Advances in Biological Sciences Research

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2289 articles
Proceedings Article

Polydopamine-based Materials as Carriers for Drug Delivery

Xinyu Cui, Yuanyi Wang, Yuanyuan Yin, Miaojing Li
Polydopamine (PDA)–based material with tailored structures and properties are of particular interests due to their multifunctions and potential applications as new colloidal structures in diverse field. The past several years has witnessed a rapid increase of research concerning the new fabrication strategies,...
Proceedings Article

SD Rat Liver Polydatin Concentration Control Based On Sliding Mode with High-gain Observer

Jian-Yang Lin, Yu-Shuai Bu, Jin-Rui Gao
In this paper, we use the sliding mode control based on high gain observer to control the concentration of Polydatin in the liver of SD rates. Through data processing and with the help of the nlinfit function in MATLAB, we take a fitting analysis by using the Polydatin distribution data in SD rats’ liver...
Proceedings Article

Development of Problem Based Learning Module for Natural Science (MIPA) Grade XI in Senior High School (SMAN 3) Kerinci

D Permatasari, A Anhar
Students have difficilty in understanding the topic of respiration and excretion system because the topics are memorized, altough the topics are very close to life, so students need a module that can help them in finding concepts base on problems that are close to life. The modules had used in the school...
Proceedings Article

Role of the Agriculture Sector in Poverty Reduction in East Kalimantan

Mariyah Mariyah, Agung Enggal Nugroho
The agricultural sector provides support for food availability, employment, and increases household income in the urban or rural area. Household income determines expenditure and becomes the basis for determining the poverty line. East Kalimantan economy is still dominated by the mining sector. The development...
Proceedings Article

Study of Palm Oil Mill Effluent for Land Application Suitability in Lamandau Regency, Kalimantan Tengah Province

Hilary Reinhart, Suaduan Syahri, Dalili Ghaisani Hashifah, Linggar Esty Hardini
This research puts the POME Land Application upfront and aims to evaluate the land suitability for POME land application and determine the suitable area for the land application in Lamandau Regency. This research uses Geographic Information System (GIS) to determine the land suitability for land application....
Proceedings Article

Relationship Between Body Height with Upper Arm Length, Sole Length and Foot Width in the East Jakarta Region

Aviani Rinfi Shafira, Winati Nurhayu, Iffa Afiqa Khairani, Andy Darmawan, Gres Mareta, Jeane Siswitasari Mulyana
Height or stature is one of the four main parameters used to identify individuals, along with sex, age, and ethnicity. In cases where a body has been fragmented or dismembered, estimating a person’s height by measuring long bones can help determine his identity. Research on the relationship between height...
Proceedings Article

Bst polymerase enhancement a bioinformatics approach to improve Bst polymerase characteristics

Jonathan, Ernest Suryadjaja, Sulistyo Emantoko D. Putra
DNA polymerase is a remarkably incredible invention in the biotechnology field. Since its discovery, molecular genetic-based research has been growing rapidly. Various methods for molecular-based diagnostics have been developed since. One of which is Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification; this method...
Proceedings Article

Inference of Pure Titanium Micro-arc Oxidation Process on Microstructure of Calcium Phosphate Membrane Layer

Yu-lei LI, Jin-jun TANG, Yue-lai DAI, Li-jun ZHANG, Xiao-yu JIN
In this paper, the growth law of the phosphate and calcium layer in different voltage process was studied. The surface morphology of the film was observed by SEM, and then the distribution of phosphorus and calcium in the film was analyzed. The results show that the higher the voltage, the more uniform...
Proceedings Article

Search of New Opportunities of Pharmacological Protection at the Early Stages of a Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease Associated With Obesity and Metabolic Syndrome

Elena Zhilyakova, Tatyana Golivets, Zoya Tsvetkova, Diana Dubonosova
This article provides the rationale for the pharmacological correction of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. This is due to the fact that non-alcoholic steatohepatosis of the liver is a slowly progressing disease. Most often, non-alcoholic steatohepatosis progresses to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis,...
Proceedings Article

The Manglid (Manglietia glauca Bl) Growth Variations at Age of 42 Months in Candiroto Temanggung Central Java

Sugeng Pudjiono, Mudji Susanto, Mashudi, Dedi Setiadi, Maman Sulaeman, Ratna Adji Hartati, Taufik Rahmadi, Aris Wibowo
Manglid (Manglietia glauca Bl) is an indigenous tree species in the Indonesian forest whose existence began to be difficult to find. Wood is the part of the plant that can be used. The development of this plant which is the local genetic resources need to be done with the breeding program. In connection...
Proceedings Article

Pretreatment of Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME) Using Lipase and Xylanase to Improve Biogas Production

O M Shafwah, D Suhendar, S Hudiyono
The production process at biogas reactors from Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME) often faces problems due to limited hydrolysis rates. This limitation occurs due to the formation of mud and lumps which reduce the effective volume of the biogas digester and reduce the potential for biogas produced. The sludge...
Proceedings Article

Isolation and Identification of Trichoderma species From South-South Geopolitical Zone of Nigeria

O. N. Akomah-Abadaike, M. C. Goddey
Yam rot caused by fungal pathogens has been of great concern to farmers in Nigeria and farmers of South-South Geopolitical zone of Nigeria are not exempted of this yam spoilage plight. This study was carried out on yam cultivated and harvested in the South-South of Nigeria to isolate and identify eco-friendly...
Proceedings Article

Pre-Weaning Growth Performance and Body Condition Score of Ongole Crossbreed (PO) Cattle Based on Cows Parity

La Ode Nafiu, Takdir Saili, Muhammad Amrullah Pagala, Musram Abadi, Widhi Kurniawan, Rusli Badaruddin
This study aims to determine the growth performance of pre-weaning and Body Condition Score (BCS) of PO calves based on cows parity. This study was conducted 10 months in transmigration settlements, East Kolaka Regency, Southeast Sulawesi Province. A total of 38 PO calves from 38 cows were observed for...
Proceedings Article

Inhibitory Power of Moringa (Moringa oleifera) Seed Extract from Various Levels of Maturity on Eschericia coli bacteria

Rostiati Rahmatu, Moh. Nur Sangaji, Adehani, Rahmi, Nur Alam
This study aims to obtain the maturity level of certain Moringa seeds that can inhibit the development of E. coli bacteria. This study used a Completely Randomized Design (CRD) consisting of one factor with the treatment of the maturity level of moringa seeds namely K1 = young seed extract, K2 = medium...
Proceedings Article

Effects of Rifapentine and Rifampicin in Smear-positive Pulmonary Tuberculosis Patients and the Incidence Comparison of Complications

Jianmei Ma, Hongyang Shi, Yan Zhang
Objective: to analyze the clinical effects and complications of rifapentine and rifampicin in patients with smear-positive pulmonary tuberculosis. Methods: from August 2013 to June 2017, 100 of the smear-positive pulmonary tuberculosis patients treated in our hospital were selected and divided into two...
Proceedings Article

A Network Communication Protocols for Robotic-assisted Vascular Intervention Systems

Quan Zeng, Shou-Jun Zhou, Hao Shen, Cheng Wang
In recent years, minimally invasive surgery (MIS) has become a very suitable field for robotic systems. Minimally invasive surgery which can be used for diagnosis and surgical treatment is more and more popular in the medical field. We have developed a remote vascular intervention robot system for medical...
Proceedings Article

Prevalence and Intensity of Trematode Flukes in Different Hair Color of Aceh Cattle

Lian Varis Riandi, Ryan Ferdian, Muhammad Hambal, Muttaqien Bakrie
This study aims to determine the prevalence and number of trematode eggs (Fasciola gigantica and Paramphistomum spp) in different hair colorof Aceh cattle. This research used feces collected from 105 cattle in Mesjid Raya Sub-district, Aceh Besar. The feces samples were divided into 3 groups based on...
Proceedings Article

Optimization of Citric Acid Production by Utilizing Rice Husk Waste as a Substrate Using Submerged Fermentation

Eka Rahmadani Ritonga, Adelina Manurung, Merry Meryam Martgrita
Citric acid is an organic acid and is highly used as a commercial product. The production of citric acid in Indonesia has not met its demand, a cheap and easy method of obtaining raw materials to boost its production is required. Submerged fermentation using Aspergillus niger is a prospective method...
Proceedings Article

A Sensitive and Reproducible Spectrophotometric Assay for Glucose Oxidase Activity and Its Application in Conformational Lock

Fangyong GENG, Di LI, Yunfei GAO, Baolin XIAO, Jun HONG, Ali Akbar MOOSAVI-MOVAHEDI
Glucose-oxidase-horseradish peroxidase-guaiacol coupled system was applied for glucose oxidase assay with high sensitivity and prefect reproducibility. The optimum pH value was 5.8. The Michaelis-Menten constant (Km) and Vmax were determined to be 30.0±1.0 mM and 2.49±0.08 µM/s, respectively,...
Proceedings Article

Characteristics of Insecticide Formulation Using Surfactant Based on Palm Oil and Its Mortality Effect Against Spodoptera litura

Eka Nur’azmi Yunira, Ani Suryani, Dadang
Pesticide should be formulated to keep bioactivity and to enhance efficiency and safety in application. Insecticide formulations consist of active ingredient and co-formulant. Most active ingredients are poorly diluted in water, so they need adjuvant such as surfactant. Surfactant will help to make a...
Proceedings Article

Bioecology of Cletus capitulatus Fabricius (Hemiptera: Coreidae) on Fameflower Talinum paniculatum Jacq. (Gaertn)

Rismayani, Rohimatun
One of the local medicinal plant resources widely used for medicine is a fameflower Talinum paniculatum Jacq. (Gaertn.). This plant is mostly used for energy drink or tonic to stimulate performance. Coried bug, Cletus capitulatus (Hemiptera: Coreidae), was found attacking T. paniculatum plant in the...
Proceedings Article

Application of Stenochlaena palustris in Black Tea and Coffee Beverages Targeting Consumers with Sugar Concern

Filiana Santoso, Natasya Oktavianti, Febbyandi I. Pandiangan, Yanetri A. Nion, Maria D.P.T. Gunawan Puteri
Kelakai is an endemic fern found abundantly in Central Kalimantan. Regardless of its high availability, low economical value, and potential health benefits (natural source of iron, folic acid, antioxidant, antidiabetic, etc.), the utilization of the plant as a food ingredient is still limited. Black...
Proceedings Article

Stakeholder Analysis in the Development of a Banana Center in Karanganyar Regency, Central Java, Indonesia

Eny Lestari, Agung Wibowo, Paramita Rahayu
The development of the banana center has created a conflict of interest between stakeholders, caused by the conflicting interests of the parties involved in processing and marketing the bananas, including farmers, home industry operators, village-owned enterprises, and traders. This study aims to identify...
Proceedings Article

Distribution Analysis of Leachate Using the Wenner Configuration Resistivity Method at Sambutan Tpa, Samarinda City, East Kalimantan, Indonesia

Ikhzan, Resty Intan Putri, Muhammad Amin Syam
The research located in Sambutan TPA, Samarinda City, East Kalimantan Province, Indonesia, with an area of ±350 m2. This study aims to interpret the resistivity and direction of the distribution of subsurface leachate using the resistivity method of the Wenner configuration with a track length of 90...
Proceedings Article

Development of Methods For Quantitative Determination of Polyphenols in Grass Pentaphylloides Fruticosa (L.) O. Schwarz.

Elena Zhilyakova, Oleg Novikov, Dmitriy Pisarev, Liliya Zolotareva
The purpose of this study was to develop a method of quali-tative and quantitative assessment of biologically active sub-stances of P. fruticosa L. herb. As object of study was used P. fruticosa L. herb. We used the method of high performance liquid chromatography in reversed-phase variant. As a result...
Proceedings Article

Potential Species as a Food Source in Wehea Forest, East Kalimantan

Bina Swasta Sitepu
Knowledge of species diversity in tropical forests is well known, but the information on plant species’ food source potential in forest areas is still limited. The study was conducted in Nehas Liah Bing village and Wehea forest in August 2011 by interviews with local people and exploration in the forest....
Proceedings Article

Beef Supply Chain of Imported Cattle from Traditional Markets to Modern Retail Markets

Robi Agustiar, Agung Triatmojo, Budi Guntoro, Endang Baliarti
The Indonesian government adopted a policy of importing buffalo meat to meet national needs. The policy of importing buffalo meat is suspected to have resulted in new market segmentation and changes in the supply chain of the beef market. This study aims to analyze the supply chain of livestock and beef...
Proceedings Article

Characterization of Two New Varieties of Curly Chili (Capsicum annuum L.) for Quality Standard

Qanytah Qanytah, Dondy S. Anggono, Wisnu Broto
Two commercial curly red chili varieties cv. Amro-99 and cv. Kencana was identified and analyzed. The purpose of this research is to recognize and describe the physical and chemical contents of the two potential chilies for sorting, welding, and packaging technology to meet consumer needs and export...
Proceedings Article

Methylation Specific PCR (MSP): Nested PCR vs Unnested PCR

Farizky Martriano Humardani, Lisa Thalia Mulyanata, Lady Theresa Adeodata Tanaya, Risma Ikawaty, Heru Wijono, Hikmawan Wahyu Sulistomo, Dini Kesuma, Sulistyo Emantoko Dwi Putra
Methylation-specific PCR (MSP) is a valuable technique for studying DNA methylation patterns due to its straightforward design and implementation, high sensitivity in detecting methylated DNA, and ability to analyze large sample sizes cost-effectively rapidly. However, researchers need to be cautious...
Proceedings Article

Morphometric of Etawa Crossbred Goat in Breeding Stock Development Area in Banjarnegara District

Bess Tiesnamurti, Tatan Kostaman, Anneke Anggraeni, Angga Ardhati Rani Hapsari
Morphometri studies of a livestock breed are generally required to provide an overview of their characteristics, and be useful to recognise their phenotype. Etawa crossbred (PE) goats have been registered as a local breed and the Directorate General of Livestock and Animal Health assign several location...
Proceedings Article

The Level of Utilization of Papaya Leaf Flour (Carica papaya L) in Feed on the Performance of Internal Organ Weight and Abdominal Fat of KUB Chickens

Tertia Delia Nova, Sabrina Sabrina, Maimonalisa Maimonalisa
This study aims to determine the utilization of papaya leaf flour (Carica papaya L) on performance, live weight, internal organs (liver and kidney) and abdominal fat in KUB chickens. This study used 100 chickens and this research method used a completely randomized design (CRD) with 5 treatments and...
Proceedings Article

The Effect of UV Radiation and Fruit Feedings (Banana and Guava) on the Survival Rate and Morphological Changes of Reproductive Organ of Fruit Fly (Drosophila melanogaster Meigen, 1830)

Hipny Alwandri, Nafisa Kusumawati, Ignatius Sudaryadi
The increasing ozone concentration in the upper stratosphere was not significant enough to be able to protect from the detrimental effect that ultraviolet (UV) light radiates. One solution to counter this problem is by using antioxidants as protectants, such as those contained in fruits. In order to...
Proceedings Article

Biotherapy Effect of Shenfuweikang Herbs on Gastric Carcinoma

Xiaoping Wang, Huanping Lin, Qiaoxia Wang, Bing Xu, Yi Li, Baoning Qi, Xuxu Wei, Pengfei Zhang
To study the biotherapy effect of Shenfuweikang herbs in treatment of gastric cancer, Kunming mice were grafted with a mouse gastric adenocarcinoma cell line MFC. Mice received different doses of Shefuweikang herbs after grafting. Tumor size was periodically measured and tumor weight was determined after...
Proceedings Article

Valvular Heart Disease-Related Feed-Forward Loop Network Reveals Some Biological Features for Disease Development

Feng YANG, Ke LIU, Wei ZENG, Guang-bin WANG, Zheng-wen LI, Ke-li HUANG, Ni-ni RAO
This study is to uncover VHD-related important biological features for understanding molecular of this disease. The system analysis strategy is applied to generate the first VHD-related FFL network. Then, the network topology is mapped into the biological space to refine the biological features of VHD....
Proceedings Article

Zeolite and Active Carbon Addition on Closed System Transportation for Milkfish Juvenile (Chanos chanos) Survival Rate

Mustahal, Forcep Rio Indaryanto, Deri Hermawan, Mas Bayu Syamsunarno
The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of the optimum ratio of zeolite and activated carbon to preserve the survival rate of milkfish juvenile in closed system transportation. This research was conduct from May to July 2018 at the Laboratory of Aquaculture, University of Sultan...
Proceedings Article

Characterization of Peanuts Shell as Adsorben Color Methyl Violet

Wardalia, Endang Suhendi, Nufus Kanani, Rudi Hartono
The waste product from the textile industry is liquid waste containing dye. Metil violet is one type of dye that can damage the water ecosystem. The decrease levels of methyl violet can be done through the adsorption method. The peanut shell contains cellulose that allows the peanut shell to be adsorbent...
Proceedings Article

Azospirillum Bacteria and Cultivation of Food Crops

Dewi Rumbaina Mustikawati
Azospirillum is one of the bacteria that can be used as biological fertilizer because the bacteria is known as a producer of PGPR (Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria) which can increase crop production in a sustainable manner. Another potential possessed by Azospirillum is as a biocontrol agent for...
Proceedings Article

Relationships Between Students’ Grade IX Natural Science Learning Outcomes and Naturalist, Linguistic, and Interpersonal Intelligence

Rahmadhani Fitri, Ganda Hijrah Selaras, Kiki Mulyani
Intelligence is one of the elements that affects how well students learn. In the field of education, intelligence is still primarily characterized in terms of IQ. Actually, there are more types of intelligence outside those that may be determined just by academic performance. Multiple Intelligences is...
Proceedings Article

Functional Composition of Arthropoda and Population Density of Larvae Conopomorpha cramerella Snell. (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae) and Natural Enemies in Different Shade Cocoa Plantations

Moh Hibban Toana, Burhanuddin Hi Nasir, Moh Rizqi Chaldun Toana, Fitriah Balosi
-The functional composition of arthropods and population density of Conopomorpha cramerella Snellen larvae (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae) and natural enemies in different shade cocoa plantations play an important role in maintaining sustainability by using natural resources without damaging the environment....
Proceedings Article

Effectiveness Of Rice Husk Charcoal As Bioadsorben In Absorbing Heavy Metal Lead (Pb) On Freshwater Snail Meat (Pomacea sp.)

Siti Dharmawati, Muhammad Halim Natsir, Osfar Sjofjan, Hartutik Hartutik
This research was aim to identify the effectiveness of rice husk charcoal as a bioadsorbent in absorbing heavy metals Pb in freshwater snail meat (Pomacea sp). The main material used was adult fresh water snail with body weight of 80-120 g/head obtained from the swamp waters of Banjar Regency, South...
Proceedings Article

Improve Student Learning Competencies Using the Problem Based Learning Model in Class VIII Junior High Scool (SMPN 15) Kerinci

Fitri Yuningsih, Linda Advinda
The purpose of this study was to determine of problems in biology learning at SMPN 15 Kerinci. The study was conducted in January 2019. This type of research is quasi experimental research. The population was students in grade of SMPN 15 Kerinci registered in academic year 2018/2019. For the sample because...
Proceedings Article

Modification and Optimization of Low-cost Medium for Recombinant Alkalothermophilic Xylanase Production from Pichia pastoris KM71

R D Cahyati, S Hudiyono, I Helianti
Xylanase is an enzyme that can degrade xylan into xylooligosaccharides by cleaving to 1, 4-β-D-xylosidic bonds and has high potential in industrial applications. In the previous study, recombinant Pichia pastoris via pPICZ-alpha vector has been constructed, and the yeast produced xylanase originally...
Proceedings Article

Protein Protection to Increase Ruminant Feed Protein Efficiency in Vitro

Wahidin Teguh Sasongko, Firsoni, Teguh Wahyono
This study aimed to determine the effect of protein protection to increase ruminant feed protein efficiency in vitro. The benefit of making this protected protein is that it can provide information to farmers that the provision of protein can be more efficient. The material used as protein protection...
Proceedings Article

The Research on the Mechanism of Antioxidative and Growth-Promoting Effects of Polyphenols from the Involucres of Castanea Mollissima Blume on IEC-6 Cells

Y. Xiong, X. Zhao, S. Dong, K.J. Guo
The aim of the paper was to study the effects of Polyphenolic extract from involucres of Castanea mollissima Blume (PICB) on IEC-6 cell proliferation and growth and antioxidant status. The IEC-6 heat stress model was established and IEC-6 cells of control group and heat stress group were treated with...
Proceedings Article

Research Progress of Bone Tumor Clinical Diagnosis

Rui Jiang, Ziyan Zhang, Han Wu, Chao Zhang
Bone tumor belongs to a tumor among human skeletons or skeleton affiliated groups. It is the result of cytogenetic material abnormal expression, which is same as other tumors. Bone tumor belongs to a common disease. In recent decades, research on bone tumor clinical diagnosis is rapidly developed, which...
Proceedings Article

Histologic and Histomorphometry of Uterine of Gayo Mare

Juli Melia, Welda R. Brillian, Erdiansyah Rahmi, Rosmaidar Rosmaidar, Hafizuddin Hafizuddin, Amrozi Amrozi
This study was aimed at finding out the histology description and histomorphometry of uterine Gayo mare. The samples were collected from three Gayo mares in Takengon, Central Aceh. The uterine samples were processed by microtechnique and stained with hematoxylin-eosin before examined under a binocular...
Proceedings Article

Trichoderma and Bacillus as Combined Biocontrol Agent of Moler Disease on Shallots

Susilo H. Poromarto, Supyani, Supriyadi, SA. Indriani, Hadiwiyono
Moler disease of shallot (MDS) or basal plate rot caused by Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. capae (Foce) is an important disease on shallot. In low land such Brebes Central Java where is one of the center production of shallots in Indonesia, the disease is the most important and harmful. The specific symptom...
Proceedings Article

Social Factors Influencing the Goat Farmers Knowledge of Waste Processing in Banyumas Regency, Central Java, Indonesia

Krismiwati Muatip, Hermin Purwaningsih, Lis Safitri, Aris Dwi Pamungkas
Goat farming produced environmental pollution from livestock waste. On the other hand, the waste has economic value after being processed into compost. The farmers should not only be able to grow the goat but also process the waste into compost. The study aimed to analyze the influence of duration being...
Proceedings Article

Correlation Between Ratio of Purine Derivative: Creatinine Concentrations in Spot Urine Sampling with Total Urinary Excretion of Purine Derivative in Garut Rams and Ewes

Titi Widya Ningrum, Chusnul Hanim, Lies Mira Yusiati
This study aimed to determine the correlation between ratio of purine derivative:creatinine concentrations by spot sampling method with total urinary excretion of purine derivative (PD) in Garut rams and ewes, as well as knowing the right sampling time to predict microbial protein synthesis in Garut...
Proceedings Article

Analysis of Income and Marketing of Seaweed in Coastal Communities in Bulukumba District

Nurbaya Busthanul, Pipi Diansari, Eymal B. Demmallino, Masyhur Syafiuddin, S. Ni Made Viantika, Ayu Marshya, A. Rusita, Nabilah Rahmawati, Siti Hardiyanti Syam
Seaweed is one of the country's foreign exchange sources and a source of income for coastal communities. Besides being able to be used as an ingredient food, drink and medicine. This study aims to analyze the income and feasibility of seaweed farming in coastal communities in Bulukumba Regency....
Proceedings Article

Digit Ratio 2D:4D Variation and the Relationships to Aggressivity in Sumatran Institute of Technology Students

Vienza Gita Hapsari, Winati Nurhayu, Iffa Afiqa Khairani, Andy Darmawan, Gres Maretta, Jeane Siswitasari Mulyana
The ratio index finger length (2D) to ring finger length (4D) or digit ratio 2D:4D is a trait of sexual dimorphism. The prenatal testosterone influences the digit ratio 2D:4D since the growth of the fetus in the womb. High levels of prenatal testosterone will affect the development of finger which is...
Proceedings Article

Prospects of Using Freons as Extractants of Curcuma Longa L. Root Essential Oil

Elena Zhilyakova, Oleg Novikov, Dmitriy Pisarev, Nikolay Boyko, Konstantin Nikitin
the purpose of the present study was a comparative study of the ability of some freons to extract the essential oil of the roots of C. longa L. and to provide optimal conditions for its analy-sis. The dried, crushed roots of C. longa L. were used as raw materials (country of origin - Uganda). Methoxynonafluorobu-tane...
Proceedings Article

Fruit Fly Identification from Fruits and Vegetables of Turikale Maros, South Sulawesi, Indonesia

Itji Diana Daud, Melina, Dayanara Haditama Khomsah, Mustika Tuwo
Indonesia has an abundant production of fruits and vegetables that can satisfy the demands of domestic and export markets. One of the most serious problems in fruit exports is the damage and contamination caused by fruit fly attacks to horticultural produce. Taiwan government rejects 13 types of fruit...
Proceedings Article

The Evaluation of Has-23000 Implementation in Sate Bandeng Industry Certified of Halal

Mirajiani, Wahyu Susihono
The requirement for HAS-23000 is an obligation for all companies that have obtained halal product certification by LPPOM MUI. The purpose of this application is to ensure that work procedures are maintained as part of completing the criteria and procedures for handling halal products. Milkfish satay...
Proceedings Article

The Study Application of Water Hyacinth Biofertilizer Towards the Existence of Endophytic Bacteria in Maize Plant

Yun Sondang, Ramond Siregar, Khazy Anty
Endophytic bacteria are bacteria that live in plant tissue without destroying the host plant. The presence of endophytic bacteria in plant tissue can produce phytohormones to stimulate growth and increase plant resistance to disease. The purpose of this study is to identify endophytic bacteria from the...
Proceedings Article

Feed Intake and Feed Digesbility of Male Merino Sheep with Adding Mahagany Leaves (Swietania mahagoni) as a Source of Tannins in Feed

MK Anam, C Hanim, LM Yusiati
The effect of adding Mahogany leaves as a source of tannins in feed on nutrient intake and digestibility in merino sheep was determined in this study. This study used 12 male sheep with an average body weight of 30 to 35 kg. They were confined in individual cages and given feed two times a day. To separate...
Proceedings Article

Electrochemical Study on A Heme-Histidine-Sodium Decyl Sulfate Nano Micelles Complex Artificial Peroxidase

Di LI, Yushuai ZHANG, Fangyong GENG, Baolin XIAO, Jun HONG, Tao HONG
A heme-histidine-sodium decyl sulfate nano micelles complex with peroxidase activity (MAP) was constructed self-assembly and immobilized on a hydroxy fullerene modified glassy carbon electrode. The cyclic voltammograms of the modified electrode with a pair of redox peaks were investigated. The formal...
Proceedings Article

Mini-review on Inhibitors of Human Tyrosinase

Jyoti Srivastava, Joyabrata Mal, Manju Verma, Rupika Sinha
Melanin is a major pigment of human skin that protects the skin from harmful ultraviolet radiation, DNA damage and oxidative stress. However, the excess accumulation of melanin may lead to various hyperpigmentation-related diseases. Tyrosinase is a copper containing enzyme that regulates the rate-limiting...
Proceedings Article

Natural Products Isolated from Various Parts of Mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana L.) as Therapeutic Agent: A Review

Arif Nur Muhammad Ansori, Yulanda Antonius, Ahmad Affan Ali Murtadlo, Viol Dhea Kharisma, Bayyinatul Muchtaromah, Muhammad Khaliim Jati Kusala, Dora Dayu Rahma Turista, Imam Rosadi, Vikash Jakhmola, Maksim Rebezov, Tarun Parashar, Rahadian Zainul
This review provides a comprehensive analysis of the therapeutic potential of natural products derived from mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana L.). Mangosteen, a tropical fruit native to Southeast Asia, has long been valued for its medicinal properties. The review focuses on the isolation and characterization...
Proceedings Article

Feed Intake and Milk Production Performance of Local Sultra Ettawa Crossbreed Goats Fed Ration Containing Soybean Oil Calcium Soap

Ali Bain, Nur Santy Asminaya, Ita Nur Safitri
This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of using soybean oil calcium soap (CaS-soy) in the ration on the Ettawa crossbreed feed consumption performance. This study used 4 lactating Ettawa crossbreed goats from Southeast Sulawesi with weight ranging from 24-33 kg. The experimental design used was...
Proceedings Article

Toxicity of Vitex negundo L. and Calotropis gigantea L. crude extract on fall armyworm Spodoptera frugiperda J. E. Smith (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)

Nasir Burhanuddin Haji, Edy Nur, Khasanah Nur, Lasmini Sri Anjar, Idham Idham
Vitex negundo and Calotropis gigantea are plants that produce secondary metabolites which are used as defense compounds against insect pests and pathogens. This study aimed to study the toxicity of the extracts of V. negundo and C. gigantea to Spodoptera frugiperda. Toxicity was tested using the leaf...
Proceedings Article

Soil Quality Assessment Model for Critical Land Management Planning

Danang Widjajanto, Uswah Hasanah, Bunga Elim Somba, Salapu Pagiu, Abdul Rahman, Rahmat Zainuddin, Azman
The research purposes were to analyze land use’s effect on soil physical properties and measure several lands’ soil quality index in the Bulili plateau. Its conducted on three types of land use consisted of a mixed plantation, maize plantation, and forest. Soil sampling at each type of land use was carried...
Proceedings Article

Nanoparticles Constructed from Neosartorya hiratsukae to Control Drechslera oryzae Causing Brown Spot of Rice

Kessara Unthuraloet, Kasem Soytong
The toxic chemical fungicides for plant disease control has been used by farmers for years. Those are faced hazardous effect to the surrounding environment, and the chemicals were toxic chemical residue remained in rice products which harmful to the consumers. It is increasing interested to search the...
Proceedings Article

Next-Generation Agricultural Technologies: Assessing Market and Policy Implications

Godfrey Ejimakor, Bivian Ejimakor
The historical impact of newer technologies in agriculture has been to increase the supply of food and fiber by increasing output per unit of input. Increases in market supply of food and fiber, net of demand changes, result in lower prices. Generally, this has been good for society in terms of meeting...
Proceedings Article

Effects of Bamboo Leaf Extract Supplementation on Heterophil, Lymphocyte, and Heterophil to Lymphocyte Ratio of Broiler Chickens

M. Ifan Fathurrahman, Abun Abun, Novi Mayasari
This experiment was conducted to assess the effects of bamboo leaf extract (BLE) supplementation on heterophil, lymphocyte, and heterophil to lymphocyte ratio of broiler chickens. A total of 90 one-day-old Cobb broilers were randomly allocated to 5 treatments with 3 replicates of 6 broilers each. The...
Proceedings Article

Synthesis and Characterization of 3-butyryloxy-16-(β-naphthylmethylene)-5α-androstane-17-one

Hongqi Li, Qingwei Liu, Jueshu Fang, Yulong Wang
3-Butyryloxy-16-(β-naphthylmethylene)-5α-androstane-17-one, a novel androstanone derivative, was synthesized by aldol condensation between epiandrosterone and β-naphthaldehyde and subsequent esterification reaction. The structure of the new product was characterized by 1H NMR, 13C NMR, IR, UV and mass...
Proceedings Article

Bioinformatics Analysis of the 1-Deoxy-D-Xylulose-5-Phosphate Synthase (DXS) Gene in Cabbage (Brassica Oleracea Var. Capitata)

Bo Sun, Min Jiang, Qiao Yuan, Fen Zhang, Haoru Tang
1-deoxy-D-xylulose-5-phosphate synthase (DXS) is an rate-determing enzyme in carotenoid biosynthesis. Here, the Brassica oleracea var. capitata DXS (BocDXS) gene sequences were obtained from Brassica database (BRAD), and preformed for bioinformatics analysis. The BocDXS1, BocDXS2 and BocDXS3 genes mapped...
Proceedings Article

The Influence of the Early Operation Intervention on the Prognosis of the Post-necrotizing Enterocolitis Intestinal Obstruction

Ji-Xue Zhao, Xin Fu
Objective: To investigate the treatment effect of the early operation on the post- necrotizing enterocolitis intestinal obstruction. Methods: A retrospective analysis of our Hospital in recent 8 years, neonatal and pediatric surgery in the diagnosis and treatment of the post- necrotizing enterocolitis...
Proceedings Article

Effect of Bitter Extract (Andrographis paniculata Nees.) to Epididymal Mice Sperm Quality

Ramadhan Sumarmin, Nadyatul Khaira Huda, Yusni Atifah
Bitter (Andrographis paniculata Nees.) used to prevention of various diseases, such as anticancer, anti- inflammatory, and antifertility. Ones of the bitter content is Andrographolide. It has antimitotic agent couse decreased of mitotic cells. The aimed of this research to determine the effects of Bitter...
Proceedings Article

The Role of Probiotics in Suppressing Campylobacter jejuni Infection in Broilers: Performance Parameters

T E M Nahak, V C Prakasita, L N Imanjati, S L Adrenalin, C R Tabbu, A E T H Wahyuni
The use of probiotics as feed additives in farms has been widely known both at a small and large scale. As a substitute for the Antibiotic Growth Promoter (AGP) that has been banned for animal feed, probiotics are used in broilers feeds to improve their performance. Campylobacter jejuni is a type of...
Proceedings Article

Preparation of Sea Cucumber (Holothuria scabra) Powder: Effect of Pre-treatment on Its Nutritional, Antioxidant Activity and Morphological Characteristics

Ansharullah Ansharullah, Andi Besse Patadjai, Asranudin Asranudin, Tamrin Tamrin
Sea cucumber (Holothuria scabra) has a prospect of being one of the nutritious ingredients because it contains complete nutrients, including carbohydrates, essential fatty acids and amino acids, as well as several bioactive components that are believed to have functions as antioxidants, antibacterial,...
Proceedings Article

Analysis of Amino Acids, Protein Profile, Calcium and Phosphorus Levels of Upeneus moluccensis Waste (Thorns and Scales)

I Dewa Ayu Ratna Dewanti, I Dewa Ayu Susilawati, Pujiana Endah Lestari, Erawati Wulandari, Ristya Widi Endah Yani, Sunlip Wibisono
Upeneus molucensis is seawater fishes that are consumed by many people so it leaves a lot of waste (including scales and thornss). On the other hand, the utilization of fish waste is still not much. Whereas, waste contains a lot of amino acids, protein, Calcium and Phosphorus. This study analyzed amino...
Proceedings Article

Utilization of Chicken Manure and Indigenous Microbes for Enhancing Growth and Yield of Paddy in Rainfed Rice Field

Jumar, Riza Adrianoor Saputra, Muhammad Imam Nugraha, Ahmad Maulidin
Rice production in South Kalimantan experienced diminishment in recent years. One of the problems that created this issue was the decline of soil fertility. Application of synthetic fertilizers in a long term would decline the soil fertility and subsequently diminished the productivity of rice field....
Proceedings Article

The Effectiveness Crude Extract of Cinnamomum Zeylanicum to the Level of GSH in Mouse Liver

Yuni Ahda, Siska Alicia Farma, Yusni Atifah, Jon Efendi
Cinnamomum zeylanicum is an antioxidant-rich plant, according to numerous research. In this investigation, glutathione (GSH) levels in mouse liver will be compared to those of a crude extract of Cinnamomum zeylanicum (Mus musculus L.). This research project is an experiment. For a period of four weeks,...
Proceedings Article

Diversity of Macroalgae in the Intertidal Zone of Gili Ketapang Beach, Probolinggo, Jawa Timur, Indonesia

Natasya Meri Auliadani, Faradilla Faradilla, Abdul Razaq Chasani
Indonesia is a country that has high potential in biodiversity, especially in the marine areas. As the primary producer of marine ecosystems, macroalgae provide food for many species. Macroalgae have very varied structures but are generally divided into three groups based on their color of thallus i.e....
Proceedings Article

Preparation and Characterization of Antimicrobial Activity Bacterial Cellulose Membrane

Wei-Hua Tang, Shi-Ru Jia, Yuan-Yuan Jia
Bacterial cellulose (BC) shows good potentiality as active packaging material. However, bacterial cellulose itself has no antimicrobial activity to prevent microbial contamination. To achieve antimicrobial activity, -poly lysine ( -PL) was incorporated into BC by immersing BC in -PL solution. Investigations...
Proceedings Article

Validation of Quantitative Determination Methods for Fexofenadine Hydrochloride and Cyanocobalamine in Separate Ophthalmological Dosage Forms Using UV-Spectrophotometry Instrumentation

Elena Zhilyakova, Nabel Mohamad, Abdulhadi Bakri, Denis Naplekov, Diana Martseva
Aim of this study is validation of quantitative determination methods for Fexofenadine hydrochloride, Cyanocobalamine in separate ophthalmological dosage forms using UV-spectrophotometry instrumentation. Assay tests of the studied ophthalmological dosage forms were carried out using the APIs and reagents...
Proceedings Article

Ultrasound and Radiograph Mesh Hernia Graft 3D Imaging Correlation; Study in Rabbits

Nanda Yulian Syah, Akhyar Akhyar, Etriwati Etriwati, Erwin Erwin
A Mesh hernia graft is needed to prevent recurrent hernias. This study aimed to observe the biocompatibility of hernia mesh graft as an alternative material for handling hernia cases via surgery for small animals. This study used 6 male rabbits aged 6-8 months and weighted 1.5-2 kg which were divided...
Proceedings Article

Triclisia Subcordata Oliv Aqueous Leaf Extract can influence Reproductive Hormones and Haematological Profiles of Mifepristone Threatened Pregnancy in Wistar Rats

F. N. Okpara, E. O. Nwaichi, D. C. Belonwu
Effect of Triclisia subcordata oliv aqueous leaf extract on reproductive hormones and haematological profiles of mifepristone threatened pregnancy in Wistar rats was investigated. Sexually matured rats comprising of 80 male and 80 female rats (150-220g) were purchased and paired up for reproduction after...
Proceedings Article

Inhibition of ACCO (1-aminocyclopropane 1-carboxylic acid oxidase) Activity of Mango by Modified Atmosphere Storage

E. Basuki, A. Alamsyah, I W. S. Yasa
Inhibition of ACC Oxidase Activity of Mango by Modified Atmosphere Storage is aimed to extend the storage life were carried out at Food Technology Laboratory, University of Mataram from by using Completely Randomized Design and continued with Least Significant Different at five percent significance level....
Proceedings Article

The Effect of Acetobacter xylinum Concentration to Bacterial Cellulose Production Using Waste Water of Palm Flour Industry as Fermentation Medium

Rahmayetty, Meri yulvianti, Muhamad Toha, Nufus Kanani
Bacterial cellulose (BC) is produce extracellularly by acetic acid bacteria through oxidative fermentation. Utilization of waste water of palm flour industry as a medium for bacterial cellulose production is a new breakthrough, because the palm flour industry is quite large in Banten and an effort to...
Proceedings Article

The Distribution of Potential Agro-Ecotourism in the North Coastal Area, East Java

Mukti Ali, Akhmad Fauzi, Nuriah Yuliati, Indra Tjahaja Amir, Pawana Nur Indah
This study is about agro-ecotourism in the northern coastal area of East Java with the aim of 1) describing the potential of agro-ecotourism owned by tourist attraction in the northern coastal area of ​​East Java, 2) analyzing the role of coastal communities for the development of ecotourism potential...
Proceedings Article

Ecological and Anthropological Impact on Diversity Echinodermata in the South Beach Area, Indonesia

Purwati Kusarini, Vita Meylani, Ika Raymita Husna, Andri Wibowo
The Sancang Beach is overgrown by various types of seagrass, algae, coral reefs, and mangroves so it has the potential for the life of marine biota, including the Echinoderms phylum. This research aims to describe the diversity of the Echinoderms phylum in Sancang Beach, Garut District. This research...
Proceedings Article

Lactic Acid Bacterial Fermentation Feed as Basal Ration: Addition Effect of Protein and Carbohydrate Protection on Rumen Fermentation of Bligon Goat

Moh. Ikmal Khoirozzadit Taqwa, Zaenal Bachruddin, Lies Mira Yusiati, Nafiatul Umami, Muhlisin Muhlisin
This study aims to examine the influence of feed heating on the volatile fatty acid (VFA), microbial protein, and ammonia concentrations in rumen fluid. The feed ingredients are a carbohydrate supply (corn), and a protein source (soybean meal) added to the basal ration through lactic acid bacteria fermentation....
Proceedings Article

Research Progress of Plant Calcium Nutrition and Calcium / Cold Signal Interaction

Qing-wen SHI, Qiao-bo SONG, Hui-xin WANG, Chun-ming BAI, Di WU, Qi-ping DONG, Xin CHENG, Xiao-ri HAN, Yi-fei LIU
Calcium, as the second messenger inside plants, is extensively involved in plant response and transduction of various stress signals. Plants shall generate calcium signals of specificity under stress, and this shall give a rise to a series of intracellular physiological and biochemical responses. Calcium...
Proceedings Article

Classification of Cocoa Beans Based on Fermentation Level Using PLS-DA Combined with Visible Near-Infrared (VIS-NIR) Spectroscopy

Deny Saputro, Dede Priambodo, Muhammad Pahlawan, Rudiati Masithoh
Fermentation is an important process in determining the quality of cocoa beans. Therefore, studies to determine the rate of fermentation of cocoa beans non-destructively and rapidly are needed. This study aimed to develop a robust model using Vis-NIR and PLS-DA to differentiate cocoa bean samples with...
Proceedings Article

Farmers’ Motives in Raising Ettawa Crossbred Goat in Purworejo, Central Java Province

Budi Guntoro, A. Setiawan, Annisa’ Qurrotun A’yun
The objective of this study was to determine the farmers’ motives in raising Ettawa crossbreed goats in Purworejo. The method used in this study was a survey, Criteria used in sampling were farmers who still maintain goats and joined in the animal collective housing as well as group member that still...
Proceedings Article

Potency and Strategy for Developing Beef Cattle Business in South Kalimantan

Lira Mailena, Ratna Ayu Saptati, Sara Sorayya Ermuna, Eni Siti Rohaeni
The study aimed to identify the potential and develop a strategy for developing the beef cattle sector in South Kalimantan by maximizing the use of local resources. A mix of survey techniques, focus group discussions, and literature reviews were used to carry out the study. The potential analysis comprises...
Proceedings Article

Conversion of Fructose into Levulinic Acid by Catalysis of Ionic Liquid

76% Yield of levulinic acid was obtained from fructose conversion catalyzed by acidic ionic liquid in water. The chemical structures and morphologies of humin byproduct were investigated, indicating three stages of transition for the first time. At the early stage, 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) intermediate...
Proceedings Article

The Effect of Cellulose Nanocrystaline Blending to the Mechanical Properties of Composite Edible Film (PLA/CNC)

Rahmayetty, Endarto Y. Wardhono, Alfirano, Nufus Kanani
Edible film is a thin and transparent plastic made from edible materials and protects material from damage due to the environment and microorganisms disaster. Polylactic acid (PLA) is one of polymer which potentially used as raw material of edible films. PLA is a very fragile nature material, so it necessary...
Proceedings Article

Effect of the Addition of Egg Yolk to Skim Milk Extender and Storage Time on the Motility and Fertility of Kampung Rooster Spermatozoa

Dadang Mulyadi Saleh, Mas Yedi Sumaryadi, Aras Prasetiyo Nugroho, Chomsiatun Nurul Hidayah
The aim of this study was to evaluate the egg yolk addition and storage time on the motility and fertility of Kampung rooster spermatozoa. A completely randomized design with a 3x2 factorial pattern was used in this study. E factor is the addition of egg yolk into skim milk. (E1 = skim milk + egg yolk...
Proceedings Article

Methods and Principles of Limb Salvage Treatment for Malignant Bone Tumors of Extremities

Rui Jiang, Ziyan Zhang, Han Wu, Chao Zhang
The treatment of malignant bone tumors has been maturely developed, while neo-adjuvant chemotherapy and wide resection have been widely promoted. Limb salvage technique has become a classical method to treat the malignant bone tumors of extremities. Domestic treatment of bone tumors has made much progress...
Proceedings Article

Genetic Relationship between Rubus Parvifolius and R. Coreanus (Rubus, Rosaceae) based on Simple Sequence Repeat Markers

Yan Wang, Wen He, Jing Zhang, Tao Chen, Qing Chen, Hao-Ru Tang, Lin Liu, Xiao-Rong Wang
Rubus parvifolius L. and R. coreanus Miq. are two morphologically distinct, endemic wild brambles and sympatric in China. Genetic diversity and genetic structure of the two species and their putative hybrids were investigated by using 10 SSR markers selected from 31 markers. A total of 98 alleles were...
Proceedings Article

Present Status of Fruit Fly Bactrocera carambolae Drew & Hancock (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Bali Island, Indonesia

I Putu Sudiarta, Febri Eka Wijayanti, I Gede Rai M Temaja, Gusti N A S Wirya, Ketut Sumiartha, Dewa G W Selangga
Bactrocera carambolae, commonly known as the fruit fly, has been reported as a prominent pest for fruits and vegetables around the world. It has been recorded to infect hosts from a wide range of families and was shown to spread worldwide including Indonesia. The identification of species is needed such...
Proceedings Article

Ethnomedicinal Plants Used by Batak Angkola Subethnic of Bulumario Village, Sipirok, South Tapanuli, North Sumatera

Khairissa Trisliani Asmara, Nisyawati, Marina Silalahi
Ethnobotany is interdisciplinary study of human and plants practical use. The study was conducted in Bulu Mario Village in Sipirok District, South Tapanuli. Bulu Mario Village is directly contiguous to the Sibual-Buali wildlife sanctuary. It has an area of about 3000 ha inhabited by 53 householders with...
Proceedings Article

Analysis of Water Quality from Several Rivers as Habitat of Mungkus Fish (Sicyopterus sp.) in Bengkulu Province

Apriza Hongko Putra, Dian Fita Lestari, Sipriyadi
Mungkus Fish (Sicyopterus sp.) is Gobiid fish inhabiting fast flowing and good quality river in Bengkulu Province. Today, it is rare to find Mungkus fish in the river. One of the extinction threats is the decline of water quality. This research was aimed to measure abiotic factor like chemical and physical...
Proceedings Article

Facilitating Business of Young Agro-Preneurship Through Value Chain Partnership and Optimizing the Digital Channel/Technology to Improve the Market

Tri Ismono, Amelia Gita Tifani, M. Sukri
The lack of young farmers is one factor that inhibits the development of the agriculture sector in Indonesia. The number of older farmers is increasing, while the younger ones are decreasing [1]. John Deere and Mercy Corps Indonesia initiated the POWER 2 program, which focuses on assisting young farmers...
Proceedings Article

Identification of ACE1 Inhibitor Derived from Ashitaba’s Chalcones: An in Silico Approach

Thomas Alessandro, Yulanda Antonius, Ardhia Deasy Rosita Dewi, Sin War Naw, Prita Ayu Kusumawardhany, Lanny Kusuma Widjaja, Hazrul Iswadi, Mariana Wahjudi
The angiotensin-converting enzyme, ACE1, is one of enzymes important to blood pressure modulation. The inhibition of protein responsible for blood pressure regulation, the angiotensin-converting enzyme, ACE1, is considered as a method to alleviate the hypertension condition Ashitaba plant might be potent...
Proceedings Article

The effect of supplementation with different protein source on feed intake, digestibility and semen characteristics of Donggala Bulls given corn stover and rice bran

I Wayan Sulendre, Marsetyo, Damry
The effects of supplementation with different protein sources on intake, digestibility and semen characteristics of Donggala bulls fed corn stover and rice bran were assessed. Four Donggala bulls were used, with initial average weight 425 ± 5.9 kg. The experiment consisted of 4 experimental periods,...
Proceedings Article

Effects of Dietary Supplementation with Jackfruit Leaves and Soybean Meal on Nutrient Intake and Digestibility in Sheep

Prakosa Wirayudha, Wahyu Setyono, I. G. S. Budisatria, Rahmawati Rahmawati, Kustantinah Kustantinah
This study aimed to evaluate the effect of dietary supplementation with soybean meal (which is known to have high nutritional value) and jackfruit leaves (which are abundant resources) on nutrient intake and digestibility in sheep. For that purpose, 12 female thin-tailed sheep (age = 1.5 years old; body...