Proceedings of the International Conference on Mathematical Sciences and Statistics 2022 (ICMSS 2022)

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41 articles
Proceedings Article

Peer-Review Statements

Nadihah Wahi, Muhammad Aslam Mohd Safari, Roslan Hasni, Fatimah Abdul Razak, Ibragimov Gafurjan, Anwar Fitrianto
Proceedings Article

Short-Term Performance of the Probability-Based Universal Portfolio

Sook Theng Pang, How Hui Liew, Jia Lin Neoh
Universal portfolio is an investment strategy that produced an efficient performance in the stock market. Two universal portfolios generated by probability distribution, namely multinomial distribution universal portfolio and multivariate normal distribution universal portfolio are selected in this study....
Proceedings Article

Prime Power Noncoprime Graph and Probability for Some Finite Groups

Nurfarah Zulkifli, Nor Muhainiah Mohd Ali
The study of coprime probabilities and graphs have its own uniqueness that produces a particular pattern according to its variabilities. Some obvious results can be seen from previous research where the domination number will always be equal to one and the types of graphs that can be formed are either...
Proceedings Article

Translation-Invariant p-Adic Gibbs Measures for the Potts Model on the Cayley Tree of Order Four

Mohammad Azim Mohd Azahari, Mohd Ali Khameini Ahmad, Nor Muhainiah Mohd Ali
Different topological structure between real and p-adic fields provides a distinct condition for solution of equations or system of equations. For example, the equation $$x^{2} + 1 = 0$$ does not have solution over real field but it has solution over p-adic field for $$ p \equiv 1\left( {\bmod 4} \right)$$....
Proceedings Article

Investment in Malaysia: Forecasting Fixed Deposit Using Time Series and Regression Analysis

Nuzlinda Abdul Rahman, Kevin Pang, Chen Yi Kit, Fauhatuz Zahroh Shaik Abdullah, Nur Sofiah Izani, Wan Muhamad Amir W. Ahmad
This paper studies Malaysian banking fixed deposit (FD) rates from 1997 to 2018 using time series and regression analysis. The FD rates is based on rates set by Bank Negara Malaysia. Multiple Linear Regression (MLR) is used to study the linear relationship between FD Rates and certain economic and financial...
Proceedings Article

Neutrosophic Delta Beta Normal Topological Space

Raja Mohammad Latif
Real-life structures always include indeterminacy. The Mathematical tool which is well known in dealing with indeterminacy is neutrosophic. Smarandache proposed the approach of neutrosophic sets. Neutrosophic sets deal with uncertain data. The notion of neutrosophic sets is generally referred to as the...
Proceedings Article

Neutrosophic Semi-alpha Continuous Mappings in Neutrosophic Topological Spaces

Raja Mohammad Latif
In 2017, Qays Hatem Imran, F. Smarandache, Riad K. Al-Hamido, and R. Dhavaseelan presented the concept of neutrosophic open sets called neutrosophic semi-α-open sets and studied their fundamental properties in neutrosophic topological spaces. He also presented neutrosophic semi-α-interior and neutrosophic...
Proceedings Article

Magnetic Nanofluids (MNFs) Radiative Flow Over a Moving Surface with Convective Boundary Condition

Nur Syahirah Wahid, Norihan Md Arifin, Najiyah Safwa Khashi’ie, Ioan Pop, Norfifah Bachok, Mohd Ezad Hafidz Hafidzuddin
Magnetic nanofluids (MNFs) have recently piqued the interest of many experts because of their capability and significance in various real applications. Hence, in this study, we want to numerically highlight the influence of convective boundary conditions and radiation on the magnetic nanofluids (MNFs)...
Proceedings Article

Autonomous Language Processing and Text Mining by Data Analytics for Business Solutions

Voon Hee Wong, Wei Lun Tan, Jia Li Kor, Xiao Ven Wan
Speech analytics solution is a technology that enables a company to discover customer’s patterns and insights by analyzing relevant data, such as recorded audio files or phone conversations. The accuracy of speech recognition or speech-to-text transcription has been a challenge all along. This paper...
Proceedings Article

New Hybrid Conjugate Gradient Method Under Exact Line Search

Ain Aqiela Azamuddin, Nurul ‘Aini, Mohd Rivaie, Zuraida Alwadood
Conjugate gradient (CG) method is one of the popular method in solving unconstrained optimization problem. This method is notable for being an intermediate between the steepest descent method and the Newton’s method. In this study, a new hybrid CG method is proposed with the main focus on improving Aini-Rivaie-Mustafa...
Proceedings Article

Lie Symmetries, Optimal System, and Invariant Solutions of the Generalized Cox-Ingersoll-Ross Equation

H. S. Tang, K. Y. Chong, B. H. Kee
The Cox-Ingersoll-Ross (CIR) model is a short-rate model and is widely used in the finance field to predict the movement of interest rates in bond pricing models. This paper exploited Lie symmetry analysis to solve the generalized CIR model by determining the infinitesimal generators. Lie symmetry is...
Proceedings Article

Assessment of Various Rainfall Bias Correction Techniques in Peninsular Malaysia

Yashotha Satianesan, Wei Lun Tan, Lloyd Ling
Climate impact assessment models can have outputs that are sensitive to biases on the local scale. Hence, bias correction methods are used to amend the distribution of the climate impact assessment model in order to match the local observations. A great deal of errors can be removed from the model after...
Proceedings Article

Bayesian MCMC Approach in Prognostic Modelling of Cardiovascular Disease in Malaysia: A Convergence Diagnostic

Nurliyana Juhan, Yong Zulina Zubairi, Ahmad Syadi Mahmood Zuhdi, Zarina Mohd Khalid
Most studies that considered the Bayesian Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) approach in prognostic modelling of cardiovascular disease were only focused on the application of the Bayesian approach in variable selection, model, and prior distribution choice. Yet rarely of these studies have explored the...
Proceedings Article

Model Identification and Derivation for Double Seasonal Integrated Moving Average (DSARIMA) Model

Puteri Aiman Syahirah Rosman, Nur Haizum Abd Rahman
Double Seasonal Autoregressive Integrated Moving Average (DSARIMA) model is an extension of the single SARIMA that is incorporated in modelling data with two seasonality. Model identification, parameter estimation and diagnostic checking are the steps in the modelling. However, the model identification...
Proceedings Article

An Inventory Model with Recovery and Periodic Delivery that Considers Carbon Emission Cost

Ivan Yeo
This paper proposes an integrated inventory model that considers three types of inventories: used items, service items, and raw materials. Used items are collected from the market and are restored to a serviceable condition to satisfy demand. If the quantity of the restored items is lacking, then the...
Proceedings Article

Mortality Modelling Using Stochastic Mortality Models: A Study on Malaysia’s Ethnic Groups

Qian Yun Ng, Lay Guat Chan
Globally, the life expectancy of the population has been continuously improving over the years due to healthcare and socioeconomic advancements. The rapid increase in life expectancy over the last few decades leads to an ageing population as the population lives longer. With the rise of elderly population...
Proceedings Article

Classifying the Severity Levels of Traffic Accidents Using Decision Trees

Zamira Hasanah Zamzuri, Khaw Zhi Qi
Road accident is one of the main causes of deaths in Malaysia as well as heart disease and cerebrovascular disease. This study aims to identify the main factors that drive the occurrence of road accidents in Malaysia. Thus, preventive measures can be designed to reduce the incidence of road accidents....
Proceedings Article

Uncertain Negative Data in DEA: An Application of Banking in Malaysia

Rokhsaneh Yousef Zehi, Noor Saifurina Nana Khurizan
DEA models and their applicability is heavily depended on the type of data that has been used for efficiency assessment. Conventional DEA models assume the all the involved data in the efficiency evaluation are non-negative, which in many cases seems unrealistic specially when the profit or the rate...
Proceedings Article

Robustness of Extended Benford’s Law Distribution and Its Properties

Shar Nizam Sharif, Saiful Hafizah Jaaman-Sharman
It was anticipated more than a century ago that the distribution of first digits in real-world observations would not be uniform, instead follow a trend in which measurements with lower first digits occur more frequently than measurements with higher first digits. Frank Benford coined the term “First...
Proceedings Article

Wavelet Convolutional Neural Network for Forecasting Malaysian PM10 Time Series Data

Mohd Aftar Abu Bakar, Noratiqah Mohd Ariff, Mohd Shahrul Mohd Nadzir
Hourly particulate matter time series data from eight air quality monitoring stations in Peninsular Malaysia were forecast by using the Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) algorithm. Instead of using the original time series, which are time-domain sequence data, this study used the time-frequency domain...
Proceedings Article

Comparative Analysis Between L-Moments and Maximum Product Spacing Method for Extreme PM10 Concentration

Mohd Aftar Abu Bakar, Noratiqah Mohd Ariff, Mohd Shahrul Mohd Nadzir
There are several times where Malaysia suffers from severe air pollution, especially the urban and industrial area. The air quality stations across the country monitor various variables of air pollutants including particulate matter such as PM10. Due to harmful effects of pollution on human health and...
Proceedings Article

Socio-Demographic Factors and Evaluation of the Degree of Public Risk of Developing Diabetes Type 2 in Relation to Takaful Policy

Sharifah Fairuz Syed Mohamad, Mohd Radzniwan A. Rashid, Zurina Kefeli, Nurul Aini Muhamed, Azrul Azlan Iskandar Mirza, Junaidah Abu Seman, Saharuddin Ahmad
The alarming increase in type 2 diabetes have not only impacted the public with mental and physical distress but have also increased anxiety and burden on financial aspects in relation to preventing and treating the disease. This has mostly been a result of increasing health care costs and unhealthy...
Proceedings Article

Performance Analysis for Passenger Satisfaction of Kuala Lumpur International Airport

Khuneswari Gopal Pillay, Wei Xiang Saw
Kuala Lumpur International Airport (KLIA) serves as the country’s primary international gateway, providing the first impression to airport users and visitors. It also provides incomparable benefits to Malaysia’s economy, such as tourism. Therefore, the airport requires to focus on the passenger’s experience...
Proceedings Article

Survey on Factors Influencing the Unemployment Among UTHM Fresh Graduates

Gopal Pillay Khuneswari, Chia Ching Hsieh
Nowadays, unemployment is a serious problem among fresh graduates. Thus, a survey on factors that influence unemployment among UTHM graduates was conducted. A questionnaire was distributed via email according to a frame list based on the UTHM graduates in 2019 and 2020. A total of 435 responses was collected...
Proceedings Article

Mathematical Modelling and Simulation of Periodontal Ligament Using COMSOL Multiphysics

Mahmoud Moustafa, Muhammad Najib Roslly, Zuhaila Ismail, Nurul Aini Jaafar, Sharidan Shafie, Norehan Mokhtar
This paper investigated the mathematical modelling and simulation of periodontal ligament using COMSOL Multiphysics. The behaviour of the periodontal ligament is studied. The periodontal ligament is sandwiched between two approached parallel rigid impervious plates. The governing equations and the specified...
Proceedings Article

Numerical Approaches for Solving Mixed Volterra-Fredholm Fractional Integro-Differential Equations

N. M. A. Nik Long, K. Alsa’di
In this paper, an approximate solution for solving nonlinear mixed Volterra-Fredholm fractional integro-differential equations is presented. The fractional derivative is defined in terms of Caputo type. Two methods are suggested: Adomin Decomposition Method (ADM) and Residual Power Series Method (RPSM)....
Proceedings Article

Control Chart for Monitoring Stock Price and Trading Volume in Malaysia Stock Market

Zong Ming Tan, Voon Hee Wong, Wei Yeing Pan
Traditional statistical control charts are rarely used as a tool to monitor the stock trading and portfolio analysis due to its capability of proving a buying, selling, or holding signal to the investor. Besides that, the normality assumption for a control chart is always violated due to the share prices...
Proceedings Article

Simultaneous Algorithms for Solving Split Equality Fixed Point Problems for Demicontractive Mappings

Abbas Umar Saje, L. B. Mohammed, Abba Auwalu
In this paper, we introduced new algorithms for solving split equality fixed point problems for the class of demicontractive mappings in Hilbert spaces and proved the convergence results of the proposed algorithms. The results presented in this paper generalized a number of well-known results announced.
Proceedings Article

Modeling and Simulation on Roundabout with Waiting System

Yuat Hoong Cheah, Su Hoe Yeak
Roundabouts play a crucial role, especially in the moderately populated areas and places which are largely residential and are in the vicinity of schools where traffic lights are not in place. Though roundabouts can significantly solve the congestion problem on intersection roads, the mobility and time...
Proceedings Article

Alternative Interval Estimation for the Generalized Exponential Distribution with Interval-Censored and Fixed Covariate

Nada MohammedSaeed Alharbi, Jayanthi Arasan, Nur Haizum Abd.Rahman, Wendy Ling Shin Yie
This paper investigates several alternative methods of constructing confidence interval estimates based on the bootstrap and jackknife techniques for the interval censored generalized exponential distribution with fixed covariates. Simulation studies were conducted to compare the bootstrap techniques,...
Proceedings Article

The Properties of Bounded-Addition Fuzzy Semi-simple Splicing Systems

Mohd Pawiro Santono, Mathuri Selvarajoo, Wan Heng Fong, Nor Haniza Sarmin
One of the first theoretical models for DNA computing is known as splicing system. In a splicing system, two strings of DNA molecules are cut at certain recognition sites, and the prefix of the first string is connected to the suffix of the second, resulting in new strings. For a specific form of splicing...
Proceedings Article

Application of Multiple Linear Regression in Identifying Contributing Factors in Students’ Academic Achievement

Dg Siti Nurisya Sahirah Binti Ag Isha, Siti Rahayu Binti Mohd Hashim
Academic achievement is defined as the capacity to study, recall information or facts, and transmit knowledge in written or verbal form. It is one of the most essential measures of comprehension and learning in all educational systems. It is crucial to identify the factors that would affect students’...
Proceedings Article

Optimizing Workforce Utilization in Motorcycle Component Assembly Using Simulation

Nornajhan Abdul Latip, S. Sarifah Radiah Shariff, Siti Meriam Zahari, Nurul Nadiah Abdul Halim Zahari
The lack of resource utilization has resulted in manufacturing staying at the same level for a long time. This problem cannot be solved simply by adding machines and hiring more labor. There is an urgent need for innovation and more investment in the development of manufacturing systems. Therefore, a...
Proceedings Article

Application of Intuitionistic Type-2 Fuzzy Set on Flat EEG Image

Suzelawati Zenian
In this paper, the Flat EEG images are enhanced based on intuitionistic type-2 fuzzy set. The non-membership function is defined by Sugeno type intuitionistic fuzzy generator. Moreover, a new membership function is defined by using Hamacher t-conorm. Experimental results show that the method provides...
Proceedings Article

Analysis on the Solute Dispersion in Blood Flow Through an Inclined Artery with the Presence of Chemical Reaction

Intan Diyana Munir, Nurul Aini Jaafar, Sharidan Shafie
The present study discusses on the solute dispersion in a blood flow through an inclined artery with the presence of chemical reaction. The blood flow is considered to be laminar, incompressible and steady flow of Bingham model. The continuity and momentum equations are solved in cylindrical coordinate...
Proceedings Article

Solving SEIR Model Using Symmetrized Runge Kutta Methods

Siti Solehah Bakar, Noorhelyna Razali
During these pandemic, SEIR model has become a popular topic among researchers. Such epidemiological model is said to be a great decision tool to forecast the behaviour of Covid19 outbreak for future actions. Following trend, this paper attempts to use symmetrized Runge Kutta methods; Implicit Midpoint...
Proceedings Article

Analysing Time-Scales Currency Exposure Using Maximal Overlap Discrete Wavelet Transform (MODWT) for Malaysian Industrial

Nurul Afaaf Mohd Nasir, Hishamuddin Abdul Wahab
Based on dynamic nature of foreign exchange rate risk toward Malaysian firms across different time horizons, this paper is motivated to investigate the multiscale effect of currency exposure using wavelet analysis for 71 industrial products and services firms listed on the main market of Bursa Malaysia....
Proceedings Article

System Dynamics Simulation Model to Reduce the Traffic Congestion of Metropolitan Cities of India by Implementing Intelligent Transportation System

Aditi Rajput, Madhuri Jain
Poor traffic condition and severe road traffic congestion are an everlasting problem in metropolitan cities of India. With the rapid increase in vehicles, metropolitan cities of India are indispensably facing traffic congestion, which results in economic and environmental losses. This paper presents...
Proceedings Article

Technology and Student Motivation in Online Learning Based on Socioeconomic Background

Sarimah Surianshah, Suriani Hassan, Nurul Atika Sazana Jamin
This study examines the effects of technology commonly used by students on student motivation in online learning in Mathematics and Science based on socioeconomic status. We used a sample of 360 secondary students in both urban and rural areas of Sabah, Malaysia. A random sampling method was employed...
Proceedings Article

The Development of a Hypothesis Testing Learning Module Through 5E’s Model for Technical and Vocational Education Students

Suhaizal Hashim, Alias Masek, Wan Hanim Nadrah Wan Muda, Nurhani Khamis, Nur Zahira Mohamed Zahir, Nurul Nadwa Zulkifli
The teaching and learning of statistics can be seen as something very different from other subjects. Apart from cultivating counting skills that involve high thinking and creativity, statistics also requires an understanding in terms of a concept that is accurate and more comprehensive. However, various...
Proceedings Article

Natural Convection Flow of Casson Fluid with Carbon Nanotubes Past an Accelerated Disk

Ahmad Qushairi Mohamad, Wan Nura’in Nabilah Noranuar, Zaiton Mat Isa, Sharidan Shafie, Abdul Rahman Mohd Kasim, Mohd Rijal Illias, Lim Yeou Jiann
In this study, the impact of heat transfer on free convective Casson nanofluid flow induced by an accelerated disk is analyzed. The study of non-Newtonian Casson nanofluid that is suspended by single wall carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) and multi wall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) has a vital role in human blood...