Journal of Robotics, Networking and Artificial Life

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329 articles

Anomaly Stop Detection by Smartphone

Viet Chau Dang, Masao Kubo, Hiroshi Sato, Tomohiro Shirakawa, Akira Namatame
Pages: 2 - 6
This paper proposes a method for detecting anomaly stop events from GPS logs of a vehicle recorded by smartphone. Despite of many researches of strong braking event detection are proposed, they cannot discriminate between a normal and an abnormal braking event. Our proposal includes an IMAC model for...

Method of Facial Expression Analysis Using Video Phone and Thermal Image

Yasunari Yoshitomi, Taro Asada, Ryota Kato, Masayoshi Tabuse
Pages: 7 - 11
To improve the quality of life of elderly people living in a home or healthcare facility, especially in a rural area, we have been developing a method for analyzing the facial expressions of a person using a video phone system (Skype) to speak with another person. In the present study, we proposed a...

Variable-poled Tracking Control of a Two-wheeled Mobile Robot Using Differential Flatness

Liming Chen, Yingmin Jia
Pages: 12 - 16
This paper investigates the tracking control of a two-wheeled mobile robot in both kinematic and dynamic models. Differential flatness and PD-spectral theory are used for controller design. Based on differential flatness, the original system is transformed via a state prolongation and a state transformation...

Intelligent mechanisms in E. coli in processing carbon sources

Zhongyuan Tian, Hiroshi Matsuno
Pages: 17 - 21
E. coli is “wise” enough to take suitable responding time, and suitable responding behaviors, when facing different kinds and intensities of stimulations. In a network of glycogen metabolism, a shorter time stimuli result in the post translation level reactions for quicker response, and a longer time...

Playware Research – Methodological Considerations

Henrik Hautop Lund
Pages: 22 - 26
Several sub-disciplines of engineering are driven by the researchers’ aim of providing positive change to the society through their engineering. These researchers are challenged by the traditional research method of experimental research with a waterfall model which demands clearly defined project definition...

A Decision Making System of Robots Introducing a Re-construction of Emotions Based on Their Own Experiences

Shogo Watada, Masanao Obayashi, Takashi Kuremoto, Shingo Mabu
Pages: 27 - 32
We already proposed a decision making system for autonomous robots, which is based on a Markovian emotional model proposed by Banik. In our proposed system, decision making of the robot is designed automatically by two processes that are the construction of emotions and optimization of behavior selection...

ALife for Real and Virtual Audio-Video Performances

Luigi Pagliarini, Henrik Hautop Lund
Pages: 33 - 38
MAG (an Italian acronym which stands for Musical Genetic Algorithms) is an electronic art piece in which a multifaceted software attempts to “translate” musical expression into a corresponding static or animated graphical expressions. The mechanism at the base of such “translation” consists in a quite...

Finite-time Stabilization for Nonholonomic Chained Form Systems with Communication Delay

Hengjun Zhang, Chaoli Wang, Gang Wang
Pages: 39 - 44
In this paper, the problem of finite-time stabilization is developed for nonholonomic chained form systems with communication delay in the input. The finite-time control laws are presented by utilizing the switching control strategy and the theory of finite-time stability, which can make the states of...

Study on the Improvement of Flexibility for an Industrial Robot Based on Machine Vision

Jiwu Wang, Xianwen Zhang, Weining Zhang, Sugisaka Masanori
Pages: 45 - 48
In order to improve the applications for an industrial robot, it is necessary to increase its flexibility and accuracy. The machine vision technology is an effective solution. In order to reduce the influence of the size, deformation etc., the target extraction method with fusion of color space and moment...

A model for low-frequency bursts in subthalamic nucleus neurons

Shigeru Kubota, Jonathan E. Rubin
Pages: 49 - 53
Burst firing in subthalamic nucleus (STN) has been suggested to be highly associated with the motor symptoms in Parkinson’s disease, which result from a loss of dopamine. Although it is clinically very important to clarify the mechanism underlying the bursting dynamics, complex interactions between STN...

Model Introduced SPRT for Structural Change Detection of Time Series (I) -- Formulation --

Yoshihide Koyama, Tetsuo Hattori, Hiromichi Kawano
Pages: 54 - 59
Previously, we have proposed a method applying Sequential Probability Ratio Test (SPRT) to the structural change detection problem of ongoing time series data. In this paper, we introduce a structural change model with Poisson process into a system that outputs a set of ongoing time series data, moment...

Kansei Impression and Automated Color Image Arrangement Methods (incl. erratum)

Yusuke Kawakami, Tetsuo Hattori, Yoshiro Imai, Haruna Matsushita, Hiromichi Kawano, R.P.C. Janaka Rajapakse
Pages: 60 - 67
This paper proposes a new color image arrangement method using an elastic transform on some kinds of axes. In this paper, we present the principle of our method using HMGD (Histogram Matching based on Gaussian Distribution). And we describe that the automated method applies the HMGD to input color image...

Heart-pulse Biofeedback in Playful Exercise using a Wearable device and Modular Interactive Tiles

Tomoya Shimokakimoto, Henrik Hautop Lund, Kenji Suzuki
Pages: 68 - 72
We developed a playful biofeedback system using a wearable device and modular interactive tiles. In this approach we suppose that patients could regulate exercise intensity on their own through biofeedback. We propose biofeedback play system called “bioToys” based on exercise with the modular interactive...

The Recollection Characteristics of Generalized MCNN Using Different Control Methods

Shun Watanabe, Takashi Kuremoto, Shingo Mabu, Masanao Obayashi, Kunikazu Kobayashi
Pages: 73 - 79
Kuremoto et al. proposed a multi-layer chaotic neural network (MCNN) combined multiple Adachi et al.'s CNNs to realize mutual auto-association of plural time series patterns. However, the MCNN was limited in a two-layer model. In this paper, we extend the MCNN to be a general form (GMCNN) with more layers...

Hierarchy Based on Configuration-Reader about k-Neighborhood Template A-Type Three-Dimensional Bounded Cellular Acceptor

Makoto Sakamoto, Makoto Nagatomo, Tuo Zhang, Xiaoyang Feng, Tatsuma Kurogi, Satoshi Ikeda, Masahiro Yokomichi, Hiroshi Furutani, Takao Ito, Yasuo Uchida, Tsunehiro Yoshinaga
Pages: 80 - 84
Blum and Hewitt first proposed two-dimensional automata as computational models of two-dimensional pattern processing?two-dimensional finite automata and marker automata, and investigated their pattern recognition abilities in 1967. Since then, many researchers in this field have investigated the properties...

Hierarchy Based on Neighborhood Template about k-Neighborhood Template A-Type Three-Dimensional Bounded Cellular Acceptor

Makoto Sakamoto, Makoto Nagatomo, Tuo Zhang, Xiaoyang Feng, Tatsuma Kurogi, Satoshi Ikeda, Masahiro Yokomichi, Hiroshi Furutani, Takao Ito, Yasuo Uchida, Tsunehiro Yoshinaga
Pages: 85 - 89
Recently, due to the advance in dynamic image processing, computer animation, augmented reality (AR), and so forth, it has become increasingly apparent that the study of four-dimensional pattern processing (three-dimensional pattern processing with time axis) should be very important. Thus, the study...

Survey of Conventional UUV Navigation Mapping Technique in Development of AQUA-X UUV

S. Faiz Ahmed Ahmed, D. Hazry, M. Hassan Tanveer, M. Kamran Joyo, Faizan. A. Warsi, Khairunizam Wan, Zuradzman M. Razlan, Shahriman A.B. Zunaidi IB, A.T. Hussain
Pages: 90 - 96
Unmanned Underwater Vehicles (UUV) are devices that perform task with slight or no human interaction. These tasks are predefined set of commands called navigation methods, that are used to achieve desired mission goals. The navigation control system plays an important role in maneuvering of UUV and without...

Intelligent Fault Classification of Rolling Bearing at Variable Speed Based on Reconstructed Phase Space

Weigang Wen, Weidong Cheng
Pages: 97 - 102
Rolling bearing is a common mechanical part which is subject to be damaged. It is important to monitor the condition of bearing. An effective mean is to extract faulty features of bearing from the vibration signal. In this paper, a method is introduced to realize intelligent classification of bearing...

On Parameter Setting in Identifying the Same Languages Involved in Different Language Data

Ren Wu, Hiroshi Matsuno
Pages: 103 - 107
We have introduced several kinds of similarity measure and proposed a method for identifying the same languages involved in two language classification trees. Several unknown parameters are used there and need to be set to constant values. This paper aims to determine all the values of these parameters...

Study on the Target Recognition and Location Technology of industrial Sorting Robot based on Machine Vision

Jiwu Wang, Xianwen Zhang, Huazhe Dou, Masanori Sugisaka
Pages: 108 - 110
In order to improve the applications for an industrial sorting robot, it is necessary to increase its flexibility and control accuracy. The prerequisite is to automatically extract the multiple target positions accurately and robustly. The machine vision technology is an effective solution. Here an industrial...

Proposal of a Visualizing Method of Data Transitions to Support Debugging for Java Programs

Tetsuro Katayama, Hiroto Nakamura, Yoshihiro Kita, Hisaaki Yamaba, Naonobu Okazaki
Pages: 111 - 115
It takes much time to find the cause of a bug in debugging of programs. Finding the cause of a bug needs to comprehend a flow and data transitions in executing programs. It is difficult to grasp behavior in executing the programs whose behavior is unexpected by a bug. We propose a visualizing method...

Development of Measurement System for Quantitative Evaluation of Skillfulness of Lower Extremities

Kazunori Yamazaki, Dongjun Jin, Yoshifumi Morita, Noritaka Sato, Hiroyuki Ukai, Kenji Kozakai, Satoru Shibata, Shigenori Onishi, Akihiro Ito, Daisuke Mizuno, Tatsuya Hirai, Haruna Takeda, Yuka Sugiura
Pages: 116 - 119
The final goal of our research is to develop a measurement system for quantitative evaluation of the skillfulness of the lower extremities. In our previous work, we developed the measurement system of the foot movement on the floor with the sitting posture. In this study, we developed a quantitative...

Proposal of a Method to Build Markov Chain Usage Model from UML Diagrams for Communication Delay Testing in Distributed Systems

Tetsuro Katayama, Zhijia Zhao, Yoshihiro Kita, Hisaaki Yamaba, Naonobu Okazaki
Pages: 120 - 124
As the growth of network technology with high parallelism and high reliability of distributed systems, they have been widely adopted in the enterprise and society. But, how to design for testing the real-time or a communication delay of distributed systems is not been discussed much. This paper proposes...

Adaptive Consensus Control of Multi-Agent Systems with Large Uncertainty and Time Delays

Li Liu, Yu Meng, Dongxu Zou, Weicun Zhang
Pages: 125 - 129
A weighted multi-model adaptive control (WMMAC) method is proposed to achieve consensus of multi-agent system with large parameter uncertainty and communication delays, in which H°° control is adopted as local control strategy to deal with smaller parameter uncertainty. Moreover a simple and effective...

Glove-Based Virtual Interaction for the Rehabilitation of Hemiparesis Stroke Patient

Khairunizam Wan, A.R. Aswad, Rashidah Suhaimi, Nazrul H. Adnan, D. Hazry, Zuradzman M. Razlan, A.B. Shahriman, Mohd Asri Ariffin, M. Haslina
Pages: 130 - 134
This paper proposes the rehabilitation of a stroke patient by using dataglove called GloveMAP. GloveMAP is a low cost hand glove developed by using the flexible bending sensor and an accelerometer attached at the position of the fingers and wrist, respectively. In the studies, 22 fundamental movements...

Application of Self-Organizing Map for analyzing robotic arm’s action with Consciousness-Based Architecture module

Wisanu Jitviriya, Eiji Hayashi
Pages: 135 - 139
Our research has been focused on developing human-robot interactions, the robots need to perform a high level of intellectual activity and user compatibility. Therefore, we considered the primary structure of a conscious human/animal action, which can be represented by the sequence process, Perception...

Recognized Face Tracking for CONBE Robot

Eiji Hayashi, Sakmongkon Chumkamon
Pages: 140 - 144
In our research, we develop the robot to combine with the consciousness and behavior which is the conscious and behavior robot (CONBE). In this paper we present the basis system in the CONBE robot that consist of the two main sections as the face recognition and robot gaze tracking. This system uses...

A Relationship Analysis between Green Supply Chain Management and its Performance: A Path Analytic Model

Seigo Matsuno, Shin-ya Tagawa, Yasuo Uchida, Takao Ito
Pages: 145 - 149
This paper proposes and empirically tests a model of the relationship between green supply chain management (GSCM) practices and corporate performance. Based on a literature review, we identified five determinants, namely, environmental commitment, supplier collaboration, supplier assessment, information...

An Empirical Examination of Inter-firm Capital Relationships in Mazda’s Yokokai using the IDE Spatial Model

Makoto Sakamoto, Satoshi Ikeda, Takao Ito, Rajiv Mehta, Seigo Matsuno, Shinya Tagawa, Victor D. Berdonosov
Pages: 150 - 154
Just as workflow and transactional linkages, inter-firm capital relationships are similarly known to have an impact on corporate performance. Because of the superior performance of Japanese networks known as Keiretsu, many companies have begun to recognize the importance of capital linkages whereas other...

A Study of Open Source Cloud System for Small and Medium Enterprise

Yasuo Uchida, Seigo Matsuno, Masayoshi Hasama, Takao Ito, Makoto Sakamoto
Pages: 155 - 159
Cloud computing services have not been yet deployed widely by the SMEs in Japan. Due to its many advantages, special skills and support techniques for the SMEs need to be developed in order to implement cloud computing services. A research of the relevant literature reveals that virtually no published...

Multiple-window Bag of Features for Road Environment Recognition

Shou Morita, Joo Kooi Tan, Hyoungseop Kim, Seiji Ishikawa
Pages: 160 - 163
The idea of Bag of Features (BoF) is recently often employed for general object recognition. But, as it does not take positional relations of detected features into account, the recognition rate is still not very high for practical use. This paper proposes a method of describing the feature of an object...

Integrating the Event Generation Mechanism in the Propp-based Story Generation Mechanism into the Integrated Narrative Generation System

Shohei Imabuchi, Takashi Ogata
Pages: 164 - 168
In the Propp-based story generation mechanisms and the integrated narrative generation system which we have been developing, the former functions is a module in the latter. These systems have used respective event generation mechanisms to generated events which are the most important units in a narrative...

Adaptive Sliding Mode Control for Magnetic Levitation Vehicles

Juanjuan He, Yingmin Jia
Pages: 169 - 173
This paper focuses on stability control for the levitated positioning of the magnetic levitation vehicle system. For the nonlinear magnetic levitation system model, the output feedback linearization method is employed to derive a global linearization error model. However, there exists uncertain item...

Proposal of a Supporting Method to Generate a Decision Table from the Formal Specification

Tetsuro Katayama, Kenta Nishikawa, Yoshihiro Kita, Hisaaki Yamaba, Naonobu Okazaki
Pages: 174 - 178
In recent years, the software quality becomes more important because the system becomes large scale and high performance. In general, many defects are embedded in the upstream process of the software development. As one reason of the above, specifications include ambiguous description. As a means for...

A Comparative Study of Inter-firm Transactional Relationship between Kyohokai and Yokokai

Takao Ito, Makoto Sakamoto, Satoshi Ikeda, Rajiv Mehta, Yasuo Uchida
Pages: 179 - 183
Although two major Japanese manufacturers, Toyota and Mazda, compete in the automotive market, their corporate performance, respectively, is different because the internal resources and the way they coordinate interrelationships among their network partners is known to be divergent. Both these two companies...

Comparing Effectiveness of Feature Detectors in Obstacles Detection from a Video

Shaohua Qian, Joo Kooi Tan, Hyoungseop Kim, Seiji Ishikawa, Takashi Morie, Takashi Shinomiya
Pages: 184 - 188
We have already proposed an obstacles detection method using a video taken by a vehicle-mounted monocular camera. In this method, correct obstacles detection depends on whether we can accurately detect and match feature points. In order to improve the accuracy of obstacles detection, in this paper, we...

Some Accepting Powers of Bottom-Up Pyramid Cellular Acceptors with n-dimensional Layers

Makoto Sakamoto, Makoto Nagatomo, Tatsuma Kurogi, Satoshi Ikeda, Masahiro Yokomichi, Hiroshi Furutani, Takao Ito, Yasuo Uchida, Tsunehiro Yoshinaga
Pages: 189 - 193
In theoretical computer science, the Turing machine was introduced as a simple mathematical model of computers in 1936, and has played a number of important roles in understanding and exploiting basic concepts and mechanisms in computing and information processing. After that, the development of the...

Human Recognition based on Gait Features and Genetic Programming

Dipak Gaire Sharma, Rahadian Yusuf, Ivan Tanev, Katsunori Shimohara
Pages: 194 - 197
Human walking has always been the curious field of research for different disciple of social and information science. The study of human walk or human gait in association with different behaviors and emotions has not only fascinated social science researchers, but its uniqueness has also attracted many...

Circulative Narrative Generation Based on the Mutual Transformation between Narrative Conceptual Structures and Music in the Integrated Narrative Generation System

Taisuke Akimoto, Takashi Ogata
Pages: 198 - 202
We have proposed a new framework of narrative generation which generates narratives through the mutual transformation according to various pathways between narrative (conceptual representation) and music. This paper will continuously incorporate this framework into the integrated narrative generation...

Homogeneous Systolic Pyramid Automata with n-Dimensional Layers

Makoto Sakamoto, Makoto Nagatomo, Tatsuma Kurogi, Satoshi Ikeda, Masahiro Yokomichi, Hiroshi Furutani, Takao Ito, Yasuo Uchida, Tsunehiro Yoshinaga
Pages: 203 - 206
Cellular automata were investigated not only in the viewpoint of formal language theory, but also in the viewpoint of pattern recognition. Cellular automata can be classified into some types. A systolic pyramid automata is also one parallel model of various cellular automata. A homogeneous systolic pyramid...

Proposal of a Supporting Method for Debugging to Reproduce Java Multi-threaded Programs by Petri-net

Tetsuro Katayama, Shoichiro Kitano, Yoshihiro Kita, Hisaaki Yamaba, Naonobu Okazaki
Pages: 207 - 211
It is difficult to implement the multi-threaded programs. The reason is that the behavior of each thread is non-deterministic. Also it is difficult to reproduce the situation in which an incident occurs. This paper proposes a supporting method for debugging to reproduce Java multi-threaded programs by...

Remarks on Recognizability of Four-Dimensional Topological Components

Makoto Nagatomo, Makoto Sakamoto, Tatsuma Kurogi, Satoshi Ikeda, Masahiro Yokomichi, Hiroshi Furutani, Takao Ito, Yasuo Uchida, Tsunehiro Yoshinaga
Pages: 212 - 215
The study of four-dimensional automata as the computational model of four-dimensional pattern processing has been meaningful. However, it is conjectured that the three-dimensional pattern processing has its our difficulties not arising in two- or three-dimensional case. One of these difficulties occurs...

Robot Pose Measurement Based on Sensor Fusion

Jiwu Wang, Shunkai Zheng, Fangbo Liao, Masanori Sugisaka
Pages: 216 - 219
In the motion control research of mobile robot, the mobile robot pose is obtained by derivation of the Kinematic model of the robot. Generally, the motion model relies simply on the data from encoder feedback. Due to cumulative error, the robot pose accuracy is relatively poor by mileage positioning...

Markov Chain Analyses of Random Local Search and Evolutionary Algorithm

Hiroshi Furutani, Hiroki Tagami, Makoto Sakamoto, Yifei Du
Pages: 220 - 224
Theoretical studies of evolutionary algorithms (EAs) have been developed by researchers whose main interests are convergence properties of algorithms. In this paper, we report the computational complexity of an algorithm that is a variant of (1+1) EA, called Random Local Search (RLS). While a standard...

Runtime Analysis of OneMax Problem in Genetic Algorithm

Yifei Du, QinLian Ma, Makoto Sakamoto, Hiroshi Furutani, Yu-an Zhang
Pages: 225 - 230
Genetic algorithms (GAs) are stochastic optimization techniques, and we have studied the effects of stochastic fluctuation in the process of GA evolution. A mathematical study was carried out for GA on OneMax function within the framework of Markov chain model. We obtained the steady state solution,...

An Action Selection Method Using Degree of Cooperation in a Multi-agent Reinforcement Learning System

Masanori Kawamura, Kunikazu Kobayashi
Pages: 231 - 236
In recent years, a concept of a dividual is proposed by a Japanese novelist to interact properly with another person. To construct a model of the dividual, the degree of cooperation is assigned to the corresponding dividual. By introducing the degree of cooperation into a multi-agent system, we evaluate...

Model Introduced SPRT for Structural Change Detection of Time Series (II)

Yoshihide Koyama, Tetsuo Hattori, Katsunori Takeda, Hiromichi Kawano
Pages: 237 - 243
In this paper, using the notion of a binary Channel Matrix as well known in Information Theory, we present an equivalent relation between the SPRT (Sequential Probability Ratio Test) and Bayes’ Updating. Moreover, we show the relationship between the SPRT and NSPR (New Sequential Probability Ratio) where...

Novel Opt-coupling Transistor by LED and PD and its Application

Junichi Fujita, Daisuke Sato, Kensho Okamoto, Tetsuo Hattori
Pages: 244 - 248
This paper proposes a novel transistor-like device by the optical coupling of LED (Light Emitting Diode) and Photodiode. The device that we call “OCT: Optical Coupling Transistor” shows an amplification function if the Photodiode current by photo electromotive force is feed backed into the LED, in the...

Combining playware exergaming with a mobile fitness app

Emmanouil Giannisakis, Henrik Hautop Lund
Pages: 249 - 252
We propose a novel playware as a merge between exergames and mobile fitness apps to engage the users in physical exercises, not only as competitive play, but also in the form of cooperative play. The concept connects modular interactive tiles with radio communication to Android tablets and smart phones,...