Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health

Volume 7, Issue 4, December 2017
Review Article

2. Incidence and prevalence rates of diabetes mellitus in Saudi Arabia: An overview

Abdulellah Alotaibi, Lin Perry, Leila Gholizadeh, Ali Al-Ganmi
Pages: 211 - 218
Objective: This study aimed to report on the trends in incidence and prevalence rates of diabetes mellitus in Saudi Arabia over the last 25 years (1990–2015). Design: A descriptive review. Methods: A systematic search was conducted for English-language, peer reviewed publications of any research design...
Research Article

3. Before reaching the last mile’- Knowledge, attitude, practice and perceived barriers related to tuberculosis directly observed therapy among ASHA workers in Central India: A mixed method study

Akash Ranjan Singh, Abhijit Pakhare, Arun M. Kokane, Hemant Deepak Shewade, Ashish Chauhan, Abhishek Singh, Arti Gangwar, Prahlad Singh Thakur
Pages: 219 - 225
Introduction: Community-based direct observed treatment (DOT) providers are an important bridge for the national tuberculosis programme in India to reach the unreached. The present study has explored the knowledge, attitude, practice and barriers perceived by the community-based DOT providers. Methods:...
Research Article

4. Low pre-diagnosis attrition but high pre-treatment attrition among patients with MDR-TB: An operational research from Chennai, India

Hemant Deepak Shewade, Dina Nair, Joel S. Klinton, Malik Parmar, J. Lavanya, Lakshmi Murali, Vivek Gupta, Jaya Prasad Tripathy, Soumya Swaminathan, Ajay M.V. Kumar
Pages: 227 - 233
Background: Worldwide, there’s concern over high pre-diagnosis and pre-treatment attritions or delays in Multidrug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) diagnosis and treatment pathway (DTP). We conducted this operational research among patients with presumptive MDR-TB in north and central Chennai, India to...
Research Article

5. Assessment of metabolic syndrome in Kashmiri population with type 2 diabetes employing the standard criteria’s given by WHO, NCEPATP III and IDF

Shafat Lone, Kouser Lone, Saika Khan, Rafiq Ahmed Pampori
Pages: 235 - 239
Background: Around 20–25 percent of the world’s adult populations have the metabolic syndrome and they are twice as likely to die from heart attack or stroke compared with people without the syndrome. The World Health Organization proposed a definition for the metabolic syndrome in 1998 and later on...
Research Article

6. Pulmonary tuberculosis in Patna, India: Durations, delays, and health care seeking behaviour among patients identified through household surveys

Nerges Mistry, Eunice Lobo, Shimoni Shah, Sheela Rangan, Yatin Dholakia
Pages: 241 - 248
Background: Delays in accessing effective health care plays a pivotal role in increasing Tuberculosis (TB) transmission within the community. Patna, North India, with high levels of poverty and weak public health system, faces huge challenges for achieving effective TB control. The study aims to determine...
Research Article

7. Establishing a cohort in a developing country: Experiences of the diabetes-tuberculosis treatment outcome cohort study

Fatima Mukhtar, Zahid A. Butt
Pages: 249 - 254
Background: Prospective cohort studies are instrumental in generating valid scientific evidence based on identifying temporal associations between cause and effect. Researchers in a developing country like Pakistan seldom undertake cohort studies hence little is known about the challenges encountered...
Research Article

8. Prenatal care utilization in Zimbabwe: Examining the role of community-level factors

Marshall Makate, Clifton Makate
Pages: 255 - 262
This paper assesses the importance of community-level factors on prenatal care utilization in Zimbabwe. The analysis is performed using data from the two most recent rounds of the nationally representative Demographic and Health Survey for Zimbabwe conducted in 2005/06 and 2010/11 linked with other community-level...
Research Article

9. Characterization of SCCmec and spa types of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolates from health-care and community-acquired infections in Kerman, Iran

Yaser Fasihi, Somayeh Kiaei, Davood Kalantar-Neyestanaki
Pages: 263 - 267
Spread of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) isolates is a worldwide problem. Molecular typing is a useful tool to understand MRSA epidemiology. Herein, we determined vancomycin-resistant, SCCmec and spa types among MRSA isolates recovered from healthcare and community-acquired infections...
Research Article

10. Effect of exclusive cigarette smoking and in combination with waterpipe smoking on lipoproteins

Souheil Hallit, Marouan Zoghbi, Rabih Hallit, Lara Youssef, Rachelle Costantine, Nelly Kheir, Pascale Salameh
Pages: 269 - 275
Objective: A significant increase in total cholesterol and LDL-C is well shown in tobacco users, as compared to non-tobacco users. The additive effects of waterpipe and cigarette smoking on LDL levels have not been studied. The study’s objective was to assess the correlation between cigarette smoking...
Research Article

11. Prevalence of zoonotic tuberculosis and associated risk factors in Central Indian populations

Prachi R. Bapat, Renuka S. Dodkey, Seema D. Shekhawat, Aliabbas A. Husain, Amit R. Nayak, Anuja P. Kawle, Hatim F. Daginawala, Lokendra K. Singh, Rajpal S. Kashyap
Pages: 277 - 283
In the present study, we aimed to estimate the occurrence of bovine tuberculosis (TB) and examine the determinants of distribution of the disease in three high-risk populations of Central India. A prospective cohort study was conducted in Central India between March 2014 and June 2015. Based on the requisite...
Research Article

12. Evidence of ongoing brucellosis in livestock animals in North West Libya

Huda H. Al-Griw, Elfurgani Salem Kraim, Milad E. Farhat, Lorraine L. Perrett, Adrian M. Whatmore
Pages: 285 - 288
Animal brucellosis is thought to be present in small ruminants, cattle, and camels in Libya, particularly in the west coastal strip. Before the system collapsed due to political unrest in 2011, prevalence of the disease did not exceed 0.2% in cattle, 0.1% in camels, 8.3% in sheep, and 14.8% in goats....
Research Article

13. Prevalence of rifampicin-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis among human-immunodeficiency-virus-seropositive patients and their treatment outcomes

C.K. Vidyaraj, A. Chitra, S. Smita, M. Muthuraj, S. Govindarajan, B. Usharani, S. Anbazhagi
Pages: 289 - 294
Multidrug resistant (MDR) and extensively drug resistant tuberculosis (TB) are a threat to the TB control programs in developing countries, and the situation is worsened by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) pandemic. This study was performed to correlate treatment outcome with the resistance patterns...
Research Article

14. Venous thromboembolism risks and prophylaxis in King Fahad Hospital, Madinah, Saudi Arabia

Ayman Kharaba, Mohammad Al Aboud, Madinah Reham Kharabah, Khaled Alyami, Amal Al Beihany
Pages: 295 - 298
Objective: To evaluate the risk factors, physician’s compliance, and implementation of the American College of Chest Physicians (ACCP) guidelines for venous thromboembolism (VTE) prophylaxis at our hospital. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted in King Fahad Hospital, Madinah, Saudi Arabia,...
Research Article

15. Predictors of healthcare seeking delays among children with chronic musculoskeletal disorders in Nepal

Drake G. LeBrun, Divya Talwar, Tuyetnhi A. Pham, Bibek Banskota, David A. Spiegel
Pages: 299 - 304
Background: Healthcare seeking behaviors among children with musculoskeletal disorders are poorly understood. We sought to analyze healthcare seeking delays among children with chronic musculoskeletal conditions in Nepal and identify predictors of clinically significant delays. Methods: A cross-sectional...
Short Communication

16. Diarrheagenic Escherichia coli infections among the children of Andaman Islands with special reference to pathotype distribution and clinical profile

Raghavan P. Ramya, Subarna Roy, Ramanathan Thamizhmani, Attayur Purushothaman Sugunan
Pages: 305 - 308
Diarrhoeagenic E. coli (DEC) is one of the most common causes of diarrhoeal death in children less than five years globally. It is responsible for 30%–40% of all diarrhoeal episodes in developing countries. It is estimated that 0.12 million children died of diarrhoea caused by DEC in 2011 globally. There...