Proceedings of the 2015 International Conference on Material Science and Applications

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199 articles
Proceedings Article

Calculation on Tensile Strength of Notched 2D Woven C/SiC Composite Laminates-Considering the Nonuniformity of Material

Hong-Bao Guo, Bo Wang, Pu-Rong Jia, Cheng-Peng Yang
The tensile strength of a 2D woven C/SiC composite laminates notched with central hole was analyzed and calculated by finite element method. By considering the nonuniformity, material of open-hole specimen was divided into several parts with different density. Tensile properties of 2D woven C/SiC composites...
Proceedings Article

Proliferation and Adhesion of Endothelial Cells on the Surface of Titanium Implant

Jing-Ying Zhang
To observe the proliferation and adhesion of umbilical cord endothelial cells (HUVEC) on the titanium (Ti) surface with large particles blasted-etched (SLA) treatments and further clarify the mechanism of action of each other between the Ti implant surface and the body. Methods: The human umbilical cord...
Proceedings Article

Prediction for Damage Depth of Coal Seam Floor Based on the BP Neural Network

Shun-Feng Li
On the basis summary of forecasting methods and theoretical depth of stope floor, combining a large number of actual data analysis, it is induced that the following six aspects are the main factors influencing the floor damage depth the: mining depth, dip angle of coal seam, mining thickness and length...
Proceedings Article

Corrosion of Permanent Mold Cast Magnesium Alloy AJ62 in Automotive Environments

Fang Li, Jonathan Burns, Henry Hu, Xue-Yuan Nie, Jimi Tjong
Permanent mold cast (PMC) AJ62 magnesium alloy exhibits a fine-grained microstructure in the thin section and a coarse-grained microstructure in the thick section. Microstructure of the PMC AJ 62 alloy was analyzed by using the Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). Potentiodynamic polarization experiments...
Proceedings Article

Experimental Research on Application of Kinetic Model to Predict Shelf-life of Military Instant Rice

P. Li, X. F. Li, X.Y. Liu, L.G. Xiong
On the basis of accelerated test of food shelf life theory, the changes of acid & peroxide value of military instant rice packaged by PET/AL/PA/PE coextruded film at different storage temperature were studied. The kinetics models of shelf life were obtained at corresponding temperature so as to predict...
Proceedings Article

Analysis of Influencing Factors for Sliding Wear-Fatigue Damage Interaction

Yu-Tao Yan, Yuan-Jun Xu, Xiao-Lin Qian
The variable regular for sliding wear under load, sliding velocity, temperature and surface roughness and fatigue damage under load, sliding velocity and surface roughness by mass experimental datum were established. The analytic model for sliding wear-fatigue damage interaction was established. The...
Proceedings Article

The Vacancy-hardening Properties in Water-quenched Fe-Al Alloys

Z.C. Zhou, J. Du, Y.K. Zhang, Y.P. Zhang, S.Y. Gu
Fe-Al alloys with different Al contents were prepared with commercially pure Fe and Al in a vacuum induction furnace. The hardness of the Fe-Al alloys with different Al content and heat treatments was measured using a Vickers-hardness tester of HVS-5, applying a load of 9.8 N and keeping for 8 s. In...
Proceedings Article

Cross-linking Peptide Vaccine Heat Shock Protein 72 and Alpha-fetoprotein Elicited Specific Dendritic Cells, Cytotoxic T-lymphocyte Cells and Natural Killing Cells

Xiao-Ping Wang, Bing Xu, Huan-Ping Lin, Qian Zhao, Ke-Pei Zhang, Yi-Xin Yang
Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) is an oncofetal protein during Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) development which could generate weaker and less reproducible antitumor protection, and may serve as a target for immunotherapy. Therefore, it is imperative to enhance its immunogenicity and develop therapeutic vaccines...
Proceedings Article

Study on Micro-structure and Micro-hardness of Thick Plate 16Mn Steel

Yong-Tao Zhao, Zi-Xiao Liang, Li-Ping Zhao, Yu-Feng Wang
The 16Mn steel has good mechanical properties and welding performance, so it is used widely in pressure vessels, petroleum storage tanks and pipelines of oil and gas. Submerged arc welding was employed to weld 16Mn, by OM, the microstructure in every region of welding joint was observed, by means of...
Proceedings Article

Determination of Mesalazine Using Terbium Rare Earth Ions as a Fluorescence Probe

Yu-Guang Lv, Di Song, Du A, Ji-Hui Zheng, Hong-Bing Gao, Xiao-Li Qi, Jiang Wu, Zhong-Ping Gong, Jie Teng
Ulcerative colitis is chronic nonspecific colitis. Now,the main first-line drugs are preparations with mesalazine. Chemical name of mesalazine is 5- aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA), which one of colon target drugs has function of anti-inflammatory by inhibit process of leukotriene, prostaglandin E(PG) and...
Proceedings Article

Light-induced Phase Transition of Lyotropic Liquid Crystals and Motion Behavior of Micron Objects via Photochemical Azobenzene Molecules

Su Ma, Yutaka Kuwahara, Tomonari Ogata, Sunnam Kim, Seiji Kurihara
Ternary lyotropic liquid crystal (LLC), was prepared by mixing tetradecyltrimethylamonium bromide (MTAB), water and azobenzene (Az). The phase transition of the LLC was induced from LC phase to isotropic (I) one upon Ar+ laser, which was owing to the trans-cis-trans phoisomerizaion cycle of Az during...
Proceedings Article

The Influence of Doping Ag on Photovoltaic Characteristic of CuI Film

Qiang Wang, Xi-Ying Ma
Cuprous iodide (CuI) is a p-type semiconductor material with wide band gap, which has attracted considerable attention in recent years because of its unique photoelectric characteristic and potential application in solar cells. This article presents the preparation of Ag doped and undoped CuI films on...
Proceedings Article

The Technology and Application of Shrink Packaging

Shang-Jie Jiang, Jun-Yan Huang
Shrink packaging is a packaging way which is widely used in the field of modern goods packaging. Its packaging forms, the development of new technology and application field ware summarized. Its outstanding features, such as transparent and intuitive, efficient, seal and moistureproof, flexible and convenient...
Proceedings Article

The Cost Reduction Research of GPTMS-Boehmite Transparent and Hard Coating Film

Kui Chen, Tian-Yun Zhang, Xiao-Ping Zheng
In order to reduce cost and contain properties, GPTMS-boehmite transparent and hard coating film was prepared by replacing boehmite with aluminium isopropoxide (AIP), and modified by hydrolyzed TEOS. By the research of the process, a cheap transparent coating film with a pencil hardness of 4H and adhesion...
Proceedings Article

Research Advance on Accelerating Anaerobic Sludge Granulation Process

Xin-Long Jiang, Yi-Hua Jiang, Jiang-Qun Wang, Yu-Yun Zhen
The application of sludge granulation was regarded as one of the promising biotechnologies in wastewater treatment. Anaerobic sludge granulation process is a multistage process that is decided by many factors such as operational condition, substrate and so on. After summarizing the existing mechanisms...
Proceedings Article

Microstructures of Surface Alloyed High Manganese Cast Steels

Chang-Qing Guo, An-Jun Shi, Ji-Wei Han
EPS templates attaching a compressed powder disk on a surface that are mainly consisted of Ni-WC powders were prepared. High manganese molten steels were poured into the templates forming a surface alloyed sample using V-EPC process. After water quenching from 1050ºC, the microstructures of the steels...
Proceedings Article

Study on Several Padé Approximants for Fully Ionized Hydrogen Plasmas

Xing-Rong Zheng, Ji-Hong Li, Li-Huan Yang, Yang Li
Based on the current proposed three type Padé approximations of fully ionized hydrogen plasmas. Using Fortran program, we calculated the Helmholtz free energy of hydrogen plasmas and made a comparison of these Helmholtz free energy. It is concluded that the dimensionless parameter feec of W.Stolzmann’s...
Proceedings Article

Core/Sheath Structured PVA Micro/Nano Composite Fibers for Biomedical Applications

Hong-Fei Chen, Dian-Luan Qiu, Li-Xing Dai
Modified electrospinning apparatus has been developed for continually fabricating nanofiber-coated microfibers. Two positively charged spinnerets were introduced and the PVA microfibers containing silver nanowires (AgNWs) were acted as the grounded collector. The prepared PVA/AgNWs microfiber moved through...
Proceedings Article

Development of Novel Inorganic Antibacterial Material

Guo-Zhong Lu, Xiu-Juan Ding, Wei-Xuan Zhao, Jin-Tai He, Zhan-Xiong Ma
This paper introduced a novel and efficient inorganic antibacterial material technique, which used hydroxyapatite (HAP) as a carrier, taking the method of co-precipitation and ion-exchange to prepare Titanium/metal ions (Ag+, Cu2+, Zn2+) and then combined with hydroxyapatite (HAPTiM). According to the...
Proceedings Article

Grayscale Method for Emulsifying Effect Testing

K.W. Ji, Z.Y. Wu, X.L. Tian, S.H. Wang
Emulsion is a semi-synthetic working fluid with high performance, whose chemical components mainly include water, base oil, surfactant, rust-inhibiting additive, etc. It has been widely used in industrial processing, but the assessment on its composition effect generally still depends on the intuitive...
Proceedings Article

Enhanced Sun Light Photocatalytic Activity of TiO2 Prepared with the Assistance of Urea

Cheng Li
In this paper, TiO2 photocatalyst with enhanced photocatalytic activity was prepared by Sol-Gel method with the assistance of urea. The specific surface area, structure, and the hydroxyl content were characterized by Brunauer-Emmett- Teller (BET) measurements, X-ray diffraction (XRD), and FT-IR, respectively....
Proceedings Article

Study on Cutting Mechanism of Monocrystalline Silicon Using Molecular Dynamics on Nanometric Scale

Li-Qiu Shi, Jia-Xin Xie, Ming-Dong Xi, Xiao-Hai Li, Feng Yu
Using molecular dynamics simulation method study the mechanism of nanometric cutting of monocrytalline silicon. We used LAMMPS software programming to establish model.Through VMD video software to display the image of cutting process and combining with the change of potential and temperature, we understand...
Proceedings Article

An Evaporative Coolant Used to ECR Ion Source

Lin Ruan, Shun-Zhou Yu, Bin Xiong
As a kind of high efficient cooling mode, the evaporative cooling technology has been successfully applied to a lot of engineering fields. This paper introduces a kind of evaporative coolant, for the first time, used to the ECR ion source. Firstly, we compared the basic physical and chemical characteristics...
Proceedings Article

Hidden Markov Based A Target Trajectory Tracing Algorithm

Ding-Jiu Yu
With static position feature of target, existing positioning algorithms can not track target trajectory well when the target is mobile. To solve this problem, a target trajectory tracking algorithm based on hidden Markov model is proposed in this paper. Firstly, a hidden Markov model is established according...
Proceedings Article

Iron-based Powder Metallurgy Steel Collar Chemical Treatment Process Test

Kang-Cheng Dong, Ming-Zhu Li
The steel collar is an important part of textile machine, which not only requires good abrasion resistance, but also have more stringent requirements for ovality and irregularities, as shown in Figure 1. Generally low carbon steel collar is carburized (or carbonitrided) after quenching to increase its...
Proceedings Article

Study on Microstructure and Properties of Surface Composition with Steel Matrix

Li-Xiao Jia, Hong-Yan Yan, Qing-Feng Zhang
With the traditional casting Penetration technology, high chromium cast iron composite layer has been formed on the surface of low carbon steel. The microstructure and Properties of cast Penetrating layer has been also studied. The test result has shown that the average microhardness of cast penetrating...
Proceedings Article

Photosensitive Hyperbranched Aliphatic Polyester Based on 2,2-dihydroxymethyl Butyric Acid

Fei Cao, Li-Juan Zhang, Ling-Ling Ma, Meng-Meng Zhou, Jing Du, Ji-Jun Xiao
A new kind of photosensitive polyester based on the hyperbranched aliphatic polyesters has been investigated. The hyperbranched aliphatic polyesters (polymer A) with 0.69 of the degrees of branching (DB) was prepared from 2,2-dihydroxymethyl butyric acid. Followed by end-modified with maleic anhydride...
Proceedings Article

Effect of the EM Immobilized Technology on Nitrogen Dissolution Characteristics of Aquaculture Sediment

Long Wang, Ya-Lu Shao, Xin-Yu Mao, Xiao-Hou Shao, Qi-Jin Wu
Effect of nitrogen dissolution characteristics of pond sediment by the immobilized EM technology was studied by the indoor simulation experiments in this paper. The results showed that ammonia nitrogen was the main forms of inorganic nitrogen dissolved from the sediment. The release of ammonia nitrogen...
Proceedings Article

Microwave Synthesis of Cu, Fe-doped TiO2 and Its Application for Photocatalytic Degradation of Organic Wastewater

Deng-Feng Wu, Cong-Sen Wang, Xue-Hong Liao
In this paper, Cu2+ and Fe3+co-doped titanium dioxide nanocomposite was prepared by iron nitrate, copper nitrate and titanium sulfate as raw materials and sodium dodecyl sulfate as surfactant under microwave irradiation. The x-ray diffraction (XRD) results show that as-prepared sample of direct adding...
Proceedings Article

Infrared Sights Zero Momentum Measurement Technology based on Camera Adaptive Algorithm

Jin-Song Wang, Dan Hu, Yan-Feng Li
According to the high precision testing requirements on aiming at the baseline variation of infrared sight, a measuring method of infrared sight zero momentum based on camera pose adaptive mathematical model is proposed. A new adaptive algorithm of camera pose is designed. A camera pose correction model...
Proceedings Article

Experimental Study on Compressive Strength of Manufactured Sand Concrete

Sheng-Dong He, Hua Wang, Lei Li
Compressive strength is one of the important mechanical properties of conerete, and the indicator of compressive strength of manufactured sand concrete is more important to be promoted. This paper presents the results of the compressive strength tests on concrete specimens using the manufactured sand,...
Proceedings Article

Study on Compressive Strength and Moisture Content of Different Grades Density of Foam Concrete

Wen-Wu Long, Jing-Song Wang
Influences of curing period and dry density on Moisture content and compressive strength were investigated through eight different densities of foamed concrete be in 650 kg/m³ to 850 kg/m³. The research results show that foam concrete in same age stages with increasing dry density, compressive strength...
Proceedings Article

Establishing and Optimizing AFLP Amplification Reaction System of Shiraia Bambusicola

Bing Yang, Yi-Meng Chen, Yong-Xiang Liu, Zuo-Yi Liu, De-Qun Zhou
DNA of Sharaia bambuiscola was extracted by the improved method of CTAB. The several key factors affecting the effect of DNA digestion and the PCR selective amplification such as the time of DNA digestion, the times of the per-amplified dilute products, the mount of the selective amplification primer,...
Proceedings Article

The Preparation and Fluorescence of Conjugated Polymer Nanoparticles with Triphenylamine Derivatives

Yue-Hong Zhu, Xian Zhang, Yuan-An Qin, Zhao-E Liu
The conjugated polymers TEB1 and TEB2 were synthesized by Wittig and Wittig-Horner reaction, and the conjugated polymer nanoparticles CPNs1 and CPNs2 were prepared by reprecipitation method with TEB1 and TEB2, respectively. Moreover, the morphology and fluorescence of CPNs were investigated. The synthetic...
Proceedings Article

Diffusion Bonding of Magnesium Alloy (AZ31B) to Cu by Using Sn Foil Interlayer

Shuang-Ming Du, Jie Hu
The experimental investigation of diffusion bonding of magnesium alloy (AZ31B) to Cu in vacuum was carried out by using Sn foil as transition metal. The microstructure of the welded joints was studied by SEM, EDS, XRD and the mechanical properties of the samples were tested by tensile experiments. The...
Proceedings Article

The Preparation of ZnO/AC Composite Photocatalytic Material for Coking Wastewater Treatment

Yan-Fen Wang, Xiu-Qian Dai, Chu-Yang Xu, Meng-Ting Li
A simple and low-temperature method was utilized to attach nanostructured ZnO to the surface of porous activated carbon (AC). The phase structure and surface morphology of the as-prepared sample were characterized. XRD analysis confirmed patterns for the wurtzite hexagonal phase of ZnO and AC from the...
Proceedings Article

Effect of Cryogenic Treatment on Film-substrate Bonding Strength of DLC Film/High-speed Steel

Yang Zhao, Chao-Yin Nie, Yan-Zhong Nie, Xiao-Dong Liu, Xiao-Ling Gong
In order to investigate the effect of cryogenic treatment (CT) on film-substrate bonding strength, 2µm thick DLC film was deposited on quenched W9 high-speed steel by unbalanced magnetron sputtering technique followed by CT at -196 for 30 hours. Samples before and after CT were characterized respectively...
Proceedings Article

The Research on Synthesis of Polyacrylamide with Photo-Initiation

Meng-Ting Li, Xiang Zhang, Chu-Yang Xu, Yan-Fen Wang
This paper has studied the influence of different initiation of flocculants synthesis, the effect of flocculant products based on solid content and characteristic viscosity indicators to the performance on different types of polyacrylamide products, and then chose the best one as the research object....
Proceedings Article

Experimental Research on Mechanical Properties of Fiber Reinforcement Cement Stabilized Soil

Le Jiang, Xing-Zhong Weng, Bo-Han Yang, Jun Zhang, Jun-Zhong Liu, Xiang-Cheng Yan, Hua Fang
In order to investigate the strengthening mechanism of modified polypropylene fiber reinforcement cement stabilized soil (MPFRCSS), the unconfined compressive strength (UCS) was used to test the performance of soil with different fiber contents, different cement contents, and different maintaining conditions....
Proceedings Article

Effects of Curing Conditions on Properties of Fly Ash-based Geopolymer Concrete

Xue-Hua Ye, Jin-Yu Xu
The fly ash-based geopolymer concrete (FAGC) were prepared by using fly ash as the main binder. The influences of curing conditions on mechanical properties and permeability were investigated by compressive test, flexural test and permeability test. The results indicate that elevated temperature curing...
Proceedings Article

Preparation of Fe73Cr18Ni9 Alloy Powder from Nano-Fe73Cr18Ni9 Composite Oxide by Hydrogen Co-reduction Process

Hui-Min Yu, Zai-Yuan Li
In this paper, Fe73Cr18Ni9 composite oxide nano-powder was prepared by chemical co-precipitation method taking FeSO4•7H2O, CrCl3•6H2O, NiSO4•6H2O and NaOH as raw materials. Its particle size was about 50nm. Then Fe73Cr18Ni9 alloy powder was obtained by hydrogen co-reduction process taking advantage of...
Proceedings Article

The Influence of Fiber on the Resistance to Chloride-Ion Penetration of Concrete under the Environment of Carbonation

Qi Huang, Xiao-Shuang Shi, Qing-Yuan Wang, Ling Tang, Hong-En Zhang
The rapid chloride penetrating test of ordinary Portland concrete (OPC), glass fiber reinforced concrete (GFRC) and basalt fiber reinforced concrete (BFRC) were carried out under the environment of carbonation. This study investigates the differences of carbonization depth, porosity and permeability...
Proceedings Article

Microstructure Evolution Simulation during Microextrusion at Elevated Temperature

S. Chen, F. Chen, L.J. Zhang, X.H. Huang, X.Y. Ding, X.P. Zhang
Controlling the microstructure in the final product is significant to metal hot forming at either macroscale or microscale. The microstructure evolution during the hot forming must be fundamentally understood in order to control the microstructure. Elevated temperature contributes to minimize the size-effects...
Proceedings Article

Research on Non-autoclaved Fly Ash Lightweight Wall Block with Material Properties

Jie Zhang
Non-autoclaved fly ash lightweight wall block with industrial waste fly ash as main raw material enhance the activity of fly ash by mechanical activation at the normal temperature and pressure, and through adding activator sodium silicate, gypsum, sodium sulfate for chemical activation. Experiments show...
Proceedings Article

Lubrication Simulation and Solution of Oil Film Force and the Equilibrium Position of Three-lobe Journal Bearing

Kun Qian, Wei-Gang Guo
Through the simulation of lubrication condition, the solution of the nonlinear oil film force of the three-lobe journal bearing with Difference Method and the solution of the axis equilibrium position of the three-lobe journal bearing based on Secant Method, we obtained that installation angle of the...
Proceedings Article

Reinforced Concrete Sewer Pipes used for Jacking Construction of Experimental Research and Finite Element Analysis

Yan-Min Yang, Run-Tao Zhang, Bo Qu
This paper reinforced jacking construction method, which used reinforced concrete sewer pipes to conduct the external pressure load test, and the cracking load and the failure load of reinforced concrete sewer pipes were tested, and its local and overall deformation under different load levels. At the...
Proceedings Article

Investigation of Uniaxial Asymmetric High-cycle Fatigue Failure Behavior of 7075-T651 Aluminum Alloy Sheet

Da-Lian Yang, Yi-Lun Liu, Song-Bai Li, Jiu-Huo Yi, Jie Tao
In this investigation, the high cycle fatigue life of 7075-T651 aluminum sheets under different stress levels were tested, and S-N curves were obtained by fitting the test data. For the problem that the traditional S-N curve fitting methods without considering the effect of fatigue limit on the S-N curve...
Proceedings Article

Effect of Flexoelectricity on the Electromechanical Coupling of Piezoelectric Nanoplates

Zheng-Rong Zhang, Li-Ying Jiang
Flexoelectricity is referred as an instantaneous polarization of dielectrics in response to non-uniform strains or strain gradients. Due to the fact that strain gradients are inversely proportional to the feature size of structures, the flexoelectricity is believed to be significant at the nano-scale....
Proceedings Article

Warping Effect to Bend-twist Coupling Characteristics for Box Spar of Wind Turbine Blade

Xing-Yin Zhou, Li-Qiang An, Zhang-Qi Wang
In order to study the effects of sectional warping to bend-twist coupling characteristics for box spar of wind turbine blade, section stiffness of different regions are calculated with weather considering warping effect or not, the results show that warping effects differently in different part of the...
Proceedings Article

The Influence of Mineral Salt Interface Modifier to Pavement Rubber Concrete Strength

Yi-Ning Zhao, Shuai Tian, Yi-Ming Chen, Yu-Ting Yan, Shao-Yue Jin, Xu Zhang, Guang-Bao Li
The experiment researched the influence of mineral salt to pavement rubber aggregate and the interface shear strength of cement matrix, which also discussed the mechanism of action about mineral salt interface modifier .Research showed: mineral salt has a big effect on the compressive strength of rubber...
Proceedings Article

A Sensor System to Monitor the Early-Stage Corrosion of A36 Carbon Steel

Dong Chen, Max Yen, Paul Lin, Steve Groff, Richard Lampo, Michael Mcinerney, Jeffrey Ryan
An innovative sensor containing A36 carbon steel was explored for corrosion monitoring. After being soaked in an aerated 0.2 M NaCl solution, the sensor’s normalized electrical resistance (R/R0) decreased continuously with the extent of corrosion from 1 to 0.64. Meanwhile, the sensor’s normalized capacitance...
Proceedings Article

Melting and Crystallization Behaviors of Poly(lactic acid)/Polypropylene Blends

Zhi-Fei Bai, Qiang Dou
The melting and crystallization behaviors of poly(lactic acid) (PLA)/polypropylene (PP) and PLA/PP/PP-graft-maleic anhydride (PP-g-MAH) blends were investigated by means of differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and polarized light microscopy (PLM). The results showed that the pure PLA and the PLA in...
Proceedings Article

Preparation of Bi2WO6 Nanoparticles with Improved Photocatalytic Properties by Adding Triblock Copolymer P123

Su-Hua Chen, Hong-Mei Wan, Guo-Ping Wu
Nanocrystalline bismuth tungstat with good visible light response has been synthesized using Pluronic P123 triblock copolymer as surfactant. The prepared samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction, UV-visible spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and BET surface area analysis. The activity...
Proceedings Article

Recovery of the Rhodium( ) Octanoate Dimer by Aminopyridine-modified Resin

Rong-Geng Wang, Xue-Lei Pang, Hai-Yan Zhao
Macroporous chloromethyl polystyrene resin (MCPR) was modified by (2, 3, 4-) amino pyridine. Then Rhodium ( ) octanoate dimer (ROD) was recovered by the amino pyridine-modified resin. The adsorption and elution of ROD on the modified resin were investigated. The results showed 2-amino pyridine modified...
Proceedings Article

Facile Synthesis and Luminescence Properties of Silica Submicron Rods

Jie Chen, Ye Sheng, Li-Rong Ju, Ke-Yan Zheng, Mei-Qi Chang, Hui Zhang, Hai-Feng Zou
Silica submicron rods were conveniently synthesized through a simple sol-gel method at room temperature. The SEM images demonstrated that the obtained silica submicron rods had high purity and uniform diameter of about 380-400 nm. The XRD results showed the obtained silica submicron rods were amorphous....
Proceedings Article

A Method about Printing Special Characters Using the Micro Printer

Wei-Dong Zhang
This paper introduced the capability and characteristic of micro-printer, and method of single chip microcomputer connecting with micro-printer. It’s important to illuminates the ideas and concrete steps to achieve how micro-printer is controlled to print special character by single chip microcomputer....
Proceedings Article

An Experimental Study of the Property of Phase Transition Temperature for Organic Composites Phase Change Materials

Wei Cai, Zhi-Gao Sun, Hong-Kai Ma
In order to obtain suitable phase change materials and phase transition temperature, a series of organic composite phase change materials were prepared with decanoic acid (CA), louric acid(LA), myristic acid (MA), palmitic acid (PA), stearic acid (SA) and 1-dodecanol (DE), tetradecanol (TD) as raw materials....
Proceedings Article

Equivalent Laminated Model of the Aluminum Honeycomb Sandwich Panel

Jun Zhang
In order to improve quality, safety and dependability, researches on the mechanical characteristics of the aluminum honeycomb sandwich panel have been given more prominence. In the present study, an equivalent laminated model with three layers is presented to simulate the behavior of the aluminum honeycomb...
Proceedings Article

Effects of Dimethyl Formamide on Laser-induced Damage to SiO2 Films Prepared by the Sol-gel Method

Pei-Tao Guo, Yu-Hong Man, Yong-Ping Zhang
Monolayer SiO2 films with various dimethyl formamide (DMF) concentrations were prepared on BK7 glass by the sol–gel method. The refractive index and physical thickness of the SiO2 films were calculated using the transmission spectra of the samples. Laser-induced damage threshold (LIDT) results showed...
Proceedings Article

Preparations of Methylphenyldiethoxsilane by One Step Grignard Method and Methylphenylcyclosiloxane by Hydrolysis and Pyrolysis Methods

Min Li, Liu-Meng Chen, Bo-Quan Jiang
Methyl phenol cyclic silicone (MPCS) and methyl phenyl diethoxy silane (MPDS) are important materials for production of addition-cured liquid silicone rubber. The one step Grignard method was used to synthesize MPDS and the orthogonal test method was applied to optimize the process. The maximum MPDS...
Proceedings Article

Preparation of Methylphenylvinyl Raw Rubber by Bulk Polymerization and Ring-Opening Polymerization Methods

Ting Liu, Shi-Jian Chen, Bo-Quan Jiang
Methylphenylvinyl raw rubber (MPVRR) is one of the important materials for preparation of phenyl-containing additive molding liquid silicone rubber (AMLSR). Two methods, bulk polymerization (BP) and ring-opening polymerization (ROP), were used to prepare MPVRR. The effects of formulation, temperature...
Proceedings Article

Optimization and Models of Decalcification from Bighead Carp Scale with Citric Acid by Response Surface Method

Yu-Mei Huang, You-Qin Zou, Bo-Quan Jiang
Fish scale is a newly developed alternative resource for extracting collagen,which is one of the important biological materials. To extract collagen from fish scale has a great significance to prevent pollution and receive good economic benefits. In this paper, based on the experimental results of single...
Proceedings Article

Process and Models of Decalcification of Bighead Carp Scale by Hydrochloric Acid

Yu-Mei Huang, You-Qin Zou, Bo-Quan Jiang
Collagen is one of the important biological materials. Fish scale contains rich collagen. Extracting collagen from fish scale not only reduces the biological pollution but also receives good economic benefit. In this paper, based on the experimental results of single factor test made in our previous...
Proceedings Article

Research Situation and Existing Problems of the Direction Reduction Process for Utilizing Vanadium Bearing Titano-magnetite

Gong-Guo Liu, Yong-Cai Wen, Jie Qin
A pilot plant for comprehensive utilization of the vanadium titanium magnetite resources was constructedin Pangang Group, and the plant applies direction reduction in the rotary hearth furnace (RHF)-melting deep reduction in electric arc furnace (EAF) as the main process. Through constant experimental...
Proceedings Article

Mechanism and Control Study on Metallized Pellet Bonding with High Temperature

Jie Qin, Gong-Guo Liu
The problem of metallized pellet bonding at high temperature, which appeared in the production of Pangang pilot plant for resources comprehensive utilization, is analyzed. It shows that it is the main cause leading to the metallized pellet bonding of low melting silicate phase bonding, and it is caused...
Proceedings Article

Advances on Manufacturing of POSS Reinforced Resin Matrix Composites

Dan-Yong Wang, Jun-Cong Liu, Yi-Wei Chen, Shu-Hu Li, Hua-Zhen Wei, Min Xia
POSS with cage-like hybrid molecules composed of silicon and oxygen has raised great interests of materials researchers owing to its excellent mechanical and thermal properties, such as tensile strength, tensile modulus and glass transition temperature Tg. And it has been widely used in electronics,...
Proceedings Article

Traffic Flow Registraton for Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Detection

Gui-Yuan Xiao, Rong-Yi Du
Registration of detection data is to ensure the time-space consistency and effective fusion of air-ground traffic detection data. In this paper, we aim to propose a space-time registration method for the vehicle detection data of unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV). Considering temporal and spatial distribution...
Proceedings Article

Hydrothermal Preparation of High Purity of Expandable Graphite

Yan Wu, Ji-Yang Ma, Bo Zhou, Yao-Qun Huang
Hydrothermal preparation of expandable graphite, which is mixing natural flake graphite , oxidant and intercalating agent to hydrothermal reaction. Hydrothermal could improve the oxidicability and intercalating ability of oxidant and intercalate agent, ensuring the smooth progress of the oxide-intercalated...
Proceedings Article

Self-assembly of 3D Graphene and Its Superior Adsorption Ability for Heavy Oil

Bo Zhou, Yan Wu, Yao-Qun Huang, Shu Wang, Guo-An Zha
Three-dimensional graphene (3DG) samples were prepared using template-free solvent- thermal synthesis route with graphene oxide (GO) as a precursor. With the GO concentration (CGO) increasing gradually from 4 mg/mL to 10 mg/mL, the morphology of the 3DG evolves from nanoparticle to 3DG monolith material....
Proceedings Article

The Design of the Infrared Spectrally Selective Low Emissivity Coating

Liang Peng, Jun-Sheng Li, Wen-Wei Zheng
The traditional low infrared emissivity materials do not have the infrared spectrally selective low emissivity characteristic, it brings the problem of compatibility of the infrared stealth and heat radiation. With the help of the one-dimensional photonic crystal(1DPC), selecting the infrared window...
Proceedings Article

A Study on the Preparation and Characterization of Curcumin and Gold Nanorods-loaded Albumin Nanoparticles and its Treatment of MCF-7 Breast Cancer Cells in Vitro

Chen Liang, Hao Zhang, Lin Wang, Dong-Sheng Zhang
This work aims to study the preparation and characterization of curcumin and gold nanorods-loaded albumin nanoparticles and investigate its treatment for MCF-7 human breast cancer cells in vitro. Gold nanorods (GNRs) were prepared by seedless method. While the curcumin and gold nanorods-loaded albumin...
Proceedings Article

Influence of Aging Time on the Mechanical Properties and Bendability of 2A12 Aluminium Alloy

Ling-Yun Zhang, Gui-Bo Wan, Samuel Ngugi, Yi-Pan Zeng
In this paper, the mechanical and forming properties of 2A12 aluminium alloy sheet were determined by using the uniaxial tensile test, including the yield stress , the ultimate tensile stress , the strain hardening exponent n, the strain ratio r, the elastic modulus E and the elongation at fracture point...
Proceedings Article

Parameters Determination of GTN Model and Damage Analysis of Aluminum Alloy 6016 Sheet Metal

Yu-Mei Hu, Min-Zhi Chen, Yue Xiao, Jin Xiao, Xi Tan, Qi Tang, Ying-E Zhou, Tai-Song Cui
Taking the material of AA6016 (Aluminum Alloy 6016) which is widely used in automobiles as the object of this study, the mechanical properties based on GTN (Gurson-Tvergaard-Needleman) model had been investigated. The parameters of the GTN model which were used for simulation were identified by uni-axial...
Proceedings Article

Electrical and Magnetic Transport Properties of Pr0.1Ca0.9MnO3

Y.M Yan, Y Zen, D.W Shi
Ceramic Pr1 xCaxMnO3 (x = 0.1) samples were prepared by solid-state reaction and the electrical and magnetic transport properties were studied by direct current (DC) and alternating current (AC) methods in different fields. A Curie temperature of 125 K determined by I-V measurements of ceramic Pr1 xCaxMnO3...
Proceedings Article

Ab-initio Calculation of Structural and Magnetic Properties of Annealed Cu2MnAl Heusler Alloy

Hang Shi, Xin Wang, Nan Zhang
Heusler alloys attracted considerable interest for their versatile magnetic properties. In this paper, Cu2MnAl Heusler Alloy samples were prepared with high vacuum melting furnace under the atmosphere of pure Argon. Then the samples were crushed and milled by planetary miller to get a uniform grading...
Proceedings Article

Effect of Electron Beam Irradiation on Viscosity and Degradation of Corn Meal

Shuai-Ling Yang, Le Xu, Song-Yi Lin
Corn meal was exposed to electron beam irradiation with doses ranging from 0.00 to 5.40 kGy. The effects of electron beam irradiation on corn meal pasting viscosity and degradation were compared. Pasting properties, viscosity and amylase content decreased significantly (P < 0.05) upon increasing the...
Proceedings Article

The Production of Alkaline Protease from a Recombinant Strain Expressed Apr

Mei-Shuo Zhang, Ya-Nan Yang, Xue-Nan Li, Song-Yi Lin
The alkaline protease gene, Apr, from Bacillus licheniformis 2709 was cloned into an expression vector pET - 28b(+). The pET-28b(+) - Apr was expressed in a high expression strain E. coli BL21. In order to develop and optimize mathematical model of protease activity, three variables were investigated,...
Proceedings Article

Modeling and Analysis of the Dynamic Behavior for Interacting Cracks on Circular Cavities in Piezoelectric Material

Dong Li, Hui-Cong Wang
The present paper is exposed theoretically to the influence on the dynamic stress intensity factor (DSIF) in the piezoelectric material model with two permeable radial cracks emanating from the edges of two circular cavities, subjected to the dynamic incident anti-plane shearing wave (SH-wave). Green’s...
Proceedings Article

Study on Synthesis and Self-assemble Nano-materials of Tetra-substituted Phenoxy Nickel Phthalocyanine

Li-Xian Ma, Yan-Fen Wang, Jun-Shan Gao
Tetra phenoxy substituted nickel phthalocyanine nanofibers were preoared in large scale by self-assembling via a simple solvent diffusion method. The size of them was 100-200 nm in diameter and several micron in length. The formation mechanism of nickel phthalocyanine fibers was discussed and studied...
Proceedings Article

Design of the Lightweight Structure Inspired by Beetle Elytra and Its Mechanical and Thermal Properties

C. Guo, T. Xu, Y. Zhou, D. Li
Based on the microstructure of the cross section of the beetle elytra, a kind of bio-inspired lightweight structure with fibre-winding pattern was designed and made by the carbon fibre material. The mechanical and thermal properties of the lightweight structure were studied with finite element method....
Proceedings Article

Reverse Reduction Ratio Effect on the Bonding Strength of 7075 Al/AZ31B Mg/7075 Al Laminated Composite Fabricated by Hot Rolling

Quoc Dinh. Cao, C.Y. Li, F. Chen, S. Chen, X.P. Zhang
Reduction ratio is one of the most important parameters that affect final bonding strength of laminated composites fabricated by hot rolling. In general, the bonding strength increases with the reduction ratio. However, it was found that the reduction ratio had a reverse effect on the bonding strength...
Proceedings Article

Preparation of Polyimide Films Derived from a Novel Precursor Pre-imidized Poly (amic acid) Ammonium Salt

Liu-Cheng He, Bai-Qing Tang, Li-Xing Dai
In this paper, a series of polyimide films were prepares through a novel precursor pre-imidized poly (amic acid) ammonium salt (PI-PAAS). The chemical structure of PI-PAAS films was confirmed by 1H NMR, and the degree of pre-imidization was confirmed by FT-IR spectra. And the intrinsic viscosity of the...
Proceedings Article

The Study of Design Semiotics and Architectural Space Semantics

Pu-Hua Yan
This paper summarizes the main theory and development status of semiotics in the field of architectural design. Using the basic principles of design semiotics, it analyzes the context of space capabilities in the field of architectural design, space syntax building mode, and the aesthetic and spiritual...
Proceedings Article

Hot Compression Behavior of Al-Zn-Mg Aluminium Alloy: Experiments and Simulations

C.Y. Li, G.D. Gao, X.P. Zhang
The hot deformation behavior of Al-Zn-Mg aluminum alloy was investigated by means of compression tests and Finite Element analysis method in the temperature and strain rate ranges of 350oC to 500oC and 0.1s-1 to 0.4s-1, respectively. The load-displacement data and the maximal cross section area S predicted...
Proceedings Article

Effect of Process Factors on Viscosity of In-situ Particulate Reinforced Aluminum Matrix Composites

Zhi-Hong Jia, Dao-Cun Xie, Lan-Lan Xiong, Chi Zhang, Yu-Tao Zhao
Viscosity of aluminum matrix composites reinforced by TiB2 particle has been studied systematically by using the rotating cylinder method. The results show that the viscosity of melt decreased with the increase of temperature, and the changes are abnormal when the temperature is between 710 to 730 ....
Proceedings Article

Research on Processing Technology of Calcined Kaolin Powder Using A Fluidized Bed Jet Mill at Different Temperatures

Cui-Ping Yan, Ming-Xing Zhang
The calcined kaolin powder was obtained using a fluidized bed jet mill at the temperatures 17 and 280 .The theoretical arithmetic, numerical simulation and experiment were used to compare and discuss the results at the two temperatures. The particle size D50=2.401 m D50=2.003 m of kaolin powder was obtained....
Proceedings Article

The Microwave Synthesis and Photocatalytic Activity of Sb3+-doped TiO2 Nanocomposite

Xiao-Mei Jia, Cong-Sen Wang, Yuan Li, Xue-Hong Liao
Stibium doped titanium dioxide nanocomposite was prepared with stibium( ) chloride, titanium sulfate as raw materials and Sodium dodecyl sulfate as surfactant under microwave irradiation. Then the X-ray diffractometer (XRD) and the scanning electron microscopy (SEM) were used to observe the antimony-doped...
Proceedings Article

Inhomogeneity of Microstructure of Aluminum Alloy Welded Joint

Xian-Min Tang, Hai-Gen Jian, Jing-Fang Wu, Ling Ou
Al-Mg-Mn alloy hot-rolled plates with 10mm thick were welded by multipass MIG welding with the Al-Mg wire, and inhomogeneity of microstructure of the welded joint were examined by the methods of metallograph, scanning electron microscope (SEM) and energy spectrum. The results show that the inhomogeneity...
Proceedings Article

Influence of Copper(I) on Europium-containing Micelles

Zhao-Ye Li, Zhao-Jun Xue, Li-Jun Kong
This paper explains and demonstrates influence of copper (I) on europium (Eu)-containing micelles. Main influence contains hindering formation of Eu-containing micelles and quenching luminescence. That is because of coordination of copper (I) with 4-vinyl pyridine (4VP). Competition occurred in coordination...
Proceedings Article

Research on the High-Temperature Strength of Heavy Drilling Tool in the Rough Machining Process

Geng-Huang He, Chong-Hu Wu, Xian-Li Liu, Shou-Quan Zhang, Ling-Li Zou, Dong-Jin Li
In the rough machining process, the thermal fatigue fracture is the destructive phenomenon which often affects the service life of cemented carbide insert. This paper explores the problem of hot crack production of super-heavy turning tool, and the 3D cutting model is established. In order to simulate...
Proceedings Article

The Micro-mechanical Property of Porous Alumina Film on Glass Substrate Prepared by Oxalic Acid Oxidation

Pei-Tao Guo, Yu-Hong Man, Yong-Ping Zhang
The mechanical properties of anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) on glass substrates prepared by 0.3mol/L oxalic acid solution are investigated by nanoindentation. The micro hardness, friction coefficient and Young’s modulus are all associated with the porosity. The substrate is an important factor of the mechanical...
Proceedings Article

Antioxidant Synergistic Effect and Formulation Optimization of Several Common Natural Pigments

Yi-Hua Jiang, Xin-Long Jiang, Hui-Qiang Bao
Under DPPH system using the method of free radical scavenging, synergetic effect and optimal formulation of compound antioxidant among the solution of gardenia yellow, black bean red and sorghum red with the response surface method were determined. The results showed that, the component ratio of optimal...
Proceedings Article

Adsorption and Precipitation of Organic Phosphonates onto the Calcite Stepped Surfaces

Wu Lei, Chun-Yu Chen, Ni Bai
The inhibition of calcite growth in the presence of seven phosphonates (AMP~ DTPMP) was investigated by means of molecular dynamic simulation in industrial water environment. It has been found that the phosphonic molecules can energetically interact well with the calcite (104) stepped surfaces at the...
Proceedings Article

Study of Heat Flux Sensor Test Containing Metal Phase Change Heat Sink

Xiao-Heng Ding, Song-He Meng, Fa-Jun Yi, Yan-Wei Zhu
Heat flux is a key parameter to characterize energy transport process in the fields of energy, metallurgy and aerospace. Traditional heat flux sensor can bear load and guarantee normal work of instrument through heat capacity or air cooling and water cooling system of own materials. However, application...
Proceedings Article

An Exploratory Study on TiO2 Film Thickness Related Photocurrent Decreasing in Dye-sensitized Solar Cells

Xiao-Jiao Zheng, Zhi Wang, Xiao Tang
This paper studies the effects of titanium dioxide films with different thickness on the photocurrent. The results show that titanium dioxide itself is not able to reduce Isc as long as the film thickness is less than 50 m-100 m (the electron diffusion length).The real factors affecting the photocurrent...
Proceedings Article

Nanocomposite Reinforcement Effects in Millable Polyurethane Elastomer with Low Content of Halloysite Nanotubes

Chun-Fa Ouyang, Bing Gong, Qun Gao
Millable polyurethane / halloysite nanotubes nanocomposites with high tensile strength and elongation at break were prepared by adding halloysite nanotubes (HNTs) during the preparation of prepolymer. Tensile test revealed that the nanocomposites have both higher tensile strength and elongation at break....
Proceedings Article

Research on the Effects of Different Types of Materials on Micro-membrane

Zhao-Chen Yao, Yu-Mei Ding
Four types of micro-membrane modules made of polyester621 (180 mesh), nylon6 (100mesh and 180 mesh) and polypropylene (180 mesh), which are available materials on the market, have been used as the membrane of Dynamic Membrane Bio-Reactor(DMBR) to treat simulated domestic sewage, and the results were...
Proceedings Article

The X-ray Powder Diffraction Data for Al8GdNi4 Compound

De-Gui Li, Liu-Qing Liang, Chang-Sheng Qin, Bing He, Ming Qin, Shu-Hui Liu, Pei-Lin Qing, Zhi-Jun Xiao, Ling-Min Zeng
The new ternary compound Al8GdNi4 had been synthesized by melting in arc furnace and annealing in vacuum. The crystal structure of Al8GdNi4 was analyzed by X-ray powder diffraction technique. The whole pattern of Al8GdNi4 had been indexed, and the lattice constants had been refined with tetragonal structure...
Proceedings Article

Modification of Regeneration Polyurethane by Blend with Ternary Nylon

Chun-Fa Ouyang, Xiao-Ting Ji, Qun Gao, Chun-Ye Xu
Regeneration polyurethane was completely originated from waste polyurethane fibers by solid-phase alcoholysis under dynamic shearing condition, and then modified with ternary nylon. The effect of ternary nylon on the process of solid-phase alcoholysis has been investigated by infrared spectrum and torque...
Proceedings Article

Influence of Er on Microstructure and Properties of Al-0.2%Zr-0.06%B Heat-resistant Alloy Conductor Prepared by Continuous ECAE Forming

Tian-Guo Zhou, Zhe Zhang, Fang-Fang Zhang
By using OP SEM double arm direct electric bridge, electronic universal material testing machine and electric heating high temperature drying box instrument. The effect of Er on the properties and microstructures of Al-Zr-B alloy electric conductors was studied. The results show that additive Er can...