Proceedings of the International Conference on Sustainable Environment, Agriculture and Tourism (ICOSEAT 2022)

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132 articles
Proceedings Article

Peer-Review Statements

Arifin Dwi Saputro, Lilik Sutiarso, Rudiati Evi Masithoh, Jik Chang Leong, Katharina Keiblinger, Chaleeda Borompichaichartkul, Omer Said Toker, Rosnah Shamsudin
All of the articles in this proceedings volume have been presented at the ICOSEAT during July 21-23, 2022 in Bangka, Indonesia. These articles have been peer reviewed by the members of the Scientific Committee and approved by the Editor-in-Chief, who affirms that this document is a truthful description...
Proceedings Article

Mathematic Modelling of Bok Choy Plant Canopy Area on Different Artificial Light at Plant Factory

DA Setiawati, L Sutiarso, Ngadisih, Murtiningrum, AP Nugroho, GMD Putra, MSI Chaer
In the plant factory, plants carry out the process of photosynthesis using artificial light sources in the form of growth lights instead of sunlight. Each type of lamp will emit light with a different wavelength, so the effect on the photosynthesis process is also different. This study examines the pattern...
Proceedings Article

Effects of Concentration and Soaking Duration of Shallot Extract on Yield and Growth of Sweet Potato (Ipomoea batatas L.)

Sipa Nurul Laely, Hanny Hidayati Nafi’ah, Siti Syarah Maesyaroh, Jajang Supriatna
Sweet potato is an important agricultural commodity in Indonesia and it is the source of carbohydrates after rice. However, the quality and quantity of sweet potatoes produced decreased and did not fulfill the demand. Provision of growth regulators is one of the efforts to increase the growth of sweet...
Proceedings Article

Plant Growth Prediction Model of Red Chili (Capsicum annuum L.) by Different Manipulation Environment

GMD Putra, L Sutiarso, AP Nugroho, Ngadisih, MSI Chaer
Several factors influence plant growth, including sun intensity, nutrient content, soil moisture, temperature, genes, and hormones. Many studies have been carried out in constructing plant growth models to simulate plant growth in different treatments. This study aims to develop a mathematical model...
Proceedings Article

Study Of Recalcitrant Behaviour OfArthocarpus integer

Esty Puri Utami, Abubakar Ibrahim, Evayusvita Rustam
Arthocarpus integer or cempedak is an indigenous fruit with a distinctive taste and smell. Cutting seeds on water content observations need to be considered because the seeds contain sap that can affect the observation results. A. integer seeds are classified as recalcitrant seeds, so the handlers must...
Proceedings Article

The Effect of Coconut Coir Waste as A Mixture of Planting Media in A Natural Greenhouse

Gagassage N. De Side, Sirajuddin H. Abdullah, Joko Sumarsono, Asih Priyati, Diah A. Setiawati, Reza K. Nurrohman
The nutritional content of cocopeat does not fully meet plant needs, so it needs to be combined with other organic materials such as manure. In addition, the relatively large porosity of cocopeat will affect plant productivity. This study aims to evaluate the nutrient content of cocopeat and the evapotranspiration...
Proceedings Article

Drip irrigation system on Pakcoy (Brassica rapa subsp.) Based on Microcontroller in open land, Bolo District, Bima Regency

Ida Ayu Widhiantari, Joko Sumarsono, M Daniawan
Dry land productivity can be increased by building irrigation networks, one of which is microcontroller-based drip irrigation. The purpose of this study was to determine the performance of the drip irrigation system on mustard pakcoy (Brassica rapa Subsp. chinensis) automatically using the Arduino uno...
Proceedings Article

Analysis of land suitability of leading commodities tomato and chili in the sub-district of Moyo Hilir, Sumbawa Regency, West Nusa Tenggara

Joko Sumarsono, Ida Ayu Widhiantari, Sandy Eka Saputra
Land evaluation is assessing land resources for a specific purpose using a tested approach. Tomato and Chili plants can be planted in rice fields or dry fields, lowlands and highlands, and during the dry and rainy season. This study aimed to determine the land suitability of the superior vegetable commodities...
Proceedings Article

Advanced Results Test of Upland Rice Lines 7th Generation (F7) from Local Rice X Superior Varieties with Lodging Resistance in East Belitung Regency

Eries Dyah Mustikarini, Gigih Ibnu Prayoga, Ratna Santi, Herry Marta Saputra, Handika Pratama
Plant breeding activities are one of the efforts that can be done to get rice with a high yield. Advanced yield test is one of the yield test stages to identify genotypes of upland rice that has the potential as a new superior variety with high yielding and lodging resistance. This study aims to obtain...
Proceedings Article

Local Wisdom of Horticultural Farmers in Adapting and Facing the Obstacles in Climate Change

Yuli Hariyati, Susan Barbara Patricia SM, Ayu Puspita Arum, Bakhroini Habriantono, Sukron Romadhona
The effect of climate change on the productivity of horticultural commodities is very large. So that the formulation of the problem taken in this study is: What are the known and experienced climate change phenomena and the obstacles faced by farmers in the horticulture subsector in Probolinggo. What...
Proceedings Article

Yield Results Evaluation of Local Coffee Clones Tanggamus – Lampung

Rr. Ernawati, Nila Wardani, Agung Lasmono, Meidaliyantisyah, Dian Meithasari
Superior varieties are one of the components that play an important role in increasing agricultural products. One of the efforts to increase the production of coffee plants, among others, is introducing several local coffee clones that can be used as options in the development of coffee cultivation....
Proceedings Article

Water Balance Evaluation towards Cropping Index Enhancement in Belanti II Swamp Irrigation Area, Central Kalimantan

Romorajausia, Joko Sujono, Taryono
Cropping season pattern which has been implemented in Belanti II Swamp Irrigation Area is two cropping seasons (IP2), however there are no water management analysis yet in terms of water availability and needs to apply three cropping seasons (IP3). Through this study, water availability and needs which...
Proceedings Article

Azospirillum Bacteria and Cultivation of Food Crops

Dewi Rumbaina Mustikawati
Azospirillum is one of the bacteria that can be used as biological fertilizer because the bacteria is known as a producer of PGPR (Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria) which can increase crop production in a sustainable manner. Another potential possessed by Azospirillum is as a biocontrol agent for...
Proceedings Article

Utilization of Chicken Manure and Indigenous Microbes for Enhancing Growth and Yield of Paddy in Rainfed Rice Field

Jumar, Riza Adrianoor Saputra, Muhammad Imam Nugraha, Ahmad Maulidin
Rice production in South Kalimantan experienced diminishment in recent years. One of the problems that created this issue was the decline of soil fertility. Application of synthetic fertilizers in a long term would decline the soil fertility and subsequently diminished the productivity of rice field....
Proceedings Article

Effect of Nitrogen Deficiency and UV Light on Dunaliella salina β-carotene Production

Kevin, Arief Widjaja
Green alga (Dunaliella salina) could produce high amount of β-carotene under extreme environmental conditions in order to defend its cells from extreme environmental stresses. β-carotene is widely used in various industries as antioxidant, provitamin A, food coloring, etc. In the present study, nitrogen...
Proceedings Article

Current Condition in Lowland Irrigation Area Tahai: Challenges and Solutions

Zachlul Zelvi, Istiarto, Lestari Rahayu Waluyati
The Tahai lowland irrigation area is one of the on-going lowland development national projects. This channel network consists of the primary channel and a number of secondary channels on its left and right banks at regular distances. This is known as comb (sisir) system. The primary channel starts at...
Proceedings Article

Characteristics of Brown Rice (Oryza nivara) Stored Using Various Packaging with The Addition of Pandanus Powder (Pandanus amaryllifolius Roxb.)

Arif Hadis Samudra, Rera Aga Salihat, IKetut Budaraga
Brown rice (Oryza nivara) is known to have a relatively low shelf life when compared to other types of rice. This study aims to determine the physico-chemical characteristics and to determine the best type of packaging for brown rice during storage with the addition of pandan leaf powder. The research...
Proceedings Article

Study of Tidal and Water Quality in Acid Sulphate Soil of Unit Tamban Lowland Irrigation Area Central Kalimantan

D M Sari, Karlina, R Jayadi
Unit Tamban is one of the reclaimed lowlands in the tidal irrigation area, which is included in the food estate program located in Block D, Central Kalimantan. The water system used in the area is a fork-type with a settling pond at the end of each primary canal. Most of the soils are acid sulfate type...
Proceedings Article

Characterization of Irradiation Chitosan Coated on NPK as A Corn Growth Stimulant

Gatot T Rekso
Due to the long molecular chain and high molecularweight of chitosan, the application is very limited. The radiation process can reduce molecular weight and shorten the molecular chain. This study aims to determine the characterization of irradiated chitosan coated on NPK as a growth stimulant for maize...
Proceedings Article

Substantial Changes in Physical and Chemical Properties of Spodosols Soil by Hardpan Breaking and Mounding in Oil Palm Plantation

Suwardi, Lilik Sutiarso, Herry Wirianata, Andri Prima Nugroho, Sukarman, Septa Primananda
Spodosols soil are categorized as a marginal or sub-optimum soil which has several limiting factors and potential for oil palm plantations. The main limiting factors for spodosols are the presence of a spodic layer, poor nutrients, acidic pH, low water retention capacity, and low cation exchange capacity...
Proceedings Article

Application of Oil Palm Dissection Method to Predict Bunch Production in Commercial-Scale Oil Palm Plantation

Sukarman, Akhmad Rizalli Saidy, Gusti Rusmayadi, Dewi Erika Adriani, Septa Primananda, Suwardi, Herry Wirianata, Andri Prima Nugroho, Lilik Sutiarso
Prediction of the annual oil palm yield is an important decision-making tool in harvesting operational management, management of Palm Oil Mill (POM), trading of Crude Palm Oil (CPO) and its derivative products along with management of POM waste. The palm census method has a better accuracy rate than...
Proceedings Article

Hydraulic Study on The Use of Gates to Improve Drainage Performance of Dadahup Lowland Irrigation Area

Habib Ansari, Istiarto, Budi Santoso Wignyosukarto
Dadahup lowland irrigation area, known in Bahasa as Daerah Irigasi Rawa (DIR) Dadahup, is one of the Ex-PLG areas that has been now included in the food estate program. It has been experiencing low productivity, producing only 1.7 - 2.9 ton/ha/year of paddy. Farming on lowland areas is often hindered...
Proceedings Article

Study of Total Suspended Solids (TSS) Distribution and Salinity of Coastal Area Using Satellite Imagery for Pond Development in Pond Irrigation Areas (DIT) Sei Teras

Ahmad Riadi, Radianta Triatmadja, Nur Yuwono
The Sei Teras Pond Irrigation Area (DIT) is an aquaculture zone on the coast of Central Kalimantan Province. TSS and salinity are water parameters that affect the development of aquaculture. Water quality studies and their distribution are needed to support aquaculture enhancement. This study aims to...
Proceedings Article

The Effect of Tides on Water Salinity and Acidity in the Main Channel of Anjir Serapat Lowland Irrigation Area, Central Kalimantan

S Revina, Istiarto, EPA Pratiwi
Water salinity and acidity are two water quality parameters that are important for the success of crop cultivation in the Anjir Serapat Lowland Irrigation Area, Central Kalimantan. The interrupted tidal flow between Kapuas Murung River and the irrigation drainage system prevents fresh-saline water exchange....
Proceedings Article

Growth Responses of Watermelon (Citrullus Vulgaris L.) to Vesicular Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Application and Pruning Variation on Peat Soil Growing Media

Riskia Trizayuni, W. Warnita, A. Ardi
Watermelon is a horticultural plant liked by many people. Limited land and the conversion of optimal land use make the cultivation activities expand to marginal land. It will undoubtedly affect the quality of the watermelon produced. Mycorrhizal application in sub-optimum land is one way to improve soil...
Proceedings Article

Formulation and Characteristics of Dried Herbs for Herbal Tea Drink

Raden Cecep Erwan Andriansyah, Wawan Agustina, Devry Pramesti Putri, Riyanti Ekafitri, Rima Kumalasari
Spice plants are commonly used as dried herbs and served as liquid, steeped/powdered, boiled/chopped, and in the form of capsules/pills/tablets singly or in a mixture. Ginger, cinnamon, lemongrass, cloves, and rosella were formulated as dried powder for herbal tea drinks. This study aimed to determine...
Proceedings Article

Study of Reservoir Effect on Water Dynamics in the Main Channel of Belanti I Lowland Irrigation Area

Irfan Setiawan Zay, Bambang Triatmodjo, Azwar Maas
The Belanti I lowland irrigation area is a lowland development area built in the 1980s through the Tidal Rice Field Development Project (P4S). Currently, the land functioned for agriculture is only 1.211 hectares out of 3.392 hectares. These conditions are caused by unfulfilled water and soil quality...
Proceedings Article

Profile of Soil Properties in Several Land Uses

Nuzul H. Darlan, Iput Pradiko, Muhammad A. Yusuf, Rizki D. P. Pane, Eko N. Ginting
Oil palm is the most efficient vegetable oil producer whose products can be used in various food, pharmaceutical, oleochemical, and biodiesel industries. Expanding the new planting area, starting from land clearing, and planting oil palm, to young and mature oil palm plants, will affect the abiotic environment...
Proceedings Article

Fertilizer placement in circle weeding vs. in interrow: which one is better for oil palm?

Iput Pradiko, Eko N. Ginting, Sumaryanto, Arsyad D. Koedadiri, Nuzul H. Darlan, Rizki D. P. Pane, Fadilla Sapalina
Oil palm fertilizers are located in circle weeding because it is usually “cleaner” than interrow. However, many planters assumed that this method is inadequate. This is because the density of feeding roots, which play an essential role in nutrient absorption, continues to decrease due to intensive fertilizer...
Proceedings Article

Effect of additional balance of temulawak extract (Curcuma xanthorrhiza Roxb) on organoleptic characteristics and antioxidant content, of clove (Eugenia aromaticum), and Cinnamon (Cinanomum burmanni) extracts as functional drinks

Hari Hariadi, Diang Sagita, Asri, Hidayat, Laila Rahmawati, RCecep E A, Saepurahman
Temulawak has tremendous potential for its benefits to be developed, in fact, the temulawak plant has advantages equivalent to Korean ginseng so that many people consider temulawak as "Indonesian ginseng". Besides being used as traditional medicine, ginger can be used as a drink, Health drinks...
Proceedings Article

Consensus as the Local Spatial Strategy: Understanding Stakeholders Dynamics and Pattern of Water Utilization at Kelingi Tugumulyo Irrigation Area

Firma Rizki, Doddy Aditya Iskandar
Common practice of irrigation water in Indonesia often lead to the utilization of different approaches and strategies resulted in the conflicts’ creation and resolution. Our take on irrigation water as common-pool resources brought us to the notion where conflicts could be mediated, and resolution would...
Proceedings Article

Mathematical Model of Vegetative Growth of Porang (Amorphophallus muelleri) with Different Seed Quality

NA Nurrahmah, AM Zahra, Sri Rahayoe, RE Masithoh, Muhammad Pahlawan, Laila Rahmawati
Porang (Amorphophallus muelleri) is a tuber plant used in the industrial production of glucomannan. Porang can be cultivated with bulbil (katak tubers) and spontaneously harvested vegetatively. Under certain harvest and storage conditions, infected bulbils can reduce seed quality, viability, and growth....
Proceedings Article

Predictive Mapping for Soil pH and Phosphate based on Kriging Interpolation

M. Edi Armanto, Elisa Wildayana
Spatial variability can be the main cause of uneven plant growth, but this has not received much attention in the field. Spatial variability in soil chemical properties (soil pH, P) can be calculated using a geostatistics approach. The main objective of this research was to make a predictive mapping...
Proceedings Article

Study to Determine Level of Cadmium in Cacao Plantation Soil and Its Correlation to Soil Properties in Kulon Progo, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Ignatius Jovantheo, Ngadisih, Yudha Dwi Prasetyatama, Katharina Keiblinger
Indonesia is the third largest cacao producer and exporter in the world after Ghana and Ivory Coast. Cadmium (Cd) is one of the metal elements that is often found contained in cacao plants which usually accumulates in cacao bean. Excessive accumulation of Cadmium (Cd) can cause harmful effects on soil,...
Proceedings Article

RUSLE CP Factor Optimization for Soil Erosion Modeling in Tropical Watershed of Indonesia

Dimas Prabowo Harliando, Hania Intan Saputri, Chandra Setyawan, Abdurahman Khidzir, Sahid Susanto, Muhamad Khoiru Zaki
The Revised Universal Soil Loss Equation (RUSLE ) model has been use widely to estimate soil erosion under various environment condition. The model enables a soil erosion mapping in a large scale for conservation planning purpose. Crop (C) and conservation practice (P) factors are important RUSLE parameters...
Proceedings Article

Correlation between soil characteristics and cadmium content in the aboveground of cocoa crops in Sungailiat District of Bangka Island – Indonesia

Raden Ferian L.M., Ngadisih, Murtiningrum, Katharina Keiblinger, Axel Mentler, Rizki Maftukhah, Chandra Setyawan
The cocoa bean production (quality and quantity) influenced by soil and climate characteristics as well as farming management (fertilizer, irrigation, drainage, etc). Soil characteristics such as texture and pH closely related to particles transportation from soil to all part of plants (root, stem, leaf,...
Proceedings Article

Mortality and Attack Intensity of Spodoptera exigua on Shallots with Clove Essential Oil Application

Ziza Adisty, Ahmad Taofik, Ida Yusidah, Efrin Firmansyah
Shallots are a favorite vegetable crop because they are widely used in daily cooking spices. The cultivation of this plant is constrained by the attack of plant pest organisms like Spodoptera exigua. S. exigua causes damage by causing scallions to become hollow and see-through. Alternative control of...
Proceedings Article

Effect of Extract Concentration of Robusta Coffee (Coffea canephora) Husk Extract and Cooking Temperature on Quality Characteristics of Hard Candy

Irmaziza Citraningrum, Anjar Ruspita Sari, Annie Mufyda Rahmatika, Iman Sabarisman, Satria Bhirawa Anoraga
Coffee is a popular commodity in practically every country, and demand is growing. Coffee processing produces more than 50% by-products, the majority of which is coffee husk (48%). It includes phenolic content and caffeine, as well as antioxidants in the range of 60.25%, making it a potential functional...
Proceedings Article

Ready To Eat (RTE) Meatballs with Natural MSG Sources as Delicacy Potency in Indonesia

Dian Nur Amalia, Endy Triyannanto
Indonesia has developed ready to eat (RTE) food in several years along the high activities of the consumers and needs of delicious, fast, and nutritious foods. One of the popular RTE foods in Indonesia is meatball. The common seasoning used in the RTE meatballs is monosodium glutamate (MSG). However,...
Proceedings Article

Survey of Farming System Farmers Perception for Phenacoccus Manihoti in Sukaraja-Bogor District, Indonesia

Nila Wardani, Aunu Rauf, I Wayan Winasa, Sugeng Santoso, Junita Barus
One of the canters for cassava cultivation in Bogor Regency is Sukaraja District. Farmers in this area have been growing cassava several decades ago. This survey aims to determine the characteristics of cassava farmers, cultivation methods, knowledge and attitudes and perceptions of farmers with the...
Proceedings Article

Application of LEISA (Low External Input Sustainable Agriculture) for Vegetable Cultivation in Balunijuk Village

Tri Lestari, Rutfi Puji Astuti
Balunijuk Village is one of the centers of vegetable production on Bangka Island. Almost all of the farmers in Balunijuk Village depend on chemical fertilizers and chemical pesticides which are not environmentally friendly. The implementation of the LEISA (Low External Input Sustainable Agriculture)...
Proceedings Article

Application of Geographic Information Systems for Analysis of Rice Agricultural Land Resources Potential in Paser Regency as a Supporting Area for the Capital City Nusantara

Degita Fahmi Brillyansyah, Sahid Susanto, Lely Fitriana, Muhamad Khoiru Zaki, Chandra Setyawan, Ngadisih Ngadisih
The relocation of the State Capital from DKI Jakarta to the Ibu Kota Nusantara (IKN), East Kalimantan brought new problems, one of them was agricultural problems. The increase in population in IKN also increases the need for food which threatens food security. East Kalimantan region, which is mostly...
Proceedings Article

Physiochemical Characteristic of Fermented Coffee with yeast addition (Hanseniaspora uvarum and Candida parapsilosis)

Siti Mariyam, Rani Juni Widiyastuti, Joko Nugroho Wahyu Karyadi, Hanim Zuhrotul Amanah, Anisa Kistanti
Robusta coffee (Coffea canephora) is one type of coffee that is widely cultivated in Indonesia. Robusta coffee is usually processed using the wet method, which causes the physical and chemical qualities of the coffee beans to change during the process. This research examined the effect of yeast addition...
Proceedings Article

Sustainable Palm Oil Governance

A Case Study Of Sustainable Palm Oil Certification In Indonesia

Shulby Yozar Ariadhy, Darol Arkum
In response to the unsustainable practice of palm oil plantation, several NGOs, palm oil companies and investors established the Roundtable Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO) in 2004. This organization introduced a voluntary Certified Sustainable Palm Oil (CSPO) brand through a series of auditing processes...
Proceedings Article

Effect of Frequency of Leaf Fertilizer Application and use of Shade on Growth of Porang (Amorphophallus oncophyllus Prain.) in Artificial Tin Mining Tailings

I Inonu, D Pratama, D Prayoga
Tailings land has the potential to utilize as agricultural land. Tailings land requires improvements such as proper fertilization and has potential to be planted with cultivated plants, such as porang. Porang have potential to be cultivated, because porang have a high import value. This study aims to...
Proceedings Article

Assessment of the 2015 and 2019 Droughts in the Rice Agriculture Sector in Java

Endita Prima Ari Pratiwi, Candra Kusumasari Wisnu Murti, Elyana Inggrid Widiastuti
Drought is a natural phenomenon that occurs due to low rainfall. Drought has a slow onset character, but its effects are far-reaching. With climate change, drought events are increasing in frequency and intensity. Drought in Indonesia is related to the natural phenomena of El Niño-Southern Oscillation...
Proceedings Article

Groundwater Quantity and Quality of Springs of Karst Region in Pacitan Regency, East Java

Tri Anggraeni, Doni Prakasa Eka Putra, Ahmad Taufiq
The emergence of springs and underground rivers is one of the characteristics of a karst landscape that is formed due to the karstification process in which carbonate rocks are dissolved by water to form cavities or channels. Karst Pacitan is an area located in parts of Donorojo, Punung, and Pringkuku...
Proceedings Article

Growth Response and Yield of Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L.) with NPK Application and Cassava Bark Compost in Ultisol Land

Tri Lestari, Rion Apriyadi, Verawati
Sorghum is a plant that has the potential to be developed on dry land such as ultisols. Provision of organic matter and application of NPK is one of the efforts to optimize plant growth on critical land. Cassava peel block compost and cassava peel compost are organic materials that can be used to increase...
Proceedings Article

Hydrogeochemistry of springwater in Leuwisari subdistrict and surrounding, Tasikmalaya, West Java, Indonesia

Sofia Fadillah, Wawan Budianta, Doni Prakasa Eka Putra, Dwi Agus Kuncoro, Fabian Priandani
The southern foot slope of the Galunggung volcano in Leuwisari subdistrict and surrounding, Tasikmalaya, Indonesia, is abundant in springs. These springs are crucial to the community since they provide water for both domestic and agricultural purposes. However, the hydraulic connection between these...
Proceedings Article

Phenotypic Variability of The S2 Families Derived from Crosses Between Local and Introduced Okra Cultivars

P. K. Dewi Hayati, Rahmi Aprilia Adianto, Sutoyo, Renny Eka Putri
Okra (Abelmoschus esculenthus L.) is a functional food crop consumed when the pod is immature and tender. Crosses the local okra, i.e. green and red okra, with introduced varieties B291 and Ve022 aimed to improve the local cultivar traits. This study aimed to assess the agronomic variability of S2 from...
Proceedings Article

Emulsification of Virgin Coconut Oil (VCO) with Grass Jelly (Cyclea barbata Miers) Using Kappa Carragenan and Konjac into VCO Jelly Product

Azul Jumaza, Dwi Eva Nirmagustina, Ninik Purbosari
VCO is a coconut processed product that can increase the body's immunity against various degenerative diseases. Besides coconut, there is also a food product that is no less important, namely green grass jelly (Cyclea barbata L. Miers) leaf extract. In this study, the process of mixing the two foodstuffs...
Proceedings Article

Non-Destructive Evaluation of Moisture Content in Single Soybean Seed Using Vis-NIR Spectroscopy

Muhammad Fahri Reza Pahlawan, Devi Alicia Surya Saputri, Rudiati Evi Masithoh
In this study, moisture content of soybean was evaluated using visible near infrared (Vis-NIR) spectroscopy. Soybean were dried at 60˚C for up to 10 hours to get moisture variation. A total of 200 soybean were used in this study which made a total of 600 reflectance spectra scanned with Vis-NIR spectrometer...
Proceedings Article

Thigmomorphogenesis of Root-Crop Growth Due to Drip and Mist Irrigation

Murtiningrum Murtiningrum, Wilda Monicha Mukti, Tiana Nur Annisa, Yubelia Agasa, Ngadisih Ngadisih
Thigmomorphogenesis is a plant growth response caused by mechanical stimuli from outside of the plant body. The mechanical stimulations used in this study was irrigation methods, namely drip and mist. The objectives of this study were to determine the morphology of tubers, to compare the growth rates,...
Proceedings Article

Design of a Simple and Low-cost Fluorescence-based Chlorophyll Meter

Aulia Nasution, Detak Y Pratama, Iwan C Setiadi, Mochamad RD Pranata, Sefi N Patrialova, Farisi Fahri
Accurate, non-destructive prediction of chlorophyll content in leaves is crucial to guaranteeing an optimum plant’s growth and productivity. This is due to the fact that chlorophyll is an important photosynthetic pigment for plants, determining photosynthetic capacity and hence plant growth. In this...
Proceedings Article

Melting and Textural Characteristics of Dark Chocolate Formulated with Carrageenan-based Hydrogel Sweetened with Sucrose

Ika Nur Safitri Kusumawardani, Arifin Dwi Saputro, Meutia Cahya Kusuma, Mira Aprilia Nur Fadilah, Arima Diah Setiowati, Sri Rahayoe
Chocolate has some unique characteristics that solid at room temperature, brittle when broken and completely melts at body temperature. In the tropics, a specific approach in formulating chocolate is needed due to its high average temperature. This research aimed to develop formulation of heat-resistant...
Proceedings Article

Different Levels of 1-Methylcylopropene to Keep the Quality of Pineapple

Fitri Lestari, M. Arif Syakban, Sri Rahayoe, Bayu Nugraha
Pineapple is one of Indonesia′s leading tropical fruits distributed in both domestic and international markets. High demand for pineapple leads to the development of pineapple preservation in Indonesia. However, postharvest handling constraints that have not been optimally hampered restrict the development...
Proceedings Article

Heat Transfer Analysis in the Drying Process of Sorghum Rice Instant

Arina Fatharani, Devi Yuni Susanti, Joko Nugroho WK
As a commodity with high adaptability to climate change, sorghum has high potency in food sustainability. Sorghum grain can be diversified to be various kinds of food products including rice sorghum instant. The heat transfer process during the drying of sorghum rice instant is an interesting factor...
Proceedings Article

Coating Performance Based on Palm Oil Derivatives Compared to Plant-Based and OPE-Based on Pineapple Fruit

Muhammad Arif Syakban, Fitri Lestari, Bayu Nugraha, Sri Rahayoe
Indonesia is the fourth largest pineapple producing country in the world. This makes a lot of pineapple exported to foreign countries including Asia, Europe, and America. The length of export shipping causes a decrease in quality which results in poor pineapple conditions in faraway countries. This problem...
Proceedings Article

Simultaneous Heat and Mass Transfer Analysis on the Drying Process of Coconut Palm Sugar Using Air-oven Dryer

Rizayu Wulandari, Sri Rahayoe, Hanim Z. Amanah, Hilda M. S. Dewi
Heat and mass transfer occurred simultaneously during the drying process. Therefore, the drying rate of coconut palm sugar was evaluated by analyzing heat and mass transfer simultaneously using the Runge-Kutta method. In this study, three different temperatures and three various drying loads were carried...
Proceedings Article

Drying Profile of Coarse Coconut Palm Sap Sugar Using Simple Air-Oven Dryer

Erlinda Tiarasari, Rizayu Wulandari, Sri Rahayoe, Hanim Z Amanah
The influence of different drying temperatures and drying loads on the drying characteristics of coarse coconut palm sap sugar were investigated in this study. The granulated coconut palm sap sugars were dried using an air-oven dryer at three temperature variations (60, 70, 80°C) and three different...
Proceedings Article

Comparison of Material Handling and Process Preparation Methods for Cocoa Pod Husk Powder

Satria Bhirawa Anoraga, Cristyn Salle Bayu, Luari Giri Pramelini, Fatma Nurul Hida, Annie Mufyda Rahmatika, Anjar Ruspitasari
Cocoa produces a huge by-product during its processing, such as cocoa pod husk (CPH). It requires a proper material handling method to process cocoa pod husk due to its perishability, so it can be used as a food ingredient. This research purpose is to get the best way to produce high-quality cocoa pod...
Proceedings Article

Correlation between soil characteristics and cadmium content in aboveground of cacao farming in Nglangeran village, Gunung Kidul - Indonesia

Ilham Bintang Pratama, Ngadisih, Chandra Setyawan, Katharina Keiblinger, Rizki Maftukhah, Axel Mentler
Cadmium (Cd) is one of the metal elements that is often found contained in cacao plantation system. The first gate of Cd contamination is soil as medium of plant growth. The soil characteristics such as texture and pH play vital role in chemical and physical reaction in the soil that may increase mobility...
Proceedings Article

Energy Efficiency In Lighting Systems Using Fuzzy Logic Control

Indra Dwisaputra, Shalilla Farrah Sahita, Muhammad Distya Rizky
Energy consumption is increasing in daily life along with the development of human life. The most widely used energy source in everyday life is light. In tropical areas and islands such as Bangka Belitung, the intensity of light changes rapidly. Sunny weather in the morning turns dark in the afternoon....
Proceedings Article

Worker’s location prediction system for providing location-based service inside poultry houses

Young-Woo Choi, Na-Eun Kim, Gun-ho Lee, Jeong-Hoon Song, Seok-Gun Hong, Hyeon-Tae Kim
The objective of this study was to determine the precise location of workers in poultry houses using BLE beacons methods. Data was collected from two poultry houses using smart device systems during the experimental period. A score map was developed using a fingerprint algorithm based on the obtained...
Proceedings Article

Visible-Near Infrared Reflectance Spectroscopy for Rhodamine B Detection in Chili Paste Using Principal Component Analysis

Hannum Cintya Chairuniza, Jumeri, Rudiati Evi Masithoh, Wahyu Supartono, Nafis Khuriyati
A destructive testing for identification the presence of non-food grade Rhodamine B (RhB) dyes in food products requires complex sample preparation and is not environmentally friendly because of chemical using. Even though, this testing for foodstuffs such as chili paste requires more simple, rapid testing...
Proceedings Article

The Utilization of Sentinel-1 Soil Moisture Satellite Imagery for Crop’s Water Requirement Analysis in the Dryland Agriculture

M. Wiji Nur Huda, Hanggar Ganara Mawandha, M. Ramadhan AG, Ngadisih Ngadisih
Soil moisture is an essential factor in supporting the crop’s growth. The total soil moisture affects plant fertility, which impacts its productivity. The information about soil moisture can be used for crop scheduling to optimize the potential of the harvest and reduce crop failure risk. The utilization...
Proceedings Article

Utilization of Big Data in Oil Palm Plantation to Predict Production Using Artificial Neural Network Model

Muhdan Syarovy, Andri Prima Nugroho, Lilik Sutiarso, Suwardi, Mukhes Sri Muna, Ardan Wiratmoko, Sukarman, Septa Primananda
The oil palm plantations in Indonesia are more than 14 million hectares and have been cultivated for more than 100 years in various types of land, climates, and various technical cultural treatments. The cultivation process will produce very large data. However, the utilization of these data has not...
Proceedings Article

Development of Automatic Counting System for Palm Oil Tree Based on Remote Sensing Imagery

Mukhes Sri Muna, Andri Prima Nugroho, Muhdan Syarovy, Ardan Wiratmoko, Suwardi, Lilik Sutiarso
Data on the number of palm oil tree plantations on cultivated land is essential in a company's cultivation activities. Limitations of collecting data number of palm oil trees using the terrestrial method are the effectiveness of times, in terms of costs, and coverage area. Utilization of remote...
Proceedings Article

Development of Cloud-Based Decision Support System for Fertilizer Management - A Case Study in Wilmar Oil Palm Plantation

Ardan Wiratmoko, Andri Prima Nugroho, Mukhes Sri Muna, Muhdan Syarovy, Suwardi, Sukarman, Lilik Sutiarso
Indonesia is one of the largest palm oil-producing countries. The industrial management system in oil palm plantations is essential to realize the company's goals. On the other hand, many oil palm plantations in Indonesia still apply conventional data management. The deficiencies have an impact...
Proceedings Article

MSMEs’ Technology Readiness: Indicator and Index in Adopting Digital Marketing

M. Wahyudin, N. A. Muhammad, W. Supartono, C. C. Chen, K. M. Tsai
The presence of e-commerce accompanied by online shopping trends has excellent potential to move and drive the economy of micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs). Digital marketing utilises electronic media to promote products or services to attract customers' attention and allow customers to...
Proceedings Article

Pigmented Rice Niche Market Expansion: Green Consumer Attitudes and Purchase Intention to be Considered

Dyah Ismoyowati, Shafira Wuryandani, Fadhila Kurnia Wijayanti
The current global trend leads to a healthy lifestyle related to environmentally friendly and green product consumption. Pigmented rice is one of the most popular healthy food choices for consumption by Indonesian consumers. Information regarding green consumer behavior in the pigmented rice market must...
Proceedings Article

Operator Workload Analysis of Corn Seed Planting Equipment in Corn Planting

Ansar, Nazaruddin, Atri Dewi Azis
The use of a push system planting tool to plant corn seeds requires a lot of energy because workers act as controllers, so it often creates a physical and mental workload. Workloads that are too heavy and exceed work capacity can cause fatigue. This fatigue will eventually cause pain. Therefore, the...
Proceedings Article

The Effect of Tannin Sources from Acacia mangium Willd, Swietenia mahagoni, and Artocarpus heterophyllus Leaves in Pellets on In Vitro Nutrient Digestibility

Rofi Prima Maulana, Chusnul Hanim, Muhlisin, Muhsin Anas, Lies Mira Yusiati
The objective of this research was to determine the effect of pellet with a combination leave tannin source from Acacia mangium Willd, Swietenia mahagoni, dan Artocarpus heterophyllus in pellets on in vitro nutrient digestibility. This research used three substrate tratments with different tannin levels...
Proceedings Article

Blue Economy and the Digital Transformation of Micro Small Medium Enterprises

Chrisanty V. Layman, Sabrina O. Sihombing, Liza Handoko
Entrepreneurs engaged in the MSME sector have a strategic role in economic growth in Indonesia. During the Covid-19 pandemic, the blue economy sector including MSMEs engaged in digitalization strategies, given the limited face-to-face interactions. Henceforth a plethora of research on MSME digitalization...
Proceedings Article

Performance Analysis of MOS Sensors on Electronic Nose for Synthetic Flavor Classification

Radi, Barokah, Luthfi Fadillah Zamzami, Andi Setiawan
An electronic nose is a device designed to sense, classify, and recognize a product based on its aroma. The electronic nose is generally designed from four main parts, namely: sample handling and delivery system, detector system, signal conditioning and preprocessing, and pattern recognition software....
Proceedings Article

Response of Semiconductor Sensor in An Electronic Nose with Multi-Sample Delivery System

Radi, Barokah, Luthfi Fadillah Zamzami, Andi Setiawan
An electronic nose is a device designed to sense, classify, and recognize a product based on its aroma. The electronic nose is generally designed from four main parts, namely: sample handling and delivery system, detector system, signal conditioning and preprocessing, and pattern recognition software....
Proceedings Article

Classification of Macronutrient Deficiency in Chili Leaves using Support Vector Machine

Deffa Rahadiyan, Sri Hartati, Wahyono, Andri Prima Nugroho, Lilik Sutiarso
Chili is a horticultural crop that has high economic value in Indonesia. The productivity level of chili in the country is not proportional to the level of consumption, one of the causes is malnutrition. Each plant requires different amounts of macronutrients and micronutrients to support plant growth...
Proceedings Article

Agri-Tech and Agribusiness Integration to Support Agricultural Ecosystem in Indonesia

Bayu Dwi Apri Nugroho
Indonesia’s farmers face many challenges, from low productivity, pest attack, uncertainly commodities price, unscrupulous off-takers to difficulties in getting loans. One of the biggest challenges right now, however, is climate change. Speaking of weather conditions, level of weather predictions covers...
Proceedings Article

A Bibliometric Analysis of Post-Harvest Research and Innovations in Tackling Grain Crisis using VOSviewer

Redika Ardi Kusuma, Jamaludin
Grain security has been a significant concern over the decades since global food consumption is almost entirely grain-based, especially in developing countries. Food security can be achieved if grain security, as a prerequisite, is met. However, grain security for a country is not only a production issue...
Proceedings Article

Small-scale Fisheries Management Strategy on the Eastern Coast of the Bangka Regency, Indonesia

Endang Bidayani, Yeyen Mardyani, Kurniawan, Siti Aisyah, Fahri Setiawan
The spatial allocation arrangement for the utilization of the eastern coastal area of the Bangka Regency, based on the Zoning Plan for Coastal Zone and Small Islands (RZWP3K) is multipurpose and multi-sector. The simultaneous use of marine space creates a trade-off for interested economic actors, which...
Proceedings Article

Groundwater Vulnerability Assessment Using Total Organic Carbon and Heavy Metals in Bantul, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Diyaning Ratri, Doni Prakasa Eka Putra, Wahyu Wilopo
Groundwater vulnerability mapping in the Bantul area, Yogyakarta was carried out to highlight water resources at risk and to identify vulnerable zones that require careful management in the area. In order to meet these objectives, an investigation using statistical approach was suggested to inquire the...
Proceedings Article

Analysis of Liquefaction Potential based on CPT data in the Samas Coastal Area, Bantul Regency, Yogyakarta Special Province, Indonesia

Aditya Ihsan Fauzy, Egy Erzagian, Wahyu Wilopo
Bantul Regency is an area of the Special Region of Yogyakarta Province prone to earthquakes, mainly due to plate tectonic activity. On May 27, 2006, an earthquake of 6.3 Mw hit the Special Region of Yogyakarta and caused considerable damage in Bantul Regency. One of the impacts of the earthquake liquefaction,...
Proceedings Article

Application of AI to Filter Anomalous Data from Sensors in an Online Water Quality Monitoring System

Heru Dwi Wahyono, Satmoko Yudo
The multiprobe sensor technology used in online water quality monitoring systems can produce water quality measurement data from several parameters at once quickly and in large quantities. The accuracy of the data is highly dependent on the quality of the river water being monitored and the performance...
Proceedings Article

Groundwater Vulnerability Assessment Using Simple Vertical Vulnerability Method

In Wonosari, Gunungkidul, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Moch Hasmannoor Rachman, Wahyu Wilopo, Doni Prakasa Eka Putra
Research on groundwater vulnerability using the simple vertical vulnerability (SVV) method in Wonosari district, Gunungkidul, Yogyakarta was conducted to identify groundwater vulnerability zones that require careful management in the research area. It is very important to know the extent of existing...
Proceedings Article

Article Integration of Water and Energy Sustainable Program in Cluster Starch Industry

Ahmad Nahwani, Maulana Arif, Fidrianto, Harry Pujiansyah Bahri
The issue of water supply and sustainable energy is significant in dealing with clean water and energy crises in the long term. In addition, there has been a rise in water and air pollution caused by the community’s activities. Conservation strategies should be implemented to lessen dependence on the...
Proceedings Article

Applicability of ANN and MLR Models in Measuring the Impact of Environmental Parameters on the Body Temperature of Swine

Nibas Chandra Deb, Jayanta Kumar Basak, Na Eun Kim, Bolappa Gamage Kaushalya Madhavi, Hyeon Tae Kim
This study was conducted to identify key parameters such as temperature, humidity, carbon dioxide (CO2), and relative temperature-humidity index (RTHI) that affect the inside and outside environment of the Swine barn. Moreover, the climate of the Swine barn is always related to the Swine’s body temperature...
Proceedings Article

Characteristics and Potential of Confined Aquifers in Genuk and Surrounding Area, Semarang City, Central Java Province

Sokhwatul Aghnia, Heru Hendrayana, Doni Prakasa Eka Putra
The city of Semarang, especially the Genuk area and its surroundings, is currently categorized as a critical zone for groundwater utilization because of the large groundwater abstraction discharge and poor groundwater quality. To fulfill the need for clean water, both for domestic and industrial purposes,...
Proceedings Article

Heavy Metal Pollution in Sediments of Panreng River, Sidenreng Rappang Regency, South Sulawesi Province

Risqa Permatasyara Mu’min, Wawan Budianta, IWayan Warmada
In Indonesia, small-scale rock mining is generally managed by traditional miners. For example, the andesite rock mining in Bulu Alakkuang has been exploited for approximately one hundred years. Mining waste is channeled directly into the Panreng River, located on the north side of the mining area. Rock...
Proceedings Article

Heavy Metal Pollution in River Sediments on Tin Mining Location at Pakil River, Bangka, Indonesia

Wawan Budianta, Risnaliyah Nuriil Tadersi
Tin mining will produce tailings waste which has the potential to be a source of pollution environment, especially in watersheds. This research was conducted in Paya Benua Village, Mendo Barat District, Bangka Regency, Bangka Belitung Islands Province. This study aims to determine the level of spread...
Proceedings Article

Groundwater Recharge Estimation Using Chloride Mass Balance (CMB)

Case Study: an Old Residential Area and a New Residential Area of Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Lalu Aliyya Tirang ga Aji Buana, Doni Prakasa Eka Putra, Esti Handini
Water is an essential natural resource for improving economic activities, especially in urban areas which have domestic and industrial activities. The massive freshwater resource on earth is groundwater. In contrast, the volume of groundwater resources is minimal compared to the whole water volume in...
Proceedings Article

Numerical Analysis of Seepage in the Bener Dam, Purworejo Regency, Central Java

Thuon Ranysakol, Wawan Budianta, I Gde Budi Indrawan
The earth-fill and rock-fill dam are designed to be used for long-term storage, hydropower, flood control structure. The dam is set to design against failure due to various causes that can result in releasing the water catastrophically to the downstream area as a flood hazard. The consequences of the...
Proceedings Article

Converting Ex-Mining Site Into Plantation Land in the Province of the Bangka Belitung Island

Lisa Oktaviani
Mining activities on Bangka Island began in 1711 and in Belitung in 1852. The Regional Environmental Agency of the Bangka Belitung Islands Province in 2014 issued an inventory of environmental damage, a total class of critical land covering an area of 1,675,240.51 ha, with criteria for critical land...
Proceedings Article

The Effect of Ventilation and Cooking Activities during Peak Hours towards Indoor CO and NO2 in Apartments: A Multilevel Approach

Nadinda Aisyah Kamilia, Rana Zenissa, Arie Dipareza Syafei, Joni Hermana
Indoor CO and NO2 pollutants resulting from cooking activities are the cause of sick building syndrome. Several studies had shown that window openings for ventilation can lead indoor air conditions worse due to infiltration. There have not been many studies on this possible condition. Therefore, this...
Proceedings Article

Empirical vs Semi-Analytic Model for Total Suspended Solid Detection

Pingkan Mayestika Afgatiani, Syifa Wismayati Adawiah, Syarif Budhiman
Many parameters are used to determine the quality of waters, one of which is Total Suspended Solids (TSS). In addition to direct data measurement and field sampling, TSS concentrations can also be estimated from satellite data by developing models based on the reflectance of the light received by the...
Proceedings Article

Slope Stability Modeling in Jalur Jalan Lintas Selatan (JJLS) Planjan-Baron Section Using Limit Equilibrium Methods

Ceri Eliesa Suhartini, I Gde Budi Indrawan, Nugroho Imam Setiawan
The construction of Jalur Jalan Lintas Selatan (JJLS) infrastructure is implied to facilitate access and increase the potential for agriculture and tourism in the South Coast Region of Java. Slope stability evaluation should be done in this development infrastructure area to build sustainable and resilient...
Proceedings Article

Tesla's Decisions on Bitcoin and Eco-Friendly Mining Cryptocurrency in Clean Energy Regime

Christella J. Theacornelia, Gabriella D. Priambodo, Andriko Sandria
The trend of cryptocurrency mining was increasing electrical energy consumption in the world which had an impact on the environment. Tesla, a United States automotive company, had policies that affect the dynamics of cryptocurrency exchange rates. This study aims to analyze Tesla's reasons for not...
Proceedings Article

Plant Dispersal at Bangka Post-Tin Mining Revegetated Land Correlated with Soil Chemical Physical Properties and Heavy Metal Distribution

Eka Sari, Andhika Puspito Nugroho, Endah Retnaningrum, Irfan Dwidya Prijambada
Land preparation for post-tin mining revegetation at Bangka Island will affect physical-chemical as well as heavy metals’ properties of the soil, and those properties affect plants distribution on the post-tin mining lands. The purpose of the research is to study the distribution of plants in the post-tin...
Proceedings Article

Soil Erosion Mapping using GIS Based Modeling in Catchment Area of Panglima Besar Soedirman Reservoir, Central Java Province, Indonesia

Dimas Prabowo Harliando, Hania Intan Saputri, Chandra Setyawan, Abdur Rahman Khidzir, Sahid Susanto, Muhamad Khoiru Zaki
The excessive use of land for farming in the catchment area of Panglima Besar (PB) Sudirman reservoir causes serious environmental problems, particularly in the form of soil erosion. A study about soil erosion is required as a basis for conservation planning. This study aims to determine the spatial...
Proceedings Article

Performance Investigation of a Humpback Whale-Inspired Vertical Axis Current Turbine

Rizki Mendung Ariefianto, Rini Nur Hasanah, Wijono, Rizky Ajie Aprilianto
Efficiency and self-starting capability performances are the main problems in vertical axis current turbines (VACT). By purposing improves its performance, VACT has been developed with various models. One development of this model is designing the turbine blade into a bio-inspired shape. The fluke and...
Proceedings Article

Water Quality Study for Supporting an Advanced Aquaculture Technology in Sei Teras Fishpond Irrigation Area, Central Kalimantan

HA Hermawanto, AP Rahardjo, B Kamulyan
This study aims to determine the distribution of water quality in the canal network and Sei Teras fishpond under tidal cycle conditions for aquaculture technology. The previous study focused on the water quality upstream of the canals. The result shows that the degree of acidity (pH) met the criteria...