Advances in Biological Sciences Research

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2271 articles
Proceedings Article

Body Condition Score Data of Holstein Dairy Cattle: Reproducibility and Trend across Measurements

Agus Susanto, Datta Dewi Purwantini, Setya Agus Santosa, Dewi Puspita Candrasari
Body condition score (BCS) data is generally scored by more than rater and the data is recorded several times after calving. The objective of the study was to quantify the reproducibility measurements among raters and its trend across time of measurements. The body condition score data of Holstein Cows...
Proceedings Article

The Effect of Fermented Completed Feed and Silage as a Forage Replacement in the Production and Milk Quality of Friesian Holstein Crossbred

M. Mirza Legawa, Ristianto Utomo, Cuk Tri Noviandi, Andriyani Astuti
This research was intended to identify the effect of fermented completed feed and silage as a forage replacement in the production and milk quality of Friesian Holstein crossbred. This research was used 6 of 3rd-6th month lactating dairy cows on average weight 386.2±30.3 kg. The study consisted of 3...
Proceedings Article

Manipulative Reduction Splint External Fixation for the Treatment of Distal Radius Fractures

Yongming Tao
Objective: To analyze the clinical effect of manual reduction splint external fixation in the treatment of distal radius fractures. Methods: From February 2014 to June 2017, 100 patients with distal radius fractures treated in our hospital were selected and divided into two groups according to the treatment...
Proceedings Article

Extracellular Potential Recording of Patterned Rat Olfactory Bulb Neuronal Network Using Planar Microelectrode Arrays

Jian TIAN, Chunlong TU, Bobo HUANG, Xuesong YE
The olfactory bulb is an important structure in olfactory information processing. Exploring electrophysiological characteristics of dissected olfactory bulb neuron in vitro is helpful to improving the understanding of the mechanism of the olfactory information processing. In this work, a novel neural...
Proceedings Article

Land Suitability Modelling of Agricultural Geographical Indication Products under Climate Change Scenarios

Rizky Brisha Nuary, Rahmat Setiyono, Anggoro Cahyo Sukartiko
As a response to the geographical environment, agricultural land suitability is one of the determining factors for the distinctive quality of agricultural geographical indication products, including coffee sector. The sustainability toward its land suitability is required, considering that the status...
Proceedings Article

Microbial Enzymes: A Summary Focusing on Biotechnology Prospective for Combating Industrial Pollutants

Debosmita Sikdar, Ivy Kanungo, Dipanwita Das
Environmental issues are growing at an alarming rate and addressing the same is the need of the hour. Hazardous industrial pollutants and discharges are adding to the misery. Therefore, new ideas and technologies are being created and adopted to deal with ever increasing conservational troubles. Due...
Proceedings Article

Physiological Response of Shallots (Allium ascalonicum L.) to Inoculation of Diazotrophic Bacteria

Dwi Okti Lestari, Eny Rokhminarsi, Purwanto
This research was aimed to study the effect of diazotrophic bacteria application on nitrogen uptake, chlorophyll content and rate of assimilation in shallot. The research was carried out in a screen house Experimental Farm and the Laboratory of Agronomy and Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, Jenderal...
Proceedings Article

The Significance of Restoring the Traditional Diet of Chinese People from the High Incidence of Modern Diseases

Bao-song LIU, Meng-fan PENG, Yan-yan MIAO, Ming BAI, Ming-San MIAO
From the reform and opening up in 1979 to the year of twenty-first Century, China's economy has been growing rapidly,and great changes have taken place in people's traditional eating habits. Gradually westernized modern diet has become one of the main reasons ,which leading the incidence of many chronic...
Proceedings Article

How Impact Exchange Rate to Processed Food Industry in Indonesia

Indra Suhendra, Navik Istikomah
This Paper employs a series method to measure exchange rate to the price of food industries. We use Purchasing Power Parity as our theoretical basis to demonstrate exchange rate fluctuation. The regression model, derived from the theoretical model, gives the statistically robust result to show that years...
Proceedings Article

Descriptive Assessment of Coordination Between Veterinary and Public Health Centers in Responding Report of Potential Rabies Animal Bites at Bener Meriah, Aceh

Teuku Reza Ferasyi, Al Azhar, Erwin Erwin, Awaluddin Awaluddin, Rezky Ramadhan, Agus Nurza
A high case of potential rabid animal bites human is reported in Bener Meriah Regency of Aceh, Indonesia. The application of one health concept in controlling rabies is important at least by providing identical data of potential rabid animal bites in the veterinary (VHC) and public health (PHC) centers....
Proceedings Article

Characteristics of Fruit Wine from Several Types of Banana with Various Types of Yeast

Melanie Cornelia, Vanessa, Titri S. Mastuti, Reynaldi Kurniawan
Banana is a fruit that is ranked the highest of production in Indonesia with complete nutritional value. However, they can undergo rapid deterioration in quality with a relatively short shelf life. Fermentation is considered as an interesting and simple method of reducing post-harvest loss of highly...
Proceedings Article

The Effect of Using Different Levels of Cassava Flour and Cassava Wastes on Dry Matter and Organic Matter Degradation and Rumen Fermentation Products in Vitro of Cassava-Based Concentrates

Miftahul Hasanah, Kusmartono Kusmartono, Mashudi Mashudi, Poespitasari Hazanah Ndaru
This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of using different levels of cassava flour and cassava wastes on dry matter and organic matter degradation, efficiency of microbial protein synthesis (EMPS) and ammonia (NH3). The seven treatments from this study are P1 = maize stover 20% + cassava flour...
Proceedings Article

Brightness of Koi Carp (Cyprinus carpio) Juveniles Reared in Tanks with Different Coloured Backgrounds

Samliok Ndobe, Madinawati, Abdul Gani, Indah Surya Luvi Sangkota, Desiana Trisnawati Tobigo, Jusri Nilawati, Septina Fifi Mangitung
Colour is an important indicator of ornamental fish beauty and value. The koi carp (Cyprinus carpio) is a valuable ornamental fish commodity and is in high demand because of its beauty, colour, and attractive body shape. Colour is an important factor in koi carp which are commonly red, white, yellow,...
Proceedings Article

Effect of Mycorrhizal Provision at Different Watering Levels and Frequency on Nutrient production of Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench)

Yustus Serani No Mbeong, Nafiatul Umami, Chusnul Hanim, Andriyani Astuti, Muhlisin Muhlisin
Sorghum is a cereal crop that has the potential to be developed as an animal feed crop. This study aimed to determine the effect of giving mycorrhizal fungi at different levels (0, 10 grams, and 20 grams/plant) and different watering frequencies (every day, 4 days, 8 days) on the morphology and the production...
Proceedings Article

Obtaining and Characterization of Volatile Oils from Aromatic Plants

Lidia-Ioana Virchea, Cecilia Georgescu, Monica Mironescu
The aim of this study was to extract the volatile oils from some aromatic plants and to investigate their antimicrobial and antioxidant activities. The volatile oils were isolated from dried parts of plants by hydro distillation using a neo-Clevenger apparatus. The volatile oils of basil (Ocimum basilicum),...
Proceedings Article

Parasitoids of Gall Inducers on Eucalyptus Clones in Mount Mutis, East Nusa Tenggara Province

Betari Safitri, Lindung Tri Puspasari, Damayanti Buchori, Purnama Hidayat
Insect gall inducers are important pests on eucalyptus that formed galls on leaves, twigs, and roots. Many eucalyptus clones have been cultivated and planted for timber production in Sumatera. A study of eucalyptus clone resistance to leaf galls was done in Mt. Mutis, East Nusa Tenggara Province. One...
Proceedings Article

Characteristics of Lactic Acid Bacterium Which are Isolated From Pineapple Pickles, Cucumber and Carrots

Indra Hartanto, Resti Fevria, Vauzia
Pickles are made from a mixture of chunks of pineapple, cucumber and carrot with addition of 2.5 percent salt, 2.5% sugar and 2.5% cayenne papper. Pickles are served as a side dish at restaurants, which serve fried foods or meats such as mutton, soto and fried rice. Besides the unique taste of pickles,...
Proceedings Article

Production of Bacillibactin Siderophore from Soil Bacteria, Bacillus subtilis: A Bioinoculant Enhances Plant Growth in Arachis hypogaea L. Through Elevated Uptake of Nutrients

S Lalitha, S Nithyapriya
Siderophores are iron chelator low molecular weight secondary metabolite produced by microorganisms found in limited iron environment. In this study, a bacterium capable of secreting siderophores was isolated from the iron deficiency rhizosphere agriculture soil from Salem district, Tamil Nadu, India....
Proceedings Article

Lipid Production from Zygosaccharomyces siamensis AP1 Using Glycerol as a Carbon Source

M. Ilmi, M. Siswontoro
Yeasts are considered as potential lipid producer because they are easy to cultivate, able to grow in high cell densities and can produce high concentrations of lipids. Previously we had isolated a promising lipid producing yeast, Zygosaccharomyces siamensis AP1, from wild honey of Central Sulawesi,...
Proceedings Article

The Diversity of Indigenous Mushrooms Grow on Decomposed Oil Palm Empty Fruits Bunch at Palm Oil Plantation in Paser Regency, Indonesia

Masitah, Krishna Purnawan Candra, Muhammad Amir Masruhim, Pintaka Kusumaningtyas
The community nearby palm oil plantations have benefited from the indigenous mushroom growing on decomposed oil palm empty fruit bunches (OPEFB). Some mushrooms are edible, but others are known as non-edible due to their toxicity. There is limited scientific information about the biodiversity of indigenous...
Proceedings Article

Application of Bokashi, Vermicompost, and Residue of Coffee Testa Bioconversion by Black Soldier Fly (Hermetia illucens) on the Production of Japanese Cucumber (Luffa acutangula)

Ramadhani Eka Putra, Rilvi Abilia Tesa, Mia Rosmiati, Angga Dwiartama
Japanese cucumber (Cucumis sativus) is one of the high-value crops cultivated by farmers at small farms in Sumedang, West Java. The preferences of the customer to health and organic cucumber encourage the development of an organic cultivation system for this crop. One of the most important components...
Proceedings Article

Estimation of Bali Cattle Population Dynamics in the South Konawe Regency, Southeast Sulawesi

Ahmat Endang Two Sulfiar, Alek Ibrahim, Bayu Andri Atmoko, Budi Guntoro, I Gede Suparta Budisatria
The central government determined South Konawe Regency as a national beef cattle development area and a source area for national Bali cattle breeds. This study aims to estimate the population dynamics of Bali cattle in South Konawe Regency in the coming year. This research was conducted in July-August...
Proceedings Article

In Vitro Anthelmintic Activity of Limonia acidissima, L. Leaves Aqueous Extract on Haemonchus contortus (Rudolphi, 1803)

Muh. Andhi Hardianto, Slamet Widiyanto
Mortality, loss of production, slowed growth, poor weight gain, and even death are all common economic losses caused by haemonchosis. Due to the emergence of anthelmintic resistance and the expensive expense of chemical anthelmintic treatments, medicinal plants have been investigated as potential anthelmintics....
Proceedings Article

Mathematical Modelling in Agricultural Systems in Indonesia: A Case Study of Modelling in Predicting Production and Consumption Corn to Reach Corn Self-Sufficiency

Romli Ardie, Mukhtar, Cecep Anwar Hadi Firdos Santosa, Sholih, Nana Hendracipta
The study forecasting has been undertaken to fit different trend equations like time series models for corn and also made the future forecasts. The study was carried out in Indonesia using time series data from 1986 to 2017. Forecasting time series is a need in the agriculture sector or other fields....
Proceedings Article

SWOT Analysis in Determining the Management Strategy of Rendani River Catchment Area in Manokwari District

Bernadetta M.G. Sadsoeitoeboen, Marlon Ivanhoe Aipassa, Muhammad Sumaryono, Yohanes Budi Sulistioadi
The establishment of a new status for the Wosi Rendani forest area, which was previously a protected forest, has become an area for other uses, causing the area to become more open, as evidenced by changes in the land cover and the land use. On the one hand, the Rendani River is a source of clean water...
Proceedings Article

Performance of Nutmeg (Myristica fragrans) Post Harvest and Marketing in East Halmahera Regency

Asmanur Jannah, Sari Anggarawati, Sunardi Sunardi, Isnain Turuy
Nutmeg (Myristica fragrans) is an evergreen tree indigenous to Banda Island of Indonesia. In 2018 nutmeg production in Indonesia was 36,242 tons from 202,325 ha land, whereas the biggest production from the center production i.e. North Maluku Province. The aim of the study was to determine the performance...
Proceedings Article

Response Germination of Kuranji Acid Seed (Dialium Indum L.) to Scarification and Concentration of Potassium Nitrate (KNO3)

A. M. Kartina, Fitria Riany Eris, Puput Harjanti
Kuranji acid is a plant that naturally grows in the mountains of tropical forests. It has tough seeds. Therefore, it is necessary to break seed dormancy. This research was aimed to know the response Germination of kuranji acid seed (Dialium indum L.) to scarification and concentration of potassium nitrate...
Proceedings Article

Seed Coating Application on the Quality of Rice Seeds, Shallot TSS Seeds, Red Chili Seeds, and Cucumber Seeds

Ida Retno Moeljani, Rossyda Priyadarshini, Yenny Wuryandari
Low production of rice and horticultural crops can be caused by the limited supply of high quality seeds. The quality can be seen from the moisture content, viability value and seed vigor. One of the efforts that can be made to maintain or improve seed quality is seed coating technology. This study aims...
Proceedings Article

Farmers’ Motivation in Controlling White Tip Disease (Phytoptora porri) of Shallot (Allium cepa) in Onanrunggu District, Samosir Regency, Indonesia

Mahmudah Mahmudah, M. Jufri, Yuliana Kansriri, Ameilia Zuliyanti Siregar, Jhon Rizki Oktomi Purba
The shallot is the beneficial plantation for future in our community. This extension study aims to find out; (1) the motivation of farmers in controlling white tip disease (Phytoptora porri) of shallot (Allium cepa); (2) to examine the factors that influence farmers’ motivation in controlling white tip...
Proceedings Article

A Novel Approach to Reduce Fat-Uptake in Fried Chicken Using Edible Coating

Lovie Matthews, Daniel Ananey-Obiri, Seyed Vali Hosseini, Reza Tahergorabi
In this study, edible coatings of various concentrations (5, 10, and 15%) were prepared from chicken protein isolate using isoelectric solubilization/precipitation (ISP). A commercial batter (Louisiana Chicken Fry Batter Mix) and a cornstarch-based batter were used. Chicken breast samples coated, battered...
Proceedings Article

PLS-DA Infrared Spectra Model of Citrus Leaves for the Characterization of Citrus Huanglongbing

Dongmei Chen, Xuejuan Lv, Huatang Wang, Jiali Liu, Xinnian Zeng
Citrus huanglongbing disease is an important disease of citrus species, which leads to the change of chemical composition in leaves. The infrared technique may be advantageous to characterize the chemical differences between Huanglongbing infected and healthy leaves rapidly and nondestructively. In this...
Proceedings Article

Clinical Effect of Xuefu Zhuyu Tang Combined with Atorvastatin on Hypertension Complicated with Coronary Heart Disease

Kaihua Long, Xiaojia Hu, Chunliu Wang, Ye Li
Objective: To investigate the clinical efficacy of Rueful Zhou decoction combined with atorvastatin in the treatment of hypertension complicated by coronary heart disease. Method: Randomly January 2017 - December 2017 96 cases of coronary heart disease in patients with hypertension complicated hospital...
Proceedings Article

MRS and DTI Study in Cognitive Deficit in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Lan-Mei Chen, Yuan Xu, Hai-Du Zhang, Wen-Bin Zheng
To investigate the cognitive function in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) by 1H magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI). We studied forty-one patients with T2DM and the other group of thirty-five healthy control subjects by MRS and DTI. A region of interest...
Proceedings Article

Isolation and Characterization of Lactic Acid Bacteria (Lactobacillus sp.) From Sauerkraut

Resti Fevria, Indra Hartanto
Sauerkraut is fermented product based on cabbage with the addition of 2.5 percent salt. Sauerkraut can last a long time and has a pretty acidic taste, this is caused by lactic acid bacteria that form during fermentation. Fermentation is a part of biotechnology that uses microorganisms as the main actors...
Proceedings Article

Histopathological Changes in the Gills of Oreochromis mossambicus Exposed to Mercury Chloride (HgCl2)

Dwinna Aliza, Amalia Sutriana, Nazaruddin Nazaruddin, Teuku Armansyah, Etriwati Etriwati, Muhammad Hanafiah, Hafizuddin Hafizuddin, Denny Irmawati Hasan, Awaluddin Awaluddin, Binti Ulfa
Most of the fish deaths caused by pollutants demonstrate gills damage, since it located outside the body that directly exposed to water as a medium of life, thus this organ is the first to be affected if pollutants contaminated water environment. The objective of this research was to find out histopathological...
Proceedings Article

Evaluation of the Ethyl Acetate Extract of the Roots of Avicennia marina as Potential Anticancer Drug

Immanuel B. Tanjung, Norma N. Azizah, Ade Arsianti, Amalda S Anisa, Kholis A Audah
In this modern age cancer is still a prevalent disease. Even with advancements of technology, current treatments for cancer still have various side-effects that sometimes create more harm to the patient. A complete solution for cancer is still not found yet. Recently, mangroves were shown to be promising...
Proceedings Article

The Effect of Bajakah Tampala Stem (Spatholobus littoralis Hassk) Extract on Clotting Time in Vitro

Noza N. Moyananda, Rachmad P. Armanto, Mariana Wahjudi
Wounds that are not treated immediately will have a risk for the patient; the risk is infection. The risk of this infection can be reduced by stopping the bleeding as soon as possible. One way to accelerate the bleeding to stop is by giving haemostatic agents. One source of this haemostatic agent can...
Proceedings Article

Natural Enemy of Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in Palu Valley, Central Sulawesi

Alam Anshary, Nur Edy, Flora Pasaru
In order to identify Spodoptera frugiperda Smith & Abbot (Lepidoptera: Noctuidaenatural)'s enemies and quantify the prevalence and percentage of parasitism, all instars of this insect were collected in maize (corn) fields throughout six locales in the Palu Valley, Central Sulawesi, in 2021....
Proceedings Article

The Effect of Total Mixture Concentrate Based on Tofu Waste Silage as Feed on Performance of Lambs

Yafri Hazbi, Zaenal Bachruddin, Nafiatul Umami, Lies Mira Yusiati
This study to identify the benefits of total mixture concentrate based on tofu waste silage (TMC-TWS) as ratio containing lactic acid bacteria on the performance. Fifteen weaning lambs (2-3 months old) randomly divided into two treatment groups, treatment group I (TI) fed with TMC-TWS as ration and treatment...
Proceedings Article

Effect of Palm Kernel Cake (PKC) Inclusion and Multi-Enzyme Supplementation on Layer Performances

Agustin Herliatika, Arnold Parlindungan Sinurat, Tuti Haryati, Ivone Subeni
Palm kernel cake (PKC) has been used in poultry diets with limited amounts to decrease the feed cost. An experiment was designed to study the effect of PKC inclusion and the addition of a commercial multi-enzyme (DGDP) into diets of laying hens. A control diet without PKC and a diet with 10% PKC was...
Proceedings Article

Plasmapheresis for Comprehensive Treatment of Surgical Sepsis in Dogs

Ilya Volodin, Aleksandr Bezin, Alevtin Miftakhutdinov, Tatyana Shnyakina, Aleksandr Shudrik, Svetlana Kontsevaya, Viktor Bezin
The paper dwells upon treatment of surgical sepsis in dogs by extracorporeal detoxification. Data were sampled from 32 dogs of various breeds, aged 4 to 12, weighing 20 to 68 kilogram, treated against surgical sepsis at the Panacea Veterinary Hospital, Chelyabinsk; the dogs were divided into the experimental...
Proceedings Article

ITS and Trnl-F Sequences Analysis of Pulsatilla.Dahurica (Fisch.) Spr.

Tiantian WANG, Guanzhun LIN, Shaoxuan ZHANG, Yarong LI
To provide scientific data of the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) and trnL-F sequences for the authentication of Pulsatilla chinesis (Bge.) Regel., we extracted the genome DNA from the leaves of Pulsatilla.dahurica (Fisch.) Spr., collected in Jilin Province, amplified the ITS and trnL-F region using...
Proceedings Article

Pattern of Hymenopteran Parasitoid Community in Oil Palm Plantations: Effects of Age Gradient or Sampling Methods?

Bandung Sahari, Ali Nurmansyah, Syafrida Manuwoto, Damayanti Buchori
In oil palm plantations, there is age gradient that is expected to affect pattern of Hymenopteran parasitoid community. The aim of the research is to evaluate effects of age gradient of oil palm plantations on community of hymenopteran parasitoid. Approximately, six blocks representing three different...
Proceedings Article

Yield Results Evaluation of Local Coffee Clones Tanggamus – Lampung

Rr. Ernawati, Nila Wardani, Agung Lasmono, Meidaliyantisyah, Dian Meithasari
Superior varieties are one of the components that play an important role in increasing agricultural products. One of the efforts to increase the production of coffee plants, among others, is introducing several local coffee clones that can be used as options in the development of coffee cultivation....
Proceedings Article

Students’ Metacognitive Skill Level of Biology Education Study Program

Helendra Helendra, Lufri Lufri, Elizar Elizar
Students require metacognitive skills to be able to learn autonomously and deliberately plan, monitor, and assess their learning process in order to get the most out of their learning experiences. For lectures to design effective learning tactics, it is critical to understand the level of students'...
Proceedings Article

Effect of Nutmeg (Myristica fragrans Houtt) Leaves Tannin on in Vitro Fermentation Parameters and Methane Mitigation

M Canadianti, L M Yusiati, C Hanim
This research aimed to find out the effect of addition nutmeg (Myristica fragrans Houtt) leaves tannin on in vitro microbial protein, total protozoa, ammonia concentration (NH3), and methane (CH4) production. Materials used in this research were nutmeg (Myristica fragrans Houtt) leaves as a source of...
Proceedings Article

Nanozymes for Neurodegenerative Diseases

Divyansh Yadav, Seema Nara
Neurodegenerative diseases are incurable diseases that get worse as time passes. These diseases are very heterogeneous in nature but have common characteristics like abnormal deposition of protein, glycation, inflammation in particular areas of the brain, and progressive neuronal loss due to oxidative...
Proceedings Article

The Effect of Storage Time on Physical Quality of Vegetable Tanned Goat Leather

Yoga Nurichsanto, Ambar Pertiwiningrum, Nanung Agus Fitriyanto, Viagian Pastawan
The study aimed to investigate the effect of storage time on the physical properties of vegetable-tanned goat leather. We divided the storage time into three treatments, namely P0 (0 months), P1 (3 months), and P3 (12 months). The observation parameters for investigation included tensile strength, elongation,...
Proceedings Article

Thinking of Toxicology in Chinese Medicine

Xu ZHANG, Yan-yan MIAO, Ming-san MIAO, Tian-yuan LIU, Tao ZHANG, Cai-ling FENG
This paper summarizes the research achievements of predecessors in the field of toxicology of Chinese medicine, discusses the new understanding of the toxicity of Chinese medicine from the aspects of the toxicity of Chinese medicine, the application of the toxicity of Chinese medicine and the trend of...
Proceedings Article

Seed Independence Efforts in Mojokerto District, East Java, to Support the Soybean Self-Sufficiency Program

Rohmad Budiono, Handoko, Gatut Wahyu Anggoro Susanto, Kartika Noerwijati
Soybean is an important food commodity that has very large market potential and its needs continue to increase. For the sake of achieving self-sufficiency in soybeans, one important factor is the availability of scatter seeds. Provision of appropriate soybean seeds has a strategic role as a means of...
Proceedings Article

The Digestive Tract of Lohman Chicken

Effects of Given Drinking Uronic Acid Extraction from Sargassum crassifolium

Veybe G. Kereh, Ivonne M. Untu, Cherly Y. Pontoh
The use of antibiotic in poultry is not allowed due to its potential of bacterial resistance and its potential of residue in the poultry products. Brown seaweed (Sargassum crassifolium) contains sugar, sulphate, and uronic vitriol which display antibacterial and antiviral activities. This research aims...
Proceedings Article

Developing RAPD-derived SCAR (Sequence Characterized Amplified Region) Marker for Flowering Time in Chili Pepper

Estri Laras Arumingtyas, Bunga Rizky Elfa Agustina, Joni Kusnadi
The selection step of plant breeding is a crucial stage in the process of developing new varieties which usually take a considerable long time in a conventional breeding. The development of molecular markers for selection has been carried out to reduce the time required. A Sequence Characterized Amplified...
Proceedings Article

Karyotype Analysis of Brassica Napus CV. Huayou No.2

Bo Sun, Xue Xia, Yuxiao Tian, Fen Zhang, Haoru Tang
Brassica napus is one of the important oil crops in the world and has important economic value, B. napus cv. Huayou No.2 has excellent characteristics of resistance to lodging and disease, and has been widely cultivated in all provinces of the Yangtze River Basin and Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau in China....
Proceedings Article

Amount of Total Protein and fluctuating asymmetry of Betula pendula in Various Ecological Conditions

Tatyana Vostrikova, Olga Zemlyanukhina, Vladislav Kalaev
The study was made about parameters of fluctuating asymmetry of the birch leaf blade and amount of total soluble protein of the seed progeny of Betula pendula in areas of Central Black Earth Region in different environmental conditions. The environmental impact on trees of weeping birch and its seed...
Proceedings Article

Microencapsulation of DHA Algal Oil by Spray Drying

Wenyao SHAO, Mengwen YAN, Quanling XIE, Xueshan PAN
The aim of this study is to evaluate and optimize the influence of process conditions on the microencapsulation of DHA algal oil by spray drying, while using whey protein isolate (WPI) and maltodextrin (MD) as wall material. Emulsion stability was analyzed. Microencapsulation efficiency, surface oil...
Proceedings Article

The Validity of Interactive Learning Multimedia on Protista and Fungi Materials for Senior High School

E Wulandari, Azwir Anhar
The difficulties faced by the students in studying protista and fungi materials based on the result of the interview were in understanding the life cycle, finding and observing the species objects. This type of research was a design and development by using the Plomp model. This study was aimed at finding...
Proceedings Article

Value Added Analysis in the Processing Business of Palm Plant Products (Arenga pinnata Merr) in Minta Village, Penyinggahan District, West Kutai Regency

Tetty Wijayanti, M. Erwan Suriatmaja, Hepi Hepi
Sugar palm is one of the plantation crop commodities that has a high potential economic value. Almost all parts of the palm plant can be used, starting from the roots, leaves, stems, fruit, and palm fiber. The purpose of this study was to analyze the income and added values of the palm processing business...
Proceedings Article

Variation of Surface Soil Characteristics in Landslide Deposition Areas Based on Landslide Activities and Slope Position in Bompon Sub-Watershed, Magelang

Heni Ratna Sari, Nur Ainun H. J. Pulungan, Junun Sartohadi
The physical characteristics of the surface soil are the crucial soil characteristics related to landslides. They can cause landslides and change due to landslides. The physical characteristics of the surface soil in agricultural land play an important role in providing nutrients and as a medium for...
Proceedings Article

Agroclimate Zone Analysis and Its Relationship with Rice and Tobacco Productivity in Temanggung District

Rifqiya Nur Aisyah, Emilya Nurjani, Utia Suarma
Temanggung Regency’s rice and tobacco production, in particular, were greatly impacted by the quantity and quality of the weather, particularly rainfall. In order to create a map of the agroclimatic zone, this study employed rainfall data from CHIRPS with a data length of 30 years. The data was then...
Proceedings Article

The Study of Antibacterial and Antioxidant Activities of Styrax Leaves Fermentation by Aspergillus niger

Sam Muehl Sejahtera Naiborhu, Adelina Manurung, Merry Meryam Martgrita
Styrax leave is a part of Styrax plant that can be used as medicine because it contains potential antibacterial and antioxidant bioactive components. Fermentation has been known increasing antibacterial and antioxidant activity of herbal plants. Aspergillus niger is one of fermentation agents that can...
Proceedings Article

The Influence of Community Empowerment Elements and the Role of Farmer Groups on Community Empowerment

Dwi Susilowati, Lia Rohmatul Maula, Siti Ulin Nafiqoh
The elements of community empowerment and the role of farmer groups are very important in increasing community development. This study was aimed to 1) identify elements of community empowerment and the role of farmer groups in community empowerment, and 2) analyze the influence of elements of empowerment...
Proceedings Article

Coagulation Factor XII –A Key Pro-Inflammatory and Pro-Coagulant Protein

Shan-Shan Wang, Jin-Wen Ge, Shao-Wu Cheng
Coagulation factor XII (FXII) is a multidomain serine protease that is the starter of intrinsic coagulation pathway. FXII deficiency and clinical hemostasis are not associated with bleeding, so investigators have not considered FXII important in physiology for a long time. In seeking explanation for...
Proceedings Article

Analysis of Consumer Knowledge and Needs For Herbal Information

Oeke Yunita, Erlin Theterissa
Worldwide, the use of herbal medications is still growing quickly as more customers turn to these treatments for a variety of health issues. It is projected that the global market for Indonesian traditional medicinal products, of which more than half are herbal medicines, will grow. Unfortunately, there...
Proceedings Article

Designing a Waste Power Plant (PLTSA) Prototype Based on the Type of Waste as a Renewable Energy Source

Nur Rani Alham, Restu Mukti Utomo, Tantra Diwa Larasati, Muslimin, Ade Kurniawan, R. S. Muhammad Yusril, Umar Faruq Al-Afifi
Renewable electricity from waste is one of the solution to overcome the problem of the energy crisis of fossil fuels and solutions to reduce the increasing waste population in Indonesia. The abundance of rubbish in Indonesia with the existence of Waste plant can produce enough electricity and can also...
Proceedings Article

The Effects of Fermenters and Incubation Periods on the Chemical Composition of Mixtures of Rice Bran and Water Hyacinth Leaves Meals

Wahyu Karyani, Syamsuhaidi Syamsuhaidi, K.G. Wiryawan
Rice bran is a feed material that is commonly given to poultry, but the amount of its use is relatively low because of its high fiber content. Water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) leaf has a chemical composition similar to rice bran and its availability is abundant but its quality as feed material for...
Proceedings Article

The Identification of Default Mode Network in Rhesus Macaque Using Resting-State fMRI

Xiao-Wei Fu, Cheng-Zhen Guo, Peng-Cheng Li, Dan-Zhou Yang, Ying Zhang
To investigate Default Mode Network (DMN) in healthy rhesus monkey brain using Resting-State functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (RS-fMRI). Under anesthesia, two healthy rhesus macaques underwent RS-fMRI at 7.0T using equal imaging parameters. The functional images were first spatially normalized to...
Proceedings Article

The Potential of Microbes Isolated from Spent Substrate of Shiitake and Oyster Mushrooms to Induce Resistance Against Early Blight Disease in Tomatoes

N Istifadah, L Herawati
Early blight disease caused by Alternaria solani is an important disease in tomatoes. An environmentally friendly control measure is the use of organic matter, such as spent mushroom substrates (SMS). SMS controls plant diseases primarily through microbial activity that can inhibit the pathogen. The...
Proceedings Article

The Influence of Gonadotropin Hormone for Improvement Litter Size of Palu Local Sheep

Yohan Rusiyantono, Rusdien, Ismail Wumbu
The aim of this study was to increased of the litter size and reproduction performance with superovulation and artificial insemination treatments. The results obtained who performed estrus synchronization in ewes with the percentage of estrus occurring were 100%; 90.8% and 92%, respectively, Based on...
Proceedings Article

Effect of Sex on Rumen Fermentation Characteristics and Enzyme Activities of Garut Sheep

Chusnul Hanim, Lies Mira Yusiati, Titi Widya Ningrum
This study aims to determine effect of sex on ruminal fermentation characteristics and enzyme activities in Garut sheep. Twelve Garut sheep (6 females and 6 males) were used. The sheep were about twelve months old with an average initial body weight of 25±2 kg, and were divided into two groups according...
Proceedings Article

The Impact of the Enactment of the Wosi Rendani Forest Zone Status on the Condition of the Rendani River Catchment Area in Manokwari Regency

Bernadetta M. G. Sadsoeitoeboen, Marlon Ivanhoe Aipassa, Muhammad Sumaryono, Yohanes Budi Sulistioadi
The impact of changing the status of forest zone in Wosi Rendani to become a non-forest zone also causes changes in a forest coverage zone, forest conversion, and its subsequent consequences. This was marked by the rapid housing development in the zone, which impacted water function changes in the Rendani...
Proceedings Article

Anti-Inflammation Activity of Ethyl Acetate Extract of Malacca Leaves (Phyllanthus emblica)

Nuzul Asmilia, Teuku Armansyah, Herrialfian Herrialfian, Rinidar, Abdul Harris, Arman Sayuti, Nazaruddin, Cindy Ary Ristanti, Indriana Oktavani
This study aims to evaluate the anti-inflammation activity of ethyl acetate extract of Malacca leaf (Phyllanthus emblica) in mice. The study used 25 mice which were induced by subcutaneous injection of 1 % carrageenan. The mice were divided into 5 treatment groups: K1 was negative control, K2 (positive...
Proceedings Article

Utilization of Banana Peel for Bioethanol Production Using Baker’s Yeast Starter

Dedy Eko Rahmanto, Deny Arizal, Nurhayati Nurhayati
Research on the second generation of bioethanol production continues to be developed in the world. Second generation bioethanol has been produced from non starch substrates like cellulose, hemicellulose and bounded lignin as raw material. This research produced bioethanol using Ambon banana peels that...
Proceedings Article

The Effect of Pre-cooling and Cold Storage on the Shelf Life of Betel Fruit (Piper Betel)

Widyaningrum Widyaningrum, Nurtania Sudarmi
Betel nut (Piper betel) is a fruit that is widely consumed by people in Papua which is combined with lime and areca nut in the tradition of eating areca nut. However, this Betel fruit is quickly damaged and rotten. The purpose of this study was to increase the shelf life and maintain the quality of betel...
Proceedings Article

Water Balance Evaluation towards Cropping Index Enhancement in Belanti II Swamp Irrigation Area, Central Kalimantan

Romorajausia, Joko Sujono, Taryono
Cropping season pattern which has been implemented in Belanti II Swamp Irrigation Area is two cropping seasons (IP2), however there are no water management analysis yet in terms of water availability and needs to apply three cropping seasons (IP3). Through this study, water availability and needs which...
Proceedings Article

The Relative Weight Accessory Organ of Lohman Chicken Given Uronic Acid Addition in Drinking Water

J.W.H. Rembang, V.G. Kereh, C.L.K. Sarayar, T.F.D. Lumi
The goal of this study was to see how uronic acid isolated from Sargassum crassifolium affected the accessory organs of Lohman hens. Sargassum crassifolium is a non-starch polysaccharide source that contains various crude fibres and bioactive substances that impact the accessory organ process in laying...
Proceedings Article

UV Protectant Ability of Attacus atlas L. (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae) Sericin Extract to Increase Nucleopolyhedrovirus Effectiveness against Beet Army Worm, Spodoptera exigua (Hübner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)

Hana Widiawati, Sukirno Sukirno, Siti Sumarmi, Hari Purwanto, R.C. Hidayat Soesilohadi, Ignatius Sudaryadi
Spodoptera exigua (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) is the common pest known for attacking shallot crop. Baculovirus (Nucleopolyhedrovirus: NPV) is a biological agent that is widely used as the pest control agent. However, the activity of NPV is deteriorated when applied in the field due to the influence of ultraviolet...
Proceedings Article

Research on Application of Anterolateral Thigh Perforator Flap to Repair Wounds of Hand and Foot

Yongming Tao, Yanhong Liu
Purpose: Analysis the Clinical curative effect of the therapy that transfer the Perforator Flaps free-graft of anterior-medial side of thigh for foot and hand trauma. Methods: We selected 24 hands or foot trauma cases, which were treated with therapy that transfer the Perforator Flaps free-graft of anterior-medial...
Proceedings Article

Expediency of "FITOS" BAA Nutritional Intervention in the Diet of Laying Hens

Olga Yastrebova, Ivan Boyko, Svetlana Kontsevaya, Alexander Dobudko, Viacheslav Syrovitskiy, Pavel Gorodov
The influence of "FITOS" BAA on the natural resistance of laying hens and their productivity was studied. It was found that it improves the physiological state of the chickens and increases egg production.
Proceedings Article

New Distribution Record of Ants Species (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) to the Fauna of Sumatra Island, Indonesia

Rijal Satria, Henny Herwina
The Sumatra Island have a high diversity of ants and part of Sunda Shelf. The high diversity of ants in Sumatra Island was recorded in the previous studies. The present study was added more species to the list of Sumatran ants. Five species of ants were recorded from the Sumatra Island and consider as...
Proceedings Article

Growth Response and Yield of Nero Lacinato Kale Plant (Brassica oleracea var. Palmifolia) on Composition of Planting Media and Liquid Organic Fertilizer (POC) Dosage of Golden Snail

Retno Sulistiyowati, Aprilia Hartanti, Mimik Umi Zuhroh, Sakinatul Mudawamah
Kale is one of the family plants with collard, cabbage, and broccoli, but not well known by the people because not many farmers have cultivated this plant, but the demand for kale plants continues to increase. This study aims to determine the composition of planting media and the dose of gold snail liquid...
Proceedings Article

Fungicidal Potential of Essential Oils in Organic Corn Grains during Storage

Jianmei Yu, Esther Iwayemi, Ivana Pedroso, Nona Mikiashvili
Mold and mycotoxin contamination of cereal grains not only affect human and animal health but also have a significant economic impact on cereal growers and food processors due to grain loss and product recall. Synthetic fumigant is usually used to control mold growth during grain storage, but it is not...
Proceedings Article

The Rearing of Microplitis manilae (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) on Spodoptera litura Fabricius (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) Feed Different Diets

Adha Sari
A good rearing method is one of the keys in successful biological control practices. This also applied on biological control of Spodoptera litura Fabricius (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). The objective of this study is to observe the development of Microplitis (Snellanius) manilae (Hymenoptera: Braconidae)...
Proceedings Article

Potential Contribution of Dark-Septate Endophytic Fungus Isolated From Pulau Dua Nature Reserve, Banten on Growth Promotion of Chinese Cabbage

Rida Oktorida Khastini, Roihatul Jannah
Root endophytic fungi are found in natural ecosystems, but little is known about their impact on plant growth. This study reports the impact of the three isolates of dark septate endophytic fungi isolated from Pulau Dua Sanctuary, Banten on its potential activity in Chinese cabbage growth. In vitro assay...
Proceedings Article

Antimicrobial Activity of Metabolites from Chaetomium to Control Root Rot (Phytophthora parasitica) and Colletotrichum gloeosporioides (anthracnose) in Citrus

Pheaktra Phal, Kasem Soytong, Rujira Tangon, Song Jiaojiao
Citrus diseases were studied which found anthracnose caused by Colletotrichum gloeosporioides and root rot caused by Phytophthora parasitica which seriously invaded in Thailand where citrus are grown. The chemical fungicides have been traditionally using by the growers until those chemicals are non-effective...
Proceedings Article

Effect of Different Soilwater Availability on Growth and Yield of Three Varieties of Corn (Zea mays L.)

Rusmana, Eltis Panca Ningsih, Savira Rafa Na’imah Cahyaningtyas
This research was conducted at the screen house of the Banten Agricultural Research and Technology Center (BPTP) and the Agroclimatology Laboratory of the Faculty of Agriculture, University of Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa from November 2020 to March 2021. This study used a factorial Randomized Block Design...
Proceedings Article

The Performance of KUB Chicken 2–12 Weeks at Agriculture Extension Center of Semarang Regency

Rini Nur Hayati, Dwinta Prasetianti, Restu Hidayah
One of the roles and functions of agricultural extension centers (AEC) is providing and disseminating technological information. The IAARD provides assistance kampung unggul Balitbangtan (KUB) chicken that has higher egg productivity. This paper was made to observe the performance of KUB chickens at...
Proceedings Article

A Comparison of Biology Pre-service Teacher Learning Achievement Using Offline and Online Method in Biology Learning Evaluation Course

Rahmawati Darussyamsu, Lufri Lufri, Yuni Ahda, Heffi Alberida, Rahmadhani Fitri, Ganda Hijrah Selaras, Helendra Helendra, Zulyusri Zulyusri, Fatma Rahmadhani, Ilmi Zajuli Ichsan, Henita Rahmayanti, Ali Amran
Biology learning evaluation course is a compulsory subject for undergraduate biology education students because it prepares students to design learning assessments when they become teachers later. Regularly, offline learning used discussion and problem-solving methods face-to-face. However, with the...
Proceedings Article

Effect of Compound-Maqin-Decoction on P38MAPK and Foxp3 Protein Expression of Lung Issue in Asthmatic Rats

Peng QIAN, Zhaoxia XU, Xueping LI, Sijing WANG
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of Compound-Maqin-Decoction (CMD) on p38MAPK and Foxp3protein expression of lung issue in asthmatic rats. METHODS: The asthmatic rat model was established by ovalbumin and was intervened with CMD. After inducing asthma and four-week treatment, the rats were sacrificed...
Proceedings Article

Ethanolic Extraction of Lemongrass in a Scaled-Up Laboratory Percolator

Diah Indriani Widiputri, Bennedick Donato, Maria DPT Gunawan-Puteri, Filiana Santoso, Elena Listianto Lie
Lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus) is widely recognized for its fragrant qualities and is commonly used as spices in Asian countries. Previous research has proven that lemongrass extract, which contains the polyphenols caffeic acid and kaempferol, can decrease the absorption of glucose in the human intestine...
Proceedings Article

Characteristics of Ruminal Fatty Acids Using In Vitro Culture System by Addition of Galangal (Alpinia galangal) Essential oil

Dewi Ratih Ayu Daning, Chusnul Hanim, Budi Prasetyo Widyobroto, Lies Mira Yusiati
Galangal essential oil (EO), which contains secondary metabolites such as cineol, hopefully can modify bacteria, causing biohydrogenation. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of galangal EO dose on the fatty acids characteristics at in vitro rumen fermentation. Galangal as a source...
Proceedings Article

Effect on Nutrient Digestibility of Dairy Cows by Addition of Galangal (Alpinia galangal) Essential Oil

Dewi Ratih Ayu Daning, Chusnul Hanim, Budi Prasetyo Widyobroto, Lies Mira Yusiati
Galangal essential oil (EO) with cineol as the main component has antimicrobial activity. The level of nutrient digestibility in dairy cows is determined by the mechanism of action of the rumen microbes. The addition of galangal essential oil to dairy cows feed is expected to reduce the activity of proteolytic...
Proceedings Article

Polydopamine-based Materials as Carriers for Drug Delivery

Xinyu Cui, Yuanyi Wang, Yuanyuan Yin, Miaojing Li
Polydopamine (PDA)–based material with tailored structures and properties are of particular interests due to their multifunctions and potential applications as new colloidal structures in diverse field. The past several years has witnessed a rapid increase of research concerning the new fabrication strategies,...
Proceedings Article

SD Rat Liver Polydatin Concentration Control Based On Sliding Mode with High-gain Observer

Jian-Yang Lin, Yu-Shuai Bu, Jin-Rui Gao
In this paper, we use the sliding mode control based on high gain observer to control the concentration of Polydatin in the liver of SD rates. Through data processing and with the help of the nlinfit function in MATLAB, we take a fitting analysis by using the Polydatin distribution data in SD rats’ liver...
Proceedings Article

Development of Problem Based Learning Module for Natural Science (MIPA) Grade XI in Senior High School (SMAN 3) Kerinci

D Permatasari, A Anhar
Students have difficilty in understanding the topic of respiration and excretion system because the topics are memorized, altough the topics are very close to life, so students need a module that can help them in finding concepts base on problems that are close to life. The modules had used in the school...
Proceedings Article

Role of the Agriculture Sector in Poverty Reduction in East Kalimantan

Mariyah Mariyah, Agung Enggal Nugroho
The agricultural sector provides support for food availability, employment, and increases household income in the urban or rural area. Household income determines expenditure and becomes the basis for determining the poverty line. East Kalimantan economy is still dominated by the mining sector. The development...
Proceedings Article

Study of Palm Oil Mill Effluent for Land Application Suitability in Lamandau Regency, Kalimantan Tengah Province

Hilary Reinhart, Suaduan Syahri, Dalili Ghaisani Hashifah, Linggar Esty Hardini
This research puts the POME Land Application upfront and aims to evaluate the land suitability for POME land application and determine the suitable area for the land application in Lamandau Regency. This research uses Geographic Information System (GIS) to determine the land suitability for land application....
Proceedings Article

Bst polymerase enhancement a bioinformatics approach to improve Bst polymerase characteristics

Jonathan, Ernest Suryadjaja, Sulistyo Emantoko D. Putra
DNA polymerase is a remarkably incredible invention in the biotechnology field. Since its discovery, molecular genetic-based research has been growing rapidly. Various methods for molecular-based diagnostics have been developed since. One of which is Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification; this method...
Proceedings Article

Inference of Pure Titanium Micro-arc Oxidation Process on Microstructure of Calcium Phosphate Membrane Layer

Yu-lei LI, Jin-jun TANG, Yue-lai DAI, Li-jun ZHANG, Xiao-yu JIN
In this paper, the growth law of the phosphate and calcium layer in different voltage process was studied. The surface morphology of the film was observed by SEM, and then the distribution of phosphorus and calcium in the film was analyzed. The results show that the higher the voltage, the more uniform...
Proceedings Article

Search of New Opportunities of Pharmacological Protection at the Early Stages of a Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease Associated With Obesity and Metabolic Syndrome

Elena Zhilyakova, Tatyana Golivets, Zoya Tsvetkova, Diana Dubonosova
This article provides the rationale for the pharmacological correction of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. This is due to the fact that non-alcoholic steatohepatosis of the liver is a slowly progressing disease. Most often, non-alcoholic steatohepatosis progresses to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis,...
Proceedings Article

The Manglid (Manglietia glauca Bl) Growth Variations at Age of 42 Months in Candiroto Temanggung Central Java

Sugeng Pudjiono, Mudji Susanto, Mashudi, Dedi Setiadi, Maman Sulaeman, Ratna Adji Hartati, Taufik Rahmadi, Aris Wibowo
Manglid (Manglietia glauca Bl) is an indigenous tree species in the Indonesian forest whose existence began to be difficult to find. Wood is the part of the plant that can be used. The development of this plant which is the local genetic resources need to be done with the breeding program. In connection...