Advances in Biological Sciences Research

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2271 articles
Proceedings Article

Development Aspect of Bengalon Production Forest Management Unit in Kutai Timur Regency

Aliri, Mustofa Agung Sardjono, Sigit Hardwinarto, Juremi, Ria Rosdiana Hutagaol
Kutai Timur Regency has 3 KPHs (Kesatuan Pengelolaan Hutan or Forest Management Unit = FMU), namely KPH Bengalon, KPH Kelinjau, and KPH Manubar. Many studies and considerations within Kutai Timur’s forest, mainly of the factors of accessibility extent, KPH Bengalon had been recommended as a model (pilot...
Proceedings Article

Isolation and Identification of Bacteriocin-producing Bacillus Strain Isolated from the Gastrointestinal Tract of Indonesian Native Chicken (Gallus domesticus)

C Hanim, V A Cahya, L M Yusiati, A Kurniawati
This research aimed to obtain Bacillus bacteria from the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) of native Indonesian chicken (Gallus domesticus) for bacteriocin production purposes against Escherichia coli. Bacillus bacteria were isolated from GIT (duodenum, jejunum, and ileum) on Trypticase Soya Agar (TSA+5%...
Proceedings Article

Small-Scale Agribusiness Lemon: How is the Economics Feasibility?

(Case Study in Banyumas Regency, Central Java)

Altri Mulyani, Ulfah Nurdiani, Syahrul Ganda Sukmaya
Since 2013, California lemons have been grown in Banyumas Regency. Currently, Banyumas Regency has 12 ha of lemon planting space with 6,550 plants. California lemon growing is a privately held enterprise in Banyumas Regency. However, California lemon farmers in Banyumas Regency have collaborated with...
Proceedings Article

A Study Investigation Students’ STEM Literacy in Biology Learning

Yosi Laila Rahmi, Media Wati Kaban
STEM literacy is the capacity to recognize, use, and integrate ideas from science, technology, engineering, and mathematics in order to comprehend a difficult issue and come up with novel solutions. This study intends to assess students’ STEM literacy as it relates to biology instruction. Descriptive...
Proceedings Article

Analysis and Discussion on the Effect of Self-designed Traditional Chinese Medicine and Ice in the Treatment of Sports Injury

Weixing Wang, Guomei Yin
Objective: To analyze and discuss the effect of self-designed traditional Chinese medicine and ice in the treatment of sports injury. Methods: The study duration was from January 2015 to December 2017 and the 100 participants were selected from patients with acute sports injuries in our outpatient department....
Proceedings Article

Marketing Analysis of Additional Services Provided by Pharmacies

Irina Spichak, Natalia Grigorenko, Ekaterina Boyko, Alina Ivashchenkova
The article presents the concept of marketing analysis of the additional services provided in pharmacies in the city of Belgorod. The authors carried out the assessment of customers' satisfaction with the quality of the additional services provided in the pharmacies in the city of Belgorod. Also the...
Proceedings Article

Factors Influencing Risk of Shallot by Using Arch Garch and Var

Ratna Mega sari, Yeni Budiawati
Some of the horticultural commodities that have been assigned to be excellent commodities in the period 2015-2019 are various chili, shallot, and orange. Shallot are strategic commodities in Indonesia as well as commodities with high price fluctuations compared to other horticultural commodities. The...
Proceedings Article

Investigation of C-Organic Content, Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Potassium Nutrients, pH Soil and C/N Ratio of Tidal Rice Fields in Sidomulyo Village, Anggana District, Kutai Kertanegara Regency, East Kalimantan

Suria Darma, Syamad Ramayana, Sadaruddin, Bambang Suprianto
The purpose of this study was to investigate the content of organic C, Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Potassium nutrients, pH soil and C/N ratio in tidal paddy fields in Sidomulyo Village, Anggana District, Kutai Kertanegara Regency, East Kalimantan; use for productivity sustainability conservation; and identify...
Proceedings Article

Arthropoda Diversity in Paddy Field with Refugia Plants

Hasriyanty, Mohammad Yunus, Rosmini, Adelia, Suriani
Refugia is a place or area that is overgrown by several types of flowering plants planted around agricultural land areas that can provide shelter, food sources or other resources for natural enemies such as predators and parasitoids so that refugia is expected to reduce rice pest populations and increase...
Proceedings Article

Numerical and Physical Models of Distal Anastomosis in Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting

Haiyan LONG, Gang YANG
The progressive anastomotic intimal hyperplasia has been considered as a major failure reason for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), which is associated with the abnormality of the hemodynamic conditions. We designed a set of plexiglass models which can serve as in vitro cells or tissue culture...
Proceedings Article

Optimization of Annealing Temperature of HIF-1 A and 18s rRNA in Blood of Swimming Athletes Using RT-PCR

Siska Alicia Farma, Dezi Handayani, Dwi Hilda Putri, Argantos, Syahrastani
Gene expression is the process of reading from DNA into a functional product. Regulation of gene expression through complex mechanisms. HIF1-1α is one of the regulatory genes that regulates the return of homeostasis when there is a lack of oxygen (hypoxia). Hypoxia is often experienced by athletes during...
Proceedings Article

Analysis of Household Food Security Horticultural Farmers Based on Proportion Food Expenditure and Energy Consumption

Dita Atasa, Ida S. Roidah, Dona W. Laily, Yuniar H. Prasekti
Food security as economic access to food availability and production to meet future food security challenges. This study research proposes to analyze the food security of horticultural farmer households based on the proportion of food expenditure and energy consumption. The method analysis uses level...
Proceedings Article

Challenges in Drug Delivery Through Intranasal Route: A CFD Perspective

Anurag Tiwari, Akshoy Ranjan Paul, Anuj Jain
The paper discusses the various challenges encountered during drug delivery through intranasal routes. It also investigates how the computational fluid dynamics (CFD) is effectively utilized by the researchers in mitigating these challenges and to develop a efficient intranasal drug delivery device.
Proceedings Article

On-demand Take of Dapoxetine for the Treatment of Lifelong Premature Ejaculation: Prospective, Randomized, Placebo Controlled Study

Hongyan Li, Yuanyuan Xing, Hai Li
The objective of this study is to assess the safety and efficacy of on-demand use of dapoxetine in treating lifelong premature ejaculation.This is a prospective, single center ,single blind, placebo controlled study. During the period of months between january 2015 and july 2015,60 patients diagnosed...
Proceedings Article

Effect of Kecombrang (Etlingera elatior) as Larvacide to Control Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae)

Ameilia Zuliyanti Siregar, Mahardika Gama Pradana, Diana Rahmi
Kecombrang (Etlingera elatior) as an Indonesian forest plant (generally called kincung, kantan, honje, vanity, tamarind acid, sambuang, scale beetle, siantan, and kecicang), flowering terna, fruit, and its seeds of Zingebereaceae family which are used as vegetable ingredients spices and control of plant...
Proceedings Article

Efficiency of Testosterone Administration on the Performance of Day Old Chick (DOC) Layer: Cockscomb Size, T3/T4 Ratio, and Histopathological Description of Bursa Fabricius

Rizki Fitrawan Yuneldi, Claude Mona Airin, Hendry TSSG Saragih, Pudji Astuti
This study aimed to evaluate the efficiency of single and continuous testosterone injection against cockscomb size, T3/T4 ratio, and histopathological features of the bursa of Fabricius in the male layers. Sixty DOC layers were divided into 3 groups namely control (C), single testosterone injection with...
Proceedings Article

Broiler Performance on Different Housing Condition

A Case Study on Integration Company – Farm Broiler Farming in Kebumen Regency

Setianto Novie Andri, Ismoyowati Ismoyowati, Widiyanti Rahayu, Wakhidati Yusmi Nur, Armelia Vony
This study aimed to examine the production performance of broiler farming in two different housing conditions. The study was conducted in company-farmer integration farming. Respondents were selected using the census method to all 92 broiler farmers with a minimum experience of one year in a company-farmers...
Proceedings Article

The Effect of Hydroponic Planting System and Media on Lettuce Growth (Latuca Sativa L.)

Hamyana Hamyana, Budianto Budianto, Mohamad Imron Bukori
The hydroponic effect as growing systems and media on the growth of lettuce (Lactuca sativa L). Based on the results of identification in the hydroponic farming group, hydroponic cultivation of plants is used as a solution to the problem of lack of land in farming, and lettuce is a top priority that...
Proceedings Article

Unraveling the Genetic Population Structure of Mongolian Indigenous Cattle Breeds Using Whole Genome Sequencing Data

Rugang Tian, Hojjat Asadollahpour Nanaie, Yuan Li, Xiao Wang, Meng Zhao, Hui Li, Hao Zhang, Jianghong Wu
In the present study, we generated complete genome sequence data from 45 Mongolian cattle. Together with published sequence data from world-wide cattle populations, we explored the genetic diversity and population structure of worldwide cattle breeds. Our findings revealed clustering of cattle populations...
Proceedings Article

Gene Prediction Based On a Generalized Hidden Markov Model and Some Statistical Models of Related States: a Review

Rui Guo, Jian Zhang, Ke Yan, Tian-Qi Wang
In recent years, the methods with a generalized hidden Markov model have gained significant application and development in gene prediction, which is predicting the location and structure of genes in genomic sequences, and produced an army of remarkable programs, such as Genie, GENSCAN, AUGUSTUS, etc....
Proceedings Article

Combined Effect of Methanol Extract of Persea americana Seeds and Cassia alata Leaves Against Staphylococcus epidermidis

Morina Adfa, Ni Made Candra Gusatyana, Andre Mudyanto, Avidlyandi Avidlyandi, Dwita Oktiarni, S. Salprima Yudha
The aim of this study was to analyze the individual and combined antimicrobial effects of avocado seed (Persea americana) and ketepeng cina leaf (Cassia alata) methanol extracts against Staphylococcus epidermidis using the Kirby Bauer assay. Variations in the proportions of P. americana to C. alata (A:...
Proceedings Article

Effect Of Coating Material Ratio And Spray Dryer Inlet Temperature On The Characteristics Of Butterfly Pea Flower (Clitoria ternatea L.) Extract Microcapsules

Eunike Budiman, Tagor M. Siregar
Clitoria ternatea L. commonly known as butterfly pea contain a great variety of bioactive compounds and its flower petals containing anthocyanins thus it has a potential to be a natural food colorant. Butterfly pea flower is still rarely used in food products because the anthocyanins and the other bioactive...
Proceedings Article

A Review of the Potential of Beneng Taro as Material for Inulin Making and Its Application to Yogurt

Fitria Riany Eris, Dina Riziani, Vega Yoesepa Pamela, Muhammad Rizal Febriansah, Septariawulan Kusumasari, Arni Komala Sari
Inulin is a polymer of fructose units that are soluble in water and cannot be digested by enzymes but can be fermented by microflora in the colon. Inulin is commonly used as a food additive for synbiotic benefits. Inulin is generally produced from tubers or plant roots. Beneng taro is an indigenous tuber...
Proceedings Article

Supplementation Effects of Ground Cassava and Cassava Leaves with Different Ratios on In Vitro Digestibility of Rice Straw Based-Diet

Muhammad Rizqi Hariz Daulay, Dimas Hand Vidya Paradhipta, Cuk Tri Noviandi, Ali Agus, Andriyani Astuti, Karen Harper
The present study investigated the supplementation effects of ground cassava (GC) and cassava leaves (CL) with different ratios on digestibility of rice straw (RS) based-diet using in vitro technique. Two stages of in vitro ruminal digestibility were prepared and applied with different dietary treatments...
Proceedings Article

Crude Aflatoxin B1 Production Using Maize and Rice Substrates for Animal Research

Muhsin Al Anas, Lies Mira Yusiati, Cuk Tri Noviandi, Ali Agus
This study aimed to develop a simple method of crude aflatoxin (AF) B1 production for animal research. A. flavus was planted on potato dextrose agar (PDA) medium as an isolate to be grown on maize and rice substrates at a concentration of 107/mL. Maize was added to water until the water content reached...
Proceedings Article

Improvement of Drug Supply for Women with Climacteric Disorders

Irina Spichak, Tatyana Babanina, Irina Zhirova
The article presents the results of improving the drug supply for women with menopausal disorders at the regional level. A sociological study of women with climacteric disorders as a consumer of pharmaceutical care has been conducted. Marketing analysis of the Russian and regional pharmaceutical markets...
Proceedings Article

Growth Inhibition of Shenfoweikang Herbs on Gastric Carcinoma Via Signal Transduction Pathways

Xiao-Ping Wang, Huan-Ping Lin, Qiao-Xia Wang, Bing Xu, Xuan Qu, Bao-Ning Qi, Na Chang
To verify the anti-tumor effect of the Shenfoweikang on gastric cancer, BALB/C mice grafted with a mouse gastric adenocarcinoma cell line MFC was used as the experimental model. The mice received Shenfoweikang herbs over a 60-day period starting at the first day. The tumor size was periodically measured....
Proceedings Article

Forest Fire Control Model in Sungai Wain Protection Forest Ecosystem, East Kalimantan, Indonesia

Ambo Dai, Marlon Ivanhoe Aipassa, Wawan Kustiawan, Karyati, Yosep Ruslim
Sungai Wain Protected Forest Area (SWPF) occupies approximately 11,245 hectares of land, yearly fire-year outbreak inside and outside the area. One of the significant problems associated with this area is the optimal fire control measures. Therefore, this study examines the fire control model in Sungai...
Proceedings Article

Low Reproduction Success of Calliandra calothyrsus and It’s Implication for Breeding

Liliana Baskorowati, Rina Laksmi Hendrati, Nur Hidayati, Mashudi, Mudji Susanto, Dedi Setiadi
In anticipating the rapid decrease of energy resource, especially fossil fuel, immediate actions are required to fulfil the needs of highly increased population in the world. Innovation to produce renewable energy from easily utilized raw materials should meet society’s needs including renewable raw...
Proceedings Article

Optimization of Medium and Incubation Time in the Production of Antibacterial Compounds by Streptomyces sp. SA404

A Larasati, D Ryandini, O Oedjijono, D F Kusharyati
Streptomyces sp. SA404 was isolated from the mangrove rhizosphere in Segara Anakan Cilacap known for its production of antibacterial compounds. The production of antibacterial compounds might be influenced by nutrients (C and N sources) and incubation time. The aims of this study were to know the medium...
Proceedings Article

The Effect of Orchid Plants Quality on Consumer Satisfaction Online Sales at CV. Asri Garden Kediri

Puji Astuti, Abu Talkah, Ratna Dewi Mulyaningtiyas
This study has a purpose, namely to determine the characteristics of consumers selling online orchid plants at CV. ASRI GARDEN Kediri, to find out the obstacles in selling orchids online, to see the effect of the quality of orchids on consumer satisfaction online sales of orchids at CV. ASRI GARDEN Kediri....
Proceedings Article

Recovery of Value-Added Products from Swine Manure and Waste Peaches

Matias Vanotti, Ariel Szogi, Raul Moral, William Brigman
A new approach for the recovery of value-added products from wastes is to search for a synergistic effect from combining two or more wastes. This work improved the recovery of phosphorus and proteins from swine manure by adding a second waste to the manure: fruit waste. The second waste rich in sugars...
Proceedings Article

Sequence Analysis of the Gene CYP79B3 in Cabbage (Brassica Oleracea Var. Capitata)

Bo Sun, Min Jiang, Qiao Yuan, Fen Zhang, Haoru Tang
CYP79B3 is an important cytochrome P450 monooxygenases in glucosinolate biosynthesis. Here, the Brassica oleracea var. capitata CYP79B3 (BocCYP79B3) gene sequence was obtained from Brassica database (BRAD), and preformed for sequence analysis. The BocCYP79B3 gene mapped to Scaffold000053, and contains...
Proceedings Article

Biopellet Production from the Wastes of Palm Oil Plantation and Processing Plant Through Various Pretreatment Processes: A Review

Diah Indriani Widiputri, Fernanda Ayuyasmin, Evita Herawati Legowo
Indonesia as one of the world’s largest palm oil producers is facing one significant problem with the amount of wastes they are producing from different stages in palm oil processing, which are consisted of the oil palm trunk (OPT), oil palm frond (OPF), empty fruit bunches (EFB), mesocarp fibre (MF)...
Proceedings Article

In Silico Evaluation of Soybean Protein as Bioactive Peptide for Anti-Thrombotic Agent by Molecular Docking Study

Fadilla Sherlyna, Muhammad Ilham Fahri, Arief Koeswanto, Dandan Wang
Cardiovascular Diseases (CVDs) are a growing global concern, including in Indonesia. By 2021, strokes were the leading cause of cardiovascular diseases (CVD), affecting 87% of the global population, while in 2018, 33.3% of Indonesians experienced CVD primarily due to strokes. Thrombolysis mediated by...
Proceedings Article

Development of Species-Specific Cichla Species eDNA Primers for Rapid Alien Invasive Species (AIS) Monitoring

Nurul Fizatul Nabilah Osman, Adibah Abu Bakar, Ramizah Abdull Rahman, Syazwan Saidin, Intan Faraha A. Ghani, Amirrudin Ahmad
Locally known as top predator fishes, peacock bass or cichlids are invasive in Malaysia’s freshwater ecosystem. Due to the nature of these fish, which involves hiding beneath the water’s surface, detection probability for these species are often poor, especially when utilizing the traditional capture-survey...
Proceedings Article

The Genetic Diversity of Moringa Oleifera on Poteran Island-Madura Based on Petiole Colors Using ISSR (Inter Simple Sequence Repeat) Method

Wirdhatul Muslihatin, Triono Bagus Saputro, Nur Isma Latifah, Chusnul Eka Safitri Himayani
Moringa oleifera, which is endemic of Pulau Poteran, Madura, is one of a genetic variation of Moringa. It is native Indonesian germplasm, which must be preserved to maintain the genetic biodiversity of Moringa. Known locally as kelor, the plant has four different color of petiole: red, white, purple,...
Proceedings Article

Preliminary Study on The SYBR Green I RT- qPCR for Rabbit Hemorrhagic Disease Virus 2 (RHDV2) Detection

Zexiao YANG, Yadong LIU, Zhengqun MENG, Bo WANG, Xueping YAO, Yin WANG, Yi GENG, Yan LI
To develop a rapid method for the detection RHDV2, 4 specific primers and 12 overlapping PCR primers were designed to amplify the conserved RHDV2 specific DNA fragment according to the genome sequences of RHDV and RHDV2 published in GenBank. Based on the synthesis of a conserved part of the RHDV2 sequence...
Proceedings Article

Characteristics of Mahogany Stomata (Swietenia macrophylla K.) in Polluted Environments

M Des, Vauzia, Yensi Sri Gusti
One of a plant that is usually used as a green roadside plant in the urban area is mahogany (Swietenia macrophylla K.). The influence of environmental pollution in plants can be seen from stomata in the leaves. This study was aimed to determine the characteristic of the mahogany leaf stomata in a polluted...
Proceedings Article

Game Media Design for Students’ Banten Local Food Knowledge

Hepsi Nindiasari, Nurhaidah Gailea, Novaliyosi, Pipit Marianingsih, Ayrin
Banten Province has many local food, such as corn, Aren, and milkfish. The benefits of these local food is still largely unknown by school students in Banten Province. The developed of game interactive with local food content can be an interesting way as teaching learning media. The research aimed to...
Proceedings Article

Nutritive Value of Botanical Fraction in Maize By-Products from Various Varieties

Endang Sutedi, Budi Utomo, Heri Kurnianto
This study was conducted to evaluate botanical fraction from three varieties of maize by-products. Maize varieties evaluated were Bisi 816, Pioneer 12 and Bima2 obtained from different locations. The plants were harvested at the grain maturity stage. The stover was partitioned based on its botanical...
Proceedings Article

Analysis of Population Pressure and Environmental Carrying Capacity on Agricultural Land in Lampung Province

Nabilah Luthfatur Rohmah, Rifky Faisal Achmad, Utia Kafafa, Helmi Putri Ramdhani, Ratih Fitria Putri, Heein Yang
Population growth is a problem that can lead to the conservation of agricultural land. This can result in increasing population pressure on agricultural land. The purpose of this study was to determine the condition of population pressure and environmental carrying capacity (ECC) on agricultural land...
Proceedings Article

Improvement of Breeding Management towards Productivity of Alabio Duck in Swamp Land, South Kalimantan

Ahmad Subhan, Akhmad Hamdan, Fiqy Hilmawan, Retna Qomariah, Muhammad Amin, Eni Siti Rohaeni
Alabio duck is a local duck and germplasm from South Kalimantan that lives and breeds in swamp agroecosystems. The necessity of Alabio duck breeds or day old duck (DOD) and duckling as a potential broodstock increases every year. The necessity of Alabio duck breed hasn’t been fulfilled properly because...
Proceedings Article

Bibliometric Analysis of Research Development in the Field of Science Cartilage Regeneration Using Adipose-Derived Stem Cells

Astrid Jessica Halim, Imam Rosadi
In order to analyze trends of development bibliometric analysis of researches development in major of science cartilage regeneration using adipose-derived stem cells that conducted in 2013–2022, wished could help other researches to comprehend latest information of this trend. This study is directed...
Proceedings Article

Study on Marshall Stability of Asphalt Concrete Mixture Due to the Addition of Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET)

Syamsul Arifin, Ratnasari Ramlan, Jurair Patunrangi, Arief Setiawan, Taslim Bahar
Rapid population growth is directly proportional to the increase in the consumption of polymers or plastics. It is very difficult to decompose in the soil, efforts to use it as an additional material for road construction are important. The addition of polymer can increase the stiffness of the asphalt...
Proceedings Article

The Neural Mechanism of Acupuncture Analgesia

Qiu-ling XU, Tao LIU
The acupuncture signal in the uplink conduction, one side through the spinal cord segmental relationship affect the adjacent segments dominated by the skin, visceral activity and adjacent segments of the pain in the introduction; more often up to reach the brain stem, Forebrain and other parts, through...
Proceedings Article

Molecular Study of Myostatin Gene in Stallion and Mares of Sandelwood Horses in Sumba Island, East Nusa Tenggara

Cynthia Dewi Gaina, Frist B. H. Francis
Sandelwood horse is one of local horses in Indonesia that has become known for its use in horse racing competition. Many genes are known to have an effect on performances traits, but the role of one gene, Myostatin (MSTN) has not been explored yet. This gene is responsible for embryonic and adult muscle...
Proceedings Article

Drip irrigation system on Pakcoy (Brassica rapa subsp.) Based on Microcontroller in open land, Bolo District, Bima Regency

Ida Ayu Widhiantari, Joko Sumarsono, M Daniawan
Dry land productivity can be increased by building irrigation networks, one of which is microcontroller-based drip irrigation. The purpose of this study was to determine the performance of the drip irrigation system on mustard pakcoy (Brassica rapa Subsp. chinensis) automatically using the Arduino uno...
Proceedings Article

Growth Assessment of Broiler Chickens Given Bitter Leaves (Vernonia amygdalina) as Phyto-additive, Potentially Antimicrobial Agents of Lipids and Amino Acids

Jet Saartje Mandey, Meity Sompie, Fenny Rinay Wolayan
This research was conducted to evaluate the growth of broiler chickens given bitter leaves (Vernonia amygdalina) in the drink as phytoadditive, potentially antimicrobial agents of lipids and amino acids. Amino acids of bitter leaves were analyzed by HPLC method, the fatty acid and fat content of bitter...
Proceedings Article

Application of Flexible Ureteroscope in Diagnosis and Treatment of Upper Urinary Tract Disease

Fanping Meng, Jiantao Xian, Xu Zhou, Ji Gao
Objective: To summarize the clinic experience of flexible ureteroscope in diagnosis and treatment of upper urinary tract disease. Method: From Nov 2013 to Dec 2015, 60 hematuresis cases underwent flexible ureteroscope for diagnosis and treatment of upper urinary tract. Clinical data was analyzed retrospectively....
Proceedings Article

Association of Rhinoceros Beetle (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) with Three Agave Plant Species

Sujak, Dwi Adi Sunarto, Nurindah
Rhinoceros beetle (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) is known as a phytophagous insect found associating with Agave spp. and has the potential to become a pest in crop cultivation. Agave is a fiber-producing plant utilized in natural fiber-based industries. This research was carried out with the aim to determine...
Proceedings Article

Survival Rate and Feed Conversion Ratio of Milkfish in Different Silvoaquaculture Ponds

Muarif, Y. Wahyudin, D. Merdekawati, Mulyana, F.S. Mumpuni
Silvoaquaculture is a model of brackish water ponds that combines aquaculture with mangrove conservation. This study examines aspects of feed conversion ratio (FCR) and survival rate (SR) as benchmarks for milkfish production that are maintained in three different types of silvoaquaculture ponds (Empang...
Proceedings Article

The Role of Different Types of Biochar Sources and Organic Fertilizers on Soybean Growth in Kayu Putih Agroforestry Systems

Aprilia Ike Nurmalasari, Maria Theresia Sri Budiastuti, Muji Rahayu, Ariya Mahmud Tahannantha Agung
Dry land based on agroforestry has the potential to be utilized, but there are limiting factors such as low soil fertility. The use of organic fertilizers and biochar can increase soil fertility. The purpose of this study was to examine the response of soybean growth to the application of types of organic...
Proceedings Article

The Ks and µmax Determination of Proteolytic Lactic Acid Bacteria Isolated from Colostrum of Dairy Cattle with Differences in Energy Source Levels

Yuhud Agung Nugroho, Zaenal Bachruddin, Widodo Widodo, Yuny Erwanto, Chusnul Hanim
This study determines the optimal substrate-level used by proteolytic acid lactic bacteria to produce a product expressed in substrate affinity constant (Ks). Proteolytic lactic acid bacteria were isolated from cow colostrum, carried out at the Laboratory of Nutritional Biochemistry, Faculty of Animal...
Proceedings Article

Comprehensive treatment progress of metastatic bone tumor

Rui Jiang, Ziyan Zhang, Han Wu, Chao Zhang
Objective: to summarize and analyze the clinical characteristic and clinical features of metastatic bone tumors: metastatic bone tumors occur in male patients mostly, mainly including male patients from 41 to 70 years old. The most common primary lesions of male patients include lung, prostate and liver....
Proceedings Article

Optimization of Drug Provision for Children with Diseases of Autonomic Nervous System under Inpatient Treatment

Irina Spichak, Olga Vladimirova, Irina Zhirova
The article presents the results of the optimization of the drug supply for children with disorders of the autonomic nervous system (ANS) under inpatient treatment at the regional level; a socio-demographic portrait of a child affected with autonomic dysfunction syndrome has been developed; a pharmacoeconomic...
Proceedings Article

Inhibitory Activity Test of Essential Oils Made from Pomelo, Sweet Orange, and Lime Fruit Peels Against Pathogenic Fungal Growth as an Antifungal in Animal Feed Ingredients

Riza Zainuddin Ahmad, Bachtar Bakrie, Eni Kusmaningtias, Dwi Endrawati
This study aims to determine the essential oils most effective in inhibiting the growth of pathogenic fungi (mold and yeast) in animal feed ingredients. Comparisons were made to the essential oils made from the peel of 3 types of citrus fruits: Pomelo, Sweet orange, and Lime. The research was conducted...
Proceedings Article

The Connotation and Extension of Formulated Essential Oil (FEO)

Meng-Fan Peng, Ming-San Miao
The FEO is made from a certain proportion of essential oil component of the curative effect, including terpenes, aliphatic, aromatic and nitrogen containing sulfur compounds. Traditional essential oil is processed and made into tablets, capsules and other dosage forms oral administration, effective ingredients...
Proceedings Article

Isolation of Endophytic Fungi from Stem of Andaleh (Morus macroura Miq.) That Produce Antimicrobial Compound

Dezi Handayani, Dwi Hilda Putri, Siska Alicia Farma, Noveli Annisa, Mila Oktaviani, Rahwani
Antibiotic resistance is a serious problem that needs to be dealt with immediately. One of solution can be issued is find and develop new potential antimicrobial derived from natural resources. Stem of Andaleh plant (Morus macroura Miq.) is potential candidate of natural resources which has antimicrobial...
Proceedings Article

Study on Genetic Variability and Heritability in F5 Segregating Generation for Yield and Its Compenents in Yardlong Bean

Florentina Kusmiyati, Syaiful Anwar, Bagus Herwibawa
Yardlong bean is one of the important vegetable crops in Indonesia. Immature pod of yardlong bean has various colour such as green, whitish green, red and purple. Artificial cross was done between purple and whitish green pod to get F1. First filial (F1) were advanced to F5 segregating generations for...
Proceedings Article

Sex-Embryo Determination Using the Heart Rate as a Non-destructive Method in the Avian Species: Study on Japanese Quail (Cortunix japonica)

Asmoro Lelono, Bambang Sugiharto
Sex determination of the embryo during the incubation phase is crucial in the poultry industry. This study focused on solving one of the crucial problems during the incubation phase in the laying poultry breeding industry, namely determining the sex of the embryos. The early stages of research will focus...
Proceedings Article

Study of the Potential Use of Fermentation Methods to Increase Antioxidant and Antibacterial Activity of Fruit Peels: A Review

Merry Meryam Martgrita, Nehemia Roito Hutajulu, Hanna Gretty Manik, Adelina Manurung
Food industry waste, especially fruit peels, increases every year and their disposal can cause environmental pollution that can affect health. Fruit peels are known to contain antioxidant and antibacterial compounds, and their utilization can provide more value to fruit peel waste. This literature review...
Proceedings Article

Development Model of School Gardens Through Vegetables Go to School (VGtS) Activities for Improving Nutrition of Elementary Age Children in Batang Regency, Central Java Province

Mochamad Zakky, Heri Suliyanto, Temy Indrayanti, Rinna Syawal
Indonesia was currently facing multiple nutritional problems. One of the nutritional problems was caused by a lack of consumption of vegetables. The Vegetables Go to School (VGtS) activity was a solution to promote a balanced nutrition menu, nutrition education and family nutrition development. The purpose...
Proceedings Article

Conservation of Hawksbill Turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata) in Indonesia

Lessons Learned and Future Challenges

Adela Hemelikova, Pavel Zoubek, Tomas Ouhel, Awaluddin Awaluddin, Teuku Reza Ferasyi
The Hawksbill turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata) is a highly migratory species of subtropical and tropical areas with an important role in the ecosystem. However, the hawksbill turtles are being hunted for their shell to make jewelry and decorative products. The harvest of its tortoiseshell with a combination...
Proceedings Article

Growth Variation of Swietenia macrophylla King. Progeny Trial at 18 Months of Age in Trenggalek East Java

Mashudi, Sugeng Pudjiono, Dedi Setiadi, Nur Hidayati, Maman Sulaeman, Liliana Baskorowati, Rina Laksmi Hendrati, Mudji Susanto
Swietenia macrophylla King. as known as wide leaf mahogany is a type of exotic species from Latin America that is common planted in Indonesia. This species is widely cultivated in several regions in Indonesia due to the high demand for carpentry timber. Therefore, to meet the high demand of wide leaf...
Proceedings Article

Isolation and Characterization of Wild Type Acetobacter xylinum from Nata de Coco Industry in Surakarta Residency

E R Karuni, A M Sari, A Nursiwi, A P Sanjaya
Starter quality is one of critical factor in nata de coco fermentation. The isolation of nata de coco starter was needed in order to obtain pure isolate. In this research, isolation was conducted to 3 different starters from small nata de coco industries in Surakarta Regency (SME). The isolation produced...
Proceedings Article

Implementation of Good Warehouse Practices (GWP) and Good Distribution Practices (GDP) on Rice Product Case Study of PT. Agrobisnis Banten Mandiri

Putri Hana Yuliana, Fitria Riany Eris, Rangga Galura Gumelar, Ilham Mustofa
Rice is the important food crop in the world and has become a staple food for more than half of the world’s population. PT Agrobisnis Banten Mandiri (PT ABM) is a food distribution center in Banten Province that especially handles rice products. It is a must that a warehousing and distribution system...
Proceedings Article

Potential Application of Oleogel and Citrus Peel Fiber in Oil Uptake Reduction of Deep-Fried Surimi Products: An Overview

Joinul Islam, Reza Tahergorabi
Deep-fried foods are getting popular due to their unique flavor, taste, and texture. Surimi is deboned minced fish flesh which is prepared by washing out fat, blood, and impurities. Surimi is generally used as a functional ingredient in various surimi-based products. Although deep-fried surimi-based...
Proceedings Article

Electrical Kindling Rat Model Preparation and Analysis of EEG Signals

Lijuan Shi, Yi Yu, Yun Zhao, Liuyang Xu, Xinqi He, Juntang Lin
. Epilepsy (Epilepsy, EP) is a brain functional disorder caused by brain neurons abnormal discharge, however, the etiology and pathogenesis of epilepsy is still unclear. With the development of computer technology and digital signal processing technology, research and analysis of EEG signals is gradually...
Proceedings Article

Analysis of Animal Models of Oral Ulcers Based on the Characteristics of Clinical Symptoms of Chinese and Western Medicine

Huan LI, Ming BAI, Yan-yan MIAO, Ming-san MIAO
Objective: To analyze the methods and characteristics of animal model of oral ulcer and the characteristics of Chinese and Western medicine oral ulcer disease anastomosis. Methods: To summarize the characteristics of animal models of oral ulcers, modeling methods, analysis of oral ulcer animal model...
Proceedings Article

Amygdala-Prefrontal Connectivity Analysis of Decoding Human Emotion

Wenjie HE, Haibing BU, Zhonglin LI, Bin YAN, Li TONG, Linyuan WANG
Functional neuroimaging studies have found that emotion network in patients with some psychiatric and neurological diseases was abnormal. However, human emotion network is extremely complex and understanding of it still remains unclear. So, it's difficult to regulate and remodel emotion network directly....
Proceedings Article

The Effect of Additional Sludge Resulted From Laundry Wastewater in Flocculation – Coagulation Which Used as Mixture of Planting Media in the Growth of Chili Plants (Capsicum annuum L)

Yeyen Maryani, Daniel Baginda, Ila Nurfadilah
Laundry services have become a necessity and spread in every city in Indonesia. The number of laundry businesses produces waste containing surfactant (Linear Alkylbenzene Sulfonate/LAS) as an active detergent and phosphate compound (Sodium Tri Poly Phosphate/STPP) to improve washing power efficiency....
Proceedings Article

Dynamics of Agricultural Land and Sustainability of the Agricultural Sector in the Province of Bali 2015-2020

Ragil Setiawan, Anugrah Aditya Insani, Atikah Nian Indrastuti, Dwiyanti Purwanto, Hidayati Nur Rohmah, Rahma Permata Suci, Marinda Mustika Ayu, Rohayu Che Omar, Ratih Fitria Putri
The agricultural sector in Bali Province is increasingly being displaced by other sectors to support tourism. This is indicated by the reduction of agricultural land to non-agricultural land, even though agriculture is a sector that is very much needed by Balinese people to support life both in the present...
Proceedings Article

Edge Detection of Strawberries Ripeness Based on Model Optimization Using Intel OpenVINO Toolkit

Yosef Adhitya Duta Dewangga, Agus Bejo, Eka Firmansyah
The improvement of automation and big data analytics with technology is giving big benefits to the agriculture sector. In the open field crops, farming robot technology helps farmers to spray fertilizer. Soil data analysis can help to determine plant treatment. Harvesting robots for picking fruits with...
Proceedings Article

Morphology and Morphometric of Frozen-thawed Pasundan Cattle Sperm Incubated in Extreme pH Media

Rini Widyastuti, Diah Nugrahani Pristihadi, Noer Muhammad Dliyaul Haq, Sigit Prastowo, Hera Maheshwari, Cece Sumantri, Arief Boediono
An evaluation of sperm morphology and morphometry is useful to predict sperm quality and in the diagnosis of fertile animals. The purpose of this study is to assess the morphology and morphometry of frozen-thawed Pasundan Cattle sperm, as well as the correlation between the two parameters. The sample...
Proceedings Article

Utilization of Fermented Cocoa Pod Husk (CPH) as Feed Ingredient for Sheep

Susana IW Rakhmani, Wisri Puastuti
The experiment of sheep feeding with concentrate contained fermented cocoa pod husk (FCPH) has been conducted at the IRIAP research station. The experiment aimed to study and evaluate FCPH product for sheep. Fermentation of cocoa pod husk using Aspergillus oryzae was carried out for three days. The FCPH...
Proceedings Article

Effect of Cinnamon Extract on Energy and Protein Utilization Efficiency of Broilers Chickens

Ihsan Zain Nida, Aji Praba Baskara, Bambang Ariyadi, Nanung Danar Dono, Zuprizal Zuprizal
This study aimed to evaluate the effect of cinnamon extract (Cinnamomum burmannii) in drinking water on energy and protein utilization efficiency of broilers. 200 Lohmann W99 Grade-A broilers were randomly divided into 5 treatment groups and 5 replications, and each replication consisted of 8 chickens....
Proceedings Article

Marketing Analysis of the Pharmaceutical Market of Drugs for Weight Disorder Treatment

Alena Spichak, Galina Glembotskaya, Galina Varenykh, Irina Zhirova
The article presents the results of a marketing research of the Russian pharmaceutical market of drugs for the treatment of weight disorders - overweight and underweight. Macrocontours have been developed, the main trends in market formation have been identified.
Proceedings Article

Isolation and Activity of Amylase Enzyme in Isolates of Fungi From Black Rice Lemang (Oryza sativa Siarang)

Mades Fifendy, Periadnadi, Gustina Indriati, Syovia Osnita, Lara Annisa
Black rice Lemang (Oryza sativa Siarang) from Kenagarian Talang Babungo is one of the Minangkabau specialties. Lemang left moldy to get a different taste from ordinary lemang. This fungus occurs in chemical processes that are assisted by the amylase enzyme that functions to break down starch into simple...
Proceedings Article

The Potential of Fungal Isolates from Vermicompost Water Extract to Inhibit Alternaria solani in Vitro and Suppress Early Blight Disease in Tomato

Noor Istifadah, Retno Anjani Putri, Fitri Widiantini, Sri Hartati
Early blight disease caused by Alternaria solani, Sorr is an important disease in tomato. Biological control is one of the environmentally-friendly control measures of the disease. Vermicompost is a potential source of antagonistic microbes for biological control of plant diseases. The objective of this...
Proceedings Article

Genome Scale Pathway-Pathway Co-functional Synergistic Network (PcFSN) in Oryza Sativa

Chittabrata Mal, Ayushman Kumar Banerjee, Joyabrata Mal
Cohesive network modelling and systems biology have emerged as extremely potent tools which helps understanding the combinatorial effects of biomolecules. Synergistic modulation among biomolecules (e.g., enzymes, transcription factors, microRNAs, drugs, etc.) are significant in finding out complex regulatory...
Proceedings Article

Analysis of land suitability of leading commodities tomato and chili in the sub-district of Moyo Hilir, Sumbawa Regency, West Nusa Tenggara

Joko Sumarsono, Ida Ayu Widhiantari, Sandy Eka Saputra
Land evaluation is assessing land resources for a specific purpose using a tested approach. Tomato and Chili plants can be planted in rice fields or dry fields, lowlands and highlands, and during the dry and rainy season. This study aimed to determine the land suitability of the superior vegetable commodities...
Proceedings Article

Hematology Profile of Guinea Pigs [Cavia porcellus (Linnaeus, 1758)] Based on Sex and Age

Laksmindra Fitria, Sri Lestari, Asti Nur Istiqomah, Novita Paradhita Wulandari, Anggadia Shinta Wardani
Guinea pigs or Cavia porcellus (Linnaeus, 1758) is small herbivorous rodent from South America. Guinea pigs (GP) are commonly used as experimental animals, pets, food, and animal-assisted therapy (AAT). Based on these benefits, the health of GP must be considered. Blood is essential biological sample...
Proceedings Article

The Separation and Purification of Se-enriched Mycelium Polysaccharides of Catathelasma Ventricosum and Their Anti-hyperglycemic and Antioxidant Activity

Yun-Tao Liu, Qian-Qian Tang, Yu-Xian You, Si-Qi Zeng, Yi-Wen Li, Di Chen, Ai-Ping Liu, Chao-Hui Feng, Zhao Su, Cheng Li, Dai-Wen Chen
Selenium (Se) is an essential nutrient for humans as it plays an important role in anti-hyperglycemic and antioxidant activities. The objective of this work was to evaluate anti-hyperglycemic and antioxidant activities of Se-enriched mycelium polysaccharides. The Se-enriched mycelium polysaccharides...
Proceedings Article

Effects of Cattle Integration on Non-Crop Vegetation and Parasitic Hymenoptera Diversity in Oil Palm Plantations in Central Kalimantan, Indonesia

Dani Aldinas, Radhian Prabowo, Damayanti Buchori, Bandung Sahari
Non crop vegetation provides a microclimate, alternative host and food source (nectar) for Parasitic Hymenoptera community. Oil palm-cattle integration system may reduce understorey non crop vegetation and also affects community structure of parasitic Hymenoptera. The aim of this research is to study...
Proceedings Article

Income Optimization by Utilizing Rotiklot Dam Irrigation and Marginal Agricultural Land in Border Area

Werenfridus Taena, Fried Markus Allung Blegur, Boanerges Putra Sipayung, Anggelina Delviana Klau
The study aims to (1) build a linear programming model and determine the optimal volume of dam water that maximizes farmers’ income based on plant types and field area for two growing seasons; (2) modify the linear programming model by incorporating marginal land, (3) test model sensitivity to obtain...
Proceedings Article

Karyotype Analysis of Two Kinds of Red Petioles Leaf Beet

Bo Sun, Yuxiao Tian, Xue Xia, Fen Zhang, Haoru Tang
Leaf beet is one of the important leaf vegetables and has important ornamental value. Red petioles leaf beet includes two kinds, green leaves and red leaves. They are new types of leaf beet and are popular with consumers. In this research, we try to obtain cytological parameters on these two leaf beet....
Proceedings Article

Morphological Features and Molecular of Plasmodium inui in Macaca fascicularis from Bogor, West Java

Upik Kesumawati, Lis Rosmanah, Susi Soviana, Uus Saepuloh, Huda Shalahudin Darusman
Plasmodium is causative agent of malaria in human through the intermediary of female mosquitoes Anopheles spp. Two of the most important human malaria parasites, P. falciparum and P. vivax, are derived from the complete transmission event of non-human primate malaria species to human. Late data shows...
Proceedings Article

Nutrient Concentration of N, P and K in the Components of Eucalyptus pellita F. Muell Tree in East Kalimantan, Indonesia

Ria Paranoan, Wawan Kustiawan, Marjenah Marjenah, Wahjuni Hartati, Syahrinudin Syahrinudin, Sukartiningsih Sukartiningsih, Triyono Sudarmadji
Eucalyptus pellita F. Muell is one of the species developed in industrial forest plantations that has the potential for pulp and paper. Therefore, this research aims to determine the concentration of N, P, and K nutrients in the Eucalyptus pellita F. Muell tree components. This research was conducted...
Proceedings Article

Diversity in Research: a catalyst to innovation in science education

Gertie H. P. Arts, Chioma Blaise Chikere, Okafor Chidinma Peace, Eka B. Essien, Udeme Georgewill, Laura Nwogu-Chigozie, Elizabeth Amadi Ihuoma
The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development was adopted by all United Nations Member States in 2015. 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) form the basis for this agenda. This agenda clearly shows that global partnerships are needed to solve world-wide problems. Besides, solving these problems should...
Proceedings Article

Relative Efficiency of Potato Farming with Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) Approach in Karangreja District, Purbalingga Regency

Dindy Darmawati Putri, Irene Kartika Eka Wijayanti, Altri Mulyani, Agus Sutanto, Djeimy Kusnaman, Suyono, Ratna Satriani
Potato farming has a contribution in improving the welfare of potato farmers in Karangreja District. However, a high amount of production does not guarantee farmers get high profits as well. The level of income obtained by farmers depends on the level of production achieved in managing their farm with...
Proceedings Article

Effect of Condensed Tannin and Myristic Acid in Corn Straw-Based Complete Feeds on NH3 Concentration and Microbial Protein Synthesis

Siti Chuzaemi, Mashudi Mashudi, Poespitasari Hazanah Ndaru, Asri Nurul Huda, Eko Agus Siswoyo
This study aimed to determine the effect of condensed tannin (CT) and myristic acid in corn straw-based complete feed on NH3 concentration and in vitro synthesis of microbial protein. The materials used in this study were corn straw, CT, myristic acid, coffee husk rice bran, soybean meal, copra meal,...
Proceedings Article

The Review on the Function of Intestinal Flora and the Regulatory Effects of Probiotics on the Intestinal Health of Rabbits

Hong-Ju Chen, Wan-Ying Yang, Chun-Yang Wang
Rabbits are both monogastric and herbivore animals, with special digestive and physiological characteristics. The establishment of healthy, stable and diverse digestive tract microflora is of great significance for rabbits to resist intestinal diseases.Probiotics have been defined as living bacteria...
Proceedings Article

Preliminary Study on the Bacterial Community Structure of Ganoderma Soil Under Oil Palm Plantation

F Hidayat, R Farrasati, I Pradiko, E Listia, M Syarovy, S Rahutomo, Winarna
Basal stem rot (BSR) disease is caused by Ganoderma boninense; it has become a major disease in oil palm plantations over the years and causes a significant yield drop in oil palm plantations, especially in Sumatera. Nowadays, the incidence level of BSR across Sumatera has reached 39% and is predicted...
Proceedings Article

The Study of Several Applicable Treatments for Serving Butterfly Pea Flower Drinks

Jesslyn Sofyan, Tabligh Permana, Abdullah Muzi Marpaung
A wide range of serving methods of butterfly pea flower drinks are available in practice. Three typical variables in the serving method are studied in this research. They are pre-treatment of the petal before extraction (fresh, refrigerated for two days, dried at 45ºC for 48 hours), the method of extraction...
Proceedings Article

GH, GHRH, and PIT Genes Polymorphisms of Local Swamp Buffalo in Pandeglang District, Banten Province

A. Anggraeni, C. Thalib, F. Saputra
The molecular selection of the genes influencing growth qualities can be used to genetically improve the production of native swamp buffaloes. Local swamp buffalo (60 hds.) maintained by smallholders in Pandeglang Regency, Banten Province, were examined for the genetic polymorphism of the growing family...
Proceedings Article

Estimating the Anoa (Bubalus spp.) Occupancy Area and Enviromental Factors Effect In Dako Mountain Nature Reserve, Central Sulawesi, Indonesia

Yusuf Sulo, Sri Ningsih Mallombasang, Abdul Rosyid, Shahabuddin Saleh
Anoa, a tiny buffalo endemic to the Indonesian island of Sulawesi (and surrounding offshore islands) is the largest wild terrestrial mammal in Sulawesi. It is protected by the Government of the Republic of Indonesia, categorized as Endangered (EN) based on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, and...
Proceedings Article

Research on Functional Electrical Stimulation to Achieve Hand Gripping Action

Xinqi He, Lijuan Shi, Liuyang Xu, Yi Yu, Yun Zhao, Juntang Lin
. Functional Electrical Stimulation is a treatment method of using the output current of the functional electric stimulator to stimulate the nerves or muscles through the setting of functional electrical stimulator parameters. The motor function of the injured patients recovery the function of movement...
Proceedings Article

Safety study of jelly (kissel) concentrates in the in vivo experiments

Viktoriya Strizhevskaya, Vladimir Salautin, Inna Simakova, Ekaterina Volf, Maksim Maradudin
The aim of this paper was to study the influence on morpho-functional indicators of the organism of experimental animals by regular consumption of jelly (kissel) concentrates in industrial production in comparison with the jelly (kissel) prepared according to the set of technical standards. The impact...
Proceedings Article

The Analysis of Morphometric Index of Four Buffaloes Populations in Southeast Sulawesi, Indonesia

Muh. Rusdin, La Ode Nafiu, Takdir Saili, Achmad Selamet Aku, Rahman, Rusli Badaruddin
The objective of this study is to analyze the morphometric index of four buffalo populations in Southeast Sulawesi. Swamp buffaloes samples in this study were 271 head, from Bombana Island, Bombana Mainland, Kolaka, and Konawe populations. The observed morphometric index variables included height slope,...