Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health

Volume 4, Issue 3, September 2014
Research Article

1. Incidence of acute-onset atrial fibrillation correlates with air temperature. Results of a nine-year survey

Ivan Comelli, Jayme Ferro, Giuseppe Lippi, Denis Comelli, Elisabetta Sartori, Gianfranco Cervellin
Pages: 151 - 157
Some diseases, such as renal colic, stroke, and myocardial infarction, correlate with seasonality and microclimatic variations. Although evidence is limited and controversial, a correlation between acute-onset atrial fibrillation (AAF) and seasonality has been previously reported. In order to elucidate...
Research Article

2. Acceptability of, and willingness to pay for, community health insurance in rural India

Ankit Jain, Selva Swetha, Zeena Johar, Ramesh Raghavan
Pages: 159 - 167
Objectives: To understand the acceptability of, and willingness to pay for, community health insurance coverage among residents of rural India. Methods: We conducted a mixed methods study of 33 respondents located in 8 villages in southern India. Interview domains focused on health-seeking behaviors...
Research Article

3. Coverage of vitamin A supplementation and deworming during Malezi Bora in Kenya

Paloma C. Clohossey, Heather I. Katcher, Geoffrey O. Mogonchi, Nancy Nyagoha, Marissa C. Isidro, Evelyn Kikechi, Edgar E.V. Okoth, Jessica L. Blankenship
Pages: 169 - 176
Twice-yearly child health weeks are an effective way of reaching children with essential child survival services in developing countries. In Kenya, child health weeks, or Malezi Bora, were restructured in 2007 from an outreach-based delivery structure to a health facility-based delivery structure to...
Research Article

4. HIV status, knowledge of mother-to-child transmission of HIV and antenatal care use among Ethiopian women

Ida Sahlu, Chanelle J. Howe, Melissa A. Clark, Brandon D.L. Marshall
Pages: 177 - 184
Objective: To determine whether HIV status and knowledge of mother-to-child-transmission (MTCT) of HIV are associated with antenatal care (ANC) use. Methods: Data were obtained from the 2011 Ethiopia Demographic and Health Survey among women aged 15–49 years who agreed to HIV testing and who reported...
Research Article

5. MicroResearch: Finding sustainable local health solutions in East Africa through small local research studies

N.E. MacDonald, R. Bortolussi, J. Kabakyenga, S. Pemba, B. Estambale, K.H.M. Kollmann, R. Odoi Adome, M. Appleton
Pages: 185 - 193
Background: Sub-Saharan African countries have urged grassroots input to improve research capacity. In East Africa, MicroResearch is fostering local ability to find sustainable solutions for community health problems. At 5 years, the following reports its progress. Methods: The MicroResearch program...
Research Article

6. Trend of application of World Health Organization control strategy of tuberculosis in Egypt

Amal Saad-Hussein, Asmaa M. Mohammed
Pages: 195 - 202
World Health Organization (WHO) control policy for tuberculosis (TB) includes Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccine at birth, case detection, and treatment of cases with directly observed therapy short-course (DOTS). This policy has been applied through the Ministry of Health and Population in Egypt...
Research Article

7. Chikungunya outbreak in Al-Hudaydah, Yemen, 2011: Epidemiological characterization and key lessons learned for early detection and control

Mamunur Rahman Malik, Abraham Mnzava, Emad Mohareb, Alia Zayed, Abdulhakeem Al Kohlani, Ahmed A.K. Thabet, Hassan El Bushra
Pages: 203 - 211
Little is known about the occurrence of chikungunya fever in the Eastern Mediterranean Region of the World Health Organization (WHO). In January 2011, the Ministry of Public Health and Population (MoPH&P) of Yemen reported to WHO an increasing number of “dengue-like” acute febrile illnesses of unknown...
Research Article

8. Neonatal mortality in Nepal: A multilevel analysis of a nationally representative

Subas Neupane, David Teye Doku
Pages: 213 - 222
Objectives: This study investigated individual, community and district level factors associated with neonatal mortality among a national sample of Nepalese women. Methods: Data were drawn from the 2006 Nepalese Demographic and Health Survey on women aged 15–49 who delivered within three years prior...
Research Article

9. Mammography use among women with and without diabetes: Results from the Southern Community Cohort Study

Maureen Sanderson, Loren Lipworth, Xijing Han, Alicia Beeghly-Fadiel, David Shen-Miller, Kushal Patel, William J. Blot, Margaret K. Hargreaves
Pages: 223 - 230
Studies have shown an increased risk of breast cancer associated with diabetes which may be due to differences in mammography use among women who have diabetes compared with women who do not have diabetes. Baseline data was used from the Southern Community Cohort Study – a prospective cohort study conducted...
Research Article

10. A prospective, observational, epidemiological evaluation of the aetiology and antimicrobial susceptibility of acute otitis media in Saudi children younger than 5 years of age

Khalid A. Al-Mazrou, Atef M. Shibl, Walid Kandeil, Jean-Yves Pirçon, Cinzia Marano
Pages: 231 - 238
Background: Information regarding acute otitis media (AOM) aetiology is important for developing effective vaccines. Here, bacterial aetiology and antimicrobial susceptibility of AOM were determined in young Saudi children. Methods: Children aged 3–60 months with a new episode of AOM, who had not received...
Short Communication

11. Tracking women and children in a Continuum of Reproductive, Maternal, Newborn, and Child Healthcare (RMNCH) in India

Rajesh Kumar Rai
Pages: 239 - 243
The Continuum of Reproductive, Maternal, Newborn, and Child Healthcare (RMNCH) model is suggested to be an effective tool to improve maternal and child health. This short dispatch proposes that if India pursues the continuum of care model, a well-designed follow-up strategy to track prospective mothers...
Short Communication

12. Objective cardiac markers and cerebrovascular lesions in Indian seniors

Stephanie H. Charles, Amanda C. Tow, Joe Verghese
Pages: 245 - 247
Cardiovascular risk factors are implicated in cerebrovascular disease, resulting in cognitive impairment. This study investigated the relationship between objective cardiac markers and cerebral changes in older Indian adults with and without dementia. Dementia patients with major electrocardiographic...