Proceedings of the International Renewable Energy Storage Conference (IRES 2022)

+ Advanced search
38 articles
Proceedings Article

Peer-Review Statements

Peter Schossig, Peter Droege, Antonia Riemer, Martin Speer
Proceedings Article

Are Carnot Batteries an Alternative When Repurposing Coal Power Plants in Europe?

Vartan Ahrens Kayayan
As Europe transitions away from coal-fired power plants, there is indecision regarding the fate of the retiring sites. This paper tests the feasibility of an alternative to consider: Carnot Batteries. Refurbishing existing power plants has several advantages. Components can be put to a new purpose. The...
Proceedings Article

Numerical Model for Underground Hydrogen Storage in Cased Boreholes

Antoine Bachand, Bernard Doyon, Robert Schulz, Ralph Rudd, Jasmin Raymond
The decrease in generation costs of renewable energy, combined with advances in electrolyser technologies, suggest that green hydrogen production may be a viable option in the ongoing energy transition. Yet, a green hydrogen economy requires not only production solutions but also storage options, which...
Proceedings Article

Air-Source Heat Pump with Integrated Latent Heat Storage for Residential Buildings: Concept Development and Design Evaluation

Arash Bastani, Justin Tamasauskas
Heat pumps effectively support electrification and reduce energy consumption associated with building heating and cooling. Air-source heat pumps (ASHP) use the ambient air as a thermal source or sink for the heat pump (HP). ASHPs are the most common form of HP system in Canadian residential buildings...
Proceedings Article

Theoretical and Experimental Investigation of Voltage Current Characteristic, Losses and Self-discharge of a Vanadium Redox Flow Battery System

Richard Beyer, Thilo Bocklisch
The paper describes results of the theoretical and experimental investigation and the modeling of a 5 kW and 15 kWh vanadium redox flow battery system (VRFBS). The first part of the paper presents the dependence of the voltage-current characteristics on state of charge (SOC), temperature, and electrolyte...
Proceedings Article

Automating Storage Arbitrage in German Electricity Market

Mariia Bilousova, Anton Motornenko, Fabian Hofmann
This study examines the potential of energy arbitrage in the German electricity market as a way to increase the return on investment of battery storage technologies. The main goal is to develop and estimate the performance of automated arbitrage strategies for households using Tesla Powerwall energy...
Proceedings Article

Hybrid Lithium-Ion Battery Storage Solution with Optimizing Energy Management and Online Condition Monitoring for Multi-use Applications

Michael Böttiger, Margrit Wicke, Sebastian Sacht, Florus Härtel, Ronny Gelleschus, Thilo Bocklisch
The paper presents current research results of the HYBAT project, in which a hybrid lithium-ion battery storage solution is being developed for three types of application: self-consumption optimization in industry and commerce, capacity-firming in a renewable energy park and buffer storage for electric...
Proceedings Article

Numerical Study of the Influence of Fins’ Geometry on the Thermal Performances of a Vertical Shell and Tube Latent Heat Thermal Energy Storage

Teddy Chedid, Erwin Franquet, Jérôme Pouvreau, Pierre Garcia, Jean-Pierre Bédécarrats
This study consists of evaluating the impact of radial-fins’ configurations on natural convection in liquid PCM and on the thermal performances of a vertical shell-and-tube latent heat thermal energy storage system. The design parameters tested are the fin number for a given tube length, the fins’ length...
Proceedings Article

The Smart Combination of a Novel MicroCHP, PVs and Various Energy Storage Possibilities to Provide the Household Energy Needs All year Round

Joseph Cilia, Andrea Brincat, Carmel Ellul, James Attard, Neville Azzopardi, Matthew Schembri, Redeemer Axisa, Markus Thiry, David Cilia
The problem of seasonal energy storage, where excess renewable energy in the summer months is stored to cater for the winter season, is an active topic being researched [1, 2]. The solution being proposed in this paper targets residential homes, and is the result of the development of a microCHP with...
Proceedings Article

Integrated Power Plant Fired by Syngas from Solid Wastes and Natural Gas with Case for Energy Storage

Ogheneruona E. Diemuodeke, Kesiena Owebor
The study presents an integrated power generation system fired by dual-fuel (syngas from solid wastes and natural gas) with a carbon capture technology to minimize greenhouse gas emissions from power plants and landfills. This study is vital because the upstream power sector’s decarbonisation is necessary...
Proceedings Article

Demand-Side Response for Grid-Independent Islands Based on Flexible Energy Management Using Heat Pumps

James Freeman, Daniel Coakley, Charalampos Angelopoulos
Large-scale deployment of local renewable energy sources (RES), coupled with demand-side response (DSR), is viewed as a critical strategy for improved energy security on geographic islands. This study, conducted as part of the Horizon 2020 “REACT” Project, focuses on the case-study island of Inishmore,...
Proceedings Article

Integration of Power-To-Methane into Glass Melting Processes

Sebastian Gärtner, Daniel Rank, Michael Heberl, Matthias Gaderer, Michael Sterner
The glass industry is facing increased challenges regarding climate protection targets and rising energy costs. The integration of renewable energy including conversion and storage is a key for both challenges in this energy-intensive industrial sector, which has been mainly relying on fossil gas so...
Proceedings Article

Impact of Model and Forecast Uncertainties on the Performance of the Model Predictive Control of a PV-Battery-Heat Pump-Heat Storage System

Ronny Gelleschus, Thilo Bocklisch
Recent research has shown that model predictive control (MPC) is a practical tool for the realization of an intelligent single- or multi-use energy management for both single and hybrid energy storage systems. Based on a system model and forecasts of external influences, such a controller will find the...
Proceedings Article

Getting Closer to Reality? Peak-Shaving with Battery Systems in Commerce and Industry

Arne Groß, Lars Kreilgaard, Benedikt Köpfer, Matthias Kühnbach
With decreasing prices of batteries, business cases of electric storage systems reach profitability in commercial applications. However, for commercial storage systems to become economically attractive, many studies indicate that different use cases both behind and in front of the meter must be addressed...
Proceedings Article

Multi-use Energy Management Concept for PV Battery Storage Systems Based on Reinforcement Learning

Florus Härtel, Thilo Bocklisch
This contribution introduces an energy management concept for multi-use applications of PV battery storage systems based on reinforcement learning (RL). The approach uses the state-of-the-art Proximal Policy Optimization algorithm in combination with recurrent Long Short-Term Memory networks to derive...
Proceedings Article

Analysis of Operating and Positioning Strategies of Home and Community Storage Systems in Low Voltage Grids in a Sector-Coupled and Renewable Energy System

Tabea Katerbau, Ricardo Reibsch, Julia Kowal
An energy system transformation is mandatory to reach a climate-neutral energy system. Several challenges within this transformation process have to be overcome. Due to the increasing sector coupling and renewable energy power plants on a decentralised level, new challenges arise. Photovoltaic systems,...
Proceedings Article

Comparison of Renewable Large-Scale Energy Storage Power Plants Based on Technical and Economic Parameters

Ann-Kathrin Klaas, Hans-Peter Beck
With the increasing expansion of renewable energies in Germany, the temporary electricity surplus is rising and with it the need for large-scale energy storage. In this research, a systematic comparison of different concepts for large-scale storage of electrical energy is carried out based on technical...
Proceedings Article

Flexible Operation of Electrolysis under Local Conditions and its Impact on the Medium Voltage Grid

A Study Case of an Industrial Area in the City of Ulm

David E. Langer, Basem Idlbi, Holger Ruf, Georg Kleiser
Various industrial processes need hydrogen (e.g. steel production), which is commonly produced by fossil energy sources and causes a high amount of greenhouse gases. Hydrogen made of sustainably generated electrical power with the Power-to-gas technology (PtG) can substitute fossil-based hydrogen. ...
Proceedings Article

Modern NIR Spectrometer Technology for Real-Time State-of-Charge Estimation of Heat Storage Materials

Evgeny Legotin, Gayaneh Issayan, Bernhard Zettl, Markus Brandstetter, Christian Rankl
Sorption heat storage is expected to play an important role in future thermal energy systems, particularly in buildings and industrial processes. For optimal operation, it is important to control the parameters of heat storage systems, such as the state-of-charge. In this study, we show the possibility...
Proceedings Article

Towards Integration of Energy Storage Systems for Carbon Neutral Buildings

A Review of Multi-Criteria Decision Making Approaches

Xiaoshu Lü, Tao Lu, Pekka Tervola
Building sector consumes about 40% of the global energy consumption and emits over 30% of the global energy-related CO2 emissions. It is one of the most resource-intensive sectors and the main contributor of the environmental emissions. Additionally, the amount of greenhouse gas emissions is increasing...
Proceedings Article

Analysis of the Remaining Useful Life of Electric Vehicle Batteries and Development of Second-Life Solutions

Aghatta Moreira, Vitor Arioli, Maria Fatima Rosolem, Raul Beck, Camila Omae, Hongwu Ding, Thiago Nascimento, Fernando Padela, Gustavo Contin, Marcelo Camboim, Jonathan Moura, Thomas Nunes
When batteries used in electric vehicles reach the end of their useful life in this application, they still have a high potential for reuse in other less demanding applications regarding power and cycling, such as stationary energy storage systems with renewable energy. This concept is called second-life....
Proceedings Article

Utilization of a Latent Heat Storage for Waste Heat Recovery from an Aluminum Die Casting Plant and the Supply of Preheating and Heat Treatment Furnaces with Stored Heat

Philipp Moser, Christoph Zauner, Bernd Windholz, Michael Lauermann
Aluminum die casting is an important industrial process and due to melting very energy intensive. Currently, there is a lot of unused waste heat from moulding and cooling in the casting cell. This represents the source of waste heat utilization in this paper. A preheating furnace act as a proper and...
Proceedings Article

Life Cycle Assessment of Sodium-Nickel-Chloride Batteries

Malina Nikolic, Nora Schelte, Michele Velenderic, Frederick Adjei, Semih Severengiz
Battery storage systems are a crucial factor for the decarbonization of energy systems, to balance the fluctuating energy generation of renewable energy sources. However, some battery types have disadvantages regarding their environmental impact, due to their material composition. Recently, sodium-nickel-chloride...
Proceedings Article

Optimized Energy Management of a Solar and Wind Equipped Student Residence with Innovative Hybrid Energy Storage and Power to Heat Solutions

Lakshimi Narayanan Palaniswamy, Nina Munzke, Christian Kupper, Marc Hiller
Grid-connected Energy Storage Systems (ESS) are vital for transforming the current energy sector. Lithium-Ion Battery (LIB) technology is presently the most popular form of ESS, especially because of its fast response capability, efficiency, and reducing market prices, but is not always preferred for...
Proceedings Article

The Potential of Thermal Energy Storage for Sustainable Energy Supply at Chemical Sites

Marco Prenzel, Freerk Klasing, Rüdiger Franck, Karen Perrey, Juliane Trautmann, Andreas Reimer, Stefan Kirschbaum, Thomas Bauer
Ambitious greenhouse gas reduction targets and the currently surging energy prices pose significant challenges for the chemical industry. In this paper, the integration of molten salt thermal energy storage into the chemical site utility infrastructure is proposed to enable decarbonized and cost-effective...
Proceedings Article

Control Concepts for a Decentralized Battery Management System to Optimize Reliability and Battery Operation

Andrea Reindl, Lars Eriksson, Michael Niemetz, Sangyoung Park, Hans Meier
Battery systems are used in a wide range of safety-relevant applications, such as electric vehicles, unmanned aerial vehicles and home storage systems. Safety, reliability and availability of the battery system therefore play a key role. In addition, the useful service lifetime of the batteries determines...
Proceedings Article

Design Optimization of a Rotor for Flywheel Energy Storage System

Kainat Riaz, Syeda Fatima Imam, Zia ul Rehman Tahir, Tariq Ali, Ahmad Hassan, Imran Amin, Nida Ilyas, Muhammad Taimoor Adil, Sajeer Ahmad, Muhammad Abdullah, Najum ud Din, Muhammad Saad
The aim of this study is to design and shape optimization of flywheel rotor with different combinations of diameter and height with constant rotational speed, energy storage capacity and material properties. Shape optimization was performed for three different shapes to find the most suitable shape for...
Proceedings Article

Multi Agent Control Based Energy Optimisation of a Prosumer Household and a Community with Bidirectional Electric Vehicles

Aliqyaan Sakarwala, Nauman Beg, Karen Derendorf, Frank Schuldt
Prosumer households with photovoltaic systems face the problem of occasionally generating electricity that cannot be used within the house but must be fed into the electricity grid. This is not desired since with changing policies in Germany, the feed-in tariff has been reduced considerably and the cost...
Proceedings Article

A Multi-objective Design Optimization Approach to PV and Battery Storage for Sector-Integrated Energy Systems at Logistics Facilities -

Under Consideration for the Integration of Temperature-controlled Transport

Jan-Simon Telle, Sunke Schlüters, Thomas Poppinga, Benedikt Hanke, Karsten Maydell, Carsten Agert
This work outlines an approach to the optimal design optimization of a photovoltaic (PV) and battery storage system and its integration into the sector-integrated energy system of a logistics company’s facilities. Another major objective is the optimized integration of refrigerated trailers (reefers)...
Proceedings Article

Influence of Heat and Mass Transfer on the Performance of Large-Scale Thermal Energy Storage Systems

Alice Tosatto, Fabian Ochs, Abdulrahman Dahash, Christoph Muser, Felix Kutscha-Lissberg, Peter Kremnitzer
The current path towards the reduction of fossil-based energy carriers in District Heating systems involves an increasing use of renewable energy sources. In this perspective, the use of efficient thermal energy storage (TES) systems represents an important solution to allow a wider diversification and...
Proceedings Article

The Potential of Hydrogen-Based Storage Systems in Sub-saharan Africa

Sebastian Schneider, Michele Velenderic, Maximilian Staib, Elias Küpper, Semih Severengiz
Photovoltaic power systems and mini-grids with energy storage in form of electrochemical batteries are becoming more widespread and are playing an increasingly important role in energy supply. By design, photovoltaic-based power systems often generate a surplus of electrical energy during favourable...
Proceedings Article

The Role of Power-to-X in a Sustainable Energy System Based 100% on Renewables

Sebastian Voswinckel, Anita Demuth, Harry Lehmann
To stop global warming, all sectors must become climate neutral. To reach this aim energy use must be reduced, efficiency must be increased and the remaining energy demand must be covered by renewables. This 100 per cent renewables supply will lead to a regular and cyclic energy over supply. However...
Proceedings Article

Adaptive Fuzzy Logic Controller Based Energy Management for a Stand-alone PV Hybrid System with Battery and Hydrogen Storage Path

Konrad Warner, Thilo Bocklisch
The paper describes a novel adaptive fuzzy logic controller based energy management concept (A-FLC-EM) for a stand-alone photovoltaic (PV) hybrid system with battery and hydrogen storage path. The reference application is a single family home. The basic idea is to switch and optimally adjust the energy...
Proceedings Article

Compatibility Testing On A New Ceramic Filler Material For Packed Bed Thermal Energy Storage

Julius Weiss, Ralf Müller, Dimitrina Lang, Martin Schichtel, Thomas Fluri
Thermal storages can contribute to decarbonization in storing energy of fluctuating renewables and waste heat of industrial processes by decoupling supply and demand. A great opportunity to decrease the cost of high temperature storage is given by single tank thermocline storage systems, where large...
Proceedings Article

Environmental Impacts of Using Hydrogen for Defossilizing Industrial Specialty Glass Production

Christina Wulf, Petra Zapp
The glass industry is part of Germany’s energy-intensive industry. Today, mostly fossil energy carriers are used to produce the high temperatures needed, e.g., to melt the raw materials. One option to push defossilisation is the use of green hydrogen in the furnace. The strictest requirements regarding...
Proceedings Article

Simulation Based Techno-Economic Evaluation of Self-sufficient Microgrid Systems with Renewable Energy and Power-to-X

Zhenan Zhang, Alexander Buttler, Pawel Wienclaw, Claus-Oliver Schmalzing, Jona Siebert, Andreas Flohr
Because of the renewable energy’s weather dependence (e.g. wind, solar) as well as the normally mismatched load profile of energy consumption, the deployment of energy storages in Microgrid system is mandatory for an autarky. The Power-to-X (PtX) technology with Hydrogen or Synthetic gas will be one...
Proceedings Article

Testing of an Industrial PCM Heat Storage Prototype Using Adipic Acid-Graphite

Herbert Zondag, Michel Pal, Simon Smeding, Robert Boer
A prototype of an industrial PCM heat storage has been built and tested. The module is designed for use in an industrial steam system. The module has a storage capacity of 4 kWh (14 MJ) and a power of about 8 kW, allowing for charge and discharge times of 30 min. As PCM, adipic acid has been used (melting...

Correction to: The Potential of Thermal Energy Storage for Sustainable Energy Supply at Chemical Sites

Marco Prenzel, Freerk Klasing, Rüdiger Franck, Karen Perrey, Juliane Trautmann, Andreas Reimer, Stefan Kirschbaum, Thomas Bauer