Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Architecture: Heritage, Traditions and Innovations (AHTI 2021)
Mokhrenis — Monument of Early-Christian Architecture of Artsakh: Bases of the Formation of the Local School
The article reveals the peculiarities of a single monument of Armenian Early Christian architecture of the historical province of Artsakh, a part of the kingdom of Great Armenia, since the late fifth century — the Sassanid Marzpanate of Albania, and since the ninth–tenth centuries — of the Armenian kingdom...
Ancient Ideas About the Architecture of the Universe, Their Modernization in Antiquity, and Archaization in the Middle Ages
Igor A. Bondarenko
The article describes in general terms the concept of the world that dominated the imagination and was embodied in the creative activity of man in ancient times. Emphasis is put on the biomorphism of the primordial beings that make up the Earth and Sky and on the most important mythological theme of...
The article deals with insufficiently explored wooden church monuments of the 18th century in the Shenkursky uyezd of the Arkhangelsk province. Methodology is based on studying archival historical sources, conducting field surveys and historical-architectural analysis of shapes, as well as comparison...
Saint Gregory the Illuminator Cathedral in Nakhichevan-on-Don: The Problem of Attribution and Formation of the Architectural Appearance of the Armenian City
Nakhichevan-on-Don is the city founded on the Lower Don in 1779 for Armenians resettled from Crimea. Plan of this city included construction of seven churches. At the beginning of XIX century six churches were built in an uncharacteristic for the settler’s classical style. The projects of these churches...
The article concerns William Gould’s landscape parks created for Prince G.A. Potemkin in the south of Russia in the late 1770s-1780s. The method of research is based on the study of archives and bibliography. The relevance of the article is due to insufficient consideration of the stated topic in the...
The “Jian” Spatial Unit, as the Main Characteristic for Measuring Individual Structures and Architectural Complexes in China
This article examines the question of the interpretation of the term “jian”— a span, interval, or a measurement of space in between (points, columns, supports, or objects)—in traditional Chinese architecture. This term was used [as a spatial unit] in Chinese treatises, to describe the spatial dimensions...
Galyna Shevtsova, Olga Andropova
The spatial form and construction of the five basic types of Ukrainian wooden church’s towered log roofing was analysed aiming to identify possible formal and constructive analogies with the roofing of other wooden religious buildings in the world. No complete constructive-spatial analogues of Ukrainian...
The Architecture of Synagogues in the Territory of the Don River and Caucasus Areas in the Late 19 and Early 20 Centuries
Grigoryi Shapiro, Anna Ivanova-Iliicheva, Aleksandr Buchka
The article is devoted to a comprehensive study of the architecture of synagogues in the southern region of the Russian Empire (the Don and Caucasus region) during the second half of the 19 to early 20 centuries in the context of all-European and all-Russian trends of Jewish religious architecture. The...
Irina Beloyarskaya, Grigoryi Shapiro
The article is devoted to the first brick building of the civil architecture which is a part of a complex of buildings located along the eastern wall on the territory of the Bishops’ Court. The research is based on the study of archival and bibliographic studies and on-site inspections of the building.
With the continuous development of China’s current social economy, people’s living quality has also been improved. Therefore, in the process of current architectural design, relevant designers begin to apply the concept of sustainability to architectural design in order to optimize people’s living environment...
The Question of Relations with Early Christian Iconography
The following article concerns the very important aspect of the early medieval art of Armenia, namely the decoration motives of the monuments of the Early Medieval architecture, and their relations with the early Christian and early Byzantine monuments. The centuries-old political and cultural ties with...
There have been suggested diverse interpretations of the engraving on a piece of mammoth’s tusk which has been discovered at the Mezhirich upper Paleolithic site (Ukraine). The author suggests other version of the engraving’s interpretation – the four elements that are placed frontally are the fragments...
Due to the unclear posthumous edict of Li Yuan, the specification of Li Yuan’s mausoleum was controversial during the regime of Li Shimin, prompting Taizong to select Jiuzong Mountain as the mausoleum site during his lifetime. Nominally, the way of using the mountains as mausoleum followed the Emperor...
A Study on the Traditional Architectural Forms of Huangcuo Village in Fujian Province from the Perspective of Regional Culture
Shichao Li, Hao Ying
Through relevant literature review, data sorting, site visits, and research methods of Huangcuo Village in Fujian Province, this paper classifies and analyzes the community characteristics, morphological features, spatial structure, and decorative elements of the traditional buildings of Huangcuo Village,...
The Structural Wave: on “the Sincere Flattery to Technology” and Some International Fortune of Italian engineering in the Second Half of XX Century
Alessandro De Magistris
Rooted in a historical path with solid academic roots and conditioned by the economic policies of the fascist regime, in the post WWII period the Italian engineering culture, and Pier Luigi Nervi enjoined an extraordinary international fortune that crossed the borders of the Cold war. The paper intends...
Philosophy and Psychology in the Styles of Architecture and Environmental Design of the Late 19th- 21st Centuries
Marina E. Vengerova
Within the framework of training programs at the Moscow Institute of Architecture (State Academy), the tasks of brief illumination and explanation of the system of changing architectural and design styles of XIX-XXI centuries are set. Ignace Meyerson (1888-1983) in his writings showed that the work of...
Mosaic as an Element of the Synthesis of Architecture and Monumental Art in the Architecture of Volgograd and Volzhsky
Valentina Serebryanaya, Irina Shevchuk
The article examines all the existing and lost mosaics displayed on public and residential buildings in the territory of Volgograd and Volzhsky. The issues of typology and stylistics of mosaics are also examined. The classification of the features of mosaic compositions has been carried out. The author...
Based on a pilot survey of Russian and foreign experts - researchers and pedagogues of architectural schools – the author examines the social and environmental component of professional education. The study shows, which disciplines of the curriculum have social and environmental contents, which names...
Elina Danilova, Daria Bakshutova
Metamodernism defines the structure of the feeling of the contemporary epoch characterized by an appeal to all past cultures in order to find the sources of the new. The phenomenon of memory has become again relevant and in demand in architecture discipline. The desire for constant innovation in modernism...
Architects in Motion — Reasons, Conditions, and Consequences of Professional Migration from Russia and the Soviet Union to Italy, France, and Great Britain in 1905 – 1941
Stéphane Gaessler, Ksenia Malich, Ilya Pechenkin, Anna Vyazemtseva
During that special period of Russian history between the First Revolution 1905 and the Second World War, the profound changes of construction industry, of traditional systems of architectural education, together with cardinal socio-political transformation of the country profoundly modified architectural...
Peter K. Zavadovsky
The article considers a previously unknown project of the “Institute of Statistics” of I. I. Leonidov. After considering the authenticity of the new materials, the project is analyzed in the context of the work of I. I. Leonidov and Soviet architecture of the 20-30s as a whole. The analysis of the project...
Boris M. Kirikov, Margarita S. Stieglitz
In the present article the authors for the first time reveal the main circle of buildings of the post-avant-garde period that use the giant order. Through comparative analysis, the authors have determined the modifications of the giant order and revealed the specific features of the Leningrad architectural...
Taking the Micro-transformation of Yongqingfang, Guangzhou as an Example
The transformation of Yongqingfang has gone through three stages: “retrofitting”, “focusing on historical and cultural values”, and “micro-transformation”. The main mechanism of the “micro-transformation” model refers to the guiding principles and practical paths. The guiding principle includes “government-leading,...
The Soviet Architecture Key Problems in the Second Half of the 1930s: on Materials of Plenums the Board of the Soviet Architects Union of the USSR
The article focuses on the materials of nine Plenums of the Board of the Union of Soviet Architects of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), which took place in the second half of the 1930s in the period between the First All-Union Congress of Soviet Architects in 1937 and the beginning of...
Five-domed Churches of the ‘Octagon-on-cube’ Type: On the Question of Combination of Traditional and Innovative Forms in the Russian Church Architecture of the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries
The article is centered at the important problem of the combination of traditional and innovative spatial compositions in Russian architecture under the reign of Tsar Peter the Great and their further development. The composition ‘octagon-on-cube’ appeared in the stone church architecture of Moscow at...
Peculiarities of Interaction of Traditions and Innovations in the Architecture of Low-rise Settlements
Svetlana B. Moiseeva
The article is devoted to the peculiarities of the evolution of traditions and innovations of different types of low-rise settlements, mostly rural and suburban, and in some cities as well. Traditions and innovations are interconnected with each other. These interrelations are multivariant and create...
Distinctive Features of the Composition of Damascus Buildings During the Period of the French Mandate
The article is devoted to study the features of the volumetric compositional organization of the buildings in Damascus during the French Mandate; the author determined the architectural-artistic image of the buildings in Damascus during that period. A comparative study of the architectural elements of...
Research on the Protection of Modern and Contemporary Urban Industrial Architecture Heritage in Shanxi
Renjun Feng, Ting Ma
Shanxi’s modern industrial development has gone through a long period of time, and the industrial architectural heritage resources are rich and of high value. However, due to the acceleration of the urban development process, the industrial architectural heritage has not been protected and utilized in...
Among the different art design categories, architectural design that combines technology, aesthetics and function is the most complex one. Social space should be taken into discussion, and rethink the significance of architecture in modern design from a macroscopic perspective. Focusing on the architectural...
As a branch of postmodernism architectural thought, deconstructive architecture presents a series of artistic images that are against traditional architecture, bringing a huge impact to the visual art of architecture. To this day, deconstructive architecture is sparkling new vitality in China. As the...
The Tver region, despite significant losses, has preserved many monuments of wooden architecture of the XVII-XIX centuries. The article presents the most significant historical wooden objects of the region. Their architectural and stylistic assessment is given, their historical and cultural value and...
The article is devoted to the problem of the artistic image in the historical city environment. Image of history is perhaps the most anticipated and developed context for the work of an architect, designer, or artist. At the same time, this resource has a clearly expressed “educational” character, preserving...
Factual Problems of Detection, Fixing, and Keeping Large Territorial Objects of Historial and Cultural Heritage
Detection of a certain strictly located volumetric-spatial and planning integrity characterized as a historical settlement or a landmark on the territory of a modern city or town is a serious problem. Its essence lies in the vagueness of the such concepts as ‘historical settlement’ and ‘landmark’, mentioned...
Innovations in the Language of Contemporary Culture and the Problem of the Preservation of Cultural Heritage
Aleksey S. Shchenkov, Nataliya E. Antonova
In the beginning of the new century, the issues of connection between the problems of preservation of cultural heritage and aspects of globalization and development of mass culture are still relevant. The desire to combine somehow the preservation of heritage and the shaping of the new creative architecture...
Xueying Ma, Hao Ying
Guided design has a significant impact on people’s psychology and behavior in office space. Based on human behavior psychology and cognitive psychology, combined with the basic characteristics of office space, the application of guided design in office space is expounded in this paper. The summary of...
Zihan Wang, Weng Yu, Wanli Zhang, Jianing Hao, Weizhou Chen
This article analyzes the relationship between the needs of students ordering takeouts and the placement of takeouts in the post-epidemic era. Based on the preliminary survey results and problems presented in the project, the preliminary concept of the project design is proposed, and a series of analysis...
Taking the 1736 Cultural Park of Zhunxing Building as an Example
The 1736 Cultural Park of Zhunxing Building is a cultural industrial park developed by Longyan City in recent years. It is restored and utilized relying on large square earth building, which is rarely found in urban areas. The Cultural Park is a new-type cultural industrial park of Longyan City. It consists...
A Case Study of Dwellings’ Changes in Ba Piao Village and Baka Laozhai Village of the Jinuo Nationality: 1980-2020
Qin Li, Jing Guo, Weibing Li
Since the reform and opening up, the Jinuo nationality has developed into a rather typical “Jinuo model” — low starting point and high speed . The dwellings of the Jinuo nationality are also undergoing changes, resulting in changes from bamboo huts with thatched roofs to stilt wooden houses with filament...
Research on the Protection and Renewal of Nanjing Industrial Heritage from the Perspective of Urban Regeneration
Jingjing Xu, Lei Jiang, Junjin Qian
Through sorting out and analyzing the background of the formation of Nanjing modern industrial heritage, this article analyzes the characteristics of Nanjing’s modern industrial heritage from historical characteristics, spatial distribution characteristics and type characteristics, and expounds four...
In the late twentieth – early twenty first centuries, one can observe serious changes in the museum architecture; they are connected with dominating new concepts in the museum, exhibition and landscape structure. The ideas of the social and intellectual role of museums are in the process of transformation;...
Compensatory Techniques for Modifying the Habitable Space of the Future: The Precedents of Application
The article examines the problem of the use of compensatory techniques in the modification of the space of habitat, based on objective methods, which have developed, both in the natural sciences and in information’s technology. Based on analysis of theoretical studies and design and experimental developments...
Exterior of Multi-Family Residential Buildings and Complexes of a Siberian City on the Example of Krasnoyarsk
Olga Bliankinshtein, Olesya Kiselyova, Olga Uspenskaya, Anastasia Orlova, Anastasia Shlokina
The article examines the architectural design of multi-family residential buildings and complexes in Krasnoyarsk, which plays an important role in creating a comfortable city environment. A comprehensive analysis of the exterior of apartment buildings has been carried out in this work. The analysis is...
Armen S. Sardarov
The use in architecture of certain compositional techniques was always connected with the ideology dominating in the society. Regularity, static character, symmetry or imbalance, dynamics expressed the notion great Goethe called Zeitgeist – time spirit.
Light and Dark Hero in a Playing City: An Interactive and Multivariate Methodology for Predicting the Architecture of the Future
Anna V. Solovieva, Egor A. Orlov, Tatiana S. Semichevskaya
The authors offer the concept of interactive and multivariate forecasting of the city of the future. The main genre as part of an alternative forecast is proposed — a game architectural utopia. Its functions, properties, and categories are analyzed, the fundamental role of the architect in the process...
In view of the “image projects” and “vanity projects” in the design of modern urban square, as well as the problems of single function, large scale and low utilization rate, this paper sums up the development trend of modern urban square, puts forward the compound concept, and expounds the connotation...
Ailin He, Kai Cao
With the rapid development of society with each passing day, in the current process of urbanization, public space is an important place to connect people and life. At present, urban public space has problems such as low utilization rate, weak population integration, lack of interaction, etc. Based on...
Siying Li, Hao Ying
Through the field investigation of traditional folk houses in Xingren Ancient Street, it is found that there is insufficient lighting quantity or insufficient lighting uniformity in traditional folk houses. Therefore, through the study of traditional residential lighting methods, combined with the architectural...
Environmental Renewal Service Design Strategy with Multiple Role Participation in Old Communities Against the Background of Urban Stock — Taking South Community, Shuinianhe Road, Chengdu as an Example
Jie Tan, Yue Ma
Currently, cities are changing from an incremental era to a stock era, bringing new issues to the environmental renewal and space creation of old communities. Based on the investigation of the living environment of residents in the Lunan community in Chengdu, this article uses the collaborative cooperation...
Xinyue Liao, Kai Cao
This article starts with the status quo of public spaces inside residential buildings, puts forward people’s new requirements for residential public space design in the post-pandemic era, analyzes and summarizes corresponding design strategies, and applies them to public spaces in residential buildings...
With the increasing population aging and the rapid increase in the number of private cars, the space drawbacks of the old residential quarters in the central urban area have become increasingly prominent, and the upgrading and reconstruction of these old residential quarters has become the desire of...
The Evolution of Traditional Construction Methods in the Process of Constructing Beautiful New Countryside in Southern Jiangsu
Against the background of socio-economic changes and the integrated development of urban and rural areas, with nearly ten years of development of new rural new countryside, profound changes have taken place in the development model of rural areas in southern Jiangsu, which is reflected in the adjustment...
The formation of the architectural typology of a building is a secondary and long-term process in relation to the development of new technologies. A building or a structure does not have time to change according to a certain algorithm in step with technological progress. Even more questions arise if...
The Humanistic Ideal City: Considerations on the Evolution of Patterns from 1422 to Late 16th Century
The two big centers of the humanistic towns of Castiglione Olona (from 1421) and of Pienza (from 1462) clear the way for a phenomenon which in the middle of 16th century founds its coding in Sabbioneta (from 1554). There are many various ideal cities which travel along the century and often suggest methodological...
The Development of the Volumetric and Spatial Structure of Residential Areas in a Large City: The Experience of Krasnoyarsk, Russia
Alexey Lipovka, Irina Fedchenko
The study analyses the transformation of the material-spatial environment of the residential areas of Krasnoyarsk. On the basis of geoinformation analysis of open data on residential development, the regularities of the formation of periods in the development of housing construction are generalized....
The research is devoted to the analysis of modern practices of implementation strategic programs for spatial development of territories. Unforeseen processes of evolution of urbanized spaces in large cities lead to new approaches in management of their development and to the search for new town planning...
The article analyzes the research of the “post-socialist city” in domestic science and foreign authors, in Russian and the countries of Eastern Europe in connection with large-scale renovation. Renovation in the Russian cities is carried out on residential areas of the 1960-1980s panel housing constructions,...
Russian City in Siberia of the 17th and 18th Centuries: Stages of Formation and Typology of Buildings in Yeniseisk
Vladimir I. Tsarev, Vladimir V. Tsarev
The formation of Russian fortresses and settlements in Siberia of the 17th and 18th centuries has been little studied. Based on archival documents, the typology of military objects, residential and household buildings in the first Russian city of Central Siberia – Yeniseisk is revealed. The process of...
The concept of urban fringe belts was formulated in studies of the cities structure development in the first third of the 20th century. According to this concept, the peripheral territories of the past periods of the city’s development preserve their former spatial and functional characteristics in modern...
Elena V. Malaya, Natalia D. Dembich
The article presents one of the amazing stories of the development of the architecture of weaving enterprises in Russia, in particular, the factories of the Fryanovo settlement of Bogorodsky Uyezd. Gradually, in a very short time, thanks to the sharpness of the mind and resourcefulness of manufacturers,...
Lyubov Kubetskaia, Natalia Kudriavtseva
In the article, the historical construction of the ancient Toropets’s Torg (marketplace) is analyzed, the fact of preservation of the pre-regular basis of the configuration of the square and its morphology that added to the duration of the town’s lifespan, is revealed. Compositional meaning of the Torg...
Research on Rural Architecture Regeneration from the Perspective of the Integration of “Old and New”
Taking Xiejiafangshen Village in Anshan City as an Example
Siying Li, Hao Ying
Given the issues encountered in the process of regeneration of rural architecture, “old and new” symbiosis idea was proposed in the paper as a regeneration design. The application of such idea in real life was elaborated from the perspectives of spatial reorganization, functional replacement, material...
Yuhui Yuan, Xiaoyun Ni
Urban public landscape design is an important part of environment design, and it is the carrier of current urban form. At present, with the diversified development of society, more and more landscape designers blindly pursue “modern” style, losing the characteristics of traditional context and lacking...
By now, in Rome, public buildings realized in the 1920–1940s, according to Italian heritage legislation, are becoming protected monuments and require conservation and restoration. The implementation of that, however, leads to a number of problems of very diverse nature; be both technical, social and...