Proceedings of the International Conference "Actual Issues of Mechanical Engineering" 2017 (AIME 2017)

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148 articles

Interactive environment for simulation manufacturing system in machine building and coal processing

Vasiliy Valentinovich Sinoviev, Aleksey Nikolaevich Starodubov
While creating new or upgrading already functioning production, problems of analysis of multiple technical and organizational options and the choice of optimal solutions arise. Currently, equipment is designed based on past experience and intuition, and technology parameters are calculated by taking...

Determination of stresses in tooth roots of gears by Integral Strain Gauges

Vladimir Syzrantsev, Ksenia Syzrantseva
Information about value and distribution law of stresses along tooth root of gears allows one to estimate loading capacity and durability of gear transmissions in real operation conditions. The paper considers new original means for determination of stresses in tooth roots - Integral Strain Gauges. Results...

Development of MEMS Angular Rate Sensor with Self-calibration Function

S. Timoshenkov, N. Korobova, A. Mikheev, A. Timoshenkov
In the paper, new principles and methods for determining the transfer characteristic parameters for a micromechanical angular velocity sensor, as well as an assessment of the significance and efficiency of these parameters, have been described. The structure and algorithms for obtaining and processing...

Preventing paraffination of pumping equipment of oil wells

Andrei Nikolaevich Krasnov, Elena Aleksandrovna Khoroshavina, Marina Yurevna Prakhova
In the overall balance of oil reserves of Russia, high-paraffin oils (HWO) make up, by different estimations, from 55 to 75%. Asphalt-resinous and paraffin depositions (ARPD) are contained in the composition of oils in almost all oil-producing regions of the Russian Federation (RF). High content of paraffin...

Increasing efficiency of composite thermal insulation foam concretes

Valery Stanislavovich Lesovik, Victor Mikhailovich Vorontsov, Evgeny Sergeyevich Glagolev, Daniil Dmitrievich Pomochnicov, Vasiliy Vasilievich Voronov, Aleksandr Anatolevich Volodchenko
The paper describes the development of composite binders with low water demand, obtained by intergrinding Portland cement, Muroplast hyperplasticizer, and tailings of magnetic separation of jaspilites from the Kursk Magnetic Anomaly. The obtained composite binders possess high strength properties after...

Systems and algorithms of work for protecting electric traction networks

B.V. Malozyomov
The paper reviews the electric traction network analysis, the distinctive features of its functioning, innovative switching to digital protection, the first results of trial operation, proposals for further improvements, using the monitoring and level increase of the automation operating system of the...

Method of fuzzy controller adaptation

E. A. Muravyova, M. I. Sharipov
During writing this work, the fuzzy controller with a double base of rules was studied; it was applied for the synthesis of the automated control system. A method for fuzzy controller adaptation has been developed. The adaptation allows the fuzzy controller to automatically compensate for parametric...

Complex study of modified binder properties

Viktoria Viktorovna Nelubova, Pengkun Hou, Valeria Valerievna Strokova, Lok Pratar Singh, Daria Dmitrievna Netsvet, Diana Olegovna Bondarenko
Multifunctional studies have already proved the efficacy of nanotechnological solutions to be applied in the civil engineering. This is largely due to the tendency in the product quality increase in terms of the basic exploitation characteristics, as well as, the formation of end-products unique properties....

12-Pulse Rectifier for Traction Substations of Electric Transport

A. Poleshchuk, M. Vilberger
The article discusses the influence of the non-sinusoidal form of the voltages of the supplying three-phase network on the quality of the rectified voltage from multipulse rectifier with a circular outline of the valve shoulder. The research aims at identifying the most stable rectification circuit during...

Enhancement of operating efficiency of grinding equipment

Aleksey Alekseevich Romanovich, Marina Alexeevna Romanovich
The results of the experimental studies on the process of clinker grinding pre-crushed in a press roller mill and in a ball mill equipped with the energy exchangers are described in the article. The effect of clinker grinding pressure on the amount of deagglomeration forces of its compacted plates is...

Technology for producing nanomaterials taking into account anisotropic structure of raw materials

Aleksey Alekseevich Romanovich, Marina Alexeevna Romanovich
The article gives detailed analysis of theoretical statements that exist nowadays and practice experience in the sphere of grinding materials to the nanosize. There is a technological scheme of the production of nanomaterials by the traditional method, which consists of two phases of grinding: pre-grinding...

Mathematical Model of Magnetic System of Synchronous Machines with Permanent Magnets and Fractional Single-Toothed Winding

A. F. Shevchenko
The article considers the mathematical model for calculating the magnetic circuit of a multipolar synchronous motor with fractional single-toothed winding and permanent magnets. The mathematical model is based on the technique of the tooth contours conductivity. The obtained model makes it possible to...

Waterflooding for lateral anisotropy of porous media

Alexander Pavlovich Shevelev, Asamat Salavatovich Valeev, Yuri Alekseevich Kotenev, Kirill Yurievich Samsonov
There are different types of the inside-the-pool flooding: dividing the deposit by injectors into lines, circles, creating a central row of dividing injection wells with several rows, going across, and those that are combined with marginal flooding. The injector pattern depends on the field's geological...

Role Of Administrative Potential In Development Of Social And Economic Potential Of Rural Territory

K.Ch. Akberov, M.V. Rozhkova, B.V. Malozyomov
The paper proposes the social potential of rural areas. It gives the comparison of the quality of the population life of different countries through the criterion of expenditures and consumption of home economics. It also compares the rates of introduction of residential houses and improvement of housing...

Effect of Swirling Gas Flow in Electrode Cavity on its Erosion

A.S. Anshakov, E.B. Butakov, A.E. Urbakh, P.V. Domarov, V.A. Faleev, V.S. Cherednichenko, V.R. Bower
Investigation results on specific erosion of copper tubular electrodes of the arc plasmatron for air heating are presented. The decisive influence of spatial stabilization of the arc discharge and current strength on the value of specific erosion is shown. The conditions of optimal erosion of electrodes...

Heat transfer and modeling hollow cathode material structural state of vacuum plasmatron

O.S. Dutova, A.V. Shishkin, V.N. Shiremetov
The proposed mathematical models for the calculation of the temperature field and the process of nucleation and growth of a grain in the electrode material of a plasmatron allow conducting numerical simulation of various modes of operation of a hollow cathode and evaluating the change in the structure...

Electrochemical regeneration of chromium-containing galvanic solutions

E.G. Filatova, D.V. Minaev, A.D. Chugunov
Spent galvanic solutions are highly aggressive and contain substances, suitable for reuse. Regeneration of these solutions represents both an environmental and economic issue of actual problem. The efficiency of electrochemical regeneration chromate electrolyte of anodic oxidation was monitored. The...

Development of method for determining bottom-hole pressure in production wells

Vladislav I. Galkin, Inna N. Ponomareva, Irina A. Chernykh
The paper is devoted to the effectiveness increase of monitoring the value of seam pressure when operating oil-producing wells. This problem is relevant for well operation when using subsurface measuring systems. In such cases, seam pressure is determined by recalculation of the dynamic level value,...

Estimation Method of Oil Displacement Efficiency Based on Standard Core Analysis

E.A. Gladkikh, G.P. Khizhniak, V.I. Galkin
The article is dedicated to the estimation of oil displacement efficiency. It is obligatory for the estimation of mineable reserves, feasibility study of oil recovery efficiency and control of the field development. The complexity of its laboratory determination is caused by the labor intensity and duration...

Numerical investigation of isotropic beam crystallization process under nonuniform cooling

Tatiana Suhodoeva, Anna Kamenskikh, Maria Bartolomey
The study is directed to conclusion and approbation of the new defining relations that describe arousal and change of stress fields in isotropic material during crystallization, taking into account temperature strains and structural shrinkage. The statement of the crystallization problem and numerical...

Non-linear simulation of load-bearing capacity for steel-encased concrete piles

G.L. Gorynin, V.A. Snigireva
This paper is devoted to simulation of the stress-strain state of a steel-encased concrete piles. Often, the use of steel-encased concrete piles is the most technologically advantageous, especially when large-sized structures are built in difficult ground conditions. However, traditional concrete-filled...

Identification of building heating systems as controlled objects within automated heat supply stations

Alexey Sergeevich Soldatenkov, Evgeny Anatolyevich Potapenko, Olga Vladimirovna Parashchuk
This article concentrates on the analysis of building heating systems as controlled objects within the dispatching automated power system of a group of buildings. As a result of experiments, main control, perturbation influence, and the controlled variable - heating system return temperature - are defined....

Calculation of Energy Losses in Trolleybus Traction Network by Instant Equivalent Circuits Modeling

E. A. Spiridonov, M. V. Yaroslavtsev
A typical approach to calculation of energy losses in traction circuits of electrified transport is compared to a proposed method of traction network electrical parameters calculation. The method is based on probabilistic experiments which include generation instant equivalent circuits of traction network...

Wind-solar generator

Lev Efimovich Kopelevich, Aleksandr Yakovlevich Kashin, Bogaudin Khamidovich Gaitov, Mikhail Sergeyevich Khristoforov, Polina Vitalievna Sereda
The article considers a wind-solar generator based on special electric machines for power supply of various objects. The subject of this article is a wind-solar generator intended for simultaneous conversion of solar energy (using a photoelectric converter) and wind into electrical energy according to...

Oil Separator

Bogaudin Khamidovich Gaitov, Lev Efimovich Kopelevich, Vladislav Anatolievich Kim, Yakov Mikhajlovich Kashin, Alexander Valeryevich Samorodov, Polina Vitalievna Sereda
The engine-separator of combined design is considered in the article. The subject of this article is temperature field investigation of the engine-separator with a combined design. The purpose of this paper is to review and analyze the application of an oil separation unit based on a separator engine...

Set-point Revisiting Of Maximum Impulse Protection Adjustment For DC Electric Traction Network

S.M. Kuznetsov, E.G. Langeman, B.V. Malozyomov, A.A. Shtang
The article outlines the transition from analogue to digital protection for DC traction network, selection methods of protection and their settings. The first trial uses results, suggestions for further enhancements of adjusting methods, using monitoring and increasing the level of automation and mathematical...

Study of structure formation in bitumen-mineral compositions based on fly ash under water saturation

Mikhail Sergeevich Lebedev, Irina Lvovna Chulkova
The industrial powder waste from thermal power plants such as fly ash is used as asphalt or mineral filler due to its properties and dispersibility. However, the conflicting data on the fly ash usage are due to the different compositions, dispersibility, reaction capacity of the used fly ash. This paper...

Characteristic Features of Internal and External Faults for Use in Differential Protection

I.I. Litvinov, A.A. Osintsev, V.E. Glazirin
The article aims to study the change of instantaneous values of differential current in power transformer protection circuits during magnetizing inrush when the unloaded transformer is connected to a power source and when a fault occurs in the protected area. Also, time behavior of the unbalance current...

Technology of metal-polymer form-building parts of compression molds

Nickolai Sergeevich Lubimyi, Irina Alexandrovna Teterina, Mihail Sergeevich Chepchurov, Evgenii Alexandrovich Yakovlev
The article describes the technology of combined metal-metal-polymer molds to cast plastic products. The economic feasibility of this technology is confirmed by comparing the processing layouts to obtain a mold for the same product, machining and using a metal-polymer as a forming surface material. The...

Specific Features of Friction Mechanisms of Thin-film Coatings of Parts of Mining Machines Working in Fretting Corrosion

V.V. Maksarov, V.A. Krasnyy
The paper consideres the occurrence of fretting corrosion on nominally fixed surfaces of highly loaded parts of mining machines and mechanisms. The authors give examples of wear and damage of critical parts operating under fretting. The mechanisms of fretting corrosion when using wear-resistant coatings...

Improvement Of Method Of Setting Digital Protection Devices In Straight DC Power Networks

B.V. Malozyomov, M.V. Rozhkova, A.A. Shtang
The paper describes methods for setpoints setting of digital protections (terminals) in traction DC networks. A technique for their improvement and protection settings in a complete scheme is proposed. Besides, the main technical characteristics of digital protection and automation devices are listed....

Fuel Stream Modeling in Flowing Section of Sprayers of Diesel Nozzles

V.A. Markov, V.G. Kamaltdinov, E.A. Savastenko
Achievement of required indexes of diesels is impossible without processes improvement of fuel spraying and mixture formation. Modern diesel fuel equipment does not provide a demanded number of the above-mentioned processes fully. Quality improvement of the processes is a goal of the study. Constructions...

Induction heating based on permanent magnets with magnetic field concentrators

A.I. Aliferov, D.S. Vlasov, V.A. Promzelev, A.E. Morev, R.A. Bikeev
To study the effect of various types of magnetic field concentrators on the energy and thermal characteristics of the induction heating system of noncylindrical billets in the magnetic field of rotating permanent magnets, a numerical model was developed. The model allows solving the conjugate electromagnetic...

Steady motions of nonhomogeneous ellipsoid on horizontal plane

M.A. Munitsyna, A.I. Munitsyn
The dynamics of a heavy nonhomogeneous ellipsoid of rotation on a horizontal fixed plane with friction is analysed. It is assumed that the mass centre of the spheroid coincides with its geometric center and that the geometric axis of symmetry is the axis of dynamic symmetry. The frictional force is proportional...

Determination of quenching modes after thermodiffusion hardening of parts from gray cast iron

Valeriy Ivanovich Vasiliev, Viktor Evgenievich Ovsiannikov, Roman Yurievich Nekrasov, Ulyana Sergeevna Putilova
In this paper, the authors consider determination of the modes of heat treatment of gray cast iron parts that have been subjected to diffusion surface alloying. The type of hardening treatment under consideration makes it possible to obtain a layer of high-carbon steel on the surface of the cast iron...

Influence of standard of demand for automobiles on production figures of oil-producing organisations' subdivisions

Vladimir Ioganesovich Bauer, Evgeniy Sergeevich Kozin, Aleksandr Alekseevich Mukhortov, Artyom Vladimirovich Bazanov
One of the ways of solving the problem of organising transport and technological service of oil-and-gas production processes is considered in the paper. The authors propose analysing the operation of the system of transport servicing of electric power generation management, when extracting oil and gas,...

Providing special vehicles with spare parts in oil-and-gas sector

Vladimir Ioganesovich Bauer, Aleksandr Alekseevich Mukhortov, Evgeniy Sergeevich Kozin, Artyom Vladimirovich Bazanov
In the paper, the methodology of creating a rational system of providing special vehicles, operating in the oil-and-gas sector, with spare parts is presented. As a result of the study, the criteria of effectiveness of providing with spare parts were determined. The method of rational distribution of...

Development of Control System of Hot Water Supply Solar Plant

Alexandr V. Belousov, Yury A. Koshlich, Vasily K. Stan
This article is devoted to the development of technical solutions and structures aimed at improving energy efficiency of solar plants in the regions with temperate continental climate through the adaptive control of coolant velocity. The main development stages of the adaptive control system and its...

Influence of operational factors on fail-safety and resource of LISB bypass device for spacecrafts

Zhesfina Mikhailovna Blednova, Nikolai Andreevich Makhutov, Nikolai Alexandrovich Protsenko
To ensure trouble-free operation and lifetime of lithium-ion storage batteries (LISB) for spacecrafts, it is advisable to use bypass devices (BD) with a power element of a thermal drive made of smart material with shape memory effect (SME). The authors presented experimental results of the effect of...

Plasma-chemical modification of concrete processed by colorific metal salts

Diana Olegovna Bondarenko, Nadezda Ivanovna Bondarenko, Vasiliy Stepanovich Bessmertnyi, Nikolay Mikhailovich Burlakov
The most important task at the present stage of the formation of modern society is the intensive development of the national economy on the basis of the latest achievements of science and technology. The building materials industry in the Russian Federation is one of the most energy-intensive industries....

Effective Composites Employing Fast-Hardening Gypsum Cement Binders for Additive Manufacturing

Natalia Vasilyevna Chernysheva, Valery Stanislavovich Lesovik, Evgeny Sergeyevich Glagolev, Aleksandr Anatolevich Volodchenko
Currently, development and implementation of new technologies has come to the fore in every field of industrial production. Interest to additive manufacturing grows in Russia and abroad, including application of such technologies in architecture and construction, allowing production of forms and structures...

Flowability and durability of cement containing technological additives during grinding process

Lyubov Dmitrievna Shahova, Elena Sergeevna Chernositova, Julia Vladimirovna Denisova
This paper considers the major factors influencing cement flowability and its conservation in humid environment with the presence of processing additives during grinding. It describes cement flowability quantitative measurement methods developed and introduced by the authors and implemented on the basis...

Non-destructive Testing of Duralumin and Titanium Alloys

Sergey Dmitriev, Vladimir Malikov, Anatoly Sagalakov, Alexander Katasonov, Kirill Ekkerdt, Alexey Ishkov
The article presents the structure of a subminiaturized eddy-current transducer (EST) of a transformer type with the exciting, measuring and compensation windings, which is based on the pyramid-shaped core providing the localization of the magnetic field on the area of 0.0025 mmý. It also presents the...

Improvement of biological recultivation technology of disturbed solid of oil, gas and condensate field

E.V. Gaevaya, L.N. Skipin, E.V. Zakharova, A.A. Galyamov
The article considers development of the technology of recovering disturbed soils intended for nature protection purposes on the territory of Bovanenkovskiy oil, gas and condensate field of Yamal peninsula. In the course of operation, blend composition and consumption rates of seed material were selected,...

Power performance single-phase rectifier depending on topology and control methods

Vladlen Ivanov, Nikolay Shchurov, Sergei Myatez, Andrei Kapustin, Irina Alekseeva
The article introduces simple regulations of simple method specifications, based on structural synthesis method, for controlled rectifiers of the single-phase alternating current development. It is proved that the structural synthesis method is useful in improvement of zone rectifiers' circuits and in...

Task of Optimal Control of Gas Exchange in System "Artificial Lungs - Self-contained Breathing Apparatus"

Pavel M. Onevsky, Maxim P. Onevsky, Vasiliy A. Pogonin
The structure of the predictive control system of the test facility "Artificial lungs" is developed. The statement of the task of optimal control of actuating mechanisms of the test facility "Artificial lungs" is formalized: the equation of object control in the form of differential equations is formulated,...

Intensification of synthesis processes of clinker minerals in presence of coal-alkaline additive

Natalia Petrovna Bushueva, Olga Aleksandrovna Panova, Pavel Vasilievich Besedin
When preparing cement raw slurry, in order to regulate its aggregative stability and flowability, a coal-alkaline additive is used, which not only changes the surface properties of disperse particles, but also intensifies the portland cement clinker synthesis process. Adding of coal-alkaline reagent...

From nano-scale to macrostructure in composite for additive technologies

Valentina Anatolyevna Poluektova, Nikolay Afanasyevich Shapovalov, Vladimir Nikolaevich Vladykin
Onrush of additive technologies might allow a 3D concrete printing method to become more profitable and efficient for building unique constructions than traditional methods of building. Until the XXI century, the science paid special attention to phenomena and processes at two levels: microscopic scale...

Alternative Electrokinetic Technologies in Agroecosystems and Land Use

E.G. Porsev, B.V. Malozyomov, M.V. Rozhkova
It was proposed to use electrokinetic phenomena for the cultivation of agricultural products, taking into account the multifactority of technology and the presence of relaxation phenomena. It is forecasted to use new approaches to reduce energy costs for the process of moistening the root-layer of soil...

Architecture of Transaction Monitoring System of Central Banks

Maxim Repin, Oleg Mikhalsky, Ekaterina Pshehotskaya
The detection of fraud payments is one of the primary problems for cyber-security of payment services. Among all services, the exclusive ones are the payment systems of central banks regarding their critical role for financial systems, sheer volume and number of transactions and increased attention from...