Proceedings of the International Conference "Topical Problems of Philology and Didactics: Interdisciplinary Approach in Humanities and Social Sciences" (TPHD 2018)

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108 articles

Technogenic Impact of Mining Industry on Natural and Social Spheres in Areas of Passage of Economic Corridors “China–Mongolia–Russia”

A.D. Abalakov, N.B. Bazarova
The anthropogenic impact of mining industry on the environment and population is considered. Considerable attention is paid to the environmental safety of human life in terms of the toxicity of mineral raw materials mined in the areas of the “China- Mongolia-Russia” economic corridors. The objects of...

Features of Special Prevention Measures of Extremist Crimes in the Republic of Tajikistan

Nozim Abdullaev, Valijon Abdukhamitov
The paper considers the features of special prevention measures of extremist crimes in the Republic of Tajikistan and presents the analysis of domestic and foreign studies concerning this matter. The problem of extremist criminal law standards is lack of the uniform approach to special prevention measures...

Role of Information and Communication Technologies in Modern Rehabilitation Process of Inclusive Education

Marina A. Akopyan, Sergey V. Kotov, Larisa A. Ogannisyan
The introduction of information and communication technologies is one of the main problems in the organization of school education of students with disabilities. Means of Informatization can play a significant role in creating a barrier-free educational environment. Information computer technologies...

Application of Information Technologies in Process of Social Rehabilitation of Students with Disabilities

Marina A. Akopyan
This article describes the nature and content of information technologies as a means of social support for children with disabilities, identified opportunities and prospects for the use and implementation of information technology in educational activities. The use of adaptive information technologies...

Interdisciplinary Approach to Health Lifestyle Model Development in Students

Sergey Ivanovich Kramskoy, Irina Anatolyevna Amelchenko, Dmitry Evgenievich Egorov
The article deals with the interdisciplinary approach to the development of models of healthy lifestyles. The results of the research on the state of health of students, health care motivations. The issues of active lifestyle to develop the value potential of health culture are analyzed. As a vector...

Rights and Legitimate Interests of a Child Born Using Assisted Reproductive Technologies

Farida Aminova
The paper presents the analysis of such concepts "right" and "legitimate interest" in relation to a child born using assisted reproductive technologies. The term "interests of a child" is quite often used in the family law of the Republic of Tajikistan. Nevertheless, the content of the given category...

Aspects of Social Control in the Field of Culture

Tatiana Andriyanova
The last decades in Russia have been accompanied by a string of reforms of various social institutes aimed at enhancement of their efficiency when transitioning to the postindustrial society. Special attention of the state is paid to the cultural sphere as the most essential societal subsystem. Besides,...

Information Technologies Use in Higher Education Institutions under Digital Economy

M.R Kulova, М.G. Bagieva, M.A. Andieva, А.М. Gagoeva, A.R. Kulov Kulov
The article deals with the issues of information technology support in higher education institutions in the context of the education process, institute management and research activities. The sociological research has been conducted using formalized interviews with teachers and students of Vladikavkaz...

Personality Development by means of Social and Cultural Activities

Gulsina Ya. Grevtseva, Marina B. Balikaeva, Rimma A. Litvak, Anatoliy A. Pavlichenko, Ekaterina V. Krinitsyna
The article reveals the meaning, features of sociocultural technologies in the personality development. It clarifies the basic terms and presents the scientists' researches of the sociocultural technologies. The common features and structure of sociocultural technologies are highlighted. The article...

Realization of Citizens' Constitutional Rights to Freedom of Expression and Artistic Freedom

Elena V. Barasheva, Alexey S. Stepanenko, Elena L. Vlasova, Irina I. Zedgenizova
The fundamental principles of the Russian and international anti-extremism legislation are considered in the article which includes historical aspect. Legal gaps become apparent, and the lines of approach current problem are given. The problems of realization of citizens' constitutional rights to freedom...

Strategies of Translating Chinese Realias Into Russian Language

Olesya Pavlova, Natalia Bogachenko, Ruslan Bazhenov, Valentina Vashkyavichus
The language of the media vividly demonstrates the development of the language system, including the functioning of culture-specific concepts, namely culture-bound words or realias in modern languages. In various works on translation studies, such notions as realias and word-realias are differentiated....

Model Of Analysis Of Restaurant Services’ Regional Market In Context Of Intercultural Communication

Veronika A. Kozlova, Natalia V. Glebova, Natalia A Berezina, Natalia I. Tsareva, Igor A. Nikitin, Alexander A. Budnik
The necessity of assessing the competitiveness of the restaurant services regional market in the context of intercultural interaction is substantiated. It provides a possibility of identifying the market as strategically attractive. The Orel region is chosen as the object of study. The intensity of the...

Retraining of Teachers of Republic of Tatarstan in Late 50s - Early 60's XX century

Olga G. Evgrafova, Albina A. Bilyalova, Nailya H. Sharypova, Farida T. Nezhmetdinova
At the moment, there are significant changes in the state policy in the field of education, which is caused by a change in the orientations of social development and is expressed in outward changes in the priorities of education, the emergence of modern, innovative educational institutions. In the Russian...

Teaching Academic Writing in Foreign Language with Information and Communication Technologies

Albina A. Bilyalova, Aida A. Vasilyeva, Albina I. Islamova, Anifa K. Akhmetshina
The article is devoted to the competence developing of the students' academic writing in a foreign language with ICT (information and communication technologies) at university. The authors analyze the works on the problem of teaching the academic writing in the higher educational institutions; investigate...

Analysis of Value-Semantic Sphere of Students in the Context of Studying Mathematic

Natalia V. Biryukova, Natalia V. Zybina
The aim of the current paper is to provide the reason for the formation and development of personal senses and values which motivate students of non-core areas to study mathematics at university. This process is considered as an essential component in vocational education of future specialists giving...

Complex Information System based on SMART technologies

Irina V. Bogomaz, Viktor S. Budnikov, Elena V. Anastasova, Anna V. Vasilyeva
The structure of the complex information system is revealed, which includes: a component that assists the implementation of logical and meaningful relationships between mathematical, natural science and technological subject areas in the implementation of research and project activities. The concept...

Anthropological Measurement of Modern City Space

Anastasia Babayeva, Olga Kim, Ludmila Guseva, Aleksey Bogomolov, Natalia Shmeleva
The article tackles the problems of transformation of modern city space (based on the data acquired as the result of sociological research of "subjective wellbeing" of residents of the megalopolis, Nizhny Novgorod being taken as an example). The supposition is made that authorities and professional town-planners...

Activities of Professor N.V. Nikolsky, founder of first Chuvash newspaper "Khypar"

Anatoliy P. Danilov, Andrey A. Danilov, Margarita G. Danilova, Mikhail I. Ivanov, Marina Ye. Kroshneva
The article reveals the features of activities of the founder of the first Chuvash newspaper "Khypar" by Professor N.V. Nikolsky who developed historical and ethnographic sciences, folklore, and lexicography in Chuvashia. N.V. Nikolsky contributed to development of Soviet higher secondary schools, professional...

Verbalization of the Macro-concept "Fate" in the Arabian Tales "One Thousand and One Nights"

Manizha Davlatmirova
The article is devoted to the linguocultural and linguocognitive analysis of the macro-concept ??? Fate in the Arabic linguistic world picture. All people have their own spiritual culture, which is reflected in the linguistic world picture; therefore, the fundamental concepts are supposed to reveal first....

International-Legal Aspects of Protection of Human and Civil Socioeconomic Rights

Khizr Davlatov, Nilufar Imomova, Umed Mamadamonov
This paper studies the issues arising due to protection of human rights in a contemporary context. A special focus in put on economic human and civil rights. For a long time, in academia an opinion prevailed that civil and political rights are the core of the human rights system. In this paper, the authors'...

Types of Situations and Their Event Structure

Victoria Dobrova, Polina Labzina, Natalia Ageenko, Svetlana Menshenina
In the paper the concept of "situation" in a linguistic context is discusses, and is defined as a complex of interrelated events occurring in a particular place and time. The difference between situations and events is explained, thus events are considered as part of the situation. The event structure...

Analysis of Features of Adaptive Reactions of Students in Urban Environment

Olga A. Dragich, Klavdia A. Sidorova, Tatyana A. Sidorova, Alla G. Naimushina, Marina A. Zharkova
The aim of the study was to examine the features of adaptive reactions of the female organism under the influence of the urban environment during their study at the University. On the basis of a comprehensive study of psychophysiological indicators of urban and rural girls, for the first time psychofunctional...

Guarantees of the Rights and Freedoms of Man Within the New Constitution of the Republic of Tajikistan

Davlatsho Elnazarov, Jamshed Jamshedov
The paper considers the issues of economic, social, political, cultural and environmental guarantees of the rights and freedoms of man and citizen in the Republic of Tajikistan, their place in the system of constitutional guarantees and the national legal system, as well as in the constitutional right...

Translation as Form of Cross-Cultural Communication

Evgeniia Erenchinova, Natalia Chumanova
The concept of translation has been considered as a social, philosophical and cultural phenomenon in the last few decades. Russian and foreign researchers treat the translation as "crossroads of cultures", sciences and human morality, thus expressing its role in the process of intercultural communication....

Virtualization as Factor of Socialization: Expansion of Mechanisms for Mastering the World

Tatiana Kuzmina, Nelli Galaktionova
The article explores the phenomenon of virtualization as a special form of socialization. The authors believe that virtual communications contribute to the formation of a new social phenomenon - the "intergenerational ring of socialization", a phenomenon that is based on the bi-directional nature of...

Stereotypes in Jokes and Anecdotes: the Search for Ethnic and National Features

Oxana Goncharova, Svetlana Khaleeva
The article deals with linguistic manifestations of national features and ethnic stereotypes in popular Russian jokes and anecdotes. The authors make an attempt to define the specific character of anecdotes as precedent texts and to distinguish national and cultural stereotypes particular for "interethnic"...

Identifying Russian Customary Orthoepic Norms in Process of Students' Enculturation

Liudmila Glebenko, Irina Grebennikova
When considering a person's position in culture and his / her familiarization with cultural values, the process of enculturation is of particular importance. The idea of enculturation as a process of involving the individual in the social sphere of culture is considered in relation to the University...

Realization of Health-Saving Activities of Modern Students

Y.V. Gridnev, E.A. Maklakova, L.G. Gridneva
The article talks about the need for constant maintenance of a healthy lifestyle to maintain strength in healthy patients and recovery. Questions of influence of physical training and sports on a human body are considered. The authors described positive changes in the body when performing motor exercises....

Specifics of Formation of Comfortable Socio-Cultural Environment as Factor in Formation of Well-Being of Modern Students

Nadezhda Gritskikh, Ekaterina Reshetnikova, Valentin Zagorodniy
The article presents the data from studies conducted by employees of the laboratory of psychological, economic and cross-cultural research of the Institute of Social Sciences of Irkutsk State University. The article examines the social well-being of students from two viewpoints: economic and socio-cultural,...

Stimulus Word Friend as a Component of the Associative Field of Tolerance

Zevar Gulova
The paper is devoted to the analysis of the survey of Tajikistan students. The students of Kulob State University (Kulob) and Kurgan-Tyube State University (Kurgan-Tyube), Khujand University named after B. Gafurov (Khujand), University of Central Asia (Khorog) participated in the association experiment....

Contract as a Primary Form of Evidence in Pro-Logical Criminal Proceedings of Tajikistan Primitive Society

Shukhrat Hamroev, Aleksey Parfyonov
The paper considers the influence of pro-logical civil primitive thinking on contracts as a type of primary evidence in pro-logical legal proceedings at investigation of crimes in historical Tajikistan. It also describes the author's position on the use of a contract as an evidence in pro-logical legal...

Theoretical Aspects of Problem of Intertextuality in Modern Literary Studies

Anna A. Ilunina
The articles deals with the theoretical aspects of the problem of intertexuality. The special attention is given to the formation of the term in the works of M.M. Bachtin and J. Kristeva and to its definition in the modern literary studies. Intertextuality is seen as a central feature of postmodern poetics,...

Phraseological Units that Represent Concept of "Oila" in Tajik Language

Diloro Iskandarova, Mahina Imomzoda
The concept of "oila - family" is one of the most communicatively relevant concepts of the Tajik conceptual sphere. The concept of "family" is one of the most communicatively relevant concepts of the Tajik conceptual sphere. The concept of "family" has a broad and diverse cognitive content in the Tajik...

Development of Paid Educational Services in The Republic of Tajikistan: Pros and Cons

Nigora Ismatulloeva
In recent decades the problem of paid educational services in the Republic of Tajikistan has become ever more relevant. The development of paid educational services in Tajikistan has its pros and cons. The country's focus towards commercialization of the educational system also has its advantages and...

Aesthetic and Philosophical Views on the Human in the Ancient Indian Epic and G.N. Aygi's Poems

Galina A. Ermakova, Alena M. Ivanova, Marina E Kroshneva, Marina P. Savirova, Galina N. Semenova
The article discusses typological analogies of the ancient Indian epic and lyrics by G.N. Aygi, a well-known Chuvash poet. The purpose of the study is to discover parallels between his works and the epic of the Ancient East, to reveal consequences of connections, since the genius of one people always...

Information Technologies as Means of Creating Schoolchildren's Value-Based Attitude to Physical Training Classes

Irina G. Kalina
It is impossible to cultivate the need for physical training classes in the children using commands, this is contrary to the child’s natural resistance to enforcement (the child’s motivational sphere results in a defective transformation), and therefore, you should be guided only by their sincere interest...

Structural Components of the Concept Space: Figurative Component, Information Content and Interpretative Field

Nargis Karimova
It is of interest to study one of the important fragments of the naive model of the world - space, to understand its concepts and knowledge recorded in the semantics of spatial words and reflected in the consciousness of native speakers as certain mental structures. The novelty of the study is the identification...

Issue of the Comment to Article 93 of the Administrative Offense Code of the Republic of Tajikistan

Farrukh Khairulloev, Lola Kibizova
Domestic violence is a destructive social phenomenon, which is somewhat observed almost in every fourth family. Women, children, aged parents, disabled relatives most often are the victims of such offences. The paper tries to reveal some problems of the comment to Article 93 of the Administrative Offense...

Politeness in Associative Consciousness of the Tajik Youth: Results of Association Experiment

Husein Khudoyorov
The paper is devoted to identification of specifics of associative centers of the category "politeness", national and cultural specifics through the analysis of verbal communication components and to establishment of the main features of understanding of the analyzed category by representatives of the...

Efficiency Improvement for Public Administration of Education

I.I. Kokhanovskaya, L.B. Abdullina, N.M. Akhmerova, F.M. Suleymanova, A.L. Fatykhova
The modern level of socio-economic development requires improvement of the efficiency of public administration. The well-being of the population depends on the efficiency of public administration. Public administration is an important scientific concept which reveals and explains characteristic features...

Reception of Production Ideas of V. Meyerhold in the Autobiographical Novel "Tyapkatan" by T. Churilin

Olga Kramar
The paper is devoted to a problem of literary reception of production ideas of the outstanding Russian Soviet Director V. Meyerhold. It is part of a research project "Interaction of art codes of different types of art in the autobiographical prose of T.V. Churilin". The novel "Tyapkatan" representing...

Scientific Approaches to Understanding and Essence of the Legal Socialization of Minors

Olga Kravchenko, Zoir Majidzoda, Dilovar Naskov
The institute of socialization is an important form of adaptation to the conditions of life, as adoption of social experience forms individual capabilities of a person. Analysis of works by prominent scholars in various fields of science who turned their attention to studying the issues in personal legal...

Social Well-Being in System of Traditions and Innovations

M.R. Kulova, Z.V. Kanukova, A.N. Gadieva, E.V. Fedosova
Social well-being as a multifactorial phenomenon in the process of social development plays a different role in the systems of traditions and innovations. The purpose of the article is to study characteristics and interrelationship of traditional and innovative values in the context of the Easterlin...

Analysis of the Association Area of "Сабр" (Patience) in Tajik Linguistic Consciousness as Exemplified in Survey Results

Hafiza Kurbonova, Manizha Davlatmirova
This paper is dedicated to analysis of the association area of "Сабр" [Sabr] (patience) in Tajik linguistic consciousness as exemplified in the results of a survey of students. A free association experiment was conducted in the Tajik National University with the aim of identifying the characteristic...

Historical and Cultural Resource Potential as Factor of Development of Tourist Territories (Belgorod Region as an Example)

Elena I Ladik, Margarita V. Perkova
The subject of this work is the historical and cultural resource potential which is considered as a factor of tourism development by the Belgorod region example. An object of a research is a historical framework of the territory. The purpose of a research is an identification of historical and cultural...

Intercultural Dialogue in Postmodern Conditions

Olga Ladygina
The dynamic development of modern society is associated with the intensification of integration processes, which, in turn, actualize the study of problems of intercultural dialogue. The author of the article attempts to analyse the problem of intercultural dialogue in postmodern conditions. The relevance...

Names of Characters Associated with Russian Cultural Identity

O. V. Lekareva, V. V. Zubchenko, G. V. Kholodnyak
Precedent names greatly contribute to the national cultural canon. The names of famous persons, as well as names of animals and ethnonyms are signs which symbolize national cultural values and concepts. Precedent names may be borrowed by other cultures. These processes involve changes in the name’s connotations...

Methods of Identifying Members of Synonymic Row

Juliya A. Litvinova, Elena A. Maklakova
This article is devoted to identifying the criteria of synonymity of lexical items. The existence of different definitions of synonymy, the selection criteria of items in the synonymic row indicate the insufficient study and incoherence of this phenomenon in linguistics. The study of the semantics of...

Meaning of Words: Description for Analytic Comparing

Liudmila A. Litvinova, Elena A. Maklakova
This article deals with theoretical and applied problems of structural semasiology. The problems are being discussed in modern linguistics. The authors note that the results of modern studies in the seme semasiology can help to increase the accuracy and objectivity of fixing the meanings of words and...

Monetization of Information Infrastructure Products in the Conditions of Development of Competition in the Credit and Financial Sector

L.R. Magomayeva
The purpose of the work is to study the main directions of the difference between the new approach in the development of information infrastructure from the traditional approach, as well as the feasibility of creating a single front-end information platform that would combine mobile banking technology,...