Artery Research

Volume 10, Issue C, June 2015
Review Article

1. Optimality, cost minimization and the design of arterial networks

Alun D. Hughes
Pages: 1 - 10
The arterial circulation acts as a network to deliver nutrients and oxygen to cells. The design of the cardiovascular system is subject to a variety of constraints and costs. It has been postulated that the design of the arterial network might be understood in terms of the need to minimize competing...
Research Article

2. Hemodynamic investigation of intraluminal thrombus effect on the wall stress in a stented three-layered aortic aneurysm model under pulsatile flow

Mohammad Alagheband, Shahrokh Rahmani, Mansour Alizadeh, Alireza Karimi, Mahdi Navidbakhsh
Pages: 11 - 19
Purpose: Aortic aneurysms occurs when the wall stress exceeds the strength of the vascular tissue. Intraluminal Thrombus (ILT) may absorb tension and reduce the aortic aneurysm wall stress. The purpose of this study is to test the hypothesis that the presence and growth of ILT alters the wall stress...
Research Article

3. Vitamin E attenuates alcohol-induced aortic wall damage in rats

Leila Norouzi, Alireza Shirpoor, Mohammad-Hasan Khadem Ansari, Behrouz Ilkhanizadeh
Pages: 20 - 26
Background: In this study the effect of chronic ethanol consumption on vascular wall abnormality via oxidative stress was examined. It was also intended to find out whether vitamin E inhibits the abnormality induced by ethanol in rat vascular wall. Methods: Twenty-four male wistar rats were divided...
Research Article

4. Aortic root calcification and cardiac risk factors in patients with coronary calcium score greater than zero using multidetector computed tomography

Hasan A. Al-Nafakh, Hussein Nafakhi, Mohammed Abd Kadhim Al-Jiboori, Abdulameer A. Al-Mosawi, Raad H. Tawfeq
Pages: 27 - 31
Background: Vascular calcification is a marker of atherosclerotic burden and is associated with increased risk of cardiac events. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between clinical cardiac risk factors and aortic root calcification (ARC) in patients with a coronary calcium score...
Research Article

5. Validation of a new piezo-electronic device for non-invasive measurement of arterial pulse wave velocity according to the artery society guidelines

Margarita S. Morales, Paula E. Cuffaro, Jessica Barochiner, Marcelo A. Rada, Jose Alfie, Lucas Aparicio, Marcos Marin, Carlos R. Galarza, Gabriel D. Waisman
Pages: 32 - 37
Our aim was to validate a new device for pulse wave velocity (PWV) measurement – Aortic according to the recommendations of the Artery Society and using SphygmoCor as the comparator device. Methods: 85 subjects 18–80 years-old from both sexes were included, divided into 3 age-groups: <30, 30–60 and...
Short Communication

6. A new teaching model of the systemic circulation that incorporates reservoir characteristics

John V. Tyberg, J. Christopher Bouwmeester, Lindsay M. Burrowes, Kim H. Parker, Nigel G. Shrive, Jiun-Jr. Wang
Pages: 38 - 41
A hydraulic teaching model of the human systemic circulation is proposed, based on the principles of the reservoir-wave approach. Reservoir characteristics are portrayed by the arterial tall-and-narrow and venous short-and-wide columns, the relative compliances of which are signified by their diameters....