Advances in Biological Sciences Research

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1513 articles
Proceedings Article

Thermal Processing and Chemical Characteristics of Canned Traditional Foods Based on Beef: Rawon, Kuah gandul and Empal gentong

Annisa Kusumaningrum, Aldicky Faizal Amri, Asep Nurhikmat, Agus Susanto, Siswo Prayogi
The traditional food products were produced by home industries need to be packaged to extend the shelf life and to expand the market during the pandemic. The study aims to provide information about thermal processing, chemical characteristics and metal contamination on canned rawon, kuah gandul and empal...
Proceedings Article

First Report of an Ice Cream Cone Bagworm Manatha Conglacia Haettenschwiler (Lepidoptera: Psychidae) in Oil Palm Plantations of Central Kalimantan, Indonesia

Fitrah Murgianto, Edyson Edyson, Yendra P Setyawan, Lukas M Tamba, Adhy Ardiyanto, Abdurrahman H Siregar
Bagworm is a defoliating insect in oil palm plantations that recently became the main problem since reported can decrease the production significantly. Metisa plana, Mahasena corbetti, Pteroma pendula are types of bagworms can be found in several areas in Indonesia. The objective of this study was to...
Proceedings Article

Recent Progress of the Poultry Genome Research Based on the Experience in CNU, Korea

Prabuddha Manjula, Thisarani Ediriweera, Jun Heon Lee
With the implementation of the restoration program for Korean Native Chicken (KNC), by the Korean government in the 1990s, the research interests on KNC were greatly increased. Accordingly, the Chungnam National University also conducted and continues many researches for the molecular genetics studies...
Proceedings Article

Research on Embedded Electrical Impedance Measurement System

Xiaoyan Chen, Liang Sun, Meng Du
Based on S3C2440 processor and Linux3.6.6 kernel, wedeveloped an embedded impedance measurement system. This embedded system employ AD5933 as the impedance sensor, and data communication between AD5933 and S3C2440 processor is implemented with IIC communication protocol. In addition, the measurement...
Proceedings Article

Basic Research on Real-time Evaluating of Thermal Damage of Tissues by Visible-Near Infrared Spectra

Wei-wei JIA, Li-juan DAI, Xi WANG
The feasibility of evaluation thermal damage in real time by Visible-Near Infrared (V-NIR) spectroscopy is investigated. Thermal damage are produced in fresh porcine livers in vitro by laser (808nm, 5W). The V-NIR spectra (330-1100 nm) at distances of 4, 8 and 12 mm from the center of the damage are...
Proceedings Article

Clinical Practicability of Extending the Length of Gastrointestinal Decompression Cathetering

Lei Sun, Xin-Quan Gu, An-Na Wang, Fan-Ping Meng
Objective: We intended to investigate the appropriate length of the stomach tube in the treatment of gastrointestinal decompression. Material and Methods: The patients in treatment of gastrointestinal decompression cured by our department from January 2013 to May 2015 whom were divided into 2 groups...
Proceedings Article

Expression and Sequence Analysis of HTH in Blackberry (Rubus Spp.)

Xunju Liu, Min Zhou, Yan Wang, Haoru Tang, Qing Chen
To better understand the molecular mechanisms of cuticle wax formation in blackberry, the waxy synthetic related gene HTH was cloned from blackberry. The open reading frame of this gene was 1785 bp, encoding 594 amino acid residues with a molecular weight of 64.6 kD and a theoretical isoelectric point...
Proceedings Article

Effect of Sprouted and Extruded Grain in Composition of Fodder Mixtures on Digestibility of Dairy Cows Diet Nutrients

Nikolai Shvetsov, Vyacheslav Kotarev, Aleksandr Kovrigin, Mariya Shvetsova
The experiment was carried out according to the following scheme. In the first group (control), all wheat, barley and corn grains were fed in flattened form, in the second, third and fourth groups 50% of the wheat, barley and corn grain mass (half the daily supply) was prepared in various ways. In the...
Proceedings Article

A Prebiotic Surface Catalysed Photochemically Activated Synthesis of L-Cysteine

Ethyne forms a weak charge-transfer complex with surface catalysts such as Mg.porphin in which the ethyne group has a net positive charge (0.08), and the conjugated porphin has a negative charge. This neutral complex is polarised and undergoes a nucleophilic addition reaction with ammonia at the carbene...
Proceedings Article

Serum Leptin Levels in Patients with Hepatitis B: A Meta-analysis

Qiong-Yuan Zhang, Xuan Xu, Mei Luo, Jian-Jiang Xue, Ying-Li Li
Background and Aims: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a widespread disease affecting people worldwide. With more and more research on the deepening of the leptin, which suggested a close relationship between serum leptin levels and HBV. In this study, we explored the correlation between serum leptin...
Proceedings Article

Response of Insect Pests to Botanical Insecticide Application on Leaf and Pod Soybean (Glycine max L.) of Organic Farming System

Asmanizar, Syamsafitri, A Arianto
Leaf and pod insect pests are important on soybean (Glycine max L.) in Indonesia, causing loss of seed production. The study was carried out to evaluate the potential of water crude extract mixture of Azadirachta indica seed, Cymbopogon nardus plant and Alpinia galanga rhizome to control leaf and pod...
Proceedings Article

Potential of Andalas (Morus macroura Miq.) Ethanol Extract in Inhibiting the Microbial Growth

Dwi Hilda Putri, Violita, Abdul Hafids, Armita Sofani, Try Susanti
Andalas (Morus macroura Miq.) is a West Sumatra, Indonesia mascot plant. This plant is a Moraceae group, which is widely used traditionally as a medicinal plant. The purpose of this study was to determine the potential of Andalas ethanol extract in inhibiting the growth of pathogen microbes. Ethanol...
Proceedings Article

Policy Analysis and Development Strategy of Cocoa Agribusiness in Lebak District, Banten

Andjar Astuti, Ratna Mega sari
More than 70 percent of cocoa plantation in Banten Province is smallholder farming. Most of them are located in Lebak district. The aims of this study is to analyze and formulate the best development strategy of cocoa agribusiness in Lebak District, Banten Province. Data used is primary and secondary...
Proceedings Article

Green Space Based on Oxygen Needs Post-Disaster in Palu City, Central Sulawesi, Indonesia

Abdul Wahid, Annisa Triutari, Budi Setiawan
The problem of green open space (RTH) in terms of quantity and quality was currently experiencing a significant decline. It impacted the decreasing quality of the living environment of urban residents. It should not have happened because of the existence of Law Number 26 of 2007 concerning Spatial Planning....
Proceedings Article

Effect of the Natural Cat and Dog Liquid Additives on 3% Salt Fed Rats

Elif Rabia Sanli, Musa Yavuz, Zafer Özyıldız, Veli Uygur
Salt poisoning could be important for the pets’ life. High salt and low water consumptions can be effective in the formation of salt poisoning. Low levels of salt poisoning increase blood pressure which reduces the quality of life. Plant-origin cat and dog liquid additives are previously used and improve...
Proceedings Article

Response of Insects to the Light and Coloured Sticky Traps

A. Kardinan, P. Maris
Research regarding response of insects to the light and coloured sticky traps have been done in fruit and red chili garden in Sumedang and Lembang area. The coloured sticky traps consisted of transparent, grey, brown, black, red, yellow, green, blue, and white were placed at fruit and red chili garden,...
Proceedings Article

Analysis of Farming Business Density, Area Density, and Economic Density of Beef Cattle to Supports Human Welfare in the Fulfillment of Animal Protein in 4.0 Industrial Revolution Era in Gorontalo District

Andi Yulyani Fadwiwati, Surya
This study aims to analyze farming business density, area density and economic density of beef cattle to support human welfare in the fulfillment of animal protein in 4.0 industrial revolution era in Gorontalo District. This research uses a literature study and survey methods. The data obtained were...
Proceedings Article

The Role of Synbiotic in Cobb-strain Broiler Performance Challenged with Campylobacter jejuni as a Substitute for Antibiotic Growth Promotor (AGP)

A E T H Wahyuni, T E M Nahak, M C C Malelak, V C Prakasita, S L Adrenalin
One of the feed additives that have long been used is Antibiotic Growth Promoter (AGP). But nowadays, the use of AGP as a growth promoter has been banned because it has negative impacts such as antimicrobial resistance. Campylobacter jejuni is a pathogenic bacterium that often infects birds, especially...
Proceedings Article

Livestock Integrated Farming in Rural Area of Pakistan

Muhammad Riaz
Agriculture in Pakistan has been realized as indispensable for food security, employment, and poverty alleviation at the rural level. About 70% of the population here in Pakistan depends upon agriculture for their livelihoods. Plants contribute 84% calories and 66% protein consumption of total human...
Proceedings Article

Tomato Leaf Curl New Delhi Virus Associated with Yellow Mosaic Disease of Cucumber (Cucumis sativus) in Bengkulu, Indonesia

Mimi Sutrawati, Sipriyadi Sipriyadi, Yuni Kristina Serlyani Sihotang, Cindy Margareth Hutasoit, Parwito Parwito, Ewa Aulia
Cucumber mosaic virus, Papaya ringspot virus, Squash mosaic virus, Cucurbit aphid-borne yellows virus, Cucurbit aphid-borne yellows virus Tobacco mosaic virus, Tomato yellow leaf curl New Delhi virus and Zucchini yellow mosaic virus were among the viruses that infected cucumbers in Java, according to...
Proceedings Article

Egg Production Characteristic and the Study of Follicle-stimulating Hormone Receptor Gene on Various of Sentul Chicken

Ismoyowati Ismoyowati, DM Saleh, I Suswoyo
The study was conducted to compare differences in the characteristics of egg production and quality, as well as the identification of FSHR gene polymorphisms in various sentul chickens. The research was conducted by experimental methods using a completely randomized design. The research material used...
Proceedings Article

Effectiveness of Dolomite on Growth and Yield of Maize (Zea mays l.) in Dry Land

Amik Krismawati, Evy Latifah, Sugiono
The study had been conducted in dry land a site in East Java was in Kediri District during the rainy season I, 2018 –2019. The research was designed in RBD, 4 replicates, and 6 treatments, namely: A = without fertilizer, B = 300 Urea ha-1 + 400 kg NPK Phonska ha-1 (Recommended Rates of Inorganic Fertilizers...
Proceedings Article

Location Quotient Analysis of the Agricultural Sector in Yogyakarta, Indonesia

A M Sausan, A Cahyani, F N Ashidieq, M A Risqa, M S A Bahri, R Wahyudi, V R Gitanto, R F Putri
Agricultural sector economic resources analysis is conducted to take into account the influence of the agricultural sector on the life of residents in D.I Yogyakarta Province. This analysis is conducted based on the data of calculation results using location quotient (LQ), a method to calculate the relative...
Proceedings Article

Antibiotics and ELISA as a Hyphenated Technique for Screening High Production Cell Lines from Transfected HEK293 Cells for the Production of Recombinant Follicle Stimulating Hormone

Jian-wen HU, Meng-meng LIU, Ji-zhong HAN, Bin ZENG
Recombinant follicle stimulating hormone(rFSH), which play an important role in assisted reproductive technologies. However, the availability of a suitable system for the screening high production cell lines from transfected mammal cells for the production of rFSH is limited. The purpose of this study...
Proceedings Article

Quantitative Structure-Toxicity Relationship for Predicting Acute Toxicity of Phenols

Zhi-Xiang Zhou, Meng-Nan Qin, Yang-Hua Liu, Xiao-Long Zhang, Han-Dong Li
Phenols represent one of the most important classes of environmental chemicals. Most of them may cause serious public health and environmental problems. The present work is to develop an effective QSTR model for acute toxicity, a toxicological endpoint of Phenols. We calculated various descriptors and...
Proceedings Article

Questions of Authentication and Standardization of White Varieties of Ceylon Tea Imported to Russia

Alexandr Simakov, Elena Artemova, Inna Simakova, Natalia Durnova, Elena Didusenko, Nina Myachikova
The article raises questions concerning the reasons for the falsification of white tea varieties in Russia, the possibility of determining its authenticity by instrumental and sensory methods. The technological process and parameters of brewing leaves of white tea varieties, for example, silver tea,...
Proceedings Article

Effect of Planting Media and Different Concentration of Wheat Grass Juice (Triticum aestivum L.) on Anemic Male Mice (Mus musculus L.) Leukocytes

Elsa Yuniarti, Afifatul Achyar, Syovia Amimi
Iron deficiency can cause anemia. Changes in iron status in anemia can affect the immune system, making infection easy. When the number of infections increases, efforts made to overcome anemia are one of them by consuming wheat grass containing iron. This study was an experiment with factorial complete...
Proceedings Article

Antibacterial Effectiveness of Purple Yam (Dioscorea alata L) Sap Extract in Inhibiting the Growth of Staphylococcus aureus & Escherichia coli

A Nurfitriani, M Mahendradatta, A Laga, Zainal
Purple yam sap extracts have secondary metabolite components which can be utilized as an antibacterial property. Secondary metabolite compounds found from the result of the preliminary study include saponins, tannins, flavonoids, phenols, alkaloids, and triterpenoids. The aim of this study was to analyze...
Proceedings Article

The Application of a New Drying Method on the Quality of Voucher Specimen

Mohd Amril Ramzi Bin Mohd Rahimi, Furzani Pa’ee
Drying the specimens is one of the crucial steps in plant preservation and the process of making Herbarium voucher specimens. This research was conducted to investigate the effect of the drying method on specimens in the laboratory using the standard method (oven) and drying in the field using a novel...
Proceedings Article

Diagnosing Small Cell Carcinoma of the Bladder

Hongyan Li, Hai Li, Yuanyuan Xing
Small cell carcinoma of the urethra (SCCB) is a rare yet highly aggressive malignancy. The pathogenesis of SCCB is poorly understood due to few large-scale cohort studies. Currently, SCCB is diagnosed primarily by morphological assessment. However, immunohistochemical staining can also play an important...
Proceedings Article

The Role and Mechanism of Exercise for Prevention of Myocardial Fibrosis in Diabetes

Qi-e Zhu
Aims. TGF-β1 plays a role in promoting the transformation of myocardial fibrosis. Smad4 has important functions in maintaining tissue stability and inhibiting cardiac hypertrophy. In this study, we investigated the effect of exercise on TGF-β1/Smad4 and myocardial fibrosis in diabetes. Methods. Male...
Proceedings Article

A Novel Biphasic Scaffold with Gradient Pore Structures for Osteochondral Tissue Engineering

Duo PAN, Ruixue YIN, Hongbo ZHANG, Shengbing YANG, Wenjun ZHANG
This study was aimed at using biomimetic strategies to construct a biphasic scaffold. Biphasic scaffolds were constructed using the 3-dimentional printing technology with two phases: the bony phase and the chondral phase. The bony phase was using the composition of poly (lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA)...
Proceedings Article

Host Plants and Pictorial Key of Aphids (Hemiptera: Aphididae) on Food Crops in Bogor and Cianjur Districts, West Java Province

Purnama Hidayat, Siti Fathur Rahmah, Yani Maharani
A few numbers of commonly found aphid species on food crops such as Aphis gossypii and Myzus persicae are well studied, but little is known for other species. This study aimed to determine the species, host plants, and colony characteristics of aphids associated with food crops in Bogor and Cianjur districts....
Proceedings Article

Proximate Analysis of Some Local Food in Baduy Ethnic

FitriaRiany Eris, Aris Munandar, AM Kartina, Dian Anggraeni, Meutia, Taufik Hidayat, Dodi Hermawan
Baduy tribe is a tribe spreaded around Banten Province. The most dominant ethnics group has its own various food diversityin producing and creating food security in each small town. This study aims to determine the proximate analysis of Baduy local food. There are various kinds of local food processed...
Proceedings Article

The Performance of Water Mobilization and Transpiration in Oil Palm

Choirul Muslim, Rochmah Supriati, Riska Ruswita, Zulbachrum Chaniago, Supanjani, Abimanyu Dipo Nusantara
This study was being elucidated in order to understand the performance of water mobilization and transpiration in oil palm tree at the age of 2, 4, and 22 years old respectively. To gain that, we attempt to collect the data in regard with the large of total leaf surface (meter square), description on...
Proceedings Article

Design and Implementation of Water Quality Monitoring System (Temperature, pH, TDS) in Aquaculture Using IoT at Low Cost

Novita Dwi Susanti, Diang Sagita, Ignatius Fajar Apriyanto, Cahya Edi Wahyu Anggara, Doddy Andy Darmajana, Ari Rahayuningtyas
This research aims to design and implement a water quality monitoring system in aquaculture that will be implemented in SME. Subang is a city which has a lot of potential fish farming in ponds, one of them is Rojo Koyo SMEs. The farmer has a problem, especially in the rainy season, mortality of fish...
Proceedings Article

Sustainable Aquafeed: Alternative Ingredients Produced Locally as Nutrient Complementary in Minimizing the Use of Fishmeal

Noor Khalidah Abdul Hamid
Exploring cost-effective animal-derived protein alternatives is very important to support the growing human population with food resources globally. Aquaculture has significant contribution to this sector by providing fish and fishery products. This article provides short review on aquafeed, one of important...
Proceedings Article

Impact of Methyl Salicylate Lures on the Mint Aphid, Eucarazzia elegans (Hemiptera: Aphididae) Density and Natural Enemy Abundances in Common Sage Fields

A. Zarkani, F. Turanli
Methyl Salicylate (MeSA) could be naturally produced by plants as an herbivore-induced plant volatile (HIPV) for attracting natural enemies as well as inhibiting herbivore populations. This study evaluated the attractiveness of synthetic MeSA lures to the natural enemies and its impact on Eucarazzia...
Proceedings Article

Evaluation of Antibacterial Activity and Physico-Chemical Profiles of Eucalyptus pellita Essential Oil from East Kalimantan

Agmi Bagus Kartiko, Agmi Sinta Putri, Enih Rosamah, Harlinda Kuspradini
Eucalyptus is one of the plants used in the pulp and paper industry, and their leaves are known as forest harvesting waste that potential to produce essential oils. This research aimed to examine the physicochemical profiles of Eucalyptus pellita leaf essential oils grown in East Kalimantan and their...
Proceedings Article

Assessing Geographical Characteristic of Agricultural Land Conversion: A Spatial Analytical Approach

Bowo Susilo
Agricultural land conversion is a global and inevitable phenomenon. On the other hand, agricultural land is a fundamental asset and resource for those who depend on the agricultural sector for their livelihood. Preservation of agricultural land or controlling agricultural land conversion is a must. Therefore,...
Proceedings Article

The Shift of Livestock Industry and Its Impact on People’s Social-economic Status

James Hellyward, Fuad Madarisa
A literature review has been conducted to describe the anticipated effects of social-economic status transformation among farmers due to livestock biotechnology and industry shifting. In particular, it focused more on Indonesia, where lay the Indo-pacific region as a biogeographic area connecting tropical...
Proceedings Article

Research on Morphology of Human Red Blood Cells (RBCs) in Different Gravity Fields

Lin Li, Shuang-Yin Gao
By testing fresh human red blood cells (RBCs), the morphology of human RBCs in different gravity fields was observed by SK2109P microscope. And the death rate of RBCs in different gravity fields were counted Results show that: RBCs can endure a certain gravity field. RBCs barely died under gravity fields...
Proceedings Article

Analysis of Animal Model of Acute Pharyngitis Based on Clinical Characteristics of TCM and Western Medicine

Bing-Jie Chang, Ming Bai, Ming-San Miao
Objective: To analyze the animal models and applications of acute pharyngitis based on the clinical diagnosis and treatment of Chinese and western medicine. Method: Through consulting the literature of acute pharyngitis in recent years, the characteristics of acute pharyngitis, modern application and...
Proceedings Article

Histological Analysis of Gills and Liver of Tambra Fish (Tor tambra) From Batang Gadis River in Mandailing Natal North Sumatera

Yusni Atifah, Ramadhan Sumarmin, Laila Tussifah
Tor tambra is one of the 10 species of fish that found in Batang Gadis River. This fish species has abundance and also the highest dominance at four observation stations in Sungai Batang Gadis. The purpose of this study was to look at the histology of gill organs and liver of Tor tambra in the Batang...
Proceedings Article

Biplot and Correlation Analysis of 189 Superior F2 Genotypes Chili-Unpad in Indonesia

Ratna Fitry, N Rostini, Hersanti, Anas
This study aimed to examine genotype variations based on biplot analysis and correlation among the superior characters F2 genotype of Chili Unpad in Sumedang. The genetic material evaluated in this study was 187 F2 genotypes of Chili Unpad which were the result of crossing of local genotypes from crosses...
Proceedings Article

Radiofrequency Signal in the Radiofrequency Ablation System

Ruirui Wang, Qun Nan, Zhen Tian, Xiaohui Nie, Tong Dong
. Radiofrequency ablation technique is one of the tumor hyperthermia methods and has been widely used in clinical treatment because of its small traumatic, better curative effect and others advantages. Recently, the common automatic control of radiofrequency ablation system is temperature control model...
Proceedings Article

Extracellular Expression and Catalytic Bioactivity of Optimized Human Aromatase (CYP19) in Pichia Pastoris

Yan-ying HU, Yong-hui ZHONG, Jing ZHEN, Hui-tu ZHANG, Shi-ru JIA, Fu-ping LU, Yu-jie DAI, Xiu-li ZHANG
The fragment encoding aromatase (CYP19) with 45 N-terminal amino acids cut-off was cloned into pPIC9K vector and transformed to the yeast Pichia pastoris. The multi-copy recombinant strain was selected for the production of recombinant aromatase. The catalytic bioactivity of secreted enzyme was further...
Proceedings Article

The study of the antibacterial and antimycotic activity of nanostructures based on antibiotics, plant extracts and salts metals

Alexandr Sirotin, Alexandr Krolevets, Violetta Klyueva, Nikita Lyakhovchenko, Vladislav Senchenkov
The antibacterial activity of nanostructures based on antibiotics, plant extracts and metal salts against Escherichia.coli, Staphylococcus sp. and Aspergillus niger was shown. A statistically significant increase in the inhibition effect of ceftriaxone in the poludan was shown by 33,3%, copper sulfate...
Proceedings Article

Effects of Light Quality on The Quality Formation of Tomato Fruits

Baoxing XIE, Shiwei SONG, Houcheng LIU, Guangwen SUN, Riyuan CHEN
The effects of light quality on the quality formation of tomato (cv. MicroTom) fruits were studied in controlled-environment house. There were 4 LEDs treatments: the ratio of red (660nm): blue (460nm) was 1:1 (1R1B), 2:1 (2R1B), 4:1 (4R1B) and 8:1 (1R1B), the Photosynthetic Photon Flux Density (PPFD)...
Proceedings Article

Evaluation of the Situation of the People Received Service from Equine Facilities Before and During the Covid-19 Pandemic

Ayşe Kocabıyık, Fatih Şahiner, Demet Gökdere, Elif Rabia Şanlı, Musa Yavuz
The covid-19 pandemic influences human social life and their relation to animals. The equine sector is affected by covid-19 pandemic. The aim of this study was to evaluate the general situation of the people receiving service from equine facilities before and during the pandemic. The data were collected...
Proceedings Article

From Invasive to Creative: Transforming Salvinia molesta in Taman Botani Sri Medan into Cosmeceutical Solid Soap

Nurul Syamimi Muzaini, Furzani Pa’ee
Salvinia molesta is invasive species and is also known as the worst weed that invaded Malaysia’s native wide range of aquatic ecosystem. This study was conducted to identify the potential metabolites Salvinia molesta invasive plant species from family Salviniaceae in Taman Botani Sri Medan, Batu Pahat,...
Proceedings Article

Manufacturing Process Development of Health Supplement Containing Water Hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) Extract

Diah Indriani Widiputri, Quincy Juventinus, Silvya Yusri, Febbyandi Isnanda Pandiangan, Jimmy
Water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes), WH, is an aquatic plant that usually lives on the surface of lakes, marshes or rivers and often considered to be a weed that brings many negative impacts for the aquatic ecosystem. Previous research has proven the presence of antioxidant activity in the extract...
Proceedings Article

Analysis on effect and relevant factors of ultrasound-guided lauromacrogol sclerotherapy to benign thyroid cyst

Dan Fei, Yang Li, Guoqing Sui
Purpose: lauromacrogol sclerotherapy was implemented through ultrasound-guided puncture of thyroid cyst for discussing the therapeutic effect to lauromacrogol hardening thyroid cyst. Method: 50 patients accepting thyroid cyst puncture sclerotherapy in ultrasonography department of our hospital were selected,...
Proceedings Article

Effectiveness of BAP (6-Benzyl Amino Purine) for Buds Induction of Nutmeg (Myristica fragrans Houtt.)

Dedi Satriawan, Steffanie Nurliana, Tutik Pujiyanti
This research aims to determine the most effective of BAP concentration for bud’s induction of nutmeg. The nutmeg plants used are obtained from the village of TanjungAgung, Sukamerindu, Bengkulu. The research was conducted from November to December 2019, at the Biotechnology Laboratory, Department of...
Proceedings Article

Association of Chlamydia trachomatis, Mycoplasma spp., Ureaplasma urealyticum and U. parvum with Human Papillomavirus in Patients with Cervical Cancer

A L Sahara, F Ibrahim, M N Massi, A Yasmon
Besides human papillomavirus (HPV), the cervical carcinogenesis is also affected by many risk factors including pathogenic bacteria such as Chlamydia trachomatis (CT), Mycoplasma spp. (MS), Ureaplasma urealyticum (UU), and U. parvum (UP) infections. Thus, we studied the bacterial infections for 68 patients...
Proceedings Article

Effect of Trichoderma spp on Plant Height of Local Rice Varieties in the Early Phase of Growth

Azwir Anhar, Linda Advinda, Dwi Hilda Putri, V Atika, S Amimi
Shoots are important organs in plant growth, because the process of photosynthesis occurs in shoots, especially in plant leaves. Application Trichoderma as a bio fertilizer can increase the growth of shoots of various plants including superior varieties of rice plants. On the other hand, local rice varieties...
Proceedings Article

To Reduce the Hemocytometer Measurement Uncertainty of White Blood Cell Count by the Double Staining of Cell Nucleus

Ying-Ying Liu, Jing Wang
Acridine orange (AO) and ethidium bromide (EB) are two fluorescent dyes for cell nuclei staining. The nucleus images by these two staining can make it easy to differentiate white blood cell (WBC) from red blood cell (RBC). We applied this principle to the white blood cell count by hemocytometer and this...
Proceedings Article

Antioxidant and Antibacterial Activity from Three Different Solvents of Nephelium ramboutan-ake Leaves Crude Extract

Agmi Sinta Putri, Whicliffe Fiernaleonardo Pasedan, Irawan Wijaya Kusuma, Harlinda Kuspradini
Nephelium ramboutan-ake, is a species of Sapindaceae family, locally named Maritam from Kalimantan. However, there is limited information about the potency of this plant. The present study’s objective was to carry out the antioxidant and antibacterial activity of N. ramboutan-ake leaf extract by three...
Proceedings Article

Observations of Bali Cattle Carcass Size Based on Different Body Condition Scores at Kendari Slaughter House

Harapin Hafid
This study aims to assess the influence of the score on the body condition of Bali cattle that shall be slaughtered at Kendari city especially on a linear measure of the body and the percentage of the carcass. The study is done in four months from January to April 2021 at the slaughterhouse Kendari city...
Proceedings Article

Observation of synergistic effect of End statin and cisplatin On Calu-6 cell

Xin Cheng, Qiuju Lin, Wenhui Li
End statin is an endogenous inhibitor of angiogenesis, specifically acting on endothelial cells, inhibiting its migration, inducing its apoptosis, thus inhibiting the forming of new vessels and tumor growth. But it is not clear about the synergetic mechanism, action characteristic and best regimen. This...
Proceedings Article

Analysis and Evaluation of the Political Implementation of Land Against Sustainable Food Security in Indonesia (Islamic Economic Approach)

Hady Sutjipto, Tubagus Ismail
This study aims to analyze and critically evaluate the land policy for food security in Indonesia. This study explains descriptively about the implementation of the management of the policy now practiced in Indonesia. The method used in descriptive and quantitative approaches describes critically evaluating...
Proceedings Article

Classical Enterotoxin Genes of Staphylococcus aureus Isolated from the Raw Milk of Cows and Goats in Yogyakarta Indonesia

Desy Cahya Widianingrum, Sarasati Windria, Fatkhanuddin Aziz, Siti Isrina Oktavia Salasia
Milk is a highly nutritious food containing several essential nutrients. Consequently, it can be contaminated by pathogenic bacteria, including Staphylococcus aureus. This study aimed to analyze the genes encoding nine classical enterotoxins of S. aureus isolated from cow and goat raw milk. A total of...
Proceedings Article

Ultrasonography-Guided Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy for the Treatment of Kidney Stone

Hongyan Li, Hai Li, Yuanyuan Xing
We examined the surgical outcomes of minimally invasive percutaneous nephrolithotomy (MPCNL) in complicating urolithiasis.10 patients were hospitalized for MPNCL due to upper tract urolithiasis. Calyx puncture was performed in the prone position under ultrasonographic guidance. The renal access route...
Proceedings Article

Characterization and Identification of The Key Residues Abound The Activity Site Tunnel of Trehalose Synthase from Pseudomonas Stutzeri Qlu3

Jing SU, Yunxiao ZHANG, Zhenzhen LI, Piwu LI, Lizhen HAO, Haijie ZHENG, Ruiming WANG
The conversion of maltose into trehalose has important applications in the manufacture of food and other products. The enzyme trehalose synthase (TreS) catalyzes the interconversion of maltose and trehalose with glucose as a byproduct. In this study, treS was cloned from Pseudomonas stutzeri Qlu3 genomic...
Proceedings Article

The Phenotype Characters Stability of Hybrid Watermelon (Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. & Nakai) ‘Maduri’ and ‘Putri Delima’

Dian Sartika, Alfi Fauzan Irsyad, Rizal Hermawan S. Budi, Wahyu Dwi Soemantri, Budi Setiadi Daryono
Watermelon (Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. & Nakai) is one of the horticultural crops members of Cucurbitaceae family, which is known to have high economic value and public interest. Since the entry into Indonesia, the application of watermelon plant breeding has grown to produce new superior...
Proceedings Article

Anticancer Activity of Oridonin Against Esophageal Cancer Cells Enhanced by Special Electromagnetic Field Treated Water

Jiang PI, Jin-huan JIANG, Hua JIN, Xin WANG, Yuan PENG, Ji-ye CAI
Oridonin, the main pharmacological active substance isolated from Rabdosia Rubescens, has been found to show anti-inflammatory, pro-apoptotic, neurological effects, and excellent anticancer activities. However, the clinical application of oridonin is still limited by its poor solubility. The special...
Proceedings Article

The Study of Heavy Metal Accumulation in Shallots and its Relation to Farmers’ Behavior

(Srigading Village, Kapanewon Sanden, Bantul Regency)

Cicik Oktasari Handayani, Edhi Martono, Rika Harini
Shallot farmers in their farming often use agrochemicals intensively which can pollute their land and agricultural products with an increase in the heavy metal content in them. Based on this, this research was conducted with three objectoves. The first one is to determine the status of heavy metal contamination...
Proceedings Article

Transurethral Flexible Ureteroscopic Holmium Laser Lithotripsy for Treatment of Kidney and Upper Ureteral Calculi

Fan-Ping Meng, An-Na Wang, Ji Gao
This paper aims at studying the efficacy and safety of flexible ureteroscopic holmium laser lithotripsy for treatment of kidney and upper ureteral calculi. Methods. The duration of operation, postoperative complication, postoperative calculus clearance rate of this surgery were analyzed based on 58 patients...
Proceedings Article

Influence of Medicinal Plant Extracts on the Number of Columns of Strain Escherichia Coli

Valentina Skorbach, Yulia Kurkina
The effect of extracts of medicinal plants from the families Lamiaceae and Asteraceae on the growth and development of the bacterial culture of Escherichia coli is question for discus. The strain of Escherichia coli was chosen as the object of the study. Extracts of medicinal plants pippermint, salvia...
Proceedings Article

Theoretical Studies on the Inhibitory Activity of Levofloxacin-thiadiazole HDACi Conjugates to Histone Deacetylases

Zi-Qiang Tang, Chang-Ning Liu, Yu-Sheng Liu, Hui Feng, Chang-Jun Feng
Electrotopological state indices (EK) of atom types is used to describe the structures of 19 conjugates (LHCc) of levofloxacin-thiadiazole HDAC inhibitor (HDACi) and related to the inhibitory activity (pWi, i=1, 6) of LHCc against histone deacetylases(HDACs, HDAC1 and HDAC6). The optimal two-parameter(E17,...
Proceedings Article

Population Dynamics of Mites on Monoculture and Polyculture Systems of Calina Papaya During Dry Season

Retno Dyah Puspitarini, Aminudin Afandhi, Bambang Tri Rahardjo
Papaya is an important commercial crop in various industrial sectors. Calina is the predominant variety liked by many communities and growers in Indonesia because of its superior traits and relatively stable price. In its cultivation, phytophagous mites infestations tremendously decrease the yield of...
Proceedings Article

The Relationship Between Normalized Difference Vegetation Index with Phytochemical Content of Pasak Bumi

Ahmad Jauhari, Yuniarti, Eko Suhartono, Rahman Noor
Understanding of the post geothermal plant growing conditions based on digital values on satellite images of Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) relative to the amount of the phytochemical content of the plant may provide benefits for cultivation management in its growing place. The purpose...
Proceedings Article

The Potential of Trichoderma spp. Endophytes as Biological Control Agents Against Ceratocystis sp. Causes of Acacia Stem Rot Disease in vitro

Fifi Puspita, Rachmad Saputra, Nur Hasanah
Ceratocystis sp. is an important pathogen in acacia plants. This pathogenic fungus causes stem rot disease which can cause the death of mature plants within 4 - 7 years with a disease attack percentage of nearly 80%. The common controlling technique is carried out by using chemical pesticides, for that...
Proceedings Article

An Investigation of Spawn Growth of Pleurotus ostreatus in Heat-Tolerant Plastic Bags Using Rice and Corn as Substrates

S Afrida, K Willard, Lukman, Y Tamai
Indonesian mushroom farmers commonly produce Pleurotus ostreatus spawn in bottles. Bottles have several disadvantages: unsterilized lids, large weights, undetectable bacterial contaminations, and difficulties in removing the rest of mycelia around the edge of the bottle. Farmers rarely use plastic bags...
Proceedings Article

Antioxidant Activity Evaluation of Agarwood Aquilaria malaccensis Lamk. Leaves Extract Using DPPH, FRAP and ABTS Assays

Aprilliani Prissilla Halim, Nastiti Wijayanti, Lisna Hidayati, Tri Rini Nuringtyas
Indonesia has been known to have large forest areas and rich in biodiversity, which could be the source of primary and secondary metabolites. Along with the technological development and research in medicine, agarwood, which was initially used only for topical body treatments, room fragrances, and religious...
Proceedings Article

Research study on target treatment of ultrasound microbubbles with docetaxel on osteosarcoma

Dan Fei, Yang Li, Guoqing Sui
To investigate the therapeutic effect of target treatment on osteosarcoma cells through ultrasound micro bubble imaging with docetaxel. Methods The osteosarcoma model of Sprague-Dawley rats was established by implantation of tissue mass of UMR-106 cell line on the back. The model rats were randomly divided...
Proceedings Article

Characteristics of Leaves Anatomy of Some Syzigium (Myrtaceae)

Moralita Chatri, Civil Eka Mella, M Des
In identifying a plant species, anatomical characteristics of vegetative organs such as leaves are needed to complete taxonomic data and increasing group understanding within a taxa. The aimed of this research to determine the cross-sectional characteristics of leaves and stomata characteristics of three...
Proceedings Article

Effect of Swamp Irrigation Pattern and Sorghum Extract Concentration on Sorghum Seed Sprout

Edi Susilo, Nanik Setyowati, Uswatun Nurjannah, Riwandi, Zainal Muktamar
Sorghum extract has an allelopathic potential to control weeds. Allelopathy is the suppression of a plant’s growth by a toxin released from a nearby plant of the same or another species. One factor determining plants’ contribution to releasing allelochemicals is abiotic stress, such as drought. This...
Proceedings Article

Profile of Antigen Excretory-Secretory Schistosoma Japonicum in the Development of Elisa Method to Detect Schistosomiasis in Indonesia

Samarang, Made Agus Nurjana, Malonda Maksud, Sri Murtini, Fadjar Satrija
The development of ELISA method to detect patients with schistosomiasis in Indonesia is a detection of the antigens that are derived from the peripheral vessels in the blood serum. This research is conducted in the Napu Plateau of Poso Regency, Central Sulawesi, Indonesia. The goal is to develop ELISA...
Proceedings Article

Evaluation of Soil Characteristics on Coffee Land in Sinjai Regency, South Sulawesi

A. Assa, Jamilah Jamilah, A. Pratama, R. Wahyudi, Mamang, A.N. Amalia, D. Indriana
The soil chemical properties were important factors influencing growth, productivity, quality, and coffee flavour. The research aimed to evaluate the soil characteristics of coffee land at different growing altitudes in Sinjai Regency, South Sulawesi. The soil samples were collected in June 2019, within...
Proceedings Article

Analysis of the Genetic Structure of the Populations of Marsh Frog (Pelophylax Ridibundus) in the Impact Territories of the City of Belgorod on the Basis of Microsatellite Markers of DNA

Eduard Snegin, Anatoliy Barkhatov, Elena Snegina
On the basis of SSR-method the genetic structure of marsh frog populations (Pelophylax ridibundus) in the urbanized area of Belgorod and its suburbs was studied. The data obtained indicate a high level of genetic variability in the populations studied. The heterozygosity level was equal to He=0.731±0.027,...
Proceedings Article

The Role of Rice, Corn, and Soybean Farmers Households in Banten Province: Gender Perspective

Asih Mulyaningsih, Aida Vitayala S Hubeis, Dwi Sadono Djoko Susanto
Indonesia is an agricultural country, so the people mostly work as farming. Development of farmers in rural areas does not recognize gender status, all of them in the household also work to fulfill their daily needs.This research uses quantitative methods which are strengthened by qualitative data. The...
Proceedings Article

Assessment of Wood Biomass Productivity from Anthocephalus macrophyllus Forest Plantation for Energy Production

Ahmad Mukhdlor, Muhammad Taufiq Haqiqi, Muhammad Taufan Tirkaamiana, Wiwin Suwinarti, Rudianto Amirta
Antocephalus macrophyllus is one of the fast-growing species widely planted in an industrial forest plantation in Indonesia. Since its cultivation has been mainly expanded, the interest to explore A. macrophyllus wood for further utilization to produce various valuable products is also growing. Nevertheless,...
Proceedings Article

Feed Digestibility and Rumen Fermentation Characteristic in Growing Goat Fed on Diets with Urea-Limestone Mixture Supplementation and Different Nitrogen to Non-Fiber Carbohydrate Ratios

Muhammad Ainsyar Harahap, Limbang Kustiawan Nuswantara, Eko Pangestu, Fajar Wahyono, Joelal Achmadi
The study examined the effect of limestone-urea mixture (LU) supplementation with different nitrogen (N): non fiber carbohydrate (NFC) ratio in the diet on feed digestibility and rumen fermentation characteristic in growing goat. Twelve Jawarandu local male goats with body weight average of 20.83±7.42...
Proceedings Article

Auxin and Cytokinin Effect on In vitro Callus Induction of Maize (Zea mays L.) Srikandi Putih

Muji Astutik, Bambang Suhartanto, Nafiatul Umami, Nilo Suseno, Miftahush Shirotul Haq
Maize plant (Zea mays L.) can be an alternative for sustainable forage because easy to obtain and can be cultivated in the dry season. Increasing plant biomass is needed to maximize maize plants as a forage crop through genetic mutations. Callus production by tissue culture is one of the planting materials...
Proceedings Article

The Mechanistic Study on the Effect of Acacia concinna and Cymbopogon nardus on Lipid Metabolism

Wijitrapha Ruangaram, Eisuke Kato
Obesity is one of the most concerning health problems globally. At the moment, medicinal plants have been widely studied in order to assist in the treatment of obesity instead of the developed drugs. From our previous study, Thai medicinal plants were tested through screening methods regarding anti-obesogenic...
Proceedings Article

A New Method to Identify Housekeeping Genes and Tissue Special Genes

Jixian Rao, Wei Liu, Hongwei Xie
Despite thedetection methods of HK genes and TS genes were various, without the standard database, we could not judge which one was the best classifier. In this paper, we built a standard database of HK genes and TS genes, reviewed and evaluated the existed methods. By analyzing the features of HK genes...
Proceedings Article

Effects of Total Flavonoids of Rosa Chinensis on Focal Cerebral Ischemia Reperfusion Model in Mice

Xiaoli YAN, Huisu WU, Xiaoyan FANG, Minsan MIAO
To observe the effects of total flavonoids of Rosa chinensis on focal cerebral ischemia reperfusion model in mice, Method: Nimodipine group, cerebral collaterals group, large, medium and small doses group of the Rosa chinensis total flavonoids were administered with corresponding drugs; Sham operation...
Proceedings Article

Addition of Trehalose of Duck Egg Yolk-Tris as an Extender Medium on Buffalo Frozen Semen

Tinda Afriani, Yolanda Marta Pela, Jaswandi, Elly Roza, Adisti Rastosari, Anna Farhana
This study aimed to determine the effect of adding trehalose of duck egg yolk-tris extender medium on the quality of frozen semen at buffalo. The design used was experimental a Randomized Block Design (RBD) method with 4 treatments and 4 replications as a group. The addition of trehalose (T) with several...
Proceedings Article

Investigation of Listeria Phage Endolysin Cell-wall Binding Domain (CBD) Surface Display in Escherichia coli

Shan-Na Liu, Timo M. Takala, Justus Reunanen, Ossian Saris, Per E. J. Saris
Cell surface display of target proteins has been widely used in biotechnology and industry. In this study, cell-wall binding domain (CBD) from Listeria phage endolysin A500 was fused with anchoring domains of YadA and OmpA, respectively, in Escherichia coli, aiming at binding of E. coli cells to Listeria...
Proceedings Article

A Device Based on Adaptive Filtering Algorithm for detecting ECG Signal in Motion Artifacts

Liangguang Peng, Tong Bai, Yu Pang, Guoquan Li, Zhangyong Li
Since the detection of electrocardiogram (ECG) is significant for monitoring the stress and diseases of Policeman and current methods for monitoring ECG in motion have drawback of low accuracy, a system for monitoring ECG signal is presented within this paper. The conductive silica gel is used as the...
Proceedings Article

Potential of Xylanase Thermophilic Bacteria in the Pulp Biobleaching Process

Irdawati, Nilam Devinda Putri, Syamsuardi, A. Agustien, Y. Rilda
Xylanase enzyme is an extracellular enzyme that has the ability to hydrolyze xylan to xylose. Xylanase can be produced by thermophilic bacteria and is a natural xylanase that is active and stable at high temperatures and alkaline pH, so it has the potential to be used in industrial and biotechnology...
Proceedings Article

Antibacterial Effects of Crude Lectin Fraction Bioactive Compound of Red Macroalgae P. palmata and H. glandiforme from Southern Coast Java Island, Gunungkidul, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

C Anam, E Chasanah, B P Perdhana, ND Fajarningsih, N F Yusro, D Praseptiangga, A Yunus
Lectins or carbohydrate-binding proteins, are widely distributed in nature and also good candidates in such prospecting of algae. It may have been considered that binding specificity of lectins to some carbohydrates provokes to produce many unique biological activities, including cell agglutination,...
Proceedings Article

Opportunities for Using of Eleutherococcuses Fruits as a New Food Raw Material

Ekaterina Solomonova, Nikolay Trusov, Tatiana Nozdrina
The purpose of study is to identify possibilities of using fruits of eleutherococcuses Eleutherococcus senticosus Rupr. & Maxim. аnd Eleutherococcus sessiliflorus Rupr. & Maxim., which are undergoing introduction tests in arboretum of N.V. Tsytsin Main Botanical Garden of Russian Academy of Science,...
Proceedings Article

Research Advances of AP2/ERF Transcription Factors

Lei Wang, Yao Sun, Yao Li
The AP2/ERF transcription factor family is one of the largest transcription factor groups in plants and it plays very important roles in growth, development, biotic and abiotic stress response. In this study, we summarized the research advances on AP2/ERF transcription factor involved in plant growth,...
Proceedings Article

Sensitivity to Erosion Based on Morphometry and the Erosion Rate in Blongkeng Watershed

Faizal Nur Fahmi, Ambar Kusumandari
The Blongkeng sub-watershed is one of the sub-watersheds in the Progo watershed and is located on the north-west slope of Mount Merapi. This sub-watershed is considered a priority because it plays an important role in the entire Progo watershed system. The existence of vegetation damage and land degradation...
Proceedings Article

Wet Season Forage Production of Leucaena leucocephala cv Tarramba Planted in a Multiple Rows Configuration on Sandy Vertisol Soil at Naibonat, Kupang, East Nusa Tenggara-Indonesia

Debora Kana Hau, Tony Basuki, Twen O Dami Dato, J. Nulik
An experiment was conducted to measure forage production of Leucaena leucocephala cv Tarramba planted in a multiple rows of live fencing model. Plants were arranged in 8 rows which planted 2 meters from the main live fence of 1ha land. The plants were cut at of 1m height and then again at +30cm from...
Proceedings Article

Time-Dependent Cellular Injuries Induced by Calcium Oxalate Monohydrate and Dihydrate Crystals

Jian-Min WANG, Ling-Hong HUANG, Jian-Ming OUYANG
Objective: This study aims to compare the cytotoxicity and adhesion difference between oxalate monohydrate (COM) and dehydrate (COD) crystals and African green monkey kidney epithelial cells (Vero). Methods: Through the detection of cell viability, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release amount, expression...
Proceedings Article

Response of Coffee Berry Borer (Hypothenemus hampaei) to Alcohol-Based Attractants on Coffee Crops in Banjarnegara, Indonesia

Rostaman, Budi Prakoso
Coffee berry borer (CBB) or Hypothenemus hampei Ferrari is a major insect pest on coffee crops in Indonesia. This pest could be controlled by using attractants that are placed in insect traps. The aim of this study was to examine the number of trapped CBB in alcohol-based attractants that were placed...
Proceedings Article

Rats Development of Contactless Thermal Detector for Animal: Comparison of Three Sensor Types

Ridi Arif, Koekoeh Santoso, Dhani S. Wibawa
One of the important physiological parameters is body temperature, and the increased level is an early indicator of infection. Therefore, it is necessary to develop temperature detection in animals using contactless methods and with precise results. This study aimed to compare 3 types of IR sensors for...