Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health

Volume 5, Issue 1, March 2015
Research Article

2. Counselling services in prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) in Delhi, India: An assessment through a modified version of UNICEF-PPTCT tool

Arvind Kumar, Bir Singh, Yadlapalli S. Kusuma
Pages: 3 - 13
The study aims to assess the counselling services provided to prevent mother to child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) under the Indian programme of prevention of parent-to-child transmission of HIV (PPTCT). Five hospitals in Delhi providing PMTCT services were randomly selected. A total of 201 post-test...
Research Article

3. The Malay version of the brief questionnaire on smoking urge: Translation and psychometric properties of the questionnaire

Ali Qais Blebil, Syed Azhar Syed Sulaiman, Mohamed Azmi Hassali, Juman Abdulelah Dujaili, Alfian Mohamed Zin
Pages: 15 - 22
This study aimed to evaluate the psychometric properties of Malay translated version of the brief questionnaire of smoking urges (QSU-Brief). The translation procedure was done following the standard guidelines. The reliability and validity of the Malaysian version scale were evaluated based on the data...
Research Article

4. Evaluation of the certificate in emerging infectious disease research and the certificate in one health training programs, University of Florida

Marissa A. Valentine, Christopher L. Perdue, James F. Cummings, Jacqueline C. Smith, Gregory C. Gray
Pages: 23 - 31
In developing countries, public health professionals and scientists need targeted training and practical skills to respond to global emerging infectious disease threats. The Certificate in Emerging Infectious Disease Research was developed in 2008 to aid such professionals to respond to complex emerging...
Research Article

5. Establishing a field epidemiology elective for medical students in Kenya: A strategy for increasing public health awareness and workforce capacity

Wences Arvelo, Zeinab Gura, Samuel Amwayi, Petra Wiersma, Jared Omolo, Steven Becknell, Donna Jones, Dismas Ongore, Richard Dicker
Pages: 33 - 39
Medical students have limited exposure to field epidemiology, even though will assume public health roles after graduation. We established a 10-week elective in field epidemiology during medical school. Students attended one-week didactic sessions on epidemiology, and nine weeks in field placement sites....
Research Article

6. The association between development assistance for health and malaria, HIV and tuberculosis mortality: A cross-national analysis

Allan J. Hsiao, Connor A. Emdin
Pages: 41 - 48
Development assistance for health (DAH) and foreign aid have been criticized for being poorly associated with health and economic outcomes on a national level. This study is an attempt to examine whether DAH targeted specifically to malaria, HIV and tuberculosis (TB) is associated with changes in malaria,...
Research Article

7. Metabolic parameters and blood pressures achieved by diabetic patients at two health care facilities in south Trinidad

Ganga Bhagirathee, Rohan G. Maharaj
Pages: 49 - 56
Background: Previous studies have demonstrated poor metabolic and blood pressure control in the diabetic population in Trinidad. The aim of this study is to compare baseline and follow-up metabolic parameters and blood pressures taken within a 16-month period to ascertain if there have been improvements. Method:...
Research Article

8. The association between disability and cognitive impairment in an elderly Tanzanian population

Catherine L. Dotchin, Stella-Maria Paddick, William K. Gray, Aloyce Kisoli, Golda Orega, Anna R. Longdon, Paul Chaote, Felicity Dewhurst, Matthew Dewhurst, Richard W. Walker
Pages: 57 - 64
Cognitive impairment is thought to be a major cause of disability worldwide, though data from sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) are sparse. This study aimed to investigate the association between cognitive impairment and disability in a cohort of community-dwelling older adults living in Tanzania. The study cohort...
Research Article

9. Does emotion and its daily fluctuation correlate with depression? A cross-cultural analysis among six developing countries

Derwin K.C. Chan, Xin Zhang, Helene H. Fung, Martin S. Hagger
Pages: 65 - 74
Utilizing a World Health Organization (WHO) multi-national dataset, the present study examined the relationships between emotion, affective variability (i.e., the fluctuation of emotional status), and depression across six developing countries, including China (N = 15,050); Ghana (N = 5,573); India (N...
Research Article

10. Anaesthesia, surgery, obstetrics, and emergency care in Guyana

H.J. Vansell, J.J. Schlesinger, A. Harvey, J.P. Rohde, S. Persaud, K.A. McQueen
Pages: 75 - 83
The surgical and anaesthesia needs of low-income countries are mostly unknown due to the lack of data on surgical infrastructure and human resources. The goal of this study is to assess the surgical and anaesthesia capacity in Guyana. A survey tool adapted from the WHO Tool for Situational Analysis...
Short Communication

11. Factors associated with incident HIV infection versus prevalent infection among youth in Rakai, Uganda

Zoe R. Edelstein, John S. Santelli, Stephane Helleringer, Ashley C. Schuyler, Ying Wei, Sanyukta Mathur, Xiaoyu Song, Tom Lutalo, Fred Nalugoda, Ronald H. Gray, Maria J. Wawer, David M. Serwadda
Pages: 85 - 91
Factors associated with prevalent and incident HIV infection were compared among sexually experienced Ugandans aged 15–24. Most factors were similar. However, in women, older age and current marriage were associated with prevalent, but not incident, infection. It is important to recognize the limitations...
Letter to Editor

13. Incidence of acute-onset atrial fibrillation correlates with air temperature. Results of a nine-year survey

Ivan Comelli, Gianfranco Cervellin, Jayme Ferro, Denis Comelli, Elisabetta Sartori, Giuseppe Lippi
Pages: 95 - 97