Proceedings of the 2nd 2016 International Conference on Sustainable Development (ICSD 2016)

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126 articles
Proceedings Article

Analysis on the Influencing Factors and Mechanism of Farmers' Will to the Treatment of Livestock and Poultry Breeding Pollution ??Survey from 447 Farmers in Hunan Province

Mu-Rong Bin, Kong-Liang Wen
Farmers are the main participants involved in livestock and poultry breeding pollution control, whether they are willing to control the breeding pollution by the mutual influence of many factors. Based on the field survey data of 447 households in Hunan Province, the Logistic regression model and the...
Proceedings Article

Comparative Study on Drying Characteristics of Sewage Sludge in Two Kinds of Indirect Heat Drying Equipment

Jie-Liang Chen, Zhen Deng, Wen-Di Chen, Lu-Kai Lyu, Fei Wang
Sludge samples are taken from Qige Waste Water Treatment Plant in Hangzhou. The drying characteristics of sludge are determined by self-made small batch type drying machine. The paddle dryer and disc dryer are used in the drying tests to explore the effect of blade form on the sludge drying viscosity...
Proceedings Article

An Improved Design of Pressure Relay Based on Optical Switch

Shan Chen, Jun-Chun Ma, Feng Li, Xiao-Guang Yao, Da-Zhi Cao
This paper proposed one kind of improved design of pressure relay based on optical switch aiming at the problem with pressure relay, for example as large switching value, large deviation of set point, low repeatability, etc. Firstly, the structure and principium of pressure relay was analyzed, also the...
Proceedings Article

Effects of Straw Incorporation and Reduction of Chemical Fertilizer on Soil Nutrients and Crop Yield in Farmland

Zhu Chen, Jing-Jing Yue, Ya-Nan Yan, Hong-Xiang Hu, Yun-Fei Di
It's adopted the method of field experiments studied the effects of straw incorporation and reduction of chemical fertilizer on soil nutrients and crop yield, through the treatments of no fertilizer + straw (NS), optimized fertilization with straw to field the full amount (SF), optimization by providing...
Proceedings Article

Size Structure of Phytoplankton Community and its Response to Environmental Factors in Spring and Summer in Xiamen Bay, China

Ting-Ting Fu, Bao-Hong Chen, Wei-Dong Ji, Wen-Feng Chen, Hui Lin, Yong Luo, Kang Wang
Environmental characteristics and phytoplankton size structure were investigated during spring and summer cruises in 2015 in Xiamen Bay of China. The distribution of total Chlorophyll a (Chla) showed a seasonal and spatial variation. In surface water, total Chla concentration increased from west to east...
Proceedings Article

Study on the Effect Influence Factors and the Optimal Operating Conditions to Treat the High Ammonia-Nitrogen Wastewater by SDMBR

Zhi-Yong Han, Bao-Chuan Qi, Ling Li, Yan Kong, Kun Han
The Sequencing dynamic membrane bioreactor—SDMBR was proposed and adopted in this study to treat the high ammonia-nitrogen wastewater according to the features of its wide sources, large emission, high difficulty to be treated and easily lead to serious eutrophication etc. Then, the effluence factors...
Proceedings Article

Effect of Metal Ion on Ammonium Bicarbonate Solution Decomposed into Carbon Dioxide

Lu Hu, Hai-Feng Li, Mei Jin, Guo-Xian Yu
Ammonia-based carbon capture process is one of the promising technologies for CO2 mitigation. However, it has a problem to be solved for practical implementation due to the high volatilityof ammonia, which incurs ammonia lose during regeneration. Effects of Fe3+ or Co2+ on ammonia escape and CO2 desorption...
Proceedings Article

Adsorption of Chromium from Aqueous Solution Using Activated Carbon Coated Sand

Mei-Ling Huang, Shi-Quan Liu
Activated carbon coated silica sand (AC@sand) synthesized by hydrothermal carbonization and KOH activation was used to adsorb chromium from aqueous solution. The factors which influence the removal of Cr(VI) onto the AC@sand including the pH, initial concentration, contact time and temperature was studied....
Proceedings Article

Review of Research on In-vehicle Pollutants in China

Ming Li, Yue Xu, Chang-Hua Wei
With the improvement of living standard, vehicles have been widely used in life. However, health problems associated with in-vehicle air quality happen more frequently. Recent researches on in-vehicle air quality control measures for human health are reviewed in this paper. The problems and challenges...
Proceedings Article

Synthesis and Characterization of Surface Ion-imprinted Polymer Based on Mesoporous Silica SBA-15 for Selective Removal of Cu(II) from Aqueous Solutions

Sheng-Fang Li, Lin Yang, Wei-Jun Song, Chun-Yan Sun
A Cu(II) ion-imprinted polymer (Cu(II)-IIP) for the selective adsorption and separation of Cu(II) was prepared by modifying the surface of mesoporous silica SBA-15 through surface ion imprinting. The prepared polymer was characterized by Fourier transmission infrared spectra (FT-IR), X-ray diffraction...
Proceedings Article

Wear Characteristic Study of the Flat Slipper of Shearer Considering Oblique Cutting

Hui Liu, Yan-Qi Kan, Peng-Fei Li, Chun-Hui Wang
In order to investigate the wear characteristics of flat slippers of shearer, this study firstly built up the static model of the whole shearer machine. Basing on the static simulation research for the flat slipper by ANSYS, the maximum values of stress and strain of the flat slipper was obtained. Then...
Proceedings Article

Analysis of the Factors Affecting the Productivity of Fractured Horizontal Wells in Changji Low Mobility Tight Oil of Xinjiang Oilfield

Li-Feng Liu, Qi-Quan Ran, Xin Wang
Tight oil is one of the important substitute areas of the oil industry in China. The effective development of tight oil is of great significance for the development of China's economic sustainable and stable. Changji tight oil of Xinjiang oilfield is a typical Chinese blocks of tight oil, it has the...
Proceedings Article

Ecological Stoichiometric Characteristics of Carbon, Nitrogen and Phosphorus in Urban Wetland in an Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau ??Taking Huoshaogou wetland in Xining City as an example

Xiao-Jun Liu, Xu-Feng Mao, Xiao-Yan Wei
Ecological stoichiometry has been widely applied to ecosystem management around the world, mainly through analysis of carbon(C), nitrogen and phosphorus (P). Ecological stoichiometric characteristics have important imply meaning on key processes and mechanisms of protection, restoration and reconstruction...
Proceedings Article

The Preparation of Color Glasses Using the Solid Waste Generated in Crystalline Silicon Cutting Process

Zhi Liu, Shi-Quan Liu
Solid waste generated in crystalline silicon cutting process (referred to as the silicon waste) was used to prepared color glasses. Silicon carbide and silicon in the silicon waste acted as silicon source and iron fragments as coloring agent. All components in the waste were fully used by vitrification...
Proceedings Article

Research on Smelting Process and Submerged arc Furnace for Silico-calcium Alloy

Wei Lin
With the comparision of smelting process technology and submerged arc furnaces for silico-calcium alloy at home and abroad, it is seen that the development of large capacity arc furnace technology for silico-calcium alloy is necessary and urgent in China.
Proceedings Article

Process Performance and Kinetic Characteristic of Anaerobic Digestion Focusing on Swine Manure Content

Chun-Lan Mao, Xiao-Jiao Wang, Yong-Zhong Feng
This study investigated the process performance and kinetics of mono-, and co-digestion of swine manure and corn straw focusing on swine manure content in the total substrate. Batch anaerobic digestion tests were conducted at mesophilic condition. First-order model and Logistic model were used to assess...
Proceedings Article

Water Pollution Risk Assessment for Water Transfer Projects

Lan-Lan Song, Jian-Yun Zhang
Due to the imprecision of water environmental system and the repeated scarcity of quantitative information during transfer project, fuzzy theory might be an effective tool of the water pollution risk evaluation. Firstly, triangular fuzzy numbers of environmental parameters were defined. Then, fuzzy -cut...
Proceedings Article

Fast Pyrolysis Biomass Oil as the Substitute of Phenol for the Synthesis of Resol Resin as Wood Adhesive

Fu-Xia Sun, Fang Kong, Hong Sun, Zhe-Hui Wang
The bio-oil from fast pyroysis of cornstalks was used as the substitute for phenol to synthesize resol resins as aln ideal candidate of wood adhesives. The effects of formaldehyde/phenol (F/P) molar ratios and bio-oil/phenol (O/P) weight ratios on rheology, thermal cure, thermal resistance and adhesion...
Proceedings Article

Removal Efficiency of Treat Biogas Slurry Using Ecological Filter-Artificial Wetland Combined System under Different Hydraulic Loading

Renfeng Tu, Lang Lang, Jian-Bo Fan, Jiang Zhu, Lu Han
The treatment effect of biogas slurry using ecological filters and the artificial wetland combination stabilization pond system under different hydraulic loading were researched. The analysis was carried out on the hydraulic load effect on the performance of the combined system, and the contribution...
Proceedings Article

Nonlinear Simulation of Pre-Darcy Flow in CQZS Super-Low Permeability Reservoir

Qing-Yan Xu, Rong-Liang Guan, Cong Wu
A newly developed nonlinear flow numerical software was used to make a research for the Pre-Darcy flow of CQZS super-low permeability reservoir. The results show that: the nonlinear seepage dominates in a large scale of formation; under the conditions of present well pattern, the residual oil saturation...
Proceedings Article

The Application of Energy Tower Heat Pump Technology in Air Conditioning Engineering

Dong Yang, Hui-Chao Qi
Explain the development character of energy tower heat pump technology , introduce the working principle of tower of energy of the system and the way of operation and management, analysis and comparison of energy tower and the different methods of cooling towers and other cooling, heating . Comparing...
Proceedings Article

Draft Genome Sequence of Acinetobacter Y1, a Heterotrophic Nitrifying and Aerobic Denitrifying Bacterium Isolated from Coke Plant Wastewater

Ting Yang, Ya Yang, Yu-Xiang Liu, Ze-Ying Liu
Acinetobacter sp. Y1, with a remarkable capability of heterotrophic nitrification and aerobic denitrification, was isolated from the activated sludge of a coke plant wastewater. It can simultaneously remove specific organic matter and different nitrogen (ammonium nitrogen, nitrite nitrogen and nitrate...
Proceedings Article

Simulation for Integrated Systems of Typical Coal-to-liquids Processes and Waste Energy Exploitation Based on Different Gasification Processes

Ge-Wen Yu, Xiao-Li Yang, Yan-Ming Wang
Integrated systems of FT liquids processes and waste energy utilization based on Shell, GSP and GE gasification are designed and simulated. The results show that under the condition of 1 000 t/hr coal feedstock, the yields of the liquids, including diesel, naphtha and LPG, are 205.2t/hr, 73.2t/hr and...
Proceedings Article

Interface Discharge Behaviour at Polypropylene Nanocomposites and Silicone Rubber under AC Voltage

Jin-Shan Yu, Chun-Yan Hao, Jun-Ke Guo, Xin He, Xiang-Ying Yu
Polypropylene has a great electrical property and may be used as primary insulating material in electrical power cable. In cable accessory, the field distribution is often distorted since the very complicated physical structure, which makes interface discharge between PP and cable joint insulation easy...
Proceedings Article

Effects of Land Consolidation Period and Tillage of Hollowed Villages on Soil Properties in Loess Plateau

Wei-Hua Zhang, Zeng-Hui Ma, Lu Zhang
The land consolidation in hollowed villages deeply affected soil properties in loess plateau. The object of this work was to analysis the soil properties changes in 6 consolidation years with 2 tillage types. Results showed that the soil bulk density, soil clay content, pH, soil organic matters, total...
Proceedings Article

Removal of Cr3+ in Aqueous Solutions by Zeolite A/Activated Carbon Composite Synthesized from Elutrilithe

Yong Zhang, Juan-Juan Ma, Hui-Gang Wang, Xing-Yu Cui, Feng Yu, Wen-Ping Cheng, Jing-Hong Ma
In this work, the zeolite A/activated carbon (A/AC) composite was synthesized from elutrilithe and pitch, and the removal of Cr3+ from aqueous solutions has been evaluated. The effects of batch experiment conditions, such as solution pH, contact time and initial concentration, on Cr3+ adsorption performances...
Proceedings Article

Leaching Characteristics of Vanadium with Assistant in Sulfuric Acid from Titano-Magnetite

Xiao-Bo Zhu, Wang Li, Wen-Zhong Li, Shen Tang
The recovery of vanadium with calcium fluoride in sulfuric acid medium was put forward from vanadium titano-magnetite in order to enhance the leaching efficiency of vanadium and reduce the environmental pollution. The main factors, leaching mechanism and kinetics analysis of vanadium from vanadium titano-magnetite...
Proceedings Article

Permeability Acquiring and Application for Coal Reservoir

Wen-Guang Zhao, Na Li, Chun-Lei Li
Permeability is important in evaluating coal reservoir, and the acquiring methods are various. In this paper, four main methods, i.e., drill stem test (DST), diagnostic fracture injection test (DFIT), production data analysis, and simulation were introduced. Though the hypothesis condition and application...
Proceedings Article

Evaluation Research on Intensive Land Use of Modern Agricultural Park

Chun Yang, Lu Li, Wen-Kuan Chen
With nearly thirty-year rapid development, contradiction of the demand of sustainable and sound development of agricultural park and limited land supply becomes especially obvious. The article takes the modern agricultural park in Pengxi County, Sichuan Province as an example. Establish the evaluation...
Proceedings Article

Research on Evaluation of Network Planning Based on Rough Set

Xu Zheng, Yong Huang, Xiu-Wen Xiong, Da-Wei Huang, Kai Yuan, Min Xu
An evaluation method of network planning based on rough set theory is proposed. Index weights assigning method is used to evaluate the coordination of network planning with the indexes of power system in reliability, safety, economy and environmental impact. On the principle of attribute importance of...
Proceedings Article

Research Progress in the Selective Adsorption of Removal of Heavy Metal Ions from Wastewater

Li-Li Ma, Qing-Lin Xie, Qing-Feng Yu, Nan-Chun Chen, Hui Xu
Toxic heavy metals in water have been a serious hazard human beings health and eco-environment. However, these heavy metals are usually important natural resources. How separate them from polluted water and reuse them, which is a hot issue in environmental protection field. Adsorption is widely used...
Proceedings Article

Study on Adsorption of Cd2+ by Manganese Modified Diatomite

Hui Xu, Nan-Chun Chen, Qing-Lin Xie, Li-Li Ma, Qing-Feng Yu
Diatomaceous earth itself has a large specific surface area, porous structured, large aperture and uniform, modest, stable skeleton structure of hole wall, easy to modify, high adsorption capacity, good thermal stability, mechanical stability and water, etc. Make it will benefit the adsorption of heavy...
Proceedings Article

Study on Separation/Enrichment of Bismuth using Microcrystalline Thymolphthalein Loaded with Diacetydioxime

Chang-Qing Tu, Xin-Rong Wen
A novel method for the separation/enrichment of trace Bi3+ using microcrystalline thymolphthalein loaded with diacetydioxime was established. The effects of different parameters on the enrichment yield of Bi3+ have been investigated. The possible enrichment mechanism of Bi3+ was discussed. The results...
Proceedings Article

Relationship between Glyoxylate Cycle and Nitrification Efficiency based on Heterotrophic Nitrification Bacterium Acinetobacter sp.Y1

Ya-Qing Li, Yu-Xiang Liu
The growth and ammonium removal ability of heterotrophic nitrification bacterium are strongly influenced by carbon sources, as well as the activities of key enzymes of glyoxylate cycle. To obtain a better insight into the relationship between glyoxylate cycle and nitrification, the two key enzymes of...
Proceedings Article

Biochemical Oxygen Demand Soft Measurement Based On LE-RVM

Long Luo
In order to solve the modeling problem of biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) in wastewater treatment process. This paper proposes an online BOD predictive method based on Laplacian Eigenmaps - Relevance Vector Machine ( LE-RVM) . First, the easy to obtain the parameters of the wastewater treatment process...
Proceedings Article

Environmental Regulation Theory and Its Application

Li-Ping Wang
This article reviewed various arguments about environmental regulation and its theoretical basis, combined with the practice of environmental protection in China's enterprises, put forward several directions for further research, so as to provide a decision-making reference for the environmental protection...
Proceedings Article

Competitive Adsorption of Heavy Metals Copper, Cadmium and Lead by Synthetic Zeolite

Xiao Zhang, Ting Cheng, Chen Chen
The experiments are to study the competitive adsorption properties of three heavy metals of Cu2+, Cd2+ and Pb2+ ions through synthesizing zeolite. The influencing factors and competitive adsorption kinetic modes are investigated. The results show that, with the increase of adsorbed dose, the removal...
Proceedings Article

The Research of Using Fly Ash based Polymer Materials to Immobilize Iodine Ion

Chen Chen, Rui-Yang Lv, Fan Feng, Ting Cheng
The article discusses the immobilization on Iodine ion by using fly ash based geopolymer materials, the compressive strength, XRD and IR patterns vary with the amount of immobilization. The leaching experiment and the fitting of leaching kinetics data are done on the previous basis. The experimental...
Proceedings Article

Reversible Capture of CO2 by Cucurbit[7]uril Absorbent

Li Liu
Traditionalamine absorbents for CO2are oftentimes corrosive to equipment and degrade through oxidation, thus severely restricting the wide application in CO2capture. Herein, asupramolecular approach to CO2capture by cucurbit [7] uril (CB [7]) complex was developed. NH2 (CH2)6NH2 CB [7] complex can convert...
Proceedings Article

Research on Hyperspectral Unmixing Oil Spill Monitoring

Can Cui, Ying Li, Hong-Ji Chen, Bing-Xin Liu, Jin Xu, Guan-Nan Li
Hyperspectral unmixing is an important technique for hyperspectral image analysis. In this paper, we took Airborne Visible Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS) hyperspectral imagery as dataset to monitor oil spills. The information of oil spills was retrieved through image preprocessing, minimum noise...
Proceedings Article

Effect of Corona Discharge Treatment on Interface Discharge Behaviour between Polypropylene and Silicone Rubber

Jun-Ke Guo, Chun-Yan Hao, Jin-Shan Yu, Li-Qiu Lu
Electric field distribution in cable joint can be enhanced because its structural complexity, this forms interface discharge between the main insulation of cable and the insulation of cable joint. Polypropylene (PP) has good electrical property and is suitable for being used as insulation material of...
Proceedings Article

Rebuild strategy for Coastal Villages with Reasonable Expense Renjiatai Trial

Min-Min Guo, Li-Ting Zhou
Aims at putting product design into practice,Renjiatai trial is designed to investigate the rebuild model of coastal villages in eastern area of Shandong.Based on the requirements from being both product and art output, we tried to investigate the commercial and art value of the traditional architecture...
Proceedings Article

Experimental Study on the Removal of Algae and Odor with the Combined Process of Potassium Permanganate and Powdered Activated Carbon

Feng-Ping Hu, Wen-Jie Hu, Xiao-Jun Peng, Hong-Ling Dai
The pre-oxidation agent is potassium permanganate (KMnO4) and the adsorbent is powdered activated carbon in this experiment. The raw water is treated by KMnO4 comparing with KMnO4 and powdered activated carbon in order to study the removal of turbidity, algae and odor. When the KMnO4 dosage is 1.2mg/L,...
Proceedings Article

The Eco-Environmental Fragility Assessment of Ningdong Base

Feng-Jun Li, Min Hu, Xiao-Le Guo
We select the Ningdong Energy and Chemistry Industry Base (referred to as Ningdong Base) as research object and take the ecological environment as evaluating target. According to the subject and object factors, the SVM model of ecological environment vulnerability assessment is constructed by using principal...
Proceedings Article

Overview of Pavement Materials and Operation Phases for the Minnesota Road

Shuang Li, Zhen-Gang Feng, Xin-Jun Li, Pei-Long Li
Asphalt pavement is easily suffered from early damage under exposure to the natural environment. Regular pavement performance monitoring is mostly based on laboratory test, which could not simulate the actual pavement conditions effectively. Thus it is significant to develop an accelerated test facility....
Proceedings Article

Heterogeneity and Controlling Factors of Oxfordian Stage Carbonate Reservoir of Odjarly Gas Field, Amu Darya Basin

Bing-Xiong Lu, Long-Hua Mo
Based on core observation and thin section authentication, the control factors of Oxfordian Stage carbonate reservoir of Odjarly Gas field of Amu Darya Basin were discussed by comprehensive utilization of geological, drilling, seismic data etc. It was concluded that the carbonate reservoir developed...
Proceedings Article

The Trace Element Characteristics of Shales from Upper Ordovician-Lower Silurian in Wuling Depression: Implication for Block Amalgamation Time and Tectonic Setting

Yuan-Yuan Peng, Zhi-Hong Kang, Hui-Yu Han, Lei Zhou
The collision time of the Yangtze Block and the Cathaysia Block has been controversial for decades.This paper discusses the sedimentary provenance and tectonic setting through the analysis of the trace element characteristics. The study results suggests that the Yangtze Block and Cathaysia Block were...
Proceedings Article

Research of a Novel Fluorescence Probe for Cu2+ and Its Applications in Environmental Analysis

Tian-Tian Su, Yan Liu, Yi-Min Zhu
In this paper, a novel fluorescence probe based on Rhodamine(RB), which can be used in the quick detection of Cu2+ in environment, was synthesized. It was found that the addition of Cu ions led to a significantly enhanced fluorescence, while other common metal ions such as Na+, K +,Mg2+,Ca2+,Mn2+,Co2+,Ni2+,Ag+,Ba2+,Zn2+,Fe3+andFe2+...
Proceedings Article

Performance Study and Analysis of a 300MW High Backpressure Heat Supply Unit Condenser after Retrofit

Xue-Tong Wang, Yu-Feng Yan, Ang Song, Chuan-Ling Liu
This paper introduces the retrofit of the condenser of a 300MW high backpressure heating turbine. According to the test data of high and low backpressure situation, we calculated the operation indexes of the condenser at these situation. The condenser terminal temperature difference is both small at...
Proceedings Article

Casing Damage Prevention and Control Technology of Super Heavy Oil Thermal Production Well A Case research of Du 84 block in Shu 1 area, Liaohe Oilfield

Jia-Nian Xu, Hong-Li Liu
A large number of thermal recovery wells casing was damaged during the early development of Du 84. Casing damage thermal production wells amounted to 214 by the end of 2002, accounting for 66.7% of the production wells. The casing damage had affected the normal production of these thermal wells. Thus...