International Journal of Computational Intelligence Systems

Volume 4, Issue 6, December 2011

1. Laser Radar based Vehicle Localization in GPS Signal Blocked Areas

Ming Yang, Chunxiang Wang, Hui Fang, Bing Wang
Pages: 1100 - 1109
Reliable vehicle localization is a basic requirement in many applications in transportation field. GPS-based localization is quite popular nowadays. However, in urban environments applications, signal of GPS is often blocked by surrounding objects like high-rise buildings, tunnels, overhead roads, etc,...

2. A Generalized Dynamic Model of Geared System: Establishment and Application

Hui Liu, Mingzheng Wang, Zhongchang Cai
Pages: 1110 - 1121
In order to make the dynamic characteristic simulation of the ordinary and planetary gears drive more accurate and more efficient , a generalized dynamic model of geared system is established including internal and external mesh gears in this paper. It is used to build a mathematical model, which achieves...

3. Assessment of Expressway Traffic Safety Using Gaussian Mixture Model based on Time to Collision

Sheng Jin, Xiaobo Qu, Dianhai Wang
Pages: 1122 - 1130
Traffic safety is of great significance, especially in urban expressway where traffic volume is large and traffic conflicts are highlighted. It is thus important to develop a methodology that is able to assess traffic safety. In this paper, we first analyze the time to collision (TTC) samples from traffic...

4. Implementing EW Receivers Based on Large Point Reconfigured FFT on FPGA Platforms

He Chen, Xiujie Qu, Yuedong Luo, Chenwei Deng
Pages: 1131 - 1139
This paper presents design and implementation of digital receiver based on large point fast Fourier transform (FFT) suitable for electronic warfare (EW) applications. When implementing the FFT algorithm on field-programmable gate array (FPGA) platforms, the primary goal is to maximize throughput and...

5. A New Measurement Method to Calculate Similarity of Moving Object Spatio-Temporal Trajectories by Compact Representation

Xiuli Zhao, Xu Weixiang
Pages: 1140 - 1147
A new measurement method is proposed to calculate spatio-temporal trajectory similarity, which can reflect the similar degree between two moving object spatio-temporal trajectories compressed by the Maximal Bounding Boxes (MBB). Firstly, the similarity between two trajectories is replaced by the similarity...

6. Adaptive Fuzzy Control for Path Tracking of Underactuated Ships Based on Dynamic Equilibrium State Theory

Dehui Qiu, Qinglin Wang, Jie Yang, Jinhua She
Pages: 1148 - 1157
This paper presents an adaptive fuzzy backstepping control method that incorporates the dynamic equilibrium state (DES) theory to carry out path tracking for underactuated ships in presence of parameter variations and external disturbances induced by wind, wave and current. First, the optimal DES reference...

7. Determination of the Skip-Stop Scheduling for a Congested Transit Line by Bilevel Genetic Algorithm

Huimin Niu
Pages: 1158 - 1167
This study focuses on how to determine the skip-stop scheduling for a congested urban transit line during the morning rush hours. A transit schedule with uneven headways and skip-stop operations is adopted to match the time-dependent demands and accelerate the circulative utilizations of vehicles. This...

8. Design of Fuzzy Enhanced Hierarchical Motion Stabilizing Controller of Unmanned Ground Vehicle in Three DimensionalSpace

Yue Ma, Changle Xiang, Quanmin Zhu, Qingdong Yan, Alan Winfield
Pages: 1168 - 1178
In this paper, stabilizing control of tracked unmanned ground vehicle in 3-D space was presented. Firstly, models of major modules of tracked UGV were established. Next, to reveal the mechanism of disturbances applied on the UGV, two kinds of representative disturbances (slope and general disturbances...

9. Phase Plane Analysis for Vehicle Handling and Stability

Hao Zhang, Xian-sheng Li, Shu-ming Shi, Hong-fei Liu, Rachel Guan, Li Liu
Pages: 1179 - 1186
Nonlinear stability analysis of phase plane is one of the most classic and effective methods. Based on established two degrees of freedom (2 DOF) vehicle model, combined with magic formula tire mode, phase plane analysis is used to study vehicle motion characteristics in various initial conditions. In...

10. Model-based simulation of driver expectation in mountainous road using various control strategies

Wuhong Wang, Weiwei Guo, Yan Mao, Xiaobei Jiang, Hongwei Guo, Geert Wets, Weihan Zhang
Pages: 1187 - 1194
Driver expectation is about driver's objective response and expectation for various traffic environments. It might directly influence the driving safety and traffic operation. This paper discusses in enough detail the shaping mechanism of driver expectation while considers road geometer parameters, driver...

11. Hybrid Intelligent Algorithm for Determining Network Capacity with Transportation Time Reliability Constraints

Wangtu Xu, Yuan Li, Hui Wang, Peifeng Hu
Pages: 1195 - 1203
Motivated by a problem in the commodity transportation, a mathematical model is developed to calculate capacity of single-commodity network when the time reliability levels of transporting commodity between origin-destination pairs are constrained. We use a hybrid intelligent algorithm, in which genetic...

12. Research on Dynamic Coupled Characteristics of A Tracked Vehicle Gearbox

Hui Liu, Changle Xiang, Shengping Fu
Pages: 1204 - 1215
A tracked vehicle gearbox is divided into two subsystems-housing and gear train. Dynamic behaviors of the two subsystems are coupled practically. And the coupled characteristics describe the integrative dynamic behaviors of gearbox. This study proposes a coupled simulation model to investigate the interrelationship...

13. The Topological Analysis of Urban Transit System as a Small-World Network

Zhaosheng Yang, Huxing Zhou, Peng Gao, Hong Chen, Nan Zhang
Pages: 1216 - 1223
This paper proposes a topological analysis of urban transit system based on a functional representation network constructed from the urban transit system in Beijing. The representation gives a functional view on nodes named a transit line. Statistical measures are computed and introduced in complex network...

14. A reliability-based approach of fastest routes planning in dynamic traffic network under emergency management situation

Ye Sun
Pages: 1224 - 1236
In order to establish an available emergency management system, it is important to conduct effective evacuation with reliable and real time optimal route plans. This paper aims at creating a route finding strategy by considering the time dependent factors as well as uncertainties that may be encountered...

15. Study on Driving Dangerous Area in Road Curved Section Based on Vehicle Track Characteristics

Yuan-yuan Ren, Xian-sheng Li, You Ren, Rachel Guan, Wei-wei Guo
Pages: 1237 - 1245
Plenty of experiments and data analysis of vehicle track type in road curved section show that the deviation and the crossing characteristics of vehicle track paths are directly related to the driving stability and security. In this paper, the concept of driving dangerous area in curved section was proposed...

16. Bit Error Rate Performance Bounds of SC-FDE under Arbitrary Multipath Mobile Communication Channels in Transportation

Xiujie Qu, Mingke Dong, Wujun Wang, Wenyang Guan
Pages: 1246 - 1235
This paper focuses on the bit error rate (BER) performance of intelligent transportation communication system under multi-path mobile frequency-selective channels. After presenting the theoretical BER performance formula of single carrier frequency domain equalization (SC-FDE) in the form of double integral,...

17. Applicable Prevention Method of Braess Paradox in Urban Traffic Flow Guidance System

Zhaosheng Yang, Peng Gao, Mo Li, Nan Zhang
Pages: 1254 - 1261
Urban Traffic Flow Guidance System (UTFGS) may cause the overreaction and concentration of travelers and lead to the phenomenon of Braess Paradox. The paper develops a constrained K-shortest paths algorithm within a dynamic restricted searching area in consideration of realistic road network spatial...

18. Dimensional Quality Oriented Reliability Modeling for Complex Manufacturing Processes

Faping Zhang, Jiping Lu, Yan Yan, Shuiyuan Tang, Chao Meng
Pages: 1262 - 1268
The stability of process is certainly one of the most important aspects to fulfill the task. Now, it is still a challenge to put forward a model to deal with the stability of manufacturing process mathematically. Aiming at solving the problem, this paper discusses the issues by the notion of manufacturing...

19. Extraction and Recognition Methods of Vehicle Driving Tendency Feature Based on Driver vehicle-environment Dynamic Data under Car Following

Xiaoyuan Wang, Jinglei Zhang
Pages: 1269 - 1281
Driving tendency is the comprehensive embodiment of driver's physiological and psychological characteristics. It reflects driver's psychological condition during the process of driving. Identification of the driving tendency has great significance to researching of the driver assistant system, especially...

20. Simulation of Assembly Tolerance and Characteristics of High Pressure Common Rail Injector

Jiping Lu, Shuiyuan Tang, Yong Zhou, Jing Hong, Zhonghua Jian
Pages: 1282 - 1289
Fuel injector is the key part of a high-pressure common rail fuel injection system. Its manufacturing precision and assembly quality affect system's property and performance. According to the characteristics and demands of assembly of the fuel injector, an intelligent optimization algorithm is proposed...

21. A Study on Guide Sign Validity in Driving Simulator

Wei Zhonghua, Chen Xuemei, Gong Ming
Pages: 1290 - 1297
The role of guide sign to inform road user about the information of network is important. How to design and locate guide sign to increase traffic operation efficiency is a key point for traffic engineers. Driving simulator is useful devised to study guide sign in the process and system control. For the...

22. A Calibration Method for A Linear Structured Light System with Three Collinear Points

Yan Liu, Qinglin Wang, Yuan Li, Jinhua She
Pages: 1298 - 1306
A calibration method to calibrate both the camera intrinsic parameters and the structured light projector based on three collinear points with any known distance is presented. First, fix one point of the target and move it in the camera field of view with unknown viewpoint at least six times. Next, use...

23. Investigation of commuting and non-commuting travel features for the popularization of public transportation system

Ye Sun, Xinmiao Yang
Pages: 1307 - 1318
The increasing travel demands and the growing diversity of trip purposes in megacities are placing more pressure on the urban transportation system, and there is an urgent need to popularize public transportation and control the exploding increase in travels by private cars. In order to enhance the competence...

24. A Nonlinear Optimal Guidance Law with Terminal Impact Angle Constraint

Haoping She, Shuxing Yang, Hui Ni, Horst Baier
Pages: 1319 - 1324
State-dependent Riccati equation (SDRE) techniques are rapidly emerging as general design methods for nonlinear controllers. A nonlinear optimal guidance law with impact angle constraint is derived for planar engagements to attack stationary targets. The guidance problem is formulated as an infinite...

25. Crash Severity Evaluation for Unsignalized Intersection Using Conflict Data

Rui Li, Wenquan Li, Linheng Li, Changjiang Zheng, Bin Ran, Yang Cheng
Pages: 1325 - 1333
This paper evaluates crash severity of unsignalized intersection using Conflict Index. Crash and Conflict Severity Model is developed to show the relationship between Crash Index and Conflict Index. The validity and reliability of this model are proved by comparing the Model Ranking and Wisconsin Statewide...

26. Safety analysis of independent columns mounted on isolated bearing system

Yu Dang, Chenghao Liu, Hong Zhao
Pages: 1334 - 1341
This paper explores the safety performance of independent column mounted on isolated bearing. Considering large displacement of the isolator bearing under earthquake, the accumulated permanent deformations in the independent column may render gravity forces the dominant forces and make the system collapse...

27. Application and evaluation about obstacle edge extraction technology in the parking assistant system

Sang Feng, Xingbin Chen, Shuohua Chen, Xiao Lu
Pages: 1342 - 1349
The obstacle edge detection technology used in the parking assistant system helps drivers avoid obstacles, especially for inexperienced drivers. Reversing image processing, as part of smart driving, must meet the parking requirements of real-time and accuracy. Processing system should convert the color...

28. Car Travel Time Estimation near a Bus Stop with Non-motorized Vehicles

Yang Xiaobao, Huan Mei, Guo Hongwei, Gao Liang
Pages: 1350 - 1357
Real time system for vehicle travel time and traffic flow is an essential part of Intelligent Transportation Systems. In many Chinese cities, the interactions among buses, bicycles and cars bring difficulty to travel time prediction and traffic safety management. The aim of this paper is to develop a...

29. A Novel Description Method for Track Irregularity Evolution

Peng Xu, Rengkui Liu, Futian Wang, Quanxin Sun, Hualiang Teng
Pages: 1358 - 1366
Track Irregularity has a significant influence on the safety of train operation. Due to the fact that the extremely large number of factors affect track irregularity it is challenging to find a concise yet effective mathematical method to describe the evolution of track irregularity. In this paper, inspection...

30. A New Approach to High-accuracy Road Orthophoto Mapping Based on Wavelet Transform

Ming Yang, Chunxiang Wang, Fang Chen, Bing Wang, Hao Li
Pages: 1367 - 1374
Existing orthophoto map based on satellite photography and aerial photography is not precise enough for road marking. This paper proposes a new approach to high-accuracy orthophoto mapping. The approach uses inverse perspective transformation to process the image information and generates the orthophoto...

31. Study on Evaluation Indicators System of Crowd Management for Transfer Stations Based on Pedestrian Simulation

Guanghou Zhang, Yanyan Chen, Pingpu Li, Simon Fibbe
Pages: 1375 - 1382
Improving safety and convenience of transfer is one of the most vital tasks in subway system planning, design and operation management. Because of complicated space layout and crowded pedestrian, crowd control is a big challenge for management of transfer stations. Thus, a quantitative evaluation should...

32. Robust and Real-Time Traffic Lights Recognition in Complex Urban Environments

Chunxiang Wang, Tao Jin, Ming Yang, Bing Wang
Pages: 1383 - 1390
The traffic lights play an indispensable role in urban road safety and researches on intelligent vehicles become more popular recently. In this paper an automatic system for robust and real-time detection and recognition of traffic lights for intelligent vehicles based on vehicle-mounted camera is proposed....

33. A Comparison of Traffic Operations among Beijing and Several International Megacities

Yuanzhou Yang, Jing Yang, Baohua Mao, Shaokuan Chen, Hongwei Guo
Pages: 1391 - 1400
High-Efficient traffic system is very important for economy and society of cities. Previous studies on the traffic comparison mostly took a city as a whole, but ignored the differences among areas inside the city. But in fact, the traffic congestion in different areas with a city is mostly different....

34. Influence of Stretching-Segment Storage Length on Urban Traffic Flow in Signalized Intersection

Weiwei Guo, Wuhong Wang, Geert Wets, Dianhai Wang, Yan Mao, Xiaobei Jiang, Hongwei Guo
Pages: 1401 - 1406
Intelligent traffic control is influenced by Stretching-segment design, parameters optimization of traffic control have to consider saturation flow rate in approach. Many intersections with different stretching-segment design forms are selected to study on saturation flow rate at peak rush hour and ordinary...

35. Situational Factors of Influencing Drivers to Give Precedence to Jaywalking Pedestrians at Signalized Crosswalk

Xiaobei Jiang, Wuhong Wang, Yan Mao, Klaus Bengler, Bubb Heiner
Pages: 1407 - 1414
A large number of fatalities are caused by the vehicle-pedestrian accidents. Under a potential conflict between the vehicle and jaywalking pedestrian, giving precedence to the pedestrian will be a proper decision taken by the driver to avoid collision. Field traffic data has been collected by video recording...

36. Cellular automaton simulation of counter flow with paired pedestrians

Hui Xiong, Xuedong Guo, Wuhong Wang, Huachun Tan, Heng Wei
Pages: 1415 - 1421
Knowledge on pedestrian behavior is the basis to build decision support system for crowd evacuation management in emergency. In this paper, the impact of paired walking behavior on pedestrian counter flow in a channel is studied. The pedestrian walking behaviors are simulated by the cellular automaton...

37. Edge Eigenface Weighted Hausdorff Distance for Face Recognition

Huachun Tan, Yu-jin Zhang, Wuhong Wang, Guangdong Feng, Hui Xiong, Jie Zhang, Yong Li
Pages: 1422 - 1429
The different face regions have different degrees of importance for face recognition. In previous Hausdorff distance (HD) measures, points are treated as same importance, or weight different points that calculated from gray domain. In this paper, a new weighting function of HD based on the eigenface...