Proceedings of the International Conference and the 10th Congress of the Entomological Society of Indonesia (ICCESI 2019)
Response of Insect Pests to Botanical Insecticide Application on Leaf and Pod Soybean (Glycine max L.) of Organic Farming System
Asmanizar, Syamsafitri, A Arianto
Leaf and pod insect pests are important on soybean (Glycine max L.) in Indonesia, causing loss of seed production. The study was carried out to evaluate the potential of water crude extract mixture of Azadirachta indica seed, Cymbopogon nardus plant and Alpinia galanga rhizome to control leaf and pod...
Host Plants and Pictorial Key of Aphids (Hemiptera: Aphididae) on Food Crops in Bogor and Cianjur Districts, West Java Province
Purnama Hidayat, Siti Fathur Rahmah, Yani Maharani
A few numbers of commonly found aphid species on food crops such as Aphis gossypii and Myzus persicae are well studied, but little is known for other species. This study aimed to determine the species, host plants, and colony characteristics of aphids associated with food crops in Bogor and Cianjur districts....
Population Dynamics of Mites on Monoculture and Polyculture Systems of Calina Papaya During Dry Season
Retno Dyah Puspitarini, Aminudin Afandhi, Bambang Tri Rahardjo
Papaya is an important commercial crop in various industrial sectors. Calina is the predominant variety liked by many communities and growers in Indonesia because of its superior traits and relatively stable price. In its cultivation, phytophagous mites infestations tremendously decrease the yield of...
Response of Coffee Berry Borer (Hypothenemus hampaei) to Alcohol-Based Attractants on Coffee Crops in Banjarnegara, Indonesia
Rostaman, Budi Prakoso
Coffee berry borer (CBB) or Hypothenemus hampei Ferrari is a major insect pest on coffee crops in Indonesia. This pest could be controlled by using attractants that are placed in insect traps. The aim of this study was to examine the number of trapped CBB in alcohol-based attractants that were placed...
Mealybugs (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) Associated with Dragon Fruit in Indonesia
Dewi Sartiami, Nelly Saptayanti, Edy Syahputra, Warastin Puji Mardiasih, Desmawati
Mealybugs were recorded on dragon fruit, Hylocereus undatus (Family: Cactaceae) in Indonesia. The present of certain mealybug species on dragon fruit has become quarantine concern in country where the mealybugs species is absent. The objective of this study was to identify mealybugs species associated...
Effect of Kecombrang (Etlingera elatior) as Larvacide to Control Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae)
Ameilia Zuliyanti Siregar, Mahardika Gama Pradana, Diana Rahmi
Kecombrang (Etlingera elatior) as an Indonesian forest plant (generally called kincung, kantan, honje, vanity, tamarind acid, sambuang, scale beetle, siantan, and kecicang), flowering terna, fruit, and its seeds of Zingebereaceae family which are used as vegetable ingredients spices and control of plant...
Association of Rhinoceros Beetle (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) with Three Agave Plant Species
Sujak, Dwi Adi Sunarto, Nurindah
Rhinoceros beetle (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) is known as a phytophagous insect found associating with Agave spp. and has the potential to become a pest in crop cultivation. Agave is a fiber-producing plant utilized in natural fiber-based industries. This research was carried out with the aim to determine...
Effects of Cattle Integration on Non-Crop Vegetation and Parasitic Hymenoptera Diversity in Oil Palm Plantations in Central Kalimantan, Indonesia
Dani Aldinas, Radhian Prabowo, Damayanti Buchori, Bandung Sahari
Non crop vegetation provides a microclimate, alternative host and food source (nectar) for Parasitic Hymenoptera community. Oil palm-cattle integration system may reduce understorey non crop vegetation and also affects community structure of parasitic Hymenoptera. The aim of this research is to study...
Influence of the Entomopathogenic Fungus, Verticillium lecanii (Zimm.) on the Cocoa Pod Borer, Conopomorpha cramerella (Snellen) Under in-Vitro Conditions
Alam Anshary, Shahabuddin Saleh, Flora Pasaru
Conopomorpha cramerella (Snellen) (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae), known as the cocoa pod borer (CPB), is the main pest on cocoa plantation mainly in the Central Sulawesi Province-Indonesia. This pest significantly reduces cocoa production and the farmers’ income. Entomopathogenic fungi such as Verticillium...
Population of Asian Corn Stem Borer (Ostrinia furnacalis) on F1 of Beauveria bassiana-Inoculated Corn
Itji Diana Daud, Sylvia Sjam, Sari Bulang, Mustika Tuwo
Corn is a commodity in agriculture and Indonesian economic that has a multi-purpose function, both for food and feed. Corn in Indonesia is a major food staple and agricultural commodity after rice. One obstacle in effort to increase the productivity of corn is stem borer Ostrinia furnacalis which can...
Effect of Application of UV Irradiated Beauveria bassiana and Metarhizium anisopliae on Larval Weight and Mortality of Spodoptera litura
Siti Herlinda, Sangkut Sri Oktareni, Suparman, Erise Anggraini, Elfita, Arum Setiawan, Marieska Verawaty, Hasbi, Benyamin Lakitan
Entomopathogenic fungi have been widely used to control insect pests. The objective of this experiment was to find out the insecticidal activity of filtrate of entomopathogenic fungal cultures exposed to ultra violet (UV) C against the larvae of Spodoptera litura. The fungi used were Beauveria bassiana...
Parasitoids of Gall Inducers on Eucalyptus Clones in Mount Mutis, East Nusa Tenggara Province
Betari Safitri, Lindung Tri Puspasari, Damayanti Buchori, Purnama Hidayat
Insect gall inducers are important pests on eucalyptus that formed galls on leaves, twigs, and roots. Many eucalyptus clones have been cultivated and planted for timber production in Sumatera. A study of eucalyptus clone resistance to leaf galls was done in Mt. Mutis, East Nusa Tenggara Province. One...
Pattern of Hymenopteran Parasitoid Community in Oil Palm Plantations: Effects of Age Gradient or Sampling Methods?
Bandung Sahari, Ali Nurmansyah, Syafrida Manuwoto, Damayanti Buchori
In oil palm plantations, there is age gradient that is expected to affect pattern of Hymenopteran parasitoid community. The aim of the research is to evaluate effects of age gradient of oil palm plantations on community of hymenopteran parasitoid. Approximately, six blocks representing three different...
The Rearing of Microplitis manilae (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) on Spodoptera litura Fabricius (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) Feed Different Diets
A good rearing method is one of the keys in successful biological control practices. This also applied on biological control of Spodoptera litura Fabricius (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). The objective of this study is to observe the development of Microplitis (Snellanius) manilae (Hymenoptera: Braconidae)...
Characteristics of Insecticide Formulation Using Surfactant Based on Palm Oil and Its Mortality Effect Against Spodoptera litura
Eka Nur’azmi Yunira, Ani Suryani, Dadang
Pesticide should be formulated to keep bioactivity and to enhance efficiency and safety in application. Insecticide formulations consist of active ingredient and co-formulant. Most active ingredients are poorly diluted in water, so they need adjuvant such as surfactant. Surfactant will help to make a...
Fruit Fly Identification from Fruits and Vegetables of Turikale Maros, South Sulawesi, Indonesia
Itji Diana Daud, Melina, Dayanara Haditama Khomsah, Mustika Tuwo
Indonesia has an abundant production of fruits and vegetables that can satisfy the demands of domestic and export markets. One of the most serious problems in fruit exports is the damage and contamination caused by fruit fly attacks to horticultural produce. Taiwan government rejects 13 types of fruit...
Present Status of Fruit Fly Bactrocera carambolae Drew & Hancock (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Bali Island, Indonesia
I Putu Sudiarta, Febri Eka Wijayanti, I Gede Rai M Temaja, Gusti N A S Wirya, Ketut Sumiartha, Dewa G W Selangga
Bactrocera carambolae, commonly known as the fruit fly, has been reported as a prominent pest for fruits and vegetables around the world. It has been recorded to infect hosts from a wide range of families and was shown to spread worldwide including Indonesia. The identification of species is needed such...
Sialang Honey: Potency, Productivity, and Management in Musi Banyuasin (Case in Lubuk Bintialo Village, Musi Banyuasin Regency, South Sumatra)
Wijaya Hadi Asmara, A Nurlia
Forest honey is one of the Non-Timber Forest Products (NTFPs) produced from Apis dorsata. The existence of Apis is very closely related to the condition of the forest environment. In the Forest Environment A. dorsata has a role in helping to pollinate various plants which are also habitat for them such...
Effect of Different Organic Wastes on the Growth of Black Soldier Fly (Hermetia illucens) Larvae
Firli Azkia Rahmi, Muhammad Yamin, Yorianta Sasaerila
Black soldier fly (BSF) is one of the most promising bioconversion agents for organic wastes and potential nutrient-rich food source for the poultry and aquaculture industries. For these purposes, it is essential to produce edible quality larvae of BSF. This study tested the effect of the oil palm dregs...
Burning Effect of Sugarcane Residue After Cutting on the Diversity of Arthropods in Ratoon Sugarcane
Subiyakto, Sujak, Dwi Adi Sunarto
Burning of sugarcane residue after cutting is often practiced by sugarcane farmers in ratoon sugarcane. Burning of crop residue facilitates soil management in addition to land sanitation needs to avoid pests and diseases in the next planting season. However, until now very limited information on effects...
Morphological Characters and Distribution of the Rice Root Aphids in West Java, Indonesia
Yani Maharani, Harleni, Purnama Hidayat
Information on the rice root aphids in Indonesia relatively little is known. A survey to collect the root aphids on some rice varieties was conducted in 2014-2015 in West Java Province, Indonesia. The collected specimens were carried to the laboratory for further morphological character observation and...
First Report of White Grub Exopholis hypoleuca Wiedemann (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) on Eucalyptus spp. (Myrtaceae) Plantations
Irfan Pasaribu, Heri Sunarko, Jupiter Israel Muro Abad, Srikumar Koda Kkadan, Wagner de Souza Tavares, Álvaro Durán
Eucalyptus spp. (Myrtaceae) is planted in North Sumatera, Indonesia for pulpwood production. This plant is prone to be attacked by insects that are pests in annual crops. The objective of this study was to identify white grub species (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) on Eucalyptus trees in private company PT....
First Report of Fergusonina Gall Fly on Eucalyptus urophylla in Mt. Mutis, Timor Island
Lindung Tri Puspasari, Betari Safitri, Damayanti Buchori, Purnama Hidayat
The gall fly, Fergusonina sp. (Diptera: Fergusoninidae) is known as gall inducer on several species of Melaleuca and Eucalyptus. The gall fly is commonly found associated with nematodes. The first record of the gall fly Fergusonina sp. on the Timor mountain gum, E. urophylla was collected from Mt. Mutis,...
New Record of Leptocybe invasa Fisher and La Salle (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) on the White Gum in Timor Tengah Selatan District, East Nusa Tenggara Province, Indonesia
Lindung Tri Puspasari, Damayanti Buchori, Rosichon Ubaidillah, Hermanu Triwidodo, Purnama Hidayat
The eucalyptus gall wasp, Leptocybe invasa Fisher & La Salle (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) was identified for the first time on the white gum Eucalyptus alba Reinw. ex Blume (Myrtaceae) or known as ampupu in the Timor Tengah Selatan District, East Nusa Tenggara Province, Indonesia. Identification is...
First Record of Mealybug (Paraputo odontomachi Takahashi) and Two Ambrosia Beetles (Amasa sp. and Crossotarsus sp.) on Clove in North Sulawesi
Jackson F. Watung, Max Tulung, Christina L. Salaki
A mealybug Paraputo odontomachi (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) and two species of ambrosia beetles, Amasa sp. (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae) and Crossotarsus sp. (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Platypodinae) on clove trees were recorded for the first time in Minahasa, South Minahasa and South Bolaang...
Assessment of Toxicity and Growth Regulatory Effects of Beta-Cyfluthrin Against Red Cotton Bug, Dysdercus koenigii (Fabr.) (Hemiptera: Pyrrhocoridae): An Emerging Cotton Pest
P Lanbiliu, Roopa Rani Samal, Kungreiliu Panmei, Sarita Kumar
Red Cotton Bug, Dysdercus koenigii (Fabr.) (Hemiptera:Pyrrhocoridae), commonly called cotton stainer, is a damaging pest of cotton and other economical crops in Asia. Nymphs as well as adult of this pest suck the sap from the green bolls and leaves of cotton causing shedding of young bolls, rotting of...
Lufenuron: A Potential Chitin Synthesis Inhibitor Against Aedes aegypti L.
Kungreiliu Panmei, P Lanbiliu, Roopa Rani Samal, Sarita Kumar
Chemical control of dengue vector, Aedes aegypti is impaired due to development of resistance to conventional insecticides. Insect Growth Regulators (IGRs) are considered more suitable and effective vector control agents as they specifically inhibit chitin biosynthesis, a process absent in vertebrates,...
Toxicity of Commercially Available Bar Soap on American Cockroaches (Periplaneta americana)
Mitoriana Porusia, R A P Ratni, S K Dhesi
American cockroach (Periplaneta americana) is a tropical species that can be found in Indonesia and elsewhere. It is of public health importance as it is a vector of some human pathogens. Soap, including bar soap can be used as pesticide for cockroaches. It contains surfactant as an active ingredient....
Thoraxial Antigen-G of House Fly Musca domestica (Muscidae: Diptera) on Serum Immunoglobulin Level of Goats
Laurentius Rumokoy, Geertruida Assa, Sonny Moningkey, Heydi Manangkot, Constantyn Sumolang, Wisje Lusia Toar
The proper control of pathogenic diseases on livestock will have an impact on livestock production itself. An opportunity to control the disease could be done by using insect antigen as an alternative solution. This experiment aims to evaluate the role of insect thoraxial antigen-G extracted from Musca...
Biochemical Characterization of Acetamiprid Resistance in Laboratory-Bred Population of Aedes aegypti L. Larvae
Roopa Rani Samal, Kungreiliu Panmei, P Lanbiliu, Sarita Kumar
The constant rise in cases of Zika, Dengue and Chikungunya worldwide has made control of Aedes aegypti a principal concern. The most recommended plan to control mosquito-borne diseases primarily lies on vector management and disturbing their disease-transmission cycle. Wide-ranging use of different classes...
Effectiveness of Botanical Insecticide Mixture of Neem Seed Extract and Citronella Oil Against Cotton Bollworm (Helicoverpa armigera Hubner) and Armyworm (Spodoptera litura Fabricius)
Sujak, Subiyakto, Dwi Adi Sunarto
Irrational use of synthetic insecticides can cause pollution of water, soil, air, and agricultural products; it affects the health of consumers and agricultural workers, as well as pest resistance and resurgence, killing beneficial animals, and pest outbreaks. Therefore it is necessary to find alternative...
The Prospect of Nanoinsecticide in Controlling Citrus Aphids Aphis gossypii
Susi Wuryantini, Harwanto
Nanotechnology is utilized in various fields including agriculture, one of which is in the botanical insecticide formulation. The material used for the formulation of botanical insecticide nano emulsion was tobacco leaf, which was applied to the citrus aphids, Aphis gossypii. This study aimed to determine...
High-Pressure Water Technology to Control San Jose Scale (Quadraspidiotus perniciosus) (Hemiptera: Diaspididae) on Apple Crops
Otto Endarto, Rudi Cahyo Wicaksono
Quadraspidiotus perniciosus (Comstock) known as San Jose scale is one of the most destructive apple pests in the world. San Jose scale damage all parts of the apple crop throughout the year. The research was conducted to determine the effectiveness and efficiency of High-Pressure Water (HPW) to manage...
Strategies for Controlling Cocoa Pod Borer, Conopomorpha cramerella Snellen, on Cocoa Farmers in Langkat District, North Sumatra, Indonesia
Ahmad Saleh, Armaniar, Abu Hassan Ahmad
Cocoa Pod Borer (CPB) Conopomorpha cramerella Snellen is the primary cause of significant yield loss up to 80- 90% for smallholders. It is hard to control the pest because most of their lives are in cacao pods, which makes them protected from natural enemies and insecticide applications. This study was...
Verification of the Implementation of Land Cover Technology with Plastic Mulch for Control of White Grubs Lepidiota stigma Fabricius in Sugarcane
Dwi Adi Sunarto, Subiyakto
Plastic mulch is one of the cultural practices that can be applied to control white grubs Lepidiota stigma Fabricius (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) in sugarcane. The strategy needs to be tested for its effectiveness in the broader area before it is disseminated to farmers or other users. This study aims...
Scabies Vaccine as a New Breakthrough for the Challenge of Acaricides Resistance
Aryani Adji, Laurentius J M Rumokoy, Christina L Salaki
Scabies is first recorded as far back as 2500 years ago and considered as an ancient disease. It affects around 300 million people every year around the world, and its prevalence is as high as around 60% in children. Several amount of drugs have been used for the disease treatment, but conventional therapy...
The Potential Use of Patchouli Root to Prevent Mosquito Bite
Fardhiasih Dwi Astuti, Putri Puspitasari
Mosquitoes are spread all over the world, mosquito-borne diseases are serious health problems. Mosquito coil can prevent contact between mosquitos and humans. Patchouli (Pogostemon cablin B.) contains active ingredients that can serve as insecticide which are saponin, flavonoid, and essential oils. In...
Molecular Confirmation of Forensic Important Flies Collected in Palembang, South Sumatra
Ahmad Ghiffari, Chairil Anwar, Dalilah, Mansuri, Elfinchia Tiara Switha
The identification of insect species is an important key in forensic entomology. Molecular examination of the nucleotide sequences of cytochrome c oxidase subunit II (COII) gene has been widely performed before the morphology identification. We analyzed the partial conserved COII nucleotide sequence...
Monitoring Lymphatic Filariasis Interventions Through Adult Mosquito PCR Sampling in South Sumatra Province, Indonesia
Ahmad Ghiffari, Rini Pratiwi, Chairil Anwar, Dalilah
Monitoring and evaluation are essential to the successful implementation of mass drug administration programs for lymphatic filariasis elimination. PCR-based methods are preferred over classical dissections with the protocol of one L3 Brugia malayi larva in a pool of mosquitoes. We analysed the partial...
Diversity, Distribution, and Abundance of House Dust Mites on Settlement Region in Bogor
Upik Kesumawati Hadi, Susi Soviana, N Qamariah
The house dust mite (HDM) is a major allergen source and a significant cause of allergic rhinitis and allergic asthma. HDM is commonly found in dust originating from human resident and are mainly found in seats (chairs, sofas, benches), carpets, floors and beds (mattresses, pillows, sheets). This study...
Lactic Acid Bacteria from Honey Bees Digestive Tract and Their Potential as Probiotics
Nurdjannah Jane Niode, Christina L Salaki, Laurentius J M Rumokoy, Trina Ekawati Tallei
Honey bees (Apis spp.) are social insects that possess unique gut microbiota community. There are three main phyla that dominate the honey bees gut microbiota; Proteobacteria, Firmicutes, and Actinobacteria in which several species among them belong to the lactic acid bacteria (LAB). In general, some...
Effect of Gamma Irradiation on the Sterility and Other Quality Parameters of Sterile Male Culex quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae)
Tri Ramadhani, Upik Kesumawati Hadi, Susi Soviana, Z Irawati
Culex quinquefasciatus is a vector of lymphatic filariasis caused by Whuchereria brancofti in Indonesia. Even though sterile insect technique has not been introduced to Indonesia yet, a strong emphasis is being placed on developing effective measures to suppress this vector and to prevent its transmission...
Study and Susceptibility Status of Bedbug Cimex hemipterus (Hemiptera: Cimicidae) in IPB Darmaga Campus Area and Its Surrounding
Susi Soviana, Upik Kesumawati Hadi, E Septiane
Bed bugs infestation in the 1970s was considered disappeared, but since 2000s, re-emergence of bed bugs were reported from all over the world. The study of bed bugs infestation was carried in campus area of IPB University, Darmaga and its surrounding from October 2014 to February 2015. The study was...
Diversity of Mosquito Larvae Breeding Sites in Several Sampling Locations in Donggala Regency, Central Sulawesi, Indonesia
R A Wigati, Malonda Maksud
Mosquitoes live in accordance to physical and biological environment. The aim of this study was to find out the diversity of mosquito larvae. The study was conducted on September 29 to October 31, 2014. Data was collected in six types of sampling locations, which are forest sampling location near settlements,...
Diversity and Abundance of Outdoor Mosquitoes and Their Relationship to Rainfall Index in Binong Village, Tangerang District
Dewi M Yuliani, Upik Kesumawati Hadi, Susi Soviana, E B Retnani
Mosquitoes are distributed worldwide in tropical and temperate regions. The abundance of mosquitoes, provides a significant level of risk in transmitting pathogens and nuisance to humans. The aims of this study were (1) to measure the abundance and dominance of outdoor mosquitoes during daytime and (2)...
Genetic Diversity and Population Structure in Elaeidobius kamerunicus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) Inferred from mtDNA COI and Microsatellite Markers
Ruomenson DJ Bakara, Van Basten Tambunan, Ardha Apriyanto, Yayi M Kusumah, Bandung Sahari, Damayanti Buchori
Elaeidobius kamerunicus Faust (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) is widely known as the main pollinator of oil palm. Although economically important,the population genetics of this pollinator have remained relatively unexplored. This study explores population genetic structure and contemporary gene flow in...
Pollen Load and Flower Constancy of Stingless Bees Tetragonula laeviceps (Smith) and Heterotrigona itama (Cockerell) (Apidae: Meliponinae)
Muchamad Nur Cholis, Resi Alpionita, Taruni Sri Prawasti, Tri Atmowidi
Stingless bees are pollinating insects that are important for plants and useful for producing honey. The role of stingless bees as pollinators related to the activity of foraging on flowers. The aim of this study was to measure pollen load and flower constancy of two species stingless bees, Tetragonula...