Giuseppe Lippi, Camilla Mattiuzzi, Gianfranco Cervellin
Pages: 245 - 246
Cheikh Sokhna, Balla Mbacké Mboup, Ndiaw Goumbala, Mamadou Dieng, Ahmadou Bamba Sylla, Didier Raoult, Philippe Parola, Philippe Gautret
Pages: 247 - 249
The Grand Magal is a religious pilgrimage that takes place in Senegal. An estimated 4–5 million individuals yearly gather in the holy city of Touba. Pilgrims comes from the whole Senegal and surrounding countries and from countries outside of Africa where Mouride Senegalese emigrated. It is the largest...
Esther Buregyeya, Edwinah Atusingwize, Peninah Nsamba, David Musoke, Irene Naigaga, John David Kabasa, Hellen Amuguni, William Bazeyo
Pages: 250 - 257
Uganda is considered as a ‘hot spot’ for emerging and re-emerging infectious disease epidemics. The country has experienced several epidemics including; Ebola, Marburg, plague, Rift Valley fever, yellow fever and Crimean Congo haemorrhagic fever. Epidemics overwhelm health systems, devastate economies...
Eman Chaudhri, Weam Fathi, Fazal Hussain, Shahrukh K. Hashmi
Pages: 258 - 262
Background: Cancer epidemiology in Saudi Arabia (SA) differs from that of the USA with respect to types of common malignancies. Hematologic malignancies are among the top five cancers prevalent in SA, including lymphoma and leukemia. Most common malignancies in SA also include breast, thyroid, and colorectal...
Rustika Rustika, Ratih Oemiati, Al Asyary, Tety Rachmawati
Pages: 263 - 268
Background: For last decades, the mortality rate of hajj pilgrims from Indonesia was between 2.1 and 3.2 per 1000 hajj pilgrims. At the same time, morbidity affected 87% of the elderly (>65 years old), of which 83% faced high risk of health problems. This is a complex problem affecting hajj health...
Mai A. Aldera, Caroline M. Alexander, Alison H. McGregor
Pages: 269 - 275
Study Design: A systematic review.
Objective: To identify published studies that assess the prevalence and incidence of Low Back Pain (LBP) in the Saudi Arabian population.
Methods: Six electronic databases were searched for articles published between January 1995 and December 2018. Crosssectional...
Faisal Alhusain, Hanin Alsuwailem, Alanoud Aldrees, Ahad Bugis, Sarah Alzuhairi, Sami Alsulami, Yaseen Arabi, Nawfal Aljerian
Pages: 276 - 279
Background: This study aimed to investigate the relationship between patients with severe sepsis or septic shock being transported to the Emergency Department (ED) by Emergency Medical Services (EMS) and the compliance with the 3-h sepsis resuscitation bundle [Surviving Sepsis Campaign (SSC)], and to...
Marshal Lemerani, Fredrick Jumah, Paul Bessell, Sylvain Biéler, Joseph Mathu Ndung’u
Pages: 280 - 287
Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense Human African Trypanosomiasis (rHAT) is a zoonotic disease transmitted by tsetse flies from wild and domestic animals. It presents as an acute disease and advances rapidly into a neurological form that can only be treated with melarsoprol, which is associated with a high...
Mohammad Reza Montazer Khorasan, Mohammad Rahbar, Abed Zahedi Bialvaei, Mohammad Mehdi Gouya, Fereshte Shahcheraghi, Babak Eshrati
Pages: 288 - 292
Background: Botulism is a severe neuroparalytic disease caused by toxins produced by several Clostridium species. This work presents the surveillance results of botulism in Iran, with the distribution of the cases by regions and by vehicle of transmission.
Methods: We describe the findings of the Centers...
Houria Kasmi, Koula Doukani, Ahmad Ali, Souhila Tabak, Hasna Bouhenni
Pages: 293 - 297
Background: The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection in Algerian patients with peptic disorders and evaluate the impact of different epidemiological factors (age, sex, sampling site, presence or absence of H. pylori, and type of pathology related to this...
Heba Adam, Maryam Alqassas, Omar I. Saadah, Mahmoud Mosli
Pages: 298 - 303
Background and Aims: The Inflammatory Bowel Diseases (IBDs), Crohn’s Disease (CD) and Ulcerative Colitis (UC), are gastrointestinal autoimmune disorders with many Extraintestinal Manifestations (EIMs). Previously reported incidences of EIMs in IBD patients have ranged from 10% to 50%. The large variation...
Chigozie Louisa Jane Ugwu, Temesgen Zewotir
Pages: 304 - 314
Although malaria burden has declined globally following scale up of intervention, the disease has remained a leading cause of hospitalization and deaths among children aged under-5 years in Nigeria. Malaria is known to be related to climate and environmental conditions. Previous research has usually...
Shantanu Sharma, Faiyaz Akhtar, Rajesh Kumar Singh, Sunil Mehra
Pages: 315 - 325
Pre-school age (3–5 years) children are vulnerable to malnutrition due to poor dietary intake, dietary habits, and socio-economic conditions. Children from marginalized families are more vulnerable than non-marginalized families due to limited access to health- and nutrition-related services, besides...
Imaad Mohammed Ismail, Akshaya Kibballi Madhukeshwar, Poonam Ramesh Naik, Badarudeen Mohammad Nayarmoole, Srinath Satyanarayana
Pages: 326 - 336
Background: In India, ensuring all Persons with Presumptive TB (PPTB) undergo TB diagnostic tests and initiating all diagnosed TB patients on treatment are two major implementation challenges.
Objectives: In a coastal district of Karnataka state, South India, to (1) determine the number and proportion...
Ingvild Hersoug Nedberg, Charlotta Rylander, Finn Egil Skjeldestad, Ellen Blix, Tamar Ugulava, Erik Eik Anda
Pages: 337 - 343
Cesarean section rates remain high in Georgia. As a cesarean section in the first pregnancy generally lead to a cesarean section in subsequent pregnancies, primiparous women should be targeted for prevention strategies. The aim of the study was to assess factors associated with cesarean section among...
Kasi Visweswaran, Muhammed Shaffi, Philip Mathew, Minu Abraham, Jinbert Lordson, Premini Rajeev, Reena Thomas, Rajeev Aravindakshan, Jayadevan G, Kesavan Rajasekharan Nayar, Marthanda Pillai
Pages: 344 - 350
Background: Quality of Life (QoL) reflects the quality and outcome of healthcare along with key indicators of performance such as mortality and morbidity.
Objective: The aim of the study was to measure the QoL among patients with End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) on maintenance hemodialysis and to understand...
Anna Jonas, Sadhna V. Patel, Frieda Katuta, Andrew D. Maher, Karen M. Banda, Krysta Gerndt, Ismelda Pietersen, Neia Menezes de Prata, Nicholus Mutenda, Tuli Nakanyala, Esme Kisting, Brown Kawana, Ann-Marie Nietschke, Dimitri Prybylski, Willi McFarland, David W. Lowrance
Pages: 351 - 358
Background: In most settings, Female Sex Workers (FSW) bear a disproportionate burden of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) disease worldwide. Representative data to inform the development of behavioral and biomedical interventions for FSW in Namibia have not been published.
Objectives: Our objectives...
Abrar K. Alsalamah, Azza MY. Maktabi, Hind M. Alkatan
Pages: 359 - 366
The demographics, clinical features, and histopathological classification of orbital space-occupying lesions in adults have not been widely described in our part of the world except for the pediatric population. In this retrospective study, we collected 110 consecutive adult patients (18 years and older)...
F. Baldassi, O. Cenciarelli, A. Malizia, P. Gaudio
Pages: 367 - 377
The rapid detection of ongoing outbreak – and the identification of causative pathogen – is pivotal for the early recognition of public health threats. The emergence and re-emergence of infectious diseases are linked to several determinants, both human factors – such as population density, travel, and...
Zeinab A. Kasemy, Wael A. Bahbah, Shimaa K. Zewain, Mohammed G. Haggag, Safa H. Alkalash, Enas Zahran, Dalia E. Desouky
Pages: 378 - 385
COVID-19 is a public Health Emergency of International Concern. The aim of this work was to assess the level of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice (KAP) among Egyptians toward COVID-19. A cross-sectional study was conducted from March 1st to April 1st, on 3712 participants of different ages and sex. An...