Proceedings of the Conference on Advances in Communication and Control Systems-2013

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143 articles

Parameter Estimation of LFM Signal in the Presence of non-Gaussian Noise

Sajjad Malekee, Mahmoud Mayiami, Seyed Reza Haydarinik, Seyed Mohammad Alavi
In this paper, a method is proposed for chirp rate and initial frequency estimation in the presence of non-Gaussian noise. In this approach, the noise is considered a component of signal phase. After extracting the phase of received signal, we estimate the parameters of interest by using the...

Make Web Page Instant: By Integrating Web-Cache and Web-Prefetching

Mahesh Manchanda, Neena Gupta
As the Internet continues its exponential growth, two of the major problems that today’s Web users are suffering from are the network congestion and Web Server overloading. Web caching and pre-fetching are well known strategies for improving the performance of Internet systems. Web caching techniques...

Modified iterative sphere decoding algorithm in LTE system

Qin Zhu, Xiao-wen Li
In the long-term evolution (LTE) system, channel equalization makes compensation to restore the original signal, the paper puts forward iteration sphere decoding algorithm which combines traditional sphere decoding and the improved QR based on the conventional QR decomposition...

Noise Margin and Delay Analysis of Half Stacked and Full Stacked SRAM Cell Design

Balwinder Raj
In this paper we propose a half stacked and full stacked SRAM cell design for low power application. This based on the “Stacking Effect of Transistors” with stacking of the driver and the load transistors to reduce the total power consumed in the SRAM cell. The results obtained on basis of proposed half...

SOLAR POWERED PMDC MOTOR DRIVE

Mohan Kashyap, Saurabh Chanana, Jai Singh Arya
In order to make solar energy competitive with the other forms of renewable energies, a better exploitation of its advantages especially environmental side, this will be possible only with the development of the less expensive and high output efficiency systems. In this paper, the modeling and...

Adaptive Modulation and Coding in COFDM for WiMAX Using LMS Channel Estimator

B. Siva Kumar Reddy, B. Lakshmi
The OFDM technique is predominantly used during the implementation of WiMAX Physical layer. This paper focuses on the PHY-layer design aspects, namely, modulation and coding techniques associated. OFDMA, an extension of OFDM, makes use of Adaptive Modulation and Coding techniques...

WIDEBAND FRACTAL MICROSTRIP ANTENNA FOR WIRELESS APPLICATION

B. Hephzibah Lincy, A. Srinivasan, B. Rajalakshmi
Wideband application put a new demand on antennas pertaining to size, gain, efficiency, bandwidth and more. This paper presents the design and analysis of fractal antenna which uses the self similarity property of fractal geometry. This unique property is exploited to...

Avionics System Design of Vertical Take off and Landing UAV

Amit Joshi, Sakshi Kukreti
This paper presents the details of avionics system design of a quadrotor. It uses the direction cosine matrix approach to identify the coordinates of the quadrotor and then using PID controller it tries to minimize the drifting error. The aim of the paper is to develop a system which uses...

Emotion estimation of physiological signals by using low power embedded system

Tanu Sharma, Bhanu Kapoor
Emotions are an essential and productive aspect of human thought or action and human thought is inherently emotional. Emotions are factors which vary as mood varies. When person experience different emotions then there is also change in physiological signals in human body and with this...

Comparative Image Encryption Method Analysis Using New Transformed - Mapped Technique

Nidhi Sethi, Sandip Vijay
Several traditional encryption schemes have been analysed and based on the literature survey, it has been found that chaotic sequences are very much useful to create randomness. In this paper, a new encryption scheme has been proposed with two phases. In the first phase the input image...

AN ARTIFICIAL IMMUNE SYSTEM ALGORITHM FOR SOLVING OPTIMAL REACTIVE POWER DISPATCH PROBLEM

K. Lenin, B.Ravindranath Reddy, M.Surya Kalavathi
This paper presents an algorithm for solving the multi-objective reactive power dispatch problem in a power system. Modal analysis of the system is used for static voltage stability assessment. Loss minimization and maximization of voltage stability margin are taken as the objectives....

A preemptive scheduling and due date assignment for single-machine in batch delivery system

Neelam Tyagi, Mehdi Abedi, Ram Gopal Varshney
In this paper we have proposed a new linear mathematical model for due date assignment on the single machine scheduling problem in a batch delivery system. Some assumptions are used as due dates are controllable, dynamic job arrivals; unforced machine idle and preemption are allowed. ...

Face Detection via Color and Edge Information

Ravi Verma, Harish Kumar Shakya
In this paper, an algorithm for segmenting skin regions in color images using color and edge information is presented. Skin colored regions are first detected using a Bayesian model of the human skin color. These regions are further segmented into skin region candidates that ...

Comparative study of different Parameters of MANET Routing Protocol for different Buffer Size

YASHI RAJVANSHI, SEEMA RAHUL, SANJAY KUMAR MAURYA, SANDIP VIJAY
In this Paper I have taken the different buffer (packet) size for different Routing Protocols and study the different performance matrices where we will get the optimize result and where we will get the worst result i.e. where we get the maximum packets and where packet reception at receiver is...

Effect of Gap on the Koch Fractal Shaped End Coupled Microstrip Bandpass Filter

Gurpreet Kaur Kohli, Yashi Rajvanshi, Mayank Khurana, Pravesh Singh
In this paper the Koch Fractal shaped Microstrip End Coupled Half-wavelength Bandpass Filter is used to show the effect of space gap on the response with an center frequency of 2.02 Ghz . As the filters are the key elements of telecommunications and radar systems and are important items in the performance...

Minimax Theory Based Scheme to Detect Selfish Node and Reduce Latency in Delay Tolerant Network

Dhiraj kr. Mishra, Meenu Chawla
Delay Tolerant Networks are resource constraint network. Selfish behavior of a node causes it to drop legitimate packets of other nodes, leading to low message delivery and wastage of valuable network resources. Here a Minimax Theory Based Scheme is proposed to distribute credits among...

Enhancing Privacy of Contents in Social Networking Sites (SNS)

Abhilasha Singh Rathor
Social networking sites are very useful in sharing information, making friends and keeping in touch with old friends. It is an online service, platform, or site that focuses on facilitating the building of social networks and social elation among peoples for sharing interests, activities, backgrounds,...

Scheduling Algorithms for Dynamic Spectrum Sharing

Jose Thomas Vembadanthara
The secondary service is able to access the spectrum allocated to primary service through spectrum sharing mechanisms. Cognitive radio technology which enables secondary users to share spectrum with primary users in an opportunistic manner can be implemented for this. Scheduling ...

A Generic Process Model for Botnet Forensic Analysis

Meenakshi Thapliyal, Anchit Bijalwan, Neha Garg, Emmanuel Shubhakar Pilli
Botnets are becoming more hazardous in cyber crime when compared to other malicious activities. Security against botnets is a major concern. Botnet forensics is young science which can answer questions about how, what and where of damage done by bots. The forensic system deals with capturing,...

Comparative Study of DYMO and Bellman Ad hoc Routing Protocol for various Battery models in MANET using Qualnet

SANJAY KUMAR MAURYA, SEEMA RAHUL, YASHI RAJVANSHI, SANDIP VIJAY VIJAY
It is a challenge area in the field of ad hoc networks to support prioritized routing for time sensitive applications, such as multimedia communications, IP telephony and interactive games. However the existing protocols did not consider the special battery discharging...

Wireless Sensor Based Remote Monitoring System for Agriculture Using ZigBee and GPS

G. V. Satyanarayana, SD. Mazaruddin
The advanced development in wireless sensor networks can be used in monitoring various parameters in agriculture. Due to uneven natural distribution of rain water it is very difficult for farmers to monitor and control the distribution of water to agriculture field in the whole farm or as per the requirement...

An Optimized Sample Rate Converter for a software radio receiver on FPGA

Ashok Agarwal, B. Lakshmi
Abstract-Sample Rate Conversion(SRC) and channelization are the two necessary tasks to be implemented for the design of a radio receiver. For a multi-standard software radio with a very high intermediate frequency(IF), which is of the order of 80MHz and above, the implementation of a sample rate converter...

A Capital Shape Alphabet Encoding(CASE) Based Text Steganography

Sunita Chaudhary, Peeyush Mathur, Tarun Kumar, Richa Sharma
Steganography is the art and science of writing hidden messages in such a way that no one, apart from the sender and intended recipient, suspects the existence of the message. Steganography is a form of security through obscurity. Steganography algorithms uses cover...

PENETRATION PHENOMENON OF LIGHT THROUGH DAILY USE PRODUCTS- MILK AND OIL

Manav Jain, Mohammad Jawaid Siddiqui
Though optical fibres have many advantages, they have noticeable disadvantages as well. So there is a need to look for other alternatives. This paper explores the penetration phenomenon of the light through some daily use products like milk and oil. Some of the light will be absorbed when passed through...

Digital Image Watermarking Using 3 level Discrete Wavelet Transform

Pratibha Sharma, Shanti Swami
In this paper a digital image watermarking based on 3 level discrete wavelet transform (DWT) is presented & compare it with 1 & 2 levels DWT. In this technique a multi-bit watermark is embedded into the low frequency sub-band of a cover image by using alpha blending technique. During embedding, watermark...

Modeling and Control of Grid Connected Variable Speed PMSG Based Wind Energy System

Ankit Kumar Singh, Ram Krisham, Yograj Sood
In recent years, The advancement of power electronic technology, novel control strategies and new circuit topologies, the grid connected small wind turbine industry is primarily dominated by the permanent magnet synchronous generators (PMSG) have increasingly drawn interests...

Design & Simulation of Circular Patch Antenna for Multiband application of X Band Using Varactor Diodes

Pawan Pujari, Kirti Vyas, Bhoopendra Kumar Sharma
Wireless communication systems are evolving to- ward multi functionality. This multi functionality provides users with options of connecting to different kinds of wire- less services for different purposes at different times. It is highly desirable to develop single radiating element having capabilities...

A Hybrid Algorithm Of Gabor Filter and Gaussian Distribution Feature Extraction Techniques for Facial Expression Recognition

Aruna Bhadu, Hardyal Singh Shekhawat, Vijay Kumar, Tarun Kumar
Facial expression recognition is necessary for designing any human-machine interfaces. Facial expression plays an important role in the recognition of human emotions and non verbal communication. Human face is a rich and powerful source of communicative information about human behavior....

CMOS Design And Single Supply Level Shifter Using 90nm Technology

Shilpa Thakur, Rajesh Mehra
The design and application of level shifter circuit which is based on single power supply is presented in this paper different from conventional level shifter circuitry. A level shifter may be used to shift any voltage level to a desired level without any leakage current. To reduce the...

New Multi Level Spreading Codes for DS CDMA Communication

K. USHA, K. JAYA SANKAR
Spreading codes are used to distinguish users and spread the signal to occupy much wider band width than the minimum required band width. Spreading codes are also called as user codes. Walsh, Gold and Kasami codes are the popularly used Binary (2-level) user codes. This paper proposes new multi level...

Dynamic Partial Reconfiguration for Discrete Cosine Transform Computation

Bhavesh Jaiswal, Nagendra Gajjar
Discrete Cosine Transform is one of the most important building blocks for the emerging video coding standard, H.264. In this paper, architecture for DCT computation, a hardware intensive operation, using dynamic partial reconfiguration is proposed. Field programmable gate array (FPGA),...

Forecasting of economic data sets and there trends using time series data modeling

Sunil Bhaskaran
Towards the end of the 20th century, we have seen an improved interest among Statisticians and Computer engineers to explore and extract data from data sources, by considering time as standard of measurement. However, some of the techniques used remains the same as that used...

Modified F slot loaded CSRR inspired microstrip patch antenna for dual band WiMAX applications (3.5 GHz and 5.8 GHz)

Kumar Goodwill, Jagannath Malik, Ramesh Patel, A. Patnaik, M. V. Kartikeyan Kartikeyan
In this paper, Modified F slot loaded Complimentary split ring resonator inspired microstrip patch antenna for dual band WiMAX applications (3.5 GHz and 5.8 GHz) is proposed. We introduced Modified F slot in ground plane for the reduction of physical size. And Complimentary split ring resonator inspired...

Design of Circularly Polarized Rectangular Patch Antenna with single cut

Prafull Ranjan, Saurabh Mishra
The focus of this paper is on our contributions towards Single feed circularly polarized antennas. Single feed circularly polarized antennas are currently receiving much attention. Circular polarization is beneficial because current and future commercial and military applications require...

An Application of Optical Flow Calculation Using Runway Image: A Preliminary Study

Raja Munusamy, Ugur Guven, Sudhir Kumar Chaturvedi, Pavan Kumar Nanduri
The main contribution of this work is the determination of the optical flow of the image.It may be defined as the apparent movement of patterns of brightness in a sequence of images. Optical flow is caused by both motion of the observer and by motion of objects in the scene. The Optical flow algorithm...

VLSI IMPLEMENTATION OF OPTIMIZED REVERSIBLE BCD ADDER

Ruchi Gupta, Shivangi Tyagi
Reversible logic has received great attention in the recent years due to their ability to reduce the power dissipation which is the main requirement in low power digital design. It has wide applications advanced computing, low power CMOS design, Optical information processing, DNA computing, bio information,...

Weighted Dynamic Bi-connected Group based Replica Allocation method for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks

Sweta Jain, Meenu Chawla, Nitin Gupta
Accessing remote services and data is one of the most important applications in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks. Data replication is one of the most popular techniques used to increase data availability by replicating frequently accessed data items locally or nearby. In MANETs, data replication...

Stacked Fractal Antenna Having Multiband With High Bandwidth

Nikhil Kumar Gupta, Sahil Bhasin, Varun Pahuja
This paper aims to optimize the multiband performance of a patch fractal antenna by varying the number of iterations of the Sierpinski’s carpet fractal and increasing number of layers of the patch. In this paper a Sierpinski’s carpet microstrip fractal antenna with three levels of...

DDC and DUC Filters in SDR platforms

RAVI KISHORE KODALI, SEETA RAMI REDDY KONDAPALLI, LAKSHMI BOPPANA
Software Defined Radio (SDR) platforms make use of Digital Down Converter (DDC) and Digital Up Converter (DUC), while performing baseband processing. In this paper, various filters being used in DDC as well as DUC sections of two different SDR platforms, USRPB100 and USRPN210 are considered. A simulation...

Intellegent Traffic Light Control System for Isolated Intersection Using Fuzzy Logic

JAVED ALAM, M. K. PANDEY, HUSAIN AHMED
Traffic is the major problem which every country faces because of the increase in number of vehicles throughout the world, particularly in large urban areas. Therefore the need arises for simulating and optimizing traffic control algorithms to better accommodate this...

Dynamic Performance Analysis of Three Phase Induction Motor with Single Phasing

Mohamed Samir, Gagan Singh, Nafees Ahmed, Husain Ahmed
Abstract Induction motors are the most widely used among the all available drives. Particularly squirrel cage motor are rugged, cheaper , lighter , smaller, more efficient requiring lower maintenance and can operate in explosive environment. Under normal operating condition...

Simulation of Recessed-Gate AlGaN-GaN DH-HEMT for Power Electronics Applications

YASHVIR SINGH, MOHIT PAYAL
The e ects of gate-recessing on the performance parameters in AlGaN/GaN/AlGaN double-heterojunction high electron amobility transistor are presented. The accuracy of simulations is veri ed by comparing the simulated characteristics with the reported measured data. The results show that a 12nm gate- recessed...

Design of Double-Spiral Microstrip Antenna Over a Rectangular Patch for Mobile and Wi-Max Applications

SANDEEP KUMAR VERMA, D.K. SRIVASTAVA, J.P. SAINI, D. S. CHAUHAN
The proposed microstrip antenna uses microstrip line feed technique. The proposed antenna has improved bandwidth over the structure with single spiral of similar dimensions. Here, Double- Spiral microstrip patch antenna has a bandwidth of 23.828 that lies between the range 1.926...

Thermography Based Hotspot Detection and Protection System

GURMEET SINGH, R.K. JARIAL, ANSHUL AGARWAL, SURESH KUMAR DOGRA
This paper is about the thermal diagnosis and control of electric machines or transformer using a Thermal image camera, color sensor, a microcontroller and a PLC. A color sensor is developed which respond to the colors of thermographic images and when overheating or Hot spot occurs...

Audio Visual Isolated Oriya Digit Recognition Using HMM and DWT

Astik Biswas, P.K. Sahu, Anirban Bhowmick, Mahesh Chandra
Automatic Speech Recognition (ASR) system performs well under restricted conditions but the performance degrades under noisy environment. Audio-visual features play an important role in ASR systems in presence of noise. In this paper Oriya isolated digit recognition system is designed using...

Comparing Delay Tolerant Network Routing Protocols for Optimizing L-Copies in Spray and Wait Routing for Minimum Delay

Anjula Mehto, Meenu Chawla
Delay Tolerant Network (DTN) is special type of wireless mobile ad hoc network characterized by intermittent connectivity, long or variable delay, asymmetric data rate and high error rates. In this paper we compare some of the well-known routing protocols namely Epidemic, Spray and Wait (SaW),...

Improvement of Bandwidth of Microstrip Patch Antenna by Multiple Notches

Munna Singh Kushwaha, M. Chandan, R.K. Prasad
In this paper we present a proposed design for rectangular micro strip patch antenna by cutting multiple notches. Using proposed antenna design and coaxial probe feeding at proper position, we will compare the resultant bandwidth with the previous results of normal rectangular, single...

Design of U Shaped Microstrip Patch Antenna for Dual Band Frequency Application

Paritosh Kumar, M. Chandan, R.K. Prasad
In this paper we present a proposed design for U shaped rectangular micro strip patch antenna. Using proposed antenna design and coaxial feeding techniques at proper position, we receive the resultant bandwidth as a dual band bandwidth. We are using IE3D simulation software for designing...

Challanges in Cementing Energy Efficiency Through Smartgrid in INDIA

ANAMIKA SINGH, PIYUSH VERMA
Whether electricity is a chattel or a premium non –core service The more beatifically this’ll justify, will restructure the way of transportation and the use of electricity, resultantly foster the gaining momentum concept called SMARTGRID. The Indian electric grid is suffering from the...

Super- efficient Equipment and Appliance developement (SEAD): Global Conjunction in Energy Efficiency

ANAMIKA SINGH, PIYUSH VERMA
Energy Efficiency Policy has been identified as a measure to tackle climate change related issues globally. SEAD is developed to promote the multi-country collaboration and for exchange of information and learnings on energy efficiency. To strengthen and nourish the energy efficiency...