Advances in Engineering Research

+ Advanced search
24537 articles
Proceedings Article

Effect of Cow Manure and KCl on Changes in Soil Properties and Growth of Nutmeg (Myristica fragrans Houtt) in Inceptisol Galela

Tri Mulya Hartati, Sri Nuryani Hidayah Utami, Makruf Nurudin
Nutmeg plant is one of the spice commodities that had been known from the ancient world. In an effort to revive the dignity of spice crops, nutmeg also promise encourage to be developed. This study aims to analyze the effect of cow manure and KCl to change soil properties and growth of nutmeg in inceptisol...
Proceedings Article

Tnyafar: Women, Livelihoods Strategy Based on Agroforestry (Case Study in Selaru Island, Tanimbar Island District)

Junianita Fridianova Sopamena, August Ernst Pattiselanno
Selaru Island community has long ago been familiar with activity of fulfilling needs through Tnyafar. Being a local wisdom, every household used Tnyafar as a livelihood strategy. Through Tnyafar, community exploited natural resources regularly to ensure the fulfillment of the needs. This research was...
Proceedings Article

The Effect of Cocoa Paste Percentage of Fermented Cocoa Beans on the Sensory Characteristic of Chocolate Bars

Wahyu Margono, Mustamin A. Masuku, Nurjana Albaar, Tamrin, Suryati Tjokrodiningrat
This study aims to obtain optimal chocolate bars according to sensory tests based on the percentage of cocoa paste. The research carried out in stages, namely the selection of fermented dried cocoa beans according to SNI 01-2323-2008, making the cocoa paste, and treating 30% and 60% cocoa paste on chocolate...
Proceedings Article

Length-Weight Relationships of Brown-Marbled Grouper Epinephelus fuscoguttatus Forsskål, 1775 in Bobong Taliabu Waters of North Maluku, Indonesia

Umar Tangke, Frentje Dusyan Silooy, Rochmady, Fikri Rizky Malik, Susiana
Length-weight relationship (LWR) species Epinephelus fuscoguttatus Forsskål, 1775 by gender (male and female) were collected from September 2016 to June 2017 in Bobong Taliabu waters, North Maluku, Indonesia. Fish captured using bottom trap, size 80 x 60 x 35 cm with mesh size 5 cm. LWRs of significant...
Proceedings Article

Introduction Test Edible Coating Fresh Fish Fillet of Tuna and Smoked Fish Using Biopolymer Nanoparticle Chitosan Coconut Crab

Hamidin Rasulu, Danar Praseptiangga, I Made Joni, Ari Handono Ramelan
Maintaining the quality of fish can be done in several ways among others by utilizing the edible packaging technology. The use of chitosan biopolymers in the form of chitosan nanoparticles to maintain the quality of fresh skipjack fish and smoked tuna is the best solution to avoid the use of synthetic...
Proceedings Article

High Yielding Coconut of Nui Sua Tall from Sula Islands, North Maluku

Meity Tulalo, Sukmawati Mawardi, Hengky Novarianto
The superior coconut seednuts resources is one main problem to develop coconut programs in Indonesia, include North Maluku. Sula Islands Regency is one of the largest coconut distribution areas in North Maluku Province, Indonesia. The purpose of this research was to study the character, production potential...
Proceedings Article

Condition of the Coral Reef of Maitara Island Based on Chaetodontidae Fish for Coral Reef Improvement in North Maluku Province

Syahnul Sardi Titaheluw, Rovina Andriani, Armain Naim, Raismin Kotta
This study aims to look at the level of damage to coral reefs based on Chaetodontotidae fish and biodiversity of Chaetodontidae fish on Maitara Island. This research was conducted in April to May 2019 at 2 stations. Collecting coral reef data using the Line Intercept Transect (LIT) method which is placed...
Proceedings Article

Acceleration of Nutmeg (Myristica fragrans Houtt.) Seed Germination by Scarification and Gibberellin Application

Abu Rahmat Ibrahim, Santosa
Nutmeg (Myristica fragrans Houtt.) is a native commodity of Indonesia. Propagation of this plant is relatively difficult and takes a long time for germination because of its hard seed coat. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of scarification and gibberellin (GA) application on the nutmeg seed germination....
Proceedings Article

Ayam Taliwang as a Solace After Disaster

Eli Jamilah Mihardja, Tuti Widiastuti, Prima Mulyasari Agustini, Fatin Adriati, B. P. K. Bintoro
Lombok tourism industry slumped dramatically since the earthquake. Comprehensive efforts are needed to make it rise again and bring prosperity to the people. Among them, through culinary.AyamTaliwang, despite coming from Sumbawa, a famous culinary carries the name of Lombok. However, the popularity of...
Proceedings Article

The Effect of Guided Inquiry Learning Strategies on the Results of Learning Natural Sciences (Experiment Research in Taruna Terpadu Junior High School, Bogor)

Umi Fatonah, Zulfiati Syahrial, Priyono, Muhammad Ridha Albaar
The purpose of this research is to find out the effect of guided inquiry learning strategies on science learning outcomes of students of the Taruna terpadu Bogor Junior High School. Guided inquiry is one of the learning strategies that emphasize students active learning through the investigation with...
Proceedings Article

Impact of Rainfall Harvesting as a Fertigation Resources Using Autopot on Quality of Melon (Cucumis melo L.)

Nurpilihan Bafdal, Sophia Dwiratna, Siti Sarah
Global climate changes which cause increasing the dry season and impact of decreasing in water resources. Water has an important role in agriculture sector especialy to the process of plant growth and water use efficiency while rainfall harvesting will impact of water quality.Fertigation and using autopot...
Proceedings Article

Profile of Fatty Acid and Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons Smoked Pokea Clam (Batissa violacea celebensis Martens 1897) Produced in North Konawe District, South East Sulawesi

Kobajashi Togo Isamu, Ahmad Mustafa, Fajriah, Roslindah Daeng Siang
Pokea clam (Batissa violacea celebensis Martens 1897) is one of the endemic species in Southeast Sulawesi, which is much fave by local people as one of the daily favorite food menus, and one form of processing is by smoking. However, research on the profile of fatty acids and PAH compounds in smoked...
Proceedings Article

Analysis of Agricultural Land Use Changes Using Remote Sensing and Geographic Information System in Kendari City

Sawaludin, Saban Rahim, Weka Widayati, Rahmawati Maulana, Fatimah Wardhana, Ida Usman
Along with its development, the area of agricultural land in Kendari City has declined. This study aims to determine the extent of agricultural land in 1997, 2007 and 2017 and the causes of the conversion, in addition to knowthe projected area of agricultural land in 2027. This research is based on remote...
Proceedings Article

Study on Perception and Acceptance of Nutmeg Farmers Toward the National Rehabilitation Program: Increasing the Production of Cash Crop Commodities (Nutmeg) in Tidore-North Maluku-Indonesia

Mardiyani Sidayat, Mila Fatmawati
The majority of farmers in North Maluku are planting cash crops such as coconut, nutmeg and clove as their main source of income. In the study sites (Kota Tidore region) Most of the farmer have cash crop as the major agricultural commodities. The central government introduced a national program of increasing...
Proceedings Article

The Use of Fishing Tuna Flour Fortification Modified Tapioca Starch in Emergency Food Product

Hasbullah, Hamidin Rasulu, Nurjana Albaar, Nabel Ahmed A Mansour
Starch is used as a thickener and stabilizer in food. Natural starch causes several problems related to retrogradation, low stability, and low paste resistance. This is the reason for starch modification. When chemically modifying starch with ginger oil, a cross-linking bond will create, which is the...
Proceedings Article

Contribution of Agroforestry to the Plant Communities and Community Welfare in Ternate

Abdul Kadir Kamaluddin, Fadila Tamnge, Mahdi Tamrin
An agroforestry system is land use developed to provide economic, ecological and social benefits to improve the welfare of the community. The aim of this study are (1) to determine the contribution of agroforestry to plant diversity, and (2) to calculate the contribution of agroforestry to community...
Proceedings Article

Antidiabetic Potency and Characteristics of Corn Flour and Cassava Flour-Based Rice Analog Added with R. mucronata Mangrove Fruit Flour and E. cottonii Seaweed Flour

Hardoko, Yahya Abdul Hafidz, Bambang Budi Sasmito, Yuniwaty Halim
Rice analog can be made from various sources of carbohydrate other than rice itself and can be designed to become functional rice by adding ingredients that have functions on health. The aim of this research was to determine the antidiabetic potency and characteristics of corn flour and cassava flour-based...
Proceedings Article

Analysis of Lipase and Lipid Formation in Adipocytes Inhibitory Capabilities in Kelakai (Stenochlaena palustris) for Obesity Management

Maria D.P.T. Guanwan Puteri, Filiana Santoso, Evelyn Antoinette Halim, Della Rahmawati, Eisuke Kato, Yanetri Asi Nion
The objective was to test S. palustris which has high antioxidant activity for bioactivities that may alleviate obesity: lipase inhibitory activity and lipid accumulated in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Water, 50% methanol and methanol extracts of S. palustris were tested for lipase inhibitory activity and lipid...
Proceedings Article

Planning of Land Use Based on Environmental Carrying Capacity in East Tidore Subdistrict, Tidore Island City

Ramli Hadun, Amiruddin Teapon
Land needs for the development of the agricultural sector in East Tidore Subdistrict always increase along with the increasing population. Lack of understanding of land characteristics causes agricultural development is not based on the ability and carrying capacity of land. This can be seen from the...
Proceedings Article

Physical and Chemical Properties of Chicken Nugget Combined with Meat of Golden Snail

Yunus Syafie, Nurdiyanawati Djumadil
Golden snail is the major pest in thewet paddy land in the East Halmahera region. The use of chemical pesticides has failed to control the pest and hascaused an increase in environmental pollution. In order to reduce the detrimental effect of the golden snail attack on paddy growth and production, the...
Proceedings Article

Potential for Land and Lengas Available to Water Needs on the Clove Land in Ternate Island

Buhari Umasugi, Sugeng Prijono, Soemarno, Ariffin
Land and climate are important land potentials in agricultural ventures. Land other than as a medium also grows water storage for plants. Rainfall is the climate element of the water provider for plants. Clove Plant as one of the main plantation plants that are cultivated on farmland by the people of...
Proceedings Article

The Study of Food Insecurity and Food Supply in Gunungkidul Regency Indonesia

Susanawati, Gatot Supangkat Samijo, Oki Wijaya
The purpose of this study was to analyze the factors causing food insecurity and the condition of household food reserves in Gunungkidul Regency. The research location was determined purposively, in Watugajah Village and Tegalrejo Village, Gedangsari Subdistrict and Girikarto Village, Panggang Subdistrict,...
Proceedings Article

Rheological Behavior of Native Sago Starch in Comparison with Other Native Starches

Ansharullah, Muhammad Natsir, Tamrin
A rheological model of native sago starch was developed by determining the shear stress at various temperatures, and at several shear rates, using an LVDVII+ Brookfield viscometer. The data were analyzed to obtain the consistency index (k) and the flow behaviour index (n) using an empirical power law...
Proceedings Article

Analysis of Financial Feasibility of Nutmeg Syrup Business (Case Study in CV. Kie Raha, Ngade Village, Ternate City)

Mila Fatmawati, Nurjanna Albaar
An effort on nutmeg agribusiness development can be implemented through agricultural product diversification, where the product is not only sale as primary product but it can be developed to the secondary product. The aim of this study is to analyze the financial feasibility of nutmeg syrup at KieRaha...
Proceedings Article

Analysis of Physical Vulnerability Assessment Due to 2015 Swarm Earthquake Based on Amplification Zone in Jailolo District

Rohima Wahyu Ningrum, Hendra Fauzi, Marwis Aswan, Wiwit Suryanto, Estuning Tyas Wulan Mei
Swarm earthquake in the Jailolo region based on data from the Geophysical Station BMKG Ternate in November 2015, there were 701 event earthquakes. Measurement of the value of physical vulnerability based on amplification factors produces a map of the physical vulnerability of an area by welding, which...
Proceedings Article

Carrying Capacity of Agriculture Sector Based on Commodities’ Production in Kulonprogo Regency

Zuhud Rozaki
Becoming one of leading sectors in supporting national economic, especially low middle people, agriculture has multi-function in regional development. This study aims to analyze the carrying capacity of agriculture sector based on commodities’ production in Kulonprogo Regency. Those commodities come...
Proceedings Article

An Analysis on the Effect of Entrepreneurial Motivation on Business Performance of Plasma Broiler Breeders at the Riau Province

Cepriadi, Darsono, Sutrisno Hadi, Rosnita
This study aims to analyze the effect of motivation on business performance broiler breeders in Riau province. Sampling is done using convenience sampling by adjusting the factors required by the researcher. The data used are primary data and secondary data. Data analysis was done by using Structural...
Proceedings Article

Developing Measurement Indicators for Stress Academic Models at Higher Education Institutions: An Importance Performance Analysis Approach

Johan Fahri, Nurlela, Ruliyanto Syahrain, Nurdin, Irfandi Buamonabot
The purpose of this study is to identify and implement the most suitable and prominent dimensions for stress in the learning process of students, which are key to the development of academic stress models. This research conducts a comprehensive review of research results related to various aspects of...
Proceedings Article

Utilization of Bag-Log Waste for Mixture Cultivation of Ear Mushroom (Auricularia auricula) and White Oyster (Pleorotus ostreatus)

Agus Sugianto, Anis Sholihah, Abd. Kodir Djaelani, Priyagung Hartono
The aim of this research was to determine the growth and production of white oyster mushrooms and ear mushrooms on various types of substrates as well as the R/C value of farming ratios. Research has been carried out in the Integrated Laboratory of the Faculty of Agriculture, Unisma of Malang. The study...
Proceedings Article

Characteristics of Sago Noodles as Affected by Varied Concentration of Carbonized Rice Straw-Based Liquid Colorant

Erni Sofia Murtini, Cornelia Sertha Lorenzsa
Utilization of carbonized rice straw (CRS) as a natural black colorant has been widely applied for traditional Indonesian food. This study was aimed to determine the characteristics of sago noodles as affected by different concentrations of liquid CRS added. Randomized Block Design (RBD) with concentration...
Proceedings Article

Germination and Seedling Growth of Hybrid and Madura Local Corn on Salt Stress

Kelik P. W. Sukma, Isdiana Suprapti, Budi Setiadi Daryono, Purnomo
Madura Salt Tolerance Corn (var. Duko and var. Elos) and Hybrid Corn (Sukmaraga and Anoman-1) were germinated on 0, 100, 200, 300 and 400 mM NaCl for 7 days. Then its planted by wick system hydroponic also on the same NaCl concentration for 14 days, conducted by using randomized block design with 4 replications....
Proceedings Article

Color Properties and Stabilizing Effect of Metal Ion on Anthocyanin from Buni (Antidesma bunius) Fruit

Swanty Rahmazania Mustika, Abdullah Muzi Marpaung
The objectives of this research were to evaluate the possibility of metal complexation in generating blue color, and the stability of the anthocyanin from Buni (Antidesma bunius) fruit extract. Four different metals ions (Ca2+, Mg3+, Al3+, and Fe3+) have tested at three concentrations level (0 ml, 0.01...
Proceedings Article

Effectiveness of Biological and Leaf Insecticides to Control the Chilli (Capsicum annum) Pest in Ternate Island

Betty Kadir Lahati, Sugeng Haryanto
The aim of this research is to learn the effectiveness of biological and leaf insecticides against the population and attack intensity of pests on chilli crops. Factorial Randomized Block Design (RBD) was used in this experiment, while there are two factors,i.e. biological insecticide(isolate of Beauveriabassiana)...
Proceedings Article

In Vitro Bioassay of Allelopathy in Robusta Coffee Callus Using Sandwich Method

Muchamad Imam Asrori, Hamako Sasamoto, Shinjiro Ogita
The allelopathic potential of various plants, including coffee species, has been studied. Although the allelopathic potential of coffee leaves, stems, and roots has been reported, there is no detailed information about coffee callus. Since this callus produces bioactive metabolites, we focused on investigating...
Proceedings Article

The Effect of Pb Sourced Application on the Growth and Yield of Vegetable Crops

Yekti Sri Rahayu, Tatik Wardiyati, Dawam Maghfoer, Eko Handayanto
Pb input into agricultural land in addition to the natural geological activities, can also be produced from anthropogenic activities such as the application of organic matter, fertilizers and the use of pesticides. Although Pb is not an essential element for plants, plants can absorb it from the soil...
Proceedings Article

The Strategy of Developing Broiler Chicken Agribusiness on Livestock Partner Farms in the Village of Sasa, Ternate Sub-District, Ternate City

Fatmawati Kaddas, Sri Lestari
The livestock partner is a livestock company located in the South Ternate district, which provides live and slaughtered broiler chickens. Livestock partner is also very concerned about the distribution and marketing of broiler chickens because the prospect of broiler chickens is still promising with...
Proceedings Article

Physicochemical Characterization of Dioscorea spp. in Manokwari Regency, West Papua

Paulus Chadikun, Amalia Tetrani Sakya, Vita Ratri Cahyani, Maria Theresia Sri Budiastuti
Dioscorea spp is a wild plant which is an important food source, however there are no published studies on the nutritional composition of this plants growing at Manokwari Regency. Physical analysis includes color testing using the brand Minolta Reflectance Chromameter type CR-300. Chemical analysis includes...
Proceedings Article

A Review of Challenge and Prospect of No-Tillage Practice to Sustain Spices Cropping Systems in North Maluku

Lily Ishak, Sarni, Erwin Ladjinga, Ramli Hadun
No-tillage or zero-tillage has been adopted for years by local farmers to sustain islands-based tropical spices cropping systems across the North Maluku region. Various studies in other parts of the world have proven a remarkable effect of this practice on soil health indicated by the enhancement of...
Proceedings Article

Reinforcement of Carrageenan/Starch Based Bio-Composite by Beads-Milled Chitosan

Camellia Panatarani, Emma Rochima, Ayunani, Sundoro Yoga, I Made Joni
Carrageenan/corn starch bio-composites is an important biodegradable composite as a substitute for conventional plastic and known as an environmentally friendly material. However, Carrageenan/corn starch bio-composite has poor mechanical properties. This paper reports the effect of chitosan NPs filler...
Proceedings Article

Making Beverages Cherry Brewed Leaves (Muntigia calabura. l) with Stevia (Stevia rebaudiana) as a Low-Calorie Natural Sweetener

Mulyati M. Tahir, Mariyati Bilang, Jumriah Langkong, Nurmitasari, Anisyah Hariadi
Drinks combination of cherry leaves and dried stevia leaves can be used as a health drink contains antioxidants and low-calorie sugar. This study aims to get types of proper drying in the manufacture of beverages so that the antioxidant content is not damaged and lost. The analysis was conducted on the...
Proceedings Article

Glycemic Index of Biscuit Non-Wheat from Mangrove Fruits Flour with Arrowroot and Canna Flours

Jariyah, Nungki Elvandari, Sri Winarti, Ulya Sarofa
Unhealthy eating patterns such as consumption of fast food, high fat, low fiber, and not followed by sufficient physical activities can cause health problems. One problem related to high glucose intake is diabetes mellitus, a type of degenerative disease. The food glycemic index is a food level according...
Proceedings Article

Encapsulation of Gotu Kola Leaf (Centella asiatica) Flavonoid in Instant Powder Drink Using Maltodextrin

Satrijo Saloko, Dody Handito, Nurul Nur Aeni
One of the methods that can be used for making Gotu kola (Centella asiatica) instant powder drink is encapsulation using freeze-drying technique. In order to maintain the flavonoid compound, needed of coating material that functions as protection material, that is maltodextrin. This research aimed to...
Proceedings Article

Effect of Quality Difference Concentration of Tris Yolk on Duck Eggs Spermatozoa Padjadjaran Sheep

Oktora Dwi Putranti, KP Sri Bandiati
This study aims to determine the effect of different concentrations of Yellow Tris Egg Duck on the quality of sheep spermatozoa. The method used for cement shelter with an artificial vagina is then diluted with Tris Yellow Duck Egg at different concentrations from 10%, 20%, 30%, 40%, 50% and stored at...
Proceedings Article

The Effects of Sucrose Substitution with Sorbitol on Physicochemical Properties and Sensory Evaluation of Seaweed Jelly Candy

Vanessa Natalie Jane Lekahena, Mohammad Rifai Boboleha
Kappaphycus alvarezii seaweed is a type of algae that is widely cultivated in Indonesian waters because of its economic value and many uses, but post-harvest handling of this type of seaweed is only up to the drying process that produces dried seaweed, with low selling price. Diversification of Kappaphycus...
Proceedings Article

The Evaluation of Gorontalo Local Upland Rice Against Drought Stress During Germination Phase

Aisyah Ahmad, Patta Sija, Rima Melati
The aim of this research is to find out the tolerance level of Gorontalo local upland rice against drought stress given during the germination stage with vigor index and normal sprout dry weight variables as the indicators. The research was conducted in June 2016 using a completely randomized factorial...
Proceedings Article

Tomato and Curly Chili Post-Planting Weed Community Composition

Hayun Abdullah, Zauzah Abdullatif, Suratman Sudjud
The type of weed grows will be in accordance to the agricultural condition. Weed composition in high land is dominated by species diversity yet low number of individuals. In low land, however, the individuals are dominant but low species diversity. The research aims to find out weed community composition...
Proceedings Article

In Vitro Study of Antioxidant and Antimicrobial Activities of Garcinia mangostana L. Peel Extract

Anastasia Wheni Indrianingsih, Vita Taufika Rosyida, Dwi Ratih, Batrisya
Plant extract are natural additives that are in great demand. Many biological capabilities of plant extracts in the fields of health and medicine, make research on plant extract quite rapid. Mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana L.) is one of the most famous fruits in Indonesia. In this paper, the antimicrobial...
Proceedings Article

Morphological Response of Takka Plant (Tacca leontopetaloides L.) as Traditional Medicine for Drought Stress

Sartika Syafi, Venty Suryanti, Bambang Pujiasmanto, Edi Purwanto
Contains a brief description of research Abstract: Alternative medicine using herbs has been very popular in Indonesia in the last few decades. Takka plants contain secondary metabolite compounds that can be used as medicinal materials, it is necessary to administer drought stress. The purpose of this...
Proceedings Article

Effort to Improve the Interests of Young Generations in the Agricultural Sector to Attain Food Security in Indonesia

Yodfiatfinda
This paper aims to investigate an effort to increase the interest of young people in the agricultural sector. The article is a review paper which has been collected more than twenty relevant scholar publications. The problem of the diminishing number of young farmers is quite worrying because the condition...
Proceedings Article

The Evaluation of Sexual and Vegetative Propagation of Medicinal Plant Christia vespertilionis (Butterfly Wing Plant)

Ramisah Mohd Shah, Nur Affida Abd. Rahman, Iffah Hazirah Mohd Nawi, Nor Idzwana Mohd Idris, Rudiyanto, Norhidayah Che Soh
Christia vespertilionis also known as butterfly wing plant is an ornamental and valuable medicinal plant grown in tropical and subtropical regions. Despite the importance, not much attention has been given to study economical propagation methods of C. vespertilionis. This work aims to evaluate between...