Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Contemporary Education, Social Sciences and Humanities (ICCESSH 2019)

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473 articles
Proceedings Article

Phenomenological Sociology as a Variant of Post-non-classical Theory in Social Cognition

Anna Antipina
This article examines trends in the development of modern social science: a change in the types of rationality, suggesting a departure from the Enlightenment ideals, a change of point of view on the problem of the science foundations (the principle of sociocultural conditioning of knowledge replaces...
Proceedings Article

Methodology of Neo-inductivism: Critical Analysis

Sergey Lebedev
The main principles of the methodology of neo-inductivism are analyzed — the core of the philosophy of science of logical positivism. The main difference between neo-inductivism and Bacon-Mill classical inductivism is the new understanding of the main function of induction as a cognition method. In classical...
Proceedings Article

Study on Ontology of Evil

Valery Gubin, Helen Nekrasova
This paper is dedicated to the analysis of the place and role of evil in a human life, in society and culture. The authors put into the spotlight some aspects of the phenomenon of evil, previously overlooked by the philosophers. Among those aspects, the idea of the inevitability and necessity of evil...
Proceedings Article

Understanding of the Beginning of Hegel's Philosophy Taking Section I in the Introduction of "Shorter Logic" as an Example

Junxin Li
What is philosophy and the relationship between philosophy and science has always been a central concern for scholars. In the "Shorter Logic", Hegel pointed out that philosophy is a science, but he defined science beyond philosophy as other science, denying the authenticity of its knowledge. It can be...
Proceedings Article

Emotional Transcendence in Confucianism

Ming Yi
Emotion is a form of psychological reaction shared by human beings. It determines the transcendental spirit shared by human beings. The emotional transcendence of Confucian culture in Chinese traditional culture is very obvious, and the cultural core of emotional transcendence is different in the performance...
Proceedings Article

Theory of "Perfect Penetration Without Obstruction" and Ecological Affinity On the Epic "Gesar" from the Perspective of Ecological Literature

Juntao Wang, Liang Yan
Epic "Gesar" is an encyclopedic literary masterpiece of Tibetan well-known to the world. And its encyclopedic inclusiveness provides a broad academic field for research on it in terms of breadth, thickness and depth. From the perspective of ecological literature, the "all creatures are equal" and ecological...
Proceedings Article

Study on the "Enantiodromia" in Analytical Psychology

Bo Wu, Yali Xin
Enantiodromia is one of the most important philosophical theories in analytical psychology. It is the cornerstone of the principle of unconscious compensation. From the enantiodromia theory of Heraclitus to the dualism and then to the Eastern philosophy represented by China and India, it forms enantiodromia...
Proceedings Article

The Major Trends in the Development of African Philosophy in the Contemporary World

Ejike Sam-Festus Chukwujekwu
This article focuses on African philosophy issues, ideas and the major trends of its development in the contemporary world. It’s emphasized that one of the main trends in the development of African philosophy in the contemporary world is the search for African identity, ideas of African renaissance....
Proceedings Article

Study on the Blending of Marxism and Chinese Traditional Philosophy An Investigation Based on Feng Qi's Theory of Human Nature

Jiafeng Shao
As an ancient country in the East, China has accumulated a philosophical tradition of unique Chinese national spirits in the long history of thousands of years. In the years of modern and turbulent times, Marxism pointed out the direction for China's revolution and construction. However, as far as the...
Proceedings Article

Yangming Psychology and Individual Moral Consciousness

Jiafeng Wu, Jing He
Individual moral consciousness is not only an "should-be" path for an individual to obtain happiness, but also the value orientation of "should-be" of an individual in the individualized era, as well as an obligation "should-be" of a person. The thought that individuals should "sincerely" seek "conscience"...
Proceedings Article

Thoughts on Philosophy Education in Higher Vocational Colleges

Fenghua Kang
Philosophy education, professional knowledge transfer and cultural quality cultivation are the basic forms of education for colleges and universities. Philosophy education is based on its own characteristics and vision, paying attention to students' pursuit of truth, goodness and beauty, and realizing...
Proceedings Article

Scientific Creativity Triple Determination Patterns

Nikolay N. Gubanov, Nikolay I. Gubanov, Evgeny Yusipov
Three main factors are identified that determine the appearance of discoveries and inventions in science and technology: intra-scientific (logical and empirical); extra-scientific (sociocultural) and personal (mental). Their relationship and interaction are considered. It is shown that the first factor...
Proceedings Article

H. Cohen and E. Cassirer: the Foundations of Kant’s Ethics

Leonid Tetyuev
The subject for analysis in this article is the foundations of Kant’s ethics in the Neo-Kantian philosophy of the Marburg school. This article draws the parallel between the ethics of H. Cohen and P. Natorp. In contrast to E. Cassirer’s teachers, who defined ethics as an important part of philosophy,...
Proceedings Article

The Inheritance and Development of Xi Jinping's Ecological Civilization Thought to Marx's Concept of "Ecological Man"

Xing Meng
The relationship between man and nature is the eternal theme of mankind. The construction of ecological civilization is the inevitable choice for human society to achieve sustainable development. The destruction of today's ecosystems, the deterioration of the environment, and a series of global ecological...
Proceedings Article

Herman Cohen’s Influence on the Baden School of Neo-Kantianism in Russia Based on Works by Boris Valentinovich Yakovenko

Nadezhda Storcheus
The end of the 19th, and the beginning of the 20th centuries in philosophy are marked as absolute dominance of schools and trends concerning the issues of cognition. On the whole, the philosophical views of Boris V. Yakovenko was influenced both by the classics of philosophical thought, (the most authoritative...
Proceedings Article

Political Philosophy of Al-Ghazali

Nur Kirabaev, Maythem Al-Janabi
The article is dedicated to the major issues of the political philosophy of the prominent medieval philosopher of the Muslim East al-Ghazali (1058 - 1111). It is exactly the consideration of both the historical circumstances and political practice of the state (Caliphate / Imamate) of his days that allowed...
Proceedings Article

The Materialized Form of Alienation of Communication and Its Hidden Essence Reading Marx's The Digest of James Muller's “Principles of Political Economy”

Wenyi Liu
For a long time, The Digest of James Muller's “Principles of Political Economy" (hereinafter referred to as "Digest") is regarded as a "copy" of the 1844 Economics and Philosophy Manuscript (hereinafter referred to as "Manuscript"). In fact, the theoretical value of the Digest lies in its indelible point...
Proceedings Article

The Transformation of Power in a City: Social and Philosophical Aspects

Olga Lomako, Olga Filimonova
Some aspects of transformation of power resulting from the intersection of macro-social trends and their specific spatial and social forms are studied. As the organizing principle of the analysis, the genealogy method was chosen. In the context of the overall conceptual field of philosophy of society,...
Proceedings Article

Mythological Thinking and the Formation of Mythological Notions. Myth and Language in the Concept of E. Cassirer

Olga Strelnik
The article is devoted to the comparison of principles of linguistic name-forming and the formation of mythological notions. On this basis the characteristic features of mythological thinking become clearer. The theoretical basis of the research is the ideas of E. Cassirer. The author of the article...
Proceedings Article

Heidegger's Pot — The Gathering of the Four Elements of Heaven, Earth, God and Man

Lu Xiang
Heidegger, as a master of German existential philosophy, generally believes that he has experienced three stages: early, middle and late. The thoughts and investigations of existence are the focus of Heidegger. The more important part of it is his long-term exploration and reflection on the existence...
Proceedings Article

Philosophy of V.E. Sezeman: the Source of the Formation of the Theory of Pure Knowledge

Pavel Vladimirov
The article analyzes the process of formation of the theory of pure knowledge of V. E. Sezeman. The basic preconditions of formation of the problem of rational and irrational are shown. Special attention is paid to the influence of the Marburg school of German neo-Kantianism on the position of the Russian...
Proceedings Article

Relative Ontology and the Ground of Future Morality

Petr M. Kolychev
Relative ontology issue from the principle of differentiation: to be means to differ. This brought us to such scenario of global development, which goes from somatic being through anthropological one and finally to theological one. It is striving to the theological being that is the ground of future...
Proceedings Article

Research on the Connotation of Chinese Traditional Self-cultivation Culture

Chunyan Wu
Chinese traditional self-cultivation culture, as a rich cultural phenomenon, has its own perfect system. It originated from Chinese philosophy: Confucianism. It takes human nature theory as its theoretical basis, moral self-discipline as its basic model, and spiritual realm as its ideal pursuit, thus...
Proceedings Article

Neo-Kantianism and Specificity of "Sciences of the Spirit"

Sergei Nizhnikov, Tuyet Le Thi
The article analyzes the fundamental difference between the “sciences of nature” and the “sciences of the spirit” revealed in Neo-Kantianism both in the subject and in the method. Whereas the “sciences of nature” tend to cognize the truth, the “sciences of the spirit” are meant to comprehend and create...
Proceedings Article

Georgy Fedotov: a Person in the World of Culture

Sergei Nizhnikov, Igor Grebeshev
Having travelled the difficult path of internal intellectual development and gone through fascination with social democratic ideas, like many other Russian thinkers of the early 20thcentury, after overcoming the nihilism of revolutionary ideology, Georgy Fedotov gained a balanced position of a historian...
Proceedings Article

Study on the Specificity of L.P. Karsavin’s Historico-philosophical Approach

Viacheslav V. Serbinenko
The article deals with some specific features of L. Karsavin’s approach to the history of philosophy. The peculiarities of the position expressed by this philosopher concerns various traditions of the World philosophy and, in particular. And Russian philosophy is being discussed. The central issue is...
Proceedings Article

Reception of Neo-Kantian Philosophy in Russian Academic Circles: Alexander Vvedensky

Vladimir Dudyshkin
The article examines the process of perception (also including critical thinking) and interpretation of Neo-Kantian philosophy, especially of the Marburg school, by Russian academic philosophical circles in the late 19th – early 20th century. The study focuses on Russian thinker Alexander Vvedensky;...
Proceedings Article

Squaring and Hexagonizing Logical Relations Among Three Different Kinds of Deontic Modality “Obligatory” A Model for Logically Formalized Axiomatic Epistemology Theory

Vladimir Lobovikov
In contrast and complement to the logical square and hexagon by G. Kalinowski modeling logic of norms, in this paper such logical square and hexagon of conceptual opposition are submitted which model logical interconnections among three different kinds of deontic modality “obligatory”. The qualitative...
Proceedings Article

Critical Realism as a Form of Economical Ontology

Alexey Antonov, Andrey Orekhov
The article is dedicated to the analysis of critical realism as one of the most noticeable trends in modern methodology of economy. The authors of the article note that Tony Lawson quite reasonably criticized an economic mainstream against enthusiasm for mathematical models which often have problematic...
Proceedings Article

Development of Kant’s Ideas in A.V. Veideman’s Theory of Knowledge

Anastasia Lebedeva
The article gives an assessment of Veideman’s theory of knowledge. It describes the biographical details of philosopher's life. The article explores the work of A. Veideman's “Thinking and being. The logic of sufficient reasoning", which is one of the main works of the philosopher. It also includes an...
Proceedings Article

Study on Conceptual Precision and the Limited Applicability of "Truth", "Theory" and "Practice" to Indian Philosophical Traditions

Andrei V. Paribok
The paper treats some conceptual problems of adequate translation of the Indian traditional philosophical texts. A certain deficiency of Western philosophical background which is rather often case among the translators of these texts into European languages sometimes results in terminological vagueness...
Proceedings Article

Ontological and Gnoseological Fundamentals of the Transcendentalism of Boris Yakovenko

Anna Shiyan
The article discusses the works by Boris Valentinovich Yakovenko, one of the most prominent representatives of neo-Kantianism in Russia. The article examines Yakovenko’s ontological and gnoseological views. They are analyzed in the context of the essential German and Russian philosophical currents of...
Proceedings Article

Phenomenology of Dialectical Contradiction

Dmitry Mamchenkov
The article considers the possibility of understanding dialectical thinking and dialectical contradiction through the prism of phenomenological approach. Dialectic describes the transition between the noematic and noetic levels, justifying the need for a transition to a new content. This new content...
Proceedings Article

Using H.Cohen's Approach to Actualize E.Husserl's Ideas

Dmitry Popov, Anton Skutin, Vladimir Sokol
In the course of research concerning the phenomenology approach, the authors have found out that many of E. Husserl's ideas lost their significance even in the phenomenology framework due to the transition to post-phenomenology. When previously it happened to the ideas of I. Kant, H. Cohen managed to...
Proceedings Article

The Phenomenological Approach in Teaching

Dmitriy Popov, Svetlana Kudryashova, Vladimir Sokol
Being one of the leading philosophical directions, phenomenology offers an approach for various scientific scopes to benefit from. Among these scopes, education and teaching constitute the most important ones. The phenomenological approach in teaching is widely applied in different educational spheres...
Proceedings Article

Neo-Kantian Philosophy of Law of Novgorodtsev and Marxism

Elizaveta Frolova
The article gives an assessment of Marxist ideology in the philosophy of law of the Russian representative of the Baden school of Novgorodtsev's neo-Kantianism. The evolution of classical Marxism at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries in the interpretation of Novgorodtsev is shown. On the example...
Proceedings Article

Interpreting Indian Texts: Concepts vs. Context

Evgeniya Desnitskaya
This paper deals with the two general methodological approaches for the interpretation of Indian cultural phenomena, viz. the conceptual and the contextual ones. Generally, it can be said that the conceptual approach aims to express Indian philosophical ideas and cultural narratives in terms of Western...
Proceedings Article

Leo Tolstoy’s and Henri Bergson’s "Philosophy of Life": Comparative Analysis

Igor Evlampiev, Inga Matveeva, Viktor Kupriyanov
The article deals with the comparative analysis of philosophical conceptions of life proposed by Leo Tolstoy and Henri Bergson. The authors show the affinity of the definitions of life proposed by H. Bergson in his work “Creative evolution” and by L. Tolstoy in his works “On life” and “Path of life”...
Proceedings Article

Hermann Cohen and the Philosophy of Dialogue

Ilya Dvorkin
This article proves that the philosophy of dialogue in its various manifestations, in based on the ideas of Hermann Cohen. He researched in detail crucial for the philosophy of dialogue ideas of relations of persons (I, Thou, We) already in his works 1904 and 1919. Other authors of the philosophy of...
Proceedings Article

Cassirer’s Revision of Cohen

Ira Irit Katsur
Ernst Cassirer has been proclaimed a follower of Hermann Cohen. However, Cassirer modified the basic concepts of Cohen’s theory of knowledge, so that Cassirer’s philosophical positions in many aspects actually stand in opposition to Cohen’s. Although Cassirer did follow Cohen’s methodology coherently,...
Proceedings Article

Contemporary Russian Studies of the Life and Works of Hermann Cohen

Julia Karagod
The article analyzes the current state in the field of domestic historical and philosophical research of the founder of the Marburg school of neo-Kantianism Hermann Cohen. It is indicated that a truly productive study of the work of Hermann Cohen in Russia before the October revolution did not take place....
Proceedings Article

Neo-Kantianism in the Soviet and Post-Soviet Jurisprudence: Life Under an Assumed Name

Vladimir Przhilenskiy, Irina Przhilenskaya
The body of the modern Russian knowledge of law as well as of any other particular academic knowledge is complex and heterogeneous. Historical (genetic) and conceptual heterogeneity is sometimes surmounted through various theory reorganizations or terminology adjustments. A special issue, in this respect,...
Proceedings Article

The Historical Epistemology as a Philosophical Reflection of the History of Science: the Normative and Descriptive Approaches

Amina Fakhrutdinova
The following article deals with three problems of the historical epistemology in the context of distinction of the normative and descriptive approaches. The fist problem concerns the configuration of descriptive and normative vectors within the single conception. Their possible combinative variants...
Proceedings Article

Augustinian Understanding of Human Freedom and the Divine Predestination as the Phenomenon of the Medieval Culture

Olga Chistyakova
The author considers the important problem of the Medieval culture relating to the interrelation between human freedom and divine predestination. This theoretical issue is presented throughout the history of Christianity but it was revealed and most actively discussed at the period of Patristics when...
Proceedings Article

"Images of Man" in Philosophical Anthropology from Antiquity to Postmodern

Olga Khalutornykh
The paper concerned with the ambiguity and semantic openness of the concept of “person” in a broad sociocultural context, in its historical development, reveals the relative isolation of questions of philosophical anthropology and the relationship of its problems with other areas of philosophical knowledge,...
Proceedings Article

Fake News and Modern Reasoning

Olga Malyukova
The following article describes the phenomenon of “fake news” as a powerful means of argumentative influence. It is concluded that nowadays the influence of fake news can be characterized as a global phenomenon. The fake problem did not arise in our time; it accompanies mankind throughout its existence,...
Proceedings Article

Role of Purusha-sukta in Philosophy of Vishishtadvaita

Ruzana Pskhu
The study of the philosophical doctrine of Vishishtadvaita uncovers some logical difficulties of this system. Particularly, the concept of God and his relationships with the world and souls cannot be rationally explained and systemized in a non-contradictory way (as we can see for example in Advaita-Vedanta...
Proceedings Article

Methodological Consequence of Application of Gerhard Oberhammer’s Religious Hermeneutics to the Study of Indian Philosophy Based on His "Begegnung als Kategorie der Religion Hermeneutik"

Ruzana Pskhu
The paper deals with some categories of Gerhard Oberhammer’s Religious Hermeneutics like "Begegnung". The author tries to trace the history of this notion in the history of the European philosophy (particularly, the possible influence of Heidegger’s “Sein und Zeit”) and define the scopes of a new meaning,...
Proceedings Article

"6K" Post-non-classical Epistemology

Sergey Lebedev
In the course of the global evolution of world science, there was a consistent change of its six cultural and historical types: ancient Eastern science, ancient science, medieval European science, classical modern European science, non-classical science and post-non-classical science. The formation of...
Proceedings Article

Philosophy as a Questioning and Dialogue: Concerning the Problem of Philosophical Knowledge Translation

Valery Nekhamkin, Galina Chernogortseva, Alexey Skvortsov
The article highlights the difficulties arisen in the process of philosophy teaching in a technical university. The purpose of the article is to display heuristic approaches to increase the efficiency of teaching philosophy and to shoe gaining student interest. Authors indicate contact points between...