Volume 1, Issue 2, April 2020
1. Natural Polyphenols: A Potential Therapeutic Approach to Hypoglycemia
Chao Zhao, Xuzhi Wan, Sheng Zhou, Hui Cao
Pages: 107 - 118
Natural polyphenols have been reported much attention in recent years for their hypoglycemic actions and diabetes-related pathologies. Free and simple polyphenols can be digested and absorbed in the small intestine, while complex polyphenols are utilized by intestinal flora in the large intestine. Microbial...
2. Laccase-catalyzed, Phytochemical-mediated Protein Crosslinking Conjugates
Tsun-Thai Chai, Jianbo Xiao, Sharmila Mohana Dass, Fai-Chu Wong
Pages: 119 - 125
Laccase is a Class 1 oxidoreductase enzyme, which catalyzes the oxidation of a wide range of phenolic substrates. Previously, several reviews had highlighted on the industrial importance of laccase, including in food industry. Similarly, the ability of laccase to crosslink and polymerize food protein...
3. Emerging Exotic Fruits: New Functional Foods in the European Market
Laura Cornara, Jianbo Xiao, Antonella Smeriglio, Domenico Trombetta, Bruno Burlando
Pages: 126 - 139
The consumption of exotic fruits is rapidly increasing in European countries. Some of these products have attracted much interest due to their alleged properties of preventing malnutrition, over-nutrition, and disease, maintaining a healthy body. Scientific studies on these fruits are multiplying, including...
4. In vivo Modulatory Effect of Coffee (Coffea canephora var. Robusta) on the Expression Levels of Murine microRNA-124-3p Associated with Antioxidant Defenses
Valeria Curti, Manuela Verri, Alessandra Baldi, Marco Dacrema, Irene Masiello, Maurizia Dossena, Maria Daglia
Pages: 140 - 146
Antioxidant activity is one of the most studied properties of coffee as a beverage, and is mainly ascribed to its polyphenol content, although there is limited scientific literature regarding its mechanism of action at the molecular level. In recent years, epigenetics has been featured as a promising...
5. Xanthine Oxidase Inhibitors Screening, Antioxidation, and DNA Protection Properties of Geranium wilfordii Maxim
Yi Liu, Shiyong Mei, Aiping Xiao, Liangliang Liu
Pages: 147 - 155
Geranium wilfordii Maxim is a commonly used traditional medicine and as decoction pieces in drinks for treating acute and chronic rheumatalgia. Earlier research showed it could inhibit xanthine oxidase and had a strong antioxidative activity. In this study, four compounds namely, corilagin, geraniin,...
6. Trypsin-hydrolyzed Corn Silk Proteins: Antioxidant Activities, in vitro Gastrointestinal and Thermal Stability, and Hematoprotective Effects
Tsun-Thai Chai, Shin-Yii Ang, Kervine Goh, You-Han Lee, Jia-Min Ngoo, Lai-Kuan Teh, Fai-Chu Wong
Pages: 156 - 164
The aim of this study was to examine the antioxidant capacity of Trypsin-hydrolyzed corn silk proteins, specifically radical scavenging, ferric reducing and anti-lipid peroxidation activities, as well as stability after heating and simulated gastrointestinal digestion. Among the 1–5-h hydrolysates, the...
7. Synthesis of CdTe Quantum Dots-based Imprinting Fluorescent Nanosensor for Highly Specific and Sensitive Determination of Caffeic Acid in Apple Juices
Ruiqing Long, Te Li, Lihui Wu, Shuyun Shi
Pages: 165 - 172
A facile method for the synthesis of molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs) onto CdTe quantum dots (CdTe-QDs@MIPs) was successfully developed, and for the first time used as a sensitive fluorescent nanosensor for specific and rapid determination of caffeic acid (CA) in apple juices. Sol–gel polymerization...
8. Data Fusion Approach Improves the Prediction of Single Phenolic Compounds in Honey: A Study of NIR and Raman Spectroscopies
Haroon Elrasheid Tahir, Muhammad Arslan, Gustav Komla Mahunu, Jiyong Shi, Xiaobo Zou, Mohammed Abdalbasit Ahmed Gasmalla, Abdalbasit Adam Mariod
Pages: 173 - 180
The combination of Near-Infrared Spectroscopy (NIR) and Raman Spectroscopy (RS) of 100 honey samples collected from different countries were used to develop the calibration model for determination of single phenolic compound. In high-performance liquid chromatography with diode-array detection analysis,...
9. Response Surface Modeling for the Enrichment of Gamma-Aminobutyric Acid with a Minimum Content of Citrinin in Monascus-Fermented Rice
Washim Khan, Omkar Regmi, Mojeer Hasan, Bibhu Prasad Panda
Pages: 181 - 187
γ-Aminobutyric Acid (GABA) is a secondary metabolite produced in Monascus-fermented food. The mycotoxin (citrinin), another major secondary metabolite, is neurotoxic to humans and thus it diminishes the social acceptability of Monascus-Fermented Rice (MFR). The study was aimed to enrich GABA content...
10. Dihydromyricetin Attenuates Streptozotocin-induced Liver Injury and Inflammation in Rats via Regulation of NF-κB and AMPK Signaling Pathway
Lei Chen, Maojun Yao, Xiaoyun Fan, Xiujun Lin, Randolph Arroo, Aline Silva, Bunleu Sungthong, Simona Dragan, Paolo Paoli, Shaoyun Wang, Hui Teng, Jianbo Xiao
Pages: 188 - 195
Dihydromyricetin (DHM) dramatically improved the quality of life for Streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats and significantly increased the activity of antioxidant enzymes in the liver. Moreover, DHM successfully ameliorated diabetes-induced liver damage by suppression of apoptosis in the liver,...
11. Life under Extreme Conditions: Aeropyrum pernix and Pernisine
Nataša Poklar Ulrih
Pages: 196 - 198