Proceedings of the International Symposium “Engineering and Earth Sciences: Applied and Fundamental Research” (ISEES 2018)

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109 articles
Proceedings Article

Ecotoxicants in the System Water-Soil-Plant and Possible Risks to Public Health

Tamila Nasirovna Ashurbekova, Zaira Gadzhievna Natalia Gadzhibutaevna, Natalia Gadzhibutaevna Isaeva, Elmira Mugutdinovna Musinova
The article presents the results of a study on the content of arsenic, lead, cadmium and mercury in water, soil and in plant products that are directly used by humans for nutrition. During four years of observation, water analysis demonstrates high arsenic concentrations. The arsenic content ranges from...
Proceedings Article

Analysis of Chemical Composition of Underground Water

T.N. Ashurbekova, E.M. Musinova, N.G. Isaeva, Z.G. Gadzhimusaeva
The article deals with the problem of the content of toxic elements: cadmium (Cd), lead (Pb) and arsenic (As) in artesian wells of Chervlennaya (Shelkovskiy district), Naurskaya (Naurskiy district), Petropavlovsk (Grozny district) of the Chechen Republic and their impact on the health of the population....
Proceedings Article

Tendencies of Poecilus Cupreus Morphometric Alteration Depending on Habitation Region

R.A. Sukhodolskaya, T.A. Avtaeva, V.V. Brigadirenko, A.L. Antsiferov, Sh.A. Kushaliev
The article presents the changes in physical dimensions of Poecilus cupreus under the influence of various ecological factors. The field data comprising 7 habitats of 4 regions (Tatarstan, Ukraine, Chechen Republic, Kostroma region) was gathered. The morphometric study comprised 6 measuring criteria...
Proceedings Article

Remediation of Oiled Land

S.A. Bekuzarova, V.B. Zaalishvili, M.Sh. Gaplayev, T.K. Lazarov, A.D. Bekmurzov, G.V. Lushchenko, T.A. Dulayev, M.V. Dzampayeva
To reduce the toxicity of oiled land plants-accumulators were used. Para-aminobenzoic acid and the biological preparation Baikal EM-1 were used with biologics and zeolite-containing clays. It was found that seeding accumulating plants treated with the Baikal EM-1 biological product, repeated watering...
Proceedings Article

Ecosystem Functions of Forest Park Green Belts of Urban Agglomerations as a Factor Improving the Quality of Living Standards in Conditions of Sparsely Wooded Regions

N.N. Kharchenko, E.V. Moiseeva, N.L. Prochorova
The creation of urban agglomerations green forest belts is one of the conditions for the sustainable development of society. The cities forest parks' green belts helps to form the ecological framework of the territories, thereby increasing the level of quality of life of the population. The data obtained...
Proceedings Article

Landscape and Geoecological Analysis of Small River Basins Within Nature Protection of Mountain Territories

P.A. Kipkeeva, Ya.V. Volosukhin, Yu.Ya. Potapenko, N.V. Shubayeva
Three large rivers of the North Caucasus, namely the Kuban, the Terek and the Kuma play a key role in water supply of adjacent steppe territories of Ciscaucasia. The mass run-off of these rivers is formed within a mountain relief. The river heads of the Kuban and the Kuma are located in the Karachay-Cherkess...
Proceedings Article

Monitoring of Dangerous Exogenous Geological Processes in the Water Protection Zone of Tsimlyansk Reservoir

A.E. Kosolapov, G.I. Skripka, O.V. Ivlieva, L.A. Bespalova, T. A. Kalimanov
Remotely-piloted aerial vehicle can significantly increase the effectiveness of monitoring the condition and compliance with regulations for using the water protection zones of large water bodies. These vehicles collected the information for examining the water protection zone of the Tsimlyansk Reservoir...
Proceedings Article

Ecological Aspect of the Usage of Ahy and Slag Waste in the Chechen Republic

S-A.Y. Murtazaev, M.Sh. Salamanova, M.Sh Mintsaev, M.S. Saydumov, S.A. Aliev
Nowadays the development of new efficient composites based on secondary resources for high-rise construction is a relevant issue. The basis of the production of high-strength concrete is based on modern technological methods that improve technical, physic and mechanical properties, with the integrated...
Proceedings Article

Unique Natural Objects of Mountain Landscapes of the Chechen Republic

Kh.Sh. Zaburayeva, L.S. Gatsayeva, U.T. Gayrabekov, S.-E.M Dzhabrailov, Asl.A. Daukayev, M.B. Sediyeva, I.A Abumuslimova
The paper considers unique natural objects within the mountain territory of the Chechen Republic (hydrological, paleontological, biological, etc.). It provides information on natural objects qualified as nature sanctuaries, as well as describes unique natural objects (including, paleontological and stratigraphic)...
Proceedings Article

Modern Designs of Forest Fires Machines for Soil Extinguishment of Fire

Ivan Mihailovich Bartenev, Sergey Vladimirovich Malyukov, Maxim Alexandrovich Gnusov, Dmitriy Sergeevich Stupnikov, Alexey Dmitrievich Platonov
Theoretical issues of the use of a fire-fighting soil-thrower for extinguishing forest fires with the presentation of its practical use in conditions of high fire risk are considered. To assess the effectiveness of the use of new units in the article, a study of the information base for the use of existing...
Proceedings Article

Radiation Monitoring of Agricultural Products as One of The Factors of Ecological Security of Population

A.Yu. Kazakov, S.V Tertychnaya, O. Yu. Totsky
The Chernobyl disaster, which knows no analogies in the world in the scope of radioactive emission and duration, radionuclide composition and physical and chemical discharge forms, led to the large-scale pollution of agricultural lands and products, including animal production. After the Chernobyl disaster...
Proceedings Article

Integral Estimate of Ecological Status of Nalchik

B.M. Khuchunayev, I.S. Daov, O.O. Dakhova, S.A. Bekkiyeva, S.B. Khatefova, L.V. Khuchunayeva, S.O. Gekkiyeva, R.G. Miskarova
The article presents the results of an integral estimate of pollution in Nalchik using the generalized desirability function of Harrington. As a generalized indicator of desirability, the integral indicator of pollution is used. It is based on the pollution estimate of individual components: chemical...
Proceedings Article

Current Problems of Radiation-Ecological Monitoring in Penza Region

М.К. Sayfetdinova, S.V. Tertychnaya, N.А. Vinogradova, O.E. Bezborodova, A.Yu. Kazakov, V.S. Kurakin
The paper presents the measurement results of construction and finishing materials, agricultural products (honey) on the content of radionuclides in Penza and Penza Region. The obtained dependences allow confirming the dependences between a radon exhalation, type of construction and finishing materials....
Proceedings Article

Environmental Pollution Monitoring of the Chechen Republic (within the period of 2015-2017)

M.B. Sedieva, U.T. Gayrabekov, D.A. Islamov, E.A. Abubakarova, A.A. Daukaev, Kh.Sh. Zaburaeva, S.V. Badaev, .Sh. Akhmatkhanov
The given paper is focused on methods, resources and aims of environmental pollution monitoring of the Chechen republic. It has been revealed that the existing monitoring system does not meet the modern requirements to transfer operational information to the forecasting centers with the aim to be processed...
Proceedings Article

The Phyto-Resources Potential of Makazhoy Basin

M.U. Umarov, M.A. Taysumov, Ya. S. Gapaev, D.K.-S. Bataev Bataev, Kh. N. Mazhiev
As the result of preliminary studies in the summer flora of the Makazhoy basin (the Chechen Republic), 10 species of higher vascular plants from… types and 30 families have been taken into account. Among them, the microstructure of the working surfaces confirmed the leading role of fatigue wear of polymeric...
Proceedings Article

Theoretical and Methodological Background to Environmental Training of Students of Technosphere and Fire Safety Profile

О.S. Vinogradov, G.P. Vetlugina, V.Yu. Zaitsev, Kaleda I.A. Kaleda, T.I. Koroleva, Bochkareva L.P. Bochkareva
The paper presents the results of students' environmental training within the Technosphere and Fire Safety profiles. It considers factors influencing the educational process and gives methodical recommendations on students' training within these profiles. The obtained data allow confirming the need to...
Proceedings Article

Tourism and Its Influence on the Environment and Living Standards of the Local Population

V.V. Rudsky, Т.А. Dugarskaya, О.А. Mechkovskaya, I.V. Sidorov
The studies on tourism activities aim to assess the scale and nature of human impact on the environment of Russian regions taking into account the experience of Russian and foreign researchers. It was identified that changes in using natural resources, including recreational environmental management,...
Proceedings Article

The Dependence of Sander Dust as a Filler of Amino-Formaldehyde Adhesives and its Technological Properties

E.V. Kantieva, L.V. Ponomarenko
One of the main characteristics of the quality of plywood is its environmental friendliness, which is characterized by the content of free formaldehyde. It is necessary to use low-toxic amino-formaldehyde resin for the production of plywood with a low emission of formaldehyde. These resins have a low...
Proceedings Article

Mercury in Tissues of Red Fox as Indicator of Environmental Pollution

L.S. Khabarova, E.S. Ivanova, N.Ya. Poddubnaya, A.V. Andreeva, A.P. Selezneva, D.M. Feneva
Twenty-three red foxes (Vulpes vulpes L.) were tested for the presence of mercury in their internal organs. These animals were captured in the Vologda region (Northwest Russia) within 2009 and 2018. The animal's liver, kidneys, muscles, brain, spleen, chyme and intestinal wall were tested. The concentrations...
Proceedings Article

The System of Effectiveness Indicators of Environmental Security of an Enterprise under the Conditions of Transition to Low-Carbon Economy

T.V. Maiorova, I.S. Belik, O.S. Ponomareva, S.V. Koptyakova, Litovskaya Litovskaya
The effective use of natural resources, the raise in the level and quality of life are increasingly attracting public attention, as a result of which the data characterizing both the financial performance and non-financial of a company are currently in high demand. Traditional economic evaluation criteria...
Proceedings Article

Environmental Management in Republic of Crimea Represented by Modeling Use of Big-Diameter Pipelines in Various Operation Modes

M.A. Bandurin, A.A. Mykhailin, V.V. Nefedov
The paper features results of modeling of operating conditions of big-diameter pipelines used for water supply of Crimea. The Russian Federation is a constant member of the group of states having a large share in water resources. 10-15% of total water resources are distributed through the most developed...
Proceedings Article

Mercury Levels in the Hair Of Indigenous Population of the Coastal Area of the Vologda Region, Russia

O.Y. Rumiantseva, E.S. Ivanova, A.S. Elizarova, V.T. Komov, N.Y. Podduobnaia
Mercury or hydrargyrum (Hg) is an important neurotoxin for living organisms. Small doses of mercury can cause various disorders of the nervous system. The US Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA) has established recommended levels of mercury in hair (<1 mg / kg). The main source of mercury for human...
Proceedings Article

Results of Studies of Fuel Efficiency of Diesel Engine When Operating on Multi-Component Fuel

I.I. Storozhev, А.V. Startcev
The article presents the results of bench tests of the diesel engine D-240. To increase the power of the engine, the authors propose using humidification. The optimal cyclic water delivery equal to 17.452±0.87 mg/cycle was obtained. The authors have achieved: an increase in the effective power of the...
Proceedings Article

Ecological Consciousness and Involvement in Cultural and Productive Labor in the Context of Interaction of a Person with the Nature

O.N. Efimova, A.N. Zakharova, G.S. Dulina, S.A. Petunova, N.V. Semenova, T.V. Talanova, N.N. Fomina
Under the conditions of economic changes and transformation of social processes, modern society, entered on the path of sustainable development, has a special purpose - the organization of such a way of life, in which the preservation and enhancement of natural diversity will become an objective need...
Proceedings Article

Development of Soils Containing Heavy Metals in Southwestern Administrative District of Moscow

V.M. Zubkova, N.Yu. Belozubova, F.F. Arslanbekova, O.E. Dryabzhinsky
The article presents the results of ecological and geochemical assessment of the soils of the South-Western administrative district of Moscow on the content of heavy metals. In general, a satisfactory environmental situation was observed. However, in the territories subjected to industrial zones, there...
Proceedings Article

Effects of CYP2D6*4 Polymorphism in the Developmet of Ploygenetic Diseases in Chechen Poplulation

Z.I. Bisultanova, L.G. Molochaeva, P.M. Dzhambetova, Maret M. Atsayeva, Elbek A. Machigov, Aishet M. Plieva
The polymorphic variant of the CYP2D6 A18496G gene was studied as one of the most clinically significant in the MFD etiology in the Chechen population. Statistically significant effect of the GA genotype in relation to malignant breast tumors in women (OR = 1.93 at 95% CI = 1.20-3.09, p = 0.005) and...
Proceedings Article

The Study of the Transgeneration Genotoxic Effect of Drugs Based on the Analysis of Synaptonemal Complexes in Mouse Spermatocytes

Maret M. Atsayeva, Zura I. Bisultanova, Petimat M. Dzhambetova, Nadezhda Yu. Oyun, Oksana L. Kolomiets
The research employs immmunocytochemical methods to study the synaptonemal complexes (SC), and it targets the primary spermatocytes of mice from the offspring of males who received antimicrobials The males in the offspring of fathers received bacteriophage, nitrofural and cifran. When comparing the total...
Proceedings Article

Phase Formation in Contacting Zinc Melting with Indium and Stannic in the Presence of Strontium Impurity and Microhardness of Derived Alloys

A.M. Bagov, T. Kh. Tamaev, A.I. Khasanov, R.T. Uspazhiev, A.M. Gachaev, M-A.V. Zubkhadzhiev
Phase formation during contact melting, including in the presence of electric transfer, in the system indium-zinc and stannic-zinc with the introduction of a small admixture of strontium was studied. The formation of two-component intermetallic compounds has been established. An attempt has been made...
Proceedings Article

Coating of Sodium Aluminosilicate with Sodium Sulphate and Sodium Carbonate in V-Star Reactor

I. М. Bamatov, D. M. Bamatov
The idea of the coating process of powder is to increase the stability and any damage resistances of the detergent. Therefore, the idea of project is to develop the coating process of powder in a continuous flow reactor through the cooling crystallisation. In this project, the coating process will be...
Proceedings Article

Surface Properties of Lead and Zinc Alloys

R.А. Kutuev
This paper presents results of experimental studies on temperature dependence of surface tension, lead alloy density, bismuth lead wetting angles for ferritic martensitic and high-nickel steels, surface tension polytherms, zinc-aluminum-molybdenum-magnesium system (Serbian bronze) density and wettability...
Proceedings Article

Density and Surface Tension Polytherms and Isotherms of Molten Lead-Sodium Alloys

B.S. Karamurzov, V.A. Sozayev, R.A. Kutuev, A.Kh. Shermetov, M.Kh. Ponezhev, A.A. Shokarov
Polytherms of density and surface tension of lead alloys with minor sodium percentages were studied in heating mode in a range from Pb-Na melting temperature to 650°C under the atmosphere of pure Grade A He (99.995 %). It has been established that density and surface tension decrease with increased temperature,...
Proceedings Article

Effective Nature-Like Structural Thermal Insulation and Acoustic Composites Based on Technogenic Raw Materials

V.S. Lesovik, O.V. Puchka, A.A. Volodchenko, E.S. Glagolev, N.V. Chernysheva, I.V. Lashina
One of the most important problems of our time is the creation of fundamentally new, technological solutions in the field of energy saving, rational nature management, creation of environmentally friendly production of composite building materials, which corresponds to the current trends in the development...
Proceedings Article

Magnetic and Magnetostrictive Properties of Rare Earth Intermetallic Compounds

Z.S. Umkhayeva, M. S-S. Khapayeva, Z.S. Khasbulatova, I.M. Aliyev, M-A.A. Gudayev
This work presents an overview of research results in magnetic and magnetostrictive properties of rare earths-based intermetallic compounds conducted by Russian and foreign researchers. A special attention is paid to multicomponent alloys, as variation in component concentration, temperature and external...
Proceedings Article

Numerical Simulation of Induction Heating of Steel Plate Products

Victor Demidovich, Yuri Perevalov, Olga Demidovich
Main methods of induction heating of steel plate products are discussed in this paper. Different 2D and 3D models are developed for investigation and design of the induction coils for heating steel slabs and strip. A new concept of universal induction coils that allow using a combination of longitudinal...
Proceedings Article

Thermoelectric Augmenter of Heat Exchange Between the Flows of Moving Media

R. A-M Magomadov, O.V. Evdulov, U.I. Abdulkhakimov, Sh. A Yusufov, D.N. Kobzarenko, T.A. Ragimova, S.Z. Ziniev
The paper presents the construction of thermoelectric augmenter of heat transfer. The construction uses the constrained blow of air current in the corresponding gaps by means of air moving unit with the objective to increase the coefficient of heat-exchange between thermoelectric junctions and the media...
Proceedings Article

Studying Thermal and Thermomechanical Characteristics of Layered Thermoelements

O.V. Evdulov, U.I. Abdulkhakimov, D.N. Kobzarenko, R. A-M Magomadov, M.A. Khazamova, K.A. Magomedova, Z.S. Sadaeva
The paper considers the model of layered thermoelements. The model enables to study the thermal and thermomechanical processes occurring in it on the basis of solving a transient equation of thermal conductivity, equilibrium equations, the equations of through flow and Neumann equations for the multilayered...
Proceedings Article

The Methodology of the Determination of Accumulated Damage Level and Achievement of the Limit State in Ferromagnetic Steel Structures

I.R. Kuzeev, E.A. Naumkin, A.M. Schipachev, V.A. Gafarova, V.A. Sandakov
The insurance of the safety of extended facilities, such as pipeline systems, raises the issue of continuous monitoring of their technical condition and control of accumulated damage. A similar problem arises in the operation of hazardous facilities with a large surface area, which include oil and gas...
Proceedings Article

Ittrium influence on exchange interactions in Laves phases (Tb1-хYх)0.8 Sm0.2Fe2

Z.S. Umkhaeva, А.S. Ilyushin, I.S. Tereshina, Т.А. Aleroeva, N.Yu. Pankratov
The article provides the results of studying magnetic and magnetostrictive properties of alloys in multi component systems (Tb1-хYх)0.8Sm0.2Fe2 with the substitution parameter х = 0, 0.2, 0.4, 0.6, 0.8, 1. Magnetization and magnetostriction studies are given in a wide temperature range. Compensation...
Proceedings Article

Multichamber Device for Sheet-Metal Treatment Under Pressure

A.A. Musayev, A.A. Elmurzayev, R.V. Betrakhmadov, A.A. Shuaipov, M.A. Saidov, P.S. Tsamayeva, K.Kh. Mazhiyev, L.M. Maseva
The multichamber device belongs to pulsed methods of forming and is mainly intended for use in small-scale production. The process of forming is carried out under pressure of an elastic disk due to kinetic energy of the piston accumulated throughout the working cycle. The piston is accelerated under...
Proceedings Article

Influence of Boride Coating on the Mechanical Properties of Heat-Resistant Cobalt Alloys at Different Temperatures

Alexandr Alexandrovich Afanasiev, Anatoliy Sergeevich Borsyakov
It has been proved earlier, that boriding improves cobalt durabil-ity and that of the alloys under study during treating at room temperatures. The present paper describes the influence of diffu-sive boric coatings on the mechanical properties of cobalt alloys during treating at high temperatures, as...
Proceedings Article

The Assessment of Wear Resistance of Thin-Layer Carbide Coatings under Vacuum Arc Depositio

V.A. Krasnyy, A.Yu. Vazhenin
The presented research considers the tribological properties of titanium carbide coatings TiC and their areas of application. It is noted that titanium carbide TiC is one of the most effective materials used as a wear resistant coating. TiC to the greatest extent satisfies the requirements for coatings:...
Proceedings Article

Evaluation of Fatigue Wear and the Nature of the Destruction of Polymeric Materials

D.K-S. Bataev, Kh.N. Mazhiev, P.U. Goitemirov, M.U. Umarov
As the result of instrumental studies of multicomponent polymeric materials' tribotechnical properties (coefficient of friction, temperature, and microstructure of working surfaces), the leading role of fatigue wear of polymeric materials during their friction for metal is confirmed, and the ability...
Proceedings Article

Surface Characteristics of Nanosized Bentonite Suspensions as a Modifying Component of Cement Composites

A.M. Abdullaev, RKh. Dadashev, Alikhadzhiev, M.A-V. Abdullaev, R.S. Dzhambulatov, M-A.M. Israilov
The paper presents the measured data on interfacial tension of bentonite suspensions and strength of a cement stone in water solutions of Frem Giper S-TB superplasticizer. The interfacial tension of water-surfactant-bentonite suspension is experimentally measured at various concentrations of a bentonite...
Proceedings Article

High-Quality and High Mobility Concrete with Complex Nanostructured Additives

A.M. Abdullaev, M.A-V. Abdullaev, Paytayev
The paper presents the study of the influence of complex additives on strength properties of cement concrete. Complex nanostructured additives from various components containing nanosized particles received through the laboratory study are used in experiments. High strength of fine-grained concrete is...
Proceedings Article

Choice of Low Cost Construction Technologies

G.I. Khanaliev, I.Z. Magomadov, Istamulov, R.A. Mamatsuev, L.S. Aleroeva, A.A. Mallaev, Kh.Kh. Aptaev, N.D. Aysungurov
The paper is devoted to the choice of the best construction technology for further introduction into the corresponding branch of industry in the Chechen Republic. The main purpose of the study is to give an overview of the main modern construction technologies. Key parameters for each innovation are...
Proceedings Article

Materials and Compositions for Enhancing the Load Capacity of Structural-Unstable Soils

I.Ya. Kharchenko, S-A.Yu. Murtazayev, M.R. Nakhayev, Z.Kh. Ismailova, A.Z. Abukhanov
The work is devoted to effective ways to increase the load capacity of buildings bases and structures by impregnating soils with compounds based on complex finely dispersed binder and local raw materials. The article shows that an important factor in the effective injection fixation of structural-unstable...
Proceedings Article

The Construction of the Dolphinarium Building in the Seismic Area

Kh.N. Mazhiev, D. K-S. Batayev, K.Kh. Mazhiev, O.B. Radnaev, A. Kh. Mazhieva, S.Z. Kadiev, Adam Kh. Mazhiev, Aslan Kh. Mazhiev
The article presents the results of research aimed at scientific and technical justification of design solutions underlying the design of the building of the dolphinarium constructed in a seismic area. The findings include the effective technical solutions based on the use of modern composites and traditional...
Proceedings Article

The Usage of Digital Ecosystem in Building Material Industry

S-A.Y. Murtazaev, T.V. Kuladzhi, Kh.E. Taymaskhanov, R.R. Salgiriev, S.A. Aliev
The development of modern industries with innovative technologies for the construction materials industry, including products and structures for construction purposes made of composites and construction plastics, nano-structured and other construction materials is outlined in the "Strategy for the development...
Proceedings Article

The Study of Shrinking Deformations of Repair Compositions on Barkhan Sands

D.K-S. Bataev, A.A. Uzaeva, S.A. Uzaeva, M.A. Uzaev, T.A. Tuzurkaeva
Maximal use of local natural substandard raw materials in the technology of repairing concrete and ferro-concrete structures determines the possibility of obtaining modified repair compositions with improved characteristics based on barkhan sands in order to restore the bearing capacity of products and...
Proceedings Article

Seismic and Wind High-Rise Building Design

Kh. N. Mazhiev, V. B. Zaalishvili, K. Kh. Mazhiev, L. N. Panasyuk, O. B. Radnaev, A. Kh. Mazhieva, Adam Kh. Mazhiev, Aslan Kh. Mazhiev
The article presents the results of wind modeling with the effects on high-rise building in the aerodynamic tunnel; the data were applied to complete the calculations of the load-bearing structures with wind and seismic loads. This resulted in obtaining the forms of natural oscillations of a high-rise...