Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Veterinary, Animal, and Environmental Sciences (ICVAES 2020)
Effect of the Natural Cat and Dog Liquid Additives on 3% Salt Fed Rats
Elif Rabia Sanli, Musa Yavuz, Zafer Özyıldız, Veli Uygur
Salt poisoning could be important for the pets’ life. High salt and low water consumptions can be effective in the formation of salt poisoning. Low levels of salt poisoning increase blood pressure which reduces the quality of life. Plant-origin cat and dog liquid additives are previously used and improve...
Sustainable Aquafeed: Alternative Ingredients Produced Locally as Nutrient Complementary in Minimizing the Use of Fishmeal
Noor Khalidah Abdul Hamid
Exploring cost-effective animal-derived protein alternatives is very important to support the growing human population with food resources globally. Aquaculture has significant contribution to this sector by providing fish and fishery products. This article provides short review on aquafeed, one of important...
Evaluation of the Situation of the People Received Service from Equine Facilities Before and During the Covid-19 Pandemic
Ayşe Kocabıyık, Fatih Şahiner, Demet Gökdere, Elif Rabia Şanlı, Musa Yavuz
The covid-19 pandemic influences human social life and their relation to animals. The equine sector is affected by covid-19 pandemic. The aim of this study was to evaluate the general situation of the people receiving service from equine facilities before and during the pandemic. The data were collected...
Classical Enterotoxin Genes of Staphylococcus aureus Isolated from the Raw Milk of Cows and Goats in Yogyakarta Indonesia
Desy Cahya Widianingrum, Sarasati Windria, Fatkhanuddin Aziz, Siti Isrina Oktavia Salasia
Milk is a highly nutritious food containing several essential nutrients. Consequently, it can be contaminated by pathogenic bacteria, including Staphylococcus aureus. This study aimed to analyze the genes encoding nine classical enterotoxins of S. aureus isolated from cow and goat raw milk. A total of...
Profile of Antigen Excretory-Secretory Schistosoma Japonicum in the Development of Elisa Method to Detect Schistosomiasis in Indonesia
Samarang, Made Agus Nurjana, Malonda Maksud, Sri Murtini, Fadjar Satrija
The development of ELISA method to detect patients with schistosomiasis in Indonesia is a detection of the antigens that are derived from the peripheral vessels in the blood serum. This research is conducted in the Napu Plateau of Poso Regency, Central Sulawesi, Indonesia. The goal is to develop ELISA...
Rats Development of Contactless Thermal Detector for Animal: Comparison of Three Sensor Types
Ridi Arif, Koekoeh Santoso, Dhani S. Wibawa
One of the important physiological parameters is body temperature, and the increased level is an early indicator of infection. Therefore, it is necessary to develop temperature detection in animals using contactless methods and with precise results. This study aimed to compare 3 types of IR sensors for...
Biochemical Changes of Liver and KidneyAfter Bone Graft Implant from Black Devil Snail (Faunus ater) Shell Material
Erwin Erwin, T. Fadrial Karmil, Teuku Zahrial Helmi, Nuzul Asmilia, Muhammad Isa, Wahyu Eka Sari, Budianto Panjaitan, Sugito, Hathalia Y. Utari, Azzalia N. Diva, Astri Wulandari
Biochemical changes in blood can be used as an indicator in liver and kidney disorder. This study aims to discover the changes of serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT), serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase (SGPT), creatinine and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) levels after the implant of black devil...
Efficiency of Testosterone Administration on the Performance of Day Old Chick (DOC) Layer: Cockscomb Size, T3/T4 Ratio, and Histopathological Description of Bursa Fabricius
Rizki Fitrawan Yuneldi, Claude Mona Airin, Hendry TSSG Saragih, Pudji Astuti
This study aimed to evaluate the efficiency of single and continuous testosterone injection against cockscomb size, T3/T4 ratio, and histopathological features of the bursa of Fabricius in the male layers. Sixty DOC layers were divided into 3 groups namely control (C), single testosterone injection with...
Molecular Study of Myostatin Gene in Stallion and Mares of Sandelwood Horses in Sumba Island, East Nusa Tenggara
Cynthia Dewi Gaina, Frist B. H. Francis
Sandelwood horse is one of local horses in Indonesia that has become known for its use in horse racing competition. Many genes are known to have an effect on performances traits, but the role of one gene, Myostatin (MSTN) has not been explored yet. This gene is responsible for embryonic and adult muscle...
Conservation of Hawksbill Turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata) in Indonesia
Lessons Learned and Future Challenges
Adela Hemelikova, Pavel Zoubek, Tomas Ouhel, Awaluddin Awaluddin, Teuku Reza Ferasyi
The Hawksbill turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata) is a highly migratory species of subtropical and tropical areas with an important role in the ecosystem. However, the hawksbill turtles are being hunted for their shell to make jewelry and decorative products. The harvest of its tortoiseshell with a combination...
Morphological Features and Molecular of Plasmodium inui in Macaca fascicularis from Bogor, West Java
Upik Kesumawati, Lis Rosmanah, Susi Soviana, Uus Saepuloh, Huda Shalahudin Darusman
Plasmodium is causative agent of malaria in human through the intermediary of female mosquitoes Anopheles spp. Two of the most important human malaria parasites, P. falciparum and P. vivax, are derived from the complete transmission event of non-human primate malaria species to human. Late data shows...
The Use of Wedelia biflora Leaf Extract Influences the Platelet Count in Rats with Contusions
Rinidar, Muhammad Isa, Awaluddin
A contusion or bruise occurs when blood vessels are damaged or broken because of a trauma to the skin. The initial phase in responding to a contusion in the body is the entry of platelets into the wound area. This platelet infiltration functions as a hemostasis. This study aimed to determine the effectiveness...
Pathological Changes of Fasciola gigantica After Treatment with Nigella sativa in Vitro
Muhammad Hambal, Alfifatul Hidayah, Ummu Balqis, Farida Athaillah, Muttaqien, Siti Rani Ayuti, Wahyu Eka Sari, Henni Vanda
Black cumin (N. sativa) has been traditionally used as medicine for various infectious and non-infectious diseases, such as skin infection, conjunctivitis, hypertension, gastrointestinal problems, diabetes, and diarrhea. This study aimed at finding out the effect of black cumin, N. sativa on the survival...
Efficacy of Jatropha Sap (Jatropha curcas L.) Cream on Epithelialization Phase of Cutaneous Wound Healing in Mice Using Masson Trichome Staining
M. Nur Salim, Ummu Balqis, Rahma Erlis, Dian Masyitha, Erdiansyah Rahmi, Abdul Harris
This study aims to determine the efficacy of 10% Jatropha curcas Linn. cream on the epithelialization phase of cutaneous wound healing in mice (Mus musculus) using Masson Trichrome staining. This study used nine male mice, aged 2-3 months old with 2 cm incision was made on the back. The mice were divided...
Effect of Veitchia merrillii Extract on Mortality and Tegument Structure of Fasciola gigantica
Henni Vanda, Reza Aulia Anwar, M. Daud AK, Farida Athaillah, Ummu Balqis, Siti Rani Ayuti, Frengki Frengki
This study was conducted to explore the effect of methanolic extract of Veithcia merrillii on mortality time and histopathological changes of Fasciola gigantica in vitro. This study used 25 adult flukes of F. gigantica, divided into five groups: C0 as negative control (0.9% PBS), C1 as positive control...
Descriptive Assessment of Coordination Between Veterinary and Public Health Centers in Responding Report of Potential Rabies Animal Bites at Bener Meriah, Aceh
Teuku Reza Ferasyi, Al Azhar, Erwin Erwin, Awaluddin Awaluddin, Rezky Ramadhan, Agus Nurza
A high case of potential rabid animal bites human is reported in Bener Meriah Regency of Aceh, Indonesia. The application of one health concept in controlling rabies is important at least by providing identical data of potential rabid animal bites in the veterinary (VHC) and public health (PHC) centers....
Histopathological Changes in the Gills of Oreochromis mossambicus Exposed to Mercury Chloride (HgCl2)
Dwinna Aliza, Amalia Sutriana, Nazaruddin Nazaruddin, Teuku Armansyah, Etriwati Etriwati, Muhammad Hanafiah, Hafizuddin Hafizuddin, Denny Irmawati Hasan, Awaluddin Awaluddin, Binti Ulfa
Most of the fish deaths caused by pollutants demonstrate gills damage, since it located outside the body that directly exposed to water as a medium of life, thus this organ is the first to be affected if pollutants contaminated water environment. The objective of this research was to find out histopathological...
Anti-Inflammation Activity of Ethyl Acetate Extract of Malacca Leaves (Phyllanthus emblica)
Nuzul Asmilia, Teuku Armansyah, Herrialfian Herrialfian, Rinidar, Abdul Harris, Arman Sayuti, Nazaruddin, Cindy Ary Ristanti, Indriana Oktavani
This study aims to evaluate the anti-inflammation activity of ethyl acetate extract of Malacca leaf (Phyllanthus emblica) in mice. The study used 25 mice which were induced by subcutaneous injection of 1 % carrageenan. The mice were divided into 5 treatment groups: K1 was negative control, K2 (positive...
Prevalence and Intensity of Trematode Flukes in Different Hair Color of Aceh Cattle
Lian Varis Riandi, Ryan Ferdian, Muhammad Hambal, Muttaqien Bakrie
This study aims to determine the prevalence and number of trematode eggs (Fasciola gigantica and Paramphistomum spp) in different hair colorof Aceh cattle. This research used feces collected from 105 cattle in Mesjid Raya Sub-district, Aceh Besar. The feces samples were divided into 3 groups based on...
Histologic and Histomorphometry of Uterine of Gayo Mare
Juli Melia, Welda R. Brillian, Erdiansyah Rahmi, Rosmaidar Rosmaidar, Hafizuddin Hafizuddin, Amrozi Amrozi
This study was aimed at finding out the histology description and histomorphometry of uterine Gayo mare. The samples were collected from three Gayo mares in Takengon, Central Aceh. The uterine samples were processed by microtechnique and stained with hematoxylin-eosin before examined under a binocular...
Ultrasound and Radiograph Mesh Hernia Graft 3D Imaging Correlation; Study in Rabbits
Nanda Yulian Syah, Akhyar Akhyar, Etriwati Etriwati, Erwin Erwin
A Mesh hernia graft is needed to prevent recurrent hernias. This study aimed to observe the biocompatibility of hernia mesh graft as an alternative material for handling hernia cases via surgery for small animals. This study used 6 male rabbits aged 6-8 months and weighted 1.5-2 kg which were divided...
Pathomorphology of Papilloma Tumor in Cattle Based on Macroscopic and Microscopic
Etriwati Etriwati, Nazaruddin Nazaruddin, Dwinna Aliza, Denny Irmawati Hasan, Rizki Akbar Siagian
Papilloma was a proliferative neoplasm which benign typically that affecting nearly all animal species. This study aimed to observed changes in the papilloma in cattle based on macroscopic and microscopic to determine the difference between the two samples. The sample used was papilloma which was suspected...
Avian Influenza Virus Subtype H5N1 in Pigeons: A Conventional Serological Detection
M. Daud AK, Erina, Mahdi Abrar, Fakhrurrazi, Darniati, Maryulia Dewi, Sugito, Amiruddin, Roslizawaty, T. Reza Ferasyi, Ismail, Abdul Harris
Prior to the novel coronavirus, the subtype H5N1 that emerged in Asia in 2003 and hit Indonesia from 2005 to 2010 has created fears with the public. Attention has not only been detections of domestic fowls but pigeons as well. This study aimed to detect the specific antibody to the avian influenza virus...
Histology and Histomorphometry of Kidney on Domestic Chicken (Gallus gallus domesticus) During Pre and Post Hatch
Deci Aryani, Dian Masyitha, Zainuddin, Muslim Akmal, Teuku Zahrial Helmi, Yudha Fahrimal, Herrialfian Herrialfian
The purpose of this study was to determine the renal histology and histomorphometry of domestic chickens (Gallus galus domesticus) before and after hatching. The study involved in four treatment groups namely incubation period of 7 days (K1), 14 days (K2), and 20 days (K3), 7 days after hatching (K4)...
The Effect of Neem Leaf (Azadirachta indica A. Juss) Extract on Tubules Seminiferous of Rat (Rattus norvegicus)
Cut Nila Thasmi, Dian Masyitha, Hafizh Arief, Husnurrizal, Dewi Ardiyanti Dalimunthe
This study aimed to determine the effect of neem leaf extract on the seminiferous tubules of white rats. This study used 15 adult white rats which divided into 5 treatment groups. The control group was only given water and each treatment group was given neem leaf extract with the dose of 50 (P1), 100...
Case Study of Bovine Papilloma Virus in Aceh Cattle in Lhoknga Aceh Besar
Budianto Panjaitan, Syafruddin, Roslizawaty, Muhammad Hasan, Herrialfian Herrialfian, Dwinna Aliza, Hafizuddin, Rahman Alfarisyi
Bovine papillomavirus (BPV) induces benign tumours of cutaneous or mucosal epithelial in cattle and generally does not cause serious clinical problems in the host. A case of BPV reported in 2-year-old female Aceh cattle in Lhoknga, Aceh Besar. The clinical examination found various sizes of lumps on...
Protein Concentration of Excretory-Secretory and Somatic Antigen of Paramphistomum spp.
Siti Rani Ayuti, Muhammad Hambal, Ummu Balqis, Henni Vanda
This study was aimed at finding out protein profile of excretory-secretory and somatic antigen of Paramphistomum spp. As many as 60 Paramphistomum spp. taken from cattle in Banda Aceh Municipality Slaughterhouse were placed into 80 ml Roswell Park Memorial Institute (RPMI) 1640 and incubated for 12,...
The Relationship Between the Adequacy of Iron Tablet Supplementation and Hemoglobin Level in Pregnant Women
Afwandi Afwandi, Sugito Sugito, Nurliana Nurliana, Rinidar Rinidar, Teuku Reza Ferasyi
Anemia is problem commonly occurs in pregnant women. Pregnant women are said to be anemic if their hemoglobin levels are less than 11 g/dl. This condition occurs because of the insufficient intake of iron (Fe) to meet the increased need of the body during pregnancy and childbirth. The incidence of Fe...
The Prominent Role of Pituitary Adenylate Cyclase-Activating Polypeptide in Spermatogenesis and Function of Spermatozoa: A Mini Review
Muslim Akmal, Zulkarnain, Gholib Gholib, Teuku Zahrial Helmi, Sugito
Spermatogenesis is a great, complex, and long process. This process take place in the tubulus seminiferus of the testis and consists of three phases i.e. proliferation, meiosis, and spermiogenesis. In proliferation phase, the number of cells were multiplied, while in the meiosis occurs the completion...
Morphoanatomy and Gonadosomatic Index (GSI) of Testis of Turkey (Melagris gallopavo) at Different Ages
Dian Masyitha, Muslim Akmal, Gholib Gholib, Sri Wahyuni
Testis is a male reproductive organ that responsible for producing the spermatozoa and regulating the reproductive hormones. Study on morphoanatomy and gonadosomatic index (GSI) can provide overview on the development of male reproduction. The study was conducted to determine the testicular morphoanatomy...
Identification and Characterization of Protamine 3 (prm3) Gene in Aceh Bull Testis
Rumi Sahara Zamzami, Muslim Akmal, Teuku Zahrial Helmi, Rusli Rusli, Sugito Sugito, Tongku Nizwan Siregar, Sri Wahyuni
The incidence of infertility in breeding male cows highly contributes to economic loss in breeders. To date, there is still a lack of a precise and accurate molecular biomarker to predict the fertility rate on each ejaculation. Therefore, it is important to accurately identify genes related to the fertility...
Study of the Effect of Electroacupuncture Combination in Total Erythrocyte, Hemoglobin, and Hematocrite Values in Domestic Cat
Mudhita Zikkrullah Ritonga, Muhammad Jalaluddin, Wahyu Eka Sari, Triva Murtina Lubis, Indah Novicia Putri, Nurliana, Arman Sayuti, Teuku Zahrial Helmi
Acupuncture is an alternative treatment originating from China. According to Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) the condition of blood insufficiency including blood deficiency and blood stagnation. The study aimed to determine the effect of electroacupuncture on erythrocyte number, haemoglobin level...
Identification of Pathogenic Bacteria in Snapper Fish (Lutjanus sp.) from Banda Aceh Waters
Wahyu Eka Sari, M. Nur Salim, Teuku Reza Ferasyi, Muhammad Hambal, Henni Vanda, T. Zahrial Helmi, Mudhita Zikkrullah Ritonga, Sukmawan Fajar Santosa, Windy Budi Setiawandi
Snapper (Lutjanus sp.), which is an important marine fish resource, is known to have relatively low movement activity and form relatively small groups. These characteristics make these fish susceptible to various diseases caused by pathogenic bacteria. This study aims to identify the pathogenic bacterial...
Diagnose Enforcement of Case Canine Transmissible Venereal Tumor (CTVT) on Domestic Dog
Awaluddin Awaluddin, Etriwati Etriwati, S.N Habiburrahman, Rusyidi Rusyidi, Ummu Balqis, Cut Dahlia Iskandar, Denny Irmawati Hasan
Canine Transmissible Venereal Tumor (CTVT) also known as venereal sarcoma is an inflammation mediated by reticuloendothelial tumors and infects the canine genitalia. This study aimed to diagnose CTVT cases in domestic dogs by looking at clinical symptoms, macroscopic, hematologic, blood chemistry and...
The Activity of Jatropha curcas Cream on Day 5 of Skin Wound Healing in Mice Infected with Staphylococcus aureus
M. Nur Salim, Dian Masyitha
This research aimed to determine Jatropha sap cream’s activity on day 5 of the healing process of skin wounds of mice infected with Staphylococcus aureus. Twenty-seven male mice (Mus musculus) aged 2 months and weighed 30-40 g were used. All mice underwent a 20 mm incision in the dorsal area (back) and...
Molecular and Phylogenetic Analysis of Hemaglutinin Gene of Avian Influenza a Viruses Subtype H5N1 Isolate from Quail
Teuku Zahrial Helmi, Wayan Tunas Artama, Aris Haryanto, Rumi Sahara Zamzami
Based on the level of infection, the Avian Influenza (AI) virus can be grouped into 2 levels of infection, namely highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) and low pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI). The pathogenicity of AI viruses was determined by the amino acid sequence at the site of the hemaglutinin...
Resistance Test for Anopheles spp. to Cypermethrin Insecticide Using Bottle Bioassay Test Method
Sabri, Muhammad Hanafiah, Rinidar, Yudha Fahrimal, Teuku Zahrial Helmi
The resistance of Anopheles spp to insecticides is the most important and dangerous problem that affects malaria control programs. One of the methods used to detect insecticide resistance is the bottle bioassay test method from Centers for Disease Control (CDC) which can be applied as part of a broader...
Decreasing Blood Glucose Levels Using Muntingia calabura L. Leaf Extract in Rats with Diabetes Mellitus
Nurlena Andalia, M. Nur Salim, Nurdin, Ummu Balqis
The aim of this study was to determine the decrease in blood glucose levels using Muntingia calabura L. leaf extract in hyperglycemic rats. This study used a completely randomized design with six treatments and four replications. The experimental animal used 24 male rats (Rattus novergicus) aged 3 months,...
Isolation and Identification of Escherichia coli Serotype O157 from Swabs of Rectal Faeces in Aceh Cattle
Mahdi Abrar, Teuku Reza Ferasyi, Amiruddin, Fakhrurrazi, Erina, Rusli Sulaiman, Rina Aulia Barus, Teuku Shaddiq Rosa, Rezky Ramadhan
Escherichia coli Serotype O157 (hereafter, E. coli O157) is known as a very important food-borne pathogen and the case spread world-wide in human. This study was aimed to isolate the bacteria of E. coli O157 from faecal sample of rectal swabs in aceh cattle. A number of 85 rectal swab samples were collected...
Identification of Gastrointestinal Protozoa in Long-Tailed Macaque (Macaca fascicularis) in Sabang
Farida Athaillah, Alfi Wiratama Elpasha Ginting, Erdiansyah Rahmi, Muhammad Hambal, Muhammad Hasan, Erwin Erwin, Henni Vanda
This study aimed to determine the types of gastrointestinal protozoa that infested long-tailed macaque (Macaca fascicularis) in Sabang Municipality. This study could be used as a basis of consideration for controlling zoonotic diseases caused by gastrointestinal protozoa. This research was conducted...
Effect of Visitor Number on the Behavior and Cortisol Metabolites Concentrations of Sambar Deer (Cervus unicolor) in Captivity
Gholib Gholib, Sri Panggabean, Sri Wahyuni, Fadli A Ghani, Abdullah Hamzah, Erdiansyah Rahmi
The effect of the visitor on animal behavior in captivity has been widely reported. However, whether this visitor-effect also influences stress for captive animals is still limited and absent for captive Sambar deer (Cervus unicolor). Therefore, the objective of this study was to examine the effect of...
Spleen Histopathological Study of Mice (Mus musculus) Infected with Plasmodium berghei After Treatment with Malacca Leaves extract (Phyllantus emblica)
Amalia Sutriana, Rasmaidar, Nuzul Asmilia, Cut Nila Thasmi, Dwinna Aliza, Wahid Muharram
This study aimed to evaluate the effect of ethanolic extract of malacca leaves (Phyllantus emblica) on histopathology of mice (Mus musculus) spleen infected with Plasmodium berghei (P. berghei). This study used 15 male Balb/c strain mice aged 2 months, allotted into 5 treatment groups. The mice in group...
Glycoconjugate Residues Type in Endometrium Aceh Cattle (Bos indicus) During Estrus Cycle
Muhammad Jalaluddin, Teguh Budipitojo, Dwi Liliek Kusindarta, Fajar Shodiq Permata, Priyo Sambodo, Hamny Hamny, Sri Wahyuni, Mustafa Sabri, Teuku Reza Ferasyi, Erdiansyah Rahmi, Awaluddin Awaluddin
The ability of aceh cattle to reproduce in extreme environments is thought to be supported by their reproductive system. This research was conducted to study the reproductive system of Aceh cattle by identifying the types and distribution of glycoconjugates in the endometrium of Aceh cattle at various...
Study of Cerebellum Structure and Histomorphometry of Local Chicken (Gallus gallus domesticus) Before and After Hatching
Arief Maulana, Dian Masyitha, Muslim Akmal, Sri Wahyuni, Zainuddin, Rosmaidar
Cerebellum is an organ that plays an important role in controlling and coordinating motoric nerves and maintaining body balance. This study aimed to observe the histological and histomorphometric structures of the cerebellum in native chickens before and after hatching. The samples of this study were...
Histology and Histomorphometry of Testes in Turkeys (Meleagris gallopavo) Based on Age Level
Nasya Nurma Zushita Firwan, Muslim Akmal, Dian Masyitha, M. Nur Salim, M. Jalaluddin, Tongku Nizwan Siregar
This study aims to determine the histological and histomorphometric features of the turkey testes based on age levels. Turkey testes were taken from 21 male turkeys which were grouped into 3 different age groups; 12, 20 and 33 weeks. The testes were then processed into histological preparations with...
The Prevalence of Gastro-Intestinal Nematode Parasite and Egg-Count in Cattle with Different Skin Colors
Riyan Ferdian, Lian Varis Riandi, Muhammad Hambal, Muttaqien, Henni Vanda, Wahyu Eka Sari, Rusli, Amiruddin, Irfan Mahyidin
This study was aimed to find out burden of nematode infection in aceh cattle with different skin colors. The samples were 105 cattle consisting of adult male and female. Each of skin color consisted of 15 males and 20 females obtained from Aceh Besar District. The samples were examined in the laboratory...