Volume 1, Issue 3, June 2020
Review Article

1. Plant-based Food Products for Antimycobacterial Therapy

Elwira Sieniawska, Magdalena Maciejewska-Turska, Łukasz Świątek, Jianbo Xiao
Pages: 199 - 216
Traditional medicine which is based on the observations of the patient’s condition after administration of herbal remedies describes a vast number of plant species with potential application in Tuberculosis (TB) treatment. However, only a small number of plant derived secondary metabolites were shown...
Review Article

2. Tocotrienols in Bone Protection: Evidence from Preclinical Studies

Maureen L. Meister, Huanbiao Mo, Xiangming Ji, Chwan-Li Shen
Pages: 217 - 225
Osteoporosis is a degenerative bone disease affecting millions, mostly the aging population. Osteoblasts and osteoclasts maintain the balance in bone resorption and formation. Changes occurring in the differentiation, proliferation and activity of these two cell types result in lower bone mass and microarchitecture...
Review Article

3. The Anticancer Activity and Mechanisms of Ginsenosides: An Updated Review

Hongwei Chen, Haixia Yang, Daidi Fan, Jianjun Deng
Pages: 226 - 241
The annual global mortality rate of cancer has increased dramatically. Although various therapies are used for cancer, the results have not been satisfactory. Chemotherapy is currently the most common treatment option. However, serious side effects and drug resistance impede the therapeutic efficacy...
Review Article

4. Black Garlic: Processing, Composition Change, and Bioactivity

Hao Jing
Pages: 242 - 246
Garlic (Allium sativum L.) has been not only consumed as flavor vegetable, but also recorded as a prophylactic and therapeutic medicinal plant since ancient time. Its characteristic pungent flavor limited its application in food product development. Black garlic made from garlic by a thermal processing...
Research Article

5. Feed-induced Variation in the Carotenoid Composition of Brine Shrimp

Jin Huang, Bodi Hui
Pages: 247 - 253
Brine shrimp is a genus of aquatic crustacean, and is considered a dietary carotenoid resource by local residents from eastern China. In the present study, harvested brine shrimp were fed with the dried powders of tomato fruit (Solanum lycopersicum, as a lycopene source), marigold flower (Tagetes erecta...
Research Article

6. Antioxidant Properties and Transepithelial Transportation of Di-/tripeptides Derived from Simulated Gastrointestinal Digestion of Pig Blood Cells Hydrolysates

Xiaojun Ni, Zhenya Zhai, Zhongquan Xin, Chengquan Tan, Yiliang Chen, Jinping Deng, Pinfeng Liao, Limeng Zhang, Zaili Xiao, Baichuan Deng
Pages: 254 - 269
Pig blood is an important by-product of the meat industry, which has not been fully utilized. In this study, Pig Blood Cells (PBC) were hydrolyzed by Alcalase and followed with simulated Gastrointestinal (GI) digestion to generate bioactive peptides. The antioxidant properties and the intestinal epithelial...
Research Article

7. Formation of Three Selected AGEs and their Corresponding Intermediates in Aldose- and Ketose-lysine Systems

Chaoyi Xue, Zhenhua Shi, Zhiyong He, Zhaojun Wang, Fang Qin, Jie Chen, Maomao Zeng
Pages: 270 - 278
Advanced Glycation End Products (AGEs) could be formed with α-dicarbonyl compounds as intermediates; however, simultaneous determination of AGES as well as their precursors and intermediates have rarely been mentioned, so as to investigate the reaction. In this work, lysine was reacted with aldoses (galactose,...