the study of their ice-forming properties. It is shown that nanotubes of zinc oxide and silver iodide have good ice-forming properties with a specific yield of ice-forming nuclei...

Features of oil production and complications of Mesozoic deposits operation (on the example of the Grozny oil region)

A.A. Elmurzayev, I.I. Aliyev, A.Sh. Khaladov, P.S. Tsamayeva, M.M. Dudaev
The main mechanism of oil displacement is characterized by gradual vertical movement of oil-water contact with insulation of watering out intervals in production wells. Different compositions on the basis of hydrochloric acid are traditionally used as working fluids to increase the formation pressure....

Determining Reservoir Type in Lower Cretaceous Terrigenic Sediments of Tersko-Sunzhensky Oil and Gas Bearing Region

T.B. Ezirbayev, M.A. Khasanov, A.S. Elzhayev, S.S.-A. Gatsayeva
Structural geological features of terrigenic Albian-Aptian rocks of the Tersko-Sunzhensky oil and gas bearing region were studied, as well as their petrophysical and reservoir properties obtained from analysis of field geophysical tests and laboratory core analysis from previous years. Recently, reinterpretation...

Accounting for the Effects of Verticals in Geodesic Surveys in the Mountains

Kh.R. Gagayeva, I.G. Gayrabekov
The possibility of using an auxiliary ellipsoid to reduce the results of geodetic measurements with the aim of transferring coordinates to the surface of the reference ellipsoid is considered. An analysis of the accuracy showed that such a technique would reduce the effect of steep line dodging

Basin Approach in Geomorphological Studies of Klyazma River Basin Structure

Roman Vladimirovich Repkin, Alla Valeryevna Lyubesheva, Ekaterina Lvovna Pronina
This work is devoted to geomorphological studies of the structures of the Klyazma River basin and factors of modern exogenous morphogenesis in the river basin and its morphological parts. The landscapes of the basins of small rivers have been experiencing anthropogenic load for a long time, so the processes...

Comparative Study of Wireless Technologies Wi-Fi and Wi-MAX

I.V. Hasambiyev, Khadzhiyeva L.K. Khadzhiyeva, I. M. Daudov, I.A. Magomedov
The article presents the comparison analysis of wireless technologies Wi-Fi and Wi-MAX. Today, these technologies are key in modern society, no organization can do without these technologists. The aim of the scientific article is to identify the most popular and sought-after wireless technology, to determine...

Analysis of Chemical Composition of Underground Water

T.N. Ashurbekova, E.M. Musinova, N.G. Isaeva, Z.G. Gadzhimusaeva
The article deals with the problem of the content of toxic elements: cadmium (Cd), lead (Pb) and arsenic (As) in artesian wells of Chervlennaya (Shelkovskiy district), Naurskaya (Naurskiy district), Petropavlovsk (Grozny district) of the Chechen Republic and their impact on the health of the population....

Remediation of Oiled Land

S.A. Bekuzarova, V.B. Zaalishvili, M.Sh. Gaplayev, T.K. Lazarov, A.D. Bekmurzov, G.V. Lushchenko, T.A. Dulayev, M.V. Dzampayeva
To reduce the toxicity of oiled land plants-accumulators were used. Para-aminobenzoic acid and the biological preparation Baikal EM-1 were used with biologics and zeolite-containing clays. It was found that seeding accumulating plants treated with the Baikal EM-1 biological product, repeated watering...

Ecosystem Functions of Forest Park Green Belts of Urban Agglomerations as a Factor Improving the Quality of Living Standards in Conditions of Sparsely Wooded Regions

N.N. Kharchenko, E.V. Moiseeva, N.L. Prochorova
The creation of urban agglomerations green forest belts is one of the conditions for the sustainable development of society. The cities forest parks' green belts helps to form the ecological framework of the territories, thereby increasing the level of quality of life of the population. The data obtained...

Ecological Aspect of the Usage of Ahy and Slag Waste in the Chechen Republic

S-A.Y. Murtazaev, M.Sh. Salamanova, M.Sh Mintsaev, M.S. Saydumov, S.A. Aliev
Nowadays the development of new efficient composites based on secondary resources for high-rise construction is a relevant issue. The basis of the production of high-strength concrete is based on modern technological methods that improve technical, physic and mechanical properties, with the integrated...

Environmental Pollution Monitoring of the Chechen Republic (within the period of 2015-2017)

M.B. Sedieva, U.T. Gayrabekov, D.A. Islamov, E.A. Abubakarova, A.A. Daukaev, Kh.Sh. Zaburaeva, S.V. Badaev, .Sh. Akhmatkhanov
The given paper is focused on methods, resources and aims of environmental pollution monitoring of the Chechen republic. It has been revealed that the existing monitoring system does not meet the modern requirements to transfer operational information to the forecasting centers with the aim to be processed...

The System of Effectiveness Indicators of Environmental Security of an Enterprise under the Conditions of Transition to Low-Carbon Economy

T.V. Maiorova, I.S. Belik, O.S. Ponomareva, S.V. Koptyakova, Litovskaya Litovskaya
The effective use of natural resources, the raise in the level and quality of life are increasingly attracting public attention, as a result of which the data characterizing both the financial performance and non-financial of a company are currently in high demand. Traditional economic evaluation criteria...

Results of Studies of Fuel Efficiency of Diesel Engine When Operating on Multi-Component Fuel

I.I. Storozhev, А.V. Startcev
The article presents the results of bench tests of the diesel engine D-240. To increase the power of the engine, the authors propose using humidification. The optimal cyclic water delivery equal to 17.452±0.87 mg/cycle was obtained. The authors have achieved: an increase in the effective power of the...

The Study of the Transgeneration Genotoxic Effect of Drugs Based on the Analysis of Synaptonemal Complexes in Mouse Spermatocytes

Maret M. Atsayeva, Zura I. Bisultanova, Petimat M. Dzhambetova, Nadezhda Yu. Oyun, Oksana L. Kolomiets
The research employs immmunocytochemical methods to study the synaptonemal complexes (SC), and it targets the primary spermatocytes of mice from the offspring of males who received antimicrobials The males in the offspring of fathers received bacteriophage, nitrofural and cifran. When comparing the total...

Density and Surface Tension Polytherms and Isotherms of Molten Lead-Sodium Alloys

B.S. Karamurzov, V.A. Sozayev, R.A. Kutuev, A.Kh. Shermetov, M.Kh. Ponezhev, A.A. Shokarov
Polytherms of density and surface tension of lead alloys with minor sodium percentages were studied in heating mode in a range from Pb-Na melting temperature to 650°C under the atmosphere of pure Grade A He (99.995 %). It has been established that density and surface tension decrease with increased temperature,...

Numerical Simulation of Induction Heating of Steel Plate Products

Victor Demidovich, Yuri Perevalov, Olga Demidovich
Main methods of induction heating of steel plate products are discussed in this paper. Different 2D and 3D models are developed for investigation and design of the induction coils for heating steel slabs and strip. A new concept of universal induction coils that allow using a combination of longitudinal...

High-Quality and High Mobility Concrete with Complex Nanostructured Additives

A.M. Abdullaev, M.A-V. Abdullaev, Paytayev
The paper presents the study of the influence of complex additives on strength properties of cement concrete. Complex nanostructured additives from various components containing nanosized particles received through the laboratory study are used in experiments. High strength of fine-grained concrete is...

Influence of Plasticizer Introduction Method on the Efficiency of Cement Suspensions

M.S. Saidumov, T.S-A. Murtazaeva, A.Kh. Alaskhanov, M.S-M. Khubaev, R.S-A. Murtazaeva
The paper studies the influence of composition and technological factors on rheological indicators of concrete mixes modified by various chemical additives. The rheological and water-reducing efficiency of super- and hyper-plasticizers in cement suspensions depending on their addition procedure was studied....

Effect of Carbon Dioxide on the Properties and Chemical Composition of Bentonite in Aqueous Suspension

V. Kh. Mezhidov, R.H. Dadashev, Z.Sh. Gatsaev, I.G Gayrabekov
In the process of using drilling muds in the oil and gas reservoirs, bentonite clay accumulates, which precludes their development, if not swelling it with carbon dioxide. The objection of this paper is to present the results of the sedimentation study and the degree of bentonite swelling depending on...

Long-Term Water Saturation of Asphalt Binder Based on Fly Ash

Mikhail Sergeevich Lebedev, Natalia Ivanovna Kozhukhova
The use of fly ash from power plants as a component of paving asphalt concrete has been studied by many scientists for over 100 years. However, there are conflicting data of their effect on properties of composites. The reason for this may be insufficient understanding of the role of fly ash composition,...

Phases, Microstructure, Dielectric and Piezoelectric Properties of Solid Solutions of the NaNbO3 System - CuNb2O6 Prepared From Nb2O5 of Various Qualifications

Kh.A. Sadykov, L.A. Shilkina, I.A. Verbenko, S.I. Dudkina, L.A. Reznichenko
It is established that the physicochemical state of niobium pentoxide of various qualifications influences the properties of solid solutions of the binary system NaNbO3 - CuNb2O6. The article shows, that for practical purposes it is possible to use technical Nb2O5. Moreover, it shows that solid solutions...

Dynamics of Changes in Mechanical Properties of Polybutylene Terephthalate and Polybutylene Terephthalate-Polyethylene Compositions in Aggressive Liquid Media

Madnat Magomedovna Akayeva
The paper describes results of the study on polybutylene terephthalate and polybutylene terephthalate-polyethylene having high chemical resistance. The article shows the dynamics of changes in values (Ap), (Ey), (?t) (?p), (?p) depending on the composition and exposure time under unloading which is close...

Mathematical Modelling of Fluid Motion in Borewell Filtering Devices

N.D. Bulchaev, A.Sh. Khaladov, I.I. Aliyev, Yu.V. Zeygman, Yu.A. Kotenev
The use of equations known in filtering theory to determine parameters of fluid motion through filters of various designs used in the oil industry to clean up the products from mechanical impurities is described. Analytical studies and calculations have been carried out to determine the speed of fluid...

The Results of Numerical Modeling of Active Influence on Hail Clouds

Boris A. Ashabokov, Lyudmila M. Fedchenko, Shapovalov, Vitaly A. Shapovalov
The article discusses the state of cloud physics and active influences exerted on them. The current period of time is considered as a transition for this scientific direction: the stage of studying "elementary" processes in clouds has been completed and a new stage of formation and development of clouds,...

Influence of Temperature Changes in Lower Atmosphere on Dynamics of Glaciers and Height of Snow Line on Elbrus

R.Kh. Kalov, Kh.M. Kalov, M.Yu. Bekkiyev, A.A. Tashilova, L.A. Kesheva, Kh.M. Kalov, A.A. Tashilova, L.Zh. Shugunov, T.L. Shugunov
The results of monitoring of the surface atmosphere temperature in the Elbrus region for the period of 1961-2017, including the period of intensive climate warming (1976-2017), are presented. It has been established that in summer seasons average temperatures have increased significantly. The growth...