Proceedings of the 2015 International Symposium on Material, Energy and Environment Engineering

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151 articles

Research Advance in the Use of Catalysts for Sludge Pyrolysis

Yang Xu, Guori Dong, Fang Chen, Hongyong Li, Jibin Wang
In recent years, the discharge amount of all kinds of sewage is increasingly increased, and therefore the handling problem of sewage sludge, an inevitable product of sewage treatment, has drawn more and more attention. As a new type of sludge treatment technology, the production technology of bio-oil...

The Research Progress on the Synthesis and Application of Microporous Coordination Polymers

Yan Qin, Yu Xiao, Pu Huang, Yun Zhu, Ming Yi
With the deepening of research, microporous coordination polymers, as a new type of molecule based materials, show potential application prospect. They have pore structure diversifications, high specific surface areas, unsaturated coordination sites and coordination mode diversifications, and their performance...

Analysis and Research on Mineral Hyperspectral Features

Wei Wang, Jinlin Wang, Kefa Zhou, Zhixin Zhang, Shuguang Zhou, Sihui Duxi, Mengjuan Wu
Hyperspectral Remote Sensing Technology in geological prospecting, spectral feature information extraction and other aspects have made significant progress, and a lot of achievements. Compared with the traditional geological survey, mapping prospecting, geological mapping using hyperspectral have low...

Study on the Preparation Technology of SiNx Thin Film by PECVD

Huawei Xu, Zhiyuan He, Qingli Huang, Dongxiang Luo, Jianyao Hu, Linyong Fan
To prepare SiNx thin film with good compactness, fast deposition rate and stable performance, plasma-enhanced chemical vapour deposition (PECVD) is adopted to study the influences of different technological parameters on the properties of SiNx thin film. The experimental results indicate that SiH4 and...

Effect of Ball Milling on the Electrochemical Properties of La0.7(Mg0.25Ti0.05)(Ni0.85Co0.15)3.5 Hydrogen Storage Alloy

Shujun Qiu, Xingyu Ma, Errui Wang, Jianling Huang, Hailiang Chu, Yongjin Zou, Cuili Xiang, Fen Xu, Lixian Sun
The influence of ball milling on the structure and the electrochemical properties of La0.7(Mg0.25Ti0.05)(Ni0.85Co0.15)3.5 hydrogen storage alloy was investigated systematically. The XRD results show that the main phases of the alloy are a (LaMg)Ni3 phase with the PuNi3-type rhombohedral structure and...

Studies on the Determination of Formaldehyde in Squid and Bummalo

Xuan Zhang, Xiaosheng Shen, Yun Hua Hui, Cong Kong, Yuan Wang, Bing Feng, Youqiong Cai, Dongmei Huang
The paper tends to study the determination of formaldehyde in squid and bummalo by HPLC. The calibration curve in the 0.5-50.0 µg/mL range was obtained and correlation coefficient was 0.9993. The detection limit was 5 mg/kg. Endogenous formaldehyde in bummalo and squid as well as the change rule of formaldehyde...

Ultrasound-Assisted Extraction for Soluble Antimony(III) and Antimony(V) Speciation in Leigongteng by Hydride Generation Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry

Jinrong Feng
A simple and rapid ultrasound assisted extraction method with hydrochloric acid for antimony speciation in Chinese traditional medicine leigongteng was developed. Antimony(III) is selectively reduced in a citric acid buffer solution at pH 3 in the presence of antimony(V), where no reduction of antimony(V)...

Numerical Simulation on the Impact Damage of CFRP Laminates with Different Porosities

Aying Zhang, Dongxing Zhang, Mingzhe Qu, Kai Yu
The influence of the porosity on the impact damage of CFRP laminates was investigated. A finite element analysis model is established by using ABAQUS software combined with the sudden stiffness degradation model. The failure criterion of the impact damage of the fabric fiber reinforced composites is...

The Impact Damage and Medium Leakage of CFRP Laminates with Different Thickness

Aying Zhang, Dongxing Zhang, Mingzhe Qu, Kai Yu
The effects of thickness and impact energy on the impact damage and the medium leakage of CFRP laminates were studied in this paper. Impact tests for the CFRP laminates with the size of 600 mm×700 mm with five different thicknesses were subjected to the impact energy levels from 5 J to 65 J. The matrix...

Research on the Damage Assessment of Carbon/Epoxy Composite Laminates at Different Impact Energy

Aying Zhang, Haibao Lu
The influence of the impact energy on the impact damage of the carbon fiber fabric reinforced epoxy composites laminates was investigated. Impact tests on the carbon/epoxy composite laminates with the size of 600 mm×700 mm were conducted with different the impact energy levels from 5 J to 65 J at the...

The Controllable Synthesis of Silver Nanowires by Using the Polyol Method with Trace Agent

Hongli Guo, Guangjian Xing, Zhixin Yang
Ag nanowires were successfully synthesized by the polyol process with the addition of trace amounts of HCl and HNO3. In addition, the relationship between the final morphology of the silver products and the reaction parameters, such as the quality ratio of HCl and HNO3 were studied detailed. The results...

Transparent Electrodes Fabricated via Graphene and Silver Nanowire Hybrid Films

Zhixin Yang, Ang Zuo, Hongli Guo, Guangjian Xing
The transparent electrodes were fabricated via graphene and silver nanowire hybrid films using vacuum filtration method. The influence of raw material concentration on the structure, morphology and the properties of the thin films were studied. With the content of silver nanowires and graphene increase,...

Development Features and Fractal Research of fold structure of No.5 Coal Seam in Chenghe-Second Coal Mine

Zhipei Zhang, Yi Cheng, Jia Wang, Xingyu Wang
According to the collected geological data, this thesis has systematically summarized the development feature of folds of No.5 coal seam in Chenghe-Second coal mine by counting and analyzing the setting of regional geological structure and characteristics of mine geological structure. Based on the above-mentioned...

Application of SCS-CN Model in Runoff Estimation

Dake Wang, Liangqiong Qin, Bao Chang, Mingxing Wang, Weihua Zhang
Runoff calculation is an important part of regional runoff forecast and water resources evaluation model. The Soil Conservation Service (SCS) curve number (CN) model developed by the U.S. Department of Agriculture National Resources Conversion Service (NRCS) is the most popular and widely applied model...

Graphene-Wrapped Fe3O4 Anode Material for High-Performance Lithium Ion Batteries

Yu Jiang, Zhongjie Jiang, Meilin Liu
The encapsulation of Fe3O4 particles in a graphene shell to form a core-shell structure is a promising way to improve the electrochemical performance of lithium ion batteries (LIBs). The continuous graphene shell may enhance the electrical conductivity of the electrodes, facilitating current collection...

Natural Fiber Thermal Insulation Materials from Fire Prevention Point of View

Linda Makovická Osvaldová, Stanislava Gašpercová, Martin Petho
Natural fiber thermal insulation is rarely used in the Slovak republic. This low usage might be caused by various factors such as mistrust of new materials from the point of view of thermal insulation installation or of their behavior in case of fire. The paper focuses on the problem of their reaction...

Preparation and Properties of a Composite Grinding Aid for Steel Slag and Granulated Blast Furnace Slag

Mimi Chen, Fengqing Zhao, Tielin Fan
This paper presented the design of a composite grinding aid for steel slag and granulated blast-furnace slag with glycerol distilled residue as main raw material. Several commonly used grinding aids were investigated and the optimal formulation of the composite grinding aid was obtained with the mass...

Preparation of Multi nitrate molten salt and its properties tests

Wei Zhai, Bo Yang, Maodong Li, Shiping Li, Mingliang Xin, Jinmei Lin, Lian Wang
In this paper, by adding different additives in Solar Two molten salt in order to form multiple composite molten salts. And testing the thermal performance of mixture molten salt can be comparatively analysis of the modification effects of different additives. The melting point and latent heat of mixture...

Template-Free Hydrothermal Synthesis of Nanorod (RuTi)O2 Composite Cathode for Hydrogen Evolution in Alkali Solution

Kun Xiong, Lin Zhou, Xianming Zhang, Xiaoshu Lv, Guangming Jiang
A novel nanorod (RuTi)O2 composite cathode has been prepared via a facile and controllable approach. X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and linear scanning voltammetry (LSV) were used to scrutinize the electrodes and the electrochemical performance. The results reveal that the...

The Effect of Precipitants on Ce-La Solid Solution Prepared from Mixed Rare Earth Chloride by a Co-Precipitation Method

Xue Han, Hongrui Hao, Ronggui Guo
Ce-La solid solution were prepared from mixed rare earth chloride via the co-precipitation method using various precipitants: urea, Na2CO3, NaHCO3, (NH4)2CO3 and NH4HCO3. The effects of the precipitants on the physicochemical properties, crystal structure and morphology of the Ce-La solid solution are...

Study on Preparation and Stability of Sultamicillin Tosilate-β-Cyclodextrin

Xiangqun Xu, Yihui Ping, Jian Xiong, Lin Cheng
Preparation of sultamicillin tosilate -cyclodextrin inclusion to study the stablility. Method: the contents of the inclusion compound of the mixture were determined by the method of saturated aqueous solution. The content of the mixture was determined by UV spectrophotometry and the content of the mixture...

Preparation of Lincomycin-β-Cyclodextrin Complex by Ultrasonic Method

Xiangqun Xu, Jie Yang, Youquan Zhong, Huayu Wang, Nian Hong, Lin Cheng
To study the best process conditions for preparing ultrasonic lincomycin -cyclodextrin inclusion. Method: Choose the usage ration of Lincomycin hydrochloride with -cyclodextrin, the inclusion temperature and the time of reaction as the main factors, and use the inclusion yield as evaluated indicators...

Carbon Nanotube Network Structure Induced Shape Memory Behavior Changes of Liquid Crystalline Polyurethane

Yueting Li, Huiqin Lian, Wei Chang, Benzhe Wu, Yupeng Liu, Junlin Ma, Junwei Ma, Jierui Wang
Liquid crystalline polyurethane (LCPU) was used to develop shape memory nanocomposites. The carbon nanotubes were introduced by melt mixing to improve the shape memory property of the LCPU matrix. The dispersion of CNTs and shape memory behaviours of the nanocomposites were also studied. The XRD shows...

Exploration of the Possibility of Ionic Polyurethane used as IPMC Substrate

Yanou Hu, Huiqin Lian, Yueting Li, Wei Chang
In this study, polyurethane elastomer containing sulfonic acid based was synthesized by two steps. Poly(tetramethylene ether) glycol with 2000g/mol number average molecular weight were used as soft segment, 4,4-methylenebis(phenyl isocyanate), and 1,2-dihydroxy-3-propanesulfonic acid salt were used to...

Effects of Oil Spill on Activities of Enzymes( SOD, GOT and AHH) in the Shrimp Penaeus Vannamei

Hongwei Wang, Fang Cai, Chunlong Zhao, Yaping Ma, Jing mei LIU, Yu Fan
With the Penaeus vannamei as experiment object, study the effect of oil on activities of enzymes (SOD, GOT and AHH) in the shrimp P. vannamei in different oil concentrations and time. Analyze the change of enzyme activity of shrimp polluted by oil through microplate reader and reagent. The results show...

Molecular Dynamics Simulation on the Separation of Ethanol/Water in the New 6FDA/mODMS Membranes

Wei Zhao, Wensheng Deng, Zhipeng Zhao, Miyi Li, Zhiping Zhao
It is well known that 4,4'- hexafluoro isopropylidene-phthalic anhydride(FDA) has higher permeability and selectivity. It is contributed to –CF group contained in polyimide structure material. In this study, the diffusion properties of a,w-bis(3-aminopropyldimethyl) oligodimethylsiloxane (ODMS) fragment...

Adsorption of CO on M-doped(M = Ca, Ce and Pr) Monoclinic Zirconia(111) Surface: A First-Principles Study

Hongchun Luo, Chunhua Zeng, Dong Tian, Hua Wang, Yunchang Fu
Structures and catalytic activities of CO molecule on monoclinic ZrO2(111)(M = Ce, Ca and Pr) surface has been studied by using density functional theory (DFT). Calculations indicate that on the stoichiometric ZrO2(111) surface, the preferential adsorption structure is the Zr-CO configuration. The adsorption...

Effects of nonylphenol on expression levels of GnRH-like polypeptide in Cipangopaludina chinensis

Hongwei Wang, Fang Cai, Xiang Liu, Guang Wang, Yuan na Wu, Yiwei Liu, Amena Hasan
Nonylphenol plays the role of estrogen in influencing male organisms in water much higher than the female biological. It is typical endocrine disruptors and does harm to biological reproductive system. Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) is a sex hormone-containing nerve decape-ptide.The main physiological...

The effects of Roxithromycin on the Activity of APND and GST in Cipangopaludina Chinensis

Hongwei Wang, Duanbo Cai, Yiwei Liu, Wen Zhao, Fang CAI, Yapeng Ren, Ze zhong LI
Cipangopaludina chinensis which is a kind of benthic invertebrates was taken as experimental invertebrate. In the condition of the Roxithromycin, the activity of APND and GST abstracted from the liver and kidney tissues of Cipangopaludina chinensis to investigate the effect of Roxithromycin on the biochemical...

Experimental Study on the Single Factor of Hydrogen Peroxide for the Degradation of Aniline

Yongguang Bi, Minxia Huang, Shiting Deng, Hong Yu, Xue wei Chen, Xuemei Liu, Hai lan Huang
This paper wastewater aniline reaction solution, the first reaction was added H2O2 degradation, changing the initial concentration of aniline were simulated wastewater, amount of H2O2, reaction time, pH value, investigate the effect of aniline degradation efficiency, the experimental results show : degradation...

Experimental research on single factor Enzymatic Extraction Polysaccharide barley

Yongguang Bi, Yumin Li
This paper discusses the factors Enzymatic Extraction barley polysaccharides investigate the effect of hydrolysis time, hydrolysis temperature, enzyme dosage, solid-liquid ratio and pH value of the five factors of barley polysaccharide extraction rate, the results show : with the increase of hydrolysis...

Optimization of Enzymatic Extraction Barley Polysaccharides Orthogonal Test Method

Yongguang Bi, Yumin Li
In order to optimize Enzymatic Extraction barley polysaccharides parameters, the use of orthogonal test to optimize their processes, affecting the cellulase barley polysaccharide extracted five factors, the maximum temperature hydrolysis, the solid-liquid ratio on minimum. The impact of the extraction...

Extraction of Total Polyphenols Kelp Optimization Test

Zhong Wang, Yongguang Bi, Xuewei Chen, Xuemei Liu, Hai lan Huang
In this study, seaweed kelp as the raw material, the use of ultrasound-assisted method of extraction process kelp total polyphenols were discussed. Research on the single factor affecting the total polyphenol extraction: ultrasonic time, ultrasonic power, ultrasonic temperature, ethanol concentration....

Study on Film Drip Irrigation of Maize to Dynamic Changes of Soil Temperature

Zeyu Liu, Yong Wang, Zhou Yu, Xing Li, Dihan Luo
On the observation data of maize under film drip irrigation in different depth of soil temperature and air temperature, analyzed the change status of film mulching and no film mulching field maize at different depths temperature, the study of the dynamic changes of soil temperature in different growth...

Effects of Construction Waste Composite Powder Materials on the Strength and Shrinkage Performance of C20 Concrete

Cuizhen Xue, Aiqin Shen, Xueying Zhao, Hui Li, Chenguang Wan
To explore the feasibility of using construction waste composite powder materials in the small concrete member, this paper studied the strength and shrinkage performance of C20 concrete under different construction waste composite powder materials dosages. The results show: C20 concrete had the highest...

Effects of Different Densities on Cadmium Accumulation of Cerastium glomeratum

Lijin Lin, Chunyang Liu, Jun Shi, Mingan Liao
The effects of different densities on cadmium (Cd) accumulation of Cerastium glomeratum were investigated through a pot experiment. The results showed that the root, stem, leaf and shoot biomass of single C. glomeratum decreased with the increase of densities of C. glomeratum seedlings (1, 2, 3, 4 and...

Nitrate Control Technical Progress in Water Treatment

Lei Fang, Qi Zhu
Leaching of nitrate compound ground runoff loss and nitrogen element resulting in the pollution of groundwater. Most areas in China with the groundwater as drinking water consume excessive amounts of nitrate the damage to the human body is various therefore removal of nitrate in water is urgent. At present...

Discussion and Analysis on Measurement Methods for Mould Friction during High Efficiency Continuous Casting

Yong Ma, Fangyin Wang, Bohan Fang, Wei Gui
The friction between the mould and slab has important influences on the process of continuous casting and the slab quality. In this paper, based on the continuous slab caster under hydraulic oscillation, the measurement methods of mould friction are studied. The extraction and realization of friction...

Phase Separation and Electrical Resistivity of Liquid Cu-Co Alloys

Fengxiang Guo, Wei Wang, Qiwei Wang, Jian Yuan, Lei Li, Huilue Jiang, Zhonghai Zhou, Xuelei Tian
Undercooling of Cu-Co alloys is achieved with the help of glass flux technology. Electrical resistivity of Cu20Co80 and Cu60Co40 has been detected during the cooling process. In undercooled liquid, an inflection in resistivity is well accompanied by a turning point in temperature-time curve, which is...

Influence of Super Absorbent Polymer on the Mechanical Property of High Performance Concrete

Junhong Shan, Shaowu Guo
The mechanical property of concrete will be effected when the SAP added in concrete. This paper study on the law of SAP content and amount of additional water which influence mechanical property of concrete. The results show that the effect of SAP on the early compressive strength of concrete is greater...

Combinatorial Processing Study for 0.7(Bi0.95La0.05)FeO3-0.3BaTiO3 Ceramics Produced by an Aqueous Tape Casting Method

He Zhu, Guoxi Jin
0.7(Bi0.95La0.05)FeO3-0.3BaTiO3 (0.7BLF-0.3BT) ceramics with pure perovskite structure were produced and packed from an aqueous tape casting method. The effects of pressure and temperature, during the tapes lamination process, on the bulk density and dielectric were systematically investigated to obtain...

Hydrothermal Aging Life Model of Composite Solid Propellant Based on Modified Arrhenius Method

Yongqiang Du, Jian Zheng, Wei Peng, Xiao Zhang
By combining with the quantum mechanics theory on the relationship between the electronic equipment aging reaction rate and temperature-humidity, a hydrothermal aging life model based on modified Arrhenius method is established with the propellant mechanical properties as the research object. According...

Study on the Textured CaBi4Ti4O15 Ceramics with Sc Modification

Mingfengyu Ma, Guoxi Jin, Deqi Zhang, Qianqian Zheng
Sc3+ doped textured lead-free ceramics of CaBi4-xScxTi4O15 (CBScT) were prepared by oriented consolidation of anisometric particle method with tape casting while the plate-like powders were produced by MMS method. The higher dielectric constant and lower dielectric loss were obtained as the x=0.2. The...

Study on Tertiary Infilling Adjustment Optimized Well Spacing at Super High Water Cut Stage

Lin Li
In view of the features of the remaining oil after a period of production since secondary infilling adjustment of water flooding development oil field, that is, low quality, uneven planar distribution and high vertical dispersal, study on tertiary infilling adjustment optimized well spacing has been...

The Numerical Simulation Study of the Impacting Factors of the Produced Gas/Oil Ratio

Zhenhai Jiang
In the conditions of pressure maintenance when balanced injection and production rate, produced gas-oil ratio should remain stationary. Conversely, take Sabei oilfield as an example, along with the development entered high water cut period, the value of its produced gas-oil ratio increased significantly....

Analysis of Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery Damage

Yinquan Hu, Xiaobing Wu, Guorui Hu, Qiheng Fan
Charge-discharge experiments of lithium iron phosphate (LiFePO4) battery packs have been performed on an experimental platform, and electrochemical properties and damage mechanism of LiFePO4 batteries are also analyzed in extreme cases. Our results indicate that over-charge has little impact on utilizable...

Research on Ignition Characteristics and Factors of Biogas Engine

Yanyan Wang, Xingyu Liu, Jianguo Yang, Yitao Shen, Xiangyun Feng
A three-dimensional computational fluid dynamics model coupled with chemical kinetics mechanism was established and validated on an actual biogas fuelled engine. Arc and kernel tracking ignition model and coherent flame combustion model were implemented and applied to capture in-cylinder ignition and...

Study of Rotating Axis Dynamic Characteristics

Ming-Hsiung Ho, Pinning Wang, Jungpeng Yeh, Pinghui Lee, Yanxiang Lai
This study checks and analyses the design of a disk braking caliper bench testing machine, to testify its moving characteristics. The analysed objects include rotating axes and four weighting disks. The first procedure is to use the design software SolidWorks to build axis and weighting disks models....

Optimized analysis of the clean depth waste heat utilization system in coal-fired power plant

Fengping Pan, Jia Luo, Yaqing Zhu, Weijian Huang, Lingling Shi, Kai Su
In recent years, as a consequence of the rapidly increasing energy price and more and more stringent energy-saving and emission reduction policies, many effective measures have been taken by the majority of the coal-fired plants in China, including improving the power plant efficiency, reducing the unit...

Non-invasive Technology Research on Identifying and Locating Short-circuit Fault for Power Supply Network

Xianxu Huo, Yongbiao Yang, Jiancheng Yu, Tianchun Xiang, Jie Song, Jinming Wang
Non-invasive fault monitoring and locating system due to the low installation and maintenance cost and non-invasive the use house has become an important development direction of load short-circuit fault identification and positioning. The paper constructs the overall architecture of non-invasive electricity...