Advances in Biological Sciences Research

+ Advanced search
2289 articles
Proceedings Article

Reduction of Heavy Metals in Squid, Green Mussels, White Shrimp Using Combination of Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Candida albicans

Adolf J. N. Parhusip, Trifena A. Wijaya, Wahyu Irawati
The area of Muara Angke waters, Cituis waters in Tangerang, and Indramayu waters found various activities, such as industry, fish auction sites, and ship ports which are sources of heavy metal contamination. Pollution of heavy metals at sea due to industrial waste can disrupt marine life that lives in...
Proceedings Article

Food Access Ability and Performance of Fishing Fisheries in Bengkulu City, Indonesia

I. Cahyadinata, Irnad, F.S. Ningsih
Bengkulu City is located along the west coast of Sumatra Island where most of its population work as fishermen by utilizing existing resources in the coastal and marine areas. Fishermen beside produce fishery products, they also need other food which are not produce by themselves to fulfill their daily...
Proceedings Article

Composition and Abundance of Above Ground Insects in Areas Affected by Ant Population Outbreak

Trisnowati Budi Ambarningrum, Imam Widhiono, Hery Pratiknyo, Trisno Haryanto, Fathimah Nurfithri Hashifah
An ant outbreak occurred in an area of Pageraji Village, Cilongok District, Banyumas Regency, at the end of 2020; this disrupted resident activities and caused economic losses. This preliminary study reports the composition and abundance of ground insects in the region of the ant attack. The insects...
Proceedings Article

Coating Performance Based on Palm Oil Derivatives Compared to Plant-Based and OPE-Based on Pineapple Fruit

Muhammad Arif Syakban, Fitri Lestari, Bayu Nugraha, Sri Rahayoe
Indonesia is the fourth largest pineapple producing country in the world. This makes a lot of pineapple exported to foreign countries including Asia, Europe, and America. The length of export shipping causes a decrease in quality which results in poor pineapple conditions in faraway countries. This problem...
Proceedings Article

Glyphosate Bioremediation of Contaminated Fish-pond Water by Paenibacillus sp. FUJX 401 from Industrial Activated Sludge

Guiming Fu, Ruyi Li, Xuehua Wu, Bin Gao, Xiaoqiang Yuan, Caixia Wan, Chengmei Liu
Six glyphosate (GP)-degrading strains were isolated from industrial activated sludge. Among them, strain FUJX 401 showed the highest GP degradability, and was identified as Paenibacillus sp. based on morphological observation, physiological biochemical characteristics, and 16S rRNA gene-sequence analysis....
Proceedings Article

Natural Compounds, Pharmacological Activities, and Conservation of Eria (Orchidaceae)

S. Nurfadilah
Eria is one of the most important medicinal orchid genera. The present study aimed to summarise natural compounds, pharmacological activities, and conservation of Eria to reveal the potential of the genus as bioresources for natural product-based medicines and to highlight the importance of conservation...
Proceedings Article

Behavior and Food of Reintroduced Bornean Orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus wurmbii) at Feeding Site and Forest Area in Lamandau Wildlife Sanctuary

Yulia Raudhatul Balaqis Zahro, Ani Mardiastuti, Dede Aulia Rahman
The Bornean orangutan (Pongo pygameus wurmbii) is a Critically Endangered large Asian primate. Reintroduction had been implemented to recover their population in the wild. The research was conducted in February-April 2021 at Lamandau Wildlife Sanctuary, aimed to identify behavior differences at the feeding...
Proceedings Article

Social Innovation for Creating Local Food Source and Empowering Young Farmers

Community-Supported Agriculture

Ibnu Budiman, Silviana Chandra
The COVID-19 pandemic has revealed vulnerabilities in Indonesia’s complex food systems that threaten food security (including vegetables) in Indonesia. These vulnerabilities are mainly seen in the value chain’s logistics and long distribution process that got highly impacted by lockdown policy. As a...
Proceedings Article

The Value of Quail Day Production, Income Over Feed Cost and Break Even Point of Mrs. Anami’s Quail Business During the Covid-19 Pandemic

Dimas Pratidina Puriastuti Hadiani, Enike Dwi Kusumawati, Tri Ida Wahyu Kustyorini, J.R. Jibrilia Bella S
This study aims to determine the value of Quail Day Production (QDP), Income Over Feed Cost (IOFC), and Break-Even Point (BEP) of Mrs. Anami’s Quail Business During the Covid-19 Pandemic. The material used in this study was 2,800 female quails aged 4-14 months. The method used is a survey with data obtained...
Proceedings Article

The Potential and Characterization of Oil Palm Loose Fruits (Lf) by Steaming and Pressure Steaming (Autoclaving) Process

D. S. Indah Prihatiningtyas, Ridho Ramadhan, Agus Purnomo, N. R. Muhammad Wafi, S. Bella Rinda, Retno Wulandari
Generally the palm loose fruits (LF) that have passed the processing time are considered as solid waste. In this study, the potential of palm loose fruits (LF) will be investigated. Mechanical extraction to obtain crude palm oil (CPO) from palm loose fruits (LF) will be carried out. Before enter the...
Proceedings Article

Clinical Application of Soft Ureter Mirror

Fan-Ping MENG, Yong-liang CUI, Jun WEI, Ji GAO
Objective:To summarize the clinical application of ureter soft mirror. Methods:The treatment of urinary calculi includes ESWL, percutaneous nephrolithotomy, ureter soft mirror and so on , The treatment of urinary calculi with ureter soft mirror is becoming more and more widespread, and the indications...
Proceedings Article

Minapolitan Village: Corporate Social and Environmental Efforts to Fulfill the Needs of Vulnerable Communities Through Smart and Precision Fishery Cultivation

Iwed Mulyani, Mukhammad Fatkhullah, Bambang Imawan
Minapolitan is a regional-based marine and fisheries economic development plan. The plan of minapolitan has been widely adapted to various regions in Indonesia, one of which is Dumai City. Dumai City with coastal characteristics has an opportunity for Minapolitan development. Minapolitan development...
Proceedings Article

Genetic and Epigenetic Aspects of Amelogenesis Imperfecta and Dentinogenesis Imperfecta

Nurulia Januarti, Francisca Veyta Ayu, Ria Puspitawati, Elza Ibrahim Auerkari
Amelogenesis imperfecta (AI) and dentinogenesis imperfecta (DGI) are hereditary dental disorders. AI is a developmental condition resulting in enamel defects of all or almost all teeth. The prevalence ranges from 1:700 to 1:14,000 for AI and from 1:6000 to 1:8000 for DGI. DGI is a collective of autosomal...
Proceedings Article

Simultaneous Heat and Mass Transfer Analysis on the Drying Process of Coconut Palm Sugar Using Air-oven Dryer

Rizayu Wulandari, Sri Rahayoe, Hanim Z. Amanah, Hilda M. S. Dewi
Heat and mass transfer occurred simultaneously during the drying process. Therefore, the drying rate of coconut palm sugar was evaluated by analyzing heat and mass transfer simultaneously using the Runge-Kutta method. In this study, three different temperatures and three various drying loads were carried...
Proceedings Article

Production of Extension Seed Through Local Stakeholders’ Contribution: A Case study of Superior Rice Variety (SRV) Inpari IR Nutri Zinc

N. Sunandar, M. Ramdhani, E. Sirnawati, W. R. Rohaeni, U. Susanto
Pregnant mothers are a nutrition-prone group. Lack of energy chronic has impacts on the fetal and toddler growth, one of it is stunting. The prevalence of stunting in rural areas are higher than those in urban. To overcome the stunting, Ministry of Agriculture through Balitbangtan has released Inpari...
Proceedings Article

Buffalo Farmers’ Abilities in Accessing Information and Financial Supports in Pemalang Regency

Krismiwati Muatip, Rahayu Widiyanti, Yusmi Nur Wakhidati, Lis Safitri, Hermin Purwaningsih, Oentoeng Edy Djatmiko, Alief Einstein, Sri Mastuti, Nunung N Hidayat, Moch Sugiarto, Novie A Setianto
The purpose of the study is to determine the age, level of education, and length of being buffalo farmers with their ability to access the information and financial supports from the government and the banks. The study has been carried out in Pemalang Regency, with the total number of 184 respondents...
Proceedings Article

The Circulating Level of IL-1β in Patients with Age-related Macular Degeneration (AMD) in Yogyakarta: Characteristics to Disease Activity

Supanji, Ayudha Bahana Ilham Perdamaian, Anindita Dianratri, Muhammad Eko Prayogo, Muhammad Bayu Sasongko, Firman Setya Wardhana, Tri Wahyu Widayanti, Angela Nurini Agni, Chio Oka
Age-related Macular Degeneration (AMD) is leading factors for blindness and impaired visual acuity in developed countries. It is importance to study the dynamic of cytokines concentration during the exudative event of AMD to contribute in the future drugs inventions. This research aims to investigate...
Proceedings Article

The Chemical Content of Fermented Black Soldier Fly Larvae with Trichoderma viride as an Alternative Protein Source Feed for Native Chickens

Kasmira, Sulistyawati Ayu Ningrum, Sri Purwanti, Wempie Pakiding, Jasmal A. Syamsu
Black soldier fly larvae or maggot flour contains high crude fibre which makes this raw material difficult to digest. High crude fibre content so that the fermentation process can be carried out as an effort to improve the quality of maggot flour using the fungus Trichoderma viride microorganism. This...
Proceedings Article

Lipolytic and Proteolytic Activities of Fibrolytic Bacteria from Buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) Rumen

Siti Lusi Arum Sari, Triyanto Triyanto, Zuprizal Zuprizal, Irfan Dwidya Prijambada
The use of plant-based feed ingredients in aquaculture is expected to reduce feed costs. However, plant ingredients generally have a low protein content and are difficult to be digested by monogastric animals. The fermentation process is proven to increase the digestibility and nutritional value of plant...
Proceedings Article

Research on Concanavalin A Crystallization in a Flow-Free Droplet-Based Device

Guan-ru DU, Wen-jun ZHANG, Ding-kun JI, Feng-juan CHEN, Di YIN, Hong-bo ZHANG, Rui-xue YIN, Xiao-peng HE, Shih-Mo YANG
Protein crystallography is a very critical process that limits the development of pharmaceutical engineering. Microfluidic technology has provided an opportunity for protein crystallization. In this paper, a flow-free droplet-based device is presented for producing highly controlled crystals and fabrication...
Proceedings Article

Morphological Performance of Edamame Applied by Livestock Manure in Acid Dry Land

Untung Santoso, Agung Nugroho, Jumar, Riza Adrianoor Saputra, Muhammad Imam Nugraha
The deficiency of productive agricultural land was an obstacle in the development of edamame cultivation. The utilization of suboptimal land, especially acid dry land, is a solution for the development of edamame cultivation. South Kalimantan has acid dry land covering an area of 87.61% of the total...
Proceedings Article

Studies on Salt Tolerance of Bacillus Isolated from the Industrial Soy Sauce Residue

Zhenbo Xu, Xuerui Bao, Lili Ji, Jingjing Duan, Hepo Jin, Yang Deng, Lin Li, Bing Li
The annual output of soy sauce was reported to be more than 4.4 million tons in China, which would threaten the environment with its high salinity. The Bacillus in this study were isolated from soy sauce residue, which would contribute to its recycling. This study aims to investigate the external and...
Proceedings Article

White Rot Disease on Garlic Crop:

Identification of the Pathogen and Exploration of the Controlling Strategies

Baiq Nurul Hidayah, Nani Herawati, Ai Rosah Aisah, Muhammad Syafwan
Garlic is horticultural commodity which has very high economic value in Indonesia. Garlic is usually used as a cooking spice, for medicines as well as for cosmetic ingredients. However, Indonesian garlic production is very limited and only supplies at most 17.5% of domestic demand. The province of West...
Proceedings Article

Analysis of Quality and Land Characteristics That Control Local Maize Production in Gorontalo

Nurdin, M. L Rayes, Soemarno, Sudarto
Increase national maize production has not been followed by an increase in maize productivity per unit area because maize was grown on land that was not suitable with these land quality. This study aims to determine the land quality that control of local maize production. This research was conducted...
Proceedings Article

Identification of Fungi Associated with Potato Tuber Causes Dry Rot in Lembang

Novi Irawati, Asma Sembiring
Dry rot, caused by various species of Fusarium, is one of the most important fungal storage rots affecting potatoes. Infection of tubers occurs through wounds during planting, mechanical harvesting, and grading into size bands. The research aim was to identify the fungus carried by the tuber and its...
Proceedings Article

The Use of Plastic Waste as Subtitute for Coarse Aggregate of Concrete

Tamrin Rahman, Raisha Meydiana Damayanti Datu Hamid, Juli Nurdiana, Ery Budiman
Many waste materials are produced from manufacturing processes, service industries, and municipal solid waste, one of which is plastic waste. Plastic consumption from year to year is increasing uncontrollably. The amount of use is getting higher every year because of the high population density that...
Proceedings Article

Drying Profile of Coarse Coconut Palm Sap Sugar Using Simple Air-Oven Dryer

Erlinda Tiarasari, Rizayu Wulandari, Sri Rahayoe, Hanim Z Amanah
The influence of different drying temperatures and drying loads on the drying characteristics of coarse coconut palm sap sugar were investigated in this study. The granulated coconut palm sap sugars were dried using an air-oven dryer at three temperature variations (60, 70, 80°C) and three different...
Proceedings Article

Ultrastructure and Self-Cleaning Function of Moth (Notodontidae) and Butterfly (Lycaenidae) Wings

Yan FANG, Gang SUN, Jing-shi YIN, Wan-xing WANG, Yu-qian WANG
The microstructure, hydrophobicity, adhesion and chemical composition of the butterfly and moth wing surfaces were investigated by a scanning electron microscope (SEM), a contact angle meter, and a Fourier transform infrared spectrometer (FT-IR). Using ground calcium carbonate (heavy CaCO3) as contaminating...
Proceedings Article

Isolation and Identification of Biogas-Producing Methanogenic Bacteria from Cow Manure

Grace Roma Artha Samosir, Ellyas Alga Nainggolan, Meiyer Marthen Kinda, Dedy Anwar
Biogas is a methane-rich gas produced from microbial digestion of waste (agricultural, sewage, and landfill) which can be used for power production. The low rate of biogas production from an anaerobic digester becomes a problem in cow manure processing increasing. Biogas production is influenced by the...
Proceedings Article

Comparison of the 12S rRNA and COI Regions of Mitochondrial DNA for eDNA Detection of Alligator Gar (Atractosteus spatula)

Patricia Agustin, Andi Eko Maryanto, Noviar Andayani
Alligator gar (Atractosteus spatula) has been introduced to many places outside its native range. The fish is considered as an invasive alien species that needs to be eradicated upon encounter in Indonesia due to its aggressive behavior. Despite existing regulations in Indonesia, the fish is still bred...
Proceedings Article

Time Allocation of Family Worker for Bali Cattle Farming and Paddy Rice Farming In South Konawe Regency

La Ode Arsad Sani, Musram Abadi, La Ode Andi, La Ode Muh. Munadi
A working day is a unit of labor used in calculating farming analysis and generally amounts to 8 hours in a day which has been calculated with 1 hour of rest. This study aims to determine the time allocation of family labor for the Bali cattle business with lowland rice farming, carried out in August-September...
Proceedings Article

Leaf Age Promotes Agrobacterium-mediated Transformation of Hybrid Poplar Populus Davidiana Dode × P. bollena Lauche

Xue Han, Bing Han
Poplar as a woody-plant model is significant to improve the transformation efficiency of poplar. The effect of different leaf age as explants on transformation frequency was studied. The results exhibited that the higher transformation frequency was generated by 30-day-old leaf explants, compared with...
Proceedings Article

Exploration of Phyllosphere Bacteria From Andaliman (Zanthoxylum acanthopodium DC.)

Debie Rizqoh, Sipriyadi, Shella Sharon, Indah Dwi Rachmawati, Wulan Okta Kumala, Cintya Nabilla Putri
Phyllosphere bacteria were bacteria that inhabit around the leaf surface. Several studies showed the potential of phyllosphere bacteria in producing bioactive compounds, one of which is antimicrobial compounds. Andaliman (Zanthoxylum acanthopodium DC.) was a plant from the Rutaceae family that was commonly...
Proceedings Article

Prototype of Sliding Type Rice Transplanter for “Tapak Macan” Cropping Pattern

Gigieh Henggar Jaya, Radi Radi, Bambang Purwantana, Muhammad Fauzi Eka Putra, Resza Radya Deva
The “tapak macan” planting system is one of the technologies that has been proven to be successful in increasing rice productivity in the Special Region of Yogyakarta to 16–17 tons/ha. The “tapak macan” is a planting system that uses three stems planted with a triangular symmetrical pattern, with the...
Proceedings Article

Analysis of Livestock Resources Potential for the Development of Beef Cattle in Mojogedang Sub-district, Karanganyar Regency

Sutrisno Hadi Purnomo, Ayu Intan Sari, Shanti Emawati, Endang Tri Rahayu
This study aims to determine the potential of livestock resources for the development of beef cattle in Mojogedang sub-district, Karanganyar Regency. The research was conducted in June-August 2022 located in Mojogedang Sub-district, Karanganyar Regency. The data used are primary data and secondary data....
Proceedings Article

Comparison of Material Handling and Process Preparation Methods for Cocoa Pod Husk Powder

Satria Bhirawa Anoraga, Cristyn Salle Bayu, Luari Giri Pramelini, Fatma Nurul Hida, Annie Mufyda Rahmatika, Anjar Ruspitasari
Cocoa produces a huge by-product during its processing, such as cocoa pod husk (CPH). It requires a proper material handling method to process cocoa pod husk due to its perishability, so it can be used as a food ingredient. This research purpose is to get the best way to produce high-quality cocoa pod...
Proceedings Article

Young Farmers in Action

The Future of Horticulture and Its Challenges in East Nusa Tenggara

Luthfi Retriansyah
The purpose of this study was to look over young farmers’ entrepreneurial behavior and attitude toward challenges in agriculture. Data collection was done through semi-structured interview. This study involved 50 young horticultural farmer respondents in 10 regencies of East Nusa Tenggara. The result...
Proceedings Article

New Report from Sebelas Maret Avifauna to Support Green Campus Program

D. P. Sari, J. Wahyudi, A. Primahesa, Y. R. Siwie
The last report on bird identification on the UNS was in 2015 with the results of 50 bird species, while the development and reforestation processes proceeded rapidly after that. Avifauna is a collection of birds that inhabit a certain location, the wealth and abundance of which is the basis for further...
Proceedings Article

Comparison of the Diversity of Nepenthaceae, Orchidaceae and Zingiberaceae in Disturbed and Undisturbed Forests in Johor, Malaysia

Vinod Kumar Sivarajah, Alona Cuevas Linatoc
This study was carried out to compare the diversity of Nepenthaceae, Orchidaceae, and Zingiberaceae families in central Johor. The chosen locations are the Belumut Forest-Eco Park, Mo’akil Permanent Forest Reserve, and Soga-Perdana Permanent Forest Reserve, which have forest types categorized as, undisturbed...
Proceedings Article

Molecular Aspects of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

Benita Kurniawan, Francisca Veyta Ayu, Benny Mulyono Soegiharto, Elza Ibrahim Auerkari
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease caused by combined genetic and environmental factors that change the normal pathways of human immunity. SLE is potentially fatal and carries significant morbidity. The SLE patient can inherit multiple predisposing genes. T The identified SLE...
Proceedings Article

Properties of Oxidized Starch Prepared by Hydrogen Peroxide, Chlorine Dioxide and Sodium Hypochlorite

Bing Han
Chlorine peroxide, Sodium hypochlorite and hydrogen peroxide were chosen as oxidant to prepare potato oxidized starch, and the properties of oxidized starch were determined. The results showed that carbonyl content of oxidized starch prepared by H2O2 is 0.329%, much higher than other oxidized starch...
Proceedings Article

A Comparison of the Special Wetting Property between Locust and Butterfly Wing

Yan FANG, Gang SUN, Jing-shi YIN, Wan-xing WANG, Yu-qian WANG
The microstructure, wettability and chemical composition of butterfly and locust wing surfaces were investigated by a scanning electron microscope (SEM), a contact angle meter and a Fourier transform infrared spectrometer (FT-IR). The hydrophobicity models were established on the basis of Cassie equation....
Proceedings Article

Mangrove Rehabilitation in Bengkulu City

P. P. Renta, Y. H. Saputra, D. Purnama, Zamdial
Mangrove rehabilitation is an activity to replant mangrove ecosystems that have been damaged. This study aimed to measure the physical condition of rehabilitated mangroves, analyze the role of the government, and measure community perceptions, aspirations and actions in mangrove rehabilitation activities....
Proceedings Article

Ethnobotanical Study of Pitcher Plant (Nepenthes sp.): A Medicine for Diarrhea and Gastroenteritis of Dayak Sampit People

Dedy Idamansyah, Ayatusa’adah
The Dayak Sampit people believe that pitcher plant is a medicine for diarrhea and gastroenteritis. This study aims to depict the ethnobotanical study of pitcher plants in the tradition of Dayak Sampit people of Singsingan Hamlet, Tehang Village, Parenggean Sub-district, Kotawaringin Timur Regency. The...
Proceedings Article

The Effect of Cooperative Partnerships and Participation of Dairy Farmers on Performance of the Agroniaga Jabung Cooperation

Dimas Pratidina Puriastuti Hadiani, Muhammad Nur Ihsan, Puguh Surjowardojo, Bambang Ali Nugroho
Dairy cattle are one of the livestock commodities that have a promising opportunity to make a profit. In Indonesia, many dairy farmers join milk cooperatives to market their fresh milk products. The partnership between dairy farmers and dairy cooperatives is very helpful for farmers in the process of...
Proceedings Article

Semi-automatic Ground Truth Image Construction for Coffee Bean Defects Classification Based on SNI 01-2907-2008

Made Windu Antara Kesiman, Ismail Sulaiman
In the coffee bean test procedure for determining the value of defects, physical separation of defective beans is carried out. This physical test is carried out using human senses or using assistive devices. It is necessary to have a system that can perform the identification and selection process of...
Proceedings Article

Using Ergonomic Checkpoints in Agriculture to Support the Improvement of Work Systems in Rubber Plantations a Case Study in CV. Eja Nursery, East Kalimantan

Lina Dianati Fathimahhayati, Theresia Amelia Pawitra, Tri Budi Purnomo, Jenny Noviani
CV. Eja Nursery is one of the rubber plantations located in Kutai Kartanegara District, East Kalimantan. Indonesia is the second largest rubber producer in the world. Based on the initial observations it was found that there was not ergonomic work environment at CV. Eja Nursery. Not ergonomic work environment...
Proceedings Article

Correlation between soil characteristics and cadmium content in aboveground of cacao farming in Nglangeran village, Gunung Kidul - Indonesia

Ilham Bintang Pratama, Ngadisih, Chandra Setyawan, Katharina Keiblinger, Rizki Maftukhah, Axel Mentler
Cadmium (Cd) is one of the metal elements that is often found contained in cacao plantation system. The first gate of Cd contamination is soil as medium of plant growth. The soil characteristics such as texture and pH play vital role in chemical and physical reaction in the soil that may increase mobility...
Proceedings Article

The Formulation of Liquid Hand Wash Made From Coconut Shell Activated Charcoal

Dian Fita Lestari, Fatimatuzzahra, Dwi Dominica, Risky Hadi Wibowo
Coconut shells are widely used as an ingredient in charcoal for cooking, daily use, and also to make activated charcoal. Activated charcoal has the ability to clean and absorb dirt on the skin, but this has not been widely used. So the purpose of this research is the use of coconut shell-activated charcoal...
Proceedings Article

Enteric Methane from Small Ruminants in Indonesia for Recent Years: Tier 2 Methods

Teguh Wahyono, Dadang Priyoatmojo, Tri Handayani, Afi Candra Trinugraha, Widhi Kurniawan, Tekad Urip Sujarnoko
Indonesia, as an agricultural country, has a large amount of small ruminant population, which contributes a significant amount to national enteric CH4 emission. This study aimed to calculate enteric CH4 emission from small ruminants (sheep and goat) in Indonesia using Intergovernmental Panel on Climate...
Proceedings Article

Construction of a High-Quality Yeast One/two-hybrid cDNA Library from Cassava (Manihot Esculenta Crantz)

Jiao Liu, Shaoping Fu, Yuqiang Guo, Shuo Wang, Ruijun Duan, Ruimei Li, Yuan Yao, Jianchun Guo
Cassava is an important food and potential biofuel crop with starch-rich edible tuberous roots. It is tolerant to multiple abiotic stresses and can produce an acceptable yield under the adverse climatic and nutrient-poor soil. However, the molecular mechanisms of starch accumulation and the abiotic stress...
Proceedings Article

Analysis of Vitiligo Model Based on Clinical Features of Traditional Chinese Medicine and Western Medicine

Xiao-li YAN, Li-hua CAO, Ming-san MIAO
Objective: Analysis common animal models and vitiligo clinical symptoms anastomotic situation, put forward recommendations of improving the model. Methods: By summarizing the characteristics and modeling methods of vitiligo model and according to the clinical diagnostic criteria of vitiligo on TCM and...
Proceedings Article

An Extracellular Cellulase Production Under Solid-State Fermentation of Coffee Pulp Waste by Aspergillus sp. VTM1 and Its Purification

Ramdhan Putrasetya, Reni Rusdianti, Viara Septaninda Sugianto, Rudju Winarsa, Siswoyo, Kahar Muzakhar
Microbial utilization of agricultural biomass wastes has been widely used to synthesize certain an enzyme. We previously investigated that cellulase can be produced under solid stated fermentation based on coffee pulp waste substrate using Aspergillus sp. VTM1. Crude cellulase production was optimized...
Proceedings Article

Binary Logistics Regression Model to Analyze Factors Influencing Technology Adoption Process Vegetable Farmers Case in Central Java Indonesia

Muhamad Rusliyadi, Yanuar Wahyu Yudistira Ardi, Kodrad Winarno
Agricultural extension activities as a form of educational facilities for the community, especially farmers have an important role in making changes with innovations delivered to vegetable farmers. The adoption process of innovation can affect the occurrence of behavior changes that can be observed directly...
Proceedings Article

Pereutaneous Nephrolithotomy in Elderly Patients with Renal Calculi

Fanping Meng, Jiantao Xian, Xu Zhou, Ji Gao
Objective: To explore the safety and efficacy of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) for the treatment of renal calculi in elderly patients. Methods: Totally 57 elderly patients (mean age 69 years, ranged from 61 to 87 years) with renal calculi were treated by PCNL in our hospital from January 2013 to...
Proceedings Article

The Utilization of Medicinal Plants for Diabetes Mellitus Dayak Ngaju Ethnic at Tumbang Samba in Central Kalimantan

Helsi Fujianti, Nanik Lestariningsih, Ridha Nirmalasari
The Dayak Ngaju is the largest ethnic in Central Kalimantan whose existence is spread over several watersheds and very close to nature (forests). It has been a long time since people have traditionally used or made use of various types of plants to treat Diabetes mellitus. The utilization of plant species...
Proceedings Article

The Nutrient Content in Liquid Organic Fertilizer (Bio-slurry) and Its Effect on Plankton Abundance and Total Bacteria in Traditional Pond

Yusnaini Yusnaini, Indriyani Nur, Baheri Baheri
This research aimed to determine the nutrient content and total bacteria in bio-slurry. In addition, the abundance of plankton, total bacteria and protein content of milkfish cultivated in ponds using bio-slurry were analyzed. The first stage was to make bio-slurry by testing two different main raw materials;...
Proceedings Article

Fish Biodiversity Monitoring in Singkarak Lake, West Sumatra: Comparison of Fish Detections Using Environmental DNA and Conventional Methods

D. I. Roesma, D. H. Tjong, Syaifullah, Nofrita, M. N. Janra, F. D. L. Prawira, V. M. Salis, D. R. Aidil
Singkarak lake is the largest lake in West Sumatra that is experiencing a decline in fish species. The main factors are constructing hydroelectric power plants, degradation, overfishing, and invasive species. Therefore, a reliable non-invasive survey method is needed to detect fish species. A monitoring...
Proceedings Article

Comparative Analysis of Agricultural Entrepreneurship Intentions from a Gender Perspective

R. R. Novanda, M. Khaliqi
Every gender has the right to have the same role in making business happen. In this case, the role of women in the development of the agricultural sector and the Indonesian economy is crucial, not only for men. Business in the agricultural sector is essential to improve in Indonesia. Indonesia is an...
Proceedings Article

Effects Leaf Ethanol Extract of Graptophyllum pictum L. Griff. to Inhibit Vaginal Atrophy of Menopausal Mouse

Listijani Suhargo, Sri Puji Astuti W., Alfiah Hayati
Menopausal condition with low estrogen level caused vaginal atrophy that it is a condition where vaginal lining become dryer and thinner and it would be easier to get inflammation. So, it was important to find out the treatment to inhibit it. This research was aimed to determine the effects of Graptophyllum...
Proceedings Article

Amide Resonance Structure Detected by NMR to Predict Hydroxyl Unit in Protein

Yan JI, Xiao-liang YANG, Jun-ming TANG
Amide tautomer imidic acid were exit, which proved by NMR spectra characterization. The protein BSA was test by 1H NMR in different pH values solutions, to show the different amide/imidic acid structures exit in BSA. The amide/imidic-acid unit with H proton communication might be the biological protein...
Proceedings Article

Using Peak Season NDVI for Assessing Soil Constraints Under Different Climate Conditions

Fathiyya Ulfa, Thomas G. Orton, Yash P. Dang, Neal W. Menzies
Impacts of soil constraints limiting yields often depends on climate. In years with adequate rainfall, only small impacts of soil constraints are expected. But in dry years, soil constraints can limit plant water uptake and trigger spatial variation in crop growth. In wet years, waterlogging-related...
Proceedings Article

The Nursing Care of a Chinese Suicidal Patient with an Internal Jugular Vein Catheterization with Hemodialysis

Zhengping Qu, Di Zou, Lei Chen, Shoulin Zhang
Purposes: Summarize the experience of nursing care on a suicidal patient with an internal jugular vein catheterization with hemodialysis. Prevention of such adverse events, improving adherence of patient to hemodialysis. Method: According to the patient's condition, implement emergency care when in a...
Proceedings Article

Energy Efficiency In Lighting Systems Using Fuzzy Logic Control

Indra Dwisaputra, Shalilla Farrah Sahita, Muhammad Distya Rizky
Energy consumption is increasing in daily life along with the development of human life. The most widely used energy source in everyday life is light. In tropical areas and islands such as Bangka Belitung, the intensity of light changes rapidly. Sunny weather in the morning turns dark in the afternoon....
Proceedings Article

Construction, Cloning, and Overexpression of Staphylococcal Enterotoxin B Gene Synthetic (SEBsyn) in pET-28a(+): Pre-development Bacterial-Toxin Therapy for Cancer

Achmad Rodiansyah, Marselina Irasonia Tan, Husna Nugrahapraja
Staphylococcal enterotoxin B (SEB) from Staphylococcus aureus could be considered as a therapeutic agent to eliminate cancer cells. SEB can activate immune response, which furthermore could induce apoptosis of various cancer cells. This study was proposed to design a SEBsyn coding sequence suitable for...
Proceedings Article

Voltage and Current Calculation on Hybrid PV and Microhydro Power Plant Prototypes Based on Arduino

Nur Rani Alham, Muslimin, Restu Mukti Utomo, Idham Apriliyanto, Muhammad Rifaldi, Abdul Mubarak
Hybrid Power Plant is a combination of power plants that use solar and micro hydro power sources. The purpose of this research is to measure the value of power, measure the value of current and voltage measurements using a DC voltage sensor and ACS712 current sensor. The experiment was conducted to determine...
Proceedings Article

Gentamicin Resistance on Escherichia coli Isolated from Cats

Yamin Yaddi, Safika, Fachriyan Hasmi Pasaribu
Antibiotic resistance is currently an important problem in the field of animal and human health. The main triggering factor for the incidence of bacterial resistance is wisdom in the use of antibiotics. Handling cases of bacterial infections in cats still make antibiotics be the main choice. One of the...
Proceedings Article

Production and Partial Purification of Cellulase from Aspergillus sp. VT12 by Solid-State Fermentation Using Coffee Pulp

Farah Salma Elida, Dwi Fajarwati Ramadhani, Rudju Winarsa, Hidayat Teguh Wiyono, Siswoyo, Kahar Muzakhar
Cellulase has been widely used in many applications of industries and is commonly produced by a cellulase-producing-fungus using production substrates from agricultural wastes biomass. In the wet processing of the coffee, up to 63% of coffee pulp rich-cellulose has been released. This potential waste...
Proceedings Article

The Potency of Bacillus siamensis LDR as Biocontrol Agent Against Fungal Phytopathogen

Iman Santoso, Qonita Gina Fadhilah, Andi Eko Maryanto, Yasman
Bacillus spp. was recognized as biocontrol agent because could produce antifungal towards many phytopathogenic fungi. In relation to study the potency of B. siamensis LDR as biocontrol, antagonistic activity of the bacilli was evaluated against Fusarium sp., Ganoderma sp., and Chaetomium globosum InaCC...
Proceedings Article

Indirect Spectrophotometric Determination of Acetylcysteine in Pharmaceutical Sample using Fe(III)-Sulfosalicylic Acid System

Xin-rong WEN, Chang-qing TU
In acidic medium, Fe (III) can be reduced to Fe (II) by hydrosulfuryl (-SH) in acetylcysteine molecule, and then using sulfosalicylic acid as chromogenic reagent of Fe (III) to determinate the acetylcysteine indirectly by discoloration spectrophotometry.An accurate fast spectrophotometric method for...
Proceedings Article

Profitability and Efficiency: Determination of the Sustainable Development Strategy for Candlenut Oil Processing Business

S. Jumiyati, Haeruddin, A. Rauf
The Industrial Revolution era 4.0 directed the development of Non-timber Forest Products (NTFPs) based on development strategies related to aspects of production efficiency and business profitability through rural agro-industry. This research aimed at analysing the profitability and efficiency of the...
Proceedings Article

Worker’s location prediction system for providing location-based service inside poultry houses

Young-Woo Choi, Na-Eun Kim, Gun-ho Lee, Jeong-Hoon Song, Seok-Gun Hong, Hyeon-Tae Kim
The objective of this study was to determine the precise location of workers in poultry houses using BLE beacons methods. Data was collected from two poultry houses using smart device systems during the experimental period. A score map was developed using a fingerprint algorithm based on the obtained...
Proceedings Article

Study on the Brain Stereotaxic Method of Carp Aquatic Animal-robot

Yong Peng, Congshan Guo, Yangyang Su, Zhanqiu Wang, Pei Hua Su, Dan Du, Weichao Shen, Yakun Ju, Ru Tian, Xiangqian Zhou, Fan Zhan, Jie Li, Lijuan Ying
[Purposes] Our aim is to explore the brain stereotaxic method of aquatic animal-robots. [Methods] Carps were anesthetized by Eugenol. The carp skulls and brain were observed by the method of anatomy. Carp brain structure and size were obtained by three-dimension images which were structured by CT. The...
Proceedings Article

Harnessing the Potential of the Economic and Nutritional Power of Integrated Farming

Achmad Nizar, Rika Despita, Setya Budhi Udrayana
The agricultural system in Indonesia has changed to meet the needs. The green revolution farming system has begun to be abandoned and switched to integrated agriculture. Integrated agriculture, in principle, is to integrate several components that work together to produce products. Integrated agriculture...
Proceedings Article

Comparison of Saponin Content on Three Species of Coffee Husk as Potential Feeding Originated From Southern Thailand and Jambi, Indonesia

Yudithia Maxiselly, Pisamai Anusornwanit, Pin Chanjula, Rawee Chiarawipa
Coffee husk is one of solid coffee waste that contains the amount of phytochemical composition, including saponin. Saponin is a valuable compound for human and animal health. This research analysed and compared the saponin value of three species of coffee husk that originated from southern Thailand and...
Proceedings Article

Antibacterial Effectiveness of Synthesized Copper Nanoparticles by Ultrasonication Assisted Method

Ainul Fitria Mahmudah, Yuni Kusumastuti, Himawan Tri Bayu Murti Petrus, Yekti Asih Purwestri
Antibiotic resistance among pathogenic bacteria has become a problem in the medical community. Copper nanoparticles (CuNPs) have become one method of combating antibiotic resistance in bacteria. The antibacterial activity of Synthesized Copper nanoparticles (CuNPs) from sigma 774103-5G against various...
Proceedings Article

Assessment of Phosphate Solubilization and Indole Acetic Acid Production of Phosphate Solubilizing Bacteria Isolated from Acid Soils, Lampung, Indonesia

Muhammad Asril, Yuni Lisafitri, Ainin Niswati, Suskandini Ratih Dirmawati, Rismawati, Ika Agus Rini, Indah Oktaviani
Phosphorus is the main macronutrient required by plants for growth and development. Phosphorus in the soil in bonds with metals such as Al and Ca, especially in acid soils such as ultisols. This form of phosphate must be mineralized or dissolved using phosphate solubilizing bacteria. The ability to dissolve...
Proceedings Article

The Cytotoxicity Effect of Ethanol Extract and Alkaloid Fraction of Mirabilis jalapa Leaves in Hepatocarcinoma Cell Line

Yuliana Heri Suselo, Dono Indarto, Brian Wasita, Hartono
Mirabilis jalapa is a dry tropical plant which is well grown in Indonesia. Betaxanthin active compound is present in the M. jalapa plant, which plays a role in iron metabolism. Cytotoxicity activity is one important assay for drug development. Therefore, this study aimed to determine whether ethanol...
Proceedings Article

The Influence of Mung Bean And Ginger Extracts Combination on Blood Glucose Levels of Type-2 Diabetes Mellitus Rats Model

Shanti Listyawati, Elisa Herawati, Tetri Widiyani
Mung bean (Vigna radiata) is a nutrient-rich food with a low glycemic index, which is generally served in the form of drinks with various flavors. This study aims to examine the effectiveness of mung bean combined with a ginger (Zingiber officinale) extract which contains anti-inflammatory ingredients...
Proceedings Article

Age Estimation Based on Skin Surface Images

Xiang-qian HE, Ling-yu LI, Zheng JIANG, Hao LI
This paper presents a model of detection age which quantifies the appearance changes of human skin at different stages of aging without traditional skeleton. We provide a novel method to extract age-related primitive features from skin surface images obtained by a digital camera, including skin surface...
Proceedings Article

Visible-Near Infrared Reflectance Spectroscopy for Rhodamine B Detection in Chili Paste Using Principal Component Analysis

Hannum Cintya Chairuniza, Jumeri, Rudiati Evi Masithoh, Wahyu Supartono, Nafis Khuriyati
A destructive testing for identification the presence of non-food grade Rhodamine B (RhB) dyes in food products requires complex sample preparation and is not environmentally friendly because of chemical using. Even though, this testing for foodstuffs such as chili paste requires more simple, rapid testing...
Proceedings Article

Treatment and Handling of Purulent Core Production in Facial Spatial Infection by VSD Technique

Lei Shi, Ruimin Liu, Qiaorong Liu
Objective: To discuss treatment of purulent core in facial spatial infection by VSD technique and handling effect; Methods: patients with drainage tube blockage by purulent core are selected as research objects among patients undergoing treatment of oral cavity facial spatial infection by VSD technique,...
Proceedings Article

The Characteristics of Maleo Bird (Macrocephalon Maleo) Eggs in the Wildlife Conservation Area, North Buton, Indonesia

Adam Santrio, Ani Mardiastuti, Dyah Perwitasari-Farajallah
Maleo bird (Macrocephalon Maleo) is a protected endemic animal species of Sulawesi Island due to being in an endangered condition. This bird is included in megapodes with blackish fur and small head shape. This animal is unique due to its monogamous characteristic and relatively giant egg size. Maleo...
Proceedings Article

Weed and Water Stress Detection Using Drone Video

Fazeeia Mohammed, Jade Chattergoon, Roganci Fontelera, Omar Mohammed, Patrick Hosein
Precision agriculture has greatly improved the quality and quantity of crop yield over the last four decades. However, this approach depends on the availability of sufficient quality data. Determining the amount of weed coverage and crop damage is crucial in crop management. In addition, water stress,...
Proceedings Article

Determinants Affecting Productivity of Oil Palm in Desa Air Hitam, Pondok Suguh Sub-district, Mukomuko District. Bengkulu

Satria Putra Utama, Hengki Gunaman, Agus Purwoko
The purpose of this study was to determine the factors affecting productivity in oil palm farming. The study was conducted in Desa Air Hitam, Pondok Suguh District, Mukomuko Regency, Indonesia. Desa Air Hitam in Pondok Suguh District has an area of 10,165 ha (9.87%) of the total area of oil palm plantations...
Proceedings Article

Green Open Space Planning Using the Sustainable Child-Friendly Concept (Case Study: Kampung Seketeng, Sumbawa)

Dharwati P. Sari, Pandu K. Utomo, Nabeela Amalia Putri, Deltaven Yoma
Green open space has a variety of functions that will be useful in creating environmental management balance and harmony. A decent city is not only about luxurious buildings, but also has space and facilities to support children’s growth and development. The purpose of this research is to develop a green...
Proceedings Article

Effect of Gamal Leaves Extract (Gliricidia sepium) on Growth Rate and Feed Conversion Ratio of Bileh Fish (Rasbora sp.)

Zulfadhli, Radhi Fadhillah, Dedi Jusadi, Yushinta Fujaya, Farzan Ikhsan, Burhanis
This study aimed to determine the effect of adding gamal leaf extract in artificial feed on the growth rate and feed conversion ratio of bileh fish (Rasbora sp.). The method used in this research is the experimental method, with Completely Randomized Design experimental design. There were four treatments...
Proceedings Article

Pectinase Production by Aspergillus VTM4 Induced by Pomelo Pulp (C. maxima Merr.) As Substrate

Rudju Winarsa, Okta Novalia Gasani, Tamimul Badriya, Hidayat Teguh Wiyono, Siswoyo, Kahar Muzakhar
Pectinase is a heterogeneous enzyme that hydrolyzes pectin, which is currently in high demand in the industry, so a strategy is needed to produce it economically. Aspergillus VTM4 is a mold that can grow on pomelo pulp and produce pectinase. Under solid-state fermentation, the crude pectinase was produced...
Proceedings Article

Feasibility Assessment of Low Iodine Flow Rate Imaging in Abdominal Contrast-enhanced CT

Ye Li, Huimao Zhang, Hongyan Li
To assess the feasibility of abdominal contrast-enhanced CT imaging using low iodine flow rate .40 consecutive patients referred for abdominal contrast-enhanced CT imaging of upper abdomen were enrolled in this study,and were randomized into 2 groups according to different injection protocols. 28 grams...
Proceedings Article

The Abundance of N-Transforming Bacteria in Ungrazing and Grazing Area Under Oil Palm- Cattle Integration Management in South Kalimantan

Sulastri, Armelia Tanjung, Siti Himawati, Weny Ayunisa, Nailulkamal DJamas, M. Nasir Rofiq
Systematic management of oil palm-cattle integration considers as one of the best alternative solutions to meet the need of increasing local beef and dairy. The change in oil palm plantation management systems can influence the soil microbial community. Microbes mediate many key processes in soils and...
Proceedings Article

Identification and Antibiotic Resistance Profile of Bacteria From Fruit Bat (Chironax melanocephalus)

Masrukhin, Sugiyono Saputra, Syaiful Rizal, Pangda Sopha Sushadi, Nanang Supriatna
Antibiotic resistance is one of the most serious health issues in the world which is commonly attributed to the overuse of antibiotics whether in human or animal treatment. The dispersion of antibiotic resistance genes not only found in bacteria from the clinical sample but also found in wildlife animals....
Proceedings Article

Optimization of Single Cell Protein (SCP) Production using Saccharomyces Cerevisiae by Response Surface Methodology (RSM) on Cell Biomass and Protein Percentage

Anis Usfah Prastujati, Mustofa Hilmi, Asmaul Khusna, Osfar Sjofjan, Muhammad Halim Natsir, Shabrina Ulfa Talitha
This study aims to determine the effect of using molasses, KH2PO4 and MgSO4 media with different concentrations and formulations on S. cerevisiae’s growth in manufacturing single-cell protein (SCP). The method used was the response surface methodology (RSM), consisting of 14 treatment formulations and...
Proceedings Article

Weight Growth of the Hybrid Chicken (Gallus gallus domesticus, Linnaeus 1758) Crossing Result of Female Pelung with Male F3 Golden Kamper

Salma Dewi Pratita, Nareta Defiani, Afifah Nur Hidayah, Nurul Hidayah, Putri Shafira Setyowati, Budi Setiadi Daryono
Backcross is a cross between an offspring and its parents, or an individual that is genetically similar to its parents, to minimize the genetic variation of the resulting offspring. A female Pelung cross with a male F3 Golden Kamper is a type of backcross. Golden Kamper chicken is a breed of chicken...
Proceedings Article

Resistance Test of 6 Eggplant (Solanum melongena Linn.) Genotype Against Bacterial Wilt Disease (Ralstonia solanacearum) in the Greenhouse and on the Field

Awang Maharijaya, Devi Oktavia, Giyanto Giyanto, Heri Harti, Kusuma Darma
Proper testing parameters of eggplant resistance to bacterial wilt in the greenhouse are needed for efficient and effective development of resistant eggplant varieties in order to increase eggplant fruit productivity and quality. This research aims to obtain the most accurate observed resistance testing...
Proceedings Article

The Utilization of Sentinel-1 Soil Moisture Satellite Imagery for Crop’s Water Requirement Analysis in the Dryland Agriculture

M. Wiji Nur Huda, Hanggar Ganara Mawandha, M. Ramadhan AG, Ngadisih Ngadisih
Soil moisture is an essential factor in supporting the crop’s growth. The total soil moisture affects plant fertility, which impacts its productivity. The information about soil moisture can be used for crop scheduling to optimize the potential of the harvest and reduce crop failure risk. The utilization...
Proceedings Article

Targeted Therapies for Alzheimer's Disease: An Overview

Yong SUN, Ying-ju XIU, Ying XING
Dementia is the most common onset of Alzheimer's disease (AD). The main neuropathological characteristics of AD are extracellular amyloid plaques and intracellular accumulation of hyperphosphorylated Tau protein. Because of the complexity of the pathogenesis, the most treatment options are not effective...
Proceedings Article

A Novel Method of HCC Pathological Images Recognition based on Morphological Distribution of Liver Cell Cords

Aoshuang Dong, Su Jiang, Huiyan Jiang, Keming Mao
The morbidity of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), which has become a significant killer to human life, is getting higher over the years. Not only the shape and structure of liver cells are abnormal in pathological images, but also liver cell cords show some unusual phenomena, such as incrassation and...
Proceedings Article

The Immunostimulant Effects of Alang-Alang (Imperata cylindrica) Roots Extract on BALB/c Male Mice (Mus musculus)

Rosnizar Rosnizar, Fajar Muliani, Iskandar Muda Ramli, Kartini Eriani
Alang-alang (Imperata cylindrica L.) is an annual rhizomatous grass and traditionally well known for its therapeutic values, especially in treating fever, muscle soreness, nosebleed and respiratory asphyxia. It has been reported to contain different classes of secondary metabolites and attracted scientists’...
Proceedings Article

Body Size Performance of F1 Murung Panggang x KUB Chicken

Adislam C. Kantaqwa, A. P. Z. N. L. Sari, Y. V. Saraswati, H. Sasongko, M. H. Wibowo, D. Maharani
Body size is essential as an indicator of growth in the economic trait. The objective of this study was to evaluate the chicken selection between crossbred chickens and their parental groups using body size variables. This study used 5 Murung Panggang chickens (parental males) and 131 crossbred chickens...
Proceedings Article

Decomposition Analysis of Rice-Based Integrated Crop Management-Farmer Field School (ICM-FFS) on Swampy Lands in Indonesia

Y. A. Dewi, A. Yulianti, K. Kariyasa
Integrated Crop Management-Farmer Field School Program (ICM-FFS) was one of the Indonesian government’s programs, which had been recognized to increase rice production. The successful implementation of ICM-FFS can be attributed toits impact on economic (production, productivity, and income) and social...